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第七部 语智

第七部          语智

语智部总序

【原文】

冯子曰:智非语也,语智非智也,喋喋者必穷,期期者有庸,丈夫者何必有口哉!固也,抑有异焉。两舌相战,理者必伸;两理相质,辨者先售。子房以之师,仲连以之高,庄生以之旷达,仪、衍以之富贵,端木子以之列于四科,孟氏以之承三圣。故一言而或重于九鼎,单说而或强于十万师,片纸书而或贤于十部从事,口舌之权顾不重与?“谈言微中,足以解纷”;“言之无文,行之不远”。君子一言以为智,一言以为不智。智泽于内,言溢于外。《诗》曰:“唯其有之,是以似之。”此之谓也。

【译文】

智慧不等同于言语,见似聪明机巧的言语绝对不等于智慧,喋喋不休的人一定没好结果,反倒是一些看似讷讷不能言的人能成功,这样看来,智慧的人,又何必需要机巧的语言能力呢?然而也有另一个角度的看法,两方不同的言论激辩,通常是有理的一方获胜;而两种不同的道理冲突,也往往是有能力充份说明的一方得着采行。历史上张良以言论而成为王者师,鲁仲连以言论而名高楚汉之际。所以,言论的力量可以高于九鼎,可以强过十万军队,微的言论,可以解开纷杂的困境。言论的施行,可以让智慧广为传扬。这么来说,又怎么可以不重言语呢?而言语真正的基础,还是在于智慧,内心有充溢的智慧,自然会生出智慧的言语来。《诗经》说:“因为有这样的本质,所以表象来看是这么回事。”说的正是这个意思。

十九 辩才无碍

【原文】

侨童有辞,郑国赖焉;聊城一矢,名高鲁连;排难解纷,辩哉仙仙;百尔君子,毋易繇言。集“辩才”。

 

【译文】

子产以口舌折服晋楚,使郑国免祸数十年;鲁仲连以一封绑在箭上的信,说服燕军退兵。历史上有无数危难,都在智者的辩才下消于无形。

727、子贡

【原文】

吴征会于诸侯,卫侯后至,吴人藩卫侯之舍。子贡说太宰嚭曰:“卫君之来,必谋于其众,其众或欲或否,是以缓来。其欲来者,子之 也;其不欲来者,子之仇也。若执卫侯,是堕 而崇仇也。”嚭说,乃舍卫君。

田常欲作乱于齐,惮高、国、鲍、晏,故移其兵,欲以伐鲁。孔子闻之,谓门弟子曰:“夫鲁,坟墓所处,二三子何为莫出?”子路请出,孔子止之。子张、子石请行,孔子弗许。子贡请,孔子许之。遂行至齐,说田常曰:“君之伐鲁,过矣!夫鲁,难伐之国:其城薄以卑,其地狭以泄,其君愚而不仁,大臣伪而无用,其士民又恶甲兵之事,——此不可与战。君不如伐吴,夫吴城高以厚,地广以深,甲坚以新,士选以饱,重器兵,尽在其中,又使明大夫守之,——此易伐也。”田常忿然作色,曰:“子之所难,人之所易;子之所易,人之所难,而以教常,何也?”[边批:正是辩端。]子贡曰:“臣闻之:‘忧在内者攻强,忧在外者攻弱。’今君破鲁以广齐,战胜以骄主,破国以尊臣,而君之功不与焉,而 日疏于王。是君上骄主心,下恣群臣,求以成大事,难矣!夫上骄则恣,臣骄则争,是君上与主有隙,下与大臣 争也,如此则君之立于齐,危矣!故曰不如伐吴,伐吴不胜,民人外死,大臣内空,是君上无强臣之敌,下无民人之过,孤主制齐者,唯君也。”田常曰:“善。虽然,吾兵业已加鲁矣,去而之吴,大臣疑我,奈何?”子贡曰:“君按兵无伐,臣请往使吴王,令之救鲁而伐齐,君因以兵迎之。”

田常许之,使子贡南见吴王,说曰:“臣闻之:‘王者不绝世,霸者无强敌。’‘千钧之重,加铢而移。’今以万乘之齐,而私千乘之鲁,与吴争强,窃为王危之。且夫救鲁,显名也;伐齐,大利也。以扶泗上诸侯,诛暴齐而服强晋,利莫大焉,名存亡鲁,实困强齐,智者不疑也。”吴王曰:“善。虽然,吾尝与越战,栖之会稽。越王苦身养士,有报我心,子待我伐越而听子。”子贡曰:“越之劲不过鲁,强不过齐,王置齐而伐越,则齐已平鲁矣。且王方以存亡继绝为名,夫伐小越而畏强齐,非勇也;夫勇者不避难,仁者不穷约,智者不失时。今存越示诸侯以仁,救鲁伐齐,威加晋国,诸侯必相率而朝,吴霸业成矣。且王必恶越,臣请东见越王,令出兵以从,此实空越,名从诸侯以伐也。”吴王大说,乃使子贡之越。

越王除道郊迎,身御至舍,而问曰:“此蛮夷之国,大夫何以惠然辱而临之?”子贡曰:“今者吾说吴王以救鲁伐齐,其志欲之而畏越,曰:‘待我伐越乃可。’如此破越必矣。且夫无报人之志而令人疑之,拙也;有报人之意使人知之,殆也;事未发而先闻,危也。三者举事之大患。”勾践顿首再拜,曰:“孤尝不料力,乃与吴战,困于会稽,痛入于骨髓,日夜焦唇干舌,徒欲与吴王接踵而死,孤之愿也。”遂问子贡,子贡曰:“吴王为人猛暴,群臣不堪,国家敝于数战,士卒弗忍,百姓怨上,大臣内变;子胥以谏死,太宰嚭用事,顺君之过,以安其私,是残国之治也。今王诚发士卒佐之,以徼其志,重宝以说其心,卑辞以尊其礼,其伐齐必也。彼战不胜,王之福矣;战胜,必以兵临晋。臣请北面晋君,令共攻之,弱吴必矣。其锐兵尽于齐,重甲困于晋,而王制其敝,此灭吴必矣。”越王大说,许诺,送子贡金百镒、剑一、良矛二。子贡不受,遂行。

报吴王曰:“臣敬以大王之言告越王,越王大恐,曰:“孤不幸,少失先人,内不自量,抵罪于吴,军败身辱,栖于会稽。国为虚莽,赖大王之赐,使得奉俎豆而修祭祀,死不敢忘,何谋之敢虑!”后五日,越使大夫种顿首言于吴王曰:“东海役臣孤勾践使者臣种,敢修下吏问于左右,今窃闻大王将兴大义,诛强救弱,困暴齐而抚周室,请悉起境内士卒三千人,孤请自被坚执锐,以先受矢石,因越贱臣种奉先人藏器甲二十领、屈卢之矛、步光之剑,以贺军吏。”吴王大说,以告子贡曰:“越王欲身从寡人伐齐,可乎?”子贡曰:“不可,夫空人之国,悉人之众,又从其君,不义。君受其币,许其师,而辞其君。”吴王许诺,乃谢越王。于是吴王乃遂发九郡兵伐齐。

子贡因去之晋,谓晋君曰:“臣闻之:‘虑不先定,不可以应卒;兵不先辨,不可以胜敌。’今夫吴与齐将战。彼战而胜,越乱之必矣;与齐战而胜,必以其兵临晋!”晋君大恐,曰:“为之奈何?”子贡曰:“修兵休卒以待之。”晋君许诺。

子贡去而之鲁,吴王果与齐人战于艾陵,大破齐师,获七将军之兵而不归,果以兵临晋,与晋人相遇黄池之上。吴、晋争强,晋人击之,大败吴师。越王闻之,涉 袭吴,去城七里而军,吴王闻之,去晋而归,与越战于五湖。三战不胜,城门不守,越遂围王宫,杀夫差而戮其相。破吴三年,东向而霸。故子贡一出,存鲁、乱齐、破吴、旨晋而霸越,十年之中,五国各有变。直是纵横之祖,全不似圣贤门风。

【译文】

吴王发帖邀约诸侯,卫侯到得最晚,太宰伯嚭(春秋楚人,吴王夫差败越,句践派文种求和,越后灭吴,以嚭不忠诛杀)派吴兵包皮围卫侯所住的行馆。

子贡得知此事,去对伯嚭说:“卫侯赴约前一定和众臣商议过,众臣中也一定有人赞成,有人反对,意见分歧,所以卫侯才到得晚。赞成卫侯前来的大臣是您的朋友,持反对意见的就是您的敌人。今天您派兵包皮围卫侯行馆,这是背弃朋友、助长敌人声势的做法。”

伯嚭听了子贡这番话,就下令撤离包皮围卫侯行馆的人马。

田常(春秋齐人,即田恒,汉避孝文帝讳改恒为常)有篡国之心,但顾忌高、国,鲍、晏等齐国的大臣,所以打算讨伐鲁国以立威。孔子正在鲁国,听说田常将率兵伐鲁,对门下弟子说:“鲁国是我的祖国,现在情势危急,你们怎不想办法挽救鲁国呢?”子张(姓颛孙,名师)、子石(即公孙龙)都自愿出门游说,但孔子只答应子贡去。

子贡向孔子辞行后,便直接到齐国求见田常。子贡对田常说:“齐国出兵攻鲁,我以为是严重的错误,因为鲁国是个难以征服的国家。鲁国城墙低,城壁薄,国土狭小,君王懦弱,大臣愚昧,百姓又厌恶战争,所以我说难以征服;相国不如伐吴,吴国城墙高,城壁厚,国土辽阔,兵甲利,战将如云,这才容易征讨。”

田常一听,大为生气,说:“您说的困难,是一般人说的容易;您说的容易,却是一般人说的困难。为什么对我说这么荒谬的话呢?”

子贡说:“我听人说:‘国家内部有问题,要选择强国来攻击;相反的,国家外部有问题,则选择弱国来攻击。’打败鲁国,造成齐国疆域的扩张,只会使齐王骄傲,朝臣骄 ,功劳不在相国您个人身上,于是您在齐王心中的份量就减弱了。可这完全是您出兵的不当造成的,导致齐王高傲,大臣权重,您想要进一步成就什么大事,就困难了。更严重的是,还会进一步使您上与君王疏远,下与群臣争权,就连原有的地位也岌岌可危。所以我说不如出兵攻吴。伐吴不胜,齐国的兵力折损于战场,对您有威胁的大臣武将也消减一空,到时候,有能力掌握整个齐国的只有相国您一人了。”

田常脸色这才和缓下来,点头说道:“先生的分析虽有理,但我军已经开到鲁国边境,如果忽然命令军队伐吴,大臣们会起疑心,先生看该怎么办呢?”

子贡说:“相国先想办法拖住军队,我立即前往吴国,说服吴王为救鲁而伐齐,相国再出兵迎敌,这么一来,再聪明的大臣也不会怀疑相国的用心。”田常一口答应。

子贡辞别田常后,立即连夜赶往吴国,对吴王夫差说:“臣听说真正的王者不会灭绝别人的世族,真正的霸主没有可畏惧的敌人。千钧虽重,但是加一铢就可动摇。今天强齐伐弱鲁,摆明了和吴国争夺霸权,对王而言是一大威胁,大王为何不伐齐以救鲁呢?救鲁能彰显大王救绝存亡的仁名,伐齐能得到大利,泗水一带的各个小国可因此划入吴国手中,既击破有争霸实力的强齐,又可让强大的晋国望风臣服,还有什么比这个对吴国更有利的呢?再说大王以救鲁为名出兵,其实是为了击破齐国,有这个名义和机会,各国诸侯再厉害也无法质疑大王您出兵的正当性。”

吴王说:“好是好,不过本王曾与越大战一场,击败它之后把它安置在会稽。多年来勾践卧薪尝胆发奋图强,想对我进行报复。为除后患,待本王先伐越后救鲁。”

子贡说:“不行。越的实力好比鲁国,而吴和齐则是实力差不多的一级强国,等大王您击破越国,齐国也早已拿下鲁国了。再说大王是以存亡继绝的名义出兵伐齐,现在先讨伐小小的越国,会被看成吴国是惧怕齐国的强大,这不是勇敢的表现。真正的勇者不怕困难,真正的仁者不怕一时的困顿,真正的智者不会错失良机。今天先不灭越国,是对诸侯显示大王的仁德;为救鲁而伐齐,必能使晋国感受吴国国力的强大,其他诸侯也必会因吴国的强大而臣服,那么大王的霸业就来临了。如果大王实在放心不下,我愿为大王跑一趟越国,要越王出兵随大王伐齐,这样越国境内就无兵可用,大王也不用担心勾践会乘机报复了。”

吴王非常高兴。

子贡离开吴国后,立即前往越国。越王句践听说子贡要来,立即令人清扫道路,并在三十里外亲迎子贡,奉为上宾。

越王说:“越国地处偏僻,怎敢烦劳先生亲自前来!”

子贡说:“我来之前,曾想说服吴王救鲁伐齐,但吴王想出兵却担心越国趁机攻击吴国,坚持要灭越才肯伐齐,如此,越国灭亡便在旦夕之间。我听说,一个人如果没有报仇之心,却表现得让人怀疑,这是愚笨的;如果真有雪耻之心却让人识破,这是失败的;还没有行动就让人预测到,这是危险的。这三点都是成就大事的兵家大忌。”

句践赶忙跪下来向子贡求道:“孤曾不自量力和吴战于会稽,当年战败的惨状痛入骨髓,孤日夜寝食难忘、苦心焦思,就算与吴王同归于尽也心甘情愿。”

子贡说:“吴王好大喜功,群臣早就难以忍受,再加上吴国因连年争战,军士疲敝,百姓更是怨声载道。忠臣伍子胥因为劝说吴王而被杀害,剩下太宰一味讨好吴王,以满足自己私欲,这已是亡国的征兆。在只要大王肯发兵随吴王伐齐,迎合吴王称霸的野心;宝器赠予吴王,以卑词尊奉吴王,那么吴王一定出兵伐齐。吴王伐齐失败,就是大王雪耻之日;若伐齐成功,吴王一定乘胜伐晋。我去见晋君,请晋君伐吴,吴国以锐部队伐齐后再战强晋,一定元气大伤,这时大王就能乘机攻吴,定能洗雪会稽之耻。”

越王再次道谢,并赠子贡黄金百镒、宝剑一把、良矛二支,子贡坚持不受。

离开越国后,子贡又来到吴国,对吴王报告越国的态度:“臣把大王的话转告勾践,勾践惶恐万分,说:‘我勾践年少时不得父母教诲,自不量力,得罪于吴国,挑起战争,军队覆亡,身为囚虏,国家更险些灭亡。只因为吴王仁德的恩赐,才能保有祖先的宗庙和国家。对于吴王的恩德,至死不敢遗忘,怎么还有什么报复之心呢?”

五天后,越王派大夫文种至吴,文种向吴王跪拜,说:“东海贱臣勾践的使者文种特地前来拜见大王。勾践听说大王为伸张正义救鲁伐齐,特派下臣文种奉上先人所收藏的盔甲二十副,屈卢之矛、步光之剑,为大王壮军威,另选国内士兵三千人,恳请准许贱臣勾践披甲带剑,率军随大王出征,为大王先锋率先杀敌。”

吴王听了非常高兴,将勾践愿意随军出征的事告知子贡。子贡说:“不行。越王已让越国全部士兵随军出征,如果再让越王随军出征,就有些过份了,不如辞谢越王。”

吴王听取了子贡所言。

吴王出兵伐齐后,子贡又赶往晋国,对晋君说:“臣听说,‘人无远虑,必有近忧。’今吴伐齐,若齐王获胜,勾践一定会乘机洗雪会稽之耻;若吴获胜,一定趁势加兵于晋国。”      

晋君大惊,问子贡:“那怎么办才好?”

子贡说:“应该立刻召集军队,作好备战准备,以逸待劳来应付强敌。”

子贡回到鲁国后,吴王与齐兵战于艾陵,大破齐军,生擒齐将七名。果然没有返吴的打算,想乘胜攻晋,与晋军相遇于黄池。结果晋人大败吴军。越王听说吴王惨败,立即出兵偷袭吴国,在离吴都七里的地方扎营,吴王听说勾践发兵攻吴,立即下令班师回朝,与越王战于五湖,三战皆败,于是勾践围吴王宫,杀了夫差及伯嚭,终于洗雪会稽之耻。勾践在灭吴三年后,完成称霸诸侯的心愿。

子贡靠一张嘴,存鲁、乱齐、灭吴、强晋而霸越,十年之间五国的情势皆起了剧烈的变动。

[冯评译文]

子贡穿梭游说五国君王间,真可称得上是纵横家的开山祖师,完全没有一丝圣人仁义的门风。

728、鲁仲连

【原文】

秦围赵邯郸,诸侯莫敢先救。魏王使客将军辛垣衍间入邯郸,欲与赵尊秦为帝。鲁仲连适在赵,闻之,见平原君胜。胜为介绍,而见之于辛垣衍。鲁连见辛垣衍而无言,辛垣衍曰:“吾视居此围城之中者,皆有求于平原君者也,今观先生之玉貌,非有求于平原君者,曷为久居此围城之中而不去也?”鲁连曰:“秦弃礼义、上首功之国也,权使其士,虏使其民,彼肆然而为帝,则连有赴东海而死耳,不忍为之民也。所为见将军者,欲以助赵也。”辛垣衍曰:“助之奈何?”鲁连曰:“吾将使梁及燕助之,齐、楚固助之矣。”辛垣衍曰:“燕吾不知;若梁,则吾乃梁人也。先生恶能使梁助之耶?”鲁连曰:“梁未睹秦称帝之害故也,使睹秦称帝之害,则必助赵矣。”辛垣衍曰:“秦称帝之害奈何?”鲁连曰:“昔齐威王尝为仁义矣,率天下诸侯而朝周。周贫且微,诸侯莫朝,而齐独朝之。居岁余,周烈王崩,诸侯皆至,齐后往,周怒,赴于齐曰:‘天崩地坼,天子下席,东藩之臣田婴齐后至,则斩之!’威王勃然怒曰:‘叱嗟,而母婢也!’卒为天下笑。故生则朝周,死则叱之,诚不忍其求也。彼天子固然,其无足怪。”辛垣衍曰:“先生独未见夫仆乎?十人而从一人者,宁力不胜,智不若耶?畏之也!”鲁连曰:“梁之比于秦若仆耶?”[边批:激之。]辛垣衍曰:“然。”鲁连曰:“然则吾将使秦王烹醢梁王。”[边批:重激之。]辛垣衍怏然不悦,曰:“嘻,亦太甚矣,先生又恶能使秦王烹醢梁王?”鲁连曰:“固也,待吾言之。昔者鬼侯、鄂侯、文王,纣之三公也。鬼侯有子而好,故入之于纣,纣以为恶,醢鬼侯;鄂侯争之急,辩之疾,并脯鄂侯;文王闻而叹息,拘于羑里之库百日,而欲令之死。曷为与人俱称帝王,卒就脯醢之地也?齐湣王将之鲁,夷维子执策而从,谓鲁人曰:‘子将何以待吾君?’鲁人曰:‘吾将以十太牢待子之君。’夷维子曰:‘吾君,天子也。天子巡狩,诸侯避舍,纳管键,摄衽抱几,视膳于堂下,天子已食,退而听朝也。’鲁人投其钥,不果纳。将之薛,假途于邹,当是时,邹君死,湣王欲入吊,夷维子谓邹之孤曰:‘天子吊,主人必将倍殡柩,设北面于南方,然后天子南面吊也。’邹之群臣曰:‘必若此,吾将伏剑而死。’故不敢入于邹。邹,鲁之臣,生则不能事养,死则不得饭含,[边批:为齐强横故。]然且欲行天子之礼于邹、鲁之臣,不果纳。今秦万乘之国,梁亦万乘之国, 有称王之名,睹其一胜而胜,欲从而帝之,是使三晋之大臣,未如邹、鲁之仆妾也,且秦无已而帝,则且变易诸侯之大臣,彼将夺其所谓不肖,而予其所谓贤,夺其所憎,而予其所爱,彼又将使其子女谗妾为诸侯妃姬,处梁之宫,梁王安得晏然而已乎?而将军又何以得故 乎?”于是辛垣衍起,再拜谢曰:“吾乃今知先生为天下之士也,吾请去,不敢复言帝秦矣。”秦将闻之,为却军五十里。

[述]

苏轼曰:“仲连辩过仪、秦,气凌髡、衍,排难解纷,功成而逃赏,实战国一人而已。”

穆文熙曰:“仲连挫帝秦之说,而秦将为之却军,此《淮南》之所谓‘庙战’也。”

【译文】

秦兵围攻赵都邯郸,诸侯都不愿意带头出兵救赵。魏王派客将辛垣衍(复姓辛垣,《资治通鉴》作新垣衍)由小道入邯郸城,想与赵王相约一起尊秦王为帝,借以解邯郸之围。

鲁仲连(战国齐人,好策划,为人正直,操守高)当时正好在赵国,听说魏国想游说赵王尊秦王为帝,就去见平原君(战国赵武灵王儿子,名胜,封于平原,故号平原君)。平原君介绍鲁仲连与辛垣衍见面。

鲁仲连见了辛垣衍,竟一言不发。辛垣衍说:“我本以为凡是住在邯郸的人,都是有求于平原君而来,但我仔细观察先生的举动,并非有求于平原君,真不知道先生为什么待在这围城内久住不走?”

鲁仲连说:“秦国是个背弃礼义、只知崇尚杀人的战功、用权术操纵士大夫、把百姓当隶般使唤的国家。秦王果真称帝,那我宁可投东海而死,我可不愿意作秦王的顺民。今天我来见将军,目的就是想对赵国有所帮助。”

辛垣衍说:“请问先生要怎样帮赵国呢?”

鲁仲连说:“我准备再说服魏、燕两国援赵,而齐、楚两国已经答应了。”

辛垣衍说:“燕国的动向我不清楚,至于魏,我就是魏国人,不知先生怎么可能使魏援赵呢?”

鲁仲连说:“这是因为魏国还没有看见秦国称帝的害处,假使能明了其中的害处,魏王一定会发兵救赵。”

辛垣衍说:“那你说秦王称帝的害处在哪里呢?”

鲁仲连说:“以前齐威王推行仁政,率天下诸侯朝拜周天子,当时的周既穷又弱,天下诸侯都不肯朝贡,只有齐国肯称臣进贡。但过了一年多,周威烈王驾崩,诸侯都前去吊丧,可是齐国却最后到达,周王大怒,派使臣警告齐王说:‘天子驾崩,新即位的天子服丧,而东藩之臣齐国的田婴竟迟来奔丧,依法当斩!’齐威王一听,生气的说:“呸!周王只不过是一个贱婢所生的才罢了!’整个事件成了个大笑话。齐国在周天子生前去朝拜他,死后却如此辱骂他,实在是因为做不到周天子所要求的诸侯义务。对真正的天子尚且如此,你以为把秦奉为天子不会发生类似的笑话吗?”

辛垣衍说:“先生难道没有见过仆人吗,十个人服侍一个人,并不是真的因为力气和智慧不如主人,而是出于畏惧。”

鲁仲连说:“那么魏国和秦国的关系,就如同主、仆吗?”

辛垣衍说:“是的。”

鲁仲连说:“好。那我有办法叫秦王杀魏王,把魏王剁成肉酱。”

辛垣衍很不高兴,说:“先生也未免太夸大了,你又怎能叫秦王杀魏王呢?”

鲁仲连说:“我当然做得到,请将军听我解释。当年鬼侯(《史记》作九侯)、鄂侯、文王,是殷纣王的三公。鬼侯有个女儿长得很漂亮,于是献给纣王,可是纣王却不喜欢她,结果纣王就把鬼侯杀了,剁成肉酱;鄂侯为这件事向纣王谏言,辩论,结果纣王又把鄂侯杀死,晒成肉干;文王听说这两件惨事以后,忍不住长叹一声,结果竟被纣王囚禁在羑里的仓库里有一百天,想困死他。这不就正是有拥护人为帝王,结果反倒被杀死,晒成肉干,剁成肉酱的往事吗?

“齐闵王要去鲁国时,夷维子负责驾车,他对鲁国人说:‘你们准备接待我的国君?’鲁人说:‘我们用十头牛款待你们国君。’夷维子说:‘我们国君是天子,天子到各地巡行狩猎时,诸侯都要搬出王宫住在外面, 出国库的钥匙,并且撩起衣裳,端着桌几亲自在殿堂下侍候天子进餐,天子吃完,诸侯才能退下。’鲁人一听,就不让齐闵王入境,以致齐王只有改从邹国前往薛国。

“正巧碰到邹君逝世,齐闵王要去吊丧,夷维子对邹君手下说:‘天子来吊丧,丧家必须把灵柩摆放为坐北朝南,然后请天子立于南方之位祭吊。’邹国的臣子说:“如果一定要我们这样做,我们宁可伏剑而死。’因此齐闵王君臣也不敢进入邹国。

“邹、鲁两国的臣子,虽迫于齐国的威当君主在世时不得奉养,君主死了不得含殓,但是要以他们行朝拜天子的大礼,他们仍不肯让齐闵王进入自己的国家。

“今天秦国是拥有万辆兵车的大国,魏也是万辆大国,两国互相称帝称王。但是见秦国打了一场胜仗,就想尊秦王为帝,这是三晋的一干文武大臣,还远不如邹、鲁这两个小国的臣民气节高尚。

“再说秦王称帝之后,必定更换诸侯大臣,罢黜他所谓的不肖臣子,把官位赐给他心目中的贤臣子,削夺他所憎恨的人的官职,任命他所喜欢的人为官,同时也一定会要他的女儿作诸侯的妃子住在魏宫,魏王又怎能耳根清静,而将军又怎能常享荣 呢?”

辛垣衍听完鲁仲连这番话,立刻起身拜谢说:“我一直以为鲁先生只是个平凡人,现在我才明白先生是天下奇人,我现在就回魏国,再也不谈论尊秦王为帝的事。”

秦国将军听说这事后,下令秦军后退五十里。

[述译]

苏轼说,鲁仲连的辩才超过张仪、苏秦,气势驾凌淳于髡(战国齐人,有辩才)、公孙衍,排除国境解救危难,达成使命却不居功邀赏,在战国谋士中才智操守无人可比。

穆文熙说,鲁仲连把不能尊秦为帝的理由说得淋漓尽致,使得秦将退军五十里,这就是《淮南子》所说的“庙战”了。

729、虞卿

【原文】

秦攻赵于长平,大破之,引兵而归,因使人索六城于赵而讲。赵计未定,楼缓新从秦来,赵王与楼缓计之曰:“与秦城何如?不与何如?”楼缓辞让曰:“此非臣之所能知也。”王曰:“虽然,试言公之私。”楼缓曰:“王亦闻夫公甫文伯母乎?公甫文伯官于鲁,病死,妇人为之自杀于房中者二八人。其母闻之,不哭也,相室曰:‘焉有子死而不哭者乎?’其母曰:‘孔子,贤人也,逐于鲁,是人不随。今死而妇人为死者十六人,若是者,其于长者薄,而于妇人厚。’故从母言之,为贤母也;从妇言之,必不免于妒妇也。故其言一也,言

者异,则人心变矣。今臣新从秦来,而言‘勿与’,则非计也;言‘与之’,则恐王以臣之为秦也。故不敢对。使臣得为王计之,不如予之。”王曰:“诺。”

虞卿闻之,入见王。王以楼缓言告之,虞卿曰:“此饰说也。”王曰:“何谓也?”虞卿曰:“秦之攻赵也,倦而归乎?王以其力尚能进,爱王而不攻乎?”王曰:“秦之攻我也,不遗余力矣,必以倦而归也。”虞卿曰:“秦以其力攻其所不能取,倦而归,王又以其力之所不能攻而资之,是助秦自攻也。来年秦复攻王,王无以救矣。”

王以虞卿之言告楼缓,楼缓曰:“虞卿能尽知秦力之所至乎?诚知秦力之所不至,此弹丸之地犹不予也!今秦来复攻,王得无割其内而媾乎?”王曰:“诚听子割矣,子能必来年秦之不复攻我乎?”楼缓对曰:“此非臣之所敢任也,昔日三晋之 于秦,相善也,今秦释韩、魏而独攻王,王之所以事秦,必不如韩、魏也。今臣为足下解负亲之攻,启关通币,齐 韩、魏。至来年,而王独不取于秦,王之所以事秦者,必在韩、魏之后也。此非臣之所以敢任也。”

王以楼缓之言告虞卿,虞卿曰:“楼缓言‘不媾,来年秦复攻王’,得无更割其内而媾;今媾,楼缓又不能必秦之不复攻也。虽割何益,来年复攻,又割其力之所不能陛而媾也。此自尽之术也。不如无媾,秦虽善攻,不能取六城;赵虽不能守,亦不至失六城。秦倦而归,兵必罢,我以六城收天下,以攻罢秦,是我失之于天下,而取偿于秦也。吾国尚利,孰与坐而割地,自弱以强秦?今楼缓曰:‘秦善韩、魏而攻赵者,必王之事秦不如韩、魏也。’是使王岁以六城事秦也,即坐而地尽矣。来年秦复求割地,王将予之乎?不予,则是弃前资而挑秦祸也;与之,则无地而给之。语曰:‘强者善攻,而弱者不能自守。’今坐而听秦,秦兵不敝而多得地,是强秦而弱赵也。以益强之秦,而割愈弱之赵,其计固不止矣!且秦虎狼之国也,无礼义之心,其求无已。而王之地有尽,以有尽之地,给无已之求,其势必无赵矣。故曰:‘饰说也,王必勿与!’ ”王曰:“诺。”

楼缓闻之,入见于王,王又以虞卿之言告之,楼缓曰:“不然,虞卿得其一,未知其二也。秦、赵构难,而天下皆说。何也?曰:我将因强而乘弱。今赵兵困于秦,天下之贺战胜者,则必在于秦矣。故不若亟割地求和,以疑天下,慰秦心;不然,天下将因秦之怒,乘赵之敝而瓜分之。[边批:主连衡者皆持此说为恐吓,却被虞卿喝破。]赵且亡,何秦之图,王以此断之,勿复计也。”

虞卿闻之,又入见王曰:“危矣,楼子之为秦也!夫赵兵困于秦,又割地为和,是愈疑天下,而何慰秦心哉!不亦大示天下弱乎!且臣曰勿与者,非固勿予而已也,秦索六城于王,王以六城赂齐。齐、秦之深仇也,得王六城,并力而西击秦也!齐之听王,不待辩之毕也。是王失于齐,而取偿于秦,一举结三国之亲,而与秦易道也。”

赵王曰:“善。”因发虞卿东见齐王,与之谋秦。虞卿未反,秦之使者已在赵矣。楼缓闻之,逃去。

[评]

从来议割地之失,未有痛切快畅于此者!

【译文】

秦国在长平大败赵军,向赵国索取六城,做为和谈的条件。赵王还没有作出决定,这时楼缓(战国赵人,原为赵臣,后往秦国任秦相)从秦国回来,于是赵王就和他商量:“你认为给秦国六城好呢,还是不给好呢?”楼缓推辞说:“这不是臣所能知道的。”赵王说:“没关系,就说说你个人的看法好了。”

楼缓于是说:“我想王一定知道公甫文伯(春秋末年人,鲁国上卿)母亲的事吧?公甫文伯在鲁国做官,当他病死后,有十六位妇人为他自杀,他母亲知道儿子的死讯后不哭。有个老仆说:‘世上哪有儿子死了不哭的道理?’他母亲说:‘孔子是圣人,当被鲁国放逐时,我的儿子不追随孔子一起离开。现在我儿子死了,竟有十六位妇人为他自杀,可见他不懂得轻近贤人,心思完全摆在女人身上。’做为一位母亲能说出这种话,就知道是位贤母。但若是由他妻子口中说出,别人一定会误会在吃醋。所以,同样一句话,由于说话的人不同,听的人反应也不同。现在臣刚从秦国回来,如果臣说不要答应秦的要求,就不算是为君王献计;如果说给秦六城,又怕君王误会臣是秦王说客,所以臣才不敢回答。假使君王一定要臣拿个主意,臣认为最好还是给秦六城。”

赵王说:“好。”

虞卿(《战国策》作虞庆,赵国上卿)知道后,去见赵王。赵王把楼缓的话告诉他,他说:“楼缓在巧辩。”

赵王说:“怎么说呢?”

虞卿说:“君王认为,秦攻赵是由于力气耗尽而撤兵,还是仍有进攻能力,只为保留您的情面才撤兵呢?”

赵王说:“秦兵进攻时已动用全部兵力,必然是因为兵疲才撤兵。”

虞卿说:“秦尽了最大的努力,也没攻下赵国一城,最后因为疲力竭而撤兵。现在君王竟愿意割让秦兵所不能攻下的六城,这是帮助秦兵攻打赵国。假使明年秦兵再入侵,那赵国就真的没救了。”

赵王把虞卿的话告诉楼缓,楼缓说:“虞卿能完全了解秦国真正的实力吗?如果不割这区区六城之地给秦,明年若秦兵再攻赵国,恐怕要割让的就不只是六城。”

赵王说:“寡人愿意采纳贤卿的意见割城,但贤卿能否保证秦兵不再攻赵呢?”

楼缓说:“臣不敢保证,以前三晋跟秦国建 ,韩、赵、魏和秦的邦 都很好。如今秦只发兵攻赵,这就证明君王对待秦国,远不如韩、魏殷勤友善;现在臣为君王化解,但若往后赵国自己又背弃盟约,并且大开关卡,派使者拉拢韩、魏,惹来秦兵再次攻赵,那就证明君王对秦王远不如韩、魏两国忠诚,所以臣不敢保证。”

赵王又把楼缓的话告诉虞卿,虞卿说:“楼缓说如果不割城讲和,明年秦兵会再攻赵,到那时还要割更多的城池给秦;但现在如果割城讲和,楼缓又不能保证秦兵不再入侵,所以即使割城给秦,又能得到什么好处呢?来年秦兵再攻赵,再割秦兵所攻不下的城池讲和,这是赵国自取灭亡。所以不如根本不讲和。秦国武力虽强,却攻不下赵国六城;赵军虽弱,但也不致于一战失陷六城,秦国既然由于力竭而撤兵,那现在的秦兵一定疲累不堪,假如赵国现在用六城和天下诸侯结盟,趁机攻打秦国,就等于把割让给诸侯的土地再从秦国取回来。您说,是这么做有利,还是割地助长秦国威势而削弱自己力量有利呢?现在楼缓说:‘秦攻赵是因为君王事秦不如韩,魏恭顺。’这等于要君王用六城来事秦。假如明年秦再要求土地,请问君王要不要给呢?假如不给,就等于自毁割六城得来的邦 ,再次挑起祸端;如果给,赵国还有多少城可以给呢?俗话说:‘强者善攻,而弱者不能自守。’现在若听秦摆布,让秦不发一箭而得六城,这是壮大秦国削弱自己的做法。秦是狼虎之国,君臣不讲信义,秦王的欲望 永远没有满足的时候,但君王的土地有限,以赵国有限的土地来应付秦国无尽的欲望 ,很快的,赵国就完全没有了。所以臣认为楼缓是巧辩,王千万不能答应割城。”

赵王说:“贤卿分析得极有道理。”

楼缓听到消息后又晋见赵王,他说:“虞卿只知其一,不知其二,秦、赵 战,天下诸侯都乐在心里,这是出于‘我将依附在强者之后趁机欺凌弱者’的心理。今天秦败赵军,天下诸侯必会纷纷派使者到秦国恭贺胜利者,如果赵国不赶紧割地求和,取悦秦国,进而缓和秦、赵之间的关系,并借此让虎视一旁的各国相信秦、赵已成盟国,恐怕天下诸侯会利用秦对赵的愤怒,乘赵国疲惫不堪时瓜分赵国土地,到时赵国都已灭亡了,还侈谈什么结盟诸侯呢?希望君王不要再三心二意。”

虞卿听说以后,又晋见赵王说:“楼缓完全为秦国设想,这实在太可怕了。赵败于秦又割地求和,这只会更使天下诸侯怀疑秦、赵之间的关系,哪里能取悦秦国而依靠秦国的威势立国呢?这不是更摆明了告诉天下诸侯,赵国衰弱不堪、屈辱求和的弱者模样么?再说臣不主张割地,并非只是消极的不给而已,而是有反击的策略在里头。秦向赵索六城,君王可以用六城贿赂齐国,加深齐、秦两国的仇恨。齐王得六城后,就会与我军合力攻秦,那时齐国绝对会听从王的号令,这是必然的道理,等于是把给齐国的土地由秦国那儿取回,并且一举和三个大国会盟,而秦、赵优劣的情况马上完全改观。”

赵王说:“贤卿分析得极为高明。”

于是赵王派虞卿东去齐国,缔结盟约合力攻秦。虞卿还没有从齐国回来,秦国的使臣已经来到赵国重新谈判,楼缓马上闻风而逃。

[评译文]

从来议论割地求和的弊端,没有像虞卿这般痛快淋漓的。

730、苏代

【原文】

雍氏之役,韩征甲与粟于周,周君患之,告苏代。苏代曰:“何患焉?代能为君令韩不征甲与粟于周,又能为君得高都。”周君大悦,曰:“子苟能,寡人请以国听。”苏代往见韩相国公仲,曰:“公不闻楚计乎?昭应谓楚王曰:‘韩氏罢于兵,仓廪空,无以守城。吾攻之以饥,不过一月,必拔之。’今围雍氏五月不能拔,是楚病也,楚王始不信昭应之计矣,今公乃征甲与粟于周,是告楚病也。昭应闻此,必劝楚王益兵守雍氏,雍氏必拔。”公仲曰:“善。然吾使者已行矣。”代曰:“公何不以高都与周?”公仲怒曰:“吾无征甲与粟于周,亦已多矣,何为与高都?”代曰:“与之高都,则周必折而入于韩;秦闻之,必大怒,而焚周之节,不通其使,是公以敝高都得完周也。”公仲曰:“善。”不征甲与粟于周,而与高都,楚卒不拔雍氏而去。

田需死,昭鱼谓苏代曰:“田需死,吾恐张仪、薛公、犀首之有一人相魏者。”代曰:“然则相者以谁而君便之也?”昭鱼曰:“吾欲太子之自相也。”代曰:“请为君北见梁王,必相之矣。”昭鱼曰:“奈何?”代曰:“若其为梁王,代请说君。”昭鱼曰:“奈何?”对曰:“代也从楚来,昭鱼甚忧。代曰:‘君何忧?’曰:‘田需死,吾恐张仪、薛公、犀首有一人相魏者。’代曰:‘勿忧也。梁王,长主也,必不相张仪。张仪相魏,必右秦而左魏;薛公相魏,必右齐而左魏;犀首相魏,必右韩而左魏。梁王长主也,必不使相也。’王曰:‘然则寡人孰相?’代曰:‘莫如太子之自相,是三人皆以太子为非固相也,皆将务以其国事魏,而欲丞相之玺。以魏之强,而持三万乘之国辅之,魏必安矣。故曰:如太子之自相也!’ ”遂先见梁王,以此语告之,太子果自相。

【译文】

楚国攻打韩国的雍氏(地名),韩国向西周调兵征粮,周天子感到十分苦恼,跟苏代(战国洛人,苏秦弟)商量。苏代说:“王不必烦恼,臣能替大代王解决这个难题,臣不但能使韩国不向西周调兵征粮,还能让王得到韩国的高都(又作郜都,在今河南省洛县西南)。”周王听了这话,非常高兴的说:“如果贤卿能为寡人解难,那么以后寡人的国事都听从贤卿的意见。”

于是苏代前往韩国,拜见相国公仲侈说:“难道相国没有听说楚国的计划吗?楚将昭应曾对楚怀王说:‘韩国因连年争战,兵疲马困,仓库空虚,没有力量固守城池。假如我军乘韩国粮食不足时,率兵攻打韩国的雍氏,那么不用一个月就可以占领雍氏了。’如今楚国围雍氏已有五个月,可是仍然没能攻下,这也证明楚国已疲惫不堪,而楚王也开始怀疑昭应的说法。现在相国竟然向西调兵征粮,这不是明明告诉楚国,韩国已经疲力竭了,昭应知道以后,一定会请楚王增兵包皮围雍氏,雍氏就守不住了。”

公仲侈说:“先生的见解很高明,可是我派的使者已经出发了。”

苏代说:“相国为什么不把高都送给西周呢?”

公仲侈很生气的说:“我不向西周调兵征粮已经够好了,凭什么还要送给西周高都呢?”

苏代说:“假如相国能把高都送给西周,那么西周一定会与韩国邦 笃厚,秦国知道后,必然大为震怒,而焚毁西周的符节(在春秋战国时代,使者出使都要带符节,以便核对验证,所以焚烧符节,就代表两国断绝邦 ),断绝使臣的往来。换句话说,相国只要用一个贫困的高都,就可以换一个完整的西周,相国为什么不愿意呢?”

公仲侈说:“先生的确高明。”

于是公仲侈决定不但不向西周调兵征粮,并且把高都送给西周,楚国也就退兵而去。

魏相田需死了,楚相昭鱼(即昭奚恤)对苏代说:“田需死了,我担心张仪、薛公(战国赵人,曾隐居于卖桨人家,为魏公子无忌所敬重)、公孙衍等人中有一人出任魏相。”

苏代说:“那么你认为由谁作魏相,对你比较有利呢?”

昭鱼说:“我希望由太子(即后来的魏昭王)自己出任宰相。”

苏代说:“我为你北走见魏王,必能使太子出任宰相。”

昭鱼说:“先生要怎么说呢?”

苏代说:“你当魏王,我来说服你。”

昭鱼说:“那我们现在就试试。”

苏代说:“臣这次由楚国来时,楚相昭鱼非常担忧,臣问他:‘相国担心什么?’昭鱼说:‘魏相田需死了,我担心张仪、薛公、犀首(原为古官名,因公孙衍曾任此官,后为公孙衍别称)等人中必有一人出任宰相。’臣说:‘相国不用担心,魏王是位明君,一定不会任用张仪为相,因为张仪出任魏相,就会亲秦而远魏;薛公为魏相,必会亲齐而远魏;犀首为魏相,必会亲韩而远魏。魏王是明君,一定不会任命他们为相。’臣又说:‘最好由太子自己出任宰相,因为他们三人知道太子早晚会登基为王,出任宰相只是暂时性的,为想得到宰相的宝座,他们必会极力拉拢与自己亲近的国家与魏结 ,凭魏国强大的国势,再加上三个万乘之国的盟邦极力靠拢,魏国必然安全稳固,所以说不如由太子出任宰相。’ ”

于是苏代北去见魏王,惠王果然任命太子为宰相,

73!”、陈轸

【原文】

陈轸去楚之秦,张仪谓秦王曰:“陈轸为王臣,常以国情输楚,仪不能与从事,愿王逐之,即复之楚,愿王杀之!”王曰:“轸安敢之楚也?”王召陈轸告之曰:“吾能听子,子欲何之,请为子约车。”对曰:“臣愿之楚。”王曰:“仪以子为之楚,吾又自知子之楚,子非楚且安之也。”轸曰:“臣出,必故之楚,以顺王与仪之策,而明臣之楚与否也。楚人有两妻者,人誂其长者,长者詈之;誂其少者,少者许之。居无几何,有两妻者死。客谓誂者曰:‘汝取长者乎,少者乎?’‘取长者。’客曰:‘长者詈汝,少者和汝,汝何为取长者?’曰:‘居彼人之所,则欲其许我也,今为我妻,则欲其为詈人也。’今楚王,明主也;而昭,贤相也。轸为人臣,而常以国情输楚,楚王必不留臣,昭将不与臣从事矣,以此明臣之楚与不。”轸出,张仪入,问王曰:“陈轸果安之?”王曰:“夫轸,天下之辩士也,熟视寡人曰:‘轸必之楚。’寡人遂无奈何也。寡人因问曰:‘子必之楚也,则仪之言果信也。’轸曰:‘非独仪之言,行道之人皆知之。昔者子胥忠其君,天下皆欲以为臣;孝己爱其亲,天下皆欲以为子。故卖仆妾不出里巷而取者,良仆妾也;出妇嫁于乡里者,善妇也。臣不忠于王,楚何以轸为忠?忠且见弃,轸不之楚而何之乎?’ ”王以为然,遂善待之。

【译文】

陈轸(战国楚人,游说之士)离开楚国前往秦国,张仪对秦惠王说:“陈轸身为臣子,竟然经常把秦国的国情透露给楚国,臣不愿和这种人同朝共事。希望大王能把他赶出朝廷,如果他说想要回楚国,那大王就把他杀掉!”

秦惠王说:“陈轸怎么敢明说要回楚国去呢?”接着召来陈轸说:“寡人愿意尊重贤卿的意见,只要贤卿说出愿意前往的国家,寡人立即命人为贤卿准备车马。”

陈轸回答说:“臣愿意回楚国。”

惠王说:“张仪认为你一定会回楚国,而寡人也料到你将回楚国,再说你如果不去楚国,又能在哪儿安身呢?”

陈轸说:“臣离开秦以后,一定特意回到楚国,一方面顺从大王和张仪的策略,而且可以表明臣以前是否和楚国有私下的 道。有个楚国人娶了两个妻子,有人去调戏年纪较大的妻子,她就骂这人登徒子(好色之人);那个登徒子去挑逗年轻妻子时,她却欣然接受,没多久,楚人死了,有客人问登徒子说:‘在这两个寡妇 中,你会娶年纪大的还是那个年轻的呢?’登徒子说:‘我娶年纪大的。’客人问:‘年纪大的曾经骂过你,而年轻的那位却顺从你,你为什么反倒要娶年纪大的呢?’登徒子说:‘当他们是别人妻 子时,我希望她们能接受我的挑逗;但是一旦是我的妻子,我就喜欢当初拒绝我的那位。’现在楚王是位贤明的君王,而宰相昭也是位贤臣,我陈轸身为大王的臣子,如果经常把国事泄漏给楚王,那么楚王此次必定不会收留臣,而昭也不会愿意跟臣同朝共事,如此就可明白臣以前是否和楚国有所私通了。”

陈轸离宫后,张仪就问秦王:“请问大王,陈轸到底要去哪里?”

秦王说:“陈轸真是天下一流的雄辩家,他注视着寡人说:‘臣一定会回楚国的。’寡人对他也无可奈何,于是接着问他说:‘你既然打算会回楚国,那张仪的话就可以相信了。’陈轸说:‘不但张仪知道我会回楚,随便哪个人也都知道。从前伍子胥对他的君王很忠贞,天下君王都希望他做自己的臣子;孝己孝敬他的双亲,因此天下父母都希望他是自己的儿子。所以当人卖仆妾时,如果邻居肯买,那就证明是好仆妾;被休了的妻子,如果改嫁到本乡,就证明她是位好妻子。臣如果不忠于王,那楚王又要臣做什么,臣如此忠君爱国,仍然得不到大王的信任,那臣不回楚国,又将去哪里?”

于是秦王慰留陈轸,并善加对待。

732、触龙

【原文】

秦攻赵,赵王新立,太后用事,求救于齐。齐人曰:“必以长安君为质。”太后不可,齐师不出。大臣强谏,太后怒甚,曰:“有复言者,老妇必唾其面。”左师触龙请见,曰:“贱息舒祺最少,不肖,而臣衰,窃爱之,愿得补黑衣之缺,以卫王宫,愿及臣未填沟壑而托之。”太后曰:“丈夫亦爱少子乎?”对曰:“甚于妇人。”太后笑曰:“妇人异甚。”对曰:“老臣窃以为媪之爱燕后,贤于长安君。”太后曰:“君过矣,不如长安君之甚。”左师曰:“父母爱其子,则为之计深远。媪之送燕后也,持其踵而哭,念其远也,亦哀之矣,已行,非不思也,祭祀则祝之曰:‘必勿使反。’岂非为之计长久,愿子孙相继为王也哉?”太后曰:“然。”左师曰:“今三世以前,至于赵王之子孙为侯者,其继有在者乎?”曰:“无有。”曰:“此其近者祸及身,远者及其子孙,岂人主之子,侯则不善!位尊而无功,奉厚而无劳,而挟重器多也。今媪尊长安之位,封以膏腴之地,多与之重器,而不及今令有功于赵,一旦山陵崩,长安君何以自托于赵哉?”太后曰:“诺,恣君之所使之。”于是为长安君约车百乘,质于齐。齐师乃出,秦师退。

【译文】

赵孝成王刚登位,年纪尚轻,赵太后(惠文王之后)掌理朝政,秦国就发兵攻赵,情况非常危急,赵国向齐国求援。齐王说:“一定要用长安君(孝成王同母弟)作人质,齐国才愿意出兵救赵。”可是太后不答应。

大臣们都极力劝谏,太后却明白的告诉侍臣说:“如果再有人劝我要长安君做为齐国人质,我就往他脸上吐口水。”

这时左师(官名)触龙(战国赵人)请见赵太后说:“臣有一个小儿子名叫舒祺,年纪小没有出息,但臣却很疼爱他,现在臣年纪大了,希望能让他补卫士缺来保卫王宫,臣希望趁自己尚在世时让小儿子有个依靠。”

赵太后说:“男人也会这么疼爱小儿子吗?”

左师说:“比做母亲的还要疼爱呢。”

赵太后笑着说:“母亲才疼得厉害。”

左师说:“臣以为太后疼爱燕后远超过爱长安君。”

赵太后说:“你错了,我疼爱燕后远不如爱长安君。”

左师说:“父母既然疼爱子女,就要替他们作长远计划。当燕后出嫁时,太后拉着燕后哭,为她的远离而悲伤,这该算是很疼爱她的了。她既然已经出嫁了,虽说每天都在想念她,可是在祭祀时,却一定要为她祝福说:‘不要让她回来。这是为她的长远作打算,希望她的子孙能继承王位。”

赵太后说:“是的。”

左师说:“现在追溯三代以前,赵国开国时子孙被封侯的,今天有还存在的吗?”

赵太后说:“没有了。”

左师说:“这其实是和他们身份地位与功迹的不成比例有关。所以灾祸来得快一些的,第一代就遭殃了,就算灾祸出现得慢些,迟早也要落到后代子孙身上。难道国君的子孙一定都是坏的吗?只因为他们爵位高但无功迹,俸禄厚但不做事,所拥有的宝器太多。现在太后一再提高长安君的爵位,把肥沃的土地都封给他,又赐给他许多国宝,假如不乘现在让他为国立功,有一天太后崩逝,长安君如何在赵国立足呢?臣觉得太后不曾替长安君作久远打算,所以臣才认为,太后爱长安君远不如爱燕后。”

太后说:“好吧,就随你们的意思,派他到齐国作人质吧。”

于是赵国替长安君准备了一百辆兵车随长君到齐国作人质,齐国发兵救赵,秦军退。

733、庸芮

【原文】

秦宣太后爱魏丑夫。太后病将死,出令曰:“为我葬,必以魏子为殉。”魏子患之,庸芮为魏子说太后曰:“以死者为有知乎?”太后曰:“无知也。”曰:“若太后之神灵,明知死者之无知矣,何为空以生所爱葬于无知之死人哉?若死者有知,先王积怒之日久矣,太后救过不赡,何暇私魏丑夫乎?”太后曰:“善。”乃止。

【译文】

秦宣太后(惠王之后,昭襄王之母)特别 爱魏丑夫。太后重病将死,下令说:“日后你们为我办后事时,必须让魏丑夫殉葬。”

魏丑夫听后很害怕,就赶紧和朝臣庸芮商量。

庸芮对宣太后说:“太后认为人死了以后,还能有知觉吗?”

宣太后说:“没有知觉。”

庸芮说:“像太后这样贤慧的人,明知人死后不再有知觉,那为什么要把自己生前所 爱的人殉葬在已经毫无知觉的死人旁边呢?假如人死后还能有知觉,那先王对太后这些年来的行为,所郁积的愤怒已经很久了,届时太后补救过失恐怕还来不及,哪还有 爱魏丑夫的时间呢?”

宣太后说:“贤卿说得很对。”于是打消以后要魏丑夫殉葬的意思。

734、狄仁杰

【原文】

武承嗣、三思营求为太子,狄仁杰从容言于太后曰:“姑侄与母子孰亲?陛下立子,则千秋万岁后配食太庙;若立侄,则未闻侄为天子,而祔姑于庙者也。”太后乃寤。

[述评]

议论到十分醒快处,虽欲不从而不可得。庐陵反正,虽因鹦鹉折翼及双陆不胜之梦,实姑侄子母之 说有以动之。

凡恋生前,未有不计死后者。

时王方庆居相位,以其子为眉州司士参军,天后问曰:“君在相位,子何远乎?”对曰:“庐陵是陛下爱子,今犹在远;臣之子,安敢相近?”此亦可谓善讽矣。然慈主可以情动,明主当以理格,则天明而不慈,故梁公辱昌宗而不怒。进张柬之而不疑,皆因其明而用之。

【译文】

武则天(唐高宗之后,高宗崩中宗立,后临朝听政,后废中宗、睿宗自立为帝,改国号周)想在武承嗣(官累至左相)、武三思(武后侄,善逢迎)中立一人为太子。狄仁杰(太原人,字怀英)知道武后的想法,对武后说:“姑侄与母子,哪两种关系较为亲密?陛下立自己儿子为太子,那么即使太后崩逝后,仍能拥有自己的宗庙,享受万代子孙太牢的供奉;若太后立武三思等人为太子,三思是太后侄儿,臣从未听说侄儿成为天子后,会在太庙中供奉姑的。”太后于是明白过来。

[述评译文]

狄仁杰对武后所说的这番话,真是一针见血,说到武后心中痛处,武后想不理会都不行。武后后来立庐陵为太子,虽说和梦到鹦鹉折断翅膀以及玩双陆棋不胜的梦境有关,但从根本上却是被狄仁杰这番姑侄、母子的议论所打动。

大凡生前贪恋荣乐的人,很少不在意死后的尊荣的。

王方庆位居宰相时,武后曾询问他,何以会允许自己的儿子被派远赴眉州当司士参军(官名,唐于州设置司士参军掌桥梁、住屋建造)。王方庆回答说:“庐陵是陛下疼爱的儿子,尚且远在他乡,臣的儿子怎敢留在身边?”这也可说是对武后的一次很好的讽谏。

然而,有感性的君王,人臣进谏可以动之以情;有理性的君王,人臣进谏可以说之以理。所以狄仁杰虽曾以言辞侮辱张昌宗(张易之弟,貌美通晓音律,深得武后 信)而不会因此激怒武后,举用张柬之(襄人,字孟将)而不会受到武后疑心不忠,就因为武后是个理性的人。

735、陆贾 齐地王先生

【原文】

平原君朱建,为人刚正而有口。辟侯得幸吕太后,欲知建,建不肯见。及建母死,贫未有以发丧。方假贷,陆贾素善建,乃令建发丧,而身见辟侯,贺之曰:“平原君母死。”[边批:奇语。]辟侯曰:“平原君母死,何乃贺我?”贾曰:“前君侯欲知平原君,平原君义不知君,以其母故。夫相知者,当相恤其灾危,今其母死,君诚厚送丧,则彼为君死矣。”辟侯乃奉百金裞,列侯贵人以辟侯故,往赙凡五百金。久之,人或毁辟侯,惠帝大怒,下吏,欲诛之。吕太后惭,不可言,大臣多害辟侯行,欲遂诛之,辟侯困急,使人欲见建,建辞曰:“狱急,不敢见。”建乃求见孝惠幸臣闳孺,说之曰:“君所以得幸帝,天下莫不闻;今辟侯下吏,道路皆言君谗欲杀之,今日辟侯诛,旦日太后含怒,亦诛君,君何不肉袒,为辟侯言于帝?帝听,出辟侯,太后大欢,两主俱幸,君之富贵益倍矣。”于是闳孺大恐,从其计,言帝,帝果出辟侯。辟侯始以建为背己,大怒,及其出之,乃大惊。吕太后崩,大臣诛诸吕。辟侯于诸吕至深,而卒免于诛,皆陆生、平原君之计画也。

[评]

不但陆贾,朱建智,辟侯亦智。

梁孝王既刺杀袁盎,事觉,惧诛,乃赍邹千金,令遍求方略以解。素知齐人王先生,年八十余,多奇计,即往求之。王先生曰:“难哉,人主有私怨深怒,欲施必行之诛,诚难解也,子今且安之。”曰:“邹、鲁守经学,齐、楚多辩智,韩、魏时有奇节,吾将历问之。”王先生曰:“子行矣,还,过我而西。”行月余,莫能为谋者,乃还过王先生,曰:“臣将西矣,奈何?”先生曰:“子必往见王长君。”邹悟,辄辞去,不过梁,径至长安,见王长君。长君者,王美人兄也。乘间说曰:“臣愿窃有谒也。臣闻长君弟得幸后宫,天下无有,而长君行迹多不循道理。今陛下穷竟袁盎事,即梁王恐诛,太后怫郁,无所发怒,

必切齿侧目于贵臣,而长君危矣!”长君瞿然曰:“奈何?”曰:“第能为上言,得无竟梁事,则太后必德长君,金城之固也。”长君如其计,梁事遂寝。

[评]

朱建一篇程文抄得恰好,不唯王先生智,邹亦智。

【译文】

汉朝人平原君朱建(楚人,曾为淮南王黥布丞相,汉杀黥布,赐朱建号平原君)为人刚正有智谋。深受吕太后 爱的辟侯(汉朝审食其的封号)想结 平原君,平原君却屡次推托,不肯与他见面。

平原君母亲去世时,因家贫无力出殡,想向亲友告贷,料理母亲后事。陆贾(楚人,有辩才)是平原君的好友,就要平原君先料理丧事,不必担心丧葬的费用,说完陆贾就去见辟侯,说:“贺喜侯爷,平原君的母亲死了。”

侯说:“平原君的母亲去世,为什么要恭喜我?”

陆贾说:“从前侯爷想结 平原君,平原君一直借口推辞,就是因为他母亲的缘故。真正的朋友要能济助对方的危难,现在平原君因家贫无力为母亲料理后事,只要侯爷能致赠丰厚的奠仪,以平原君的为人,日后他一定会为侯爷效死命的。”

于是辟侯命人致赠百金,其他王侯一看辟侯如此的厚礼,也跟着致奠,数目五百金以上。

过了一段时日,有人密告辟侯与吕太后私通,惠帝想下令杀他。吕太后自己不好意思出面为辟侯求情,而朝中大臣早就对辟侯的骄 看不顺眼,没有人愿意为他向皇帝求情,辟侯眼看命在旦夕,急忙派人向平原君求救。

平原君推辞说:“现在情势对侯爷不利,为避嫌疑,最好不要见面。”然而平原君却求见惠帝的 臣闳孺(无才能,仅以婉媚得 ),对他说:“你受惠帝 爱的原因,天下人都知道。今日辟侯若被杀,天下人会认为是你在皇上耳边进谗言。辟侯一死,太后一定怨你在心,也会找机会杀你。你何不在皇上面前为辟侯脱罪,皇上要是能听你的话而留辟侯一命,太后一定非常高兴。日后你岂不是得到皇上、太后二人的 爱,你所享的荣华显贵更要胜过今日不知多少倍呀?”

闳孺担心得罪太后,于是就依平原君所说游说惠帝,惠帝果然释放辟侯。

当辟侯想见平原君被拒时,以为平原君背弃自己,非常生气,等到出狱后,对平原君的计谋大为佩服。

吕太后驾崩后,大臣大肆诛杀吕姓诸侯,辟侯和吕姓诸侯往来密切,而终能免于被诛,不得不归功陆贾和平原君的计谋。

[冯评译文]

说起来,聪明的不只是陆贾,朱建而已,其实辟侯亦是有眼光的人。

汉朝时梁孝王杀袁盎(楚人,字丝)的事被人举发,害怕因罪被杀,就请邹(临淄人,有智谋)带着黄金千两寻访谋士谋求对策。

早就听说齐人王先生,虽已八十多岁但足智多谋,就前去拜访他。王先生说:“这事难啊!君臣间有私怨,臣下多半会遭到诛杀的命运,实在很难化解,你打算怎么办呢?”邹说:“我将往东走。邹、鲁等国不乏饱学之士,齐、楚以辩士多而闻名,韩、魏也常有奇能异才之人,我将一一的拜访他们。”

王先生说:“那你就去吧,回来时再到我这儿一趟。”

寻访了一个多月毫无所获,于是又去见王先生,说:“我找不到能出奇计的人,看来只有回国了。”

王先生说:“你回去后一定要去见王长君。”

突然领悟,立刻告辞,不回梁国直接来到长安见王长君。王长君是王美人的哥哥。邹对王长君说:“我很早就想来拜访你,听说你妹妹甚得皇上的 幸,而你做事也喜欢率性而为。今天皇上追究梁王杀袁盎的事,梁王怕获死罪,太后心也难安,必会迁怒 臣,先生的处境就危险了。”

王长君睁大眼睛说:“我该怎么做?”

说:“你立即说服皇上不要再追究梁王杀袁盎的事,太后一定会感激你,那么日后你在朝中的地位就更为稳固。”

王长君接受邹的建议,梁王终于免于一死。

[冯评译文]

这则故事完全能和上一则互相辉映,不只是王先生聪明,邹同样聪明。

736、厮养卒

【原文】

赵王武臣遣韩广至燕,燕人因立广为燕王。赵王与张耳、陈馀北略地至燕界。赵王间出,为燕军所得,燕将囚之,欲与分赵地半,乃归王。使者十辈,往辄见杀,张耳,陈馀患之。有厮养卒,谢其舍中曰:“吾为公说燕,与王载归。”舍中皆笑,养卒走燕壁,问燕将曰:“知臣何欲?”燕将曰:“若欲得赵王耳。”曰:“君知张耳、陈馀何如人?”燕将曰:“贤人也。”曰:“知其志何欲?”曰:“欲得王。”养卒笑曰:“君未知此两人所欲也。夫武臣,张耳、陈馀,杖马棰下赵数十城,此亦各欲南面而王,岂欲为卿相终已耶?夫臣与主,岂可同日而道哉!顾其势初定,未敢参分而王;且以少长,先王武臣,以持赵心。今赵地已服,此两人亦欲分赵而王,时未可耳。今乃囚赵王,此两人名为求赵王,实欲燕杀之,[边批:剖明使者辈急于求王之意。]此两人分赵自立,夫以一赵尚易燕,况以两贤王左提右挈,而责杀王之罪,灭燕必矣。”燕将以为然,乃归赵王。养卒为御而归。

【译文】

赵王派韩广到燕国,没想到燕人却拥立韩广为燕王。赵王和张耳(汉·大梁人,与陈余为好友,陈涉起兵,张耳、陈余用计夺赵地,后二人有仇隙,张耳投汉刘邦,与韩信共击赵,于柢水上斩陈余,刘邦封张耳为赵王)、陈余侵犯燕国边境。

一日,赵王私出营地被燕军俘获,燕人威胁赵国,要赵割让一半国土 换赵王。燕人态度强硬,先后将赵国派来的十多名使者给杀了,张耳、陈余为了这件事烦恼不已。

有个厮养卒(砍柴作饭的小兵)来到营房说:“我可为诸公说服燕人释放赵王。”

在场的军官都嘲讽他不自量力。

养卒由小道潜入燕将营地,对燕将军说:“你可知我来的目的么?”

燕将说:“你来无非是希望赵王回国。”

养卒说:“将军可知张耳、陈馀的为人?”

燕将说:“他们两人是赵国的贤人。”

养卒说:“将军可知他二人的想法吗?”

燕将说:“他们希望赵王平安回国。”养卒大笑说:“将军实在不了解他二人的真正意图。张耳、陈馀是武将,一声令下就可拥有赵国数十城池,他们早就想自立为王,哪会以当个宰相为满足呢?谁都知道,当君王和当宰相是天渊之别,当初天下的形势,陈、张二人不敢有称王的念头;现在赵国国势安定,这两人早就想平分赵国共同为王,只是时机尚未成熟。现在燕人囚禁赵王,这两人表面上希望燕人释放赵王,实际上希望燕人将赵王杀了,[剖明使者急于求王之意。]好让两人瓜分赵国,自立为王,以一个赵王就能轻易打败燕国,何况有两位贤明的君王相互合作,若以责怪燕国杀赵王的名义出兵攻燕,燕国岂能存活,所以不如放了赵王,让张、陈二人的野心无法得逞。”

燕将认为养卒说的有理,于是放了赵王,养卒当真为赵王驾车。

737、杨善

【原文】

土木之变,上皇在虏岁余,虏屡责奉迎,未知诚伪,欲遣使探问,而难其人。左都御史杨善慨然请往。[边批:尊官难得如此,其胸中已有主张矣。]虏将也先密遣一人黠慧者田氏来迎,且探其意。相见,云:“我亦中国人,被虏于此。”因问:“向日土木之围,南兵何故不战而溃?”善曰:“太平日久,将卒相安,况此行只是扈从随驾,初无号令对敌,被尔家陡然冲突,如何不走?虽然,尔家幸而得胜,未见为福。今皇帝即位,聪明英武,纳谏如流,有人献策云:‘虏人敢入中国者,只凭好马扒山过岭,越关而来。若今一带守边者,俱做铁顶橛子,上留一空,安尖头锥子,但系人马所过山岭,遍下锥橛,来者无不中伤。’即从其计。又一人献策云:‘今大铜铳,止用一个石炮,所以打的人少,若装鸡子大石头一斗打去,迸开数丈阔,人马触之即死。’亦从其计。又一人献策云:‘广西、四川等处射虎弓,毒药最快,若傅箭头,一着皮肉,人马立毙。’又从其计,已取药来。天下选三十万有力能射者演 ,曾将罪人试验。又一人献策云:‘如今放火槍者,虽有三四层,他见放了又装药,便放马来冲踩,若做大样两头铳,装铁弹子数个,擦上毒药,排于四层,候马来齐发,俱打穿肚。’曾试验三百步之外者皆然。献计者皆升官加赏,天下有智谋者闻之,莫不皆来,所操练军马又锐,可惜无用矣!”[边批:收得妙。]虏人曰:“如何无用?”善曰:“若两家讲和了,何用?”虏人闻言,潜往报知。次日,善至营,见也先,问:“汝是何官?”曰:“都御史。”曰:“两家和好许多年,今番如何拘留我使臣,减了我马价,与的段匹,一匹剪为两匹,将我使臣闭在馆中,不放出,这等计较如何?”善曰:“比先汝父差使臣进马,不过三十余人,所讨物件,十与二三,也无计较,一向和好。汝今差来使臣,多至三千余人,一见皇帝,每人便赏织金衣服一套,虽十数岁孩儿,也一般赏赐,殿上筵宴。为何?只是要官人面上好看!临回时,又加赏宴,差人送去,何曾拘留?或是带来的小厮,到中国为奸为盗,惧怕使臣知道,[边批:都是揄扬其美。]从小路逃去,或遇虎狼,或投别处,中国留他何用?若减了马价一节,亦有故。先次官人家书一封,着使臣王喜送与中国某人。会喜不在,误着吴良收了,进与朝廷,后某人怕朝廷疑怪,乃结权臣,因说‘这番进马,不系正经头目,如何一般赏他。’以此减了马价,及某人送使臣去,反说是吴良诡计减了,意欲官人杀害吴良,不想果中其计。”也先曰:“者!” 语“者”,然词也。又说买锅一节:“此锅出在广东,到京师万余里,一锅卖绢二匹,使臣去买,只与一匹,以此争斗,卖锅者闭门不卖,皇帝如何得知?譬如南朝人问使臣买马,价少便不肯卖,岂是官人分付他来?”也先笑曰:“者。”又说剪开段匹:“是回回人所为,[边批:跟随使人者。]他将一匹剪将两匹,若不信,去搜他行李,好的都在。”也先又曰:“者!者!都御史说的皆实,如今事已往,都是小人说坏。”善因见其意已和,乃曰:“官人为北方大将帅,掌领军马,却听小人言语,忘了大明皇帝厚恩,使来杀掳人民。上天好生,官人好杀,有想父母妻子脱逃者,拿住便剜心摘胆,高声叫苦,上天岂不闻知。”答曰:“我不曾着他杀,是下人自杀。”善曰:“今日两家和好如初,可早出号令,收回军马,免得上天发怒降灾。”也先笑曰:“者!者!”问:“皇帝回去,还做否。”善曰:“天位已定,谁再更换?”也先曰:“尧、舜当初如何来?”善曰:“尧让位于舜,今日兄让位于弟,正与一般。”有平章昂克问:“汝来取皇帝,将何财物来。”善曰:“若将财物来,后人说官人爱钱了,若空手迎去,见得官人有仁义,能顺天道,自古无此好男子。我监修史书,备细写上,着万代人称赞。”也先笑曰:“者!者!都御史写的好者!”次日,见上皇。又次日,也先遂设宴,与上皇送行。

[述评]

杨善之遣,止是探问消息,初未有奉迎之计。被善一席好语,说得也先又明白,又欢喜,即时遣人随善护送上皇来归,奇哉!

晋之怀、愍,度其必不得而不敢求者也;宋之徽、钦,求之而不得者也。

庶几赵之厮养卒乎,然机有可乘者三:耳、馀辈皆欲归王,一也;继使者十辈之后,二也;分争之际,易以利害动,三也。虏狃于晋、宋之故事,方以奇货可居。

而中朝诸臣,一则恐受虏之欺,二则恐拂嗣立者之意,相顾推诿而莫敢任。善义激于心,慨然请往,不费尺帛半镪,单辞完璧,此又岂厮养卒敢望哉?土木是一时误陷,与晋、宋之削弱不同;而也先好名,又非 刘、女直残暴无忌之比。其强势亦远不逮,所以杨善之言易入。使在晋、宋往时,虽百杨善无所置喙矣。然尔时印累累,绶若若,而慨然请往,独一都御史也!即无善之口舌,独无善之心肝乎?

【译文】

土木之变(明英宗十四年,英宗亲征,瓦剌在土木堡袭英宗,英宗被俘)后,英宗被也先(明时蒙古瓦剌部丞相)囚禁了一年多。明室虽屡次要求也先送回英宗,但也先态度反反复复,始终不得要领;想派大臣前往瓦剌探问也先心意,但任务沉重,很难决定人选。左都御史(官名,掌弹劾百官)杨善自愿请求为使臣前往瓦剌。[高官难得如此,足见其胸中已有主张。]也先得知杨善将来,派一名聪明机灵的 人迎接杨善,并借机刺探明朝军情。

二人见面后, 人说:“我本也是中国人,自从被瓦剌人俘虏后一直留在此地。”接着问杨善当年土木堡之役,明朝军队怎会在双方未 战的情况下溃散。

杨善说:“太平的日子过久了,将帅士兵都已习惯安逸。再说当年不是明朝正规军,只是英宗的护卫随从,在没有接获迎敌的军令就遭瓦剌突击,怎不溃散?不过,那次瓦剌虽然获胜,也未必是瓦剌人的福气。当今皇上即位后,聪明睿智,广纳各方忠言。有人献计说:‘瓦剌人侵犯中国,一定是骑马翻山越岭,经由关口侵犯边境。若下令边境守卫,在这一带钉上铁橛子,上留小孔插尖锥,等瓦剌人马闯关时,就会误中铁橛子的埋伏,一定伤亡惨重。’皇上已经采纳。又有人说:‘现在我军使用的大炮,每次只能发射一枚石炮,所以杀伤力小,若是换装像鸡子般大的石炮一斗,发射出去后扩散的范围大,敌人的人马一定死伤更多。’皇上也接受了。又有人说:‘广西、四川一带猎杀老虎都用毒药,若是涂在箭头上,一触到皮肉,不管是人是马立即毙命。’这建议也被采纳,毒药已由广西等地送来。还选拔国内善于射箭的人三十万,以罪犯为箭靶举行演 ,结果成效甚好。又有人建议:‘现在火槍队虽有三、四排,但敌人每次都趁我军填装子弹时骑马冲入我军阵地,若是建造大型双头火槍,一次可装填数发铁弹,涂上毒药,排在火槍队之后,等敌人骑马冲杀时同时发弹,一定会让敌人肠穿肚破。’经过试验后证明,远在三百步距离外仍极具杀伤力。凡是献计的人,都可封官获赏,所以有智谋的人没有不争相献计的。再加上军士们个个勤加操练,人人士气旺盛,可惜现在全用不上。”[话尾收得妙。]

人说:“怎么用不上?”

杨善说:“若大明与瓦剌讲和修好,这些准备怎么派上用场?”

人听了立刻报告也先。

第二天,杨善与也先会面,也先问杨善官职,杨善说:“都御史。”

也先说:“明与瓦剌友好多年,这次为什么要扣留我的使臣,减少进贡的赏赐,所赏的锦缎也都一匹剪断为二,并且把我派去的使者扣押在行馆中,不让他们自由 行动,这笔帐要怎么算?”

杨善说:“您父亲那一代时到中国进贡马匹,所派的使者不过三十多人,得到赏赐的也不过十有二、三人,从来不加计较,两国情谊友好深厚。今天您派往中国的使臣多达三千多人,见了皇上每人都赏得一件织金衣服,即使十几岁的孩童,也和成人 般同样赏赐,至于皇上丰盛的赐宴更不用说。为了使您有面子,使臣回瓦剌前又再赐宴。更派特使护送,哪有拘留使者的事?可能是随使臣同来的仆,在中国作奸为盗,害怕使臣责罚,畏罪由小路逃走,中途或是落脚他处,或遇虎狼遭到意外,也说不定。这些人中国留下他们又有什么用?至于减少进马的赏赐也是有原因的。先前您曾写了一封信,托使臣王喜送 您的中国友人,正巧王喜外出,信件让吴良误收了呈给朝廷,后来您的朋友怕朝廷误会,就对大臣说这次瓦剌前来献马的使臣不是您所派,不能比照往例赏赐,所以赏赐就比以往少。而您的朋友为使者送行时却诬赖说是吴良的计谋,想借您手杀了吴良,您果然杀了吴良。”

也先说:“者。” 语中“者”就是“对”的意思。

杨善又说:“再说到买锅,这种锅只有广东才有,广东距京师有一万多里,所以一只锅定价两匹绢,贵国使者买锅,只肯出一匹绢,双方讨价还价,卖锅的人索性关门不做生意,这种事皇上又怎么会知道?就好比中国人向贵国使者买马,出价太低使者当然不肯卖,难道能说是您的授意不成?”

也先笑着说:“者。”

杨善又说:“剪断锦缎都是回回人(使臣仆)做的,他们将一匹锦缎剪成两段,若您不信,搜他们的行李,整匹完好的锦缎都在他们的行李中。”

也先又说:“者,者,都御史说的都是实话。如今事情都过了,都是小人谗言。”

杨善见也先态度缓和,就说:“您是瓦剌大将军,却听信小人谗言,忘了大明皇帝恩德,常常侵犯边境,杀害百姓。上天有好生之德,您却好杀戮,所俘的明朝士兵,或因思念家人而逃跑,抓到便挖心摘胆,他们凄厉的惨叫声,上天哪有听不到的?”

也先说:“我不会下令杀人,都是下面的人杀的。”

杨善说:“现在两国误会澄清,和好如初,可否请相国下令撤兵,免得上天发怒降灾。”

也先笑着说:“者,者!请问英宗回国后,还会是皇帝吗?”

  杨善说:“景帝已登帝位,怎能再更换?”

也先说:“尧、舜时代帝位是如何传承的?”

杨善说:“尧让位给舜,和今天兄让位给弟是同样道理。”

有个叫昂克的平章插嘴说:“贵国前来迎接皇帝回国,带什么礼物答谢我国?”

杨善说:“若携带礼物,后世的人会嘲笑您贪财;若空手前来迎奉皇上,表现您的仁义之心,能顺应天道,自有历史来从没有这样顶天立地的男子汉,臣一定监督史官修史时详细记载,让后世万代人人称颂您的作为。”

也先笑着说:“者,者!就请都御史好好为我写吧。”

第二天,也先见英宗,再隔一天,也先设宴款待杨善,并为英宗饯行。

[述评译文]

本来派杨善出使瓦剌,只是探问也先意图,没有奉迎英宗回国的计划,然而也先被杨善一番话说得心里既明白又高兴,立即派人随杨善护送英宗回国,实在是不可思议的事。

晋朝的怀、愍二帝被俘,料想敌人不会轻易妥协,所以根本不敢开口;至于宋朝徽、钦二

帝却是屡次要求送回被拒,他们或许都希望有个类似厮养卒的人物出现。

然而就一般情况,俘虏对方君王对自己最有利的因素有三:一是对方朝臣都盼望皇帝早日回国,二是前去求和迎奉的使者络绎不绝,对方大臣们意见分歧,三是容易以利害关系提出要求。也先想仿效晋、宋模式,以为俘虏英宗可以肆意要胁,而明朝大臣一则害怕受也先威胁,一则又不愿违逆景帝旨意,相互推诿不敢担任使臣。杨善凭着胸中一股正气,自愿请往瓦剌,不费一绢一币就迎奉英宗回国,这智谋又哪是厮养卒所能相比的?

不过,土木堡之役的失败,只是一时大意,误中也先袭击,与晋、宋两朝的国势积弱不振不同。再说也先重视名声,又和金人的残暴贪狠不同,而瓦剌的国势也远不如金人强盛,所以杨善的话容易打动也先。若是处在宋朝,即使有一百个杨善,也说不上一句话。

然而在当时权高位尊的大臣中,能自愿出任使臣前往瓦剌的也只有杨善一人,至于其他相互推诿的大臣,即使没有杨善的口才,难道也没有杨善的正义之心吗?

738、富弼

【原文】

契丹乘朝廷有西夏之忧,遣使来言关南之地。地是石晋所割,后为周世宗所取。富弼奉使,往见契丹主曰:“两朝继好,垂四十年,一旦求割地,何也?”契丹主曰:“南朝违约,塞雁门,增塘水,治城隍,籍民兵,将以何为?群臣请举兵而南,吾谓不若遣使求地,求而不获,举兵未晚。”弼曰:“北朝忘章圣皇帝之大德乎?澶渊之役,苟从诸将言,北兵无得脱者。且北朝与中国通好,则人主专其利,而臣下无所获;若用兵,则利归臣下,而人主任其祸。故劝用兵者,皆为身谋耳。今中国提封万里,兵百万,北朝欲用兵,能保必胜乎?就使幸胜,所亡士马,群臣当之与,抑人主当之与?若通好不绝,岁币尽归人主,群臣何利焉?”契丹主大悟,首肯者久之。弼又曰:“雁门者,备元昊也。塘水始于何承矩,事在通好前。城隍修旧,民兵亦补阙,非违约也。”契丹主曰:“虽然,吾祖宗故地,当见还耳。”弼曰:“晋以卢龙赂契丹,周世宗复取关南地,皆异代事,若各求地,岂北朝之利哉。”[边批:占上风。]既退,刘六符曰:“吾主耻受金币,坚欲十县,何如?”弼曰:“本朝皇帝言:‘为祖宗守国,岂敢妄以土地与人?北朝所欲,不过租赋耳,朕不忍多杀两朝赤子,故屈地增币以代之。”[边批:占上风。]若必欲得地,是志在败盟,假此为辞耳。”明日契丹主召弼同猎,引弼马自近,谓曰:“得地则欢好可久。”弼曰:“北朝既以得地为荣,南朝必以失地为辱,兄弟之国,岂可使一荣一辱哉?”猎罢,六符曰:“吾主闻公荣辱之言,意甚感悟,今唯结姻可议耳。”弼曰:“婚姻易生嫌隙,本朝长公主出嫁,赍送不过十万缗,岂若岁币无穷之利哉。”弼还报,帝许增币。契丹主曰:“南朝既增我币,辞当曰‘献’。”弼曰:“南朝为兄,岂有兄献于弟乎?”[边批:占上风。]契丹主曰:“然则为‘纳’。”,弼亦不可,契丹主曰:“南朝既以厚币遗我,是惧我矣,于二字何有?若我拥兵而南,得无悔乎?”弼曰:“本朝兼爱南北,[边批:占上风。]故不惮更成,何名为惧?或不得已而至于用兵,则当以曲直为胜负,非使臣之所知也。”契丹主曰:“卿勿固执,古有之矣。”弼曰:“自古唯唐高祖借兵突厥。当时赠遗,或称献纳,其后颉利为太宗所擒,[边批:占上风。]岂复有此哉?”契丹主知不可夺,自遣人来议。帝用晏殊议,竟以“纳”字与之。[边批:可恨。]

[述评]

富郑公与契丹主往复再四,句句占上风,而语气又和婉,使人可听。此可与李邺侯参看,说辞之最善也。

弼始受命往,闻一女卒,再往,闻一男生,皆不顾。得家书,未尝发,辄焚之,曰:“徒乱人意。”有此一片诚,自然不辱君命。

【译文】

契丹趁宋朝正遭西夏人侵犯边境,穷于应付时,派使者前来要求归还关南之地(这是五代时石敬瑭为求契丹骑兵之助,割让给契丹的土地之一,后由后周世宗夺回。)

富弼(字彦国,又称富韩公)奉命前往契丹,见契丹主说:“两国修好已有四十年,为什么今天突然有割地的要求?”

契丹主说:“宋违盟约,派兵防守雁门关,增辟水塘,整修城墙,征调民兵,这是要作什么什么?本王的臣子们都要求本王立即出兵南下,本王对他们说:‘先派使者要求割地,若宋不答应,再出兵也不迟。’”

  富弼说:“北朝难道忘了真宗皇帝的恩德吗?当年澶渊之役,若真宗皇帝采纳将军们的意见,北朝士兵谁能活着回去?再说北朝与中国修好,君王可独享所有的好处,而臣下没有丝毫的利益。一旦双方 战,如果胜利,功劳归大臣所有;如果失败,君王却要承担战争中所有的责任。所以臣子劝君王用兵,无非是为自身的利益打算。中国疆域辽阔,兵百万,北朝想要用兵,能保证一定会获胜吗?就算侥幸获胜,阵亡的士兵,损失的战马,这责任由群臣承担、还是由君王您承担呢?若是两国修好,每年君王都可享有金银,丝绢的赠予,您的大臣能分到什么好处呢?”

说得契丹主连连点头。

富弼又说:“防守雁门关是为防备元昊(西夏李曩本名);辟建水塘是由何承矩开始兴建,这些事都是在两国订盟前就已有的;至于修墙是因城墙太过老旧,而征调民兵也是递补军中遗缺,并没有违背盟约。”

契丹主说:“就算南朝没有违约,但关南是我祖先的土地,也该归还我们。”

富弼说:“后晋以卢龙地贿赂契丹,周世宗又从契丹人手中取回,这都是前朝的事了,若是各自索讨旧地,北朝能讨到好处吗?”

富弼告辞退下。刘六符对富弼说:“我王对每年接受南朝的金币觉得耻辱,如果我王坚持要南宋割地,你觉得如何?”

富弼说:“本朝皇帝曾说:‘要为祖先固守国土,不敢随便割让土地。北朝所希望从土地取得的,的无非是银两、绢绸,朕不忍心两国无辜百姓因 战而丧命,所以增加每年岁币来替代土地的赠予。若北朝坚持一定要土地,就是有心毁弃盟约,而以割地为借口。’”

第二天契丹主邀富弼一同打猎,其间把富弼叫到近前私下说:“若南宋肯割让土地,那么两国的友谊可以保持长久。”

富弼说:“假如北朝得到土地会觉得光荣快乐,那么南宋必会因损失土地而感到屈辱难过。南宋,契丹是兄弟之邦,怎能做出令一个觉得光荣,一个觉得屈辱的事呢。”

狩猎结束后,刘六符对富弼说:“听了我王和先生所谈有关荣、辱的事,我想如今只有两国结成亲家才能巩固国谊。”

富弼说:“婚姻容易产生磨擦。再说本朝长公主出嫁,陪嫁的嫁妆不过十万钱,哪里比得上年年获赠的岁银呢。”

富弼离开契丹后,便回国向仁宗报告经过,仁宗答应增加岁银。契丹主说:“南朝既答应每年再增岁银,盟约上就也该说成‘献’岁银。”

富弼说:“两国既约为兄弟,南宋是兄长,哪有兄长给弟弟东西称之为‘献’的道理?”

契丹主又说:“那称之为‘纳’如何?”

富弼还是坚持不妥协。

契丹主说:“南宋既答应每年给本王丰厚的岁银和丝绢,为的是怕本王南侵,改一个字有什么关系呢?否则我真率兵南侵,南宋不会后悔吗?”

富弼说:“南宋兼爱两国人民的生命,所以希望两国和平,这哪里是害怕?如果真到不得已的地步,非得两国 战,将会以理之曲直分胜负,这结果就不是充当和平使者的我所能预知的了。”

契丹主说:“你不要太固执,其实改动这一两字,历史上早有先例了。”

富弼说:“历史上只有唐高祖因曾经向突厥人借兵,当时为酬谢突厥人,或称‘献纳’。可是后来颉利(唐时突厥可汗)被唐太宗擒服。现在哪能让那样的情形再现呢?”

契丹主知道无法说服富弼,就私下派人到宋朝议和。结果仁宗采纳晏殊(临川人,字叔同)的意见,竟然同意用“纳”字。

[述评译文]

富弼与契丹主先后面谈四次,句句话占上风,而语气 和、态度委婉,让人听得进话。富弼的这番说辞,可和李邺侯比美,是出任使臣谈话最高的境界。

富弼第一次奉命前往契丹时正逢丧女,第二次再往契丹,家中添一男儿,但富弼都不曾回家探望,收到家书也不曾拆阅,就顺手烧毁,说:“看家书只会扰乱我的思虑。”有这样的一片忠诚,自然能不辱君命。

739、王守仁

【原文】

土官安贵荣,累世骄蹇,以从征香炉山,加贵州布政司参政,犹怏怏薄之,乃奏乞减龙场诸驿,以偿其功。事下督府勘议,时兵部主事王守仁以建言谪龙场驿丞,贵荣甚敬礼之,守仁贻书贵荣,略曰:“凡朝廷制度,定自祖宗,后世守之,不敢擅改。改在朝廷,且谓之变乱,况诸侯乎?纵朝廷不见罪,有司者将执法以绳之。即幸免一时,或五六年,或八九年,虽远至二三十年矣,当事者犹得持典章而议其后。若是,则使君何利焉?使君之先,自汉、唐以来千几百年,土地人民,未之或改,所以长久若此者,以能世守天子礼法,竭忠尽力,不敢分寸有所违越,故天子亦不得无故而加诸忠良之臣。不然,使君之土地人民,富且盛矣,朝廷悉取而郡县之,谁云不可?夫驿可减也,亦可增也,驿可改也,宣慰司亦可革也,由此言之,殆甚有害!使君其未之思耶?所云奏功升职,意亦如此。夫铲除寇盗,以抚绥平良,亦守士常职。今缕举以要赏,则朝廷平日之恩 禄位,顾将何为?使君为参政,已非设官之旧,今又干进不已,是无抵极也,众必不堪。夫宣慰,守土之官,故得以世有其土地人民;若参政,则流官矣,东西南北,唯天子所使,朝廷下方尺之檄,委使君以一职,或闽或蜀,弗行,则方命之诛不旋踵而至。若捧檄从事,千百年之土地人民,非复使君有矣。由此言之,虽今日之参政,使君将恐辞之不速,又可求进乎?”后驿竟不减。

[评]

此书土官宜写一通置座右。

 

【译文】

土官(元、明以来管领苗蛮之地,官职由土人世袭)安贵荣为人骄傲自大,自认随军出征香炉山功劳不小,朝廷虽加封贵州布政司参政的官职,仍觉得不足以奖赏他出征的功勋,于是奏请皇帝撤减分发龙场驿丞的员额,改由自己递补,做为封赏。

朝廷将此事 由督府审议,这时兵部主事王守仁为上书营救戴铣,被贬为龙场驿丞。安贵荣一向敬重王守仁,王守仁知道安贵荣上奏撤减龙场驿丞的事后,就写了一封信给他,信

中说:

“大凡朝廷法制都由祖先制定,后世子孙严守礼制,不敢擅自更改。如果皇上亲自更改,尚称之为变乱,更何况是大臣呢?纵使皇上不降罪,有关的律法机关也应该按律法定罪;即使很幸运的当时没有追究,但五、六年之后,或者八、九年之后,甚至二、三十年后,仍能拿着状纸追溯前罪。若真有这么一天,对你有什么好处呢?

“再说了,你的先祖,自汉、唐以来千百年拥有这片土地及人民,从没有变动过,原因就在于世世代代能遵守天子礼法,竭尽忠诚,不敢有丝豪的违越。所以即使身为天子也不能随便加封臣子,否则你的土地肥沃,人民众多,皇上也能任意夺过来仿效内地立为郡县,到时候谁又敢说不行?驿丞可撤减,当然也可以增员,如果驿丞的员额可增减,宣慰司也同样可以,由此看来,减少驿丞员额就连宣慰司也后患无穷,你难道没有深一层分析过吗?

“你奏本上所说,立下汗马军功,要求晋升官职,也是同样道理。剿灭盗匪,安抚百姓本来就是土官份内职责,现在你多次以建功上书邀赏,那么平日所领的朝廷俸禄又是为的什么呢?再说你已被任命为参政,这已超越了常规,你还上奏邀功,这样贪得无厌,其他大臣一定会觉得难以忍受。

“再说,朝廷为宣慰土官,律法规定官位世袭,子孙万代能永远保有土地人民;而参政官是流官,官吏受朝廷任命随时调动。东西南北,全凭皇上一句话。朝廷下达一纸公文,任命你一个官职,或是福建,或是四川,你就得马上去。不履新职,抗命杀头的诏命立即就到;若是奉命履职,千百年来世袭的土地,人民就不再归自己所有。从这个角度来看,你虽已任命为参政,应该推辞都来不及,怎会再有其他的要求呢?”

安贵荣看完信后,再也不敢提撤减驿丞的事。

[评译文]

全国所有的土官,都应该把王守仁这封信抄写一遍,做为座右铭。

740、张嘉言

【原文】

张公嘉言司理广州时,边海设有总兵,参、游等官,幕下各数千防兵,每日工食三分。然参、游兵每岁涉远出讯,而总兵官所辖兵,皆借口坐镇不远行。每三年五年修船,其参、游部下兵,止给每日工食之半;即非修船,而仅不出汛也,亦减工食每日三分之一,俱贮为修船之用。独总兵官部下兵毫无所减,当修船时,另凑处于民间。积 已久,彼此视为固然。 

忽巡道申详军门,欲将总兵官所辖兵,以后稍视裁其工食,留备修船之用。军门适与总兵有隙,乃仓卒允行。各兵哄然而哗,知张公为院道耳目,直其堂。

张公意色安闲,命呼知事者五六人登阶述其故。众兵俱拥而前,即叱下堂,曰:“人言嚣乱,殊不便听。”众兵乃下。时天雨甚,兵衣尽湿,张公亦不顾,但令此六人者好言之。六人哓哓,称旧无减例。张公曰:“此事我亦与闻,汝等全不出汛,却难怪上人也。汝欲不减亦使得,虽然,亦非汝之利也。上司自今使汝等与参、游兵每岁更迭出汛,汝宁得不往乎?若往,则汝等且称参、游兵,工食减半矣。[边批:怵之以害。]汝所争而存者,非汝所能享,而参、游兵之来代者所得也。何不听其稍减,而汝等犹得岁岁称大将军兵乎?[边批:欣之以利。]汝等试思之!”此六人俯首不能对,唯曰:“愿爷爷转达宽恤。”张公曰:“汝等姓名为谁?”各相顾不肯言。张公骂曰:“汝等不言姓名,上司问我‘谁来禀汝’,何以对之?不妨说来,自有处也。”乃始各言姓名而记之。张公曰:“汝等传语诸人,此事自当有处,甚无哗。诸人而哗,汝之六人者各有姓名,上司皆斩汝首矣。”六人失色,唯唯而退。后议诸兵每月减银一钱,兵竟无哗者。

[议]

说得道理透彻,利害分明,不觉气平而心顺矣。凡以减省激变者,皆不善处分之过!

【译文】

明朝人张嘉言治理广州时,海防设有总兵(官名,明朝总兵官镇守一方,简称总兵)、参将、游击等官职,各统领数千海防兵。每位士兵每日可领工作及餐费津贴三分银子。每年参、游属下都要到外地服役,而总兵属下都以镇守海防为借口,从不到外地服役。而每逢三、五年一次的修船期,参、游兵都只能领半日津贴;即使不修船、不服役也要扣减三分之一津贴,做为修船的公积金。但总兵属下却是一分钱都不扣,每次修船,就向民间筹募款项。由于行之有年,已经约定俗成,无论参、游或总兵都已习惯。

一日,巡道(官名,明朝各省按察司)禀报军门(明朝统兵官的尊称),想将总兵的士兵也比照参游所属的官兵扣减津贴,做为修船的基金。正巧军门和总兵间曾经有过摩擦,所以军门没有仔细考虑,批准了巡道的请求。总兵的辖下兵士听到消息后群情激愤,认为张嘉言是朝廷命官,于是包皮围张嘉言的公堂。

张嘉言意态从容,命士兵代表五、六人进公堂说明整个事件的经过。其他士兵也一涌而上,张嘉言立即大声叱责说:“人多嘴杂,反而听不清楚。”其他士兵这才退下。这时天下大雨,士兵们的衣服都已湿透,张嘉言也不管。

代表说,往日从来没有扣减津贴的旧例。

张嘉言说:“这事我也有耳闻。但你们从不服役,也难怪长官会有这样的决定。你们想不扣减津贴也行,但是依我看你们未必能得到好处,因为上面有令,你们从现在开始和参游兵一样每年轮流服役,你们敢违令吗?若是服役,那么你们也和参游兵一样,津贴减半,你们极力所争取的不扣减津贴,反而是参游兵享受到了,所以为什么不乖乖的听命扣减津贴,而代以不外出服役,安安稳稳的做总官的部属呢?你们仔细考虑一下吧。”

这六人低头答不出话来,最后只有说:“请张公代为转达长官,请长官体恤我们的处境。”

张嘉言说:“你们几个叫什么名字?”六人你看我、我看你,都不愿意报姓名。

张嘉言骂道:“你们不肯留下姓名,上面长官问我是谁来陈情,我要怎么回答?你们只管报上姓名,我自有主张。”六人这才留下名字。

张嘉言说:“你们回去后告诉底下那些人,这事我自有主张,要他们不要再闹事。如果闹事,你们这六人都留有名字,长官会下令砍头的。”六人听了非常惊恐,点头告退。

日后决议,每月每个总兵所辖士兵扣减津贴一钱,所有士兵竟毫无异议的接受。

[议译文]

张嘉言一番话说得合情合理,利害分明,让士兵们听了心平气和而乐于接受。由此看来,历史上有关扣减薪俸而引发的动乱,都是处理不当造成的。

74!”、王维

【原文】

弘治时,有希进用者上章,谓山西紫碧山产有石胆,可以益寿。遣中官经年采取,不获,民咸告病。按察使王维[祥符人],令采小石子类此者一升,以示中官。中官怒,曰:“此搪塞耳,其物载诸书中,何以谓无?”公曰:“凤凰、麒麟,皆古书所载,今果有乎?”

【译文】

明孝宗弘治年间,有人为了想谋官职上章(官员,百姓上呈君王或官府的文书)称,山西的紫碧山蕴藏石胆(矿物名,亦称胆矾),古书记载,服用石胆可以延年益寿,朝廷于是派宦官监督进行采石,但一直找不到石胆。而长年的挖掘也使百姓劳苦不堪,怨声四起,纷纷向按察使王维诉苦。于是王维下令百姓采集形状类似石胆的小石子一升,呈 宦官。宦官见了,大为生气说:“这简直是敷衍搪塞,石胆在书籍中早有详细的记载,怎会找不到呢?”

王维说:“凤凰、麒麟在古书上也有记载,但是现在有谁真正见过?”

742、秦宓

【原文】

吴使张 聘蜀,百官皆集。秦宓字子敕,独后至。 顾孔明曰:“彼何人也?”曰:“学士秦宓。” 因问曰:“君学乎?”宓曰:“蜀中五尺童子皆学,何必我?” 乃问曰:“天有头乎?”曰:“有之。”曰:“在何方?”曰:“在西方。《诗》云,‘乃眷西顾’。” 又问:“天有耳乎?”曰:“有。天处高而听卑,《诗》云,‘鹤鸣九皋,声闻于天。’”曰:“天有足乎?”宓曰:“有。《诗》云:‘天步艰难’,非足何步?”曰:“天有姓乎?”宓曰:“有姓。”曰:“何姓。”宓曰:“姓刘。”曰:“何以知之?”宓曰:“以天子姓刘知之。” 曰:“日生于东乎?”宓曰:“虽生于东,实没于西。”时应答如响,一坐惊服。

[评]

其应如响,能占上风,故特录之。他止口给者,概无取。

【译文】

三国时吴国派遣张 (吴郡人,字惠恕)前往蜀国访门,蜀国官员都列队欢迎,只有秦宓(字子敕)在张 到达后才来。张 问孔明(诸葛亮)说:“这人是谁?”

孔明答:“蜀国的学士秦宓。”

便对秦宓说:“你读过书吗?”

秦宓说:“在蜀国连五尺的孩童都念过书,何况是我。”

接着说:“天有头吗?”

秦宓说:“有。”

说:“天的头在哪个方向。”

秦宓说:“在西方。《诗经》上说:‘天朝西方眷顾’。”

说:“天有耳朵吗?”

秦宓说:“有。天虽高,但即使再低深的地底,所发出的声音天也听得见。《诗经》上说,‘水泽深处的鹤鸣声传达到天上。’”

问:“天有脚吗?”

秦宓说:“有。《诗经》说,‘天步艰难’,若没有脚,怎么走路?”

又问:“天有姓氏吗?”

秦宓说:“有。”

问:“姓什么?”

秦宓说:“姓刘。”

说:“怎么知道姓刘?”

秦宓说:“因为天子姓刘,所以知道天姓刘。”

说:“太是不是由东方升起?”

秦宓说:“太虽由东方升起,却由西方落下。”

秦宓对答如流,在场百官无不佩服。

[评译文]

因秦宓的对答如流,句句占尽上风,所以特别予以选录。其他仅只善于巧辩的,就不多选录了。

二十 言浅意深

【原文】

唯口有枢,智则善转。孟不云乎:言近指远。组以精神,出之密微。不烦寸铁,谈笑解围。集“善言”。

【译文】

嘴巴中有转轴,要靠智慧转动。浅近的词句,往往有深远的含意。用心运用,注意变化,就能在谈笑间化解危机。

743、孔子

【原文】

陈侯起凌之台,未终,而坐法死者数人。又执三监吏,群臣莫敢谏者。孔子适陈,见陈侯,与登台而观之,孔子前贺曰:“美哉,台乎!贤哉,主也!自古圣人之为台,焉有不戮一人而能致功若此者?”陈侯默然,使人赦所执吏。

【译文】

春秋时陈惠公征调犯人兴建凌台,还没有完工,就杀了好几个人。一天,陈惠公又下令收押三名监吏(监管人犯的官吏),大臣们都不敢进谏劝阻。

正巧孔子来到陈国,和陈惠公一起登台眺望。孔子一边眺望一边向陈惠公祝贺,说:“凌台真是雄伟壮丽啊!大王果真是位贤君。自古以来,即使圣人修建楼台,也从没有不杀一人就能建成的先例。”

陈惠公听了羞愧得哑口无言,于是命人释放那三名监吏。

744、说秦王

【原文】

秦王与中期争论不胜,秦王大怒,中期徐行而去。或为中期说秦王曰:“悍人耳,中期适遇明君故也。向者遇桀、纣,必杀之矣。”秦王因不罪。

【译文】

秦王与中期(即中旗,战国秦辩士)发生争论,秦王辩不过中期,非常生气。中期却神态从容的离去。

有人怕中期因此得罪秦王,故意在秦王面前说:“中期真是蛮横不讲理,幸好他有大王这样贤明的君王,如果遇到桀、纣,恐怕早就砍头了。”

秦王听了,就打消责罚中期的念头。

745、晏子

【原文】

齐有得罪于景公者,公大怒,缚置殿下,召左右肢解之:“敢谏者诛。”晏子左手持头,右手磨刀,仰而问曰:“古者明王圣主肢解人,不知从何处始?”公离席曰:“纵之,罪在寡人。”

时景公烦于刑,有鬻踊者。[踊,刖者所用。]公问晏子曰:“子之居近市,知孰贵贱?”对曰:“踊贵履贱。”公悟,为之省刑。

[述评]

晏子之谏,多讽而少直,殆滑稽之祖也。其他使荆、使吴、使楚事,亦皆以游戏胜之。觉他人讲道理者,方而难入。

晏子将使荆,荆王与左右谋,欲以辱之。王与晏子立语,有缚一人过王而行,王曰:“何为者?”对曰:“齐人也。”王曰:“何坐?”对曰:“坐盗。”王曰:“齐人故盗乎?”晏子曰:“ 南有橘,取而树之 北,乃为枳。所以然者,其地使然。今齐人居齐不盗,来之荆而盗,荆地固若是乎?”王曰:“圣人非所与戏也,只取辱焉。”

晏子使吴,王谓行人曰:“吾闻婴也,辩于辞,娴于礼。”命傧者:“客见则称天子。”明日,晏子有事,行人曰:“天子请见。”晏子慨然者三,曰:“臣受命敝邑之君,将使于吴王之所,不佞而迷惑,入于天子之朝,敢问吴王乌乎存?”然后吴王曰:“夫差请见。”见以诸侯之礼。

晏子使楚,晏子短,楚人为小门于大门之侧而延晏子。晏子不入,曰:“使狗国者,从狗门入;臣使楚,不当从此门。”傧者更从大门入。见楚王,王曰:“齐无人耶?”晏子对曰:“齐之临淄三百闾,张袂成帷,挥汗成雨,何为无人?”王曰:“然则何为使子?”晏子对曰:“齐命使,各有所主。其贤者使贤主,不肖者使不肖主,婴最不肖,故使楚耳。”

【译文】

有人得罪齐景公,景公非常生气,命人把他绑在大殿,准备处以分的极刑,并且说如果有人胆敢劝阻,一律格杀勿论。晏子(即晏婴)左手抓着人犯的头,右手拿着刀,抬头问景公:“古时圣王明君肢解人犯时,不知先从人犯的哪个部位下刀?”景公立刻站起身说:“放了他吧,这是寡人的错。”

景公时,刑律条文繁多。有一天景公出游见有卖踊(被砍去一脚的罪犯所穿的鞋)的。景公就问晏子:“贤卿住的地方靠近市集,可知道踊贵还是普通鞋子贵?”晏子答:“踊贵。”

景公突然有所领悟,于是下令废除刖刑(砍去罪犯一脚的刑法)。

[述评译文]

晏子劝谏君王多半以讽喻代替直言,他可算是滑稽(战国九流十家之一)一派的开山祖师了。日后晏子也曾出使楚,吴及楚等国,都在谈笑间占上风,世间的事往往就是这样,有时正正经经的和对方讲道理,反而很难让对方接受。

有一次晏子出使楚国,楚王与大臣们想借机羞辱晏子。一天,楚王与晏子正站着闲聊,看见差官押着一个犯人从面前经过,楚王问手下:“那是什么人呀?”手下答:“那是齐国人。”楚王说:“他犯了什么罪?”手下说:“窃盗罪。”楚王于是对晏子说:“难道齐国人都喜欢偷别人东西吗?”晏子说:“有人在 南种了一棵橘树,可是把它移植到 北就变成了枳树,所以会这样,是因为环境的影响。齐人在齐国不偷东西,来到楚国却变成小偷,难道楚国是小偷之国吗?”楚王说:“唉,戏弄圣人,只会自取其辱。”

晏子出使吴国时,吴王对手下说:“寡人听说晏婴善于言辞,熟悉礼制,等晏婴晋见寡人时,命接待人员以天子尊称寡人。”第二天宴子进宫见吴王,命人通报,通报人说:“天子有令,命晏婴晋见。”晏子长叹三声,说:“我受齐王之命出使吴国,不知怎么搞的怎会来到周天子的宫廷,请问到底这个世界上有没有吴王呢?”吴王立刻说:“夫差有请。”于是以合于诸侯身份的礼仪接待晏子。

晏子出使楚国。他身材矮小,楚人专门在大门旁开了一个小门要晏子小门进去。晏子说:“如果出使狗国当然走狗洞,今天出使楚国,不该走狗洞。”于是宫人只好开大门请晏子进入。楚王见了晏子后说:“齐国难道没有人了吗?”晏子回答说:“齐国仅是都城临淄就有三百闾(每闾是二十五家)。连结衣袖可以搭成一座大营帐,滴下的汗珠就像下雨一样,怎会没有人呢?”楚王说:“那么为什么会派你为充当使臣呢?”晏子答:“齐王任命使臣有一个原则,凡是他国有贤明的君王,就派能干的大臣前往,对方君王懦弱昏庸,就派愚昧无能的臣子为使者,我晏婴是齐国大臣中最无用的,所以派来楚国了。”

746、晏子 敬新磨

【原文】

景公有马,其圉人杀之。公怒,援戈将自击之。晏子曰:“此不知其罪而死,臣请为君数之。”公曰:“诺。”晏子举戈临之曰:“汝为我君养马而杀之,而罪当死;汝使吾君以马之故杀圉人,而罪又当死;汝使吾君以马故杀圉人,闻于四邻诸侯,而罪又当死。”公曰:“夫子释之,勿伤吾仁也。”

后唐庄宗猎于中牟,践蹂民田,中牟令当马而谏。庄宗大怒,命叱去斩之。伶人敬新磨率诸伶走追其令,擒至马前,数之曰:“汝为县令,独不闻天子好田猎乎?奈何纵民稼穑,以供岁赋,何不饥饿汝民,空此田地,以待天子驰逐?汝罪当死,亟请行刑!”诸伶复唱和,于是庄宗大笑,赦之。

【译文】

有圉人(官名,掌养马之事0杀了景公心爱的马,景公非常生气,拿起戈想亲手杀了圉人。晏子说:“王如果现在就杀他,会教他死得不明不白,请王准许我列举他的罪状,好让他死得瞑目。”

景公答应,于是晏子举起戈指着圉人说:“你身为君王的养马官,不好好养马却私自将马匹杀了,罪该死;你使君王为了一匹马而杀养马官,其罪又该死;你使君王因为死了马,而怒杀养马官的事传到其他诸侯耳中,让天下诸侯耻笑君王,其罪更该死。”

景公立即说:“贤卿放了他吧,不要使孤王蒙上不仁的罪名。”

后唐庄宗在中牟(地名,春秋晋地)狩猎,将附近百姓的田地践踏得面目全非。中牟县县令挡在庄宗马前陈情谏阻,庄宗非常生气,命左右将县令带走处斩。有个叫敬新磨的伶人(乐工,即现今以演戏为业者)立刻带着其他伶人追赶被押走的县令,然后把他带到庄公马前说:“你身为县令,难道没有听说天子喜欢狩猎吗?为什么要纵容百姓辛勤耕种,按时缴纳每年的赋税?为什么不让百姓忍饥受饿,荒芜田地,好让天子尽情追逐野兽呢?你真是罪该万死,请皇上立刻下令行刑。”

其他伶人也在旁边唱和,于是庄宗大笑着下令赦免县令。

747、郑涉

【原文】

刘玄佐镇汴,尝以谗怒,欲杀军将翟行恭,无敢辨者。处士郑涉能谐隐,见玄佐曰:“闻翟行恭刑,愿付一观。”玄佐怪之,对曰:“尝闻枉死人面有异,一生未识,故借看耳。”玄佐悟,乃免。

【译文】

唐朝人刘玄佐(本名洽,赐名玄佐,谥壮武)镇守汴州时,听信谗言想杀将军翟行恭,左右无人敢上前劝谏。处士(没有任官职的读书人)郑涉为人诙谐,善用隐语,见了刘玄佐,对他说:“听说翟行恭得罪了大人,大人借机要杀他抵罪,希望大人能答应我一个小小的请求:翟行恭行刑后,能让在下看看他的体。”

刘玄佐觉得奇怪,郑涉说:“我曾听人说受冤而死的人,脸上表情和普通死人不同,我平生从未见过,所以想见识见识。”

刘玄佐立即明白郑涉话中的意思,于是赦免了翟行恭。

748、李忠臣

【原文】

辛京杲以私杖杀部曲,有司奏,京杲罪当死,上将从之。李忠臣曰:“京杲当死久矣!”上问其故,忠臣曰:“京杲诸父兄弟俱战死,独京杲至今日尚存,故臣以为久当死。”上恻然,乃左迁京杲。

【译文】

唐朝人辛京杲(屡有战功,曾封为晋昌郡王)动用私刑,以棍棒打死家,官吏上奏朝廷,依法辛京杲应论死罪,肃宗也同意按律论罪。李忠臣(本姓董名秦,因屡建战功,肃宗另赐姓名)说:“其实辛京杲早该死了!”肃宗问为什么,李忠臣说:“辛京杲的父兄都是战死沙场为国捐躯,只有辛京杲一个人活到现在,所以臣才认为他早就该死了。”肃宗也为辛家的忠贞和凄惨感觉难过,于是以降职代死罪。

749、东方朔

【原文】

武帝乳母尝于外犯事,帝欲申宪,乳母求东方朔。朔曰:“此非唇舌所争,尔必望济者,将去时,但当屡顾帝,慎勿言。此或可万一冀耳。”乳母既至,朔亦侍侧,因谓之曰:“汝痴耳。帝今已长,岂复赖汝乳哺活耶?”帝凄然,即敕免罪。

【译文】

汉武帝的奶在宫外犯法,武帝想按律论罪以明法纪,奶向东方朔求救。东方朔说:“这件事不是用言辞就可以打动皇上的,你如果真的想免罪,只有在你向皇上辞别时,频频回头看皇上,但记住千万不要开口求皇上,或许能侥幸的使皇上回心转意。”

在向武帝辞别时,东方朔也在一旁,就对奶说:“你不要痴心妄想了,现在皇上已长大了,你还以为皇上仍靠你的奶水养活吗?”武帝听了,不由想起奶哺育之恩,感到很悲伤,立即下命赦免奶的罪。

750、简雍

【原文】

先主时天旱,禁私酿,吏于人家索得酿具,欲论罚。简雍与先主游,见男女行道,谓先主曰:“彼欲行,何以不缚?”先主曰:“何以知之?”对曰:“彼有其具。”先主大笑而止。

【译文】

刘备曾下令禁止百姓酿私酒,凡是在百姓家中搜出酿酒的器具都按律问罪。

一天简雍(一作耿雍,字宪和)与刘备一同出游,见路上有一对男女,简雍对刘备说:“他们正想苟合,为什么不命人把他们抓起来?”刘备说:“你怎么知道他们正想这事哪?”简雍说:“因为他们身上都带着苟合的器官。”刘备听了大笑,于是下令废除此一刑罚。

75!”、魏征

【原文】

文德皇后即葬。太宗即苑中作层观,以望昭陵,引魏征同升。征熟视曰:“臣眊昏,不能见。”帝指示之。征曰:“此昭陵耶?”帝曰:“然。”征曰:“臣以为陛下望献陵。若昭陵,则臣固见之矣。”帝泣,为之毁观。

【译文】

文德皇后(唐朝长孙皇后的谥号)死后葬在昭陵,唐太宗非常思念她,于是命人在苑中搭建一座楼台,好常常登楼眺望。

一天太宗邀魏征一同登楼。太宗问魏征:“贤卿看见了吗?”魏征回答说:“臣年纪大了,老眼昏花,看不清楚。”太宗指着昭陵说:“昭陵这么近都看不见。”魏征说:“原来皇上是说昭陵,老臣以为皇上眺望献陵(唐高祖陵墓),若是昭陵,那老臣早看见了。”太宗惭愧不已,于是命人拆去楼台。

752、吴瑾

【原文】

石亨矜功[夺门功],恃 。一日上登翔凤楼,见亨新第极伟丽,顾问恭顺侯吴瑾、抚宁伯朱永曰:“此何人居?”永谢不知,瑾曰:“此必王府。”上笑曰:“非也。”瑾顿首曰:“非王府,谁敢僭妄如此?”上不应,始疑亨。

【译文】

明朝武将石亨(英宗时屡建战功,封武清侯)自恃战功彪炳,深受英宗骄 ,生活豪奢。一日英宗偕同恭顺侯吴瑾(大顺初年曹钦谋反,与曹钦力战而死,赠梁国公)、抚宁伯朱永(字景昌,因战功封侯)登翔凤楼眺望风景。

英宗见石亨新建的府邸华丽壮伟,就回头问两人说:“贤卿可知那是谁的宅邸?”

朱永说:“臣不知。”

吴瑾说:“这一定是王府。如果不是王府,是谁如此胆大,敢以王者自居?”

英宗虽没说什么,但心中已开始怀疑石亨的忠诚了。

753、杨晟

【原文】

炀帝幸榆林,长孙晟从。晟以牙中草秽,欲令突厥可汗染干亲自芟艾,以明威重,乃故指帐前草谓曰:“此根大香。”染干遽嗅之,曰:“殊不香也。”晟曰:“天子行幸,所在诸侯躬亲洒扫,芸除御路,以表至敬。今牙中芜秽,谓是留香草耳。”染干乃悟,曰:“是罪过。”遂拔所佩刀,亲自芟草,诸部贵人争效之,自榆林东达蓟,长三千里,广百步,皆开御道。

【译文】

隋炀帝带着长孙杨晟来到榆林。杨晟见营帐外杂草丛生,想要前来迎驾的突厥首领染干亲自割草、整理道路营地,以宣扬天子声威,于是杨晟故意指着帐前的野草对突厥首领说:“这草很香,你闻闻看。”突厥首领果真低头闻草,奇怪说:“没有什么你说的香味啊!”杨晟说:“古时天子所临幸的地方,周围道路,诸侯都亲自洒扫表示尊敬,现在帐前杂草丛生未加清理,一定是因草香所以才没被割除。”染干明白杨晟的语意,说道:“才罪过。”说完拔出佩刀亲自割草,染干的部下也争相助割,于是自榆林至蓟,开辟了一条宽百步长三千里的御道。

754、贾诩

【原文】

贾诩事操。时临淄侯植才名方盛,操尝欲废丕立植。一日屏左右问诩,诩默不对,操曰:“与卿言,不答,何也?”对曰:“属有所思。”操曰:“何思?”诩曰:“思袁本初、刘景升父子。”操大笑,丕位遂定。

[评议]

卫瓘“此座可惜”一语,不下于诩,晋武悟而不从,以致于败。

【译文】

三国时贾诩(魏人,因说服张绣投效曹操,封都亭侯)为曹操属臣,这时临淄侯曹植才名极盛,曹操有意废太子曹丕而改立曹植。

一天,曹操命左右退下,与贾诩商议改立太子的事,贾诩久不出声,曹操说:“我跟贤卿说话,贤卿怎么不作声呢?”

贾诩说:“臣正在想一件事。”

曹操又问:“贤卿想什么呢?”

贾诩说:“我在想袁本初(即袁绍)和刘景升(刘表)两家父子的事。”

曹操听了哈哈大笑,从此曹丕太子的地位乃告确立。

[冯评译文]

晋朝时卫瓘也有同样的故事,而且卫瓘的机智与含蓄不下于贾诩,可惜晋武帝领悟后却不采纳,以致最后失败。

755、解缙

【原文】

解缙应制题“虎顾从彪图”,曰:“虎为百兽尊,谁敢触其怒。唯有父子情,一步一回顾。”文皇见诗有感,即命夏原吉迎太子于南京。

文皇与解缙同游。文皇登桥,问缙:“当作何语?”缙曰:“此谓‘一步高一步’。”及下桥,又问之,缙曰:“此谓‘后面更高似前面’。”

【译文】

明朝时解缙(字大绅,太祖时上万言书批评时政而受成祖重视,封御史,成祖崩后因得罪汉王朱高煦,下诏狱死)受成祖诏命为“虎顾众彪图”题诗,诗句是:“虎为百兽尊,谁敢触其怒。惟有父子情,一步一回头。”成祖看了诗句,不由百感 集,立即命人到南京迎太子回宫。

有一次成祖与解缙一同出游,成祖正过桥,一登上桥阶,就问解缙这情景该怎么形容。解缙说:“这叫一步高过一步。”等到下桥时,成祖又问同样的问题,解缙说:“这叫后面更高似前面。”

756、史丹

【原文】

汉元帝不喜太子。时中山哀王薨,太子前吊。哀王者,帝之少弟,与太子同学,相长大。上望见太子,感念哀王,悲不自止,睹太子不哀,大恨曰:“安有人不慈仁而可奉宗庙、为民父母乎?”太傅史丹免冠谢曰:“臣诚见陛下哀痛中山王,至于感损。向者太子当进见,臣切戒属,无涕泣感伤陛下,罪乃在臣,当死。”上以为然,意乃解。

[述评]

此与上官桀“意不在马”之对同,而忠佞自分。

【译文】

汉元帝(名奭,在位十六年崩)不喜欢太子。正巧元帝幼弟中山哀王逝世,太子前往吊祭。哀王和太子年龄相差不大,是一起读书长大的友伴。元帝看见太子不由想起哀王,更是悲伤,然而见到太子一脸木然的表情,不由生气的说:“天下可有不存仁义之心,而能够继承祖先的事业、为百姓父母的天子么?”

太傅(官名,三公之一)史丹(字君仲,谥顷)立刻摘下纱帽请罪说:“臣见陛下哀痛哀王,恐怕影响陛下龙体的康健,所以在太子祭吊前,特别叮嘱太子,千万不要流泪,以免再加深陛下的感伤,老臣实在罪该万死。”

元帝听了史丹的解释,就不再责怪太子。

[述评译文]

这和上官桀“意不在马”的回答同义,但一忠一奸,自有分别。”

意不在马的典故是:有一次汉武帝生病,病愈后发现马都变瘦了,便责问掌马吏上官桀,上官桀哭着说:“臣知皇上龙体欠安,日夜忧虑,意诚不在马。”武帝听后大乐,破格升他为太仆。

757、谷那律

【原文】

高宗出猎遇雨,问谷那律曰:“油衣若为不漏。”对曰:“以瓦为之则不漏。”上因此不复出猎。

【译文】

唐高宗狩猎时突然遇到一阵大雨,就对谷那律(博览群书,官至谏议大夫兼弘文馆学士)说:“如果穿了油布衣服就不会被雨淋湿了。”谷那律说:“如果以瓦为衣,更不会被雨淋湿。”高宗听了,从此不再出猎。

758、裴度

【原文】

裴度为相时,宪宗将幸东都,大臣切谏,不纳。度从容言:“国家建别都,本备巡幸,但自艰难以来,宫阙署屯,百目之区,荒圮弗治,必假岁月完新,然后可行。仓卒无备,有司且得罪。”帝悦曰:“群臣谏朕不及此,如卿言,诚有未便,安用往耶。”因止不行。

【译文】

唐朝人裴度(字中心,掌政达三十年,威震四夷)为宰相时,宪宗有意前往东都,大臣们虽极力劝阻,但都无法改变宪宗的心意。裴度不慌不忙的说:“国家除了首都外,另外再建东都,本来就是为皇上出游时所准备的行宫。但战乱刚结束,宫阙官署满目疮痍,荒废待修,这必须要花上好几个月的时间才能整建完成,那时皇上再去也不迟。如果现在皇上执意成行,只怕负责维护东都的官署,会因迎驾不周而获罪。”

宪宗说:“还是裴相说得好。果如裴相所说,朕又何必非去东都不可呢。”于是打消去东都的念头。

759、李纲

【原文】

李纲欲用张所。然所尝论宰相黄潜善,纲颇难之。一日遇潜善,款语曰:“今当艰难之秋,负天下重责,而四方士大夫,号召未有来者。前议置河北宣抚司,独一张所可用。又以狂妄有言得罪,如所之罪,孰谓不宜?第今日势迫,不得不试用之,如用以为台谏,处要地,则不可;使之借官为招抚,冒死立功以赎过,似无嫌。”潜善欣然许之。

【译文】

宋朝时李纲(字伯纪,卒谥忠定)想推荐张所(高宗时曾上书斥黄潜善,谪至 州)为河北宣抚司使,但张所曾非议过黄潜善,因此颇感为难。

一日,李纲巧遇黄潜善,于是悄悄说:“现在国家处境艰难,身为朝廷命臣,负有维系天下安危的重责,但是招抚边民的工作一直推展得不顺利,前次朝廷提议设置河北宣抚司,我想来想去,只有一个张所可以用,但张所曾冒犯相国,以他所犯的罪,当然不能再委任他官职,但迫于今天国家情势,不得不用他一试。当然,如果命他在京师担任要职是万万不可,不如任命他为招抚使,让他冒死立功,将功赎罪,相国以为如何?”

黄潜善欣然同意。

760、苏辙

【原文】

《元城先生语录》云:“东坡下御史狱,张安道致仕在南京,上书救之,欲附南京递进,府官不敢受,乃令其子恕至登闻鼓院投进。恕徘徊不敢投。久之,东坡出狱。其后东坡见其副本,因吐舌色动。人问其故,东坡不答。后子由见之,曰:“宜召兄之吐舌也,此事正得张恕力!”仆曰:“何谓也?”子由曰:“独不见郑昌之救盖宽饶乎?疏云:‘上无许、史之属,下无金、张之托’,此语正是激宜帝之怒耳!且宽饶何罪?正以犯许、史罪得祸,今再讦之,是益其怒也。今东坡亦无罪,独以名太高,与朝廷争胜耳。安道之疏乃云‘实天下之奇才’,独不激人主之怒乎?”仆曰:“然则尔时救东坡者,宜为何说?”子由曰:“但言本朝未尝杀士大夫,今乃是陛下开端,后世子孙必援陛下以为例,神宗好名而畏义,疑可以止之。”

[注]

此条正堪与李纲荐张所于黄潜善语参看。

【译文】

《元城先生语录》说:

东坡(苏轼4)被御史弹劾下狱后,辞官家居南京的张安道想上书为东坡求情,本想就近在南京呈递奏本,可是官府不敢受理,于是张安道就命儿子张恕到登鼓院(悬鼓于公堂外,凡百姓有谏言或冤情,可击鼓陈情)递奏本。但张恕在登鼓院门口徘徊许久后,仍不敢投递。过了一段日子,东坡出狱,当他见到当年张安道为他求情的奏章副本时,不禁吐着舌头,为自己捏了把冷汗,但没有说明原因。

直到子由(苏辙)也看了副本才说:“难怪哥哥要吐舌头了。他能平安出狱,实在要感谢张恕的胆子小。”

子由的仆人问他原因,子由说:“你难道没听说郑昌为营救盖宽饶(字次公,为人刚正,但喜讽刺,终获罪)的事吗?郑昌在上书汉宣帝的奏本上说:‘盖宽饶在朝没有许姓、史姓(许指许伯,宣帝皇后之父;史指史高,宣帝外戚)的皇戚,在野没有金、张(金指金日磾、张指张安世,二人因结 许、史而自恃骄 )等有力权贵。’这正是激怒宣帝的原因,盖宽饶有什么罪?他的罪就是冒犯许、史等人,郑昌再讥讽许、史等人恃贵而骄,不是更火上加油吗?今天东坡获罪下狱就是因为名气太大,甚至胜过神宗皇帝,而张安道却说:‘东坡实在是天下奇才!’怎不再激怒皇上呢?”

仆人说:“那么当时如果要救东坡先生该怎么说呢?”

子由说:“只能说大宋立朝以来,从没有妄杀士大夫,今天陛下要杀东坡是开恶例,日后子孙万代必援此例,神宗好美名,一定怕后人议论,或许就会改变心意。”

[注译]

子由的这段故事可与前篇李纲说服黄潜善任用张所的说辞相互对照起来看。

76!”、施仁望

【原文】

南唐周邺为左衙使,信州刺史本之子也,与禁帅刘素有隙。[刘即长公主婿。]升元中,金陵告灾,邺方潜饮人家,醉不能起,有闻于主者,主顾亲信施仁望曰:“率卫士十人诣灾所,见其驰救则释,不然,就戮于床 !”仁望既往,亟使召邺家语之。邺大怖,衣女子服,奔见仁望。仁望留之,洎火息,复命,至便殿门,会刘先至,亦将白灾事。仁望揣刘意不能蔽邺,又惧与偕罪,计出仓卒,遽排刘,越次见主,曰:“不为灾,邺诚如圣旨。”主曰:“戮之乎?”仁望曰:“邺父本方临敌境,臣未敢即时奉诏。”主抚几大悦曰:“几误我事!”仁望自此大获奖用,邺乃全恕。

【译文】

南唐周邺官左卫史(禁军长官),是信州刺史周本(五代吴人,谥恭烈)的儿子,与禁军元帅刘素(长公主夫婿)有仇怨。升元年间,金陵大火,周邺那晚因饮酒过量,在家大醉不起。

皇帝听说周业疏忽职守,就对亲信施仁望说:“率十名卫士前往火灾现场,如果周业在现场指挥救火就罢,如果他真醉倒在床 ,就当场杀了他。”施仁望一面赶往灾区,一面立即派人到周业家,周业一听大为惊恐,顾不得身上穿的是妇人衣服,就去见施仁望。施仁望留下周邺,等大火扑灭后,要周邺一同到偏殿。

这时刘素已经到了殿门,正要向皇帝禀报灾情。施仁望心想刘素一定会公报私仇,但又怕自己为周邺说情不成,反倒受连累,情急中突然一把推开刘素,抢在刘素前说:“火势已被扑灭,周业诚如皇帝所说。”

皇帝说:“你杀了他吗?”

施仁望答:“当时周业的父亲正准备领兵攻敌,臣不敢在他临行前执行圣旨。”

皇帝手拍桌子高兴的说:“朕几乎误了大事。”

日后,施仁望因这件事大获皇帝赏识因而重用,而周业酒醉怠忽职守一事也没有再追究。

762、李晟

【原文】

李怀光密与朱泚通谋,事迹颇露。李晟累奏,恐其有变,为所并,请移军东渭桥,上犹冀怀光革心,收其力用,奏寝不下。怀光欲缓战期,且激怒诸军,言“诸军粮赐薄,神策独厚,厚薄不均,难以进战。”上以财用方窘,若粮赐皆比神策,则无以给之;不然,又逆怀光意,恐诸军觖望,乃遣陆贽诣怀光营宣慰,因召李晟参议其事。怀光欲晟自乞减损,使失士心,沮败其功,乃曰:“将士战斗同,而粮赐异,何以使之协心?”贽未有言,数顾晟,晟曰:“公为元帅,得专号令,晟将一军,受指纵而已,至于增减衣食,公当裁之。”怀光

嘿然。

【译文】

唐朝时李怀光(靺鞨人,本姓茹,后赐姓李)暗中勾结朱泚(曾围德宗于奉天,李晟收复京师,朱泚为部将所杀)想造反,但事为李晟(字良器,曾收复京师,解德宗奉天之围,卒谥忠武)得知。李晟为防变乱发生,一面上奏请求准许增加东渭桥的兵力,一面也希望李怀光能弃暗投明,仍为朝廷效力。而李怀光也因无法完全掌握军心,而有意延缓谋反的日期,为了煽动军士情绪,上奏德宗说:“军士所领军饷不及神策军(唐禁军名),差别对待,恐怕很难安抚军士。”由于朝廷国库空虚,如果都比照神策军的军饷实在支付困难,但若不答应加饷又怕李怀光不高兴,部众情绪难平,于是德宗命陆贽同李晟到营地宣慰李怀光及军士们。

李怀光见两人来到营地,想要李晟先开口要求自己不要增加军饷,好激怒军士,使陆、李二人无法达成宣慰军士的使命,于是说:“我的军士们和神策军一样尽力报效朝廷,但所领的军饷却不一样,这种做法,怎能让人心服而同心协力、报效朝廷呢?”

陆贽频频看着李晟不说话,李晟说:“李公是元帅,施发号令谁敢不听;我只是一名部将,只能听命行事,至于是否增加军饷,请李公定夺。”李怀光哑口无言。

763、梁适 孙沔

【原文】

契丹遣使与中国书,所称“大宋”、“大契丹”,似非兄弟之国,今辄易曰“南朝”、”“北朝”。上诏中书,密院共议,辅臣多言:“不从将生隙。”梁庄肃曰:“此易屈耳,但答言宋盖本朝受命之土,契丹亦北朝国号,无故而自去,非佳兆。”其年贺正使来,复称“大宋”如故。

皇祐末,契丹请观太庙乐人,帝以问宰相,对曰:“恐非享祀,不可 也。”枢密副使孙公沔曰:“当以礼折之,云:‘庙乐之作,皆本朝所以歌咏祖宗功德也。他国可用耶,使人如能助吾祭,乃观之。’”仁宗从其言,使者不敢复请。

 

【译文】

契丹派使者到中国,谈到两国往来的文书,以“大宋”、“大契丹”,相互称呼,看起来不像是兄弟之国,应该改为“南朝”、“北朝”。皇帝下诏书 由书密院审议,大臣们都认为如果不答应契丹的建议,恐怕又会给予契丹生事的借口。梁适说:“这太容易处理了,只要说‘宋’是本朝当初承受天命,获得天下的建国之号。‘契丹’也一样是北朝开创以来的国号,随便更改国号不是好的征兆。”结果这年契丹派使者来中国恭贺新年,仍如以往一样称“大宋”。

宋仁宗皇祐末年,契丹请求观赏太庙乐工奏乐。仁宗询问宰相看法,宰相说:“恐怕契丹人不是诚心享祀,不能轻易答应。”孙沔(字元规,论事刚直)则说:“只要对契丹人说,按礼法,太庙乐曲是祭祀时为歌诵祖宗功德而演奏的,并不适用他国;如果契丹人愿意担任太庙祭祀的助祭人,大宋非常欢迎。”仁宗照孙沔的话答复契丹使者,使者不敢再提此事。

764、韩亿

【原文】

亿奉使契丹,时副使者为章献外姻,妄传太后旨于契丹,谕以南北欢好,传示子孙之意。亿初不知也,契丹主问亿曰:“皇太后即有旨,大使何不言?”亿对曰:“本朝每遣使,皇太后必以此戒约,非欲达之北朝也。”契丹主大喜曰:“此两朝生灵之福。”是时副使方失词,而亿反用以为德,时推其善对。

【译文】

宋朝时韩亿(字宗魏,仁宗时官尚书右丞,以太子少傅辞官)奉命出使契丹,副使者是太后外戚,大意之下对契丹主误传了太后旨意:“愿意与契丹结为亲家,以示欢好。”

契丹主对韩亿说:“皇太后既有结亲家的旨意,大使怎不早说呢?”

韩亿这才知道,原来是副使在契丹主面前 言乱语,当场回答说:“本朝每次派遣使者前来契丹,临行时太后总不忘提醒使者,对待契丹人要如皇室亲家般恭敬,并非太后有旨要与契丹主结亲。”

契丹主很高兴的说:“若真能结亲,是两国朝野的福气。”

这时副使才知道自己大意失言,而韩亿得体的回答,却使得契丹主深感恩 。当时的人都说韩亿善于应对。

765、冯京

【原文】

王定国素为冯当世所知,而荆公绝不乐之。一日,当世力荐于神祖,荆公即曰:“此孺子耳。”当世忿曰:“王巩戊子生,安得谓之孺子!”[尖甚,恶甚!]盖巩之生与同天节同日也,荆公愕然,不觉退立。

【译文】

宋朝人王巩(字定国,号清虚先生)是冯当世(即冯京,谥文简)的好友,但王安石不喜欢他。

一天,冯京在神宗面前极力推荐王巩,一旁的王安石说:“王巩只是个乳臭未干的小子罢了。”冯京生气的说:“王巩是戊子年生,怎能说是乳臭未干的小子呢?”原来王巩和神宗是同年生,王安石惊觉自己失言,只有退立一旁。

766、邵雍

【原文】

司马公一日见康节曰:“明日僧颙修开堂说法。富公、吕晦叔欲偕往听之,晦叔贪佛,已不可劝;富公果往,于理未便。某后进,不敢言,先生曷止之?”康节唯唯。明日康节往见富公,曰:“闻上欲用裴晋公礼起公。”公笑曰:“先生谓某衰病能起否?”康节曰:“固也,或人言‘上命公,公不起;僧开堂,公即出’,无乃不可乎?”公惊曰:“某未之思也!”[时富公请告。]

【译文】

宋朝时,有一天司马光对邵康节(即邵雍)说:“明天僧人颙修开堂讲佛法。富公(富弼)、吕晦叔都会去听讲。晦叔沉迷佛法,是劝不动他的;但如果富公真的前去听讲,在情理上或许会引人议论。我是晚辈不敢劝阻,先生何不劝阻富公呢?”邵康节点头答应。

第二天邵康节见了富弼,说:“听说皇上将任命裴晋公新职,请富公观礼。”富弼笑着说:“我有病在身,怎能去观礼呢?”邵康节说:“富公有病当然不能去,但如果富公有意听颙修讲道,只怕有人会议论富公违抗皇命,托病不去观礼,却能听和尚讲道,这恐怕不合礼法。”富弼吃惊的说:“这我倒真的没想到[当时富弼已向皇帝告假]!”

767、谢庄

【原文】

庄,字希逸,孝武尝赐庄宝剑,庄以与鲁爽。后爽叛,帝偶问及剑所在,答曰:“昔与鲁爽别,窃借为陛下杜邮之赐矣。”

【译文】

南朝宋孝武帝曾赐谢庄(字希逸)一把宝剑,可是他却转送给鲁爽了。后来鲁爽谋反,孝武帝问起宝剑的下落,谢庄机智的说:“当年臣与鲁爽离别时,就悄悄代陛下行‘杜邮之赐’了。”

[注释译文]

杜邮之赐,是战国时的典故。秦国大将白起,由于跟宰相范雎有争执,罢兵拒绝作战。秦王一生气,就赐剑他自杀。因为自杀的地点在杜邮,所以后人以“杜邮之赐”表示赐剑自杀。

768、裴楷 王份 王景文 崔光

【原文】

晋武始登阼,采策得一,王者世数,视此多少;帝既不悦,君臣失色。侍中裴楷进曰:“臣闻:天得一以清,地得一以宁,侯王得一以为天下贞。”帝悦,君臣叹服。

梁武帝问王侍中份:“朕为有耶,为无耶?”对曰:“陛下应万物为有,体至理为无。”

宋文帝钓天泉池,垂纶不获,王景文曰:“良由垂纶者清,故不获贪饵。”

元魏高祖名子恂、愉、悦、怿,崔光名子劭、勖、勉。高祖曰:“我儿名旁皆有心,卿儿名旁皆有力。”对曰:“所谓君子劳心,小人劳力。”

[评议]

王弇州曰:“人虽以捷供奉,然语不妨雅致。若桓玄篡位,初登御床 而陷,殷仲文曰:“将由圣德深厚,地不能载。”

梁武宫门灾,谓群臣曰:“我意方欲更新。”何敬容曰:“此所谓先天而天弗违。”

又,武帝即位,有猛虎入建康郭,象入 陵,上意不悦,以问群臣,无敢对者。王莹曰:“昔‘击石拊石,百兽率舞。’陛下膺箓御图,虎象来格。”纵极赡辞,不能不令人呕秽。

【译文】

晋武帝初登基时,抽到签数“一”。古人卜算王朝传位的世数,都以所抽中数字论多寡,所以武帝非常不高兴,众臣们也不敢多话。侍中裴楷(字叔则,卒谥元)奏道:“微臣听说天得一就冲和清平,地得一就四方安宁,王侯得一则天下诚信。”武帝听了转怒为喜,众臣们见龙颜大悦,也不得不叹服裴楷的机智。

有一天梁武帝问王份说:“朕是‘有’呢,还是‘无’呢?”王份说:“陛下顺应万物是‘有’,但以本体来看是‘无’。”

宋文帝有一次到天泉池钓鱼,钓了许久都不见鱼儿上钓,觉得非常懊恼,王景文说:“圣王一出天下清澈,所以鱼儿不敢贪吃饵食。”

元魏高祖为皇子们分别取名恂、愉、悦、怿,崔光(本名孝伯,字长仁,孝文皇帝赐名光)则分别为儿子们取名劭、勖、勉。高祖说:我儿的名旁都有心,贤卿的儿名旁都有力。”崔光说:“这就是所谓君子劳心,小人劳力。”

[注释译文]

王弇州(即王世贞,字子美)说:“许多人虽以才思敏捷迎奉皇上而出名,但用语仍应力求雅致。譬如桓玄篡位后,初次睡龙床 时,龙床 发生塌陷。殷仲文(善写文章)说:‘吾皇圣德深厚,大地承载不了,所以龙床 塌陷。’”

梁武帝时,宫门起火,武帝对群臣说:“寡人正想重修宫门,没想到旧门却先起火了。”何敬容(字国体,官至尚书左仆射)说:“这就是陛下能先一步了解天意,而天也不敢违逆陛下的心意。”

又武帝即位时,传出老虎闯入京师,大象出现在 陵的奇事,武帝认为不吉,询问大臣们的看法,大臣们都不敢说。王莹(字奉光,官至丹尹)说:“从前圣人敲击石块,百兽随着敲击的节拍起舞,现在陛下登基,虎象争相来贺,这是吉兆啊!”

言辞典雅,但奉迎巴结,不能不说令人作呕。

769、杨廷和 顾鼎臣

【原文】

辛巳,肃庙入继大统,方在冲年。登极之日,御龙袍颇长,上府视不已,大学士杨廷和奏云:“陛下垂衣裳而天下治。”圣情甚悦。

嘉靖初,讲官顾鼎臣讲《孟子》“咸丘蒙”章,至“放勋殂落”语,侍臣皆惊,顾徐云:“尧是时已百有二十岁矣。”众心始安。

[述评]

世宗多忌讳,是时科场出题,务择佳语,如《论语》“无为而治”节,《孟子》“我非尧、舜之道”二句题,主司皆获遣。疑“无为”非有为,“我非尧、舜”四字似谤语也。

又命内侍读乡试录,题是“仁以为己任,不亦重乎”,上忽问:“下文云何?”内侍对曰:“下文是‘兴于诗’云云。”此内侍亦有智。

【译文】

唐肃宗登基那年正巧与自己生肖相冲。即位当天,肃宗认为龙袍衣摆太长,频频低头俯视,觉得非常不顺心。大学士杨廷和(字介夫)见肃宗神情,启奏说:“陛下垂衣裳而天下治。”肃宗一听,不由龙心大悦。

明嘉靖初年,讲读官顾鼎成(字九和,号未斋)有一次讲解《孟子》“咸丘蒙章”时,说到“放勋(帝尧的名号)殂落”这句,一旁的大臣怕皇上听了不高兴,都惊惧不已。顾鼎成不慌不忙的接着说:“尧这时已有一百二十多岁了。”众臣一听才心安。

[述评译文]

明世宗平日有许多忌讳。明代科举考试,都喜欢用佳句名言为试题,出《论语》中“无为而治”,及《孟子》中“我非尧舜之道”两句为题的主考官都遭到过世宗责骂,认为“无为”就是指“没有作为”,而“我非尧舜”四字有隐射自己的意思。

另有一次,世宗命内臣读乡试(科举时代每三年集合各生到省城参加考试,称为乡试)题目,有题是“仁以为己任不亦重乎”,世宗突然问内臣下句是什么,内臣答:“下句是兴于诗。”

看来这内臣满聪明的。

770、宗泽

【原文】

宗汝霖泽政和初知莱州掖县时,户部着提举司科买牛黄,以供在京惠民和剂局合药用,督责急如星火。州县百姓竞屠牛以取黄。既不登所科之数,则相与敛钱以赂吏胥祈免。[边批:弊所必至。]汝霖独以状申提举司,言“牛遇岁疫则多病有黄,今太平日久,和气充塞,县境牛皆充腯,无黄可取。”使者不能诘,一县获免,无不欢戴。

【译文】

宗泽(字汝霖)在北宋徽宗政和初年为蔡州掖知县时,户部为供应京师治病合药,命提举司(官名,主管特种事务之官)买牛黄(药名,病牛胆汗凝结成粒状或块状,可治惊厥等症)。州县百姓在督府催下,竟杀牛取牛黄,但数量仍不敷户部的要求。有些县民利用征购牛黄不须登记姓名的规定,就用钱买通吏卒,请求免征牛黄。宗汝霖见贿赂风气盛行,于是上书提举司,说:“年岁不好,牛只才会感染疾病,也才有牛黄可取;现在天下太平好多年了,物富民丰,县内牛只肥壮康健,哪有牛黄可取?”提举司无话可答,于是全县免征牛黄,百姓们无不欢天喜地。

77!”、潘京

【原文】

晋良吏潘京为州所辟,谒见射策,探得“不孝”字,刺史戏曰:“辟士为不孝耶?”答曰:“今为忠臣,不得为孝子。”

【译文】

晋朝时潘京(字世长,有机智辩才)为州官辟召,谒见皇上射策(古时测试士人方法之一,将题目写在竹策上,想射策者可随便取一策,就题阐释),抽到的试题是“不孝。”刺史开玩笑说:“辟士是个不孝子吗?”潘京回答说:“现在既为朝廷忠臣,也就无法兼顾孝道了。”

772、某布政司吏

【原文】

相传某布政请按台酒,坐间,布政以多子为忧。按君只一子,又忧其寡。吏在傍云:“子好不须多。”布政闻之,因谓曰:“我多子,汝又云何?”答曰:“子好不愁多。”二公大称赞,共汲引之。

【译文】

传说有某个布政使请按台喝酒,席间,布政史担心自己儿女太多,而按台却担心自己只有一子,太少了。

一旁小吏听了接口道:“儿子好是不需要多的。”

布政史说:“那我儿子多了怎么办。”

小吏说:“儿子好就不愁多。”

于是二人都高兴,一起提拔这个反应快的小吏。

773、朱熹

【原文】

廖德明,字子晦,朱文公高弟也。少时梦谒大乾,阍者索刺,出诸袖,视其题字云“宣教郎廖某”,遂觉。后登第改秩,以宣教郎宰闽。思前梦,恐官止此,不欲行。亲友相勉,为质之文公。公沉思良久,曰:“得之矣。”因指案上物曰:“人与器不同。如笔止能为笔,不能为砚;剑止能为剑,不能为琴。故其成毁久远有一定不易之数。唯人不然,有朝为跖暮为舜者,故其吉凶祸福亦随而变,难以一定言。今子赴官,但当力行好事,前梦不足芥蒂。”廖拜而受教,后把麾持节,官至正郎。

【译文】

宋朝人廖德明(字子晦)是朱文公(即朱熹,集南宋理学大成,文是谥号)的高足。年轻时曾梦到自己谒见皇上,守门吏卒索取名片通报,廖德明梦见自己由袖中抽出一张署名“宣教郎廖某”的名片,一惊之下就醒了。

后来廖德明中榜派官,被任命为宣教郎,治理福建。廖德明想起当年的梦境,怕自己官职仅止于宣教郎,不想赴任。但亲友都劝勉他,却拿不定主意,于是去征求朱熹的意见。

朱熹沉思良久,而后说:“我知道了。”接着指桌上的文具:“人和器物不同。像笔只能是笔,不能当砚台用;剑只能是剑,不能当琴弹。所以不论它的年限有多长,它的功用是不变的。惟有人不同,也许早上是凶残的盗跖,到晚上心念转变,立地成佛,成为尧舜。所以一个人的吉凶祸福,也会随人的际遇、心念而改变,很难事先有定论。今天你奉命治理福建,只要尽心竭力嘉惠百姓,梦中所见不必耿耿于怀。”

廖德明拜谢离去,后来廖德明果然官至正郎。

774、吴山

【原文】

丹徒靳文僖贵之继夫人,年未三十而寡,有司为之奏请旌典,事下礼部,而仪曹郎与靳有姻女连,因力为之地。礼部尚书吴山曰:“凡义夫节妇,孝之顺孙诸旌典,为匹夫匹妇发潜德之光,以风世耳。若士大夫,何人不当为节义孝顺者!靳夫人既生受殊封,奈何与匹夫争 灵乎?”[确论名言。]会赴直入西苑,与大学士徐阶遇。阶亦以为言,山正色曰:“相公亦虑阁老夫人再醮耶?”阶语塞而止。

[评]

今日“节义”、“孝顺”诸旌典,只有士大夫之家,可随求随得;其次则富家,犹间可力营致之。匹夫匹妇绝望矣!若存吴宗伯之说,使士大夫还而自思,所以救旌异其亲者,反以薄待其亲。庶乎干进之路稍绝,而富家营求之余,或可波及单贱,世风稍有振乎!推之“名宦”、“乡贤”,莫不皆然。名宦载在祭统,非有大功德及民者不祀,乡贤则须有三不朽之业。若寻常好官好人,分内之事,何以祠为?又推之“乡饮”亦然。乡饮须年高有德望者,乃可以表帅一乡。今封公无不大宾者,而介必以贿得,国家尊老礼贤之典,止以供人腹诽而已,此皆吴宗伯所笑也!

【译文】

明朝人靳贵(字文僖)的继室,不到三十岁就守寡,官员拟奏请皇帝建坊表扬,皇帝 付礼部研商,而仪曹郎(官名,掌吉凶礼制)和靳家是姻亲,更是极力促成此事。

礼部尚书吴山说:“以往立碑是因普通百姓能发挥忠孝节义的德行,可为子孙模范,其用意是为惕励世人。至于士大夫,哪个不该力行忠义,孝上悌下呢?靳夫人即然曾接受皇上册封,为什么还要和普通百姓争荣 呢?”

后来在往西苑路上,正巧碰到学士徐阶(字子升,谥文贞),徐阶也赞同建坊表扬,吴山严肃的说:“难道先生是怕靳夫人再嫁吗?”徐阶不敢再多言。

[评译文]

今天(指明朝)建坊表扬忠孝节义,只限于士大夫之家;其次是富豪大户可以用钱营求,至于普通百姓,根本不用梦想。若是吴山的见解能被接受,士大夫们能自我反省,明白建碑坊表扬亲人,就自己身份地位而言其实反而是苛待了亲人,或许能打消一些人请立碑坊的念头。而富豪大户在用钱营求之余,朝廷或许也会考虑为地位卑微的百姓建碑,不也能稍振世风吗?其实,推而广之,一般达官乡绅都应如此。

古时能留名于《祭统》(《礼记》篇名,记祭祀之本)的官员,若不是有极大的功德或对百姓有大恩德的,一律不予祭祀。一般的乡绅则必须有立德、立功、立言三不朽的功业,若只是普通好官、好人,这本就是做人的本份,为什么要特别祭拜呢?

至于乡饮(古时每三年举行大考,乡大夫推举贤者于君,临行时饮酒饯别)也是一样。举行乡饮必是推举年高德劭,可以做为一乡表率。可是现在册封名号无不大宴宾客,贿赂风气也随之而起,国家尊老礼贤的典礼只徒具形式。这种种现象,恐怕都会受到吴山耻笑吧!

775、宋均 卢垣

【原文】

东汉宋均常言:“吏能宏厚,虽贪污放纵犹无所害,[边批:甚言之。]唯苛察之人,身虽廉,而巧黠刻剜,毒加百姓。”识者以为确论,[边批:廉吏无后,往往坐此。]

唐卢坦,字保衡,始仕为河南尉,时杜黄裳为尹,召坦谕曰:“某巨室子,与恶人游,破产,盍察之。”坦曰:“凡居官廉,虽大臣无厚蓄,其能积财者,必剥下致之。如子孙善守,是天富不道之家;不若恣其不道,以归于人也!”黄裳惊异其言。

[评]

只说得“酷”、“贪”二字,但议论痛快,便觉开天。

【译文】

东汉宋均常常说,官吏若是心地宽厚,纵使稍爱钱财、行为放纵[此是极端言之。]仍不会成为百姓的大害;倒是为人严苛的官吏,虽廉洁刚直,但因太过严峻,反而最是百姓的大患。很多有识之士认为他的说法有道理。

唐朝人卢垣初为河南尉时,杜黄裳为令尹。一天,召见卢垣说:“有个大官儿子不慎 了坏朋友,现在家财败尽。你深入调查一下,了解详情。”

卢垣说:“凡是为官清廉,虽位高权重,仍不会有丰厚家产;若有家财庞大,必是剥削百姓累积而来。假使子孙能守财,那是上天要使不道之家富有,人也没法;若是不能守财,那是取于人还于人,还有什么好调查的。”

杜黄裳对卢垣的回答觉得非常讶异。

[评译文]

虽然只涉及“酷”、“贪”二字,但议论痛快,别开生面。 

拼音版对照

di qi bu           yu zhi

yu zhi bu zong xu

【 yuan wen】

feng zi yue: zhi fei yu ye, yu zhi fei zhi ye, die die zhe bi qiong, qi qi zhe you yong, zhang fu zhe he bi you kou zai! gu ye, yi you yi yan。 liang she xiang zhan, li zhe bi shen; liang li xiang zhi, bian zhe xian shou。 zi fang yi zhi shi, zhong lian yi zhi gao, zhuang sheng yi zhi kuang da, yi、 yan yi zhi fu gui, duan mu zi yi zhi lie yu si ke, meng shi yi zhi cheng san sheng。 gu yi yan er huo zhong yu jiu ding, dan shuo er huo qiang yu shi wan shi, pian zhi shu er huo xian yu shi bu cong shi, kou she zhi quan gu bu zhong yu?“ tan yan wei zhong, zu yi jie fen”;“ yan zhi wu wen, xing zhi bu yuan”。 jun zi yi yan yi wei zhi, yi yan yi wei bu zhi。 zhi ze yu nei, yan yi yu wai。《 shi》 yue:“ wei qi you zhi, shi yi si zhi。” ci zhi wei ye。

【 yi wen】

zhi hui bu deng tong yu yan yu, jian si cong ming ji qiao de yan yu jue dui bu deng yu zhi hui, die die bu xiu de ren yi ding mei hao jie guo, fan dao shi yi xie kan si ne ne bu neng yan de ren neng cheng gong, zhe yang kan lai, zhi hui de ren, you he bi xu yao ji qiao de yu yan neng li ne? ran er ye you ling yi ge jiao du de kan fa, liang fang bu tong de yan lun ji bian, tong chang shi you li de yi fang huo sheng; er liang zhong bu tong de dao li chong tu, ye wang wang shi you neng li chong fen shuo ming de yi fang de zhe cai xing。 li shi shang zhang liang yi yan lun er cheng wei wang zhe shi, lu zhong lian yi yan lun er ming gao chu han zhi ji。 suo yi, yan lun de li liang ke yi gao yu jiu ding, ke yi qiang guo shi wan jun dui, yi jing yi wei de yan lun, ke yi jie kai fen za de kun jing。 yan lun de shi xing, ke yi rang zhi hui guang wei chuan yang。 zhe me lai shuo, you zen me ke yi bu zhong yan yu ne? er yan yu zhen zheng de ji chu, hai shi zai yu zhi hui, nei xin you chong yi de zhi hui, zi ran hui sheng chu zhi hui de yan yu lai。《 shi jing》 shuo:“ yin wei you zhe yang de ben zhi, suo yi biao xiang lai kan shi zhe me hui shi。” shuo de zheng shi zhe ge yi si。

shi jiu  bian cai wu ai

【 yuan wen】

qiao tong you ci, zheng guo lai yan; liao cheng yi shi, ming gao lu lian; pai nan jie fen, bian zai xian xian; bai er jun zi, wu yi yao yan。 ji“ bian cai”。

 

【 yi wen】

zi chan yi kou she zhe fu jin chu, shi zheng guo mian huo shu shi nian; lu zhong lian yi yi feng bang zai jian shang de xin, shuo fu yan jun tui bing。 li shi shang you wu shu wei nan, dou zai zhi zhe de bian cai xia xiao yu wu xing。

727、 zi gong

【 yuan wen】

wu zheng hui yu zhu hou, wei hou hou zhi, wu ren fan wei hou zhi she。 zi gong shuo tai zai? he hu?ldquo; wei jun zhi lai, bi mou yu qi zhong, qi zhong huo yu huo fou, shi yi huan lai。 qi yu lai zhe, zi zhi yi dang yi ye; qi bu yu lai zhe, zi zhi chou ye。 ruo zhi wei hou, shi duo yi dang yi er chong chou ye。”? he dan? song yu lan??/p>

tian chang yu zuo luan yu qi, dan gao、 guo、 bao、 yan, gu yi qi bing, yu yi fa lu。 kong zi wen zhi, wei men di zi yue:“ fu lu, fen mu suo chu, er san zi he wei mo chu?” zi lu qing chu, kong zi zhi zhi。 zi zhang、 zi shi qing xing, kong zi fu xu。 zi gong qing, kong zi xu zhi。 sui xing zhi qi, shuo tian chang yue:“ jun zhi fa lu, guo yi! fu lu, nan fa zhi guo: qi cheng bo yi bei, qi di xia yi xie, qi jun yu er bu ren, da chen wei er wu yong, qi shi min you e jia bing zhi shi,—— ci bu ke yu zhan。 jun bu ru fa wu, fu wu cheng gao yi hou, di guang yi shen, jia jian yi xin, shi xuan yi bao, zhong qi yi jing yi bing, jin zai qi zhong, you shi ming da fu shou zhi,—— ci yi fa ye。” tian chang fen ran zuo se, yue:“ zi zhi suo nan, ren zhi suo yi; zi zhi suo yi, ren zhi suo nan, er yi jiao chang, he ye?”[ bian pi: zheng shi bian duan。] zi gong yue:“ chen wen zhi:‘ you zai nei zhe gong qiang, you zai wai zhe gong ruo。’ jin jun po lu yi guang qi, zhan sheng yi jiao zhu, po guo yi zun chen, er jun zhi gong bu yu yan, er yi jiao yi ri shu yu wang。 shi jun shang jiao zhu xin, xia zi qun chen, qiu yi cheng da shi, nan yi! fu shang jiao ze zi, chen jiao ze zheng, shi jun shang yu zhu you xi, xia yu da chen yi jiao yi zheng ye, ru ci ze jun zhi li yu qi, wei yi! gu yue bu ru fa wu, fa wu bu sheng, min ren wai si, da chen nei kong, shi jun shang wu qiang chen zhi di, xia wu min ren zhi guo, gu zhu zhi qi zhe, wei jun ye。” tian chang yue:“ shan。 sui ran, wu bing ye yi jia lu yi, qu er zhi wu, da chen yi wo, nai he?” zi gong yue:“ jun an bing wu fa, chen qing wang shi wu wang, ling zhi jiu lu er fa qi, jun yin yi bing ying zhi。”

tian chang xu zhi, shi zi gong nan jian wu wang, shuo yue:“ chen wen zhi:‘ wang zhe bu jue shi, ba zhe wu qiang di。’‘ qian jun zhi zhong, jia zhu er yi。’ jin yi wan cheng zhi qi, er si qian cheng zhi lu, yu wu zheng qiang, qie wei wang wei zhi。 qie fu jiu lu, xian ming ye; fa qi, da li ye。 yi fu si shang zhu hou, zhu bao qi er fu qiang jin, li mo da yan, ming cun wang lu, shi kun qiang qi, zhi zhe bu yi ye。” wu wang yue:“ shan。 sui ran, wu chang yu yue zhan, qi zhi hui ji。 yue wang ku shen yang shi, you bao wo xin, zi dai wo fa yue er ting zi。” zi gong yue:“ yue zhi jin bu guo lu, qiang bu guo qi, wang zhi qi er fa yue, ze qi yi ping lu yi。 qie wang fang yi cun wang ji jue wei ming, fu fa xiao yue er wei qiang qi, fei yong ye; fu yong zhe bu bi nan, ren zhe bu qiong yue, zhi zhe bu shi shi。 jin cun yue shi zhu hou yi ren, jiu lu fa qi, wei jia jin guo, zhu hou bi xiang lv er chao, wu ba ye cheng yi。 qie wang bi e yue, chen qing dong jian yue wang, ling chu bing yi cong, ci shi kong yue, ming cong zhu hou yi fa ye。” wu wang da shuo, nai shi zi gong zhi yue。

yue wang chu dao jiao ying, shen yu zhi she, er wen yue:“ ci man yi zhi guo, da fu he yi hui ran ru er lin zhi?” zi gong yue:“ jin zhe wu shuo wu wang yi jiu lu fa qi, qi zhi yu zhi er wei yue, yue:‘ dai wo fa yue nai ke。’ ru ci po yue bi yi。 qie fu wu bao ren zhi zhi er ling ren yi zhi, zhuo ye; you bao ren zhi yi shi ren zhi zhi, dai ye; shi wei fa er xian wen, wei ye。 san zhe ju shi zhi da huan。” gou jian dun shou zai bai, yue:“ gu chang bu liao li, nai yu wu zhan, kun yu hui ji, tong ru yu gu sui, ri ye jiao chun gan she, tu yu yu wu wang jie zhong er si, gu zhi yuan ye。” sui wen zi gong, zi gong yue:“ wu wang wei ren meng bao, qun chen bu kan, guo jia bi yu shu zhan, shi zu fu ren, bai xing yuan shang, da chen nei bian; zi xu yi jian si, tai zai? he meng long? chen???? yuan cai lu jian? qian xie?? wo bing= lian bu xi⑹ kong wo san?? zang chu xuan jing? tuoσ yun deng qiu mo? an qie zai an xi ban? zhuoテ dong bian bing1 su jiang huangぃ? chuo?R ying hui jiaoぃ? bian yuan? pai?3 ji dong beng chang??? gu buブ?? qiao jue bian yinF cong pi?∮ chan mao? dian zhuoв qiao??? chuo po xun zheng? si yao jue bian yin?rdquo; yue wang da shuo, xu nuo, song zi gong jin bai yi、 jian yi、 liang mao er。 zi gong bu shou, sui xing。

bao wu wang yue:“ chen jing yi da wang zhi yan gao yue wang, yue wang da kong, yue:“ gu bu xing, shao shi xian ren, nei bu zi liang, di zui yu wu, jun bai shen ru, qi yu hui ji。 guo wei xu mang, lai da wang zhi ci, shi de feng zu dou er xiu ji si, si bu gan wang, he mou zhi gan lv!” hou wu ri, yue shi da fu zhong dun shou yan yu wu wang yue:“ dong hai yi chen gu gou jian shi zhe chen zhong, gan xiu xia li wen yu zuo you, jin qie wen da wang jiang xing da yi, zhu qiang jiu ruo, kun bao qi er fu zhou shi, qing xi qi jing nei shi zu san qian ren, gu qing zi bei jian zhi rui, yi xian shou shi shi, yin yue jian chen zhong feng xian ren zang qi jia er shi ling、 qu lu zhi mao、 bu guang zhi jian, yi he jun li。” wu wang da shuo, yi gao zi gong yue:“ yue wang yu shen cong gua ren fa qi, ke hu?” zi gong yue:“ bu ke, fu kong ren zhi guo, xi ren zhi zhong, you cong qi jun, bu yi。 jun shou qi bi, xu qi shi, er ci qi jun。” wu wang xu nuo, nai xie yue wang。 yu shi wu wang nai sui fa jiu jun bing fa qi。

zi gong yin qu zhi jin, wei jin jun yue:“ chen wen zhi:‘ lv bu xian ding, bu ke yi ying zu; bing bu xian bian, bu ke yi sheng di。’ jin fu wu yu qi jiang zhan。 bi zhan er sheng, yue luan zhi bi yi; yu qi zhan er sheng, bi yi qi bing lin jin!” jin jun da kong, yue:“ wei zhi nai he?” zi gong yue:“ xiu bing xiu zu yi dai zhi。” jin jun xu nuo。

zi gong qu er zhi lu, wu wang guo yu qi ren zhan yu ai ling, da po qi shi, huo qi jiang jun zhi bing er bu gui, guo yi bing lin jin, yu jin ren xiang yu huang chi zhi shang。 wu、 jin zheng qiang, jin ren ji zhi, da bai wu shi。 yue wang wen zhi, she yi jiang yi xi wu, qu cheng qi li er jun, wu wang wen zhi, qu jin er gui, yu yue zhan yu wu hu。 san zhan bu sheng, cheng men bu shou, yue sui wei wang gong, sha fu cha er lu qi xiang。 po wu san nian, dong xiang er ba。 gu zi gong yi chu, cun lu、 luan qi、 po wu、 zhi jin er ba yue, shi nian zhi zhong, wu guo ge you bian。 zhi shi zong heng zhi zu, quan bu si sheng xian men feng。

【 yi wen】

wu wang fa tie yao yue zhu hou, wei hou dao de zui wan, tai zai bo?? chun qiu chu ren, wu wang fu cha bai yue, ju jian pai wen zhong qiu he, yue hou mie wu, yi? han hui yi e? pai wu bing bao yi pi wei wei hou suo zhu de xing guan。

zi gong de zhi ci shi, qu dui bo? he dan?ldquo; wei hou fu yue qian yi ding he zhong chen shang yi guo, zhong chen zhong ye yi ding you ren zan cheng, you ren fan dui, yi jian fen qi, suo yi wei hou cai dao de wan。 zan cheng wei hou qian lai de da chen shi nin de peng you, chi fan dui yi jian de jiu shi nin de di ren。 jin tian nin pai bing bao yi pi wei wei hou xing guan, zhe shi bei qi peng you、 zhu chang di ren sheng shi de zuo fa。”

bo? he? su yong bi huo? ai? tuo lv zhen fang chuan?u> yi pi wei wei hou xing guan de ren ma。

tian chang( chun qiu qi ren, ji tian heng, han bi xiao wen di hui gai heng wei chang) you cuan guo zhi xin, dan gu ji gao、 guo, bao、 yan deng qi guo de da chen, suo yi da suan tao fa lu guo yi li wei。 kong zi zheng zai lu guo, ting shuo tian chang jiang lv bing fa lu, dui men xia di zi shuo:“ lu guo shi wo de zu guo, xian zai qing shi wei ji, ni men zen bu xiang ban fa wan jiu lu guo ne?” zi zhang( xing zhuan sun, ming shi)、 zi shi( ji gong sun long) dou zi yuan chu men you shuo, dan kong zi zhi da ying zi gong qu。

zi gong xiang kong zi ci xing hou, bian zhi jie dao qi guo qiu jian tian chang。 zi gong dui tian chang shuo:“ qi guo chu bing gong lu, wo yi wei shi yan zhong de cuo wu, yin wei lu guo shi ge nan yi zheng fu de guo jia。 lu guo cheng qiang di, cheng bi bo, guo tu xia xiao, jun wang nuo ruo, da chen yu mei, bai xing you yan e zhan zheng, suo yi wo shuo nan yi zheng fu; xiang guo bu ru fa wu, wu guo cheng qiang gao, cheng bi hou, guo tu liao kuo, bing yi jing yi jia li, zhan jiang ru yun, zhe cai rong yi zheng tao。”

tian chang yi ting, da wei sheng qi, shuo:“ nin shuo de kun nan, shi yi ban ren shuo de rong yi; nin shuo de rong yi, que shi yi ban ren shuo de kun nan。 wei shen me dui wo shuo zhe me huang miu de hua ne?”

zi gong shuo:“ wo ting ren shuo:‘ guo jia nei bu you wen ti, yao xuan ze qiang guo lai gong ji; xiang fan de, guo jia wai bu you wen ti, ze xuan ze ruo guo lai gong ji。’ da bai lu guo, zao cheng qi guo jiang yu de kuo zhang, zhi hui shi qi wang jiao ao, chao chen jiao yi chong yi , gong lao bu zai xiang guo nin ge ren shen shang, yu shi nin zai qi wang xin zhong de fen liang jiu jian ruo le。 ke zhe wan quan shi nin chu bing de bu dang zao cheng de, dao zhi qi wang gao ao, da chen quan zhong, nin xiang yao jin yi bu cheng jiu shen me da shi, jiu kun nan le。 geng yan zhong de shi, hai hui jin yi bu shi nin shang yu jun wang shu yuan, xia yu qun chen zheng quan, jiu lian yuan you de di wei ye ji ji ke wei。 suo yi wo shuo bu ru chu bing gong wu。 fa wu bu sheng, qi guo de bing li zhe sun yu zhan chang, dui nin you wei xie de da chen wu jiang ye xiao jian yi kong, dao shi hou, you neng li zhang wo zheng ge qi guo de zhi you xiang guo nin yi ren le。”

tian chang lian se zhe cai he huan xia lai, dian tou shuo dao:“ xian sheng de fen xi sui you li, dan wo jun yi jing kai dao lu guo bian jing, ru guo hu ran ming ling jun dui fa wu, da chen men hui qi yi xin, xian sheng kan gai zen me ban ne?”

zi gong shuo:“ xiang guo xian xiang ban fa tuo zhu jun dui, wo li ji qian wang wu guo, shuo fu wu wang wei jiu lu er fa qi, xiang guo zai chu bing ying di, zhe me yi lai, zai cong ming de da chen ye bu hui huai yi xiang guo de yong xin。” tian chang yi kou da ying。

zi gong ci bie tian chang hou, li ji lian ye gan wang wu guo, dui wu wang fu cha shuo:“ chen ting shuo zhen zheng de wang zhe bu hui mie jue bie ren de shi zu, zhen zheng de ba zhu mei you ke wei ju de di ren。 qian jun sui zhong, dan shi jia yi zhu jiu ke dong yao。 jin tian qiang qi fa ruo lu, bai ming le he wu guo zheng duo ba quan, dui wang er yan shi yi da wei xie, da wang wei he bu fa qi yi jiu lu ne? jiu lu neng zhang xian da wang jiu jue cun wang de ren ming, fa qi neng de dao da li, si shui yi dai de ge ge xiao guo ke yin ci hua ru wu guo shou zhong, ji ji po you zheng ba shi li de qiang qi, you ke rang qiang da de jin guo wang feng chen fu, hai you shen me bi zhe ge dui wu guo geng you li de ne? zai shuo da wang yi jiu lu wei ming chu bing, qi shi shi wei le ji po qi guo, you zhe ge ming yi he ji hui, ge guo zhu hou zai li hai ye wu fa zhi yi da wang nin chu bing de zheng dang xing。”

wu wang shuo:“ hao shi hao, bu guo ben wang zeng yu yue da zhan yi chang, ji bai ta zhi hou ba ta an zhi zai hui ji。 duo nian lai gou jian wo xin chang dan fa fen tu qiang, xiang dui wo jin xing bao fu。 wei chu hou huan, dai ben wang xian fa yue hou jiu lu。”

zi gong shuo:“ bu xing。 yue de shi li hao bi lu guo, er wu he qi ze shi shi li cha bu duo de yi ji qiang guo, deng da wang nin ji po yue guo, qi guo ye zao yi na xia lu guo le。 zai shuo da wang shi yi cun wang ji jue de ming yi chu bing fa qi, xian zai xian tao fa xiao xiao de yue guo, hui bei kan cheng wu guo shi ju pa qi guo de qiang da, zhe bu shi yong gan de biao xian。 zhen zheng de yong zhe bu pa kun nan, zhen zheng de ren zhe bu pa yi shi de kun dun, zhen zheng de zhi zhe bu hui cuo shi liang ji。 jin tian xian bu mie yue guo, shi dui zhu hou xian shi da wang de ren de; wei jiu lu er fa qi, bi neng shi jin guo gan shou wu guo guo li de qiang da, qi ta zhu hou ye bi hui yin wu guo de qiang da er chen fu, na me da wang de ba ye jiu lai lin le。 ru guo da wang shi zai fang xin bu xia, wo yuan wei da wang pao yi tang yue guo, yao yue wang chu bing sui da wang fa qi, zhe yang yue guo jing nei jiu wu bing ke yong, da wang ye bu yong dan xin gou jian hui cheng ji bao fu le。”

wu wang fei chang gao xing。

zi gong li kai wu guo hou, li ji qian wang yue guo。 yue wang ju jian ting shuo zi gong yao lai, li ji ling ren qing sao dao lu, bing zai san shi li wai qin ying zi gong, feng wei shang bin。

yue wang shuo:“ yue guo di chu pian pi, zen gan fan lao xian sheng qin zi qian lai!”

zi gong shuo:“ wo lai zhi qian, zeng xiang shuo fu wu wang jiu lu fa qi, dan wu wang xiang chu bing que dan xin yue guo chen ji gong ji wu guo, jian chi yao mie yue cai ken fa qi, ru ci, yue guo mie wang bian zai dan xi zhi jian。 wo ting shuo, yi ge ren ru guo mei you bao chou zhi xin, que biao xian de rang ren huai yi, zhe shi yu ben de; ru guo zhen you xue chi zhi xin que rang ren shi po, zhe shi shi bai de; hai mei you xing dong jiu rang ren yu ce dao, zhe shi wei xian de。 zhe san dian dou shi cheng jiu da shi de bing jia da ji。”

ju jian gan mang gui xia lai xiang zi gong qiu dao:“ gu zeng bu zi liang li he wu zhan yu hui ji, dang nian zhan bai de can zhuang tong ru gu sui, gu ri ye qin shi nan wang、 ku xin jiao si, jiu suan yu wu wang tong gui yu jin ye xin gan qing yuan。”

zi gong shuo:“ wu wang hao da xi gong, qun chen zao jiu nan yi ren shou, zai jia shang wu guo yin lian nian zheng zhan, jun shi pi bi, bai xing geng shi yuan sheng zai dao。 zhong chen wu zi xu yin wei quan shuo wu wang er bei sha hai, sheng xia tai zai yi wei tao hao wu wang, yi man zu zi ji si yu, zhe yi shi wang guo de zheng zhao。 zai zhi yao da wang ken fa bing sui wu wang fa qi, ying he wu wang cheng ba de ye xin; bao qi zeng yu wu wang, yi bei ci zun feng wu wang, na me wu wang yi ding chu bing fa qi。 wu wang fa qi shi bai, jiu shi da wang xue chi zhi ri; ruo fa qi cheng gong, wu wang yi ding cheng sheng fa jin。 wo qu jian jin jun, qing jin jun fa wu, wu guo yi yi jing yi rui bu dui fa qi hou zai zhan qiang jin, yi ding yuan qi da shang, zhe shi da wang jiu neng cheng ji gong wu, ding neng xi xue hui ji zhi chi。”

yue wang zai ci dao xie, bing zeng zi gong huang jin bai yi、 bao jian yi ba、 liang mao er zhi, zi gong jian chi bu shou。

li kai yue guo hou, zi gong you lai dao wu guo, dui wu wang bao gao yue guo de tai du:“ chen ba da wang de hua zhuan gao gou jian, gou jian huang kong wan fen, shuo:‘ wo gou jian nian shao shi bu de fu mu jiao hui, zi bu liang li, de zui yu wu guo, tiao qi zhan zheng, jun dui fu wang, shen wei qiu lu, guo jia geng xian xie mie wang。 zhi yin wei wu wang ren de de en ci, cai neng bao you zu xian de zong miao he guo jia。 dui yu wu wang de en de, zhi si bu gan yi wang, zen me hai you shen me bao fu zhi xin ne?”

wu tian hou, yue wang pai da fu wen zhong zhi wu, wen zhong xiang wu wang gui bai, shuo:“ dong hai jian chen gou jian de shi zhe wen zhong te di qian lai bai jian da wang。 gou jian ting shuo da wang wei shen zhang zheng yi jiu lu fa qi, te pai xia chen wen zhong feng shang xian ren suo shou zang de kui jia er shi fu, qu lu zhi mao、 bu guang zhi jian, wei da wang zhuang jun wei, ling yi jing yi xuan guo nei shi bing san qian ren, ken qing zhun xu jian chen gou jian pi jia dai jian, lv jun sui da wang chu zheng, wei da wang xian feng lv xian sha di。”

wu wang ting le fei chang gao xing, jiang gou jian yuan yi sui jun chu zheng de shi gao zhi zi gong。 zi gong shuo:“ bu xing。 yue wang yi rang yue guo quan bu shi bing sui jun chu zheng, ru guo zai rang yue wang sui jun chu zheng, jiu you xie guo fen le, bu ru ci xie yue wang。”

wu wang ting qu le zi gong suo yan。

wu wang chu bing fa qi hou, zi gong you gan wang jin guo, dui jin jun shuo:“ chen ting shuo,‘ ren wu yuan lv, bi you jin you。’ jin wu fa qi, ruo qi wang huo sheng, gou jian yi ding hui cheng ji xi xue hui ji zhi chi; ruo wu huo sheng, yi ding chen shi jia bing yu jin guo。”      

jin jun da jing, wen zi gong:“ na zen me ban cai hao?”

zi gong shuo:“ ying gai li ke zhao ji jun dui, zuo hao bei zhan zhun bei, yi yi dai lao lai ying fu qiang di。”

zi gong hui dao lu guo hou, wu wang yu qi bing zhan yu ai ling, da po qi jun, sheng qin qi jiang qi ming。 guo ran mei you fan wu de da suan, xiang cheng sheng gong jin, yu jin jun xiang yu yu huang chi。 jie guo jin ren yi da bai wu jun。 yue wang ting shuo wu wang can bai, li ji chu bing tou xi wu guo, zai li wu dou qi li de di fang zha ying, wu wang ting shuo gou jian fa bing gong wu, li ji xia ling ban shi hui chao, yu yue wang zhan yu wu hu, san zhan jie bai, yu shi gou jian wei wu wang gong, sha le fu cha ji bo? hai? zhao an cong┗ yi?? peng9 chun? wei yao sou? gan xi? bu sha piao zai li wan nan nao fu?/p>

zi gong kao yi zhang zui, cun lu、 luan qi、 mie wu、 qiang jin er ba yue, shi nian zhi jian wu guo de qing shi jie qi le ju lie de bian dong。

[ feng ping yi wen]

zi gong chuan suo you shuo wu guo jun wang jian, zhen ke cheng de shang shi zong heng jia de kai shan zu shi, wan quan mei you yi si sheng ren ren yi de men feng。

728、 lu zhong lian

【 yuan wen】

qin wei zhao han dan, zhu hou mo gan xian jiu。 wei wang shi ke jiang jun xin yuan yan jian ru han dan, yu yu zhao zun qin wei di。 lu zhong lian shi zai zhao, wen zhi, jian ping yuan jun sheng。 sheng wei jie shao, er jian zhi yu xin yuan yan。 lu lian jian xin yuan yan er wu yan, xin yuan yan yue:“ wu shi ju ci wei cheng zhi zhong zhe, jie you qiu yu ping yuan jun zhe ye, jin guan xian sheng zhi yu mao, fei you qiu yu ping yuan jun zhe, he wei jiu ju ci wei cheng zhi zhong er bu qu ye?” lu lian yue:“ qin qi li yi、 shang shou gong zhi guo ye, quan shi qi shi, lu shi qi min, bi si ran er wei di, ze lian you fu dong hai er si er, bu ren wei zhi min ye。 suo wei jian jiang jun zhe, yu yi zhu zhao ye。” xin yuan yan yue:“ zhu zhi nai he?” lu lian yue:“ wu jiang shi liang ji yan zhu zhi, qi、 chu gu zhu zhi yi。” xin yuan yan yue:“ yan wu bu zhi; ruo liang, ze wu nai liang ren ye。 xian sheng e neng shi liang zhu zhi ye?” lu lian yue:“ liang wei du qin cheng di zhi hai gu ye, shi du qin cheng di zhi hai, ze bi zhu zhao yi。” xin yuan yan yue:“ qin cheng di zhi hai nai he?” lu lian yue:“ xi qi wei wang chang wei ren yi yi, lv tian xia zhu hou er chao zhou。 zhou pin qie wei, zhu hou mo chao, er qi du chao zhi。 ju sui yu, zhou lie wang beng, zhu hou jie zhi, qi hou wang, zhou nu, fu yu qi yue:‘ tian beng di che, tian zi xia xi, dong fan zhi chen tian ying qi hou zhi, ze zhan zhi!’ wei wang bo ran nu yue:‘ chi jie, er mu bi ye!’ zu wei tian xia xiao。 gu sheng ze chao zhou, si ze chi zhi, cheng bu ren qi qiu ye。 bi tian zi gu ran, qi wu zu guai。” xin yuan yan yue:“ xian sheng du wei jian fu pu hu? shi ren er cong yi ren zhe, ning li bu sheng, zhi bu ruo ye? wei zhi ye!” lu lian yue:“ liang zhi bi yu qin ruo pu ye?”[ bian pi: ji zhi。] xin yuan yan yue:“ ran。” lu lian yue:“ ran ze wu jiang shi qin wang peng hai liang wang。”[ bian pi: zhong ji zhi。] xin yuan yan yang ran bu yue, yue:“ xi, yi tai shen yi, xian sheng you e neng shi qin wang peng hai liang wang?” lu lian yue:“ gu ye, dai wu yan zhi。 xi zhe gui hou、 e hou、 wen wang, zhou zhi san gong ye。 gui hou you zi er hao, gu ru zhi yu zhou, zhou yi wei e, hai gui hou; e hou zheng zhi ji, bian zhi ji, bing pu e hou; wen wang wen er tan xi, ju yu? li zhi ku bai ri, er yu ling zhi si。 he wei yu ren ju cheng di wang, zu jiu pu hai zhi di ye? qi?⊥ xue?? chang? nai? you chuang dao? ying? jiao cheng sou hu?lsquo; zi jiang he yi dai wu jun?’ lu ren yue:‘ wu jiang yi shi tai lao dai zi zhi jun。’ yi wei zi yue:‘ wu jun, tian zi ye。 tian zi xun shou, zhu hou bi she, na guan jian, she ren bao ji, shi shan yu tang xia, tian zi yi shi, tui er ting chao ye。’ lu ren tou qi yao, bu guo na。 jiang zhi xue, jia tu yu zou, dang shi shi, zou jun si,?⊥ jiao? yun xian? nai? you jie niu? lve hu?lsquo; tian zi diao, zhu ren bi jiang bei bin jiu, she bei mian yu nan fang, ran hou tian zi nan mian diao ye。’ zou zhi qun chen yue:‘ bi ruo ci, wu jiang fu jian er si。’ gu bu gan ru yu zou。 zou, lu zhi chen, sheng ze bu neng shi yang, si ze bu de fan han,[ bian pi: wei qi qiang heng gu。] ran qie yu xing tian zi zhi li yu zou、 lu zhi chen, bu guo na。 jin qin wan cheng zhi guo, liang yi wan cheng zhi guo, yi jiao yi you cheng wang zhi ming, du qi yi sheng er sheng, yu cong er di zhi, shi shi san jin zhi da chen, wei ru zou、 lu zhi pu qie ye, qie qin wu yi er di, ze qie bian yi zhu hou zhi da chen, bi jiang duo qi suo wei bu xiao, er yu qi suo wei xian, duo qi suo zeng, er yu qi suo ai, bi you jiang shi qi zi nv chan qie wei zhu hou fei ji, chu liang zhi gong, liang wang an de yan ran er yi hu? er jiang jun you he yi de gu yi chong yi hu?” yu shi xin yuan yan qi, zai bai xie yue:“ wu nai jin zhi xian sheng wei tian xia zhi shi ye, wu qing qu, bu gan fu yan di qin yi。” qin jiang wen zhi, wei que jun wu shi li。

[ shu]

su shi yue:“ zhong lian bian guo yi、 qin, qi ling kun、 yan, pai nan jie fen, gong cheng er tao shang, shi zhan guo yi ren er yi。”

mu wen xi yue:“ zhong lian cuo di qin zhi shuo, er qin jiang wei zhi que jun, ci《 huai nan》 zhi suo wei‘ miao zhan’ ye。”

【 yi wen】

qin bing wei gong zhao dou han dan, zhu hou dou bu yuan yi dai tou chu bing jiu zhao。 wei wang pai ke jiang xin yuan yan( fu xing xin yuan,《 zi zhi tong jian》 zuo xin yuan yan) you xiao dao ru han dan cheng, xiang yu zhao wang xiang yue yi qi zun qin wang wei di, jie yi jie han dan zhi wei。

lu zhong lian( zhan guo qi ren, hao ce hua, wei ren zheng zhi, cao shou gao) dang shi zheng hao zai zhao guo, ting shuo wei guo xiang you shuo zhao wang zun qin wang wei di, jiu qu jian ping yuan jun( zhan guo zhao wu ling wang er zi, ming sheng, feng yu ping yuan, gu hao ping yuan jun)。 ping yuan jun jie shao lu zhong lian yu xin yuan yan jian mian。

lu zhong lian jian le xin yuan yan, jing yi yan bu fa。 xin yuan yan shuo:“ wo ben yi wei fan shi zhu zai han dan de ren, dou shi you qiu yu ping yuan jun er lai, dan wo zai xi guan cha xian sheng de ju dong, bing fei you qiu yu ping yuan jun, zhen bu zhi dao xian sheng wei shen me dai zai zhe wei cheng nei jiu zhu bu zou?”

lu zhong lian shuo:“ qin guo shi ge bei qi li yi、 zhi zhi chong shang sha ren de zhan gong、 yong quan shu cao zong shi da fu、 ba bai xing dang yi nu yi li ban shi huan de guo jia。 qin wang guo zhen cheng di, na wo ning ke tou dong hai er si, wo ke bu yuan yi zuo qin wang de shun min。 jin tian wo lai jian jiang jun, mu de jiu shi xiang dui zhao guo you suo bang zhu。”

xin yuan yan shuo:“ qing wen xian sheng yao zen yang bang zhao guo ne?”

lu zhong lian shuo:“ wo zhun bei zai shuo fu wei、 yan liang guo yuan zhao, er qi、 chu liang guo yi jing da ying le。”

xin yuan yan shuo:“ yan guo de dong xiang wo bu qing chu, zhi yu wei, wo jiu shi wei guo ren, bu zhi xian sheng zen me ke neng shi wei yuan zhao ne?”

lu zhong lian shuo:“ zhe shi yin wei wei guo hai mei you kan jian qin guo cheng di de hai chu, jia shi neng ming le qi zhong de hai chu, wei wang yi ding hui fa bing jiu zhao。”

xin yuan yan shuo:“ na ni shuo qin wang cheng di de hai chu zai na li ne?”

lu zhong lian shuo:“ yi qian qi wei wang tui xing ren zheng, lv tian xia zhu hou chao bai zhou tian zi, dang shi de zhou ji qiong you ruo, tian xia zhu hou dou bu ken chao gong, zhi you qi guo ken cheng chen jin gong。 dan guo le yi nian duo, zhou wei lie wang jia beng, zhu hou dou qian qu diao sang, ke shi qi guo que zui hou dao da, zhou wang da nu, pai shi chen jing gao qi wang shuo:‘ tian zi jia beng, xin ji wei de tian zi fu sang, er dong fan zhi chen qi guo de tian ying jing chi lai ben sang, yi fa dang zhan!’ qi wei wang yi ting, sheng qi de shuo:“ pei! zhou wang zhi bu guo shi yi ge jian bi suo sheng de yi nu yi cai ba le!’ zheng ge shi jian cheng le ge da xiao hua。 qi guo zai zhou tian zi sheng qian qu chao bai ta, si hou que ru ci ru ma ta, shi zai shi yin wei zuo bu dao zhou tian zi suo yao qiu de zhu hou yi wu。 dui zhen zheng de tian zi shang qie ru ci, ni yi wei ba qin feng wei tian zi bu hui fa sheng lei si de xiao hua ma?”

xin yuan yan shuo:“ xian sheng nan dao mei you jian guo pu ren ma, shi ge ren fu shi yi ge ren, bing bu shi zhen de yin wei li qi he zhi hui bu ru zhu ren, er shi chu yu wei ju。”

lu zhong lian shuo:“ na me wei guo he qin guo de guan xi, jiu ru tong zhu、 pu ma?”

xin yuan yan shuo:“ shi de。”

lu zhong lian shuo:“ hao。 na wo you ban fa jiao qin wang sha wei wang, ba wei wang duo cheng rou jiang。”

xin yuan yan hen bu gao xing, shuo:“ xian sheng ye wei mian tai kua da le, ni you zen neng jiao qin wang sha wei wang ne?”

lu zhong lian shuo:“ wo dang ran zuo de dao, qing jiang jun ting wo jie shi。 dang nian gui hou(《 shi ji》 zuo jiu hou)、 e hou、 wen wang, shi yin zhou wang de san gong。 gui hou you ge nv er chang de hen piao liang, yu shi xian gei zhou wang, ke shi zhou wang que bu xi huan ta, jie guo zhou wang jiu ba gui hou sha le, duo cheng rou jiang; e hou wei zhe jian shi xiang zhou wang jian yan, bian lun, jie guo zhou wang you ba e hou sha si, shai cheng rou gan; wen wang ting shuo zhe liang jian can shi yi hou, ren bu zhu chang tan yi sheng, jie guo jing bei zhou wang qiu jin zai? li de cang ku li you yi bai tian, xiang kun si ta。 zhe bu jiu zheng shi you yong hu ren wei di wang, jie guo fan dao bei sha si, shai cheng rou gan, duo cheng rou jiang de wang shi ma?

“ qi min wang yao qu lu guo shi, yi wei zi fu ze jia che, ta dui lu guo ren shuo:‘ ni men zhun bei jie dai wo de guo jun?’ lu ren shuo:‘ wo men yong shi tou niu kuan dai ni men guo jun。’ yi wei zi shuo:‘ wo men guo jun shi tian zi, tian zi dao ge di xun xing shou lie shi, zhu hou dou yao ban chu wang gong zhu zai wai mian, yi jiao yi chu guo ku de yao chi, bing qie liao qi yi chang, duan zhe zhuo ji qin zi zai dian tang xia shi hou tian zi jin can, tian zi chi wan, zhu hou cai neng tui xia。’ lu ren yi ting, jiu bu rang qi min wang ru jing, yi zhi qi wang zhi you gai cong zou guo qian wang xue guo。

“ zheng qiao peng dao zou jun shi shi, qi min wang yao qu diao sang, yi wei zi dui zou jun shou xia shuo:‘ tian zi lai diao sang, sang jia bi xu ba ling jiu bai fang wei zuo bei chao nan, ran hou qing tian zi li yu nan fang zhi wei ji diao。’ zou guo de chen zi shuo:“ ru guo yi ding yao wo men zhe yang zuo, wo men ning ke fu jian er si。’ yin ci qi min wang jun chen ye bu gan jin ru zou guo。

“ zou、 lu liang guo de chen zi, sui po yu qi guo de yi?H yi wei dang jun zhu zai shi shi bu de feng yang, jun zhu si le bu de han lian, dan shi yao yi ta men xing chao bai tian zi de da li, ta men reng bu ken rang qi min wang jin ru zi ji de guo jia。

“ jin tian qin guo shi yong you wan liang bing che de da guo, wei ye shi wan liang da guo, liang guo hu xiang cheng di cheng wang。 dan shi jian qin guo da le yi chang sheng zhang, jiu xiang zun qin wang wei di, zhe shi san jin de yi gan wen wu da chen, hai yuan bu ru zou、 lu zhe liang ge xiao guo de chen min qi jie gao shang。

“ zai shuo qin wang cheng di zhi hou, bi ding geng huan zhu hou da chen, ba chu ta suo wei de bu xiao chen zi, ba guan wei ci gei ta xin mu zhong de xian chen zi, xue duo ta suo zeng hen de ren de guan zhi, ren ming ta suo xi huan de ren wei guan, tong shi ye yi ding hui yao ta de nv er zuo zhu hou de fei zi zhu zai wei gong, wei wang you zen neng er gen qing jing, er jiang jun you zen neng chang xiang rong yi chong yi ne?”

xin yuan yan ting wan lu zhong lian zhe fan hua, li ke qi shen bai xie shuo:“ wo yi zhi yi wei lu xian sheng zhi shi ge ping fan ren, xian zai wo cai ming bai xian sheng shi tian xia qi ren, wo xian zai jiu hui wei guo, zai ye bu tan lun zun qin wang wei di de shi。”

qin guo jiang jun ting shuo zhe shi hou, xia ling qin jun hou tui wu shi li。

[ shu yi]

su shi shuo, lu zhong lian de bian cai chao guo zhang yi、 su qin, qi shi jia ling chun yu kun( zhan guo qi ren, you bian cai)、 gong sun yan, pai chu guo jing jie jiu wei nan, da cheng shi ming que bu ju gong yao shang, zai zhan guo mou shi zhong cai zhi cao shou wu ren ke bi。

mu wen xi shuo, lu zhong lian ba bu neng zun qin wei di de li you shuo de lin li jin zhi, shi de qin jiang tui jun wu shi li, zhe jiu shi《 huai nan zi》 suo shuo de“ miao zhan” le。

729、 yu qing

【 yuan wen】

qin gong zhao yu chang ping, da po zhi, yin bing er gui, yin shi ren suo liu cheng yu zhao er jiang。 zhao ji wei ding, lou huan xin cong qin lai, zhao wang yu lou huan ji zhi yue:“ yu qin cheng he ru? bu yu he ru?” lou huan ci rang yue:“ ci fei chen zhi suo neng zhi ye。” wang yue:“ sui ran, shi yan gong zhi si。” lou huan yue:“ wang yi wen fu gong fu wen bo mu hu? gong fu wen bo guan yu lu, bing si, fu ren wei zhi zi yi sha yu fang zhong zhe er ba ren。 qi mu wen zhi, bu ku ye, xiang shi yue:‘ yan you zi si er bu ku zhe hu?’ qi mu yue:‘ kong zi, xian ren ye, zhu yu lu, shi ren bu sui。 jin si er fu ren wei si zhe shi liu ren, ruo shi zhe, qi yu chang zhe bo, er yu fu ren hou。’ gu cong mu yan zhi, wei xian mu ye; cong fu yan zhi, bi bu mian yu du fu ye。 gu qi yan yi ye, yan

zhe yi, ze ren xin bian yi。 jin chen xin cong qin lai, er yan‘ wu yu’, ze fei ji ye; yan‘ yu zhi’, ze kong wang yi chen zhi wei qin ye。 gu bu gan dui。 shi chen de wei wang ji zhi, bu ru yu zhi。” wang yue:“ nuo。”

yu qing wen zhi, ru jian wang。 wang yi lou huan yan gao zhi, yu qing yue:“ ci shi shuo ye。” wang yue:“ he wei ye?” yu qing yue:“ qin zhi gong zhao ye, juan er gui hu? wang yi qi li shang neng jin, ai wang er bu gong hu?” wang yue:“ qin zhi gong wo ye, bu yi yu li yi, bi yi juan er gui ye。” yu qing yue:“ qin yi qi li gong qi suo bu neng qu, juan er gui, wang you yi qi li zhi suo bu neng gong er zi zhi, shi zhu qin zi gong ye。 lai nian qin fu gong wang, wang wu yi jiu yi。”

wang yi yu qing zhi yan gao lou huan, lou huan yue:“ yu qing neng jin zhi qin li zhi suo zhi hu? cheng zhi qin li zhi suo bu zhi, ci dan wan zhi di you bu yu ye! jin qin lai fu gong, wang de wu ge qi nei er gou hu?” wang yue:“ cheng ting zi ge yi, zi neng bi lai nian qin zhi bu fu gong wo hu?” lou huan dui yue:“ ci fei chen zhi suo gan ren ye, xi ri san jin zhi yi jiao yi yu qin, xiang shan ye, jin qin shi han、 wei er du gong wang, wang zhi suo yi shi qin, bi bu ru han、 wei ye。 jin chen wei zu xia jie fu qin zhi gong, qi guan tong bi, qi yi jiao yi han、 wei。 zhi lai nian, er wang du bu qu yu qin, wang zhi suo yi shi qin zhe, bi zai han、 wei zhi hou ye。 ci fei chen zhi suo yi gan ren ye。”

wang yi lou huan zhi yan gao yu qing, yu qing yue:“ lou huan yan‘ bu gou, lai nian qin fu gong wang’, de wu geng ge qi nei er gou; jin gou, lou huan you bu neng bi qin zhi bu fu gong ye。 sui ge he yi, lai nian fu gong, you ge qi li zhi suo bu neng bi er gou ye。 ci zi jin zhi shu ye。 bu ru wu gou, qin sui shan gong, bu neng qu liu cheng; zhao sui bu neng shou, yi bu zhi shi liu cheng。 qin juan er gui, bing bi ba, wo yi liu cheng shou tian xia, yi gong ba qin, shi wo shi zhi yu tian xia, er qu chang yu qin ye。 wu guo shang li, shu yu zuo er ge di, zi ruo yi qiang qin? jin lou huan yue:‘ qin shan han、 wei er gong zhao zhe, bi wang zhi shi qin bu ru han、 wei ye。’ shi shi wang sui yi liu cheng shi qin ye, ji zuo er di jin yi。 lai nian qin fu qiu ge di, wang jiang yu zhi hu? bu yu, ze shi qi qian zi er tiao qin huo ye; yu zhi, ze wu di er gei zhi。 yu yue:‘ qiang zhe shan gong, er ruo zhe bu neng zi shou。’ jin zuo er ting qin, qin bing bu bi er duo de di, shi qiang qin er ruo zhao ye。 yi yi qiang zhi qin, er ge yu ruo zhi zhao, qi ji gu bu zhi yi! qie qin hu lang zhi guo ye, wu li yi zhi xin, qi qiu wu yi。 er wang zhi di you jin, yi you jin zhi di, gei wu yi zhi qiu, qi shi bi wu zhao yi。 gu yue:‘ shi shuo ye, wang bi wu yu!’ ” wang yue:“ nuo。”

lou huan wen zhi, ru jian yu wang, wang you yi yu qing zhi yan gao zhi, lou huan yue:“ bu ran, yu qing de qi yi, wei zhi qi er ye。 qin、 zhao gou nan, er tian xia jie shuo。 he ye? yue: wo jiang yin qiang er cheng ruo。 jin zhao bing kun yu qin, tian xia zhi he zhan sheng zhe, ze bi zai yu qin yi。 gu bu ruo ji ge di qiu he, yi yi tian xia, wei qin xin; bu ran, tian xia jiang yin qin zhi nu, cheng zhao zhi bi er gua fen zhi。[ bian pi: zhu lian heng zhe jie chi ci shuo wei kong xia, que bei yu qing he po。] zhao qie wang, he qin zhi tu, wang yi ci duan zhi, wu fu ji ye。”

yu qing wen zhi, you ru jian wang yue:“ wei yi, lou zi zhi wei qin ye! fu zhao bing kun yu qin, you ge di wei he, shi yu yi tian xia, er he wei qin xin zai! bu yi da shi tian xia ruo hu! qie chen yue wu yu zhe, fei gu wu yu er yi ye, qin suo liu cheng yu wang, wang yi liu cheng lu qi。 qi、 qin zhi shen chou ye, de wang liu cheng, bing li er xi ji qin ye! qi zhi ting wang, bu dai bian zhi bi ye。 shi wang shi yu qi, er qu chang yu qin, yi ju jie san guo zhi qin, er yu qin yi dao ye。”

zhao wang yue:“ shan。” yin fa yu qing dong jian qi wang, yu zhi mou qin。 yu qing wei fan, qin zhi shi zhe yi zai zhao yi。 lou huan wen zhi, tao qu。

[ ping]

cong lai yi ge di zhi shi, wei you tong qie kuai chang yu ci zhe!

【 yi wen】

qin guo zai chang ping da bai zhao jun, xiang zhao guo suo qu liu cheng, zuo wei he tan de tiao jian。 zhao wang hai mei you zuo chu jue ding, zhe shi lou huan( zhan guo zhao ren, yuan wei zhao chen, hou wang qin guo ren qin xiang) cong qin guo hui lai, yu shi zhao wang jiu he ta shang liang:“ ni ren wei gei qin guo liu cheng hao ne, hai shi bu gei hao ne?” lou huan tui ci shuo:“ zhe bu shi chen suo neng zhi dao de。” zhao wang shuo:“ mei guan xi, jiu shuo shuo ni ge ren de kan fa hao le。”

lou huan yu shi shuo:“ wo xiang wang yi ding zhi dao gong fu wen bo( chun qiu mo nian ren, lu guo shang qing) mu qin de shi ba? gong fu wen bo zai lu guo zuo guan, dang ta bing si hou, you shi liu wei fu ren wei ta zi yi sha, ta mu qin zhi dao er zi de si xun hou bu ku。 you ge lao pu shuo:‘ shi shang na you er zi si le bu ku de dao li?’ ta mu qin shuo:‘ kong zi shi sheng ren, dang bei lu guo fang zhu shi, wo de er zi bu zhui sui kong zi yi qi li kai。 xian zai wo er zi si le, jing you shi liu wei fu ren wei ta zi yi sha, ke jian ta bu dong de qing jin xian ren, xin si wan quan bai zai nv ren shen shang。’ zuo wei yi wei mu qin neng shuo chu zhe zhong hua, jiu zhi dao shi wei xian mu。 dan ruo shi you ta qi zi kou zhong shuo chu, bie ren yi ding hui wu hui zai chi cu。 suo yi, tong yang yi ju hua, you yu shuo hua de ren bu tong, ting de ren fan ying ye bu tong。 xian zai chen gang cong qin guo hui lai, ru guo chen shuo bu yao da ying qin de yao qiu, jiu bu suan shi wei jun wang xian ji; ru guo shuo gei qin liu cheng, you pa jun wang wu hui chen shi qin wang shuo ke, suo yi chen cai bu gan hui da。 jia shi jun wang yi ding yao chen na ge zhu yi, chen ren wei zui hao hai shi gei qin liu cheng。”

zhao wang shuo:“ hao。”

yu qing(《 zhan guo ce》 zuo yu qing, zhao guo shang qing) zhi dao hou, qu jian zhao wang。 zhao wang ba lou huan de hua gao su ta, ta shuo:“ lou huan zai qiao bian。”

zhao wang shuo:“ zen me shuo ne?”

yu qing shuo:“ jun wang ren wei, qin gong zhao shi you yu li qi hao jin er che bing, hai shi reng you jin gong neng li, zhi wei bao liu nin de qing mian cai che bing ne?”

zhao wang shuo:“ qin bing jin gong shi yi dong yong quan bu bing li, bi ran shi yin wei bing pi cai che bing。”

yu qing shuo:“ qin jin le zui da de nu li, ye mei gong xia zhao guo yi cheng, zui hou yin wei yi jing yi pi li jie er che bing。 xian zai jun wang jing yuan yi ge rang qin bing suo bu neng gong xia de liu cheng, zhe shi bang zhu qin bing gong da zhao guo。 jia shi ming nian qin bing zai ru qin, na zhao guo jiu zhen de mei jiu le。”

zhao wang ba yu qing de hua gao su lou huan, lou huan shuo:“ yu qing neng wan quan le jie qin guo zhen zheng de shi li ma? ru guo bu ge zhe qu qu liu cheng zhi di gei qin, ming nian ruo qin bing zai gong zhao guo, kong pa yao ge rang de jiu bu zhi shi liu cheng。”

zhao wang shuo:“ gua ren yuan yi cai na xian qing de yi jian ge cheng, dan xian qing neng fou bao zheng qin bing bu zai gong zhao ne?”

lou huan shuo:“ chen bu gan bao zheng, yi qian san jin gen qin guo jian yi jiao yi , han、 zhao、 wei he qin de bang yi jiao yi dou hen hao。 ru jin qin zhi fa bing gong zhao, zhe jiu zheng ming jun wang dui dai qin guo, yuan bu ru han、 wei yin qin you shan; xian zai chen wei jun wang hua jie, dan ruo wang hou zhao guo zi ji you bei qi meng yue, bing qie da kai guan ka, pai shi zhe la long han、 wei, re lai qin bing zai ci gong zhao, na jiu zheng ming jun wang dui qin wang yuan bu ru han、 wei liang guo zhong cheng, suo yi chen bu gan bao zheng。”

zhao wang you ba lou huan de hua gao su yu qing, yu qing shuo:“ lou huan shuo ru guo bu ge cheng jiang he, ming nian qin bing hui zai gong zhao, dao na shi hai yao ge geng duo de cheng chi gei qin; dan xian zai ru guo ge cheng jiang he, lou huan you bu neng bao zheng qin bing bu zai ru qin, suo yi ji shi ge cheng gei qin, you neng de dao shen me hao chu ne? lai nian qin bing zai gong zhao, zai ge qin bing suo gong bu xia de cheng chi jiang he, zhe shi zhao guo zi qu mie wang。 suo yi bu ru gen ben bu jiang he。 qin guo wu li sui qiang, que gong bu xia zhao guo liu cheng; zhao jun sui ruo, dan ye bu zhi yu yi zhan shi xian liu cheng, qin guo ji ran you yu li jie er che bing, na xian zai de qin bing yi ding pi lei bu kan, jia ru zhao guo xian zai yong liu cheng he tian xia zhu hou jie meng, chen ji gong da qin guo, jiu deng yu ba ge rang gei zhu hou de tu di zai cong qin guo qu hui lai。 nin shuo, shi zhe me zuo you li, hai shi ge di zhu chang qin guo wei shi er xue ruo zi ji li liang you li ne? xian zai lou huan shuo:‘ qin gong zhao shi yin wei jun wang shi qin bu ru han, wei gong shun。’ zhe deng yu yao jun wang yong liu cheng lai shi qin。 jia ru ming nian qin zai yao qiu tu di, qing wen jun wang yao bu yao gei ne? jia ru bu gei, jiu deng yu zi hui ge liu cheng de lai de bang yi jiao yi , zai ci tiao qi huo duan; ru guo gei, zhao guo hai you duo shao cheng ke yi gei ne? su hua shuo:‘ qiang zhe shan gong, er ruo zhe bu neng zi shou。’ xian zai ruo ting qin bai bu, rang qin bu fa yi jian er de liu cheng, zhe shi zhuang da qin guo xue ruo zi ji de zuo fa。 qin shi lang hu zhi guo, jun chen bu jiang xin yi, qin wang de yu yi wang yong yuan mei you man zu de shi hou, dan jun wang de tu di you xian, yi zhao guo you xian de tu di lai ying fu qin guo wu jin de yu yi wang , hen kuai de, zhao guo jiu wan quan mei you le。 suo yi chen ren wei lou huan shi qiao bian, wang qian wan bu neng da ying ge cheng。”

zhao wang shuo:“ xian qing fen xi de ji you dao li。”

lou huan ting dao xiao xi hou you jin jian zhao wang, ta shuo:“ yu qing zhi zhi qi yi, bu zhi qi er, qin、 zhao yi jiao yi zhan, tian xia zhu hou dou le zai xin li, zhe shi chu yu‘ wo jiang yi fu zai qiang zhe zhi hou chen ji qi ling ruo zhe’ de xin li。 jin tian qin bai zhao jun, tian xia zhu hou bi hui fen fen pai shi zhe dao qin guo gong he sheng li zhe, ru guo zhao guo bu gan jin ge di qiu he, qu yue qin guo, jin er huan he qin、 zhao zhi jian de guan xi, bing jie ci rang hu shi yi pang de ge guo xiang xin qin、 zhao yi cheng meng guo, kong pa tian xia zhu hou hui li yong qin dui zhao de fen nu, cheng zhao guo pi bei bu kan shi gua fen zhao guo tu di, dao shi zhao guo dou yi mie wang le, hai chi tan shen me jie meng zhu hou ne? xi wang jun wang bu yao zai san xin er yi。”

yu qing ting shuo yi hou, you jin jian zhao wang shuo:“ lou huan wan quan wei qin guo she xiang, zhe shi zai tai ke pa le。 zhao bai yu qin you ge di qiu he, zhe zhi hui geng shi tian xia zhu hou huai yi qin、 zhao zhi jian de guan xi, na li neng qu yue qin guo er yi kao qin guo de wei shi li guo ne? zhe bu shi geng bai ming le gao su tian xia zhu hou, zhao guo shuai ruo bu kan、 qu ru qiu he de ruo zhe mo yang me? zai shuo chen bu zhu zhang ge di, bing fei zhi shi xiao ji de bu gei er yi, er shi you fan ji de ce lve zai li tou。 qin xiang zhao suo liu cheng, jun wang ke yi yong liu cheng hui lu qi guo, jia shen qi、 qin liang guo de chou hen。 qi wang de liu cheng hou, jiu hui yu wo jun he li gong qin, na shi qi guo jue dui hui ting cong wang de hao ling, zhe shi bi ran de dao li, deng yu shi ba gei qi guo de tu di you qin guo na er qu hui, bing qie yi ju he san ge da guo hui meng, er qin、 zhao you lie de qing kuang ma shang wan quan gai guan。”

zhao wang shuo:“ xian qing fen xi de ji wei gao ming。”

yu shi zhao wang pai yu qing dong qu qi guo, di jie meng yue he li gong qin。 yu qing hai mei you cong qi guo hui lai, qin guo de shi chen yi jing lai dao zhao guo zhong xin tan pan, lou huan ma shang wen feng er tao。

[ ping yi wen]

cong lai yi lun ge di qiu he de bi duan, mei you xiang yu qing zhe ban tong kuai lin li de。

730、 su dai

【 yuan wen】

yong shi zhi yi, han zheng jia yu su yu zhou, zhou jun huan zhi, gao su dai。 su dai yue:“ he huan yan? dai neng wei jun ling han bu zheng jia yu su yu zhou, you neng wei jun de gao dou。” zhou jun da yue, yue:“ zi gou neng, gua ren qing yi guo ting。” su dai wang jian han xiang guo gong zhong, yue:“ gong bu wen chu ji hu? zhao ying wei chu wang yue:‘ han shi ba yu bing, cang lin kong, wu yi shou cheng。 wu gong zhi yi ji, bu guo yi yue, bi ba zhi。’ jin wei yong shi wu yue bu neng ba, shi chu bing ye, chu wang shi bu xin zhao ying zhi ji yi, jin gong nai zheng jia yu su yu zhou, shi gao chu bing ye。 zhao ying wen ci, bi quan chu wang yi bing shou yong shi, yong shi bi ba。” gong zhong yue:“ shan。 ran wu shi zhe yi xing yi。” dai yue:“ gong he bu yi gao dou yu zhou?” gong zhong nu yue:“ wu wu zheng jia yu su yu zhou, yi yi duo yi, he wei yu gao dou?” dai yue:“ yu zhi gao dou, ze zhou bi zhe er ru yu han; qin wen zhi, bi da nu, er fen zhou zhi jie, bu tong qi shi, shi gong yi bi gao dou de wan zhou ye。” gong zhong yue:“ shan。” bu zheng jia yu su yu zhou, er yu gao dou, chu zu bu ba yong shi er qu。

tian xu si, zhao yu wei su dai yue:“ tian xu si, wu kong zhang yi、 xue gong、 xi shou zhi you yi ren xiang wei zhe。” dai yue:“ ran ze xiang zhe yi shui er jun bian zhi ye?” zhao yu yue:“ wu yu tai zi zhi zi xiang ye。” dai yue:“ qing wei jun bei jian liang wang, bi xiang zhi yi。” zhao yu yue:“ nai he?” dai yue:“ ruo qi wei liang wang, dai qing shuo jun。” zhao yu yue:“ nai he?” dui yue:“ dai ye cong chu lai, zhao yu shen you。 dai yue:‘ jun he you?’ yue:‘ tian xu si, wu kong zhang yi、 xue gong、 xi shou you yi ren xiang wei zhe。’ dai yue:‘ wu you ye。 liang wang, chang zhu ye, bi bu xiang zhang yi。 zhang yi xiang wei, bi you qin er zuo wei; xue gong xiang wei, bi you qi er zuo wei; xi shou xiang wei, bi you han er zuo wei。 liang wang chang zhu ye, bi bu shi xiang ye。’ wang yue:‘ ran ze gua ren shu xiang?’ dai yue:‘ mo ru tai zi zhi zi xiang, shi san ren jie yi tai zi wei fei gu xiang ye, jie jiang wu yi qi guo shi wei, er yu cheng xiang zhi xi。 yi wei zhi qiang, er chi san wan cheng zhi guo fu zhi, wei bi an yi。 gu yue: ru tai zi zhi zi xiang ye!’ ” sui xian jian liang wang, yi ci yu gao zhi, tai zi guo zi xiang。

【 yi wen】

chu guo gong da han guo de yong shi( di ming), han guo xiang xi zhou tiao bing zheng liang, zhou tian zi gan dao shi fen ku nao, gen su dai( zhan guo luo yi? yi ren, su qin di) shang liang。 su dai shuo:“ wang bu bi fan nao, chen neng ti da dai wang jie jue zhe ge nan ti, chen bu dan neng shi han guo bu xiang xi zhou tiao bing zheng liang, hai neng rang wang de dao han guo de gao dou( you zuo gao dou, zai jin he nan sheng luo yi? yi xian xi nan)。” zhou wang ting le zhe hua, fei chang gao xing de shuo:“ ru guo xian qing neng wei gua ren jie nan, na me yi hou gua ren de guo shi dou ting cong xian qing de yi jian。”

yu shi su dai qian wang han guo, bai jian xiang guo gong zhong chi shuo:“ nan dao xiang guo mei you ting shuo chu guo de ji hua ma? chu jiang zhao ying zeng dui chu huai wang shuo:‘ han guo yin lian nian zheng zhan, bing pi ma kun, cang ku kong xu, mei you li liang gu shou cheng chi。 jia ru wo jun cheng han guo liang shi bu zu shi, lv bing gong da han guo de yong shi, na me bu yong yi ge yue jiu ke yi zhan ling yong shi le。’ ru jin chu guo wei yong shi yi you wu ge yue, ke shi reng ran mei neng gong xia, zhe ye zheng ming chu guo yi pi bei bu kan, er chu wang ye kai shi huai yi zhao ying de shuo fa。 xian zai xiang guo jing ran xiang xi tiao bing zheng liang, zhe bu shi ming ming gao su chu guo, han guo yi jing yi jing yi pi li jie le, zhao ying zhi dao yi hou, yi ding hui qing chu wang zeng bing bao yi pi wei yong shi, yong shi jiu shou bu zhu le。”

gong zhong chi shuo:“ xian sheng de jian jie hen gao ming, ke shi wo pai de shi zhe yi jing chu fa le。”

su dai shuo:“ xiang guo wei shen me bu ba gao dou song gei xi zhou ne?”

gong zhong chi hen sheng qi de shuo:“ wo bu xiang xi zhou tiao bing zheng liang yi jing gou hao le, ping shen me hai yao song gei xi zhou gao dou ne?”

su dai shuo:“ jia ru xiang guo neng ba gao dou song gei xi zhou, na me xi zhou yi ding hui yu han guo bang yi jiao yi du hou, qin guo zhi dao hou, bi ran da wei zhen nu, er fen hui xi zhou de fu jie( zai chun qiu zhan guo shi dai, shi zhe chu shi dou yao dai fu jie, yi bian he dui yan zheng, suo yi fen shao fu jie, jiu dai biao liang guo duan jue bang yi jiao yi ), duan jue shi chen de wang lai。 huan ju hua shuo, xiang guo zhi yao yong yi ge pin kun de gao dou, jiu ke yi huan yi ge wan zheng de xi zhou, xiang guo wei shen me bu yuan yi ne?”

gong zhong chi shuo:“ xian sheng de que gao ming。”

yu shi gong zhong chi jue ding bu dan bu xiang xi zhou tiao bing zheng liang, bing qie ba gao dou song gei xi zhou, chu guo ye jiu tui bing er qu。

wei xiang tian xu si le, chu xiang zhao yu( ji zhao xi xu) dui su dai shuo:“ tian xu si le, wo dan xin zhang yi、 xue gong( zhan guo zhao ren, zeng yin ju yu mai jiang ren jia, wei wei gong zi wu ji suo jing zhong)、 gong sun yan deng ren zhong you yi ren chu ren wei xiang。”

su dai shuo:“ na me ni ren wei you shui zuo wei xiang, dui ni bi jiao you li ne?”

zhao yu shuo:“ wo xi wang you tai zi( ji hou lai de wei zhao wang) zi ji chu ren zai xiang。”

su dai shuo:“ wo wei ni bei zou jian wei wang, bi neng shi tai zi chu ren zai xiang。”

zhao yu shuo:“ xian sheng yao zen me shuo ne?”

su dai shuo:“ ni dang wei wang, wo lai shuo fu ni。”

zhao yu shuo:“ na wo men xian zai jiu shi shi。”

su dai shuo:“ chen zhe ci you chu guo lai shi, chu xiang zhao yu fei chang dan you, chen wen ta:‘ xiang guo dan xin shen me?’ zhao yu shuo:‘ wei xiang tian xu si le, wo dan xin zhang yi、 xue gong、 xi shou( yuan wei gu guan ming, yin gong sun yan zeng ren ci guan, hou wei gong sun yan bie cheng) deng ren zhong bi you yi ren chu ren zai xiang。’ chen shuo:‘ xiang guo bu yong dan xin, wei wang shi wei ming jun, yi ding bu hui ren yong zhang yi wei xiang, yin wei zhang yi chu ren wei xiang, jiu hui qin qin er yuan wei; xue gong wei wei xiang, bi hui qin qi er yuan wei; xi shou wei wei xiang, bi hui qin han er yuan wei。 wei wang shi ming jun, yi ding bu hui ren ming ta men wei xiang。’ chen you shuo:‘ zui hao you tai zi zi ji chu ren zai xiang, yin wei ta men san ren zhi dao tai zi zao wan hui deng ji wei wang, chu ren zai xiang zhi shi zan shi xing de, wei xiang de dao zai xiang de bao zuo, ta men bi hui ji li la long yu zi ji qin jin de guo jia yu wei jie yi jiao yi , ping wei guo qiang da de guo shi, zai jia shang san ge wan cheng zhi guo de meng bang ji li kao long, wei guo bi ran an quan wen gu, suo yi shuo bu ru you tai zi chu ren zai xiang。’ ”

yu shi su dai bei qu jian wei wang, hui wang guo ran ren ming tai zi wei zai xiang,

73!”、 chen zhen

【 yuan wen】

chen zhen qu chu zhi qin, zhang yi wei qin wang yue:“ chen zhen wei wang chen, chang yi guo qing shu chu, yi bu neng yu cong shi, yuan wang zhu zhi, ji fu zhi chu, yuan wang sha zhi!” wang yue:“ zhen an gan zhi chu ye?” wang zhao chen zhen gao zhi yue:“ wu neng ting zi, zi yu he zhi, qing wei zi yue che。” dui yue:“ chen yuan zhi chu。” wang yue:“ yi yi zi wei zhi chu, wu you zi zhi zi zhi chu, zi fei chu qie an zhi ye。” zhen yue:“ chen chu, bi gu zhi chu, yi shun wang yu yi zhi ce, er ming chen zhi chu yu fou ye。 chu ren you liang qi zhe, ren? qi chang zhe, chang zhe li zhi;? qi shao zhe, shao zhe xu zhi。 ju wu ji he, you liang qi zhe si。 ke wei? zhe yue:‘ ru qu chang zhe hu, shao zhe hu?’‘ qu chang zhe。’ ke yue:‘ chang zhe li ru, shao zhe he ru, ru he wei qu chang zhe?’ yue:‘ ju bi ren zhi suo, ze yu qi xu wo ye, jin wei wo qi, ze yu qi wei li ren ye。’ jin chu wang, ming zhu ye; er zhao yi? yi, xian xiang ye。 zhen wei ren chen, er chang yi guo qing shu chu, chu wang bi bu liu chen, zhao yi? yi jiang bu yu chen cong shi yi, yi ci ming chen zhi chu yu bu。” zhen chu, zhang yi ru, wen wang yue:“ chen zhen guo an zhi?” wang yue:“ fu zhen, tian xia zhi bian shi ye, shu shi gua ren yue:‘ zhen bi zhi chu。’ gua ren sui wu nai he ye。 gua ren yin wen yue:‘ zi bi zhi chu ye, ze yi zhi yan guo xin ye。’ zhen yue:‘ fei du yi zhi yan, xing dao zhi ren jie zhi zhi。 xi zhe zi xu zhong qi jun, tian xia jie yu yi wei chen; xiao ji ai qi qin, tian xia jie yu yi wei zi。 gu mai pu qie bu chu li xiang er qu zhe, liang pu qie ye; chu fu jia yu xiang li zhe, shan fu ye。 chen bu zhong yu wang, chu he yi zhen wei zhong? zhong qie jian qi, zhen bu zhi chu er he zhi hu?’ ” wang yi wei ran, sui shan dai zhi。

【 yi wen】

chen zhen( zhan guo chu ren, you shuo zhi shi) li kai chu guo qian wang qin guo, zhang yi dui qin hui wang shuo:“ chen zhen shen wei chen zi, jing ran jing chang ba qin guo de guo qing tou lu gei chu guo, chen bu yuan he zhe zhong ren tong chao gong shi。 xi wang da wang neng ba ta gan chu chao ting, ru guo ta shuo xiang yao hui chu guo, na da wang jiu ba ta sha diao!”

qin hui wang shuo:“ chen zhen zen me gan ming shuo yao hui chu guo qu ne?” jie zhe zhao lai chen zhen shuo:“ gua ren yuan yi zun zhong xian qing de yi jian, zhi yao xian qing shuo chu yuan yi qian wang de guo jia, gua ren li ji ming ren wei xian qing zhun bei che ma。”

chen zhen hui da shuo:“ chen yuan yi hui chu guo。”

hui wang shuo:“ zhang yi ren wei ni yi ding hui hui chu guo, er gua ren ye liao dao ni jiang hui chu guo, zai shuo ni ru guo bu qu chu guo, you neng zai na er an shen ne?”

chen zhen shuo:“ chen li kai qin yi hou, yi ding te yi hui dao chu guo, yi fang mian shun cong da wang he zhang yi de ce lve, er qie ke yi biao ming chen yi qian shi fou he chu guo you si xia de yi jiao yi dao。 you ge chu guo ren qu le liang ge qi zi, you ren qu tiao xi nian ji jiao da de qi zi, ta jiu ma zhe ren deng tu zi( hao se zhi ren); na ge deng tu zi qu tiao dou nian qing qi zi shi, ta que xin ran jie shou, mei duo jiu, chu ren si le, you ke ren wen deng tu zi shuo:‘ zai zhe liang ge gua yi fu zhong, ni hui qu nian ji da de hai shi na ge nian qing de ne?’ deng tu zi shuo:‘ wo qu nian ji da de。’ ke ren wen:‘ nian ji da de zeng jing ma guo ni, er nian qing de na wei que shun cong ni, ni wei shen me fan dao yao qu nian ji da de ne?’ deng tu zi shuo:‘ dang ta men shi bie ren yi qi zi shi, wo xi wang ta men neng jie shou wo de tiao dou; dan shi yi dan shi wo de qi zi, wo jiu xi huan dang chu ju jue wo de na wei。’ xian zai chu wang shi wei xian ming de jun wang, er zai xiang zhao yi? yi ye shi wei xian chen, wo chen zhen shen wei da wang de chen zi, ru guo jing chang ba guo shi xie lou gei chu wang, na me chu wang ci ci bi ding bu hui shou liu chen, er zhao yi? yi ye bu hui yuan yi gen chen tong chao gong shi, ru ci jiu ke ming bai chen yi qian shi fou he chu guo you suo si tong le。”

chen zhen li gong hou, zhang yi jiu wen qin wang:“ qing wen da wang, chen zhen dao di yao qu na li?”

qin wang shuo:“ chen zhen zhen shi tian xia yi liu de xiong bian jia, ta zhu shi zhe gua ren shuo:‘ chen yi ding hui hui chu guo de。’ gua ren dui ta ye wu ke nai he, yu shi jie zhe wen ta shuo:‘ ni ji ran da suan hui hui chu guo, na zhang yi de hua jiu ke yi xiang xin le。’ chen zhen shuo:‘ bu dan zhang yi zhi dao wo hui hui chu, sui bian na ge ren ye dou zhi dao。 cong qian wu zi xu dui ta de jun wang hen zhong zhen, tian xia jun wang dou xi wang ta zuo zi ji de chen zi; xiao ji xiao jing ta de shuang qin, yin ci tian xia fu mu dou xi wang ta shi zi ji de er zi。 suo yi dang ren mai pu qie shi, ru guo lin ju ken mai, na jiu zheng ming shi hao pu qie; bei xiu le de qi zi, ru guo gai jia dao ben xiang, jiu zheng ming ta shi wei hao qi zi。 chen ru guo bu zhong yu wang, na chu wang you yao chen zuo shen me, chen ru ci zhong jun ai guo, reng ran de bu dao da wang de xin ren, na chen bu hui chu guo, you jiang qu na li?”

yu shi qin wang wei liu chen zhen, bing shan jia dui dai。

732、 chu long

【 yuan wen】

qin gong zhao, zhao wang xin li, tai hou yong shi, qiu jiu yu qi。 qi ren yue:“ bi yi chang an jun wei zhi。” tai hou bu ke, qi shi bu chu。 da chen qiang jian, tai hou nu shen, yue:“ you fu yan zhe, lao fu bi tuo qi mian。” zuo shi chu long qing jian, yue:“ jian xi shu qi zui shao, bu xiao, er chen shuai, qie ai zhi, yuan de bu hei yi zhi que, yi wei wang gong, yuan ji chen wei tian gou he er tuo zhi。” tai hou yue:“ zhang fu yi ai shao zi hu?” dui yue:“ shen yu fu ren。” tai hou xiao yue:“ fu ren yi shen。” dui yue:“ lao chen qie yi wei ao zhi ai yan hou, xian yu chang an jun。” tai hou yue:“ jun guo yi, bu ru chang an jun zhi shen。” zuo shi yue:“ fu mu ai qi zi, ze wei zhi ji shen yuan。 ao zhi song yan hou ye, chi qi zhong er ku, nian qi yuan ye, yi ai zhi yi, yi xing, fei bu si ye, ji si ze zhu zhi yue:‘ bi wu shi fan。’ qi fei wei zhi ji chang jiu, yuan zi sun xiang ji wei wang ye zai?” tai hou yue:“ ran。” zuo shi yue:“ jin san shi yi qian, zhi yu zhao wang zhi zi sun wei hou zhe, qi ji you zai zhe hu?” yue:“ wu you。” yue:“ ci qi jin zhe huo ji shen, yuan zhe ji qi zi sun, qi ren zhu zhi zi, hou ze bu shan! wei zun er wu gong, feng hou er wu lao, er xie zhong qi duo ye。 jin ao zun chang an zhi wei, feng yi gao yu zhi di, duo yu zhi zhong qi, er bu ji jin ling you gong yu zhao, yi dan shan ling beng, chang an jun he yi zi tuo yu zhao zai?” tai hou yue:“ nuo, zi jun zhi suo shi zhi。” yu shi wei chang an jun yue che bai cheng, zhi yu qi。 qi shi nai chu, qin shi tui。

【 yi wen】

zhao xiao cheng wang gang deng wei, nian ji shang qing, zhao tai hou( hui wen wang zhi hou) zhang li chao zheng, qin guo jiu fa bing gong zhao, qing kuang fei chang wei ji, zhao guo xiang qi guo qiu yuan。 qi wang shuo:“ yi ding yao yong chang an jun( xiao cheng wang tong mu di) zuo ren zhi, qi guo cai yuan yi chu bing jiu zhao。” ke shi tai hou bu da ying。

da chen men dou ji li quan jian, tai hou que ming bai de gao su shi chen shuo:“ ru guo zai you ren quan wo yao chang an jun zuo wei qi guo ren zhi, wo jiu wang ta lian shang tu kou shui。”

zhe shi zuo shi( guan ming) chu long( zhan guo zhao ren) qing jian zhao tai hou shuo:“ chen you yi ge xiao er zi ming jiao shu qi, nian ji xiao mei you chu xi, dan chen que hen teng ai ta, xian zai chen nian ji da le, xi wang neng rang ta bu wei shi que lai bao wei wang gong, chen xi wang chen zi ji shang zai shi shi rang xiao er zi you ge yi kao。”

zhao tai hou shuo:“ nan ren ye hui zhe me teng ai xiao er zi ma?”

zuo shi shuo:“ bi zuo mu qin de hai yao teng ai ne。”

zhao tai hou xiao zhe shuo:“ mu qin cai teng de li hai。”

zuo shi shuo:“ chen yi wei tai hou teng ai yan hou yuan chao guo ai chang an jun。”

zhao tai hou shuo:“ ni cuo le, wo teng ai yan hou yuan bu ru ai chang an jun。”

zuo shi shuo:“ fu mu ji ran teng ai zi nv, jiu yao ti ta men zuo chang yuan ji hua。 dang yan hou chu jia shi, tai hou la zhe yan hou ku, wei ta de yuan li er bei shang, zhe gai suan shi hen teng ai ta de le。 ta ji ran yi jing chu jia le, sui shuo mei tian dou zai xiang nian ta, ke shi zai ji si shi, que yi ding yao wei ta zhu fu shuo:‘ bu yao rang ta hui lai。 zhe shi wei ta de chang yuan zuo da suan, xi wang ta de zi sun neng ji cheng wang wei。”

zhao tai hou shuo:“ shi de。”

zuo shi shuo:“ xian zai zhui su san dai yi qian, zhao guo kai guo shi zi sun bei feng hou de, jin tian you hai cun zai de ma?”

zhao tai hou shuo:“ mei you le。”

zuo shi shuo:“ zhe qi shi shi he ta men shen fen di wei yu gong ji de bu cheng bi li you guan。 suo yi zai huo lai de kuai yi xie de, di yi dai jiu zao yang le, jiu suan zai huo chu xian de man xie, chi zao ye yao luo dao hou dai zi sun shen shang。 nan dao guo jun de zi sun yi ding dou shi huai de ma? zhi yin wei ta men jue wei gao dan wu gong ji, feng lu hou dan bu zuo shi, suo yong you de bao qi tai duo。 xian zai tai hou yi zai ti gao chang an jun de jue wei, ba fei wo de tu di dou feng gei ta, you ci gei ta xu duo guo bao, jia ru bu cheng xian zai rang ta wei guo li gong, you yi tian tai hou beng shi, chang an jun ru he zai zhao guo li zu ne? chen jiao de tai hou bu zeng ti chang an jun zuo jiu yuan da suan, suo yi chen cai ren wei, tai hou ai chang an jun yuan bu ru ai yan hou。”

tai hou shuo:“ hao ba, jiu sui ni men de yi si, pai ta dao qi guo zuo ren zhi ba。”

yu shi zhao guo ti chang an jun zhun bei le yi bai liang bing che sui chang jun dao qi guo zuo ren zhi, qi guo fa bing jiu zhao, qin jun tui。

733、 yong rui

【 yuan wen】

qin xuan tai hou ai wei chou fu。 tai hou bing jiang si, chu ling yue:“ wei wo zang, bi yi wei zi wei xun。” wei zi huan zhi, yong rui wei wei zi shuo tai hou yue:“ yi si zhe wei you zhi hu?” tai hou yue:“ wu zhi ye。” yue:“ ruo tai hou zhi shen ling, ming zhi si zhe zhi wu zhi yi, he wei kong yi sheng suo ai zang yu wu zhi zhi si ren zai? ruo si zhe you zhi, xian wang ji nu zhi ri jiu yi, tai hou jiu guo bu shan, he xia si wei chou fu hu?” tai hou yue:“ shan。” nai zhi。

【 yi wen】

qin xuan tai hou( hui wang zhi hou, zhao xiang wang zhi mu) te bie yi chong yi ai wei chou fu。 tai hou zhong bing jiang si, xia ling shuo:“ ri hou ni men wei wo ban hou shi shi, bi xu rang wei chou fu xun zang。”

wei chou fu ting hou hen hai pa, jiu gan jin he chao chen yong rui shang liang。

yong rui dui xuan tai hou shuo:“ tai hou ren wei ren si le yi hou, hai neng you zhi jiao ma?”

xuan tai hou shuo:“ mei you zhi jiao。”

yong rui shuo:“ xiang tai hou zhe yang xian hui de ren, ming zhi ren si hou bu zai you zhi jiao, na wei shen me yao ba zi ji sheng qian suo yi chong yi ai de ren xun zang zai yi jing hao wu zhi jiao de si ren pang bian ne? jia ru ren si hou hai neng you zhi jiao, na xian wang dui tai hou zhe xie nian lai de xing wei, suo yu ji de fen nu yi jing hen jiu le, jie shi tai hou bu jiu guo shi kong pa hai lai bu ji, na hai you yi chong yi ai wei chou fu de shi jian ne?”

xuan tai hou shuo:“ xian qing shuo de hen dui。” yu shi da xiao yi hou yao wei chou fu xun zang de yi si。

734、 di ren jie

【 yuan wen】

wu cheng si、 san si ying qiu wei tai zi, di ren jie cong rong yan yu tai hou yue:“ gu zhi yu mu zi shu qin? bi xia li zi, ze qian qiu wan sui hou pei shi tai miao; ruo li zhi, ze wei wen zhi wei tian zi, er? gu yu miao zhe ye。” tai hou nai wu。

[ shu ping]

yi lun dao shi fen xing kuai chu, sui yu bu cong er bu ke de。 lu ling fan zheng, sui yin ying wu zhe yi ji shuang lu bu sheng zhi meng, shi gu zhi zi mu yi zhi shuo you yi dong zhi。

fan lian sheng qian, wei you bu ji si hou zhe。

shi wang fang qing ju xiang wei, yi qi zi wei mei zhou si shi can jun, tian hou wen yue:“ jun zai xiang wei, zi he yuan hu?” dui yue:“ lu ling shi bi xia ai zi, jin you zai yuan; chen zhi zi, an gan xiang jin?” ci yi ke wei shan feng yi。 ran ci zhu ke yi qing dong, ming zhu dang yi li ge, ze tian ming er bu ci, gu liang gong ru chang zong er bu nu。 jin zhang jian zhi er bu yi, jie yin qi ming er yong zhi。

【 yi wen】

wu ze tian( tang gao zong zhi hou, gao zong beng zhong zong li, hou lin chao ting zheng, hou fei zhong zong、 rui zong zi li wei di, gai guo hao zhou) xiang zai wu cheng si( guan lei zhi zuo xiang)、 wu san si( wu hou zhi, shan feng ying) zhong li yi ren wei tai zi。 di ren jie( tai yuan ren, zi huai ying) zhi dao wu hou de xiang fa, dui wu hou shuo:“ gu zhi yu mu zi, na liang zhong guan xi jiao wei qin mi? bi xia li zi ji er zi wei tai zi, na me ji shi tai hou beng shi hou, reng neng yong you zi ji de zong miao, xiang shou wan dai zi sun tai lao de gong feng; ruo tai hou li wu san si deng ren wei tai zi, san si shi tai hou zhi er, chen cong wei ting shuo zhi er cheng wei tian zi hou, hui zai tai miao zhong gong feng gu yi ma yi de。” tai hou yu shi ming bai guo lai。

[ shu ping yi wen]

di ren jie dui wu hou suo shuo de zhe fan hua, zhen shi yi zhen jian xue, shuo dao wu hou xin zhong tong chu, wu hou xiang bu li hui dou bu xing。 wu hou hou lai li lu ling wei tai zi, sui shuo he meng dao ying wu zhe duan chi pang yi ji wan shuang lu qi bu sheng de meng jing you guan, dan cong gen ben shang que shi bei di ren jie zhe fan gu zhi、 mu zi de yi lun suo da dong。

da fan sheng qian tan lian rong le de ren, hen shao bu zai yi si hou de zun rong de。

wang fang qing wei ju zai xiang shi, wu hou zeng xun wen ta, he yi hui yun xu zi ji de er zi bei pai yuan fu mei zhou dang si shi can jun( guan ming, tang yu zhou she zhi si shi can jun zhang qiao liang、 zhu wu jian zao)。 wang fang qing hui da shuo:“ lu ling shi bi xia teng ai de er zi, shang qie yuan zai ta xiang, chen de er zi zen gan liu zai shen bian?” zhe ye ke shuo shi dui wu hou de yi ci hen hao de feng jian。

ran er, you gan xing de jun wang, ren chen jin jian ke yi dong zhi yi qing; you li xing de jun wang, ren chen jin jian ke yi shuo zhi yi li。 suo yi di ren jie sui zeng yi yan ci wu ru zhang chang zong( zhang yi zhi di, mao mei tong xiao yin lv, shen de wu hou yi chong yi xin) er bu hui yin ci ji nu wu hou, ju yong zhang jian zhi( xiang ren, zi meng jiang) er bu hui shou dao wu hou yi xin bu zhong, jiu yin wei wu hou shi ge li xing de ren。

735、 lu jia  qi di wang xian sheng

【 yuan wen】

ping yuan jun zhu jian, wei ren gang zheng er you kou。 pi yi? yi hou de xing lv tai hou, yu zhi jian, jian bu ken jian。 ji jian mu si, pin wei you yi fa sang。 fang jia dai, lu jia su shan jian, nai ling jian fa sang, er shen jian pi yi? yi hou, he zhi yue:“ ping yuan jun mu si。”[ bian pi: qi yu。] pi yi? yi hou yue:“ ping yuan jun mu si, he nai he wo?” jia yue:“ qian jun hou yu zhi ping yuan jun, ping yuan jun yi bu zhi jun, yi qi mu gu。 fu xiang zhi zhe, dang xiang xu qi zai wei, jin qi mu si, jun cheng hou song sang, ze bi wei jun si yi。” pi yi? yi hou nai feng bai jin?, lie hou gui ren yi pi yi? yi hou gu, wang fu fan wu bai jin。 jiu zhi, ren huo hui pi yi? yi hou, hui di da nu, xia li, yu zhu zhi。 lv tai hou can, bu ke yan, da chen duo hai pi yi? yi hou xing, yu sui zhu zhi, pi yi? yi hou kun ji, shi ren yu jian jian, jian ci yue:“ yu ji, bu gan jian。” jian nai qiu jian xiao hui xing chen hong ru, shuo zhi yue:“ jun suo yi de xing di, tian xia mo bu wen; jin pi yi? yi hou xia li, dao lu jie yan jun chan yu sha zhi, jin ri pi yi? yi hou zhu, dan ri tai hou han nu, yi zhu jun, jun he bu rou tan, wei pi yi? yi hou yan yu di? di ting, chu pi yi? yi hou, tai hou da huan, liang zhu ju xing, jun zhi fu gui yi bei yi。” yu shi hong ru da kong, cong qi ji, yan di, di guo chu pi yi? yi hou。 pi yi? yi hou shi yi jian wei bei ji, da nu, ji qi chu zhi, nai da jing。 lv tai hou beng, da chen zhu zhu lv。 pi yi? yi hou yu zhu lv zhi shen, er zu mian yu zhu, jie lu sheng、 ping yuan jun zhi ji hua ye。

[ ping]

bu dan lu jia, zhu jian zhi, pi yi? yi hou yi zhi。

liang xiao wang ji ci sha yuan ang, shi jiao, ju zhu, nai ji zou yi? yi qian jin, ling bian qiu fang lve yi jie。 yi? yi su zhi qi ren wang xian sheng, nian ba shi yu, duo qi ji, ji wang qiu zhi。 wang xian sheng yue:“ nan zai, ren zhu you si yuan shen nu, yu shi bi xing zhi zhu, cheng nan jie ye, zi jin qie an zhi。” yi? yi yue:“ zou、 lu shou jing xue, qi、 chu duo bian zhi, han、 wei shi you qi jie, wu jiang li wen zhi。” wang xian sheng yue:“ zi xing yi, hai, guo wo er xi。” yi? yi xing yue yu, mo neng wei mou zhe, nai hai guo wang xian sheng, yue:“ chen jiang xi yi, nai he?” xian sheng yue:“ zi bi wang jian wang chang jun。” zou yi? yi wu, zhe ci qu, bu guo liang, jing zhi chang an, jian wang chang jun。 chang jun zhe, wang mei ren xiong ye。 yi? yi cheng jian shuo yue:“ chen yuan qie you ye ye。 chen wen chang jun di de xing hou gong, tian xia wu you, er chang jun xing ji duo bu xun dao li。 jin bi xia qiong jing yuan ang shi, ji liang wang kong zhu, tai hou fu yu, wu suo fa nu,

bi qie chi ce mu yu gui chen, er chang jun wei yi!” chang jun qu ran yue:“ nai he?” yi? yi yue:“ di neng wei shang yan, de wu jing liang shi, ze tai hou bi de chang jun, jin cheng zhi gu ye。” chang jun ru qi ji, liang shi sui qin。

[ ping]

zhu jian yi pian cheng wen chao de qia hao, bu wei wang xian sheng zhi, zou yi? yi yi zhi。

【 yi wen】

han chao ren ping yuan jun zhu jian( chu ren, zeng wei huai nan wang qing bu cheng xiang, han sha qing bu, ci zhu jian hao ping yuan jun) wei ren gang zheng you zhi mou。 shen shou lv tai hou yi chong yi ai de pi yi? yi hou( han chao shen shi qi de feng hao) xiang jie yi jiao yi ping yuan jun, ping yuan jun que lv ci tui tuo, bu ken yu ta jian mian。

ping yuan jun mu qin qu shi shi, yin jia pin wu li chu bin, xiang xiang qin you gao dai, liao li mu qin hou shi。 lu jia( chu ren, you bian cai) shi ping yuan jun de hao you, jiu yao ping yuan jun xian liao li sang shi, bu bi dan xin sang zang de fei yong, shuo wan lu jia jiu qu jian pi yi? yi hou, shuo:“ he xi hou ye, ping yuan jun de mu qin si le。”

pi yi? yi hou shuo:“ ping yuan jun de mu qin qu shi, wei shen me yao gong xi wo?”

lu jia shuo:“ cong qian hou ye xiang jie yi jiao yi ping yuan jun, ping yuan jun yi zhi jie kou tui ci, jiu shi yin wei ta mu qin de yuan gu。 zhen zheng de peng you yao neng ji zhu dui fang de wei nan, xian zai ping yuan jun yin jia pin wu li wei mu qin liao li hou shi, zhi yao hou ye neng zhi zeng feng hou de dian yi, yi ping yuan jun de wei ren, ri hou ta yi ding hui wei hou ye xiao si ming de。”

yu shi pi yi? yi hou ming ren zhi zeng bai jin, qi ta wang hou yi kan pi yi? yi hou ru ci de hou li, ye gen zhe zhi dian, shu mu wu bai jin yi shang。

guo le yi duan shi ri, you ren mi gao pi yi? yi hou yu lv tai hou si tong, hui di xiang xia ling sha ta。 lv tai hou zi ji bu hao yi si chu mian wei pi yi? yi hou qiu qing, er chao zhong da chen zao jiu dui pi yi? yi hou de jiao yi chong yi kan bu shun yan, mei you ren yuan yi wei ta xiang huang di qiu qing, pi yi? yi hou yan kan ming zai dan xi, ji mang pai ren xiang ping yuan jun qiu jiu。

ping yuan jun tui ci shuo:“ xian zai qing shi dui hou ye bu li, wei bi xian yi, zui hao bu yao jian mian。” ran er ping yuan jun que qiu jian hui di de yi chong yi chen hong ru( wu cai neng, jin yi wan mei de yi chong yi ), dui ta shuo:“ ni shou hui di yi chong yi ai de yuan yin, tian xia ren dou zhi dao。 jin ri pi yi? yi hou ruo bei sha, tian xia ren hui ren wei shi ni zai huang shang er bian jin chan yan。 pi yi? yi hou yi si, tai hou yi ding yuan ni zai xin, ye hui zhao ji hui sha ni。 ni he bu zai huang shang mian qian wei pi yi? yi hou tuo zui, huang shang yao shi neng ting ni de hua er liu pi yi? yi hou yi ming, tai hou yi ding fei chang gao xing。 ri hou ni qi bu shi de dao huang shang、 tai hou er ren de yi chong yi ai, ni suo xiang de rong hua xian gui geng yao sheng guo jin ri bu zhi duo shao bei ya?”

hong ru dan xin de zui tai hou, yu shi jiu yi ping yuan jun suo shuo you shuo hui di, hui di guo ran shi fang pi yi? yi hou。

dang pi yi? yi hou xiang jian ping yuan jun bei ju shi, yi wei ping yuan jun bei qi zi ji, fei chang sheng qi, deng dao chu yu hou, dui ping yuan jun de ji mou da wei pei fu。

lv tai hou jia beng hou, da chen da si zhu sha lv xing zhu hou, pi yi? yi hou he lv xing zhu hou wang lai mi qie, er zhong neng mian yu bei zhu, bu de bu gui gong lu jia he ping yuan jun de ji mou。

[ feng ping yi wen]

shuo qi lai, cong ming de bu zhi shi lu jia, zhu jian er yi, qi shi pi yi? yi hou yi shi you yan guang de ren。

han chao shi liang xiao wang sha yuan ang( chu ren, zi si) de shi bei ren ju fa, hai pa yin zui bei sha, jiu qing zou yi? yi( lin zi ren, you zhi mou) dai zhe huang jin qian liang xun fang mou shi mou qiu dui ce。

zou yi? yi zao jiu ting shuo qi ren wang xian sheng, sui yi ba shi duo sui dan zu zhi duo mou, jiu qian qu bai fang ta。 wang xian sheng shuo:“ zhe shi nan a! jun chen jian you si yuan, chen xia duo ban hui zao dao zhu sha de ming yun, shi zai hen nan hua jie, ni da suan zen me ban ne?” zou yi? yi shuo:“ wo jiang wang dong zou。 zou、 lu deng guo bu fa bao xue zhi shi, qi、 chu yi bian shi duo er wen ming, han、 wei ye chang you qi neng yi cai zhi ren, wo jiang yi yi de bai fang ta men。”

wang xian sheng shuo:“ na ni jiu qu ba, hui lai shi zai dao wo zhe er yi tang。”

zou yi? yi xun fang le yi ge duo yue hao wu suo huo, yu shi you qu jian wang xian sheng, shuo:“ wo zhao bu dao neng chu qi ji de ren, kan lai zhi you hui guo le。”

wang xian sheng shuo:“ ni hui qu hou yi ding yao qu jian wang chang jun。”

zou yi? yi tu ran ling wu, li ke gao ci, bu hui liang guo zhi jie lai dao chang an jian wang chang jun。 wang chang jun shi wang mei ren de ge ge。 zou yi? yi dui wang chang jun shuo:“ wo hen zao jiu xiang lai bai fang ni, ting shuo ni mei mei shen de huang shang de yi chong yi xing, er ni zuo shi ye xi huan lv xing er wei。 jin tian huang shang zhui jiu liang wang sha yuan ang de shi, liang wang pa huo si zui, tai hou xin ye nan an, bi hui qian nu yi chong yi chen, xian sheng de chu jing jiu wei xian le。”

wang chang jun zheng da yan jing shuo:“ wo gai zen me zuo?”

zou yi? yi shuo:“ ni li ji shuo fu huang shang bu yao zai zhui jiu liang wang sha yuan ang de shi, tai hou yi ding hui gan ji ni, na me ri hou ni zai chao zhong de di wei jiu geng wei wen gu。”

wang chang jun jie shou zou yi? yi de jian yi, liang wang zhong yu mian yu yi si。

[ feng ping yi wen]

zhe ze gu shi wan quan neng he shang yi ze hu xiang hui ying, bu zhi shi wang xian sheng cong ming, zou yi? yi tong yang cong ming。

736、 si yang zu

【 yuan wen】

zhao wang wu chen qian han guang zhi yan, yan ren yin li guang wei yan wang。 zhao wang yu zhang er、 chen yu bei lve di zhi yan jie。 zhao wang jian chu, wei yan jun suo de, yan jiang qiu zhi, yu yu fen zhao di ban, nai gui wang。 shi zhe shi bei, wang zhe jian sha, zhang er, chen yu huan zhi。 you si yang zu, xie qi she zhong yue:“ wu wei gong shuo yan, yu wang zai gui。” she zhong jie xiao, yang zu zou yan bi, wen yan jiang yue:“ zhi chen he yu?” yan jiang yue:“ ruo yu de zhao wang er。” yue:“ jun zhi zhang er、 chen yu he ru ren?” yan jiang yue:“ xian ren ye。” yue:“ zhi qi zhi he yu?” yue:“ yu de wang。” yang zu xiao yue:“ jun wei zhi ci liang ren suo yu ye。 fu wu chen, zhang er、 chen yu, zhang ma chui xia zhao shu shi cheng, ci yi ge yu nan mian er wang, qi yu wei qing xiang zhong yi ye? fu chen yu zhu, qi ke tong ri er dao zai! gu qi shi chu ding, wei gan can fen er wang; qie yi shao chang, xian wang wu chen, yi chi zhao xin。 jin zhao di yi fu, ci liang ren yi yu fen zhao er wang, shi wei ke er。 jin nai qiu zhao wang, ci liang ren ming wei qiu zhao wang, shi yu yan sha zhi,[ bian pi: pou ming shi zhe bei ji yu qiu wang zhi yi。] ci liang ren fen zhao zi li, fu yi yi zhao shang yi yan, kuang yi liang xian wang zuo ti you qie, er ze sha wang zhi zui, mie yan bi yi。” yan jiang yi wei ran, nai gui zhao wang。 yang zu wei yu er gui。

【 yi wen】

zhao wang pai han guang dao yan guo, mei xiang dao yan ren que yong li han guang wei yan wang。 zhao wang he zhang er( han· da liang ren, yu chen yu wei hao you, chen she qi bing, zhang er、 chen yu yong ji duo zhao di, hou er ren you chou xi, zhang er tou han liu bang, yu han xin gong ji zhao, yu di shui shang zhan chen yu, liu bang feng zhang er wei zhao wang)、 chen yu qin fan yan guo bian jing。

yi ri, zhao wang si chu ying di bei yan jun fu huo, yan ren wei xie zhao guo, yao zhao ge rang yi ban guo tu yi jiao yi huan zhao wang。 yan ren tai du qiang ying, xian hou jiang zhao guo pai lai de shi duo ming shi zhe gei sha le, zhang er、 chen yu wei le zhe jian shi fan nao bu yi。

you ge si yang zu( kan chai zuo fan de xiao bing) lai dao ying fang shuo:“ wo ke wei zhu gong shuo fu yan ren shi fang zhao wang。”

zai chang de jun guan dou chao feng ta bu zi liang li。

yang zu you xiao dao qian ru yan jiang ying di, dui yan jiang jun shuo:“ ni ke zhi wo lai de mu de me?”

yan jiang shuo:“ ni lai wu fei shi xi wang zhao wang hui guo。”

yang zu shuo:“ jiang jun ke zhi zhang er、 chen yu de wei ren?”

yan jiang shuo:“ ta men liang ren shi zhao guo de xian ren。”

yang zu shuo:“ jiang jun ke zhi ta er ren de xiang fa ma?”

yan jiang shuo:“ ta men xi wang zhao wang ping an hui guo。” yang zu da xiao shuo:“ jiang jun shi zai bu le jie ta er ren de zhen zheng yi tu。 zhang er、 chen yu shi wu jiang, yi sheng ling xia jiu ke yong you zhao guo shu shi cheng chi, ta men zao jiu xiang zi li wei wang, na hui yi dang ge zai xiang wei man zu ne? shui dou zhi dao, dang jun wang he dang zai xiang shi tian yuan zhi bie, dang chu tian xia de xing shi, chen、 zhang er ren bu gan you cheng wang de nian tou; xian zai zhao guo guo shi an ding, zhe liang ren zao jiu xiang ping fen zhao guo gong tong wei wang, zhi shi shi ji shang wei cheng shu。 xian zai yan ren qiu jin zhao wang, zhe liang ren biao mian shang xi wang yan ren shi fang zhao wang, shi ji shang xi wang yan ren jiang zhao wang sha le,[ pou ming shi zhe ji yu qiu wang zhi yi。] hao rang liang ren gua fen zhao guo, zi li wei wang, yi yi ge zhao wang jiu neng qing yi da bai yan guo, he kuang you liang wei xian ming de jun wang xiang hu he zuo, ruo yi ze guai yan guo sha zhao wang de ming yi chu bing gong yan, yan guo qi neng cun huo, suo yi bu ru fang le zhao wang, rang zhang、 chen er ren de ye xin wu fa de cheng。”

yan jiang ren wei yang zu shuo de you li, yu shi fang le zhao wang, yang zu dang zhen wei zhao wang jia che。

737、 yang shan

【 yuan wen】

tu mu zhi bian, shang huang zai lu sui yu, lu lv ze feng ying, wei zhi cheng wei, yu qian shi tan wen, er nan qi ren。 zuo dou yu shi yang shan kai ran qing wang。[ bian pi: zun guan nan de ru ci, qi xiong zhong yi you zhu zhang yi。] lu jiang ye xian mi qian yi ren xia hui zhe tian shi lai ying, qie tan qi yi。 xiang jian, yun:“ wo yi zhong guo ren, bei lu yu ci。” yin wen:“ xiang ri tu mu zhi wei, nan bing he gu bu zhan er kui?” shan yue:“ tai ping ri jiu, jiang zu xiang an, kuang ci xing zhi shi hu cong sui jia, chu wu hao ling dui di, bei er jia dou ran chong tu, ru he bu zou? sui ran, er jia xing er de sheng, wei jian wei fu。 jin huang di ji wei, cong ming ying wu, na jian ru liu, you ren xian ce yun:‘ lu ren gan ru zhong guo zhe, zhi ping hao ma ba shan guo ling, yue guan er lai。 ruo jin yi dai shou bian zhe, ju zuo tie ding jue zi, shang liu yi kong, an jian tou zhui zi, dan xi ren ma suo guo shan ling, bian xia zhui jue, lai zhe wu bu zhong shang。’ ji cong qi ji。 you yi ren xian ce yun:‘ jin da tong chong, zhi yong yi ge shi pao, suo yi da de ren shao, ruo zhuang ji zi da shi tou yi dou da qu, beng kai shu zhang kuo, ren ma chu zhi ji si。’ yi cong qi ji。 you yi ren xian ce yun:‘ guang xi、 si chuan deng chu she hu yi nu yi gong, du yi yao zui kuai, ruo fu jian tou, yi zhe pi rou, ren ma li bi。’ you cong qi ji, yi qu yao lai。 tian xia xuan san shi wan you li neng she zhe yan yi xi yi , zeng jiang zui ren shi yan。 you yi ren xian ce yun:‘ ru jin fang huo?? zhe, sui you san si ceng, ta jian fang le you zhuang yao, bian fang ma lai chong cai, ruo zuo da yang liang tou chong, zhuang tie dan zi shu ge, ca shang du yi yao, pai yu si ceng, hou ma lai qi fa, ju da chuan du。’ zeng shi yan san bai bu zhi wai zhe jie ran。 xian ji zhe jie sheng guan jia shang, tian xia you zhi mou zhe wen zhi, mo bu jie lai, suo cao lian jun ma you yi jing yi rui, ke xi wu yong yi!”[ bian pi: shou de miao。] lu ren yue:“ ru he wu yong?” shan yue:“ ruo liang jia jiang he le, he yong?” lu ren wen yan, qian wang bao zhi。 ci ri, shan zhi ying, jian ye xian, wen:“ ru shi he guan?” yue:“ dou yu shi。” yue:“ liang jia he hao xu duo nian, jin fan ru he ju liu wo shi chen, jian le wo ma jia, yu de duan pi, yi pi jian wei liang pi, jiang wo shi chen bi zai guan zhong, bu fang chu, zhe deng ji jiao ru he?” shan yue:“ bi xian ru fu cha shi chen jin ma, bu guo san shi yu ren, suo tao wu jian, shi yu er san, ye wu ji jiao, yi xiang he hao。 ru jin cha lai shi chen, duo zhi san qian yu ren, yi jian huang di, mei ren bian shang zhi jin yi fu yi tao, sui shi shu sui hai er, ye yi ban shang ci, dian shang yan yan。 wei he? zhi shi yao guan ren mian shang hao kan! lin hui shi, you jia shang yan, cha ren song qu, he zeng ju liu? huo shi dai lai de xiao si, dao zhong guo wei jian wei dao, ju pa shi chen zhi dao,[ bian pi: dou shi yu yang qi mei。] cong xiao lu tao qu, huo yu hu lang, huo tou bie chu, zhong guo liu ta he yong? ruo jian le ma jia yi jie, yi you gu。 xian ci guan ren jia shu yi feng, zhe shi chen wang xi song yu zhong guo mou ren。 hui xi bu zai, wu zhe wu liang shou le, jin yu chao ting, hou mou ren pa chao ting yi guai, nai jie quan chen, yin shuo‘ zhe fan jin ma, bu xi zheng jing tou mu, ru he yi ban shang ta。’ yi ci jian le ma jia, ji mou ren song shi chen qu, fan shuo shi wu liang gui ji jian le, yi yu guan ren sha hai wu liang, bu xiang guo zhong qi ji。” ye xian yue:“ zhe!” yi hu yi yu“ zhe”, ran ci ye。 you shuo mai guo yi jie:“ ci guo chu zai guang dong, dao jing shi wan yu li, yi guo mai juan er pi, shi chen qu mai, zhi yu yi pi, yi ci zheng dou, mai guo zhe bi men bu mai, huang di ru he de zhi? pi ru nan chao ren wen shi chen mai ma, jia shao bian bu ken mai, qi shi guan ren fen fu ta lai?” ye xian xiao yue:“ zhe。” you shuo jian kai duan pi:“ shi hui hui ren suo wei,[ bian pi: gen sui shi ren zhe。] ta jiang yi pi jian jiang liang pi, ruo bu xin, qu sou ta xing li, hao de dou zai。” ye xian you yue:“ zhe! zhe! dou yu shi shuo de jie shi, ru jin shi yi wang, dou shi xiao ren shuo huai。” shan yin jian qi yi yi he, nai yue:“ guan ren wei bei fang da jiang shuai, zhang ling jun ma, que ting xiao ren yan yu, wang le da ming huang di hou en, shi lai sha lu ren min。 shang tian hao sheng, guan ren hao sha, you xiang fu mu qi zi tuo tao zhe, na zhu bian wan xin zhai dan, gao sheng jiao ku, shang tian qi bu wen zhi。” da yue:“ wo bu zeng zhe ta sha, shi xia ren zi yi sha。” shan yue:“ jin ri liang jia he hao ru chu, ke zao chu hao ling, shou hui jun ma, mian de shang tian fa nu jiang zai。” ye xian xiao yue:“ zhe! zhe!” wen:“ huang di hui qu, hai zuo fou。” shan yue:“ tian wei yi ding, shui zai geng huan?” ye xian yue:“ yao、 shun dang chu ru he lai?” shan yue:“ yao rang wei yu shun, jin ri xiong rang wei yu di, zheng yu yi ban。” you ping zhang ang ke wen:“ ru lai qu huang di, jiang he cai wu lai。” shan yue:“ ruo jiang cai wu lai, hou ren shuo guan ren ai qian le, ruo kong shou ying qu, jian de guan ren you ren yi, neng shun tian dao, zi gu wu ci hao nan zi。 wo jian xiu shi shu, bei xi xie shang, zhe wan dai ren cheng zan。” ye xian xiao yue:“ zhe! zhe! dou yu shi xie de hao zhe!” ci ri, jian shang huang。 you ci ri, ye xian sui she yan, yu shang huang song xing。

[ shu ping]

yang shan zhi qian, zhi shi tan wen xiao xi, chu wei you feng ying zhi ji。 bei shan yi xi hao yu, shuo de ye xian you ming bai, you huan xi, ji shi qian ren sui shan hu song shang huang lai gui, qi zai!

jin zhi huai、 min, du qi bi bu de er bu gan qiu zhe ye; song zhi hui、 qin, qiu zhi er bu de zhe ye。

shu ji zhao zhi si yang zu hu, ran ji you ke cheng zhe san: er、 yu bei jie yu gui wang, yi ye; ji shi zhe shi bei zhi hou, er ye; fen zheng zhi ji, yi yi li hai dong, san ye。 lu niu yu jin、 song zhi gu shi, fang yi qi huo ke ju。

er zhong chao zhu chen, yi ze kong shou lu zhi qi, er ze kong fu si li zhe zhi yi, xiang gu tui wei er mo gan ren。 shan yi ji yu xin, kai ran qing wang, bu fei chi bo ban qiang, dan ci wan bi, ci you qi si yang zu gan wang zai? tu mu shi yi shi wu xian, yu jin、 song zhi xue ruo bu tong; er ye xian hao ming, you fei yi hu yi liu、 nv zhi can bao wu ji zhi bi。 qi qiang shi yi yuan bu dai, suo yi yang shan zhi yan yi ru。 shi zai jin、 song wang shi, sui bai yang shan wu suo zhi hui yi。 ran er shi yin lei lei, shou ruo ruo, er kai ran qing wang, du yi dou yu shi ye! ji wu shan zhi kou she, du wu shan zhi xin gan hu?

【 yi wen】

tu mu zhi bian( ming ying zong shi si nian, ying zong qin zheng, wa la zai tu mu bao xi ying zong, ying zong bei fu) hou, ying zong bei ye xian( ming shi meng gu wa la bu cheng xiang) qiu jin le yi nian duo。 ming shi sui lv ci yao qiu ye xian song hui ying zong, dan ye xian tai du fan fan fu fu, shi zhong bu de yao ling; xiang pai da chen qian wang wa la tan wen ye xian xin yi, dan ren wu chen zhong, hen nan jue ding ren xuan。 zuo dou yu shi( guan ming, zhang dan he bai guan) yang shan zi yuan qing qiu wei shi chen qian wang wa la。[ gao guan nan de ru ci, zu jian qi xiong zhong yi you zhu zhang。] ye xian de zhi yang shan jiang lai, pai yi ming cong ming ji ling de yi hu yi ren ying jie yang shan, bing jie ji ci tan ming chao jun qing。

er ren jian mian hou, yi hu yi ren shuo:“ wo ben ye shi zhong guo ren, zi cong bei wa la ren fu lu hou yi zhi liu zai ci di。” jie zhe wen yang shan dang nian tu mu bao zhi yi, ming chao jun dui zen hui zai shuang fang wei yi jiao yi zhan de qing kuang xia kui san。

yang shan shuo:“ tai ping de ri zi guo jiu le, jiang shuai shi bing dou yi xi guan an yi。 zai shuo dang nian bu shi ming chao zheng gui jun, zhi shi ying zong de hu wei sui cong, zai mei you jie huo ying di de jun ling jiu zao wa la tu ji, zen bu kui san? bu guo, na ci wa la sui ran huo sheng, ye wei bi shi wa la ren de fu qi。 dang jin huang shang ji wei hou, cong ming rui zhi, guang na ge fang zhong yan。 you ren xian ji shuo:‘ wa la ren qin fan zhong guo, yi ding shi qi ma fan shan yue ling, jing you guan kou qin fan bian jing。 ruo xia ling bian jing shou wei, zai zhe yi dai ding shang tie jue zi, shang liu xiao kong cha jian zhui, deng wa la ren ma chuang guan shi, jiu hui wu zhong tie jue zi de mai fu, yi ding shang wang can zhong。’ huang shang yi jing cai na。 you you ren shuo:‘ xian zai wo jun shi yong de da pao, mei ci zhi neng fa she yi mei shi pao, suo yi sha shang li xiao, ruo shi huan zhuang xiang ji zi ban da de shi pao yi dou, fa she chu qu hou kuo san de fan wei da, di ren de ren ma yi ding si shang geng duo。’ huang shang ye jie shou le。 you you ren shuo:‘ guang xi、 si chuan yi dai lie sha lao hu dou yong du yi yao, ruo shi tu zai jian tou shang, yi chu dao pi rou, bu guan shi ren shi ma li ji bi ming。’ zhe jian yi ye bei cai na, du yi yao yi you guang xi deng di song lai。 hai xuan ba guo nei shan yu she jian de ren san shi wan, yi zui fan wei jian ba ju xing yan yi xi yi , jie guo cheng xiao shen hao。 you you ren jian yi:‘ xian zai huo?? dui sui you san、 si pai, dan di ren mei ci dou chen wo jun tian zhuang zi dan shi qi ma chong ru wo jun zhen di, ruo shi jian zao da xing shuang tou huo??, yi ci ke zhuang tian shu fa tie dan, tu shang du yi yao, pai zai huo?? dui zhi hou, deng di ren qi ma chong sha shi tong shi fa dan, yi ding hui rang di ren chang chuan du po。’ jing guo shi yan hou zheng ming, yuan zai san bai bu ju li wai reng ji ju sha shang li。 fan shi xian ji de ren, dou ke feng guan huo shang, suo yi you zhi mou de ren mei you bu zheng xiang xian ji de。 zai jia shang jun shi men ge ge qin jia cao lian, ren ren shi qi wang sheng, ke xi xian zai quan yong bu shang。”[ hua wei shou de miao。]

yi hu yi ren shuo:“ zen me yong bu shang?”

yang shan shuo:“ ruo da ming yu wa la jiang he xiu hao, zhe xie zhun bei zen me pai shang yong chang?”

yi hu yi ren ting le li ke bao gao ye xian。

di er tian, yang shan yu ye xian hui mian, ye xian wen yang shan guan zhi, yang shan shuo:“ dou yu shi。”

ye xian shuo:“ ming yu wa la you hao duo nian, zhe ci wei shen me yao kou liu wo de shi chen, jian shao jin gong de shang ci, suo shang de jin duan ye dou yi pi jian duan wei er, bing qie ba wo pai qu de shi zhe kou ya zai xing guan zhong, bu rang ta men zi yi you xing dong, zhe bi zhang yao zen me suan?”

yang shan shuo:“ nin fu qin na yi dai shi dao zhong guo jin gong ma pi, suo pai de shi zhe bu guo san shi duo ren, de dao shang ci de ye bu guo shi you er、 san ren, cong lai bu jia ji jiao, liang guo qing yi you hao shen hou。 jin tian nin pai wang zhong guo de shi chen duo da san qian duo ren, jian le huang shang mei ren dou shang de yi jian zhi jin yi fu, ji shi shi ji sui de hai tong, ye he cheng yi ren ban tong yang shang ci, zhi yu huang shang feng sheng de ci yan geng bu yong shuo。 wei le shi nin you mian zi, shi chen hui wa la qian you zai ci yan。 geng pai te shi hu song, na you ju liu shi zhe de shi? ke neng shi sui shi chen tong lai de yi nu yi pu, zai zhong guo zuo jian wei dao, hai pa shi chen ze fa, wei zui you xiao lu tao zou, zhong tu huo shi luo jiao ta chu, huo yu hu lang zao dao yi wai, ye shuo bu ding。 zhe xie ren zhong guo liu xia ta men you you shen me yong? zhi yu jian shao jin ma de shang ci ye shi you yuan yin de。 xian qian nin zeng xie le yi feng xin, tuo shi chen wang xi song yi jiao yi nin de zhong guo you ren, zheng qiao wang xi wai chu, xin jian rang wu liang wu shou le cheng gei chao ting, hou lai nin de peng you pa chao ting wu hui, jiu dui da chen shuo zhe ci wa la qian lai xian ma de shi chen bu shi nin suo pai, bu neng bi zhao wang li shang ci, suo yi shang ci jiu bi yi wang shao。 er nin de peng you wei shi zhe song xing shi que wu lai shuo shi wu liang de ji mou, xiang jie nin shou sha le wu liang, nin guo ran sha le wu liang。”

ye xian shuo:“ zhe。” yi hu yi yu zhong“ zhe” jiu shi“ dui” de yi si。

yang shan you shuo:“ zai shuo dao mai guo, zhe zhong guo zhi you guang dong cai you, guang dong ju jing shi you yi wan duo li, suo yi yi zhi guo ding jia liang pi juan, gui guo shi zhe mai guo, zhi ken chu yi pi juan, shuang fang tao jia hai jia, mai guo de ren suo xing guan men bu zuo sheng yi, zhe zhong shi huang shang you zen me hui zhi dao? jiu hao bi zhong guo ren xiang gui guo shi zhe mai ma, chu jia tai di shi zhe dang ran bu ken mai, nan dao neng shuo shi nin de shou yi bu cheng?”

ye xian xiao zhe shuo:“ zhe。”

yang shan you shuo:“ jian duan jin duan dou shi hui hui ren( shi chen yi nu yi pu) zuo de, ta men jiang yi pi jin duan jian cheng liang duan, ruo nin bu xin, sou ta men de xing li, zheng pi wan hao de jin duan dou zai ta men de xing li zhong。”

ye xian you shuo:“ zhe, zhe, dou yu shi shuo de dou shi shi hua。 ru jin shi qing dou guo le, dou shi xiao ren chan yan。”

yang shan jian ye xian tai du huan he, jiu shuo:“ nin shi wa la da jiang jun, que ting xin xiao ren chan yan, wang le da ming huang di en de, chang chang qin fan bian jing, sha hai bai xing。 shang tian you hao sheng zhi de, nin que hao sha lu, suo fu de ming chao shi bing, huo yin si nian jia ren er tao pao, zhua dao bian wa xin zhai dan, ta men qi li de can jiao sheng, shang tian na you ting bu dao de?”

ye xian shuo:“ wo bu hui xia ling sha ren, dou shi xia mian de ren sha de。”

yang shan shuo:“ xian zai liang guo wu hui cheng qing, he hao ru chu, ke fou qing xiang guo xia ling che bing, mian de shang tian fa nu jiang zai。”

ye xian xiao zhe shuo:“ zhe, zhe! qing wen ying zong hui guo hou, hai hui shi huang di ma?”

   yang shan shuo:“ jing di yi deng di wei, zen neng zai geng huan?”

ye xian shuo:“ yao、 shun shi dai di wei shi ru he chuan cheng de?”

yang shan shuo:“ yao rang wei gei shun, he jin tian xiong rang wei gei di shi tong yang dao li。”

you ge jiao ang ke de ping zhang cha zui shuo:“ gui guo qian lai ying jie huang di hui guo, dai shen me li wu da xie wo guo?”

yang shan shuo:“ ruo xie dai li wu, hou shi de ren hui chao xiao nin tan cai; ruo kong shou qian lai ying feng huang shang, biao xian nin de ren yi zhi xin, neng shun ying tian dao, zi you li shi lai cong mei you zhe yang ding tian li di de nan zi han, chen yi ding jian du shi guan xiu shi shi xiang xi ji zai, rang hou shi wan dai ren ren cheng song nin de zuo wei。”

ye xian xiao zhe shuo:“ zhe, zhe! jiu qing dou yu shi hao hao wei wo xie ba。”

di er tian, ye xian jian ying zong, zai ge yi tian, ye xian she yan kuan dai yang shan, bing wei ying zong jian xing。

[ shu ping yi wen]

ben lai pai yang shan chu shi wa la, zhi shi tan wen ye xian yi tu, mei you feng ying ying zong hui guo de ji hua, ran er ye xian bei yang shan yi fan hua shuo de xin li ji ming bai you gao xing, li ji pai ren sui yang shan hu song ying zong hui guo, shi zai shi bu ke si yi de shi。

jin chao de huai、 min er di bei fu, liao xiang di ren bu hui qing yi tuo xie, suo yi gen ben bu gan kai kou; zhi yu song chao hui、 qin er

di que shi lv ci yao qiu song hui bei ju, ta men huo xu dou xi wang you ge lei si si yang zu de ren wu chu xian。

ran er jiu yi ban qing kuang, fu lu dui fang jun wang dui zi ji zui you li de yin su you san: yi shi dui fang chao chen dou pan wang huang di zao ri hui guo, er shi qian qu qiu he ying feng de shi zhe luo yi bu jue, dui fang da chen men yi jian fen qi, san shi rong yi yi li hai guan xi ti chu yao qiu。 ye xian xiang fang xiao jin、 song mo shi, yi wei fu lu ying zong ke yi si yi yao xie, er ming chao da chen yi ze hai pa shou ye xian wei xie, yi ze you bu yuan wei ni jing di zhi yi, xiang hu tui wei bu gan dan ren shi chen。 yang shan ping zhe xiong zhong yi gu zheng qi, zi yuan qing wang wa la, bu fei yi juan yi bi jiu ying feng ying zong hui guo, zhe zhi mou you na shi si yang zu suo neng xiang bi de?

bu guo, tu mu bao zhi yi de shi bai, zhi shi yi shi da yi, wu zhong ye xian xi ji, yu jin、 song liang chao de guo shi ji ruo bu zhen bu tong。 zai shuo ye xian zhong shi ming sheng, you he jin ren de can bao tan hen bu tong, er wa la de guo shi ye yuan bu ru jin ren qiang sheng, suo yi yang shan de hua rong yi da dong ye xian。 ruo shi chu zai song chao, ji shi you yi bai ge yang shan, ye shuo bu shang yi ju hua。

ran er zai dang shi quan gao wei zun de da chen zhong, neng zi yuan chu ren shi chen qian wang wa la de ye zhi you yang shan yi ren, zhi yu qi ta xiang hu tui wei de da chen, ji shi mei you yang shan de kou cai, nan dao ye mei you yang shan de zheng yi zhi xin ma?

738、 fu bi

【 yuan wen】

qi dan cheng chao ting you xi xia zhi you, qian shi lai yan guan nan zhi di。 di shi shi jin suo ge, hou wei zhou shi zong suo qu。 fu bi feng shi, wang jian qi dan zhu yue:“ liang chao ji hao, chui si shi nian, yi dan qiu ge di, he ye?” qi dan zhu yue:“ nan chao wei yue, sai yan men, zeng tang shui, zhi cheng huang, ji min bing, jiang yi he wei? qun chen qing ju bing er nan, wu wei bu ruo qian shi qiu di, qiu er bu huo, ju bing wei wan。” bi yue:“ bei chao wang zhang sheng huang di zhi da de hu? chan yuan zhi yi, gou cong zhu jiang yan, bei bing wu de tuo zhe。 qie bei chao yu zhong guo tong hao, ze ren zhu zhuan qi li, er chen xia wu suo huo; ruo yong bing, ze li gui chen xia, er ren zhu ren qi huo。 gu quan yong bing zhe, jie wei shen mou er。 jin zhong guo ti feng wan li, yi jing yi bing bai wan, bei chao yu yong bing, neng bao bi sheng hu? jiu shi xing sheng, suo wang shi ma, qun chen dang zhi yu, yi ren zhu dang zhi yu? ruo tong hao bu jue, sui bi jin gui ren zhu, qun chen he li yan?” qi dan zhu da wu, shou ken zhe jiu zhi。 bi you yue:“ yan men zhe, bei yuan hao ye。 tang shui shi yu he cheng ju, shi zai tong hao qian。 cheng huang xiu jiu, min bing yi bu que, fei wei yue ye。” qi dan zhu yue:“ sui ran, wu zu zong gu di, dang jian hai er。” bi yue:“ jin yi lu long lu qi dan, zhou shi zong fu qu guan nan di, jie yi dai shi, ruo ge qiu di, qi bei chao zhi li zai。”[ bian pi: zhan shang feng。] ji tui, liu liu fu yue:“ wu zhu chi shou jin bi, jian yu shi xian, he ru?” bi yue:“ ben chao huang di yan:‘ wei zu zong shou guo, qi gan wang yi tu di yu ren? bei chao suo yu, bu guo zu fu er, zhen bu ren duo sha liang chao chi zi, gu qu di zeng bi yi dai zhi。”[ bian pi: zhan shang feng。] ruo bi yu de di, shi zhi zai bai meng, jia ci wei ci er。” ming ri qi dan zhu zhao bi tong lie, yin bi ma zi jin, wei yue:“ de di ze huan hao ke jiu。” bi yue:“ bei chao ji yi de di wei rong, nan chao bi yi shi di wei ru, xiong di zhi guo, qi ke shi yi rong yi ru zai?” lie ba, liu fu yue:“ wu zhu wen gong rong ru zhi yan, yi shen gan wu, jin wei jie yin ke yi er。” bi yue:“ hun yin yi sheng xian xi, ben chao chang gong zhu chu jia, ji song bu guo shi wan min, qi ruo sui bi wu qiong zhi li zai。” bi hai bao, di xu zeng bi。 qi dan zhu yue:“ nan chao ji zeng wo bi, ci dang yue‘ xian’。” bi yue:“ nan chao wei xiong, qi you xiong xian yu di hu?”[ bian pi: zhan shang feng。] qi dan zhu yue:“ ran ze wei‘ na’。”, bi yi bu ke, qi dan zhu yue:“ nan chao ji yi hou bi yi wo, shi ju wo yi, yu er zi he you? ruo wo yong bing er nan, de wu hui hu?” bi yue:“ ben chao jian ai nan bei,[ bian pi: zhan shang feng。] gu bu dan geng cheng, he ming wei ju? huo bu de yi er zhi yu yong bing, ze dang yi qu zhi wei sheng fu, fei shi chen zhi suo zhi ye。” qi dan zhu yue:“ qing wu gu zhi, gu you zhi yi。” bi yue:“ zi gu wei tang gao zu jie bing tu jue。 dang shi zeng yi, huo cheng xian na, qi hou jie li wei tai zong suo qin,[ bian pi: zhan shang feng。] qi fu you ci zai?” qi dan zhu zhi bu ke duo, zi qian ren lai yi。 di yong yan shu yi, jing yi“ na” zi yu zhi。[ bian pi: ke hen。]

[ shu ping]

fu zheng gong yu qi dan zhu wang fu zai si, ju ju zhan shang feng, er yu qi you he wan, shi ren ke ting。 ci ke yu li ye hou can kan, shuo ci zhi zui shan ye。

bi shi shou ming wang, wen yi nv zu, zai wang, wen yi nan sheng, jie bu gu。 de jia shu, wei chang fa, zhe fen zhi, yue:“ tu luan ren yi。” you ci yi pian yi jing yi cheng, zi ran bu ru jun ming。

【 yi wen】

qi dan chen song chao zheng zao xi xia ren qin fan bian jing, qiong yu ying fu shi, pai shi zhe qian lai yao qiu gui hai guan nan zhi di( zhe shi wu dai shi shi jing tang wei qiu qi dan qi bing zhi zhu, ge rang gei qi dan de tu di zhi yi, hou you hou zhou shi zong duo hui。)

fu bi( zi yan guo, you cheng fu han gong) feng ming qian wang qi dan, jian qi dan zhu shuo:“ liang guo xiu hao yi you si shi nian, wei shen me jin tian tu ran you ge di de yao qiu?”

qi dan zhu shuo:“ song wei meng yue, pai bing fang shou yan men guan, zeng pi shui tang, zheng xiu cheng qiang, zheng tiao min bing, zhe shi yao zuo shen me shen me? ben wang de chen zi men dou yao qiu ben wang li ji chu bing nan xia, ben wang dui ta men shuo:‘ xian pai shi zhe yao qiu ge di, ruo song bu da ying, zai chu bing ye bu chi。’”

   fu bi shuo:“ bei chao nan dao wang le zhen zong huang di de en de ma? dang nian chan yuan zhi yi, ruo zhen zong huang di cai na jiang jun men de yi jian, bei chao shi bing shui neng huo zhe hui qu? zai shuo bei chao yu zhong guo xiu hao, jun wang ke du xiang suo you de hao chu, er chen xia mei you si hao de li yi。 yi dan shuang fang yi jiao yi zhan, ru guo sheng li, gong lao gui da chen suo you; ru guo shi bai, jun wang que yao cheng dan zhan zheng zhong suo you de ze ren。 suo yi chen zi quan jun wang yong bing, wu fei shi wei zi shen de li yi da suan。 zhong guo jiang yu liao kuo, yi jing yi bing bai wan, bei chao xiang yao yong bing, neng bao zheng yi ding hui huo sheng ma? jiu suan jiao xing huo sheng, zhen wang de shi bing, sun shi de zhan ma, zhe ze ren you qun chen cheng dan、 hai shi you jun wang nin cheng dan ne? ruo shi liang guo xiu hao, mei nian jun wang dou ke xiang you jin yin, si juan de zeng yu, nin de da chen neng fen dao shen me hao chu ne?”

shuo de qi dan zhu lian lian dian tou。

fu bi you shuo:“ fang shou yan men guan shi wei fang bei yuan hao( xi xia li nang ben ming); pi jian shui tang shi you he cheng ju kai shi xing jian, zhe xie shi dou shi zai liang guo ding meng qian jiu yi you de; zhi yu xiu qiang shi yin cheng qiang tai guo lao jiu, er zheng tiao min bing ye shi di bu jun zhong yi que, bing mei you wei bei meng yue。”

qi dan zhu shuo:“ jiu suan nan chao mei you wei yue, dan guan nan shi wo zu xian de tu di, ye gai gui hai wo men。”

fu bi shuo:“ hou jin yi lu long di hui lu qi dan, zhou shi zong you cong qi dan ren shou zhong qu hui, zhe dou shi qian chao de shi le, ruo shi ge zi suo tao jiu di, bei chao neng tao dao hao chu ma?”

fu bi gao ci tui xia。 liu liu fu dui fu bi shuo:“ wo wang dui mei nian jie shou nan chao de jin bi jiao de chi ru, ru guo wo wang jian chi yao nan song ge di, ni jiao de ru he?”

fu bi shuo:“ ben chao huang di zeng shuo:‘ yao wei zu xian gu shou guo tu, bu gan sui bian ge rang tu di。 bei chao suo xi wang cong tu di qu de de, de wu fei shi yin liang、 juan chou, zhen bu ren xin liang guo wu gu bai xing yin yi jiao yi zhan er sang ming, suo yi zeng jia mei nian sui bi lai ti dai tu di de zeng yu。 ruo bei chao jian chi yi ding yao tu di, jiu shi you xin hui qi meng yue, er yi ge di wei jie kou。’”

di er tian qi dan zhu yao fu bi yi tong da lie, qi jian ba fu bi jiao dao jin qian si xia shuo:“ ruo nan song ken ge rang tu di, na me liang guo de you yi ke yi bao chi chang jiu。”

fu bi shuo:“ jia ru bei chao de dao tu di hui jiao de guang rong kuai le, na me nan song bi hui yin sun shi tu di er gan dao qu ru nan guo。 nan song, qi dan shi xiong di zhi bang, zen neng zuo chu ling yi ge jiao de guang rong, yi ge jiao de qu ru de shi ne。”

shou lie jie shu hou, liu liu fu dui fu bi shuo:“ ting le wo wang he xian sheng suo tan you guan rong、 ru de shi, wo xiang ru jin zhi you liang guo jie cheng qin jia cai neng gong gu guo yi。”

fu bi shuo:“ hun yin rong yi chan sheng mo ca。 zai shuo ben chao chang gong zhu chu jia, pei jia de jia zhuang bu guo shi wan qian, na li bi de shang nian nian huo zeng de sui yin ne。”

fu bi li kai qi dan hou, bian hui guo xiang ren zong bao gao jing guo, ren zong da ying zeng jia sui yin。 qi dan zhu shuo:“ nan chao ji da ying mei nian zai zeng sui yin, meng yue shang jiu ye gai shuo cheng‘ xian’ sui yin。”

fu bi shuo:“ liang guo ji yue wei xiong di, nan song shi xiong chang, na you xiong chang gei di di dong xi cheng zhi wei‘ xian’ de dao li?”

qi dan zhu you shuo:“ na cheng zhi wei‘ na’ ru he?”

fu bi hai shi jian chi bu tuo xie。

qi dan zhu shuo:“ nan song ji da ying mei nian gei ben wang feng hou de sui yin he si juan, wei de shi pa ben wang nan qin, gai yi ge zi you shen me guan xi ne? fou ze wo zhen lv bing nan qin, nan song bu hui hou hui ma?”

fu bi shuo:“ nan song jian ai liang guo ren min de sheng ming, suo yi xi wang liang guo he ping, zhe na li shi hai pa? ru guo zhen dao bu de yi de di bu, fei de liang guo yi jiao yi zhan, jiang hui yi li zhi qu zhi fen sheng fu, zhe jie guo jiu bu shi chong dang he ping shi zhe de wo suo neng yu zhi de le。”

qi dan zhu shuo:“ ni bu yao tai gu zhi, qi shi gai dong zhe yi liang zi, li shi shang zao you xian li le。”

fu bi shuo:“ li shi shang zhi you tang gao zu yin zeng jing xiang tu jue ren jie bing, dang shi wei chou xie tu jue ren, huo cheng‘ xian na’。 ke shi hou lai jie li( tang shi tu jue ke han) bei tang tai zong qin fu。 xian zai na neng rang na yang de qing xing zai xian ne?”

qi dan zhu zhi dao wu fa shuo fu fu bi, jiu si xia pai ren dao song chao yi he。 jie guo ren zong cai na yan shu( lin chuan ren, zi shu tong) de yi jian, jing ran tong yi yong“ na” zi。

[ shu ping yi wen]

fu bi yu qi dan zhu xian hou mian tan si ci, ju ju hua zhan shang feng, er yu qi yi wen yi he、 tai du wei wan, rang ren ting de jin hua。 fu bi de zhe fan shuo ci, ke he li ye hou bi mei, shi chu ren shi chen tan hua zui gao de jing jie。

fu bi di yi ci feng ming qian wang qi dan shi zheng feng sang nv, di er ci zai wang qi dan, jia zhong tian yi nan er, dan fu bi dou bu zeng hui jia tan wang, shou dao jia shu ye bu zeng chai yue, jiu shun shou shao hui, shuo:“ kan jia shu zhi hui rao luan wo de si lv。” you zhe yang de yi pian zhong cheng, zi ran neng bu ru jun ming。

739、 wang shou ren

【 yuan wen】

tu guan an gui rong, lei shi jiao jian, yi cong zheng xiang lu shan, jia gui zhou bu zheng si can zheng, you yang yang bo zhi, nai zou qi jian long chang zhu yi, yi chang qi gong。 shi xia du fu kan yi, shi bing bu zhu shi wang shou ren yi jian yan zhe long chang yi cheng, gui rong shen jing li zhi, shou ren yi shu gui rong, lve yue:“ fan chao ting zhi du, ding zi zu zong, hou shi shou zhi, bu gan shan gai。 gai zai chao ting, qie wei zhi bian luan, kuang zhu hou hu? zong chao ting bu jian zui, you si zhe jiang zhi fa yi sheng zhi。 ji xing mian yi shi, huo wu liu nian, huo ba jiu nian, sui yuan zhi er san shi nian yi, dang shi zhe you de chi dian zhang er yi qi hou。 ruo shi, ze shi jun he li yan? shi jun zhi xian, zi han、 tang yi lai qian ji bai nian, tu di ren min, wei zhi huo gai, suo yi chang jiu ruo ci zhe, yi neng shi shou tian zi li fa, jie zhong jin li, bu gan fen cun you suo wei yue, gu tian zi yi bu de wu gu er jia zhu zhong liang zhi chen。 bu ran, shi jun zhi tu di ren min, fu qie sheng yi, chao ting xi qu er jun xian zhi, shui yun bu ke? fu yi ke jian ye, yi ke zeng ye, yi ke gai ye, xuan wei si yi ke ge ye, you ci yan zhi, dai shen you hai! shi jun qi wei zhi si ye? suo yun zou gong sheng zhi, yi yi ru ci。 fu chan chu kou dao, yi fu sui ping liang, yi shou shi chang zhi。 jin lv ju yi yao shang, ze chao ting ping ri zhi en yi chong yi lu wei, gu jiang he wei? shi jun wei can zheng, yi fei she guan zhi jiu, jin you gan jin bu yi, shi wu di ji ye, zhong bi bu kan。 fu xuan wei, shou tu zhi guan, gu de yi shi you qi tu di ren min; ruo can zheng, ze liu guan yi, dong xi nan bei, wei tian zi suo shi, chao ting xia fang chi zhi xi, wei shi jun yi yi zhi, huo min huo shu, fu xing, ze fang ming zhi zhu bu xuan zhong er zhi。 ruo peng xi cong shi, qian bai nian zhi tu di ren min, fei fu shi jun you yi。 you ci yan zhi, sui jin ri zhi can zheng, shi jun jiang kong ci zhi bu su, you ke qiu jin hu?” hou yi jing bu jian。

[ ping]

ci shu tu guan yi xie yi tong zhi zuo you。

 

【 yi wen】

tu guan( yuan、 ming yi lai guan ling miao man zhi di, guan zhi you tu ren shi xi) an gui rong wei ren jiao ao zi da, zi ren sui jun chu zheng xiang lu shan gong lao bu xiao, chao ting sui jia feng gui zhou bu zheng si can zheng de guan zhi, reng jiao de bu zu yi jiang shang ta chu zheng de gong xun, yu shi zou qing huang di che jian fen fa long chang yi cheng de yuan e, gai you zi ji di bu, zuo wei feng shang。

chao ting jiang ci shi yi jiao yi you du fu shen yi, zhe shi bing bu zhu shi wang shou ren wei shang shu ying jiu dai xi, bei bian wei long chang yi cheng。 an gui rong yi xiang jing zhong wang shou ren, wang shou ren zhi dao an gui rong shang zou che jian long chang yi cheng de shi hou, jiu xie le yi feng xin gei ta, xin

zhong shuo:

“ da fan chao ting fa zhi dou you zu xian zhi ding, hou shi zi sun yan shou li zhi, bu gan shan zi geng gai。 ru guo huang shang qin zi geng gai, shang cheng zhi wei bian luan, geng he kuang shi da chen ne? zong shi huang shang bu jiang zui, you guan de lv fa ji guan ye ying gai an lv fa ding zui; ji shi hen xing yun de dang shi mei you zhui jiu, dan wu、 liu nian zhi hou, huo zhe ba、 jiu nian zhi hou, shen zhi er、 san shi nian hou, reng neng na zhe zhuang zhi zhui su qian zui。 ruo zhen you zhe me yi tian, dui ni you shen me hao chu ne?

“ zai shuo le, ni de xian zu, zi han、 tang yi lai qian bai nian yong you zhe pian tu di ji ren min, cong mei you bian dong guo, yuan yin jiu zai yu shi shi dai dai neng zun shou tian zi li fa, jie jin zhong cheng, bu gan you si hao de wei yue。 suo yi ji shi shen wei tian zi ye bu neng sui bian jia feng chen zi, fou ze ni de tu di fei wo, ren min zhong duo, huang shang ye neng ren yi duo guo lai fang xiao nei di li wei jun xian, dao shi hou shui you gan shuo bu xing? yi cheng ke che jian, dang ran ye ke yi zeng yuan, ru guo yi cheng de yuan e ke zeng jian, xuan wei si ye tong yang ke yi, you ci kan lai, jian shao yi cheng yuan e jiu lian xuan wei si ye hou huan wu qiong, ni nan dao mei you shen yi ceng fen xi guo ma?

“ ni zou ben shang suo shuo, li xia han ma jun gong, yao qiu jin sheng guan zhi, ye shi tong yang dao li。 jiao mie dao fei, an fu bai xing ben lai jiu shi tu guan fen nei zhi ze, xian zai ni duo ci yi jian gong shang shu yao shang, na me ping ri suo ling de chao ting feng lu you shi wei de shen me ne? zai shuo ni yi bei ren ming wei can zheng, zhe yi chao yue le chang gui, ni hai shang zou yao gong, zhe yang tan de wu yan, qi ta da chen yi ding hui jiao de nan yi ren shou。

“ zai shuo, chao ting wei xuan wei tu guan, lv fa gui ding guan wei shi xi, zi sun wan dai neng yong yuan bao you tu di ren min; er can zheng guan shi liu guan, guan li shou chao ting ren ming sui shi tiao dong。 dong xi nan bei, quan ping huang shang yi ju hua。 chao ting xia da yi zhi gong wen, ren ming ni yi ge guan zhi, huo shi fu jian, huo shi si chuan, ni jiu de ma shang qu。 bu lv xin zhi, kang ming sha tou de zhao ming li ji jiu dao; ruo shi feng ming lv zhi, qian bai nian lai shi xi de tu di, ren min jiu bu zai gui zi ji suo you。 cong zhe ge jiao du lai kan, ni sui yi ren ming wei can zheng, ying gai tui ci dou lai bu ji, zen hui zai you qi ta de yao qiu ne?”

an gui rong kan wan xin hou, zai ye bu gan ti che jian yi cheng de shi。

[ ping yi wen]

quan guo suo you de tu guan, dou ying gai ba wang shou ren zhe feng xin chao xie yi bian, zuo wei zuo you ming。

740、 zhang jia yan

【 yuan wen】

zhang gong jia yan si li guang zhou shi, bian hai she you zong bing, can、 you deng guan, mu xia ge shu qian fang bing, mei ri gong shi san fen。 ran can、 you bing mei sui she yuan chu xun, er zong bing guan suo xia bing, jie jie kou zuo zhen bu yuan xing。 mei san nian wu nian xiu chuan, qi can、 you bu xia bing, zhi gei mei ri gong shi zhi ban; ji fei xiu chuan, er jin bu chu xun ye, yi jian gong shi mei ri san fen zhi yi, ju zhu wei xiu chuan zhi yong。 du zong bing guan bu xia bing hao wu suo jian, dang xiu chuan shi, ling cou chu yu min jian。 ji yi xi yi yi jiu, bi ci shi wei gu ran。 

hu xun dao shen xiang jun men, yu jiang zong bing guan suo xia bing, yi hou shao shi cai qi gong shi, liu bei xiu chuan zhi yong。 jun men shi yu zong bing you xi, nai cang zu yun xing。 ge bing hong ran er hua, zhi zhang gong wei yuan dao er mu, zhi yi bi yi qi tang。

zhang gong yi se an xian, ming hu zhi shi zhe wu liu ren deng jie shu qi gu。 zhong bing ju yong er qian, ji chi xia tang, yue:“ ren yan xiao luan, shu bu bian ting。” zhong bing nai xia。 shi tian yu shen, bing yi jin shi, zhang gong yi bu gu, dan ling ci liu ren zhe hao yan zhi。 liu ren xiao xiao, cheng jiu wu jian li。 zhang gong yue:“ ci shi wo yi yu wen, ru deng quan bu chu xun, que nan guai shang ren ye。 ru yu bu jian yi shi de, sui ran, yi fei ru zhi li ye。 shang si zi jin shi ru deng yu can、 you bing mei sui geng die chu xun, ru ning de bu wang hu? ruo wang, ze ru deng qie cheng can、 you bing, gong shi jian ban yi。[ bian pi: chu zhi yi hai。] ru suo zheng er cun zhe, fei ru suo neng xiang, er can、 you bing zhi lai dai zhe suo de ye。 he bu ting qi shao jian, er ru deng you de sui sui cheng da jiang jun bing hu?[ bian pi: xin zhi yi li。] ru deng shi si zhi!” ci liu ren fu shou bu neng dui, wei yue:“ yuan ye ye zhuan da kuan xu。” zhang gong yue:“ ru deng xing ming wei shui?” ge xiang gu bu ken yan。 zhang gong ma yue:“ ru deng bu yan xing ming, shang si wen wo‘ shui lai bing ru’, he yi dui zhi? bu fang shuo lai, zi you chu ye。” nai shi ge yan xing ming er ji zhi。 zhang gong yue:“ ru deng chuan yu zhu ren, ci shi zi dang you chu, shen wu hua。 zhu ren er hua, ru zhi liu ren zhe ge you xing ming, shang si jie zhan ru shou yi。” liu ren shi se, wei wei er tui。 hou yi zhu bing mei yue jian yin yi qian, bing jing wu hua zhe。

[ yi]

shuo de dao li tou che, li hai fen ming, bu jiao qi ping er xin shun yi。 fan yi jian sheng ji bian zhe, jie bu shan chu fen zhi guo!

【 yi wen】

ming chao ren zhang jia yan zhi li guang zhou shi, hai fang she you zong bing( guan ming, ming chao zong bing guan zhen shou yi fang, jian cheng zong bing)、 can jiang、 you ji deng guan zhi, ge tong ling shu qian hai fang bing。 mei wei shi bing mei ri ke ling gong zuo ji can fei jin tie san fen yin zi。 mei nian can、 you shu xia dou yao dao wai di fu yi, er zong bing shu xia dou yi zhen shou hai fang wei jie kou, cong bu dao wai di fu yi。 er mei feng san、 wu nian yi ci de xiu chuan qi, can、 you bing dou zhi neng ling ban ri jin tie; ji shi bu xiu chuan、 bu fu yi ye yao kou jian san fen zhi yi jin tie, zuo wei xiu chuan de gong ji jin。 dan zong bing shu xia que shi yi fen qian dou bu kou, mei ci xiu chuan, jiu xiang min jian chou mu kuan xiang。 you yu xing zhi you nian, yi jing yue ding su cheng, wu lun can、 you huo zong bing dou yi xi guan。

yi ri, xun dao( guan ming, ming chao ge sheng an cha si) bing bao jun men( ming chao tong bing guan de zun cheng), xiang jiang zong bing de shi bing ye bi zhao can you suo shu de guan bing kou jian jin tie, zuo wei xiu chuan de ji jin。 zheng qiao jun men he zong bing jian zeng jing you guo mo ca, suo yi jun men mei you zai xi kao lv, pi zhun le xun dao de qing qiu。 zong bing de xia xia bing shi ting dao xiao xi hou qun qing ji fen, ren wei zhang jia yan shi chao ting ming guan, yu shi bao yi pi wei zhang jia yan de gong tang。

zhang jia yan yi tai cong rong, ming shi bing dai biao wu、 liu ren jin gong tang shuo ming zheng ge shi jian de jing guo。 qi ta shi bing ye yi yong er shang, zhang jia yan li ji da sheng chi ze shuo:“ ren duo zui za, fan er ting bu qing chu。” qi ta shi bing zhe cai tui xia。 zhe shi tian xia da yu, shi bing men de yi fu dou yi shi tou, zhang jia yan ye bu guan。

dai biao shuo, wang ri cong lai mei you kou jian jin tie de jiu li。

zhang jia yan shuo:“ zhe shi wo ye you er wen。 dan ni men cong bu fu yi, ye nan guai chang guan hui you zhe yang de jue ding。 ni men xiang bu kou jian jin tie ye xing, dan shi yi wo kan ni men wei bi neng de dao hao chu, yin wei shang mian you ling, ni men cong xian zai kai shi he can you bing yi yang mei nian lun liu fu yi, ni men gan wei ling ma? ruo shi fu yi, na me ni men ye he can you bing yi yang, jin tie jian ban, ni men ji li suo zheng qu de bu kou jian jin tie, fan er shi can you bing xiang shou dao le, suo yi wei shen me bu guai guai de ting ming kou jian jin tie, er dai yi bu wai chu fu yi, an an wen wen de zuo zong guan de bu shu ne? ni men zai xi kao lv yi xia ba。”

zhe liu ren di tou da bu chu hua lai, zui hou zhi you shuo:“ qing zhang gong dai wei zhuan da chang guan, qing chang guan ti xu wo men de chu jing。”

zhang jia yan shuo:“ ni men ji ge jiao shen me ming zi?” liu ren ni kan wo、 wo kan ni, dou bu yuan yi bao xing ming。

zhang jia yan ma dao:“ ni men bu ken liu xia xing ming, shang mian chang guan wen wo shi shui lai chen qing, wo yao zen me hui da? ni men zhi guan bao shang xing ming, wo zi you zhu zhang。” liu ren zhe cai liu xia ming zi。

zhang jia yan shuo:“ ni men hui qu hou gao su di xia na xie ren, zhe shi wo zi you zhu zhang, yao ta men bu yao zai nao shi。 ru guo nao shi, ni men zhe liu ren dou liu you ming zi, chang guan hui xia ling kan tou de。” liu ren ting le fei chang jing kong, dian tou gao tui。

ri hou jue yi, mei yue mei ge zong bing suo xia shi bing kou jian jin tie yi qian, suo you shi bing jing hao wu yi yi de jie shou。

[ yi yi wen]

zhang jia yan yi fan hua shuo de he qing he li, li hai fen ming, rang shi bing men ting le xin ping qi he er le yu jie shou。 you ci kan lai, li shi shang you guan kou jian xin feng er yin fa de dong luan, dou shi chu li bu dang zao cheng de。

74!”、 wang wei

【 yuan wen】

hong zhi shi, you xi jin yong zhe shang zhang, wei shan xi zi bi shan chan you shi dan, ke yi yi shou。 qian zhong guan jing nian cai qu, bu huo, min xian gao bing。 an cha shi wang wei[ xiang fu ren], ling cai xiao shi zi lei ci zhe yi sheng, yi shi zhong guan。 zhong guan nu, yue:“ ci tang sai er, qi wu zai zhu shu zhong, he yi wei wu?” gong yue:“ feng huang、 qi lin, jie gu shu suo zai, jin guo you hu?”

【 yi wen】

ming xiao zong hong zhi nian jian, you ren wei le xiang mou guan zhi shang zhang( guan yuan, bai xing shang cheng jun wang huo guan fu de wen shu) cheng, shan xi de zi bi shan yun zang shi dan( kuang wu ming, yi cheng dan fan), gu shu ji zai, fu yong shi dan ke yi yan nian yi shou, chao ting yu shi pai huan guan jian du jin xing cai shi, dan yi zhi zhao bu dao shi dan。 er chang nian de wa jue ye shi bai xing lao ku bu kan, yuan sheng si qi, fen fen xiang an cha shi wang wei su ku。 yu shi wang wei xia ling bai xing cai ji xing zhuang lei si shi dan de xiao shi zi yi sheng, cheng yi jiao yi huan guan。 huan guan jian le, da wei sheng qi shuo:“ zhe jian zhi shi fu yan tang sai, shi dan zai shu ji zhong zao you xiang xi de ji zai, zen hui zhao bu dao ne?”

wang wei shuo:“ feng huang、 qi lin zai gu shu shang ye you ji zai, dan shi xian zai you shui zhen zheng jian guo?”

742、 qin mi

【 yuan wen】

wu shi zhang yi wen yi pin shu, bai guan jie ji。 qin mi zi zi chi, du hou zhi。 yi wen yi gu kong ming yue:“ bi he ren ye?” yue:“ xue shi qin mi。” yi wen yi yin wen yue:“ jun xue hu?” mi yue:“ shu zhong wu chi tong zi jie xue, he bi wo?” yi wen yi nai wen yue:“ tian you tou hu?” yue:“ you zhi。” yue:“ zai he fang?” yue:“ zai xi fang。《 shi》 yun,‘ nai juan xi gu’。” yi wen yi you wen:“ tian you er hu?” yue:“ you。 tian chu gao er ting bei,《 shi》 yun,‘ he ming jiu gao, sheng wen yu tian。’” yue:“ tian you zu hu?” mi yue:“ you。《 shi》 yun:‘ tian bu jian nan’, fei zu he bu?” yue:“ tian you xing hu?” mi yue:“ you xing。” yue:“ he xing。” mi yue:“ xing liu。” yue:“ he yi zhi zhi?” mi yue:“ yi tian zi xing liu zhi zhi。” yi wen yi yue:“ ri sheng yu dong hu?” mi yue:“ sui sheng yu dong, shi mei yu xi。” shi ying da ru xiang, yi zuo jing fu。

[ ping]

qi ying ru xiang, neng zhan shang feng, gu te lu zhi。 ta zhi kou gei zhe, gai wu qu。

【 yi wen】

san guo shi wu guo pai qian zhang yi wen yi ( wu jun ren, zi hui shu) qian wang shu guo fang men, shu guo guan yuan dou lie dui huan ying, zhi you qin mi( zi zi chi) zai zhang yi wen yi dao da hou cai lai。 zhang yi wen yi wen kong ming( zhu ge liang) shuo:“ zhe ren shi shui?”

kong ming da:“ shu guo de xue shi qin mi。”

zhang yi wen yi bian dui qin mi shuo:“ ni du guo shu ma?”

qin mi shuo:“ zai shu guo lian wu chi de hai tong dou nian guo shu, he kuang shi wo。”

zhang yi wen yi jie zhe shuo:“ tian you tou ma?”

qin mi shuo:“ you。”

zhang yi wen yi shuo:“ tian de tou zai na ge fang xiang。”

qin mi shuo:“ zai xi fang。《 shi jing》 shang shuo:‘ tian chao xi fang juan gu’。”

zhang yi wen yi shuo:“ tian you er duo ma?”

qin mi shuo:“ you。 tian sui gao, dan ji shi zai di shen de di di, suo fa chu de sheng yin tian ye ting de jian。《 shi jing》 shang shuo,‘ shui ze shen chu de he ming sheng chuan da dao tian shang。’”

zhang yi wen yi wen:“ tian you jiao ma?”

qin mi shuo:“ you。《 shi jing》 shuo,‘ tian bu jian nan’, ruo mei you jiao, zen me zou lu?”

zhang yi wen yi you wen:“ tian you xing shi ma?”

qin mi shuo:“ you。”

zhang yi wen yi wen:“ xing shen me?”

qin mi shuo:“ xing liu。”

zhang yi wen yi shuo:“ zen me zhi dao xing liu?”

qin mi shuo:“ yin wei tian zi xing liu, suo yi zhi dao tian xing liu。”

zhang yi wen yi shuo:“ tai yi? yi shi bu shi you dong fang sheng qi?”

qin mi shuo:“ tai yi? yi sui you dong fang sheng qi, que you xi fang luo xia。”

qin mi dui da ru liu, zai chang bai guan wu bu pei fu。

[ ping yi wen]

yin qin mi de dui da ru liu, ju ju zhan jin shang feng, suo yi te bie yu yi xuan lu。 qi ta jin zhi shan yu qiao bian de, jiu bu duo xuan lu le。

er shi  yan qian yi shen

【 yuan wen】

wei kou you shu, zhi ze shan zhuan。 meng bu yun hu: yan jin zhi yuan。 zu yi jing shen, chu zhi mi wei。 bu fan cun tie, tan xiao jie wei。 ji“ shan yan”。

【 yi wen】

zui ba zhong you zhuan zhou, yao kao zhi hui zhuan dong。 qian jin de ci ju, wang wang you shen yuan de han yi。 yong xin yun yong, zhu yi bian hua, jiu neng zai tan xiao jian hua jie wei ji。

743、 kong zi

【 yuan wen】

chen hou qi ling yi? yi zhi tai, wei zhong, er zuo fa si zhe shu ren。 you zhi san jian li, qun chen mo gan jian zhe。 kong zi shi chen, jian chen hou, yu deng tai er guan zhi, kong zi qian he yue:“ mei zai, tai hu! xian zai, zhu ye! zi gu sheng ren zhi wei tai, yan you bu lu yi ren er neng zhi gong ruo ci zhe?” chen hou mo ran, shi ren she suo zhi li。

【 yi wen】

chun qiu shi chen hui gong zheng tiao fan ren xing jian ling yi? yi tai, hai mei you wan gong, jiu sha le hao ji ge ren。 yi tian, chen hui gong you xia ling shou ya san ming jian li( jian guan ren fan de guan li), da chen men dou bu gan jin jian quan zu。

zheng qiao kong zi lai dao chen guo, he chen hui gong yi qi deng tai tiao wang。 kong zi yi bian tiao wang yi bian xiang chen hui gong zhu he, shuo:“ ling yi? yi tai zhen shi xiong wei zhuang li a! da wang guo zhen shi wei xian jun。 zi gu yi lai, ji shi sheng ren xiu jian lou tai, ye cong mei you bu sha yi ren jiu neng jian cheng de xian li。”

chen hui gong ting le xiu kui de ya kou wu yan, yu shi ming ren shi fang na san ming jian li。

744、 shuo qin wang

【 yuan wen】

qin wang yu zhong qi zheng lun bu sheng, qin wang da nu, zhong qi xu xing er qu。 huo wei zhong qi shuo qin wang yue:“ han ren er, zhong qi shi yu ming jun gu ye。 xiang zhe yu jie、 zhou, bi sha zhi yi。” qin wang yin bu zui。

【 yi wen】

qin wang yu zhong qi( ji zhong qi, zhan guo qin bian shi) fa sheng zheng lun, qin wang bian bu guo zhong qi, fei chang sheng qi。 zhong qi que shen tai cong rong de li qu。

you ren pa zhong qi yin ci de zui qin wang, gu yi zai qin wang mian qian shuo:“ zhong qi zhen shi man heng bu jiang li, xing hao ta you da wang zhe yang xian ming de jun wang, ru guo yu dao jie、 zhou, kong pa zao jiu kan tou le。”

qin wang ting le, jiu da xiao ze fa zhong qi de nian tou。

745、 yan zi

【 yuan wen】

qi you de zui yu jing gong zhe, gong da nu, fu zhi dian xia, zhao zuo you zhi jie zhi:“ gan jian zhe zhu。” yan zi zuo shou chi tou, you shou mo dao, yang er wen yue:“ gu zhe ming wang sheng zhu zhi jie ren, bu zhi cong he chu shi?” gong li xi yue:“ zong zhi, zui zai gua ren。”

shi jing gong fan yu xing, you yu yong zhe。[ yong, yue zhe suo yong。] gong wen yan zi yue:“ zi zhi ju jin shi, zhi shu gui jian?” dui yue:“ yong gui lv jian。” gong wu, wei zhi sheng xing。

[ shu ping]

yan zi zhi jian, duo feng er shao zhi, dai hua ji zhi zu ye。 qi ta shi jing、 shi wu、 shi chu shi, yi jie yi you xi sheng zhi。 jiao ta ren jiang dao li zhe, fang er nan ru。

yan zi jiang shi jing, jing wang yu zuo you mou, yu yi ru zhi。 wang yu yan zi li yu, you fu yi ren guo wang er xing, wang yue:“ he wei zhe?” dui yue:“ qi ren ye。” wang yue:“ he zuo?” dui yue:“ zuo dao。” wang yue:“ qi ren gu dao hu?” yan zi yue:“ yi jiang yi nan you ju, qu er shu zhi yi jiang yi bei, nai wei zhi。 suo yi ran zhe, qi di shi ran。 jin qi ren ju qi bu dao, lai zhi jing er dao, jing di gu ruo shi hu?” wang yue:“ sheng ren fei suo yu xi ye, zhi qu ru yan。”

yan zi shi wu, wang wei xing ren yue:“ wu wen ying ye, bian yu ci, xian yu li。” ming bin zhe:“ ke jian ze cheng tian zi。” ming ri, yan zi you shi, xing ren yue:“ tian zi qing jian。” yan zi kai ran zhe san, yue:“ chen shou ming bi yi zhi jun, jiang shi yu wu wang zhi suo, bu ning er mi huo, ru yu tian zi zhi chao, gan wen wu wang wu hu cun?” ran hou wu wang yue:“ fu cha qing jian。” jian yi zhu hou zhi li。

yan zi shi chu, yan zi duan, chu ren wei xiao men yu da men zhi ce er yan yan zi。 yan zi bu ru, yue:“ shi gou guo zhe, cong gou men ru; chen shi chu, bu dang cong ci men。” bin zhe geng cong da men ru。 jian chu wang, wang yue:“ qi wu ren ye?” yan zi dui yue:“ qi zhi lin zi san bai lv, zhang mei cheng wei, hui han cheng yu, he wei wu ren?” wang yue:“ ran ze he wei shi zi?” yan zi dui yue:“ qi ming shi, ge you suo zhu。 qi xian zhe shi xian zhu, bu xiao zhe shi bu xiao zhu, ying zui bu xiao, gu shi chu er。”

【 yi wen】

you ren de zui qi jing gong, jing gong fei chang sheng qi, ming ren ba ta bang zai da dian, zhun bei chu yi fen yi shi yi de ji xing, bing qie shuo ru guo you ren dan gan quan zu, yi lv ge sha wu lun。 yan zi( ji yan ying) zuo shou zhua zhe ren fan de tou, you shou na zhe dao, tai tou wen jing gong:“ gu shi sheng wang ming jun zhi jie ren fan shi, bu zhi xian cong ren fan de na ge bu wei xia dao?” jing gong li ke zhan qi shen shuo:“ fang le ta ba, zhe shi gua ren de cuo。”

jing gong shi, xing lv tiao wen fan duo。 you yi tian jing gong chu you jian you mai yong( bei kan qu yi jiao de zui fan suo chuan de xie) de。 jing gong jiu wen yan zi:“ xian qing zhu de di fang kao jin shi ji, ke zhi dao yong gui hai shi pu tong xie zi gui?” yan zi da:“ yong gui。”

jing gong tu ran you suo ling wu, yu shi xia ling fei chu yue xing( kan qu zui fan yi jiao de xing fa)。

[ shu ping yi wen]

yan zi quan jian jun wang duo ban yi feng yu dai ti zhi yan, ta ke suan shi hua ji( zhan guo jiu liu shi jia zhi yi) yi pai de kai shan zu shi le。 ri hou yan zi ye zeng chu shi chu, wu ji chu deng guo, dou zai tan xiao jian zhan shang feng, shi jian de shi wang wang jiu shi zhe yang, you shi zheng zheng jing jing de he dui fang jiang dao li, fan er hen nan rang dui fang jie shou。

you yi ci yan zi chu shi chu guo, chu wang yu da chen men xiang jie ji xiu ru yan zi。 yi tian, chu wang yu yan zi zheng zhan zhe xian liao, kan jian cha guan ya zhe yi ge fan ren cong mian qian jing guo, chu wang wen shou xia:“ na shi shen me ren ya?” shou xia da:“ na shi qi guo ren。” chu wang shuo:“ ta fan le shen me zui?” shou xia shuo:“ qie dao zui。” chu wang yu shi dui yan zi shuo:“ nan dao qi guo ren dou xi huan tou bie ren dong xi ma?” yan zi shuo:“ you ren zai yi jiang yi nan zhong le yi ke ju shu, ke shi ba ta yi zhi dao yi jiang yi bei jiu bian cheng le zhi shu, suo yi hui zhe yang, shi yin wei huan jing de ying xiang。 qi ren zai qi guo bu tou dong xi, lai dao chu guo que bian cheng xiao tou, nan dao chu guo shi xiao tou zhi guo ma?” chu wang shuo:“ ai, xi nong sheng ren, zhi hui zi qu qi ru。”

yan zi chu shi wu guo shi, wu wang dui shou xia shuo:“ gua ren ting shuo yan ying shan yu yan ci, shu xi li zhi, deng yan ying jin jian gua ren shi, ming jie dai ren yuan yi tian zi zun cheng gua ren。” di er tian yan zi jin gong jian wu wang, ming ren tong bao, tong bao ren shuo:“ tian zi you ling, ming yan ying jin jian。” yan zi chang tan san sheng, shuo:“ wo shou qi wang zhi ming chu shi wu guo, bu zhi zen me gao de zen hui lai dao zhou tian zi de gong ting, qing wen dao di zhe ge shi jie shang you mei you wu wang ne?” wu wang li ke shuo:“ fu cha you qing。” yu shi yi he yu zhu hou shen fen de li yi jie dai yan zi。

yan zi chu shi chu guo。 ta shen cai ai xiao, chu ren zhuan men zai da men pang kai le yi ge xiao men yao yan zi xiao men jin qu。 yan zi shuo:“ ru guo chu shi gou guo dang ran zou gou dong, jin tian chu shi chu guo, bu gai zou gou dong。” yu shi gong ren zhi hao kai da men qing yan zi jin ru。 chu wang jian le yan zi hou shuo:“ qi guo nan dao mei you ren le ma?” yan zi hui da shuo:“ qi guo jin shi dou cheng lin zi jiu you san bai lv( mei lv shi er shi wu jia)。 lian jie yi xiu ke yi da cheng yi zuo da ying zhang, di xia de han zhu jiu xiang xia yu yi yang, zen hui mei you ren ne?” chu wang shuo:“ na me wei shen me hui pai ni wei chong dang shi chen ne?” yan zi da:“ qi wang ren ming shi chen you yi ge yuan ze, fan shi ta guo you xian ming de jun wang, jiu pai neng gan de da chen qian wang, dui fang jun wang nuo ruo hun yong, jiu pai yu mei wu neng de chen zi wei shi zhe, wo yan ying shi qi guo da chen zhong zui wu yong de, suo yi pai lai chu guo le。”

746、 yan zi  jing xin mo

【 yuan wen】

jing gong you ma, qi yu ren sha zhi。 gong nu, yuan ge jiang zi ji zhi。 yan zi yue:“ ci bu zhi qi zui er si, chen qing wei jun shu zhi。” gong yue:“ nuo。” yan zi ju ge lin zhi yue:“ ru wei wo jun yang ma er sha zhi, er zui dang si; ru shi wu jun yi ma zhi gu sha yu ren, er zui you dang si; ru shi wu jun yi ma gu sha yu ren, wen yu si lin zhu hou, er zui you dang si。” gong yue:“ fu zi shi zhi, wu shang wu ren ye。”

hou tang zhuang zong lie yu zhong mou, jian rou min tian, zhong mou ling dang ma er jian。 zhuang zong da nu, ming chi qu zhan zhi。 ling ren jing xin mo lv zhu ling zou zhui qi ling, qin zhi ma qian, shu zhi yue:“ ru wei xian ling, du bu wen tian zi hao tian lie hu? nai he zong min jia se, yi gong sui fu, he bu ji e ru min, kong ci tian di, yi dai tian zi chi zhu? ru zui dang si, ji qing xing xing!” zhu ling fu chang he, yu shi zhuang zong da xiao, she zhi。

【 yi wen】

you yu ren( guan ming, zhang yang ma zhi shi0 sha le jing gong xin ai de ma, jing gong fei chang sheng qi, na qi ge xiang qin shou sha le yu ren。 yan zi shuo:“ wang ru guo xian zai jiu sha ta, hui jiao ta si de bu ming bu bai, qing wang zhun xu wo lie ju ta de zui zhuang, hao rang ta si de ming mu。”

jing gong da ying, yu shi yan zi ju qi ge zhi zhe yu ren shuo:“ ni shen wei jun wang de yang ma guan, bu hao hao yang ma que si zi jiang ma pi sha le, zui gai si; ni shi jun wang wei le yi pi ma er sha yang ma guan, qi zui you gai si; ni shi jun wang yin wei si le ma, er nu sha yang ma guan de shi chuan dao qi ta zhu hou er zhong, rang tian xia zhu hou chi xiao jun wang, qi zui geng gai si。”

jing gong li ji shuo:“ xian qing fang le ta ba, bu yao shi gu wang meng shang bu ren de zui ming。”

hou tang zhuang zong zai zhong mou( di ming, chun qiu jin di) shou lie, jiang fu jin bai xing de tian di jian ta de mian mu quan fei。 zhong mou xian xian ling dang zai zhuang zong ma qian chen qing jian zu, zhuang zong fei chang sheng qi, ming zuo you jiang xian ling dai zou chu zhan。 you ge jiao jing xin mo de ling ren( le gong, ji xian jin yi yan xi wei ye zhe) li ke dai zhe qi ta ling ren zhui gan bei ya zou de xian ling, ran hou ba ta dai dao zhuang gong ma qian shuo:“ ni shen wei xian ling, nan dao mei you ting shuo tian zi xi huan shou lie ma? wei shen me yao zong rong bai xing xin qin geng zhong, an shi jiao na mei nian de fu shui? wei shen me bu rang bai xing ren ji shou e, huang wu tian di, hao rang tian zi jin qing zhui zhu ye shou ne? ni zhen shi zui gai wan si, qing huang shang li ke xia ling xing xing。”

qi ta ling ren ye zai pang bian chang he, yu shi zhuang zong da xiao zhe xia ling she mian xian ling。

747、 zheng she

【 yuan wen】

liu xuan zuo zhen bian, chang yi chan nu, yu sha jun jiang zhai xing gong, wu gan bian zhe。 chu shi zheng she neng xie yin, jian xuan zuo yue:“ wen zhai xing gong xing, yuan fu yi shi yi yi guan。” xuan zuo guai zhi, dui yue:“ chang wen wang si ren mian you yi, yi sheng wei shi, gu jie kan er。” xuan zuo wu, nai mian。

【 yi wen】

tang chao ren liu xuan zuo( ben ming qia, ci ming xuan zuo, shi zhuang wu) zhen shou bian zhou shi, ting xin chan yan xiang sha jiang jun zhai xing gong, zuo you wu ren gan shang qian quan jian。 chu shi( mei you ren guan zhi de du shu ren) zheng she wei ren hui xie, shan yong yin yu, jian le liu xuan zuo, dui ta shuo:“ ting shuo zhai xing gong de zui le da ren, da ren jie ji yao sha ta di zui, xi wang da ren neng da ying wo yi ge xiao xiao de qing qiu: zhai xing gong xing xing hou, neng rang zai xia kan kan ta de yi shi yi ti。”

liu xuan zuo jiao de qi guai, zheng she shuo:“ wo zeng ting ren shuo shou yuan er si de ren, lian shang biao qing he pu tong si ren bu tong, wo ping sheng cong wei jian guo, suo yi xiang jian shi jian shi。”

liu xuan zuo li ji ming bai zheng she hua zhong de yi si, yu shi she mian le zhai xing gong。

748、 li zhong chen

【 yuan wen】

xin jing gao yi si zhang sha bu qu, you si zou, jing gao zui dang si, shang jiang cong zhi。 li zhong chen yue:“ jing gao dang si jiu yi!” shang wen qi gu, zhong chen yue:“ jing gao zhu fu xiong di ju zhan si, du jing gao zhi jin ri shang cun, gu chen yi wei jiu dang si。” shang ce ran, nai zuo qian jing gao。

【 yi wen】

tang chao ren xin jing gao( lv you zhan gong, zeng feng wei jin chang jun wang) dong yong si xing, yi gun bang da si jia yi nu yi, guan li shang zou chao ting, yi fa xin jing gao ying lun si zui, su zong ye tong yi an lv lun zui。 li zhong chen( ben xing dong ming qin, yin lv jian zhan gong, su zong ling ci xing ming) shuo:“ qi shi xin jing gao zao gai si le!” su zong wen wei shen me, li zhong chen shuo:“ xin jing gao de fu xiong dou shi zhan si sha chang wei guo juan qu, zhi you xin jing gao yi ge ren huo dao xian zai, suo yi chen cai ren wei ta zao jiu gai si le。” su zong ye wei xin jia de zhong zhen he qi can gan jiao nan guo, yu shi yi jiang zhi dai si zui。

749、 dong fang shuo

【 yuan wen】

wu di ru mu chang yu wai fan shi, di yu shen xian, ru mu qiu dong fang shuo。 shuo yue:“ ci fei chun she suo zheng, er bi wang ji zhe, jiang qu shi, dan dang lv gu di, shen wu yan。 ci huo ke wan yi ji er。” ru mu ji zhi, shuo yi shi ce, yin wei zhi yue:“ ru chi er。 di jin yi chang, qi fu lai ru ru bu huo ye?” di qi ran, ji chi mian zui。

【 yi wen】

han wu di de nai yi ma yi zai gong wai fan fa, wu di xiang an lv lun zui yi ming fa ji, nai yi ma yi xiang dong fang shuo qiu jiu。 dong fang shuo shuo:“ zhe jian shi bu shi yong yan ci jiu ke yi da dong huang shang de, ni ru guo zhen de xiang mian zui, zhi you zai ni xiang huang shang ci bie shi, pin pin hui tou kan huang shang, dan ji zhu qian wan bu yao kai kou qiu huang shang, huo xu neng jiao xing de shi huang shang hui xin zhuan yi。”

nai yi ma yi zai xiang wu di ci bie shi, dong fang shuo ye zai yi pang, jiu dui nai yi ma yi shuo:“ ni bu yao chi xin wang xiang le, xian zai huang shang yi chang da le, ni hai yi wei huang shang reng kao ni de nai shui yang huo ma?” wu di ting le, bu you xiang qi nai yi ma yi bu yu zhi en, gan dao hen bei shang, li ji xia ming she mian nai yi ma yi de zui。

750、 jian yong

【 yuan wen】

xian zhu shi tian han, jin si niang, li yu ren jia suo de niang ju, yu lun fa。 jian yong yu xian zhu you, jian nan nv xing dao, wei xian zhu yue:“ bi yu xing yi?H yi, he yi bu fu?” xian zhu yue:“ he yi zhi zhi?” dui yue:“ bi you qi ju。” xian zhu da xiao er zhi。

【 yi wen】

liu bei zeng xia ling jin zhi bai xing niang si jiu, fan shi zai bai xing jia zhong sou chu niang jiu de qi ju dou an lv wen zui。

yi tian jian yong( yi zuo geng yong, zi xian he) yu liu bei yi tong chu you, jian lu shang you yi dui nan nv, jian yong dui liu bei shuo:“ ta men zheng xiang gou he, wei shen me bu ming ren ba ta men zhua qi lai?” liu bei shuo:“ ni zen me zhi dao ta men zheng xiang zhe shi na?” jian yong shuo:“ yin wei ta men shen shang dou dai zhe gou he de qi yi guan。” liu bei ting le da xiao, yu shi xia ling fei chu ci yi xing fa。

75!”、 wei zheng

【 yuan wen】

wen de huang hou ji zang。 tai zong ji yuan zhong zuo ceng guan, yi wang zhao ling, yin wei zheng tong sheng。 zheng shu shi yue:“ chen? hun, bu neng jian。” di zhi shi zhi。 zheng yue:“ ci zhao ling ye?” di yue:“ ran。” zheng yue:“ chen yi wei bi xia wang xian ling。 ruo zhao ling, ze chen gu jian zhi yi。” di qi, wei zhi hui guan。

【 yi wen】

wen de huang hou( tang chao chang sun huang hou de shi hao) si hou zang zai zhao ling, tang tai zong fei chang si nian ta, yu shi ming ren zai yuan zhong da jian yi zuo lou tai, hao chang chang deng lou tiao wang。

yi tian tai zong yao wei zheng yi tong deng lou。 tai zong wen wei zheng:“ xian qing kan jian le ma?” wei zheng hui da shuo:“ chen nian ji da le, lao yan hun hua, kan bu qing chu。” tai zong zhi zhe zhao ling shuo:“ zhao ling zhe me jin dou kan bu jian。” wei zheng shuo:“ yuan lai huang shang shi shuo zhao ling, lao chen yi wei huang shang tiao wang xian ling( tang gao zu ling mu), ruo shi zhao ling, na lao chen zao kan jian le。” tai zong can kui bu yi, yu shi ming ren chai qu lou tai。

752、 wu jin

【 yuan wen】

shi heng jin gong[ duo men gong], shi yi chong yi 。 yi ri shang deng xiang feng lou, jian heng xin di ji wei li, gu wen gong shun hou wu jin、 fu ning bo zhu yong yue:“ ci he ren ju?” yong xie bu zhi, jin yue:“ ci bi wang fu。” shang xiao yue:“ fei ye。” jin dun shou yue:“ fei wang fu, shui gan jian wang ru ci?” shang bu ying, shi yi heng。

【 yi wen】

ming chao wu jiang shi heng( ying zong shi lv jian zhan gong, feng wu qing hou) zi shi zhan gong biao bing, shen shou ying zong jiao yi chong yi , sheng huo hao she。 yi ri ying zong xie tong gong shun hou wu jin( da shun chu nian cao qin mou fan, yu cao qin li zhan er si, zeng liang guo gong)、 fu ning bo zhu yong( zi jing chang, yin zhan gong feng hou) deng xiang feng lou tiao wang feng jing。

ying zong jian shi heng xin jian de fu di hua li zhuang wei, jiu hui tou wen liang ren shuo:“ xian qing ke zhi na shi shui de zhai di?”

zhu yong shuo:“ chen bu zhi。”

wu jin shuo:“ zhe yi ding shi wang fu。 ru guo bu shi wang fu, shi shui ru ci dan da, gan yi wang zhe zi ju?”

ying zong sui mei shuo shen me, dan xin zhong yi kai shi huai yi shi heng de zhong cheng le。

753、 yang sheng

【 yuan wen】

yang di xing yu lin, chang sun sheng cong。 sheng yi ya zhong cao hui, yu ling tu jue ke han ran gan qin zi shan ai, yi ming wei zhong, nai gu zhi zhang qian cao wei yue:“ ci gen da xiang。” ran gan ju xiu zhi, yue:“ shu bu xiang ye。” sheng yue:“ tian zi xing xing, suo zai zhu hou gong qin sa sao, yun chu yu lu, yi biao zhi jing。 jin ya zhong wu hui, wei shi liu xiang cao er。” ran gan nai wu, yue:“ shi yi nu yi zui guo。” sui ba suo pei dao, qin zi shan cao, zhu bu gui ren zheng xiao zhi, zi yu lin dong da ji, chang san qian li, guang bai bu, jie kai yu dao。

【 yi wen】

sui yang di dai zhe chang sun yang sheng lai dao yu lin。 yang sheng jian ying zhang wai za cao cong sheng, xiang yao qian lai ying jia de tu jue shou ling ran gan qin zi ge cao、 zheng li dao lu ying di, yi xuan yang tian zi sheng wei, yu shi yang sheng gu yi zhi zhe zhang qian de ye cao dui tu jue shou ling shuo:“ zhe cao hen xiang, ni wen wen kan。” tu jue shou ling guo zhen di tou wen cao, qi guai shuo:“ mei you shen me ni shuo de xiang wei a!” yang sheng shuo:“ gu shi tian zi suo lin xing de di fang, zhou wei dao lu, zhu hou dou qin zi sa sao biao shi zun jing, xian zai zhang qian za cao cong sheng wei jia qing li, yi ding shi yin cao xiang suo yi cai mei bei ge chu。” ran gan ming bai yang sheng de yu yi, shuo dao:“ yi nu yi cai zui guo。” shuo wan ba chu pei dao qin zi ge cao, ran gan de bu xia ye zheng xiang zhu ge, yu shi zi yu lin zhi ji, kai pi le yi tiao kuan bai bu chang san qian li de yu dao。

754、 jia xu

【 yuan wen】

jia xu shi cao。 shi lin zi hou zhi cai ming fang sheng, cao chang yu fei pi li zhi。 yi ri ping zuo you wen xu, xu mo bu dui, cao yue:“ yu qing yan, bu da, he ye?” dui yue:“ shu you suo si。” cao yue:“ he si?” xu yue:“ si yuan ben chu、 liu jing sheng fu zi。” cao da xiao, pi wei sui ding。

[ ping yi]

wei?“ ci zuo ke xi” yi yu, bu xia yu xu, jin wu wu er bu cong, yi zhi yu bai。

【 yi wen】

san guo shi jia xu( wei ren, yin shuo fu zhang xiu tou xiao cao cao, feng dou ting hou) wei cao cao shu chen, zhe shi lin zi hou cao zhi cai ming ji sheng, cao cao you yi fei tai zi cao pi er gai li cao zhi。

yi tian, cao cao ming zuo you tui xia, yu jia xu shang yi gai li tai zi de shi, jia xu jiu bu chu sheng, cao cao shuo:“ wo gen xian qing shuo hua, xian qing zen me bu zuo sheng ne?”

jia xu shuo:“ chen zheng zai xiang yi jian shi。”

cao cao you wen:“ xian qing xiang shen me ne?”

jia xu shuo:“ wo zai xiang yuan ben chu( ji yuan shao) he liu jing sheng( liu biao) liang jia fu zi de shi。”

cao cao ting le ha ha da xiao, cong ci cao pi tai zi de di wei nai gao que li。

[ feng ping yi wen]

jin chao shi wei? ye you tong yang de gu shi, er qie wei? de ji zhi yu han xu bu xia yu jia xu, ke xi jin wu di ling wu hou que bu cai na, yi zhi zui hou shi bai。

755、 jie jin

【 yuan wen】

jie jin ying zhi ti“ hu gu cong biao tu”, yue:“ hu wei bai shou zun, shui gan chu qi nu。 wei you fu zi qing, yi bu yi hui gu。” wen huang jian shi you gan, ji ming xia yuan ji ying tai zi yu nan jing。

wen huang yu jie jin tong you。 wen huang deng qiao, wen jin:“ dang zuo he yu?” jin yue:“ ci wei‘ yi bu gao yi bu’。” ji xia qiao, you wen zhi, jin yue:“ ci wei‘ hou mian geng gao si qian mian’。”

【 yi wen】

ming chao shi jie jin( zi da shen, tai zu shi shang wan yan shu pi ping shi zheng er shou cheng zu zhong shi, feng yu shi, cheng zu beng hou yin de zui han wang zhu gao xu, xia zhao yu si) shou cheng zu zhao ming wei“ hu gu zhong biao tu” ti shi, shi ju shi:“ hu wei bai shou zun, shui gan chu qi nu。 wei you fu zi qing, yi bu yi hui tou。” cheng zu kan le shi ju, bu you bai gan yi jiao yi ji, li ji ming ren dao nan jing ying tai zi hui gong。

you yi ci cheng zu yu jie jin yi tong chu you, cheng zu zheng guo qiao, yi deng shang qiao jie, jiu wen jie jin zhe qing jing gai zen me xing rong。 jie jin shuo:“ zhe jiao yi bu gao guo yi bu。” deng dao xia qiao shi, cheng zu you wen tong yang de wen ti, jie jin shuo:“ zhe jiao hou mian geng gao si qian mian。”

756、 shi dan

【 yuan wen】

han yuan di bu xi tai zi。 shi zhong shan ai wang hong, tai zi qian diao。 ai wang zhe, di zhi shao di, yu tai zi tong xue, xiang chang da。 shang wang jian tai zi, gan nian ai wang, bei bu zi zhi, du tai zi bu ai, da hen yue:“ an you ren bu ci ren er ke feng zong miao、 wei min fu mu hu?” tai fu shi dan mian guan xie yue:“ chen cheng jian bi xia ai tong zhong shan wang, zhi yu gan sun。 xiang zhe tai zi dang jin jian, chen qie jie shu, wu ti qi gan shang bi xia, zui nai zai chen, dang si。” shang yi wei ran, yi nai jie。

[ shu ping]

ci yu shang guan jie“ yi bu zai ma” zhi dui tong, er zhong ning zi fen。

【 yi wen】

han yuan di( ming?], zai wei shi liu nian beng) bu xi huan tai zi。 zheng qiao yuan di you di zhong shan ai wang shi shi, tai zi qian wang diao ji。 ai wang he tai zi nian ling xiang cha bu da, shi yi qi du shu chang da de you ban。 yuan di kan jian tai zi bu you xiang qi ai wang, geng shi bei shang, ran er jian dao tai zi yi lian mu ran de biao qing, bu you sheng qi de shuo:“ tian xia ke you bu cun ren yi zhi xin, er neng gou ji cheng zu xian de shi ye、 wei bai xing fu mu de tian zi me?”

tai fu( guan ming, san gong zhi yi) shi dan( zi jun zhong, shi qing) li ke zhai xia sha mao qing zui shuo:“ chen jian bi xia ai tong ai wang, kong pa ying xiang bi xia long ti de kang jian, suo yi zai tai zi ji diao qian, te bie ding zhu tai zi, qian wan bu yao liu lei, yi mian zai jia shen bi xia de gan shang, lao chen shi zai zui gai wan si。”

yuan di ting le shi dan de jie shi, jiu bu zai ze guai tai zi。

[ shu ping yi wen]

zhe he shang guan jie“ yi bu zai ma” de hui da tong yi, dan yi zhong yi jian, zi you fen bie。”

yi bu zai ma de dian gu shi: you yi ci han wu di sheng bing, bing yu hou fa xian ma dou bian shou le, bian ze wen zhang ma li shang guan jie, shang guan jie ku zhe shuo:“ chen zhi huang shang long ti qian an, ri ye you lv, yi cheng bu zai ma。” wu di ting hou da le, po ge sheng ta wei tai pu。

757、 gu na lv

【 yuan wen】

gao zong chu lie yu yu, wen gu na lv yue:“ you yi ruo wei bu lou。” dui yue:“ yi wa wei zhi ze bu lou。” shang yin ci bu fu chu lie。

【 yi wen】

tang gao zong shou lie shi tu ran yu dao yi zhen da yu, jiu dui gu na lv( bo lan qun shu, guan zhi jian yi da fu jian hong wen guan xue shi) shuo:“ ru guo chuan le you bu yi fu jiu bu hui bei yu lin shi le。” gu na lv shuo:“ ru guo yi wa wei yi, geng bu hui bei yu lin shi。” gao zong ting le, cong ci bu zai chu lie。

758、 pei du

【 yuan wen】

pei du wei xiang shi, xian zong jiang xing dong dou, da chen qie jian, bu na。 du cong rong yan:“ guo jia jian bie dou, ben bei xun xing, dan zi jian nan yi lai, gong que shu tun, bai mu zhi qu, huang pi fu zhi, bi jia sui yue wan xin, ran hou ke xing。 cang zu wu bei, you si qie de zui。” di yue yue:“ qun chen jian zhen bu ji ci, ru qing yan, cheng you wei bian, an yong wang ye。” yin zhi bu xing。

【 yi wen】

tang chao ren pei du( zi zhong xin, zhang zheng da san shi nian, wei zhen si yi) wei zai xiang shi, xian zong you yi qian wang dong dou, da chen men sui ji li quan zu, dan dou wu fa gai bian xian zong de xin yi。 pei du bu huang bu mang de shuo:“ guo jia chu le shou dou wai, ling wai zai jian dong dou, ben lai jiu shi wei huang shang chu you shi suo zhun bei de xing gong。 dan zhan luan gang jie shu, gong que guan shu man mu chuang yi, huang fei dai xiu, zhe bi xu yao hua shang hao ji ge yue de shi jian cai neng zheng jian wan cheng, na shi huang shang zai qu ye bu chi。 ru guo xian zai huang shang zhi yi cheng xing, zhi pa fu ze wei hu dong dou de guan shu, hui yin ying jia bu zhou er huo zui。”

xian zong shuo:“ hai shi pei xiang shuo de hao。 guo ru pei xiang suo shuo, zhen you he bi fei qu dong dou bu ke ne。” yu shi da xiao qu dong dou de nian tou。

759、 li gang

【 yuan wen】

li gang yu yong zhang suo。 ran suo chang lun zai xiang huang qian shan, gang po nan zhi。 yi ri yu qian shan, kuan yu yue:“ jin dang jian nan zhi qiu, fu tian xia zhong ze, er si fang shi da fu, hao zhao wei you lai zhe。 qian yi zhi he bei xuan fu si, du yi zhang suo ke yong。 you yi kuang wang you yan de zui, ru suo zhi zui, shu wei bu yi? di jin ri shi po, bu de bu shi yong zhi, ru yong yi wei tai jian, chu yao di, ze bu ke; shi zhi jie guan wei zhao fu, mao si li gong yi shu guo, si wu xian。” qian shan xin ran xu zhi。

【 yi wen】

song chao shi li gang( zi bo ji, zu shi zhong ding) xiang tui jian zhang suo( gao zong shi zeng shang shu chi huang qian shan, zhe zhi yi jiang yi zhou) wei he bei xuan fu si shi, dan zhang suo zeng fei yi guo huang qian shan, yin ci po gan wei nan。

yi ri, li gang qiao yu huang qian shan, yu shi qiao qiao shuo:“ xian zai guo jia chu jing jian nan, shen wei chao ting ming chen, fu you wei xi tian xia an wei de zhong ze, dan shi zhao fu bian min de gong zuo yi zhi tui zhan de bu shun li, qian ci chao ting ti yi she zhi he bei xuan fu si, wo xiang lai xiang qu, zhi you yi ge zhang suo ke yi yong, dan zhang suo zeng mao fan xiang guo, yi ta suo fan de zui, dang ran bu neng zai wei ren ta guan zhi, dan po yu jin tian guo jia qing shi, bu de bu yong ta yi shi。 dang ran, ru guo ming ta zai jing shi dan ren yao zhi shi wan wan bu ke, bu ru ren ming ta wei zhao fu shi, rang ta mao si li gong, jiang gong shu zui, xiang guo yi wei ru he?”

huang qian shan xin ran tong yi。

760、 su zhe

【 yuan wen】

《 yuan cheng xian sheng yu lu》 yun:“ dong po xia yu shi yu, zhang an dao zhi shi zai nan jing, shang shu jiu zhi, yu fu nan jing di jin, fu guan bu gan shou, nai ling qi zi shu zhi deng wen gu yuan tou jin。 shu pai huai bu gan tou。 jiu zhi, dong po chu yu。 qi hou dong po jian qi fu ben, yin tu she se dong。 ren wen qi gu, dong po bu da。 hou zi you jian zhi, yue:“ yi zhao xiong zhi tu she ye, ci shi zheng de zhang shu li!” pu yue:“ he wei ye?” zi you yue:“ du bu jian zheng chang zhi jiu gai kuan rao hu? shu yun:‘ shang wu xu、 shi zhi shu, xia wu jin、 zhang zhi tuo’, ci yu zheng shi ji yi di zhi nu er! qie kuan rao he zui? zheng yi fan xu、 shi zui de huo, jin zai jie zhi, shi yi qi nu ye。 jin dong po yi wu zui, du yi ming tai gao, yu chao ting zheng sheng er。 an dao zhi shu nai yun‘ shi tian xia zhi qi cai’, du bu ji ren zhu zhi nu hu?” pu yue:“ ran ze er shi jiu dong po zhe, yi wei he shuo?” zi you yue:“ dan yan ben chao wei chang sha shi da fu, jin nai shi bi xia kai duan, hou shi zi sun bi yuan bi xia yi wei li, shen zong hao ming er wei yi, yi ke yi zhi zhi。”

[ zhu]

ci tiao zheng kan yu li gang jian zhang suo yu huang qian shan yu can kan。

【 yi wen】

《 yuan cheng xian sheng yu lu》 shuo:

dong po( su shi4) bei yu shi dan he xia yu hou, ci guan jia ju nan jing de zhang an dao xiang shang shu wei dong po qiu qing, ben xiang jiu jin zai nan jing cheng di zou ben, ke shi guan fu bu gan shou li, yu shi zhang an dao jiu ming er zi zhang shu dao deng gu yuan( xuan gu yu gong tang wai, fan bai xing you jian yan huo yuan qing, ke ji gu chen qing) di zou ben。 dan zhang shu zai deng gu yuan men kou pai huai xu jiu hou, reng bu gan tou di。 guo le yi duan ri zi, dong po chu yu, dang ta jian dao dang nian zhang an dao wei ta qiu qing de zou zhang fu ben shi, bu jin tu zhe she tou, wei zi ji nie le ba leng han, dan mei you shuo ming yuan yin。

zhi dao zi you( su zhe) ye kan le fu ben cai shuo:“ nan guai ge ge yao tu she tou le。 ta neng ping an chu yu, shi zai yao gan xie zhang shu de dan zi xiao。”

zi you de pu ren wen ta yuan yin, zi you shuo:“ ni nan dao mei ting shuo zheng chang wei ying jiu gai kuan rao( zi ci gong, wei ren gang zheng, dan xi feng ci, zhong huo zui) de shi ma? zheng chang zai shang shu han xuan di de zou ben shang shuo:‘ gai kuan rao zai chao mei you xu xing、 shi xing( xu zhi xu bo, xuan di huang hou zhi fu; shi zhi shi gao, xuan di wai qi) de huang qi, zai ye mei you jin、 zhang( jin zhi jin ri?、 zhang zhi zhang an shi, er ren yin jie yi jiao yi xu、 shi er zi shi jiao yi chong yi ) deng you li quan gui。’ zhe zheng shi ji nu xuan di de yuan yin, gai kuan rao you shen me zui? ta de zui jiu shi mao fan xu、 shi deng ren, zheng chang zai ji feng xu、 shi deng ren shi gui er jiao, bu shi geng huo shang jia you ma? jin tian dong po huo zui xia yu jiu shi yin wei ming qi tai da, shen zhi sheng guo shen zong huang di, er zhang an dao que shuo:‘ dong po shi zai shi tian xia qi cai!’ zen bu zai ji nu huang shang ne?”

pu ren shuo:“ na me dang shi ru guo yao jiu dong po xian sheng gai zen me shuo ne?”

zi you shuo:“ zhi neng shuo da song li chao yi lai, cong mei you wang sha shi da fu, jin tian bi xia yao sha dong po shi kai e li, ri hou zi sun wan dai bi yuan ci li, shen zong hao mei ming, yi ding pa hou ren yi lun, huo xu jiu hui gai bian xin yi。”

[ zhu yi]

zi you de zhe duan gu shi ke yu qian pian li gang shuo fu huang qian shan ren yong zhang suo de shuo ci xiang hu dui zhao qi lai kan。

76!”、 shi ren wang

【 yuan wen】

nan tang zhou ye wei zuo ya shi, xin zhou ci shi ben zhi zi ye, yu jin shuai liu su you xi。[ liu ji chang gong zhu xu。] sheng yuan zhong, jin ling gao zai, ye fang qian yin ren jia, zui bu neng qi, you wen yu zhu zhe, zhu gu qin xin shi ren wang yue:“ lv wei shi shi ren yi zai suo, jian qi chi jiu ze shi, bu ran, jiu lu yu chuang !” ren wang ji wang, ji shi zhao ye jia yu zhi。 ye da bu, yi nv zi fu, ben jian ren wang。 ren wang liu zhi, ji huo xi, fu ming, zhi bian dian men, hui liu xian zhi, yi jiang bai zai shi。 ren wang chuai liu yi bu neng bi ye, you ju yu xie zui, ji chu cang zu, ju pai liu, yue ci jian zhu, yue:“ bu wei zai, ye cheng ru sheng zhi。” zhu yue:“ lu zhi hu?” ren wang yue:“ ye fu ben fang lin di jing, chen wei gan ji shi feng zhao。” zhu fu ji da yue yue:“ ji wu wo shi!” ren wang zi ci da huo jiang yong, ye nai quan shu。

【 yi wen】

nan tang zhou ye guan zuo wei shi( jin jun chang guan), shi xin zhou ci shi zhou ben( wu dai wu ren, shi gong lie) de er zi, yu jin jun yuan shuai liu su( chang gong zhu fu xu) you chou yuan。 sheng yuan nian jian, jin ling da huo, zhou ye na wan yin yin jiu guo liang, zai jia da zui bu qi。

huang di ting shuo zhou ye shu hu zhi shou, jiu dui qin xin shi ren wang shuo:“ lv shi ming wei shi qian wang huo zai xian chang, ru guo zhou ye zai xian chang zhi hui jiu huo jiu ba, ru guo ta zhen zui dao zai chuang , jiu dang chang sha le ta。” shi ren wang yi mian gan wang zai qu, yi mian li ji pai ren dao zhou ye jia, zhou ye yi ting da wei jing kong, gu bu de shen shang chuan de shi fu ren yi fu, jiu qu jian shi ren wang。 shi ren wang liu xia zhou ye, deng da huo pu mie hou, yao zhou ye yi tong dao pian dian。

zhe shi liu su yi jing dao le dian men, zheng yao xiang huang di bing bao zai qing。 shi ren wang xin xiang liu su yi ding hui gong bao si chou, dan you pa zi ji wei zhou ye shuo qing bu cheng, fan dao shou lian lei, qing ji zhong tu ran yi ba tui kai liu su, qiang zai liu su qian shuo:“ huo shi yi bei pu mie, zhou ye cheng ru huang di suo shuo。”

huang di shuo:“ ni sha le ta ma?”

shi ren wang da:“ dang shi zhou ye de fu qin zheng zhun bei ling bing gong di, chen bu gan zai ta lin xing qian zhi xing sheng zhi。”

huang di shou pai zhuo zi gao xing de shuo:“ zhen ji hu wu le da shi。”

ri hou, shi ren wang yin zhe jian shi da huo huang di shang shi yin er zhong yong, er zhou ye jiu zui dai hu zhi shou yi shi ye mei you zai zhui jiu。

762、 li sheng

【 yuan wen】

li huai guang mi yu zhu?? tong mou, shi ji po lu。 li sheng lei zou, kong qi you bian, wei suo bing, qing yi jun dong wei qiao, shang you ji huai guang ge xin, shou qi li yong, zou qin bu xia。 huai guang yu huan zhan qi, qie ji nu zhu jun, yan“ zhu jun liang ci bo, shen ce du hou, hou bo bu jun, nan yi jin zhan。” shang yi cai yong fang jiong, ruo liang ci jie bi shen ce, ze wu yi gei zhi; bu ran, you ni huai guang yi, kong zhu jun jue wang, nai qian lu zhi yi huai guang ying xuan wei, yin zhao li sheng can yi qi shi。 huai guang yu sheng zi qi jian sun, shi shi shi xin, ju bai qi gong, nai yue:“ jiang shi zhan dou tong, er liang ci yi, he yi shi zhi xie xin?” zhi wei you yan, shu gu sheng, sheng yue:“ gong wei yuan shuai, de zhuan hao ling, sheng jiang yi jun, shou zhi zong er yi, zhi yu zeng jian yi shi, gong dang cai zhi。” huai guang

hei ran。

【 yi wen】

tang chao shi li huai guang(?? ren, ben xing ru, hou ci xing li) an zhong gou jie zhu??( zeng wei de zong yu feng tian, li sheng shou fu jing shi, zhu?? wei bu jiang suo sha) xiang zao fan, dan shi wei li sheng( zi liang qi, zeng shou fu jing shi, jie de zong feng tian zhi wei, zu shi zhong wu) de zhi。 li sheng wei fang bian luan fa sheng, yi mian shang zou qing qiu zhun xu zeng jia dong wei qiao de bing li, yi mian ye xi wang li huai guang neng qi an tou ming, reng wei chao ting xiao li。 er li huai guang ye yin wu fa wan quan zhang wo jun xin, er you yi yan huan mou fan de ri qi, wei le shan dong jun shi qing xu, shang zou de zong shuo:“ jun shi suo ling jun xiang bu ji shen ce jun( tang jin jun ming), cha bie dui dai, kong pa hen nan an fu jun shi。” you yu chao ting guo ku kong xu, ru guo dou bi zhao shen ce jun de jun xiang shi zai zhi fu kun nan, dan ruo bu da ying jia xiang you pa li huai guang bu gao xing, bu zhong qing xu nan ping, yu shi de zong ming lu zhi tong li sheng dao ying di xuan wei li huai guang ji jun shi men。

li huai guang jian liang ren lai dao ying di, xiang yao li sheng xian kai kou yao qiu zi ji bu yao zeng jia jun xiang, hao ji nu jun shi, shi lu、 li er ren wu fa da cheng xuan wei jun shi de shi ming, yu shi shuo:“ wo de jun shi men he shen ce jun yi yang jin li bao xiao chao ting, dan suo ling de jun xiang que bu yi yang, zhe zhong zuo fa, zen neng rang ren xin fu er tong xin xie li、 bao xiao chao ting ne?”

lu zhi pin pin kan zhe li sheng bu shuo hua, li sheng shuo:“ li gong shi yuan shuai, shi fa hao ling shui gan bu ting; wo zhi shi yi ming bu jiang, zhi neng ting ming xing shi, zhi yu shi fou zeng jia jun xiang, qing li gong ding duo。” li huai guang ya kou wu yan。

763、 liang shi  sun mian

【 yuan wen】

qi dan qian shi yu zhong guo shu, suo cheng“ da song”、“ da qi dan”, si fei xiong di zhi guo, jin zhe yi yue“ nan chao”、”“ bei chao”。 shang zhao zhong shu, mi yuan gong yi, fu chen duo yan:“ bu cong jiang sheng xi。” liang zhuang su yue:“ ci yi qu er, dan da yan song gai ben chao shou ming zhi tu, qi dan yi bei chao guo hao, wu gu er zi qu, fei jia zhao。” qi nian he zheng shi lai, fu cheng“ da song” ru gu。

huang? mo, qi dan qing guan tai miao le ren, di yi wen zai xiang, dui yue:“ kong fei xiang si, bu ke yi xi yi ye。” shu mi fu shi sun gong mian yue:“ dang yi li zhe zhi, yun:‘ miao le zhi zuo, jie ben chao suo yi ge yong zu zong gong de ye。 ta guo ke yong ye, shi ren ru neng zhu wu ji, nai guan zhi。’” ren zong cong qi yan, shi zhe bu gan fu qing。

 

【 yi wen】

qi dan pai shi zhe dao zhong guo, tan dao liang guo wang lai de wen shu, yi“ da song”、“ da qi dan”, xiang hu cheng hu, kan qi lai bu xiang shi xiong di zhi guo, ying gai gai wei“ nan chao”、“ bei chao”。 huang di xia zhao shu yi jiao yi you shu mi yuan shen yi, da chen men dou ren wei ru guo bu da ying qi dan de jian yi, kong pa you hui gei yu qi dan sheng shi de jie kou。 liang shi shuo:“ zhe tai rong yi chu li le, zhi yao shuo‘ song’ shi ben chao dang chu cheng shou tian ming, huo de tian xia de jian guo zhi hao。‘ qi dan’ ye yi yang shi bei chao kai chuang yi lai de guo hao, sui bian geng gai guo hao bu shi hao de zheng zhao。” jie guo zhe nian qi dan pai shi zhe lai zhong guo gong he xin nian, reng ru yi wang yi yang cheng“ da song”。

song ren zong huang? mo nian, qi dan qing qiu guan shang tai miao le gong zou le。 ren zong xun wen zai xiang kan fa, zai xiang shuo:“ kong pa qi dan ren bu shi cheng xin xiang si, bu neng qing yi da ying。” sun mian( zi yuan gui, lun shi gang zhi) ze shuo:“ zhi yao dui qi dan ren shuo, an li fa, tai miao le qu shi ji si shi wei ge song zu zong gong de er yan zou de, bing bu shi yong ta guo; ru guo qi dan ren yuan yi dan ren tai miao ji si de zhu ji ren, da song fei chang huan ying。” ren zong zhao sun mian de hua da fu qi dan shi zhe, shi zhe bu gan zai ti ci shi。

764、 han yi

【 yuan wen】

yi feng shi qi dan, shi fu shi zhe wei zhang xian wai yin, wang chuan tai hou zhi yu qi dan, yu yi nan bei huan hao, chuan shi zi sun zhi yi。 yi chu bu zhi ye, qi dan zhu wen yi yue:“ huang tai hou ji you zhi, da shi he bu yan?” yi dui yue:“ ben chao mei qian shi, huang tai hou bi yi ci jie yue, fei yu da zhi bei chao ye。” qi dan zhu da xi yue:“ ci liang chao sheng ling zhi fu。” shi shi fu shi fang shi ci, er yi fan yong yi wei de, shi tui qi shan dui。

【 yi wen】

song chao shi han yi( zi zong wei, ren zong shi guan shang shu you cheng, yi tai zi shao fu ci guan) feng ming chu shi qi dan, fu shi zhe shi tai hou wai qi, da yi zhi xia dui qi dan zhu wu chuan le tai hou zhi yi:“ yuan yi yu qi dan jie wei qin jia, yi shi huan hao。”

qi dan zhu dui han yi shuo:“ huang tai hou ji you jie qin jia de zhi yi, da shi zen bu zao shuo ne?”

han yi zhe cai zhi dao, yuan lai shi fu shi zai qi dan zhu mian qian yi hu yi yan luan yu, dang chang hui da shuo:“ ben chao mei ci pai qian shi zhe qian lai qi dan, lin xing shi tai hou zong bu wang ti xing shi zhe, dui dai qi dan ren yao ru huang shi qin jia ban gong jing, bing fei tai hou you zhi yao yu qi dan zhu jie qin。”

qi dan zhu hen gao xing de shuo:“ ruo zhen neng jie qin, shi liang guo chao ye de fu qi。”

zhe shi fu shi cai zhi dao zi ji da yi shi yan, er han yi de ti de hui da, que shi de qi dan zhu shen gan en yi chong yi 。 dang shi de ren dou shuo han yi shan yu ying dui。

765、 feng jing

【 yuan wen】

wang ding guo su wei feng dang shi suo zhi, er jing gong jue bu le zhi。 yi ri, dang shi li jian yu shen zu, jing gong ji yue:“ ci ru zi er。” dang shi fen yue:“ wang gong wu zi sheng, an de wei zhi ru zi!”[ jian shen, e shen!] gai gong zhi sheng yu tong tian jie tong ri ye, jing gong e ran, bu jiao tui li。

【 yi wen】

song chao ren wang gong( zi ding guo, hao qing xu xian sheng) shi feng dang shi( ji feng jing, shi wen jian) de hao you, dan wang an shi bu xi huan ta。

yi tian, feng jing zai shen zong mian qian ji li tui jian wang gong, yi pang de wang an shi shuo:“ wang gong zhi shi ge ru chou wei gan de xiao zi ba le。” feng jing sheng qi de shuo:“ wang gong shi wu zi nian sheng, zen neng shuo shi ru chou wei gan de xiao zi ne?” yuan lai wang gong he shen zong shi tong nian sheng, wang an shi jing jiao zi ji shi yan, zhi you tui li yi pang。

766、 shao yong

【 yuan wen】

si ma gong yi ri jian kang jie yue:“ ming ri seng? xiu kai tang shuo fa。 fu gong、 lv hui shu yu xie wang ting zhi, hui shu tan fo, yi bu ke quan; fu gong guo wang, yu li wei bian。 mou hou jin, bu gan yan, xian sheng he zhi zhi?” kang jie wei wei。 ming ri kang jie wang jian fu gong, yue:“ wen shang yu yong pei jin gong li qi gong。” gong xiao yue:“ xian sheng wei mou shuai bing neng qi fou?” kang jie yue:“ gu ye, huo ren yan‘ shang ming gong, gong bu qi; seng kai tang, gong ji chu’, wu nai bu ke hu?” gong jing yue:“ mou wei zhi si ye!”[ shi fu gong qing gao。]

【 yi wen】

song chao shi, you yi tian si ma guang dui shao kang jie( ji shao yong) shuo:“ ming tian seng ren? xiu kai tang jiang fo fa。 fu gong( fu bi)、 lv hui shu dou hui qu ting jiang。 hui shu chen mi fo fa, shi quan bu dong ta de; dan ru guo fu gong zhen de qian qu ting jiang, zai qing li shang huo xu hui yin ren yi lun。 wo shi wan bei bu gan quan zu, xian sheng he bu quan zu fu gong ne?” shao kang jie dian tou da ying。

di er tian shao kang jie jian le fu bi, shuo:“ ting shuo huang shang jiang ren ming pei jin gong xin zhi, qing fu gong guan li。” fu bi xiao zhe shuo:“ wo you bing zai shen, zen neng qu guan li ne?” shao kang jie shuo:“ fu gong you bing dang ran bu neng qu, dan ru guo fu gong you yi ting? xiu jiang dao, zhi pa you ren hui yi lun fu gong wei kang huang ming, tuo bing bu qu guan li, que neng ting he shang jiang dao, zhe kong pa bu he li fa。” fu bi chi jing de shuo:“ zhe wo dao zhen de mei xiang dao[ dang shi fu bi yi xiang huang di gao jia]!”

767、 xie zhuang

【 yuan wen】

zhuang, zi xi yi, xiao wu chang ci zhuang bao jian, zhuang yi yu lu shuang。 hou shuang pan, di ou wen ji jian suo zai, da yue:“ xi yu lu shuang bie, qie jie wei bi xia du you zhi ci yi。”

【 yi wen】

nan chao song xiao wu di zeng ci xie zhuang( zi xi yi) yi ba bao jian, ke shi ta que zhuan song gei lu shuang le。 hou lai lu shuang mou fan, xiao wu di wen qi bao jian de xia luo, xie zhuang ji zhi de shuo:“ dang nian chen yu lu shuang li bie shi, jiu qiao qiao dai bi xia xing‘ du you zhi ci’ le。”

[ zhu shi yi wen]

du you zhi ci, shi zhan guo shi de dian gu。 qin guo da jiang bai qi, you yu gen zai xiang fan ju you zheng zhi, ba bing ju jue zuo zhan。 qin wang yi sheng qi, jiu ci jian yi bi yi ta zi yi sha。 yin wei zi yi sha de di dian zai du you, suo yi hou ren yi“ du you zhi ci” biao shi ci jian zi yi sha。

768、 pei kai  wang fen  wang jing wen  cui guang

【 yuan wen】

jin wu shi deng zuo, cai ce de yi, wang zhe shi shu, shi ci duo shao; di ji bu yue, jun chen shi se。 shi zhong pei kai jin yue:“ chen wen: tian de yi yi qing, di de yi yi ning, hou wang de yi yi wei tian xia zhen。” di yue, jun chen tan fu。

liang wu di wen wang shi zhong fen:“ zhen wei you ye, wei wu ye?” dui yue:“ bi xia ying wan wu wei you, ti zhi li wei wu。”

song wen di diao tian quan chi, chui lun bu huo, wang jing wen yue:“ liang you chui lun zhe qing, gu bu huo tan er。”

yuan wei gao zu ming zi xun、 yu、 yue、 yi, cui guang ming zi shao、 xu、 mian。 gao zu yue:“ wo er ming pang jie you xin, qing er ming pang jie you li。” dui yue:“ suo wei jun zi lao xin, xiao ren lao li。”

[ ping yi]

wang?m zhou yue:“ ren sui yi jie gong feng, ran yu bu fang ya zhi。 ruo huan xuan cuan wei, chu deng yu chuang er xian, yin zhong wen yue:“ jiang you sheng de shen hou, di bu neng zai。”

liang wu gong men zai, wei qun chen yue:“ wo yi fang yu geng xin。” he jing rong yue:“ ci suo wei xian tian er tian fu wei。”

you, wu di ji wei, you meng hu ru jian kang guo, xiang ru yi jiang yi ling, shang yi bu yue, yi wen qun chen, wu gan dui zhe。 wang ying yue:“ xi‘ ji shi fu shi, bai shou lv wu。’ bi xia ying? yu tu, hu xiang lai ge。” zong ji shan ci, bu neng bu ling ren ou hui。

【 yi wen】

jin wu di chu deng ji shi, chou dao qian shu“ yi”。 gu ren bu suan wang chao chuan wei de shi shu, dou yi suo chou zhong shu zi lun duo gua, suo yi wu di fei chang bu gao xing, zhong chen men ye bu gan duo hua。 shi zhong pei kai( zi shu ze, zu shi yuan) zou dao:“ wei chen ting shuo tian de yi jiu chong he qing ping, di de yi jiu si fang an ning, wang hou de yi ze tian xia cheng xin。” wu di ting le zhuan nu wei xi, zhong chen men jian long yan da yue, ye bu de bu tan fu pei kai de ji zhi。

you yi tian liang wu di wen wang fen shuo:“ zhen shi‘ you’ ne, hai shi‘ wu’ ne?” wang fen shuo:“ bi xia shun ying wan wu shi‘ you’, dan yi ben ti lai kan shi‘ wu’。”

song wen di you yi ci dao tian quan chi diao yu, diao le xu jiu dou bu jian yu er shang diao, jiao de fei chang ao nao, wang jing wen shuo:“ sheng wang yi chu tian xia qing che, suo yi yu er bu gan tan chi er shi。”

yuan wei gao zu wei huang zi men fen bie qu ming xun、 yu、 yue、 yi, cui guang( ben ming xiao bo, zi chang ren, xiao wen huang di ci ming guang) ze fen bie wei er zi men qu ming shao、 xu、 mian。 gao zu shuo: wo er de ming pang dou you xin, xian qing de er ming pang dou you li。” cui guang shuo:“ zhe jiu shi suo wei jun zi lao xin, xiao ren lao li。”

[ zhu shi yi wen]

wang?m zhou( ji wang shi zhen, zi zi mei) shuo:“ xu duo ren sui yi cai si min jie ying feng huang shang er chu ming, dan yong yu reng ying li qiu ya zhi。 pi ru huan xuan cuan wei hou, chu ci shui long chuang shi, long chuang fa sheng ta xian。 yin zhong wen( shan xie wen zhang) shuo:‘ wu huang sheng de shen hou, da di cheng zai bu le, suo yi long chuang ta xian。’”

liang wu di shi, gong men qi huo, wu di dui qun chen shuo:“ gua ren zheng xiang zhong xiu gong men, mei xiang dao jiu men que xian qi huo le。” he jing rong( zi guo ti, guan zhi shang shu zuo pu she) shuo:“ zhe jiu shi bi xia neng xian yi bu le jie tian yi, er tian ye bu gan wei ni bi xia de xin yi。”

you wu di ji wei shi, chuan chu lao hu chuang ru jing shi, da xiang chu xian zai yi jiang yi ling de qi shi, wu di ren wei bu ji, xun wen da chen men de kan fa, da chen men dou bu gan shuo。 wang ying( zi feng guang, guan zhi dan yi? yi yin) shuo:“ cong qian sheng ren qiao ji shi kuai, bai shou sui zhe qiao ji de jie pai qi wu, xian zai bi xia deng ji, hu xiang zheng xiang lai he, zhe shi ji zhao a!”

yan ci dian ya, dan feng ying ba jie, bu neng bu shuo ling ren zuo ou。

769、 yang ting he  gu ding chen

【 yuan wen】

xin si, su miao ru ji da tong, fang zai chong nian。 deng ji zhi ri, yu long pao po chang, shang fu shi bu yi, da xue shi yang ting he zou yun:“ bi xia chui yi chang er tian xia zhi。” sheng qing shen yue。

jia jing chu, jiang guan gu ding chen jiang《 meng zi》“ xian qiu meng” zhang, zhi“ fang xun cu luo” yu, shi chen jie jing, gu xu yun:“ yao shi shi yi bai you er shi sui yi。” zhong xin shi an。

[ shu ping]

shi zong duo ji hui, shi shi ke chang chu ti, wu ze jia yu, ru《 lun yu》“ wu wei er zhi” jie,《 meng zi》“ wo fei yao、 shun zhi dao” er ju ti, zhu si jie huo qian。 yi“ wu wei” fei you wei,“ wo fei yao、 shun” si zi si bang yu ye。

you ming nei shi du xiang shi lu, ti shi“ ren yi wei ji ren, bu yi zhong hu”, shang hu wen:“ xia wen yun he?” nei shi dui yue:“ xia wen shi‘ xing yu shi’ yun yun。” ci nei shi yi you zhi。

【 yi wen】

tang su zong deng ji na nian zheng qiao yu zi ji sheng xiao xiang chong。 ji wei dang tian, su zong ren wei long pao yi bai tai chang, pin pin di tou fu shi, jiao de fei chang bu shun xin。 da xue shi yang ting he( zi jie fu) jian su zong shen qing, qi zou shuo:“ bi xia chui yi chang er tian xia zhi。” su zong yi ting, bu you long xin da yue。

ming jia jing chu nian, jiang du guan gu ding cheng( zi jiu he, hao wei zhai) you yi ci jiang jie《 meng zi》“ xian qiu meng zhang” shi, shuo dao“ fang xun( di yao de ming hao) cu luo” zhe ju, yi pang de da chen pa huang shang ting le bu gao xing, dou jing ju bu yi。 gu ding cheng bu huang bu mang de jie zhe shuo:“ yao zhe shi yi you yi bai er shi duo sui le。” zhong chen yi ting cai xin an。

[ shu ping yi wen]

ming shi zong ping ri you xu duo ji hui。 ming dai ke ju kao shi, dou xi huan yong jia ju ming yan wei shi ti, chu《 lun yu》 zhong“ wu wei er zhi”, ji《 meng zi》 zhong“ wo fei yao shun zhi dao” liang ju wei ti de zhu kao guan dou zao dao guo shi zong ze ma, ren wei“ wu wei” jiu shi zhi“ mei you zuo wei”, er“ wo fei yao shun” si zi you yin she zi ji de yi si。

ling you yi ci, shi zong ming nei chen du xiang shi( ke ju shi dai mei san nian ji he ge sheng dao sheng cheng can jia kao shi, cheng wei xiang shi) ti mu, you ti shi“ ren yi wei ji ren bu yi zhong hu”, shi zong tu ran wen nei chen xia ju shi shen me, nei chen da:“ xia ju shi xing yu shi。”

kan lai zhe nei chen man cong ming de。

770、 zong ze

【 yuan wen】

zong ru lin ze zheng he chu zhi lai zhou ye xian shi, hu bu zhe ti ju si ke mai niu huang, yi gong zai jing hui min he ji ju he yao yong, du ze ji ru xing huo。 zhou xian bai xing jing tu niu yi qu huang。 ji bu deng suo ke zhi shu, ze xiang yu lian qian yi lu li xu qi mian。[ bian pi: bi suo bi zhi。] ru lin du yi zhuang shen ti ju si, yan“ niu yu sui yi ze duo bing you huang, jin tai ping ri jiu, he qi chong sai, xian jing niu jie chong?, wu huang ke qu。” shi zhe bu neng jie, yi xian huo mian, wu bu huan dai。

【 yi wen】

zong ze( zi ru lin) zai bei song hui zong zheng he chu nian wei cai zhou ye zhi xian shi, hu bu wei gong yi ying jing shi zhi bing he yao, ming ti ju si( guan ming, zhu guan te zhong shi wu zhi guan) mai niu huang( yao ming, bing niu dan han ning jie cheng li zhuang huo kuai zhuang, ke zhi jing jue deng zheng)。 zhou xian bai xing zai du fu cui yi bi yi xia, jing sha niu qu niu huang, dan shu liang reng bu fu hu bu de yao qiu。 you xie xian min li yong zheng gou niu huang bu xu deng ji xing ming de gui ding, jiu yong qian mai tong li zu, qing qiu mian zheng niu huang。 zong ru lin jian hui lu feng qi sheng xing, yu shi shang shu ti ju si, shuo:“ nian sui bu hao, niu zhi cai hui gan ran ji bing, ye cai you niu huang ke qu; xian zai tian xia tai ping hao duo nian le, wu fu min feng, xian nei niu zhi fei zhuang kang jian, na you niu huang ke qu?” ti ju si wu hua ke da, yu shi quan xian mian zheng niu huang, bai xing men wu bu huan tian xi di。

77!”、 pan jing

【 yuan wen】

jin liang li pan jing wei zhou suo pi, ye jian she ce, tan de“ bu xiao” zi, ci shi xi yue:“ pi shi wei bu xiao ye?” da yue:“ jin wei zhong chen, bu de wei xiao zi。”

【 yi wen】

jin chao shi pan jing( zi shi chang, you ji zhi bian cai) wei zhou guan pi zhao, ye jian huang shang she ce( gu shi ce shi shi ren fang fa zhi yi, jiang ti mu xie zai zhu ce shang, xiang she ce zhe ke sui bian qu yi ce, jiu ti chan shi), chou dao de shi ti shi“ bu xiao。” ci shi kai wan xiao shuo:“ pi shi shi ge bu xiao zi ma?” pan jing hui da shuo:“ xian zai ji wei chao ting zhong chen, ye jiu wu fa jian gu xiao dao le。”

772、 mou bu zheng si li

【 yuan wen】

xiang chuan mou bu zheng qing an tai jiu, zuo jian, bu zheng yi duo zi wei you。 an jun zhi yi zi, you you qi gua。 li zai bang yun:“ zi hao bu xu duo。” bu zheng wen zhi, yin wei yue:“ wo duo zi, ru you yun he?” da yue:“ zi hao bu chou duo。” er gong da cheng zan, gong ji yin zhi。

【 yi wen】

chuan shuo you mou ge bu zheng shi qing an tai he jiu, xi jian, bu zheng shi dan xin zi ji er nv tai duo, er an tai que dan xin zi ji zhi you yi zi, tai shao le。

yi pang xiao li ting le jie kou dao:“ er zi hao shi bu xu yao duo de。”

bu zheng shi shuo:“ na wo er zi duo le zen me ban。”

xiao li shuo:“ er zi hao jiu bu chou duo。”

yu shi er ren dou gao xing, yi qi ti ba zhe ge fan ying kuai de xiao li。

773、 zhu xi

【 yuan wen】

liao de ming, zi zi hui, zhu wen gong gao di ye。 shao shi meng ye da qian, hun zhe suo ci, chu zhu xiu, shi qi ti zi yun“ xuan jiao lang liao mou”, sui jiao。 hou deng di gai zhi, yi xuan jiao lang zai min。 si qian meng, kong guan zhi ci, bu yu xing。 qin you xiang mian, wei zhi zhi wen gong。 gong chen si liang jiu, yue:“ de zhi yi。” yin zhi an shang wu yue:“ ren yu qi bu tong。 ru bi zhi neng wei bi, bu neng wei yan; jian zhi neng wei jian, bu neng wei qin。 gu qi cheng hui jiu yuan you yi ding bu yi zhi shu。 wei ren bu ran, you chao wei zhi mu wei shun zhe, gu qi ji xiong huo fu yi sui er bian, nan yi yi ding yan。 jin zi fu guan, dan dang li xing hao shi, qian meng bu zu jie di。” liao bai er shou jiao, hou ba hui chi jie, guan zhi zheng lang。

【 yi wen】

song chao ren liao de ming( zi zi hui) shi zhu wen gong( ji zhu xi, ji nan song li xue da cheng, wen shi shi hao) de gao zu。 nian qing shi zeng meng dao zi ji ye jian huang shang, shou men li zu suo qu ming pian tong bao, liao de ming meng jian zi ji you xiu zhong chou chu yi zhang shu ming“ xuan jiao lang liao mou” de ming pian, yi jing zhi xia jiu xing le。

hou lai liao de ming zhong bang pai guan, bei ren ming wei xuan jiao lang, zhi li fu jian。 liao de ming xiang qi dang nian de meng jing, pa zi ji guan zhi jin zhi yu xuan jiao lang, bu xiang fu ren。 dan qin you dou quan mian ta, que na bu ding zhu yi, yu shi qu zheng qiu zhu xi de yi jian。

zhu xi chen si liang jiu, er hou shuo:“ wo zhi dao le。” jie zhe zhi zhuo shang de wen ju:“ ren he qi wu bu tong。 xiang bi zhi neng shi bi, bu neng dang yan tai yong; jian zhi neng shi jian, bu neng dang qin dan。 suo yi bu lun ta de nian xian you duo chang, ta de gong yong shi bu bian de。 wei you ren bu tong, ye xu zao shang shi xiong can de dao zhi, dao wan shang xin nian zhuan bian, li di cheng fo, cheng wei yao shun。 suo yi yi ge ren de ji xiong huo fu, ye hui sui ren de ji yu、 xin nian er gai bian, hen nan shi xian you ding lun。 jin tian ni feng ming zhi li fu jian, zhi yao jin xin jie li jia hui bai xing, meng zhong suo jian bu bi geng geng yu huai。”

liao de ming bai xie li qu, hou lai liao de ming guo ran guan zhi zheng lang。

774、 wu shan

【 yuan wen】

dan tu jin wen xi gui zhi ji fu ren, nian wei san shi er gua, you si wei zhi zou qing jing dian, shi xia li bu, er yi cao lang yu jin you yin nv lian, yin li wei zhi di。 li bu shang shu wu shan yue:“ fan yi fu jie fu, xiao zhi shun sun zhu jing dian, wei pi fu pi fu fa qian de zhi guang, yi feng shi er。 ruo shi da fu, he ren bu dang wei jie yi xiao shun zhe! jin fu ren ji sheng shou shu feng, nai he yu pi fu zheng yi chong yi ling hu?”[ que lun ming yan。] hui fu zhi ru xi yuan, yu da xue shi xu jie yu。 jie yi yi wei yan, shan zheng se yue:“ xiang gong yi lv ge lao fu ren zai jiao ye?” jie yu sai er zhi。

[ ping]

jin ri“ jie yi”、“ xiao shun” zhu jing dian, zhi you shi da fu zhi jia, ke sui qiu sui de; qi ci ze fu jia, you jian ke li ying zhi zhi。 pi fu pi fu jue wang yi! ruo cun wu zong bo zhi shuo, shi shi da fu hai er zi si, suo yi jiu jing yi qi qin zhe, fan yi bo dai qi qin。 shu hu gan jin zhi lu shao jue, er fu jia ying qiu zhi yu, huo ke bo ji dan jian, shi feng shao you zhen hu! tui zhi“ ming huan”、“ xiang xian”, mo bu jie ran。 ming huan zai zai ji tong, fei you da gong de ji min zhe bu si, xiang xian ze xu you san bu xiu zhi ye。 ruo xun chang hao guan hao ren, fen nei zhi shi, he yi ci wei? you tui zhi“ xiang yin” yi ran。 xiang yin xu nian gao you de wang zhe, nai ke yi biao shuai yi xiang。 jin feng gong wu bu da bin zhe, er jie bi yi hui de, guo jia zun lao li xian zhi dian, zhi yi gong ren fu fei er yi, ci jie wu zong bo suo xiao ye!

【 yi wen】

ming chao ren jin gui( zi wen xi) de ji shi, bu dao san shi sui jiu shou gua, guan yuan ni zou qing huang di jian fang biao yang, huang di yi jiao yi fu li bu yan shang, er yi cao lang( guan ming, zhang ji xiong li zhi) he jin jia shi yin qin, geng shi ji li cu cheng ci shi。

li bu shang shu wu shan shuo:“ yi wang li bei shi yin pu tong bai xing neng fa hui zhong xiao jie yi de de xing, ke wei zi sun mo fan, qi yong yi shi wei ti li shi ren。 zhi yu shi da fu, na ge bu gai li xing zhong yi, xiao shang ti xia ne? jin fu ren ji ran zeng jie shou huang shang ce feng, wei shen me hai yao he pu tong bai xing zheng rong yi chong yi ne?”

hou lai zai wang xi yuan lu shang, zheng qiao peng dao xue shi xu jie( zi zi sheng, shi wen zhen), xu jie ye zan tong jian fang biao yang, wu shan yan su de shuo:“ nan dao xian sheng shi pa jin fu ren zai jia ma?” xu jie bu gan zai duo yan。

[ ping yi wen]

jin tian( zhi ming chao) jian fang biao yang zhong xiao jie yi, zhi xian yu shi da fu zhi jia; qi ci shi fu hao da hu ke yi yong qian ying qiu, zhi yu pu tong bai xing, gen ben bu yong meng xiang。 ruo shi wu shan de jian jie neng bei jie shou, shi da fu men neng zi wo fan sheng, ming bai jian bei fang biao yang qin ren, jiu zi ji shen fen di wei er yan qi shi fan er shi ke dai le qin ren, huo xu neng da xiao yi xie ren qing li bei fang de nian tou。 er fu hao da hu zai yong qian ying qiu zhi yu, chao ting huo xu ye hui kao lv wei di wei bei wei de bai xing jian bei, bu ye neng shao zhen shi feng ma? qi shi, tui er guang zhi, yi ban da guan xiang shen dou ying ru ci。

gu shi neng liu ming yu《 ji tong》(《 li ji》 pian ming, ji ji si zhi ben) de guan yuan, ruo bu shi you ji da de gong de huo dui bai xing you da en de de, yi lv bu yu ji si。 yi ban de xiang shen ze bi xu you li de、 li gong、 li yan san bu xiu de gong ye, ruo zhi shi pu tong hao guan、 hao ren, zhe ben jiu shi zuo ren de ben fen, wei shen me yao te bie ji bai ne?

zhi yu xiang yin( gu shi mei san nian ju xing da kao, xiang da fu tui ju xian zhe yu jun, lin xing shi yin jiu jian bie) ye shi yi yang。 ju xing xiang yin bi shi tui ju nian gao de shao, ke yi zuo wei yi xiang biao lv。 ke shi xian zai ce feng ming hao wu bu da yan bin ke, hui lu feng qi ye sui zhi er qi, guo jia zun lao li xian de dian li zhi tu ju xing shi。 zhe zhong zhong xian xiang, kong pa dou hui shou dao wu shan chi xiao ba!

775、 song jun  lu yuan

【 yuan wen】

dong han song jun chang yan:“ li neng hong hou, sui tan yi wu fang zong you wu suo hai,[ bian pi: shen yan zhi。] wei ke cha zhi ren, shen sui lian, er qiao xia ke wan, du jia bai xing。” shi zhe yi wei que lun,[ bian pi: lian li wu hou, wang wang zuo ci。]

tang lu tan, zi bao heng, shi shi wei he nan wei, shi du huang chang wei yin, zhao tan yu yue:“ mou ju shi zi, yu e ren you, po chan, he cha zhi。” tan yue:“ fan ju guan lian, sui da chen wu hou xu, qi neng ji cai zhe, bi bo xia zhi zhi。 ru zi sun shan shou, shi tian fu bu dao zhi jia; bu ruo zi qi bu dao, yi gui yu ren ye!” huang chang jing yi qi yan。

[ ping]

zhi shuo de“ ku”、“ tan” er zi, dan yi lun tong kuai, bian jiao kai tian。

【 yi wen】

dong han song jun chang chang shuo, guan li ruo shi xin di kuan hou, zong shi shao ai qian cai、 xing wei fang zong[ ci shi ji duan yan zhi。] reng bu hui cheng wei bai xing de da hai; dao shi wei ren yan ke de guan li, sui lian jie gang zhi, dan yin tai guo yan jun, fan er zui shi bai xing de da huan。 hen duo you shi zhi shi ren wei ta de shuo fa you dao li。

tang chao ren lu yuan chu wei he nan wei shi, du huang chang wei ling yin。 yi tian, zhao jian lu yuan shuo:“ you ge da guan er zi bu shen yi jiao yi le huai peng you, xian zai jia cai bai jin。 ni shen ru tiao zha yi xia, le jie xiang qing。”

lu yuan shuo:“ fan shi wei guan qing lian, sui wei gao quan zhong, reng bu hui you feng hou jia chan; ruo you jia cai pang da, bi shi bo xue bai xing lei ji er lai。 jia shi zi sun neng shou cai, na shi shang tian yao shi bu dao zhi jia fu you, ren ye mei fa; ruo shi bu neng shou cai, na shi qu yu ren hai yu ren, hai you shen me hao tiao zha de。”

du huang chang dui lu yuan de hui da jiao de fei chang ya yi。

[ ping yi wen]

sui ran zhi she ji“ ku”、“ tan” er zi, dan yi lun tong kuai, bie kai sheng mian。 

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