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第八部 兵智 1

 第八部  兵智

兵智部 总序

【原文】

冯子曰:忠武论兵曰:“仁,智,信,勇,严,缺一不可。”愚以为“智”尤甚焉。智者,知也。知者,知仁、知信、知勇、知严也。为将者,患不知耳。诚知,差之暴骨,不如践之问孤;楚之坑降,不如晋之释原;偃之迁延,不如菪之斩嬖;季之负载,不如孟之焚舟。虽欲不仁、不信、不严、不勇,而不可得也。又况夫泓水之襄败于仁,鄢陵之共败于信,阆中之飞败于严,邲河之縠败于勇。越公委千人以尝敌,马服须后令以济功,李广罢刁斗之警,淮忍胯下之羞。以仁、信、勇、严而若彼,以不仁、不信、不严、不勇而若此。其故何哉?智与不智之异耳!愚遇智,智胜;智遇尤智,尤智胜。故或不战而胜,或百战百胜,或正胜,或谲胜,或出新意而胜,或仿古兵法而胜。天异时,地异利,敌异情,我亦异势。用势者,因之以取胜焉。往志之论兵者备矣,其成败列在简编,的的可据。吾于其成而无败者,择著于篇,首“不战”,次“制胜”,次“诡道”,次“武案”。岳忠武曰:“运用之妙,在乎一心”。武案则运用之迹也。儒者不言兵,然儒者政不可与言兵。儒者之言兵恶诈;智者之言兵政恐不能诈。夫唯能诈者能战;能战者,斯能为不战者乎!

【译文】

岳忠武的兵法说:“仁智信勇严,为将用兵者缺一不可。”我个人以为,最重要的还是“智”——智慧。

智慧是一种明澈无比的理解,由此可生发出对仁、信、勇、严的深刻理解。带兵作战能以智慧为本,则想要不仁不信不勇不严也不可能。

历史上的战争,有不战即胜的,有百战百胜的;有正大光明的获胜,也有以诈取胜的;有以没有前例的战法获胜,更有仿效古人兵法而获胜的。天时不同,地利不同,敌情不同,因此对敌作战的方式也不同。这种种应敌获胜的方法如何选择,便靠智慧。

历史上的兵书不乏,其成败得失也都有明确的记载,我这里只实录历史上一些用兵不败的故事,分为“不战”、“制胜”、“诡道”、“武案”四卷。岳忠武说:“运用之妙,在乎一心”。这些故事便是巧妙运用的真实例子,或可供做印证启发之用。

儒者不屑谈军事,这正是儒者没能力谈论兵法的缘故。儒者总说用兵不可诈胜,但真正有用兵智慧的人,正唯恐不能想出各种诡诈的作战方法来。只有能行诈的人才能作战,而亦唯有能战的人,才能消弭天下的兵灾战祸。

二十一 未战先胜

【原文】

形逊声,策绌力;胜于庙堂,不于疆场;胜于疆场,不于矢石。庶可方行天下而无敌,集“不战”。

【译文】

有形的武力不如无形的影响力,策谋也远比蛮力更有用;能在庙堂上折冲取胜,就不必要赴战场对决;在战场上的将帅能善谋慎断,就不必让兵卒亲冒矢石。如此,才能行遍天下无敌手。

776、荀罂 伍员

【原文】

鲁襄时,晋、楚争郑。襄公九年,晋悼公帅诸侯之师围郑,郑人恐,乃行成。荀偃曰:“遂围之,以待楚人之救也,而与之战。不然,无成。”[边批:亦是。]知菪曰:“许之盟而还师以敝楚:吾三分四军,与诸侯之锐,以逆来者,于我未病,楚不能矣。犹愈于战,暴骨以逞,不可以争。大劳未艾。君子劳心,小人劳力,先王之制也。”乃许郑成,后三驾郑,而楚卒道敝,不能争,晋终得郑。

吴阖闾既立,问于伍员曰:“初而言伐楚,余知其可也。而恐其使余往也,又恶人之有余之功也。今余将自己有之矣,伐楚何如?”对曰:“楚执政众而乖,莫适任患。若为三师以肄焉,一师至,彼必皆出;彼出则归,彼归则出,楚必道敝。亟肄以罢之,多方以误之。既罢,而后以三军继之,必大克之。”阖闾从之,楚于是乎始病。

[评议]

晋、吴敝楚,若出一辙。然吴能破楚,而晋不能者,终少柏举之一战也。宋儒乃以城濮之战咎晋文非王者之师。噫!有此议论,所以养成南宋为不战之天下,而竟奄奄以亡。悲夫!

按:吴璘制金,亦用此术。虏性忍耐坚久,令酷而下必死,每战非累日不决。于是选据形便,出锐卒,更迭挠之,与之为无穷,使不得休暇,以沮其坚忍之气,俟其少怠,出奇胜之。

【译文】

春秋时代鲁襄公时,晋楚争夺郑国。襄公九年,晋悼公联合其他诸侯的军队围攻郑国,郑人恐惧之余,遣使求和。荀偃(晋人,字伯游,卒谥献)说:“继续围攻郑国,等楚救郑时,就可以迎战楚军;如果与郑议和,就得不到实际的利益。”

荀罂(晋大夫,卒谥武子)却说:“不可以,应该与郑结盟引兵而归,如此楚国就会出兵讨郑。我们要先使楚军疲惫不堪,办法是把军队分成三路,联合其他诸侯军队分路迎战楚军。那么我军在未疲惫前,楚军早已疲累得不能作战了,远比现在就跟楚国 战要好得多。假如现在就跟楚国 战,必然伤亡惨重,所以应以不战为上策。所谓聪明的人以智慧取胜,愚笨的人以蛮力克敌,这正是先王克敌致胜之道。”

群臣都表示赞成,于是接受郑国的求和。后来楚国果然三度出兵讨郑,但是由于长途行军而疲力竭,根本无法作战。最后晋国终于取得郑国。

吴王阖闾(一作阖庐)即位后,曾问伍员(字子胥),说:“贤卿曾建议伐楚,寡人也有伐楚之心,寡人想亲自率军伐楚,贤卿以为如何?”

伍员答:“楚国政治纷乱,没有真正的执政者,假如大王动员三军,徒然劳民伤财,所以不如先发一军,诱楚出兵迎战。楚国出兵,大王立即退兵;楚国退兵,大王再出兵。楚军往来跋涉,必会疲于奔命,而想放弃 战的念头。这时大王再运用各种手段,使楚国的军事政治更混乱,彻底瓦解楚人的斗志,然后大王再动员三军,一定能彻底摧毁楚国。”

阖闾欣然采纳伍员的建议,从此楚军就陷入疲于奔命的苦境。

[评议译文]

晋与吴削弱楚国实力,用的都是同一手法,但是吴能在柏举大破楚军,而晋却不能在城濮灭楚。宋儒在批评楚晋、城濮之战时,竟然责难晋文公并非王者之师,不能伐楚。唉!正因宋儒有这种思想,才使南宋出现不战而和的妥协论调,终于使南宋逐渐由衰而亡,真是可悲!

按,宋将吴璘对付金兵,也用这种方法。金兵的个性忍耐坚久,命令严酷,一旦令下,必誓死执行任务,因此每次决战,非得打上好几天,纠缠不清。吴璘于是选择有利地形,派出锐兵卒,轮番扰,使金兵穷于应付,不得休息,来磨蚀他们坚忍的士气,等到金兵稍有惰怠的间隙,立刻以奇兵袭击,大胜而回。

777、高颎

【原文】

开皇初,帝尝问高颎以取陈之策。颎曰:“ 北地寒,田收差晚; 南土热,水田早熟。量彼收获之际,微征士马,声言掩集,彼必屯兵御守,便可废其农时;及彼聚兵,我还解甲,再三若此。贼以为常,后更集兵,彼必不信,犹豫之顷,我忽济师,出其不意,破贼必矣!又 南土薄,舍多竹茅,所有储积,皆非地窖,密遣行人,因风纵火。待彼修立,更复烧之。不出数年,自可令彼财力俱困。”帝用其策,卒以敝陈。

【译文】

隋文帝开皇初年,文帝曾问高颎(字昭玄)进攻陈国的策略。高颎说:“ 北地寒旱,收成晚; 南气 高,水田收成早。我们趁陈国人忙着收成的时候,悄悄的征调少数兵马在边境集结,陈国必定会屯兵防守,如此一来就会影响陈国的收成;他们结集防备,我们就退兵。反复多次后,陈国士兵再看到我军集结,一定会 以为常,不再相信我军会真的进攻。就在陈国松懈之时,我军出其不意的发兵进攻,一定能破陈国。另外, 南土层薄,民舍多半是用竹茅搭建,而贮藏谷物的仓库也不习惯用地窖,我国可暗中派遣奸细,顺着风势纵火烧仓。等陈国人把谷仓整建好了,放火再烧。不出几年,陈国自然人力、财用都疲敝不堪。”

文帝用高颎的计策,终于使陈国走上民生凋敝、财用困难的窘境。

778、周德威

【原文】

晋王存勖大败梁兵,梁兵亦退。周德威言于晋王曰:“贼势甚盛,宜按兵以待其衰。”王曰:“吾孤军远来,救人之急,三镇乌合,利于速战。公乃欲按兵持重,何也?”德威曰:“镇、定之兵,长于守城,短于野战;吾所恃者骑兵,利于平原旷野,可以驰突。今压城垒门,骑无所展其足;且众寡不敌,使彼知吾虚实,则事危矣。”王不悦,退卧帐中,诸将莫敢言。德威往见张承业,曰:“大王骤胜而轻敌,不量力而务速战,今去贼咫尺,所限者一水耳,彼若造桥以薄我,我众立尽矣,不若退军高邑,诱贼离营,彼出则归,彼归则出,别以轻骑,掠其馈饷,不过逾月,破之必矣!”承业入,褰帐抚王曰:“此岂王安寝时邪?周德威老将知兵,言不可忽也。”王蹶然而兴,曰:“予方思之。”时梁王闭垒不出,有降者,诘之,曰:“景仁方多造浮桥。”王谓德威曰:“果如公言。”

【译文】

五代十国时,晋王李存勖大败梁兵后,梁暂时退兵。周德威(字镇远,勇略多智)知道晋王想乘胜追击,于是对晋王说:“敌人气势盛,我军应该先按兵不动,等梁兵疲敝后再进攻。”

晋王说:“我率军远征,急如救人,再说我军是仓促成军,适合速战,现在将军却建议孤王按兵不动,这是什么原因?”

周德威说:“梁兵善于守城,不善于野地作战;我军仗恃的是骑兵,对骑兵而言,平原旷野是最有利的地形,可以驰骋突袭,但现在面对城门堡垒,骑兵根本无法施展,再说敌众我寡,假使让敌人摸清了我军的兵力,对我军实在大大不利。”

晋王听了周德威的解释仍不满意,就自回帐休息,其他将军见晋王一脸的不高兴,也都不敢再多说什么。

周德威知道晋王尚未改变心意,就去见张承业(字继元,宦官)说:“大王击败梁兵之后,有轻敌之心,不考虑自身的兵力,一心只想速战。现在敌我仅一水之隔,敌人若造浮桥偷袭我军,我军一定覆没。不如退守高邑,再出兵引诱梁兵离营。梁兵离营我军就回高邑,梁兵回营,我军再出,另外派一支骑兵队专门抢夺梁兵的军饷粮食。不出一个月,一定能破梁。”

张承业于是来到晋王的营帐,掀起帘帐说:“这哪是您平日安寝的时间呢?周德威是老将,深懂用兵之道,他的话可不能忽视。”

晋王突然从床 上跳起来大声说:“我正在想这件事。”

这期间梁王虽在军垒却闭门不出,后来晋兵侦讯一个投降的梁兵,他供说:“梁王正命人建造多座浮桥,准备攻晋。”

晋王对周德威说:“果然不出将军所料。”

779、诸葛恪

【原文】

诸葛恪有才名,吴主欲试以事,令守节度。节度掌钱谷,文书繁猥,非其好也。武侯闻之,遗陆逊书,陆公以白吴主,即转恪领兵。恪启吴主曰:“丹山险,民多果劲,虽前发兵,徒得外县平民而已,其余深远,莫能擒尽。恪请往为其守,三年可得甲士四万。”朝议皆以为,丹地势险阻,周旋数千里,山谷万重,其幽邃民人,未尝入城邑、对长吏,皆伏兵野逸,白首于林莽;逋亡宿恶,咸共逃窜,铸山为甲兵;俗好武 战,高气尚力,其升山赴险,抵突丛林,若鱼之走渊,猿狖之腾木也;时观间隙,出为寇盗。每致兵征伐,寻其窟藏,战则蜂至,败则鸟窜,自前世以来,不能驭而羁也。恪固言其必捷,吴主拜恪丹太守。恪至府,乃遗书四郡属城长吏,令各保其疆界,明立部伍,其从化平民,悉令屯居,乃分内诸将罗兵幽阻,但缮藩篱,不与 锋,候其谷熟,辄引兵芟刈,使无遗种,旧谷既尽,新田不收,平民屯居,略无所得,于是山民饥穷,渐出降首。恪乃复敕下曰:“山民去恶从化,皆当抚慰,徙出外县,不得嫌疑,有所执拘。”长吏 伉获降民周遗。遗,旧恶民,困迫暂出,内图叛逆。伉执送于恪,恪以伉违教,遂斩以徇,民闻伉坐戮,知官唯欲出之而已,于是老幼相携而出,岁期,人数皆如本规。

【译文】

三国时代的诸葛恪以有才干出名。孙权想试试他的才干,就委任他出仕文官,掌管钱谷。但处理文书不是诸葛恪的专长,平日文书公文作业繁琐,令诸葛恪大有怀才不遇的感觉。武侯(官名,掌巡房执捕)听说诸葛恪的烦恼,就上书陆逊(字伯言,善军略),禀告孙权,孙权改派诸葛恪为武将。

诸葛恪说:“丹地方山势险阻,山民剽悍,以前虽也派兵征讨,但所平定的不过是丹县外围的平民而已,至于深居内地的山民,却丝毫奈何不了他们。”诸葛恪因此请求为丹守令,并保证三年内可招抚四万山民。

朝中官员都认为,丹地势险阻,山川幽谷绵长数千里,山民从不进入县城与官兵正面为敌,只是在野外埋伏,等官兵出城追捕,他们又窜逃回山区。山民们以山为屏障,民风好战,崇尚勇力,攀山涉水就像鱼、猿一般,当官兵防备松懈时就下山抢夺,每次官兵围剿他们所藏匿的洞穴,若是官兵人少,他们就蜂拥围攻,若官兵人多,他们就四处窜逃,所以从前朝到现在,一直无法使山民真正的归顺。

诸葛恪却保证一定能平服丹,孙权于是正式任命诸葛恪为丹太守。诸葛恪上任后立即下令,整编军伍,严密防守。对已归顺的山民,要他们集中耕作,集体生活,又命属下修建围篱,不可与山民冲突,等到稻谷快成熟时,就命士兵抢先收割,不留一粒谷粮,山民们在积粮吃尽又无粮可抢的情形下,只有下山投降一途。

诸葛恪又下令:“凡山民自愿归化我朝者,都应妥善照顾,进入县城不可因怀疑他们意图,而随意扣押逮捕。”

之后,长吏 伉抓了一个叫周遗的山民,周遗曾经是令官府头疼的人物,现在因缺粮而投降,但内心却仍然想伺机作乱。 伉把周遗抓到诸葛恪的面前,以为立了一功,诸葛恪却以 伉违抗军令而下令斩首。

山民听说 伉因触法而斩头,知道诸葛恪只希望他们能下山投降而已,于是扶老携幼纷纷出山,一年后,招降的人数正如诸葛恪所保证的。

780、杨侃

【原文】

魏雍州刺史萧宝夤反,攻冯翊,尚书仆射长孙稚讨之。左丞杨侃谓稚曰:“昔魏武与韩遂、马超据潼关相拒。遂、超之才,非魏武敌,然而胜负久不决者,扼其险要故也。今贼守御已固,不如北取蒲坂,渡河而西,入其腹心,置兵死地,则华州之围不战自解,长安可坐取也。”稚曰:“子之计则善矣。然今薛修义围河东,薛凤贤据安邑,宗正珍孙守虞坂,兵不得进,如何?”曰:“珍孙行阵一夫,因缘为将,可为人使,安能使人?河东治在薄坂,西河漘,封疆多在郡东。修义驱卒士民,西围郡城,其父母妻子,皆留旧村。一旦闻官军至,皆有内顾之心,势必望风自溃矣。”稚乃使其子子彦与侃帅骑兵,自恒农北渡,据石锥壁。侃声言:“停此以待步兵,且以望民情向背。而今送降名者,各自还村,俟台举三烽,即举烽相应。其无应烽者,乃贼 也,当进击屠之,以所获赏军士。”于是村民转相告语,虽实未降者,亦诈举烽,一宿之间,火光遍数百里。贼围城者不测,各自散归。修义亦逃还,与凤贤俱请降。稚克潼关,遂入河东,宝夤出奔。

【译文】

北魏雍州刺史萧宝夤(齐明帝第六子,字智亮)兴兵叛乱攻打冯翊郡。当尚书仆射长孙稚(字承业,孝文帝因他六岁时袭继爵位,故赐名稚)前往征讨时,左丞杨侃(字士业)建议说:“以前魏武帝曹操曾多次与据守潼关的韩遂(后汉金城人,被曹操所灭)、马超(字孟起,汉末将军) 战。韩遂、马超的才智比不上曹操,但曹操始终不能一举击败他们,原因就是韩遂据守要塞的缘故。如今贼兵守备坚强,不如先由北方的蒲坂渡河而西,进攻敌人的腹地,若士兵们人人抱置死地而后生的意念,不仅可解华州之围,又可坐取长安。”

长孙稚说:“你的策略很好,但现在薛修义(即薛循义,字公让)包皮围河东,薛凤贤据守安邑,而宗正珍孙则镇守虞坂,我军无法进兵,这该怎么办呢?”

杨侃说:“在宗正珍孙的军营中,有一个是凭个人关系、背景而被任命为将军的。这种人只能受人驱使,怎能指挥部队呢?河东的中心在蒲坂,临近黄河岸,而重要的城市也都集中在郡东。薛修义出兵包皮围西部,士兵的父母妻子都留在故乡,一旦他们知道官军来到郡东,一定会担心故乡的家人,影响士气,结果就会像秋风扫落叶般不战而溃。”

于是长孙稚就派自己的儿子与杨侃一同率领骑兵,从恒农北渡黄河,据守右锥壁。杨侃下令:“军队先驻扎此地,在等步兵前来会合的期间,可先观察民心的向背。凡是自动前来投降的敌兵,一律遣返回乡;愿意投降的敌兵,可以在见到高台上燃起三把烽火时,也举烽火回应。如果见到烽火而不回应,就表示是敌 ,那么我军就格杀勿论,所获得的战利品,都将做为将士的奖赏。”

村民得到消息后争相走告,虽没有明白表示要投降,但却都有举烽火表明自己非敌人的念头,因此一夜 间火光照天,几百里内一片火海。围城的叛 还不知道究竟发生什么事,手下的士兵就已各自溃散回乡,甚至连薛修义也逃回家,与薛凤贤一起请降。

长孙稚攻占潼关后,就乘胜进攻河东,叛将萧宝夤只好狼狈而逃。

78!”、高仁厚

【原文】

邛州牙将阡能叛,侵扰蜀境,都招讨高仁厚帅兵讨之。未发前一日,有鬻面者到营中,逻者疑,执而讯之,果阡能之谍也。仁厚命释缚,问之,[边批:善用间者,因敌间而用之。]对曰:“某村民,阡能囚其父母妻子于狱,云汝詗事归,得实则免汝家,不然尽死,某非愿尔也。”仁厚曰:“诚知汝如是,我何忍杀汝?今纵汝归,救汝父母妻子,但语阡能云:‘高尚书来日发,所将止五百人,无多兵也。’然我活汝一家,汝当为我潜语寨中人,云:‘仆射愍汝曹皆良人,为贼所制,情非得已。尚书欲拯救湔洗汝曹,尚书来,汝曹各投兵迎降,尚书当以‘归顺’二字书汝背,遣汝还复旧业。所欲诛者,阡能、罗浑擎、勾 僧、罗夫子、韩求五人耳,必不使横及百姓也。’ ”谍曰:“此皆百姓心上事,尚书尽知而赦之,其谁不舞跃听命!”遂遣之。

明日仁厚兵发,至双流,把截使白文现出迎。仁厚周视堑栅,怒曰:“阡能役夫,其众皆耕民耳,竭一府之兵,岁余不能擒,今观堑栅,重复牢密如此,宜其可以安眠饱食,养寇邀功也!”命引出斩之,监军力救,乃免。命悉平堑栅,留五百兵守之,余兵悉以自随。又召诸寨兵,相继皆集。阡能闻仁厚将至,遣浑擎立五寨于双流之西,伏兵千人于野桥箐,以邀官军,仁厚詗知,遣人释戎服,入贼中告谕如昨所以语谍者。贼大喜呼噪,争弃甲来降,仁厚因抚谕,书其背,使归语寨中未降者。寨中余众争出,浑擎狼狈逾堑走,其众执以诣仁厚,仁厚械送府,悉命焚五寨及其甲兵,唯留旗帜。

明旦,仁厚谓降者曰:“始欲即遣汝归,而前途诸寨百姓未知吾心,借汝曹为我前行,过穿口,新津寨下,示以背字,告谕之,比至延贡,可归矣。”乃取浑擎旗倒系之,每五十为队,授以一旗,使前扬旗疾呼曰:“罗浑擎已生擒,送使府,大军且至,汝寨中速如我出降,立得为良人,无事矣。”至穿口,勾 僧置十一寨,寨中人争出降。 僧大惊,拔剑遏之,众投瓦石击之,共擒以献仁厚,其众五千人皆降。明旦又焚寨,使降者又执旗先驱,到新津,韩求置十三寨,皆迎降。求自投深堑死,将士欲焚寨。仁厚止之,曰:“降人皆未食,先运出资粮,然后焚之。”新降者竞炊爨,与先降来告者共食之,语笑歌吹,终夜不绝。明日,仁厚候双流、穿口降者先归,使新津降者执旗前驱,且曰:“入邛州境,亦可散归矣。”罗夫子置九寨于延贡,其众前夕望新津火光,已待降不眠矣。及新津人至,罗夫子脱身弃寨奔阡能。明日,罗夫子、阡能谋悉众决战,计未定,日向暮,延贡降者至,阡能走马巡塞,欲出兵,众皆不应,明旦大军将近,呼噪争出,执阡能、罗夫子,泣拜马首。出军凡六日,五贼皆平。

[评]

只用彼谍一人,而贼已争降矣;只用降卒数队,而二十四寨已望风迎款矣,必欲俘馘为功者,何哉?

【译文】

唐朝时,镇守邛州的副将阡能反叛,侵扰四川县境,都招讨使高仁厚(僖宗时因讨韩秀升有功任剑南东川节度使)率军征讨。在发兵的前一天,营地中来了个卖面具的小贩,守卫的士兵觉得小贩形迹可疑,一经盘查,果真是阡能派来的间谍。

高仁厚命人为他松绑,并且问他为什么会作间谍。那人说:“我本是个安份守己的小村民,阡能囚禁了我的父母妻小,威胁我当间谍,如果所探得的情报正确,就释放我的家人,否则杀我全家,我是被迫的。”

高仁厚说:“我非常了解你的苦衷,你放心,我不会狠心杀你的,现在我放你回去,让你能救你的家人,你回去对阡能说:‘高元帅不久将发兵,但士兵人数不多,只有五百名左右。’但我救你全家性命,你欠我一份人情。你回去后,暗中对营寨里的人说:‘高元帅体恤你们都是善良百姓,只因被阡能胁迫,情非得已。元帅想解救你们的困境,等元帅发兵征讨阡能时,你们只要杀阡能的兵士投降元师,元帅就会派人在你们的背上写上‘归顺’二字,立刻遣送你们复归旧业。元帅想杀的,只是阡能、罗浑擎、勾 僧、罗夫子、韩求这五个人而已,并不想殃及无辜的百姓。’”

间谍说:“回故乡是大伙儿的心愿,元帅能了解我们的苦衷,不追究我们的罪过,大伙儿怎会不欢欣雀跃的听元帅吩咐呢?”于是高仁厚遣送那人回阡能营地。

高仁厚翌日发兵,行军到双流(地名),把截使(检查站长官)白文现亲自迎接。高仁厚环顾军营四周的栅栏堑道,很生气的骂道:“阡能不过是个鄙贱的莽夫,手下的士兵也多半是耕田的农人,今天你率领全府的兵士,一年多来却无法擒服阡能。看到你营地重重的栅栏,难道你认为这样就能睡得着、吃得下,坐视贼寇壮大,而仍可厚着脸皮向朝廷邀功吗?”于是下令将白文现斩首,后经其他将领一再求情,高仁厚才收回成命。之后,高仁厚命人拆去所有栅栏,留五百士兵守卫,其余士兵都编入自己部队。又召集其他营寨的部队,一同出发征讨阡能。

阡能听说高仁厚发兵,就派遣罗浑擎在双流地区设立五个军寨,另在野桥菁埋伏千人迎战官军。

高仁厚得知阡能的计谋,就命人换上便服,偷偷混入敌营,暗中散布那天高仁厚曾对间谋所说的那番话。敌人的士兵听说可以回家,高兴得大声欢呼,纷纷放下武器投降,高仁厚对投降者都亲切的慰问,命人在他们背上写字,好让他们再去招降旁人。

罗浑擎见大势已去,只好由城沟中逃走,却被众人擒住,押到高仁厚面前。高仁厚将他押送督府处置,然后下令:“五军寨除旗帜留下外,其余一律焚毁。”

次日上午,高仁厚又对降兵说:“本帅本想立刻遣送你们返乡,但前路军寨的士兵并不了解本帅的心意。本帅想请各位为先锋,等大军到穿口、新津两处营寨时,将各位背上的字让当地守军看到,等到达北边的延贡,各位就可以回家了。”

于是以五十人编为一队,每队都发给罗浑擎的军旗一面,队前的掌旗官一面不断挥舞倒挂的军旗,一面大声叫道:“罗浑擎已被活捉,现已押送督府定罪,官军不久就会攻占此地,你们还不像我们一样,赶快投降,就可恢复良民的身份,平安无事。”

行至穿口,勾 僧在此设立了十一个军寨,寨中士兵争相投降,勾 僧大为震惊,拔剑想阻止众人投降,没想到众贼兵反以石块丢掷他,并且合力擒下他送 高仁厚,其余五千贼兵也全部投降。

第二天,高仁厚下令焚毁军寨,又命降兵举旗为先锋,来到新津,韩求在此所设置的十三个营寨全部投降,韩求也投沟自杀身亡。军士本想毁寨,高仁厚阻止说:“降兵还没有吃东西,先把寨中存粮运出后再焚寨。”

新降的贼兵,竟然自愿作饭与前来招降的降兵同桌共食,歌声笑语处处可闻,彻夜不绝。高仁厚命在双流,穿口等军寨投降的贼兵先行返乡,而以新津的降兵掌旗为前导,对他们说:“等进入邛州县境,你们也就可以各自回家了。”

罗夫子在延贡设置了九个军寨,在官军抵达延贡的前一晚,罗夫子寨中的贼兵,在看见新津降兵的营火时,就兴奋得整夜睡不着,准备投降了,等新津降兵到了之后,罗夫子只有弃寨投奔阡能。

罗夫子投奔阡能后,两人想尽全部兵力与高仁厚决一死战,然而计议一时未定。傍晚时,延贡降兵来到阡能营地前,阡能正骑在马上巡视军寨,见延贡降兵,想率兵攻击,哪知士兵全不听阡能指挥。第二天,官军到达营地时,众人把五花大绑的阡能,罗夫子押到高仁厚马前,一时间军士们欢声雷动。

高仁厚一共只花了六天的时间,就把阡能等五人全部歼灭。

[评译文]

高仁厚只不过是利用一名间谍散布消息,就使得贼兵争相投降;只不过是利用了几队降兵,而二十四个贼寨就已伸长脖子等待高仁厚的到来,准备投降了。这样的战功,哪里是只会以残酷手段对付敌人,以求功赏的人所能比的呢?

782、岳忠武

【原文】

杨幺为寇。岳飞所部皆西北人,不 水战。飞曰:“兵何常,顾用之何如耳!”先遣使招谕之,贼 黄佐曰:“岳节使号令如山,若与之敌,万无生理,不如往降,必善遇我。”遂降。飞单骑按其部,拊佐背曰:“子知逆顺者,果能立功,封侯岂足道,欲复遣子至湖中,视其可乘者擒之,可劝者招之,如何?”佐感泣,誓以死报。时张浚以都督军事至潭,参政席益与浚语,疑飞玩寇,[边批:庸才何知大计?欲以闻。]浚曰:“岳侯忠孝人也。兵有深机,何可易言?”益惭而止。黄佐袭周伦砦,杀伦,擒其统制陈贵等。会召浚还防秋。飞袖小图示浚,浚欲待来年议之。飞曰:“王四厢以王师攻水寇,则难;飞以水寇攻水寇,则易。水战,我短彼长,以所短攻所长,所以难;若因敌将用敌兵,夺其手足之助,离其腹心之托,使孤立,而后以王师乘之,八日之内,当俘诸酋。”浚许之。飞遂如鼎州。黄佐招杨钦来降,飞喜曰:“杨钦骁悍,既降,贼腹心溃矣!”

表授钦武义大夫,礼遇甚厚,乃复遣归湖中。两日,钦说全琮、刘锐等降,飞诡骂曰:“贼不尽降,何来也?”杖之,复令入湖。是夜掩敌营,降其众数万。幺负固不服,方浮舟湖中,以轮激水,其行如飞;旁置撞竿,官舟迎之,辄碎。飞伐君山木为巨筏,塞诸港汊,又以腐木乱草,浮上流而下。择水浅处,遣善骂者挑之,且行且骂。贼怒来追,则草壅积,舟轮碍不行,飞亟遣兵击之,贼奔港中,为筏所拒,官军乘筏,张牛革以蔽矢石,举巨木撞其舟,尽坏,幺投水中,牛皋擒斩。飞入贼垒,余酋惊曰:“何神也?”俱降,飞亲行诸砦慰抚之,纵老弱归籍,少壮为军,果八日而贼平。浚叹曰:“岳侯神算也!”

[按]

杨幺据洞庭,陆耕水战,楼船十余丈,官军徒仰视,不得近。岳飞谋亦欲造大舟,湖南运判薛弼谓岳曰:“若是,非岁月不胜。且彼之所长,[边批:名言可以触类。]可避而不可斗也。今大旱,河水落洪,若重购舟首,勿与战,遂筏断 路。藁其上流,使彼之长坐废。而骑直捣其垒,则彼坏在目前矣。”岳从之,遂平幺。人知岳侯神算,平幺于八日之间,而不知计出薛弼。从来名将名相,未有不资人以成功者。

岳忠武善以少击众,尝以八百人破群盗王善等五十万众于南薰门;以八千人破曹成十万众于桂岭;其战兀术于颍昌,则以背嵬八百,于朱仙镇则以五百,皆破其众十余万。凡有所举,尽召诸统制与谋,谋定而后战。故有战无败,猝遇敌,不动,敌人为之语曰:“撼山易,撼岳家军难!”

其御军严而有恩,卒有取民麻一缕以束刍者,立斩以徇。卒夜宿,民开门愿纳,无敢入者。军虽冻死不拆屋,饿死不卤掠。卒有疾,则亲为调药;诸将远戍,则遣妻问劳其家;死事者,哭之而育其孤,或以子婚其女;凡有颁赏,分给军吏,秋毫不私;每有功,必归之将士。吁!此则其制胜之本也。近日将官事事与忠武反,欲功成,得乎?

【译文】

南宋时杨幺(原名太,因初作乱时年纪幼少,楚人称年幼为幺,故称他为杨幺)盘据洞庭湖为乱,擅长水战。岳飞(字鹏举,曾大败金兵于朱仙镇,后以莫须有罪名被秦桧下狱死,年三十九,谥忠武)所属的部队多半是西北人,不习惯水战。

岳飞于是派人招降杨幺手下大将黄佐,说:“英雄不论出身,只要你愿意归降,本帅愿意重用你。”

黄佐暗想:“岳帅号令如山,若是与岳帅为敌,最后一定命丧岳军,不如投效岳帅,他必会善待重用我。”于是答应归降。

岳飞单身骑马来到黄佐营地探视黄佐,并且轻抚黄佐的肩膀说:“你能识时务必能立大功,日后何止是封侯拜爵而已,本帅想派你再回洞庭湖,所有那些贼众头目,如果有机可乘就活捉,或者劝他归降,如何?”黄佐被岳飞的信任与重用感动得流泪,发誓要以死报答岳飞。

这时张浚以都督军事来到此地,参政席益对张浚表示怀疑岳飞有轻敌之心。张浚说:“岳帅为人忠信诚正,再说军事机密,岂能轻易泄露?”席益听了,不禁为自己的鲁莽感到惭愧。

另一方面,黄佐袭击贼寇周伦,擒获统军陈贵等人。这时,皇帝召张浚回朝商议防秋(宋时突厥、契丹常在秋天入寇,故朝廷在此时调兵戍守边境,谓之“防秋”)。临行前,岳飞取出袖中的战略图给张浚看,想商议讨平杨幺的计划。张浚认为不妨等明年再讨贼,岳飞说:“王四厢用正规军打水寇,当然难打;末将用水寇打水寇,这仗就容易多了。打水仗不是我军的专长,以我军不擅长的水战与水寇对打,当然容易失败;若是先招降杨幺身边的大将,使杨幺孤立,再借贼将率贼兵攻打他们自家兄弟后,继之以官兵围剿,八天之内一定能擒服杨幺。”张浚于是同意岳飞出兵。

岳飞到鼎州后,黄佐已说服杨钦归降。岳飞高兴的说:“杨钦是杨幺身边的悍将,现在投顺我军,杨幺已众叛亲离了。”于是上表请求授杨钦武义大夫的官职,非常礼遇他。同样又让杨钦回洞庭湖为反间。

两天后,杨钦说服全琮、刘锐等人归降。岳飞见了他们,故意骂道:“贼人没有全部投降,你们来此地做什么?”命人鞭打他们,又命他们复回洞庭湖。这晚岳飞率兵偷袭贼营,虏获好几万名贼兵。

杨幺败得不服气,乘船从湖上逃逸。由于杨幺所搭乘的战船装有转轮,所以船行的速度好像飞一般;又因船边装置撞竿,官船一靠近,就被撞竿击得粉碎。岳飞命人砍伐巨木做成木筏堵在港口;又命人从上游抛置大量的腐木杂草,让其顺流而下;又挑选善于骂阵的兵士,在杨幺船行进到水浅的航道时,就边走边骂,让杨幺在盛怒下,顾不得水浅而下令船只追击。 

杨幺果然中计,结果船只遭到上游流放的杂草阻碍,动弹不得,岳飞立刻下令官兵攻击,贼兵纷纷窜逃入港,又遭港口的木筏所阻;官兵在木筏上架起牛皮,防止贼人用箭石攻击,一面用大木桩撞击贼船,杨幺见大势已去,投水时被牛皋擒获斩首。

岳飞进入贼营,残余的贼兵认为岳飞是神人,全部投降,岳飞亲自到各营寨安抚众人,释放老弱的贼兵回家,而年轻力壮的贼兵则编入正式部队,果然如他所说,八天内平服贼人,张浚叹服的说:“岳侯真是神算。”

[冯评译文]

杨幺盘据洞庭湖,在陆上耕种,水上作战,楼船高达十多丈,官军眼睁睁的看着杨幺横行,却无计可施。岳飞本想造大船征讨杨幺,但湖南运判薛弼(字直老,谥忠简)却劝阻岳飞说:“若要造大船,非要耗时一年半载不可;即使造好了船,水战仍是杨幺所擅长的。因此,我军只能避免水战而与杨幺斗智,才是致胜之道。现在正是天旱水枯,阻断 面,不要与贼人正面冲突,再从上游流放大量杂草困住船只,使贼人无法发挥水战的优势,一面派锐骑兵直攻贼营,贼人必败。”岳飞听从薛弼的建议,果然平定了杨幺,一般人都认为岳飞料事如神,能在八天之内平定杨幺,却不知是出自薛弼的计谋。从来名将名相,没有不借助他人而成功的。

岳飞擅长以寡击众。曾以八百人破贼人王善五十万人于南熏门,也曾以八千士兵在桂岭大破曹成的十万大军。以上所说的战役,事前岳飞都曾与统兵的将领商议,经过细密的计划才与贼人 战,所以战无不胜,即使遭到贼人突击,也不会自乱阵脚。敌人曾叹服说:“撼山易,撼岳家军难。”

岳飞带兵虽军令森严,却能以诚待兵。有一名士兵曾因偷取民家一束麻,而被军令处死,之后夜晚行军,虽民家开大门邀军士入屋住宿,也没有士兵敢接受民家招待。宁可冻死,也不强占民宅,宁可饿死,也不抢夺民粮。士兵生病,岳飞都亲自照料,如果戍守远地,岳飞一定要妻子分别到各士兵家,慰问他们家人的生活起居,凡是作战牺牲者,岳飞不但伤心流泪,并抚育他们的孤儿,或者代子求婚,每建战功,都归功所有将士。唉,这就是岳飞所以致胜的原因。

现在的将官,所言所行都与岳飞背道而行,还想成功吗?

783、李愬

【原文】

宪宗讨吴元济。唐 节度使高霞寓既败,袁滋代将,复无功。李愬求自试,遂为随唐 节度使。愬以军初伤夷,士气未完,乃不为斥候部伍。或有言者,愬曰:“贼方安袁公之宽,我不欲使震而备我。”乃令于军中曰:“天子知愬能忍耻,故委以抚养,战非我事也。[边批:能而示之不能。]齐人以愬名轻,果易之。

愬沉鸷,能推诚待士,贼来降,辄听其便,或父母与孤未葬者,给粟帛遣还,劳之曰:“而亦王人也,无弃亲戚。”众愿为愬死,故山川险易,与贼情伪,皆能晓之,[边批:虏在目中,不然不轻战。]居半岁,知士可用,乃请济师。于是缮铠厉兵,攻马鞍山。下之。拔道口栅,战楂枒山,以取炉冶城,平青陵城。擒骠将丁士良,异其才,不杀。署捉生将,士良策曰:“吴秀琳以数千兵不可破者,陈光洽为之谋也,我能为公取之。”乃擒以献,于是秀琳举文城栅降。遂以其众攻吴房,残外垣,始出攻。吏曰:“往亡日,法当避。”愬曰:“彼谓我不来,此可击也。”众决死战,贼乃走。或劝遂取吴房,愬曰:“不可,吴房拔,则贼力专,不若留之,以分其力。”

初,秀琳降,愬单骑抵栅下与语,亲释缚,署以为将。秀琳为愬策曰:“必破贼,非李祐无以成功者。”祐,贼健将也,守兴桥栅,其战常易官军。愬候祐护获于野,遣史用诚以壮士三百伏其旁,见羸卒若将燔聚者,祐果轻出,用诚擒而还。诸将素苦祐,请杀之,[边批:能苦诸将,定是有用之人。]愬不听,以为客将,间召祐及李忠义,屏人语至夜艾。忠义亦贼将,军中多谏此二人不可近。愬待益厚。乃募死士三千为突将,自教之。

会雨,自五月至七月不止,军中以为不杀祐之罚,[边批:不通。]将吏杂然不解,愬力不能独完祐,乃持以泣,曰:“天不欲平贼乎?何见夺者众耶?”则械而送之朝,表言:“必杀祐,无与共谋蔡者。”

诏释以还愬,愬乃令佩剑出入帐下,署六院兵马使,祐奉檄呜咽。诸将乃不敢言,由是始定袭蔡之谋矣。

[述评]

不械送祐,则谤者不息。此与司马懿祁山请战奉诏而止同一机轴,皆成言先入,度其必不迕而后行之者也。辛毗持节而蜀师老,李祐还幕而吴寇平,虽将之善,君亦与焉。

岳侯平杨幺,李愬克元济,无一不资才于敌,亦由威信素孚,操纵在手故也。后人漫然学之,鲜不堕敌之间矣!岑彭、费祎亡其身,俱为降人刺杀,曹瞒、苻坚亡其师,赤壁之役,操信黄盖之降以取败;淝水之战,降将朱序谋归晋,导晋败秦,彼皆老于兵事者,而犹如此,可不慎与?

李愬之将袭蔡也,旧令敢舍谍者族。愬刊其令,一切抚之,故谍者反效以情,愬益悉贼虚实。

[述评]

能用谍,不妨舍谍。然必先知谍,方能用谍;必能使民不隐谍,方能知谍;必恩威有以服民,方能使民不隐谍。呜呼,难言矣。

近有邑宰,急欲弭盗,谓诸盗往往获自妓家,必驱妓出境,乃清盗薮。夫妓家果薮盗,正宜留之,以为捕役耳目之径。若薮之境外,与薮之境内庸愈?假令盗薮民家,亦将尽民而驱之乎?不深严捕役之督,而求盗无薮,斯无策之甚者也。

时李光颜战数胜,元济率锐师屯洄曲以抗光颜。愬知其隙可乘,乃夜起师,祐以突将三千为前锋,李忠义副之,愬率中军三千,田进诚以下军殿,出文城栅,令曰:“引而东。”六十里止,袭张柴,歼其戍,敕士少休,益治鞍铠,发刃彀矢。会大雨雪,天晦,凛风偃旗裂肤,马皆缩栗,士抱戈冻死于道十一二。张柴之东,陂泽阻奥,众未尝蹈也,皆谓投不测,始发。吏请所向,愬曰:“入蔡州取吴元济。”[边批:抖然。]士失色,监军使者泣曰:“果落祐计。”然业从愬,人人不敢自为计。[边批:士有必死之心矣。]愬分轻兵断桥道,以绝洄曲道;又以兵绝郎山道。行七十里,夜半,至悬瓠城,雪甚。城旁皆鹅鹜池,愬令击之,以乱军声。贼吴房、郎山戍晏然无知者,祐等坎墉先登,众从之,杀门者开关,留持柝,传夜自如。黎明雪止,愬入驻元济外宅,蔡吏惊曰:“城陷矣!”元济尚不信,曰:“是洄曲子弟来索褚衣耳。”及闻号令,曰:“常侍传语。”始惊,曰:“何常侍得至此。”率左右登牙城。田进诚进兵薄之,愬计元济且望救于董重质,乃访其家慰安之,使无怖,以书召重质,重质以单骑白衣降。进诚火南门,元济请罪,梯而下,槛送京师。

【译文】

唐宪宗命唐 节度使高霞寓(熟知《春秋》及兵法)讨伐吴元济(曾与董重质共剽关东,后被李愬平定)失败后,又命袁滋代高霞寓为节度使讨贼,但仍徒劳无功。李愬(字元直,有谋略)自愿请伐吴贼,于是宪宗任命他为唐 节度使。

李愬认为官军在与吴贼 战失败后,士气尚未恢复,于是下令暂时停止斥堠出任务。有人对此提出疑义,李愬说:“贼人已习惯袁大人以宽仁带兵的作风而松懈防备,我不想打草惊蛇。”

接着又昭告全军:“皇上知我能隐忍,所以只委派我安抚军士的情绪,至于作战打仗,这不是我的职责。”贼人也因李愬的名号并不响亮,而有轻视之心。

其实李愬为人沉稳,能以诚待人。遇有贼人来降,李愬都任他们在营中自由 走动,从不予以监视或限制;遇有降者的亲友死在故乡的,就致赠金帛米粮,要他们回乡奔丧,并说:“你们也是天子的臣民,不可遗弃亲人。”众人被李愬的诚意所感动,都愿意为李愬效死命,所以有关贼人的军情及贼营的地形、兵力布置,李愬都了若指掌。

半年后,李愬见军士士气高昂,个个训练有素,知道时机成熟,就挥师攻敌。先攻马鞍山,破道口栅,战楂枒山,取炉沿城,平青陵城,擒获悍将丁士良。李愬怜惜他是将才,没有杀他。丁士良感激之余,献计说:“吴秀琳虽只有数千兵力,但官军屡攻不下,完全是因有陈光洽为他出主意,我愿意为李公擒下陈光洽。”果然,在丁士良擒服陈光洽后,吴秀琳在文城栅弃械投降。

于是李愬用贼兵攻吴房(县名),等破城后才再以官兵出击,此时有人劝李愬:“困战之兵,不可穷追。”李愬说:“正因贼人以为我不会紧追,才是我进攻的最佳时机。”众军士也愿意与贼人一决死战,将士用命之下,贼兵四处溃逃。有人建议干脆将吴房夷平,以杜绝贼人再度聚集。李愬说:“不可。夷平吴房,贼人的兵力就会集中,不如保留吴房,分散贼人兵力。”

当初,吴秀琳自缚投降时,李愬只身来到文城栅下,亲切地安慰,并亲自为他松绑,任命他为将领。吴秀琳也献计说:“要想破吴元济,非擒获李祐不可。”李祐是吴元济手下大将,负责防守兴桥栅,每次战役都迫使官军无功而返,不得不另行派兵进剿。李愬命将军用诚率领三百兵在李祐的营地附近的郊野埋伏,另派一些老兵,假作要攻击焚烧李祐的营地,李祐果然中计出兵,被用诚所俘。官军曾多次吃过李祐的苦头,请求李愬杀了他,但李愬没答应,反而以客将之礼待李祐,甚至屏退旁人,单独与李祐、李忠义两人谈到半夜,李忠义也是贼将。军官们纷纷劝说李愬,不可与此二贼将太过接近,李愬却反更加尊重礼遇二人。

另外,李愬也募集勇士三千人为突击兵,亲自督导训练。

正巧这期间,大雨不止,由五月一直下到七月。官军们传出“天雨不止是上天为责罚李愬不杀李祐”的谣言。由于官军们不能谅解李愬礼遇李祐等人的做法,因此士气低落,而杀敌平贼又不能只靠李愬一人。李愬无计可施下,只有命人把李祐关起来,哭着说:“难道是天意不让我平贼吗?为什么大家都反对我的做法呢?”说完,将李祐送 朝廷处置,并且上表奏请:“一定要杀李祐,否则无法与众军士共同袭灭吴元济。”

宪宗却下诏释回李祐,并命李祐辅佐李愬灭吴贼。李愬命李祐统领六院兵马(唐朝山南道兵,每天佩着剑出入帐下议事)。李祐手捧公文,不禁感动得流泪,其他官军也不敢再有反对意见。于是上下一心,共同商议袭击吴贼的计划。

[述评译文]

不把李祐上刑具送往京城,毁谤的话将不会止息,这和当年司马懿祁山请战,等奉到皇帝诏令即止,所用的机略是一样的,都是先把一切利害关系计算清楚,预估“计”之可行,一定能得到首肯,才放手一搏。就如辛毗传达圣旨之后,蜀国的军队就不堪作战了。

李祐重回李愬的帐下,贼寇就平定了,这固然是为将君的善于用兵,而知人善任的贤君,也是成事的原因。岳侯平杨幺、李愬灭吴元济,虽都是借贼将攻贼首,也是因为将帅本身素有威望,能服众人;再者早已掌握情势,才能克敌致胜。如果后人不衡量自身能力,只会依样画葫芦,难保不失败。像岑彭、费祎都是被降兵所杀,曹操盲信黄盖之降,苻坚也是因为降将朱序谋降南朝,导败秦,分别败于赤壁之役和淝水之战。他们都是沙场老将,熟于军事,尚且如此,后人能不谨慎小心吗?

李愬准备袭击蔡州时,早先曾有“窝藏间谍或知谍不报者一并处死”的律令,李愬撤消旧令,一律不予追究。密谍在感激下,反而提供军情给李愬,使他更加能掌握敌人的动静虚实。

[述评译文]

要能运用间谍,不妨让人窝藏间谍,但必须先查明间谍的所在,才能运用他们。只有能让百姓不窝藏间谍,才能查觉出他们的存在;只有对百姓恩威并济,才能使百姓不隐藏间谍。这其中的学问可大了!

有一县令想肃清境内的盗匪,认为既然以往曾多次在妓馆捕获盗匪,不如将妓女赶出县境,那么盗匪也就自然会销声匿迹了。如果盗匪常流连妓馆,不是正好给予捕役缉捕盗匪的线索,与其让盗匪聚集县外,不如让他们留在县内,好就近监视掌握。如果照那个逻辑,如果他们盘据民家,是否也要将全县的百姓驱逐出境呢?身为县令,不督责衙役尽力拘捕盗匪,反而只希望盗匪没有落脚的地方,真是没有头脑到极点了。

早先李光颜(字光远,谥忠)一连打了几次胜仗,吴元济率领兵驻扎洄曲,对抗李光颜。李愬知道有机可乘,就在半夜发兵,命李祐率三千突击兵担任前锋,以李忠义为副将协助之,自己亲率中军田进诚所属三千人压阵、支应。

出了文城栅后,李愬下达命令曰:“向东转,挺进六十里。”立即袭击张柴寨,彻底歼灭了防守的敌军,然后让部队稍作休息,整理马鞍,盔甲,磨利刀刃,准备好弓矢,待命出击。

这时天降大雪,天色晦暗,寒风凛烈,许多士兵都受不了严寒的气候,皮肤冻裂,连马也畏缩不前,士兵冻死在路上的也有十之一二。张柴寨之东,泥泽难行,没人走过这条路,大家都认为前途难测。

部队刚预备出帐幕,军吏前来请示目的地,李愬说:“入蔡州攻吴元济。”军士们一听,人人为之失色,监军也哭着说:“元帅果真中了李祐的圈套。”但话虽如此,士兵们仍抱着追随李愬出生入死的决心。李愬派出小部队破坏桥道,断绝洄曲的退路,又派兵切断朗山山道后,继续向前推进七十里,半夜时来到悬瓠城。这时大雪纷飞,城旁都是饲养鹅、骛的池塘,李愬命人惊扰鹅、骛,好遮掩兵马声,戌守的贼兵毫无知觉。李祐等人首先率众登城,杀城门守卫后,大开城门,但仍如平常般打更报时。

第二天天亮,大雪停了。李愬进入吴元济屯兵的外城,官吏才惊恐的大叫:“城已失陷了。”吴元济还不相信的说:“也许是洄曲的子弟兵前来领取棉衣吧。”等到听了传令兵说:“常侍有令。”才惊惧的问:“哪位常侍到此?”急忙率领亲信登上牙城。此时田进诚已领兵把他们 围住。

李愬判断,吴元济一定寄望董重质(性悍勇,善用兵)出兵救援,于是亲自到董家探访他的家人,安慰他们不要惊慌,并亲自写了一封招降书。董重质看了信后,身穿白衣,单骑来降。

田进诚于是火烧南门。吴元济见大势已去,下城梯请降,被关入牢车,押送京师。

784、赵充国

【原文】

先零、罕开皆西羌种,各有豪,数相攻击,成仇。匈连合诸羌,使解仇作约。充国料其到秋变必起,宜遣使行边预为备。于是两府白遣义渠安国行视诸边,分别善恶。安国至,召先零诸豪三十余人,以尤桀黠,皆斩之,纵兵击斩千余级,诸降羌悉叛,攻城邑,杀长吏。上问:“谁可将者。”充国对曰:“无逾于老臣者矣。”充国时年七十余。上问:“将军度羌虏何如?当用几人?”充国曰:“百闻不如一见,兵难隃度。臣愿驰至金城,图上方略。”充国至金城,须兵满万骑,方渡河,恐为虏所遮,即夜遣三校衔枚先渡,渡辄营阵。及明,以次尽渡。虏数十百骑来,出入军旁。充国意此骁骑难制,且恐为诱,戒军勿击,曰:“吾士马新倦,不可驰逐,击虏以殄灭为期,小利不足贪也。”遣骑候四望陿中(地名),亡虏。夜引兵至落都,谓诸校司马曰:“吾知羌无能为矣。使发数千人守杜四望、陿中,吾岂得入哉!”遂西至西部都尉府,日飨军士,士皆欲为用。虏数挑战,充国坚守。[边批:节节持重。]初罕开豪靡当儿使弟雕库来告都尉曰:“先零将反。”后数日,果反。雕库种人颇在先零中,都尉即留雕库为质。充国以为亡罪,遣归告种豪:“大兵诛有罪,毋取并灭,能相捕斩者,除罪:斩大豪有罪者一人,赐钱四十万,中豪十五万,下豪二万,大男三千,女子及老小千钱。又以所捕妻子财物与之。”欲以威信招降罕开及劫略者,解散虏谋。酒泉太守辛武贤上言:“今虏朝夕为寇,土地寒苦,汉马不能冬,可益马食,以七月上旬赍三十日粮,分兵并出张掖、酒泉,合击罕开。”天子下其议,充国以为:“驼负三十日食,又有衣装兵器,难以追逐。据前险,守后阨,以绝粮道,必有伤危之患。且先零首为畔逆,宜捐罕开暗昧之过,先诛先零以震动之。”朝议谓:”先零兵盛而负罕开之助,不先破罕开,则先零未可图。”[边批:似是而非。]天子遂敕充国进兵。充国上书谢罪,因陈利害曰:“臣闻兵法:‘攻不足者守有余。’‘善战者致人,不致于人。’即罕羌欲为寇,宜简练以俟其至,以逸代劳,必胜之道也。今释致虏之术,而从为虏所致之道,愚以为不便。先零羌欲为背畔。故与罕开解仇结约。然其私心,亦恐汉兵至而罕开背之。其计常欲先赴罕、开之急,以坚其约。先击罕羌,先零必助之。今虏马肥、食足,击之未见利,适使先零得施德于罕羌以坚其约。 坚势盛,附者寝多,臣恐国家之忧不二三岁而已。于臣之计,先诛先零,则罕开不烦兵而服;如其不服,须正月击之未晚。”上从充国议,充国引兵至先零,虏久屯聚,解弛,望见大军,弃车重,欲渡湟水,道阨狭,充国徐行驱之。[边批:又持重。]或曰:“逐利宜亟。”充国曰:“此穷寇,不可迫也,缓之则走不顾,急之则还致死。”诸校皆曰:“善。”虏赴水溺死数百,降及斩首五百余人。兵至罕地,令军毋燔聚落刍牧田中。罕羌闻之,喜曰:“汉果不击我矣。”豪靡忘来自归,充国赐饮食,遣还谕种人,时羌降者万余人。充国度羌必坏,请罢骑兵,留万人屯田,以待其敝。

【译文】

汉朝时,先零、罕开都是西羌种族,各有酋长,因彼此互相攻击而成仇家。后来匈联合其他羌族,互订盟约,解除仇恨。

赵充国认为到秋天马肥的时候,一定会发生羌变,建议先派使者去巡视边境的守卫部队,要他们预作防备,并监视羌族的行动,于是丞相和御史两府就私下派遣义渠安国(昭帝时官光禄大夫)去巡视羌人动态 ,了解他们逆顺的情形。

义渠安国到了羌地,便召集先零的各酋长共三十多人,将其中特别傲慢,不顺从的都杀了,还任由军队去攻击先零人,斩杀好几千羌人,各部族的羌人都起而反抗,杀死长吏,并夺取汉军的武器装备。

义渠安国回朝奏禀昭帝,昭帝说:“现在情势混乱,有谁可以任命为将军带兵平乱呢?”

赵充国回答说:“再没有比老臣更好的人选了。”充国时年七十余。

昭帝说:“将军能否预测目前羌人的势力、打算带多少兵马去?”

赵充国说:“百闻不如一见,打仗的事很难凭空设想。老臣想先到金城,再计划攻讨的方略。”

赵充国到了金城,征调一万名士兵想渡河,又怕遭到羌人截击,便趁夜派三个营士兵先悄悄渡河,渡了河后,立刻扎营防备羌人来犯。到了天亮,军士们已依次全部安然渡河,羌人发觉后,派了数百骑兵,在汉军左右出没扰。赵充国想羌骑一向骁勇善战,难以制服 ,再说这也可能是羌人诱敌之计,于是下令:“我军兵马刚渡河,已略有倦意,不必追击羌骑,攻击羌人要以消灭他们为目标,区区近百羌骑,不必着意贪求。”

赵充国一面派骑兵去侦察四望和陿中这两个地方,发现其中并无羌人出没。于是趁夜引兵到洛都,召集各部将领说:“我就知道羌人不善用兵,如果他们调派几千人防守四望和陿中,我军哪能向前推进呢?”于是向西推进到西部都尉府,日日飨宴军士,士卒都希望为他效力立功,羌人好几次前来挑衅,赵充国都下令坚守。

起初,罕开的酋长靡当儿派他的弟弟雕库来告诉都尉说:“先零人想造反。”过了几天,先零人果然叛变。但雕库的族人有许多也在先零的部队里,都尉便留下雕库做人质。赵充国认为雕库无罪,便放了他,要他回去告诉各酋长:“汉朝大军是来诛讨有罪的人,并不是要对所有的羌人赶尽杀绝,犯法的人如果能带罪立功,去斩杀其他犯罪的人,不但可以免罪,另外还可依功劳大小获赏:杀大头目者赐钱四十万,中头目十五万,小头目三万,男人三千,女子及老弱各赏一千,同时虏获的女子及财物也都完全归其所有。”

赵充国想凭借威信去招降羌人及那些被劫持而反叛的人,来瓦解羌人的谋。

酒泉太守辛武贤上奏说:“现在羌人早晚都来扰边境。羌地苦寒,汉马无法适应北地严酷的气候。不如在七月上旬,携带三十天的粮食,分别从张掖、酒泉,合攻罕开。”昭帝把奏章 给赵充国计议。赵充国认为,马匹背负三十天的粮食,再加上衣服,武器等装备,行军的速度一定追赶不上羌人,如果羌人再前据险要,后守厄塞,断绝官兵粮道,情势对官军会非常不利,一定会有伤亡危险的顾虑。再说首先谋反的是先零人,其他羌族只是受到先零的胁迫才作乱,所以赵充国认为应该把罕开附和先零反叛的愚昧过失,放在一边不追究,先对先零进行诛讨,以威服其他羌人。

然而群臣却认为先零兵力强大,又依恃罕开的帮助,如果不先击灭罕开,很难平服先零。

于是昭帝下令赵充国进攻罕开。赵充国上书请罪,剖陈利害,说:“臣听说《孙子兵法》上说过,‘兵力不足以进攻者就防守’,又说,‘善于作战的人,能掌握敌人,却不会被敌人所掌握’。现在羌人入寇,我们便应该整饬兵马,训练战士,以逸待劳,才是致胜之道;如今放弃制敌先机,落入敌人的战术,愚臣以为千万不可。先零想要反叛大汉,所以才和罕开化解过去的仇恨,订立盟约;但是他们心里也担心汉兵一来,罕开或许会背叛他们,所以先零希望汉军先攻打罕开,他们好出兵救助罕开,表示坚守彼此的盟约。现在羌马肥壮,粮食充足,我们出兵攻击,恐怕讨不到好处,只是正好让先零有机会有恩于罕开,更坚定他们之间的盟约,先零的势力就会日渐壮大,归附的羌人也会日渐增多。老臣担心那时候,先零会成为我朝的大患,将不只是二、三年的外患而已。依老臣之见,如果能先诛灭先零,即使不讨伐罕开,罕开也自然会归顺;万一先零已被诛灭,而罕开仍然不服,那么,到正月时再进攻也不迟。”昭帝接纳了赵充国的意见。

赵充国于是率兵进攻先零,先零因居安日久,已松懈防备,望见汉朝大军,纷纷丢下装备,想渡湟水逃命,由于道路狭隘,赵充国只紧蹑溃兵之后,徐徐驱赶,并不急着追赶,又持重。有人说:“追击先零逃兵,这正是建功的大好机会。”赵充国说:“这些都是走投无路的穷寇,不可以过分迫他们。慢慢的追赶他们,他们便会没命的逃走;但是如果急的话,他们或许会回过头来拚命的。”诸将都说有理。

结果羌人被水淹死的有好几百人,投降或被砍头的有五百多人。当汉军来到罕开人居住的地方,赵充国下令:不得烧毁他们的部落,也不可以到他们田里收割农作物或放牧马匹。罕羌听说此事,都很高兴的说:“汉军果然不是来灭绝我们的啊。”

羌酋靡忘于是自动前来归顺,赵充国赐他食物后,仍放他回去劝晓其他的族人。一时之间,有一万多名羌人请降,赵充国预料羌人会自行瓦解,所以遣回全部骑兵,并请准予留下一万名兵士在当地屯田,静待其变。

785、析公

【原文】

晋、楚遇于绕角,栾武子书不欲战。析公曰:“楚师轻窕,易震荡也。若多鼓钧声,以夜军之,楚师必遁。”晋人从之,楚师宵遁。

【译文】

春秋时,晋、楚两军在绕角相遇。栾武子(栾书)不想与楚军正面冲突。析公说:“楚军人心浮动,纪律松弛,很容易受外界的煽动。只要我军整夜军鼓声不断,好像随时要出兵攻敌,楚军一定受不了只闻鼓声,不见敌兵的心理压力而溃逃。”经过一夜 的军鼓声,楚人果真退兵。

786、王德用

【原文】

王德用为定州路总管,日训练士卒,久之,士殊可用。会契丹有谍者来觇,或请捕杀之。德用曰:“第舍之。吾正欲其以实还告,百战百胜,不如以不战胜也。”明日故大阅,士皆踊跃思奋,乃下令:“具糗粮,听吾旗鼓所问。”觇者归告,谓:“汉兵且大入。”遂来议和。

【译文】

宋朝人王德用(字元辅,谥武恭)出任定州路总管时,每天训练士卒,一段时日后,士卒都成为可用之兵。

正巧这时发觉有契丹间谍潜人,有人建议捕杀这些间谍。王德用却说:“先不急。我有妙计,可以使这些间谍回去后,把我们的实情报告给契丹王,所谓百战百胜,不如不战而胜。”

第二天,王德用下令举行阅兵大典,士卒们各个龙腾虎跃,大事准备马草军粮,全体军士都照着旗鼓所指的方向,摆出一副行将出兵对外远征的姿态。

契丹间谍赶紧回去复命,说宋军就要大举攻打契丹,于是契丹王立刻遣使向宋朝求和。

787、韩世忠

【原文】

广西贼曹成拥众在郴、邵,世忠既平闽寇,旋师永嘉,若将就休息者。忽由处信径至豫章,连营 滨数十里,群贼不虞其至,大惊,世忠遣人招之,成遂降,得战士八万。

【译文】

南宋时广西贼匪曹成在郴、邵一带聚众作乱,韩世忠在讨平福建盗寇后,立即班师回永嘉,好像不再有继续剿匪的计划。

有一天,韩世忠的大军突然由处信(地名)抄小路到豫章,在 边扎营,远远望去绵长数十里,都是韩世忠大军的营寨。贼人没想到韩世忠的军队会半路折返,大感惊恐,当韩世忠派人招降时,曹成立即投降,韩军获得了八万战士。

788、程昱

【原文】

程昱守鄄城,兵仅七百人。操闻袁绍在黎将南渡,欲以兵三千益之,昱不肯,曰:“袁绍拥十万众,自以所向无前,今见昱兵少,必不来攻。若益以兵,则必攻,攻则必克。”绍果以昱兵少,不肯攻,操谓贾诩曰:“程昱之胆,过于贲、育。”

[评]

七百与三千,均非十万敌也;而益兵之名,足以招寇。昱之见胜于曹公远矣!

【译文】

程昱(三国魏人,字仲德)戌守甄城,手下只有七百士兵。曹操听说袁绍有从黎渡河往南推进的计划,想再增调三千人守甄城。程昱说:“袁绍有十万兵力,自认兵多将勇无敌手,现在见我兵力,一定不屑攻甄城,若增加兵力,袁绍必会出兵,只要袁绍攻甄城,一定守不住。”后来,袁绍果真因甄城兵少而作罢。

事后,曹操对贾诩说:“程昱的胆识,比起孟贲、夏育(皆古代勇士0有过之而无不及。

[评译文]

七百与三千其实都不是十万大军的对手,但增兵的举动却足以招祸,由此看来,程昱的思虑要比曹操深远多了。

789、陆逊

【原文】

嘉禾三年,孙权北征,使陆逊与诸葛瑾攻襄。逊遣亲人韩扁赍表奉报,还遇敌于沔中,钞逻得扁。瑾闻之甚惧,书与逊云:“大驾已旋,贼得韩扁,具知我阔狭,且水干,宜当急去。”逊未答,方催人种葑豆,与诸将奕棋射戏如常,瑾曰:“伯言多智略,其当有以。”自来见逊,逊曰:“贼知大驾已旋,无所复蹙,得专力于吾,又已守要害之处,兵将已动,且当自定以安之,施设变术,然后出耳。今便示退,贼当谓吾怖,仍来相蹙,必败之势!”乃密与瑾立计,令瑾督舟船。逊悉上兵马,以向襄城,敌素惮逊,遽还赴城,瑾便引舟出,逊徐整部伍,张拓声势,走趋船。敌不敢干,全军而退。

【译文】

嘉禾五年,孙权北征,命陆逊与诸葛瑾攻襄。陆逊派亲信韩扁专程持表章奏报孙权,在回营途中遇敌被俘。消息传来,诸葛瑾害怕韩扁泄露军情,于是在写给陆逊的信上说:“吴主已班师,贼人俘获韩扁,已知我军虚实,现在又逢天旱水枯,情势对我军不利,应速退兵。”陆逊得信后,并不回信,一面催人种蔓菁菜,一面如平日般与诸将下棋、射箭。

诸葛瑾说:“伯言为人聪明多智谋,他一定有办法解决困境,我这就去见他。”陆逊说:“贼人已知吴王班师,不会担心吴王来攻,现在只需专心对付我们。加上他们据守险要,我军士兵军心已见动摇,现在只有力持镇静,才能稳定军心,再计划突围;如果现在骤然下令退兵,贼人就会知道我们害怕而加紧进攻,那么我军一定溃败。”于是与诸葛瑾密商大计,诸葛瑾率军走水路,陆逊率军走陆路,同时朝襄方向推进。

敌人一向震服陆逊的威名,见陆逊军朝襄方向来,立即严守襄,诸葛瑾率船队由水路出发,陆逊慢慢率军一面虚张声势,一面向船队靠近,一一登船,敌人不敢进,于是全军安然而返。

790、高仁厚

【原文】

高仁厚攻东川杨师立。夜二鼓,贼 郑君雄等出劲兵掩击城北副使寨。杨茂言不能御,帅众弃寨走;其旁寨见副走,亦走。贼直薄中军,仁厚令大开寨门,设炬火照之,自帅士卒为两翼,伏道左右。贼见门开,不敢入,还去,仁厚发伏击之。贼大败。

仁厚念诸弃寨者所当诛杀甚众,乃密召孔目官张韶,谕之曰:“尔速遣步探子将数十人,分道追走者,自以尔意谕之曰:“仆射幸不出寨,皆不知,汝曹速归,来旦,牙参如常,勿忧也。”[边批:不唯省事,且积德。]韶素长者,众信之,[边批:择而使之。]至四鼓,皆还寨,唯杨茂言走至张把,乃追及之。仁厚闻诸寨漏鼓如初,喜曰:“悉归矣。”诘旦,诸将牙集,以为仁厚诚不知也,坐良久,谓茂言曰:“昨夜闻副使身先士卒,走至张把,有诸?”对曰:“闻贼攻中军,左右言仆射已去,遂策马骖随,既而审其虚,乃复还耳。”曰:“仁厚与副使俱受命天子,将兵讨贼,若仁厚先走,副使当叱下马,行军法,代总军事,然后奏闻,[边批:近日辽之役,制闲者若识此一看,何至身名俱丧?]今副使既先走,又为欺罔,理当何如?”茂言拱手曰:“当死。”仁厚曰:“然。”命左右扶下斩之。诸将股栗,仁厚乃召昨夜所获俘虏数十人,释缚纵归。群雄闻之惧,曰:“彼军法严整如是,又可犯乎?”自是兵不复出。后君雄斩师立,出降。

[评议]

孙武戮 姬以徇阵,穰苴斩幸臣(齐景幸臣庄贾)以立法。法行则将尊,将尊则士致死。士有必死之气,则敌有必败之形矣。仁厚用法固善,尤妙在遣张韶一事,不尽杀之,威胜于尽杀,更驱而用之,不患逃卒不尽为死士也!

孙武子齐人,以兵法见于吴王阖庐,阖庐曰:“子之十三篇,吾尽观之矣,可以小试勒兵乎?”对曰:“可。”阖庐曰:“可试以妇人乎?”曰:“可。”于是出宫中美女 ,得百八十人,孙子分为二队,以王之 姬二人各为队长,皆令持戟。令之曰:“汝知而心与左右手、背乎?”妇人曰:“知之。”孙子曰:“前则视心,左视左手,右视右手,后即视背。”妇人曰:“诺。”约束既布,乃设斧钺,即三令五申之,于是鼓之右,妇人大笑。孙子曰:“约束不明,申令不熟,将之罪也。”复三令五申,而鼓之左,妇人复大笑。孙子曰:“约束不明,申令不熟,将之罪也,既已明,而不如法者,吏士之罪也。”乃欲斩左右队长,吴王从台上观,见且斩爱姬,大骇,趣使使下令曰:“寡人知将军能用兵矣,寡人非此二姬,食不甘味,愿勿斩也。”孙子曰:“臣既已受命为将,将在军,君命有所不受。”遂斩队长二人以徇,用其次为队长,于是复鼓之,妇人左右前后跪起皆中规矩绳墨,无敢出声。于是孙子使使报王曰:“兵既整齐,王可试下观之,唯王所欲用,虽赴水火犹可也。”吴王曰:“将军罢休就舍,寡人不愿下观。”孙子曰:“王徒好其言,不能用其实。”于是阖庐知孙子能用兵,卒以为将,西破强楚,入郢,北威齐、晋,显名诸侯,孙子与有力焉。

齐景公时,师败于燕、晋,晏婴荐司马穰苴,公以为将军。穰苴曰:“臣素卑贱,人微权轻,[边批:实话。]愿得君之 臣以监军。”[边批:少不得下次一着。]公使庄贾往。苴与贾约,日中会于军门,苴先驰至军,立表下漏待贾,夕时贾始至,苴曰:“何后期?”贾曰:“亲戚送之,故留。”苴曰:“将受命之日,则忘其家;临军约束,则忘其亲;援枹鼓之急,則忘其身。何相送乎?”召軍正問曰:“軍法期而后至,雲何?”對曰:“當斬。”賈始懼,使人馳報景公求救。未及返,遂斬賈以徇三軍。久之,公遣使者持節赦賈,馳入軍中,穰苴曰:“將在軍,君命有所不受。”問軍正曰:“軍中不馳。今使者馳,雲何?”對曰:“當斬。”苴曰:“君之使不可斬。”乃斬其僕,車之左駙,馬之左驂,以徇三軍。乃閲士卒,次舍井竈飲食,問疾醫藥,身自撫循之,悉取將軍之資糧饗士卒,而最比其羸弱者,三日而后勒兵,于是病者皆求行,爭出赴戰,大敗晉師。

【译文】

高仁厚攻打东川杨师立。夜晚二更时分,敌将郑君雄等出动兵突击,城北副使杨茂言见敌势太盛无法抵御,于是弃城逃逸,其他营寨见副使逃走,也纷纷丢下武器逃命。贼人直攻中军。高仁厚命人大开寨门,并且点燃火炬,亲自领军埋伏两侧,贼人见寨门大开,反而不敢入寨,正准备离去时,高仁厚立即命埋伏的士兵围攻,贼人大败。

贼退后,高仁厚顾念如果按律处置弃城逃走的军士,势必诛杀太多,于是密召张诏,对他说:“你赶快派探子数十人,分头追赶逃走的士兵。”就用你的话说:“元帅那晚不在营寨,所以根本不知道你们溃逃的事,你们赶紧回营,明天照常守卫,不要担心。”张诏一向是宽厚长者,众人都相信他的话,认为元帅真的离营外出,于是四更时分,溃逃的士兵都已回营,只有杨茂言一直追到张把这地方才拦下他。

高仁厚听到各营寨的更鼓声如平常,很高兴的说:“他们都回来了。”

第二天,各将领齐集军署,以为高仁厚完全不知昨夜的事。许久之后,高仁厚对杨茂言说:“听说昨晚副使身先士卒,逃到张把,可有此事?”杨茂言答:“听说贼人攻打中军,左右说元帅离营,于是末将才骑马追赶保护元帅。不久,发觉传闻错误,就立刻回营。”高仁厚说:“仁厚与副使都受皇命率兵讨贼,若本帅离营,副使该叱责立即命仁厚下马,以军法论处,然后代行本帅统军之职,并将事件经过呈报朝廷。现在副使逃走在先,又说谎欺骗在后,该当何罪?”杨茂言拱手说:“该死。”高仁厚说:“好。”命左右拖下斩首,其他将领不由心惊肉跳,不敢言语。

高仁厚召来前夜所俘获的数十贼兵,命人松绑,放他们回去。贼人听说高仁厚罪斩副使的事后说:“高帅军纪如此严明,怎能随意攻打?”从此不再出兵。不久,郑君雄斩杨师立后归降。

[述评译文]

孙武杀吴王 姬树立军纪,禳苴(即司马禳苴,春秋齐人,姓田,曾为大司马,故称司马禳苴)杀齐景幸臣(指庄贾)确立法纪。执法以严,将帅才能树立威信,受人尊敬;将尊,才有肯效死命的士卒;士卒有抱死一战的决心,不用 战,敌人也已处于溃败的困境了。高仁厚斩副使明军纪,但最高明的地方是利用张诏传话,不尽杀逃兵,而威信更胜于尽杀;日后再命逃兵任事,不怕他们不尽力效死命。

孙武出身齐国,精通兵法,因而吴王阖庐(阖闾)特别召见他说:“先生所著的兵法十三篇,寡人已全部读过一遍了,先生能不能照兵法中所说的为寡人练兵来演示一次看看?”孙武说:“可以。”吴王说:“可以用妇女吗?”说:“可以。”于是吴王挑选官中美女 一百八十人。孙武首先把宫女分成两队,分别任命吴王的两位 妃为队长,命每位宫女手持矛槍,说:“你们都知道胸部、左手、右手、后背吧?”宫女说:“知道。”孙武说:“那么当我喊‘前’时,你们就看胸部,喊‘左’时你们就看左手,喊‘右’时你们就看右手,喊‘后’时你们就回头看,都听懂了吗?”宫女说:“听懂了。”

孙武向宫女解释完了之后,就拿出刑具,随后再三令五申的告诫,于是孙武击鼓喊‘右’,宫女们竟哈哈大笑起来。孙武说:“你们不明白我的号令,这是我的错。”于是孙武再度解释号令与动作,可是当他第二次击鼓喊‘左’时,宫女们仍站在原地哈哈大笑。孙武说:“刚才你们不明白动作、号令,可能是因我解释得不够明白,这次你们已完全明白号令,仍不按照号令去做,这就是队长的责任。”于是下令斩左右队长。

吴王在阅兵台上观看,一见自己 妃要被处斩,就立即派人阻止孙武说:“寡人已经知道先生是位练兵的人才,请先生千万不要处死寡人的两位 妃,寡人没有这两位 妃,会寝不安眠,食不甘味。”

孙武说:“臣既受君命为将领,将在军中可以不接受君主的命令。”说完命人把左右队长处斩,另立两名宫女为队长。接着再打鼓发号令,这时再也没有宫女敢发出笑声,左、右、前、后、曲膝、卧倒都合乎号令要求,非常整齐。于是孙武对吴王说:“兵已练好,请大王校阅,只要大王一声令下,他们赴汤蹈火也无所畏惧。”吴王说:“不必再校阅了,先生辛苦了,请先回宫休息吧。”孙武说:“看来大王只是喜欢臣兵法的理论,却不肯采用这理论所表现的事实。”吴王听了,知道孙武确实是位杰出的军事家,任命他为大将,后来吴国西破强楚,进兵楚国都城郢、北服齐、晋,威震诸侯,全得力于孙武的军事天才。

齐景公时,晋燕两国大败齐军。宰相晏婴向景公推荐禳苴,景公命他为大将。禳苴说:“微

臣出身卑贱,在一朝之间拜为大将,深恐将士心有不服,而无实权指挥士兵。请大王另派 臣担任监军,借 臣权威,如此臣才能指挥自如。齐景公派庄贾为监军。禳苴和庄贾约定:“明天中午在军营会面。”

第二天,禳苴先骑马来到军营,看着日晷和水漏,等庄贾来,直到傍晚才见庄贾骑马赶来,禳苴说:“为什么这么晚才来?”庄贾说:“亲友为我设酒宴饯行,所以迟到了。”禳苴说:“身为领兵大将,接到军令就要忘家,到达军营下达军令就要忘亲,听到进攻的战鼓就要忘身,怎能参加饯别酒宴呢?”于是召军法官问说:“按军法规定,因不守时贻误军机,该当何罪?”答说:“当斩。”此语一出,庄贾才吓得全身发抖,立刻派人向景公求救。使者还没回来,禳苴已将庄贾斩首。不久,齐景公派使者令禳苴释放庄贾,禳苴说:“将在军中,可以不接受君王的命令。”说完又召来军法官问说:“军营中有不能乘坐马车的规定,现在大王使者乘坐马车在军营奔驰,按军法该当何罪?”军法官说:“处斩。”禳苴说:“大王的使臣不能杀。”于是下令砍断左驸(车夫所持之木),把车夫以及左边的副马都处斩,以维护军纪。接着校阅大军准备出征。

凡有关士兵的住宿和饮食都亲自照料,尤其对伤兵更是特别注意医疗,把自己的军粮、薪饷,全部拿出来犒赏士兵,而自己平日的伙食,却比照军中最瘦弱、饭量最小的士兵来计算。如此经过三天,当禳苴再校阅军队时,就连伤兵也都自动请求出战,甘心为他效命沙场,于是大败晋军。

79!”、李光弼

【原文】

史思明屯兵于河清,欲绝光弼粮道。光弼军于野水渡以备之。既夕,还河,留兵千人,使将雍希颢守其栅,曰:“贼将高廷晖、李日越,皆万人敌也,至勿与战,降则俱来。”诸将莫谕其意,皆窃笑之。既而思明果谓日越曰:“李光弼长于凭城,今出在野,汝以铁骑宵济,为我取之,不得,则勿反。”日越将五百骑,晨至栅下,问曰:“司空在乎?”希颢曰:“夜去矣。”日越曰:“失光弼而得希颢,吾死必矣!”遂请降,希颢与之俱见光弼。光弼厚待之,任以心腹。高廷晖闻之,亦降。或问光弼:“降二将何易也?”光弼曰:“思明常恨不得野战,闻我在外,以为可必取。日越不获我,势不敢归;廷晖才过于日越,闻日越被 任,必思夺之矣。”

[评]

《传》云:“作事威克其爱,虽小必济!”然过威亦复偾事,史思明是也。

【译文】

唐朝时史思明在河清屯兵,想阻断官军李光弼的粮食供应。李光弼得悉敌情,陈兵野水渡,以备应变。

夜晚,李光弼回到河,只命雍希颢率领一千多名士兵防守野水渡,交代他们说:“贼将高廷晖、李日越虽都是力敌万人的勇将,一定坚守营寨,不要同他们作战;但若他们来投降,可以一起来见我。”众将官不理解李光弼的意思,暗自窃笑。

不久,史思明果真对李日越说:“李光弼善于城市防守作战,今天他移师郊野,正是生擒他的大好机会。你带五百骑兵,替我把他抓来,抓不到不准回来见我。”

第二天,李日越带了五百骑兵来到野水渡,大叫说:“司空在吗?”

雍希颢说:“元帅昨晚已离营回城去了。”

李日越暗想:“用雍希颢代李光弼,回去史思明一定会杀了我,我还是投降算了。”

于是与雍希颢一同去见李光弼,李光弼待他如心腹,非常礼遇他。高廷晖听说李日越受到李光弼的重用之后,也主动投降。

有人问李光弼,用什么方法,这么容易就让两名贼将投降,李光弼说:“史思明常埋怨没有与我野战的机会,听说我移师郊野,心想终于等到可以生擒我的机会,李日越抓不到我,就一定不敢回营见史思明,只有投降;高廷晖的才略胜过李日越,听说李日越投降后仍受到重用,一定心有未甘,想取代李日越,所以也一定会投降。”

二十二 制胜有道

【原文】

危事无恒,方随病设。躁或胜寒,静或胜热。动于九天,入于九渊。风雨在手,百战无前。集“制胜”。

【译文】

兵事变化无常,犹如医生为病人开处方时,必须依据不同的病情,以躁制寒,以静克热;兵家论战也一样,必须根据现场急剧变化的战况,拟订最有利的战略。

792、孙膑

【原文】

孙子同齐使之齐,客田忌所。忌数与齐诸公子逐射,孙子见其马足不甚相远,马有上、中、下,乃谓忌曰:“君第重射,臣能令君胜。”忌然之,与王及诸公子逐射千金。及临质,孙子曰:“今以君之下驷与彼上驷,取君上驷与彼中驷,取君中驷与彼下驷。”既驰三辈毕,而田忌一不胜而再胜,卒得五千金。

[述评]

唐太宗尝言:“自少经略四方,颇知用兵之要,每观敌阵,则知其强弱。常以吾弱当其强,强当其弱。彼乘吾弱,奔逐不过数百步;吾乘其弱,必出其阵后,反而击之,无不溃败。” 盖用孙子之术也。

宋高宗问吴璘以胜敌之术。璘曰:“弱者出戰,強者繼之。”高宗亦曰:“此孫臏駟馬之法。”

魏伐赵,赵急请救于齐。齐威王欲将孙膑,膑以刑余辞,乃将田忌,而孙子为师,居辎车中,坐为计谋。田忌欲引兵救赵,孙子曰:“夫解纷者不控卷,救斗者不搏撠;批亢捣虚,形格势禁,则自为解耳。今梁、赵相攻,轻兵锐卒必尽于外,老弱罢于内,君不若引兵疾走大梁,冲其方虚,[边批:致人。]彼必释赵而自救,是我一举解赵之困,而收弊于魏也。”忌从之,魏果去邯郸,与齐战于桂陵,[边批:致于人。]大破梁军。

【译文】

孙膑(战国齐人,与庞涓一起在鬼谷子门下学兵法)与齐国使臣一起回到齐国,成为齐国大将田忌(战国齐将,曾大败魏军于马陵,杀魏将庞涓)门下的宾客。田忌生性好赌,经常和齐国公子们赌赛马 。

孙膑发觉双方出赛的马匹分上、中、下三级,而同级的马匹彼此间差别不大。于是对田忌说:“将军再赛一场,我有绝对的把握能使将军获胜。”田忌一听这话非常高兴,因此不仅与诸公子对赌,也邀请齐王下注,赌金高达千金之多。

正式比赛那天,孙膑对田忌说:“将军用下等的马,跟对方最好的马配成一组比赛,然后再用跑得最快的马和对方中等马比赛,而将军中等马跟对方下等马比赛,这样一来,将军就能以二比一获胜。”

果然,三场比赛中,田忌输了一场,胜了两场,获得奖金五千金。

[述评译文]

唐太宗曾说:“为了保家卫国、拓张疆土,使朕颇知用兵之道,每次察看敌军阵势,就知道对方兵力的强弱。我经常先以弱兵御强,再以强兵攻弱,敌人趁我兵弱追击,不过只能向前推进数百步,而我以强兵攻敌之弱时,往往出现在敌军阵势之后,突袭敌军,所以敌军没有不溃散的。”这就是运用孙膑的战略。

宋高宗也曾询问大将吴璘致胜的战术,吴璘说:“我先以弱兵诱敌,等敌军疲惫气衰,再以强兵攻敌。”这也是运用孙膑的战术。

魏国大举攻赵,赵国急忙派使者向齐国紧急求援。齐王本打算派孙膑为主将,可是孙膑却以“刑余之身”为由谢绝,于是齐王改派田忌为主将,任命孙膑为军师,让他坐在车中谋划指挥。

田忌本想立即率兵救赵,孙膑谏阻说:“用兵有如解乱麻,不可 扯硬拉,援兵救赵有如劝架,不可鲁莽持戟与人搏斗,只要攻击敌人要害,自然会出现有利我军的形势。现在魏、赵两国互相攻伐,强兵劲卒必定倾国而出,留在国内的只是一些老弱残兵,将军不如发动大军攻击魏国首都大梁。蹈其空虚,魏军一定会停止攻打赵国,班师回国救援,这样我们可以一举解除赵国的围困,又可坐收魏国兵疲力竭的利益。”

田忌采纳孙膑的意见,不久魏军果然自邯战退兵,在仓皇中回国救援魏都,和齐军在桂陵发生激战。魏军大败。

793、赵奢

【原文】

秦伐韩,军于阏与。赵王问廉颇:“韩可救否?”对曰:“道远险狭,难救。”又问乐乘,如颇言。及问赵奢,奢对曰:“道远险狭,譬之两鼠斗于穴中,将勇者胜。”乃遣奢将而往,去邯郸三十里,而令军中曰:“有以军事谏者,死。”[边批:主意已定,不欲惑乱军心也。]秦军军武安西,鼓噪勒兵,屋瓦皆振。军中候有一人言急救武安,奢立斩之,坚壁留二十八日,不行,复益增垒。[边批:坚秦人之心。]秦间来入,奢善食而遣之,间以报秦将,秦将大喜曰:“夫去国三十里而军不行,乃增垒,阏与非赵地也!”奢既遣秦间,乃卷甲而趣之,一日一夜 至。[边批:出其不意。]令善射者去阏与五十里而军,军垒成,秦人闻之,悉甲而至。军士许历请以军事谏,奢曰:“内之。”许历曰:“秦人不意赵师至,此其来气盛,将军必厚集其阵以待之,不然必败。”奢许诺,许历请就诛,奢曰:“胥后令。”至欲战,历复请谏,曰:“先据北山上者胜,后至者败。”奢许诺,即发万人趋之,秦兵后至,争山不得上,奢纵兵击之,大破秦军,遂解阏与之围。

[评]

孙子曰:“反间者,因敌间而用之。”又曰:“我得亦利,彼得亦利,为争地。”阏与之捷是也。许历智士,不闻复以战功显,何哉?于汉广武君亦然。

【译文】

秦国为攻打韩国,先进占赵国的阏与。赵王首先召见廉颇,问:“寡人想派兵救援阏与,依贤卿看能否救得了?”廉颇回答:“路途遥远再加上道路艰险陕隘,难以救援。”赵王又问大臣乐乘,他的意见也和廉颇相同。最后赵王再问赵奢(战国赵人,因破秦军,赐号马服君),赵奢回答说:“阏与确实离国都很远,地势也确实艰险狭隘,派援军与秦军 战,就好像是两只老鼠在洞穴里打斗,不过大王如能派一员勇将,仍旧能击溃秦军获得胜利。”于是赵王命赵奢率兵营救阏与。

赵奢率军行进到距邯郸三十里的地方时,突然下令:“凡敢以军事进谏者,不论官阶高低,一律处死。”当时秦军驻扎在武安的西方,战鼓响彻云霄,士兵喊杀的声音,几乎把武安城内的屋瓦都震落下来。有一名斥堠建议赵奢:“请将军发兵救武安。”赵奢立刻将他处死。下令全军加强防御之事,一连二十八天按兵不动,只是一味加强整饬防备。

秦军派间谍混入赵营,赵奢招待他吃喝后,又送他回去,间谍回到秦军后据实以告,秦将十分高兴的说:“赵军刚离开国境三十里,就畏惧不敢前进,只是筑垒挖沟,看来赵国是要把阏与拱手送给我国了。”

赵奢在送走秦军间谍后,却突然下令士兵整装疾速向阏与推进,仅一天一夜 ,大军就在距离阏与五十里处扎营,部署阵势。秦军接到情报,下令全军进攻。军士许历请求发表意见,赵奢答应他的请求。许历说:“秦人绝对料想不到我军兵马会在这么短的时间内到达此地,他们此次的攻击一定来势凶猛,将军一定要严阵以待。否则,这一仗必败。”赵奢说:“你这话很有道理。”许历请处以死刑,以明违令进谏之罪。”赵奢说:“听候命令即可。”

到快要开仗前,许历又说:“两国军队谁能先占领北山头,谁就胜利,谁迟一步谁就失败。”赵奢认为许历的见解很高明,就派一万士兵占领北山头,秦军也想攻占,却迟了一步。这时赵奢下令全面攻击,秦军大败,成功的解除了阏与之围。

[评译文]

孙子说:“反间的意义,是在善于利用敌人派遣的间谍。”又说:“所谓兵家必争之地,就是我军占据对我有利,敌军占据对敌有利的地方。”阏与大捷,就是体现上面两句军事原则的实例。

许历是一位智谋之士,后来再没有立功的消息,这是什么缘故呢?汉代的李左车(广武君)的遭遇也一样。

794、李牧

【原文】

李牧,赵北边良将也。尝居雁门备匈,以便宜置吏,市租皆输入幕府,为士卒费。日击牛飨士, 骑射、谨烽火、多间谍、厚遇战士,为约曰:“匈即入盗,急入收保,有敢捕虏者,斩。”如此数岁,匈以牧为怯,虽赵边兵亦以为吾将怯。赵王让李牧,牧如故;赵王怒,召之,使他人代将。岁余,匈每来,出战数不利,失亡多,边不得田畜。乃复请李牧。牧固称疾,赵王强起之,牧曰:“必用臣,臣如前,乃可奉令。”王许之,李牧如故约。匈终岁无所得,然终以为怯。边士日得赏赐而不用,皆愿一战。于是乃具选车,得千三百乘,选骑得万三千匹,百金之士五万人,彀者十万人,悉勒 战。大纵畜牧,人民满野。匈小入,佯北,以数千委之,单于闻之,大率众来入,牧多为奇阵,张左右翼击之,大破,杀匈十余万骑,单于奔走,其后十余岁,不敢近边。

[评]

厚其遇,故其报重;蓄其气,故气发猛。故名将用死士之力,往往一试而不再、亦一试而不必再也!今之所谓兵者,除一二家丁外,率丐而甲,尪而立者耳。呜呼!尪也,丐也,又多乎哉!

【译文】

李牧(战国赵人,以功封武安君)是赵国戌守北方边境的大将。

他曾经驻守雁门,防御匈。他有权依现实的情况设置官吏,租税都缴入幕府,做为犒赏士兵的费用。每天宰杀牛只为士兵加菜、又加强训练士兵骑马射箭的技巧,留心敌人动向,常派间谍刺探军情,并与士兵约法:“匈即将入侵,要加紧保护牲畜,但不可与匈人正面冲突,违者斩首。”因此每当匈人侵扰边境,李牧的兵士就驱赶牲畜回营,不肯作战。如此过了几年,匈人都认为李牧胆子小,不敢与匈 战,甚至连赵国本身镇守边境的士兵也这么看。

赵王下令责备他,李牧仍一如往昔,赵王终于生气,派其他的将领取代他。经过一年多,每次出战都失利,损伤众多,边境多事,根本无法耕种、放牧,不得已赵王只有再度任命李牧。李牧称病推辞,赵王再三的请托,李牧说:“如果大王一定要用臣,必先请大王准许臣如昔日一样的做法,臣才敢受命。”赵王答应他。

李牧来到边境,又如以往般和士兵约定不可与匈冲突,匈虽几年间都一无所获,但始终认为李牧胆怯,边境的士兵每天都得到李牧的赏赐,却没有立功报答的机会,都希望能上战场作战。

李牧见时机成熟,就挑选坚固的战车一千三百辆,良马一万三千匹,能擒敌杀将的勇士五万人,神箭手十万人,要求他们加强训练。一面又任意放牧牲畜,要百姓四散于郊外,当前来侵扰的匈人少时,就装退败让数千人被擒,单于听到消息,以为良机可趁,遂率领大军入侵,李牧排列许多奇阵,指挥左、右二军夹攻,大破匈十多万大军,单于奔逃而去,往后十多年间,不敢再侵犯赵国边境。

[评译文]

对待部属愈是仁厚有如自家人,部属报答之心也愈是深切,能凝聚士兵奋勇作战的士气,才能一发而气势威猛。古代名将往往只须一次的战役就能定胜负了,不必一战再战。反观今天所谓带兵的将领,除了拥有一两名亲信部属外,其余的士兵都是带人不带心,有如外借之兵。唉,兵多又有什么用呢?

795、周亚夫

【原文】

吴、楚反,景帝拜周亚夫太尉击之。既发,至霸上,赵涉遮说之曰:“吴王怀辑死士久矣,此知将军且行,必置人于淆、黾陿厄之间。且兵事尚神密,将军何不从此右去,走蓝田,出武关,抵洛,间不过差一二日,直入武库,击鸣鼓,诸侯闻之,以为将军从天而下也。”太尉如其计,至洛,使搜淆,黾间,果得伏兵。

太尉会兵荥,坚壁不出。吴方攻梁急,梁请救,太尉守便宜,欲以梁委吴,不肯往。梁王上书自言,帝使使诏救梁,太尉亦不奉诏,而使轻骑兵绝吴、楚后,吴兵求战不得,饿而走,太尉出兵击破之。

[述评]

吴王之初发也,其大将田禄伯曰:“兵屯聚而西,无他奇道,难以立功,臣愿得五万人,别循 、淮而上,收淮南、长沙,入武关,与大王会,此亦一奇也。”[边批:魏延子午谷之计相似。]吴太子谏曰:“王以反为名,若借人兵,亦且反王。”[边批:何不谏他勿反。]于是吴王不许。少将桓将军说王曰:“吴多步兵,利险;汉多车骑,利平地。愿大王所过城不下,直去疾西,据咸武库,食敖仓粟,阻山河之险,以令诸侯,虽无入关,天下固已定矣,大王徐行,留下城邑,汉军车骑至,弛入梁、楚之郊,事败矣。”吴老将皆言:”此少年摧锋可耳,安知大虑。”吴王于是亦不许。假令二计得行,亚夫未遽得志也。

亚夫之功,涉与吴王分半,而后世第功亚夫,竟无理田、桓二将军之言者,悲夫!

李牧、周亚夫,皆不万全不战者,故一战而功成;赵括以轻战而败,夫差以累战而败。君知不可战而不禁之,子玉之败是也;将知不可战而迫使之,杨无敌之败是也。

【译文】

汉景帝时,吴、楚等国谋反,景帝派太尉周亚夫(周勃的儿子,平七国之乱后,官至丞相,后因景帝听信谗言,绝食五日,吐血而死)带兵平乱。

大军来到灞上,赵涉(周亚夫攻吴,楚,任命赵涉为护军)暗中游说周亚夫说:“吴王一向以怀柔的方式招抚敢死之士,这次他知道将军率兵而来,一定会在殽、渑等狭隘的山道间埋伏狙击、作战,打仗讲求的是出其不意,将军为什么不由此地朝右进发,经蓝田、武关到洛,其间不过相差一两天的路程,将军直接率军入军械库。诸侯们听到将军部队所发出的军鼓声,会以为将军是从天而降呢。”

周亚夫接纳赵涉的建议,等到了洛后,派人到殽、渑等山道四处搜查,果然逮捕到吴王的伏兵。

太尉在荥会兵,正碰上吴国攻击梁国,情势危急。梁国好几次派使者向周亚夫求救,周亚夫却坚守营垒不出兵。梁国又派使者向景帝求救,景帝命周亚夫出兵救援,周亚夫却不接受诏命,只派人率领轻简的骑兵,把吴、楚等军的后路绝断了,阻断吴、楚运粮的粮道。吴军粮食一被断绝,士卒饥饿,好几次向周亚夫挑战,周亚夫都不出兵应战,吴楚的士卒中有许多人因饥饿而死,不得已吴王只好退兵,这时周亚夫才出动兵追击,大破吴、楚军。

[述评译文]

吴王在刚开始发兵时,他的大将军田禄伯建议:“屯聚大军一起向西推进,若是没有奇妙的战略,是不容易战胜成功的。臣愿意率领五万士卒,另外沿着 、淮上游前进,收复淮南、长沙,进入武关,再和大王军队会合,这也算是一支奇兵呢。”吴太子劝阻说:“父王出兵已有谋反的罪名,在这情形下不能轻易的把军队 由他人,因为别人也有谋反父王的可能,那时怎么办?”于是吴王没有答应田禄伯的要求。

吴少将王将军游说吴王说:“吴国多步兵,步兵擅长在险地作战;汉多骑兵,骑兵擅长在平地作战。希望大王不要攻占沿途所经过的城市,直接向西攻占洛的军械库,夺取敖仓的粮食,凭恃山河的险阻号令诸侯,如此则虽还没有入关,但已能完全掌握天下的形势了。但如果大王因攻占城市而沿途逗留,汉军的骑兵一到,快马进入梁、楚的郊野,那大势就不妙了。”

吴王征询老将们的意见,老将们都说:“这只是年轻人为求表现而随口说说,怎知道如何考虑大局呢?”于是吴王也没有采纳少将的意见。

假使当初吴王能接受田禄伯以及少将所提的看法,或许周亚夫也不能顺利的平定乱事了。周亚夫平乱的事功,严格说起来,赵涉与吴王要占一半的功劳,但后世仅只推崇周亚夫,却遗漏田禄伯、王将军的建言,令人觉得遗憾,可悲!

李牧与周亚夫都是没有十足致胜的把握,不轻言出战的人,所以每战都能成功。赵括轻敌而败,战国时代吴王夫差因长期征战而亡。君王明明知道不能得胜的战争,却一定要打,这是当年楚国大将子玉失败的起因;为将者,明知不可以战,强行出征,杨无敌的失败,就是一个活生生、血淋淋的例子。

796、周访

【原文】

贼帅杜曾屡败官军,威震 、沔,元帝命周访击之。访有众八千,进至沔,曾等锐气甚盛。访曰:“先入有夺人之心,军之善谋也。”使将军李常督左甄,许朝督右甄,访自领中军,高张旗帜。曾果畏访,先攻左右甄。曾勇冠三军,访甚恶之,自于阵后射雉,以安众心,令其众曰:“一甄败,鸣三鼓,两甄败,鸣六鼓。”赵胤兵属左甄,力战,败而复合,胤驰马告访,访怒叱,令更进,胤号哭复战,自旦至申,两甄皆败,访闻鼓音,选锐八百人,自行酒饮之,敕不得妄动,闻鼓响乃进,贼未至三十步,访亲鸣鼓,将士皆腾跃奔赴,[边批:出其不意。]曾遂大溃,杀千余人。访夜追之,诸将请待明日,访曰:“曾骁勇善战,向之败也,彼劳我逸,是以克之,宜及其衰,乘之可灭。”鼓行而进,遂定汉、沔。曾等走固武当,访出不意,又击破之,获曾。

[评]

先委之以两甄,以敝其力,以骄其气。卒然乘之,乃可奏功。然兵非素有节制,两甄先不为尽力矣。

【译文】

晋朝时贼帅杜曾(初为镇南参军,永嘉之乱杀 亢,兼并 亢部众作乱,后被周访平定)屡次打败官兵,威名震惊 、沔等地。晋元帝派周访(字士达,谥庄)出兵清剿。

周访有八千部众,进军到达沔。杜曾军队士气十分旺盛,周访说:“善谋者的第一步,是先一步鼓舞起部队必胜的意志力和决心。”

周访命将军李恒指挥左军,许朝指挥右军,周访自己亲自率领中军,高举旗帜,杜曾果然畏惧周访的声势,先攻打左,右两军,锐不可当,周访见杜贼气势勇猛,亲自在阵后射箭来安定官军的心理,下令说:“一军败,击鼓三次;两军败,击鼓六次。”

赵嗣居于左军,奋力作战,阵势被贼人冲散了,又立即会合在一起继续奋战。赵嗣骑马驰告周访战况,周访生气地大声命令他再进兵,赵嗣哭叫着应战。战事从早到晚未曾停歇,左右两军都战败了。

周访听到鼓声,挑选兵八百人,亲自倒酒请他们喝,严格要求不可轻举妄动,只有在听到鼓声后才能前进,贼人进到三十步距离外时,周访亲自击鼓,将士都奋勇杀敌,于是杜曾大败,死了一千多贼兵。

周访下令趁夜追击,其他将领却请求等到天亮再追。周访说:“杜曾勇敢善战,刚才他们战败,是因我军以逸待劳,所以才能战胜。现在更是机不可失,应该趁着他们士气衰微的时候,一举消灭他们。”于是击鼓前进,平定了汉沔地区。杜曾往武当,周访出其不意又攻武当,擒获杜曾。

[评译文]

周访先以左、右两军消耗杜曾的战力,使杜曾因胜而骄,再出其不意的以兵迎战,于是建功。但若不是军士们平日训练有素,左右两军怎能奋战到底,消耗敌人战力呢?

797、陆逊 陆抗

【原文】

昭烈率众伐吴,自巫峡至夷陵,连营七百余里,而先遣吴班将数千人,平地立营以挑战。吴诸将皆欲击之,陆逊不许,曰:“此必有谲。”坚壁良久,昭烈知计不行,乃引伏兵从谷中出,凡八千人,逊谓诸将曰:“所以不听击班者,正为此也。今而后吾知所以破之矣!”乃敕于暮夜,人各持茅一把,每间一营,辄攻一营,同时火举,首尾不能相救,于是四十余营,一战俱破。

[述评]

魏文帝闻昭烈树栅连营状,谓群臣曰:“备不知兵,必破矣。岂有七百里连营,而可以拒敌者乎?包皮原隰险阻以营军者,必为敌擒,此兵忌也!”后七日,而孙权捷书至,以昭烈之老于行间,而识不及曹丕,何也?岂所谓“老将至而髦及之”乎?

昭烈之伐吴,苻坚之寇晋,皆倾国之兵也。然昭烈之谋狡,故宜静以待之;苻坚之气骄,故宜急以挫之。狡谋穷则敌困,骄气挫败敌衰,所以虽众无所用之也。

按:淝水之役,苻融攻硖石,坚留大军于项城,自引轻骑八千就之。朱序私于谢石曰:“若秦兵尽至,诚难与为敌,今乘诸军未集,宜速击之,若败其前锋,则彼已夺气,可遂破也。”石从之。

西陵督步阐以城降晋。抗闻,日夜督兵赴西陵,别筑严围,使内可围阐,外可御寇,而不攻城。诸将咸谏曰:“及兵之锐,宜急攻阐。比晋救至,阐必拔矣。何事于固,而以敝士民之力?”抗曰:“此城甚固,而粮又足,其缮修备御具皆抗所亲规,攻之急未能克,而救且至。救至而无备,表里受敌,何以御之?”诸将犹不谓然。抗欲服众,乃听令一攻,果不利,于是围备始力。未几,晋杨肇帅兵来救,时我军都督俞赞忽亡诣肇。抗曰:“赞,军中旧吏也,知吾虚实,吾尝虑夷兵素不简练,若敌来攻,必先此处。”是夜易夷兵,而悉以旧将统之。明日,肇果攻故夷兵处,抗击之,矢石雨下。肇夜遁,抗不追,而但令鸣鼓发喊,若将攻者。肇大溃,引去。遂复西陵,诛阐。

[评]

陆逊、陆抗,是父是子!

【译文】

三国时代汉主刘备率军伐吴,自巫峡到夷陵营地长达七百多里。另又派遣吴班率几千人在平地扎营,四出挑衅。吴国将帅看到这种情形,都主张下令攻击,陆逊说:“这其中必定有诈,暂时按兵不动,先观察一阵再说。”

刘备看见诱敌不成,只好让埋伏在谷地的八千伏兵出谷攻击,陆逊说:“这就是不让各位贸然攻击吴班的原因。现在我已经知道敌人的战术了,一定能破敌。”于是下令全军于入夜之后,每人各持一把茅草,每间隔一个敌营,发动攻击,同时举火,造成声势,让敌军各营寨间陷入惊惶,不能相互救援,于是一举攻破四十多寨。

[述评译文]

当初魏文帝曹丕听说汉军设立营寨达七百多里,对群臣说:“刘备不懂兵法,一定会被打败!哪里有将帅会设立七百里的营地来抵御敌军的呢?包皮原平地,无险可守,设立营地一定会敌所破,这是兵家大忌呀!”

这话说完后的七天,果然接到吴军打败汉军的捷报。以刘备身经百战于军事,竟不如曹丕有远识。这是什么原因,难道真是所谓年纪大了,昏愦糊涂了吗?

刘备伐吴,苻坚攻晋,都是倾尽全国的兵力。然而,刘备用计狡诈,所以应该以静观情势的变化待之;苻坚心浮气骄,所以要急攻以挫其傲气。狡计无法施展,自然自陷困境,骄气顿挫自然士气低落,所以即使兵力众多,又有什么用呢?

按:淝水之役,苻融出兵攻击陕石,苻坚留大军于项城,自己率领轻骑八千随之。朱序乃私下向谢石说:“若秦兵尽至,诚难与为敌,今诸军未集,宜速击之,若败其前锋,则彼已夺气,可遂破。”谢石接受朱序的建议。

吴国陆抗(字幼节,陆逊的儿子)听说西陵督步阐叛吴降晋,急忙命令部队日夜开赴西陵,并另行建筑坚固的城墙,把步阐围困在内,又可抵御晋军的攻击,却不下令攻打步阐。将领们劝谏说:“应该趁着兵气锐攻打步阐,若是晋国援军一到,步阐必然获救,何必辛苦地建筑城墙,来耗损本身的气力呢。”

陆抗说:“这座城非常坚固,城内粮食又充足,凡是守卫防御的一切措施和武器,都是我亲自规划的。现在仓促进攻,一定难以克敌,等晋军一到,我们又无法防备,内外受敌,怎么约束全军呢。”

将领们听了陆抗的话,却仍不以为然,陆抗也想让众人心服,就任由军士出击步阐,果然失利,于是全军才尽力筑城防守。

不多久,晋国杨肇率兵援助步阐,正巧吴军都督俞赞也投效杨肇,陆抗说:“俞赞是军中的老军官,知道我军的虚实,我常担忧我们结集的夷人部队训练不良,如果敌人来攻,一定先打此地。”

当夜,陆抗就把部队中的夷人部队全部调离,代以良的部队防守,第二天,杨肇果然攻打以前夷人防守的地方,陆抗立刻下令反击,箭石如同雨下,杨肇趁夜逃走,陆抗只敲击战鼓,作出追击的姿态,并没有真的追赶。杨肇军队大败溃逃,陆抗于是光复西陵,杀了步阐。

[评译文]

陆逊、陆抗,一个是父亲,一个是儿子,真是有其父必有其子啊!

798、

【原文】

艾与郭淮合兵以拒姜维,维退,淮因西击羌。艾曰:“贼去未远,或能复还,宜分诸军以备不虞。”于是留艾屯白水北。三日,维遣廖化自水南向艾结营。艾谓诸将曰:“维今卒还,吾军少,法当来渡,而不作桥,[边批:棋逢对手。]此维使化持吾,今吾不得动;维必自东袭取洮城矣。”洮城在水北,去艾屯六十里。艾即夜潜军,径到洮城,维果来渡,而艾先至据城,得以不破。

【译文】

三国时,魏将 艾(字士载,曾辅佐司马懿抗拒蜀国)与郭淮(字伯济,卒谥贞)合力防御姜维(三国蜀汉人,字伯约)。当姜维撤兵之后,郭淮准备进兵攻打西羌。 艾说:“敌人虽然撤退,但是并没有走远,或许还会回头来攻,所以应该分军守卫,以防意外。”于是 艾留下驻守白水之北。

过了三天,不出所料,姜维派廖化在白水南边扎营,对 艾叫阵。 艾对诸将说:“姜维果然卷土重来,我军兵力薄弱,他们理当渡河来攻,而必定不会造桥直接渡河。以廖化的部队牵制,使我不得动弹,而由姜维引军向东袭取洮城。”洮城在白水北边,距 艾防地六十里。

于是, 艾赶紧趁夜行军,悄悄开往洮城,姜维果然渡河而来,但是 艾已经先占领洮城,所以得以保全洮城。

799、唐太宗

【原文】

唐兵围洛,夏主窦建德悉众来援,诸将请避其锋。郭孝恪曰:“世充穷蹙,垂将面缚,建德远来助之,此天意欲两亡之也。宜据武牢之险以据之,伺间而动,破之必矣。”记室薛收曰:“世充府库充实,所将皆锐,但乏粮食,故为我持;建德自将远来,亦当挫其锐,[边批:亦是朱序破苻秦之策。]若纵之至此,两寇合从,转河北之粟以馈洛,则战争方始,混一无期。今宜分兵守洛,深沟高垒,勿与战;大王亲帅骁锐,先据成皋,以逸待劳,决可克也。建德既破,世充自下,不过二旬,两主就缚矣。”世民从之。由是夏主迫于武牢,不得行。

[按]

是时,凌敬言于建德曰:“大王宜悉兵济河,攻取怀州、河,使重将守之,遂建旗鼓,逾太行,入上 ,徇汾晋,趣薄津,蹈无人之境,拓地收兵,则关中震惧,而郑围自解矣。”妻曹氏亦曰:“祭酒之言是也。”夫此特孙子旧策,妇人犹知之,而建德不能用,以至败死。何哉?

谍告:“夏主伺唐牧马于河北,将袭武牢。”世民乃北济河,南临广武而还,故留马千余匹,牧于河渚以疑之。建德果悉众出牛口,置阵亘二十里,鼓行而进。诸将皆惧,世民升高望之,谓诸将曰:“贼起山东,未尝见大敌,今度险而嚣,是无纪律,城而阵,有轻我心,我按兵不出,彼勇气自衰,阵久卒饥,势将自退,追而击之,无不克矣。”建德列阵,自辰至午,士卒饥倦,皆坐列,又争饮水。世民命宇文士及将三百骑,经建德阵西,驰而南上,建德阵动,世民曰:“可击矣。”帅轻骑先进,大军继之,直薄其阵。方战,世民又率史大奈等卷旆而入,出于阵后,张唐旗帜。夏兵见之,惊溃。

秦王世民至高墌,薛仁杲使宗罗日候将兵拒之,世民坚壁不出,诸将请战,世民曰:“我军新败,士气沮丧,贼恃胜而骄,有轻我心,宜闭垒以待之,彼骄我奋,可一战而克也。”乃令军中曰:“敢言战者,斩。”相持六十余日,仁杲粮尽,所部多降,世民乃命梁寔营于浅水原以诱之。罗日候大喜,尽锐攻之。数日,世民度其已疲,谓诸将曰:“可以战矣。”使庞玉阵于原南,罗日候并兵击之,玉几不能支,世民乃引大军自原北出其不意,自帅骁骑陷阵,罗日候军溃,世民帅骑追之,窦轨叩马苦谏,世民曰:“破竹之势,不可失也。”遂进围之,仁杲将士多叛,计穷出降,得其兵万人。诸将皆贺,因问曰:“大王一战而胜,遽舍步兵,又无攻具,直造城下,众皆以为不可,而卒取之,何也?”世民曰:“罗日候所将,皆陇外骁将悍卒,吾特出其不意破之,斩获不多;若缓之,则皆入城,仁杲抚而用之,未易克也。急之则散归陇外,折日候虚弱,仁杲破胆,不暇为谋,此吾所以克也。”众皆悦服。

【译文】

唐朝大军包皮围洛,窦建德(隋人,大业末年被人诬陷通贼,于是占据饶自称长乐王,宇文化及杀隋炀帝,窦建德出兵征讨,越王侗封为夏王)发兵援救洛。李世民召集诸将商议,诸将请求先避开窦建德军队的锐锋。

郭孝恪却说:“王世充处境困顿,很快就要被迫投降,窦建德老远赶来救援,这是天意要灭亡他们,武牢地势险要,所以我认为我军应该坚守外,再等机会出兵,一定能打败他们。”

记室(官名,掌书记之官)薛收(字伯褒)说:“王世充据守东都,府库充实,率领的军队,都是 、准的锐,目前只因粮食补给不及,才暂时受困于我军;窦建德亲率大军,远来救援,我军应采速攻,挫其锐气。若是让窦建德顺利到达此地,两军联合,转运河北的粮食,补给洛,那么战争结束的日期,就谁也不知道了。现在依下官看,不如一面在洛挖深沟,筑高垒,不与王世充 战;一面大王亲率兵,占据成皋,以逸待劳,等窦建德大军到。只要窦建德兵败,王世充也自然不攻而破,我估计不出二十天,就能擒获两贼。”李世民听从这建议,于是窦建德大军被围困在武牢,不得动弹。

[按语译文]

当初,凌敬(唐陆敬另一名字)曾对窦建德说:“大王应率军渡河,攻取怀州、河,派大将防守,鸣战鼓,树旌旗,翻越太行山,进入上 ,由汾、晋进蒲津,如此有三利:一则如踏无人之地,取胜可以万全,二侧开拓土地,收取士众,形势更强,三则关中震惊,围城自然不攻而解。”窦建德的妻子曹氏也说:“祭酒(凌敬为窦建德国子祭酒)的话不可不听。”但窦建德还是不予接纳。

唉,这其实是《孙武兵法》中的旧计,连妇人都明白,而窦建德却不能采纳,以致败亡。能怪谁呢!

间谍报告说:“窦建德探知唐军牧草已尽,在河北牧马,打算偷袭武牢。”李世民一得知这个情报,就由北渡河,到广武侦察敌军形势后,故意留下千余匹牧马诱敌,而在夜晚返回武牢。

窦建德果然全军而来,由牛口布阵绵延二十里,击鼓进军,李世民的将领不禁心生恐惧。李世民登高眺望,对诸将说:“贼人起于山东,不曾遇过强敌;今天军行险地而军士喧哗,是无纪律的表现。临近都城布阵,是有轻敌之心。我军按兵不动,他们气势自然衰竭。长时间的列阵待敌,士兵们一定口干腹饥。最后自然退兵,那时我军再追击,一定能胜!”

窦建德的士兵排列阵式,自早晨七时直到中午十二时,士兵饥饿疲倦,都纷纷坐在地上,又争相饮水,队伍零落不整。此时,李世民命宇文士及率三百骑兵经过窦建德队伍的西面,试探一下,立即急驰南上。窦建德的部队因此被牵动,乱了阵脚。

李世民说:“可以攻击了!”于是率领轻骑先行发动攻势,大军继进,直敌阵,双方 战时,李世民又率史大奈等人卷着大旗冲进敌阵的后方,扬起唐军的旗帜。窦建德的士兵见了唐旗,大为吃惊,溃散而逃。

有一次,秦王李世民领军来到高杲。薛仁杲(薛举儿子,善骑射,外号万人敌)派宗罗日候领兵抗御,李世民坚守不出战。

诸将都请李世民下令攻击,李世民说:“我军刚败,士气沮丧,贼人恃胜骄傲,有轻敌心理,这时应该坚守不战,等待机会。一旦他们骄傲轻敌,我军奋力备战,就可克敌致胜。”

于是下令:“再有人敢说出战,立刻斩首!”

两军相持六十多天,薛仁杲粮食用尽,手下部将也都率兵来降,李世民于是命梁实率领所部,在浅水原扎营引诱敌兵,宗罗日候看了很高兴,以为有机可乘,派出所有的兵进攻,几天后,李世民预计敌兵已经疲惫,对诸将说:“可以出战了。”

于是派将军庞玉在浅水原南边布阵,宗罗日候结合兵力攻他,庞玉迎战,几乎抵挡不住敌军的攻势,李世民亲自率领大军,出其不意地自浅水原北边突袭,宗罗日候的士兵大败,李世民率骑兵乘胜追杀。

窦轨(字士则)拦马劝阻,李世民说:“现在情势有如破竹,机不可失。”于是进兵围之。薛仁杲的将领多半叛薛降李,薛仁杲已无计可施,李世民虏获薛仁杲兵一万多人。诸将们纷纷向李世民道贺,趁机问说:“大王一战而胜,不用步兵,又没有攻城装备,轻骑直城下,大家都认为一定会失败,竟然夺城成功,这是什么原因呢?”

李世民说:“宗罗日候所率领的士兵多是陇西人,将领骁勇兵卒凶悍,我先前出其不意的打败他,斩杀俘获的兵士并不多,此时若是我放慢攻势,那么敌兵都会逃入城中,只要薛仁杲加以安抚重用,日后就难以对付,立即紧蹑其后,乘胜追杀,士卒就会溃逃回陇西,高城的防备更形虚弱,薛仁杲心虚害怕,就更无法冷静思考应敌之计,这就是我战胜的原因。”

800、李靖

【原文】

萧铣据 陵,诏李靖同河间王孝恭安辑,阅兵夔州。时秋潦,涛濑涨恶。铣以靖未能下,不设备。诸将亦请 平乃进,靖曰:“兵事以速为神。今士始集,铣不及知,若乘水傅垒,是震雷不及塞耳,仓卒召兵,无以御我,此必擒也。”孝恭从之,帅战舰二千余艘东下,拔其荆门、宜都二镇,进至夷陵。

萧铣之罢兵营农也,才留宿卫数千人。闻唐兵至,大惧,仓卒征兵,皆在 岭之外,道途阻远,不能遽集。乃悉见兵出拒战,孝恭将击之,李靖止之曰:“彼救败之师,策非素立,势不能久,不若且驻南岸,缓之一日,彼必分其兵,或留拒我,或归自守,兵分势弱,我乘其懈而击之,蔑不胜矣!今若急之,彼则并力死战,楚兵剽锐,未易当也。”孝恭不从,留靖守营,自帅锐师出战,果败走,趣南岸。铣众委舟,收掠军资,人皆负重。靖见其众乱,纵兵奋击,大破之。乘胜直抵 陵,入其外郭,大获舟舰。李靖使孝恭尽散之 中,诸将皆曰:“破敌所获,当借其用,奈何弃以资敌?”靖曰:“萧铣之地,南出岭表,东距洞庭,吾悬军深入,若攻城未拔,援兵四集,吾表里受敌,进退不获,虽有舟楫,将安用之?今弃舟舰,使塞 而下,援兵见之,必谓 陵已破,未敢轻进,往来窥伺,动淹旬月,吾取之必矣。”铣援兵见舟舰,果疑不进。

【译文】

唐朝时萧铣(后梁宣帝曾孙)占据 陵,皇帝诏命李靖(字药师,谥景武)同河间王李孝恭(唐宗室,封永安王)共同出兵攻击萧铣。李孝恭由夔州出发,这时正当 水高涨,萧铣认定李靖不会来攻,因此防备松懈,而唐军的将领也都请求等水潮退后再进。李靖说:“用兵讲求的是神速难测,现在我军刚集合,萧铣还未获得情报,若是走趁着 涨突袭进攻,正是迅雷不及掩耳,他们仓促之间一定无法集合军队还击,我军必能擒获贼人。”

李孝恭依计而行,亲自率领战舰二千多艘东下,果然攻下荆门、宜都二镇,进兵夷陵。萧铣屯兵耕种,才留下几千人守卫,听说唐兵到来,大为恐惧,仓皇间征兵,兵士却都在 南、岭南之外,路途遥远,不能立即会合,只好尽现有兵力出兵反扑。

李孝恭想继续进,李靖阻止说:“他们是为救援而来,并不打算坚守抗拒,不耐久战,我军不如暂时在南岸驻扎,缓他一日,敌军必会分兵部署。有的留下抵拒,有的回营自守。兵力一分散,自然势力衰弱,我军趁敌军势弱松懈时加以攻击,哪有不胜之理?如果穷追进,敌兵一定拚死一战。楚兵生性剽悍,不易抵挡。”

李孝恭不听,留下李靖守营,自率锐出击,果然战败,退守南岸。萧铣的部众却弃去舟船,抢夺军需用品,人人背负重物。李靖见敌兵阵势纷乱,立即下令攻击,大败敌兵,乘胜推进 陵,来到外城,得抢夺敌兵舟船。

李靖要李孝恭将舟船散置 中,诸将都说:“掳获敌人的舟船当善加利用,为何要白白弃置,反而资助敌人呢?”李靖说:“萧铣的地盘,南出岭南,东到洞庭湖。我们孤军深入敌境,若攻城不下,他们援军从四方集合,我军里外受敌,进退两难,即使有舟船又有什么用?今天弃置舟船,使它满 满河顺流而下,敌人援军看见,以为 陵已破,必定不敢贸然进兵,再三派遣间谍窥探军情,这一拖延可能就是十多天。这期间我军一定可以攻下敌城了。”

萧铣的援兵看见散置 面的舟船,果然心生怀疑,不敢进兵。

80!”、朱隽

【原文】

黄巾贼 韩忠,以十万人据宛,诏朱隽以八千人讨之。隽张圉结垒,起土山以临城内,鸣鼓攻其西南。贼悉众赴西南,隽自将兵五千掩其东北,乘城而入。忠乃退保子城,惶惧乞降。时司马张超等议听之,隽曰:“不可!今海内一统,独黄巾造逆,纳降徒长逆萌,非长计!”急攻之,不克。隽乃登土山望之,顾谓张超曰:“吾知之矣,贼外围周固,乞降不受,欲出不得,所以死战。不如撤围,并兵入城,忠见围解,势必自出,出则意散,易破之道也。”即解围,忠果出,因击,大破之。

【译文】

东汉末年时,黄巾贼将韩忠聚众十万人盘据苑城,汉灵帝下令朱隽(字公伟)率八千人平乱。朱隽修堡筑城,堆起能俯瞰城内的土山之后,就击鼓指挥大军攻苑城西南,贼人全力防守西南时,不料朱隽却亲自率五千兵从东北偷袭,乘机攻入城里。韩忠仓皇退入内城,派人请降。

当时司马张超(张良后代,字子并)等人主张接受韩忠的请降,朱隽却反对,他说:“同是投降,但是情势不同,处理方式也就不能一概而论,秦朝末年项羽争霸时,天下无主,所以用奖赏鼓励归顺投诚的人。现在天下一统,唯独黄巾结 作乱,如果今天接受贼 请降,无异鼓励日后贼匪作乱谋反,并非久安之计。”

韩忠请降不成,但朱隽一时间却也无法破城歼灭韩忠。一天,朱隽登上土山眺望,回头对张超说:“我明白了,我军已围住贼 ,贼人请降不成,又无法突围而出,只好拚死守城。所以我军不如撤兵,韩忠见围兵撤退,一定率贼出城,贼人一出,拚死一战的士气瓦解,就容易击溃贼人。”

于是下令撤兵,韩忠果然出城,于是朱隽下令出击,果然大破韩忠。

802、耿弇

【原文】

张步弟蓝,将兵二万守西安,而诸郡合万人守临淄,相距四十里。耿弇进军二城之间,视西安城小而坚,临淄虽大实易取,乃下令,后五日攻西安。蓝闻,日夜警备。至期,夜半,弇敕诸将皆蓐食,及旦,径趋临淄。半日拔其城,蓝惧,弃城走。诸将曰:“敕攻西安而乃先临淄,竟并下之,何也?”弇曰:“西安闻吾攻,必严守具;临淄出不意而至,必自警扰,攻之必立拔;拔临淄则西安孤,此击一而得二也!若先攻西安,顿兵坚城,死伤必多,即拔之,吾深入其地,后乏转输,旬月间不自困乎?”诸将皆服。

【译文】

汉光武帝时,张步(琅琊人,字文公)的弟弟张蓝率兵二万人据守西安,而其他各郡县则集结一万人防守临淄,两城之间相距四十里。汉将耿弇(耿况之子,字伯昭,谥愍)率军来到两城之间,发觉西安城虽小,但守备坚强;临淄虽是大城,但防守松懈,容易攻占。于是下令,五天后进攻西安。

张蓝听说耿弇将要率兵攻城,日夜加紧严密的戒备。到了第四天的半夜,耿弇下令全体士兵携带蓐席军粮抄小路急行军,快天亮时,来到临淄城,只用半天的时间就攻占了临淄。张蓝惊恐之下,竟弃守西安城逃逸。

事后诸将问耿弇:“元帅先前下令进攻西安,却发兵打临淄,结果两城一并攻占,这是什么原因?”

耿弇说:“西安城听说我军将要进攻,必定更加强戒备,我军出其不意进攻临淄,临淄守兵一定因料想不到而惊慌害怕,所以能立刻破城。临淄一破,西安城就孤立无援,这就是为什么只攻一城而得两城的原因。如果先打西安,西安城坚兵强,双方 战,死伤必然惨重,即使获胜,我军深入敌境,后方补给不易,十天半个月之后,难保不自陷困境。”诸将听后,大为佩服。

803、韦睿

【原文】

梁天监四年,王师北伐,命韦睿督军,攻小岘城。既至,城中忽出数百人,阵于门外,睿曰:“城中二千余人,闭门坚守,足以自完,而无故出人于外,此必其骁劲者也,先挫其劲,城一鼓可拔。”诸将疑不前,睿指其节曰:“朝廷授此,非以为饰,法不可犯也!”兵遂进,殊死战,魏兵大溃,急攻之,城遂拔。

睿进攻合肥,先按行山川,曰:“吾闻之:‘汾水可灌平,绛水可灌安邑。’ ”乃为之堰肥水,堰成,而魏援兵大至。诸将俱,请表益兵。睿笑曰:“贼已至而请兵,虽鞭之长,能及马腹乎?”初战不利,诸将议退巢湖,又议走保三叉,睿怒曰:“将军死绥,有前无却,妄动者斩!”乃取伞扇麾幢树堤下,示无动意,而更筑垒于堤以自固。久之,堰水满,魏救兵无所用,城竟溃。

魏中山王元英,以百万众寇北徐州,围刺史昌义之于钟离。帝遣曹景宗将大兵往救,敕睿帅所部往会之。睿自合肥径进,时魏兵声势甚盛,诸将惧,请缓行。睿曰:“钟离望救甚急,车驰卒奔,犹恐其后,而可缓乎?魏兵深入,已堕吾腹中,勿忧也。”不旬日,至,遂于景宗营前二十里,一夜 掘长堑,树鹿角,截土为城,比晓而营立,元英惊以为神。英先于邵洲两岸为两桥,树栅数百步,跨淮通道。睿乃装大艘,乘淮水暴涨,竞发以临其垒,而令小船载苇藁,灌之膏油,乘风纵火,烟焰障天,倏忽之间,桥栅尽坏,我军乘势奋勇,呼声动天地,无不一当百。魏兵大溃,元英仅以身免。昌义之得报,不暇语,但直叫曰:“更生!更生!”

[述]

时魏人歌曰:“不畏萧与吕姥,但畏合肥有韦虎!”韦即睿,吕,吕僧珍,萧者,临川王宏也。

【译文】

南北朝时,后梁天监四年,豫州刺史韦睿奉命率军攻击魏军小岘城。来到城外时,魏军派出数百人在城外列阵,韦睿说:“城中虽只有二千多人,但只要闭门坚守,有足够的力量自保,现在无故派人出城,这一定是他们最勇敢善战的军士,如果能打败他们,那小岘城也就不攻自破了。”诸将却犹豫不前,韦睿指着符节说:“朝廷颁赐符节,不是用来当装饰品的,我韦睿的命令不可违抗!”于是下令攻击,士兵都拚死作战,魏兵大败,韦睿乘胜攻占城池。

有一次韦睿进兵合肥,到达之后,先观察山川地势,说:“我听说汾水可灌平,绛水可淹安邑。于是率部众筑堤,堵住河水,准备水淹合肥。这时魏国大批援兵开到,诸将深感恐惧,怕无法战胜魏军,想上书奏请增派援兵。韦睿笑着说:“敌人已经兵临城下,才要求请援,怎么来得及呢,鞭子再长也不及马肚啊(远水难救近火)!”一开始战况不利,诸将想要退守巢湖,又想回守三叉,韦睿生气的说:“军人御敌作战,只有前进没有后退,违令者斩!”于是命人拿来伞扇及麾幢,象征威权的仪仗,树立在堤堰下,表示决不后退的决心。一面在堤上修筑营垒巩固防御。不久,积储之水满溢,困住了城池,魏军的援兵竟无法发挥作用。韦睿反攻,破城而入。

北魏中山王元英(拓跋桢之子,字虎儿,谥献武)率部众百万人蹂躏 徐州北方一带,在钟离城包皮围刺史昌义之(南朝梁人,卒谥烈)。皇帝派遣曹景宗率大军增援,并命韦睿前往会合。韦睿直接从合肥赶到钟离,一路上,军士畏惧魏兵人多势众,多劝韦睿放慢行军速度。韦睿说:“钟离城情势危急,即使车驰卒奔,火速前往救援,都还嫌太迟,慢慢走怎么来得及?魏兵孤军深入,我自有办法应付,你们不用担心。”不到十天,已与曹景宗会合,韦睿趁夜在曹景宗的营前二十里处掘了一条长沟,树立鹿角,垒土成城,天亮时,营寨已筑好,元英以为是神人。先前元英曾派人在邵洲的两岸架设便桥,树立围栅数百步,管制桥上通道。韦睿乘着淮水暴涨,登上战舰攻击水洲上的魏军,另外利用小船载着干草,灌上油脂,顺着风势放火,一时烟尘迷漫,刹那间便桥围栅都化为灰烬。韦睿的军队乘势奋勇杀敌,喊声震天,个个以一当百。魏兵大败,元英一个人侥幸逃走。昌义之得到魏军大败的报告,高兴得直说:“得救了!得救了!”

[述译文]

当时魏军曾编一首歌传唱:“不畏萧与吕姥,但畏合肥有韦虎。”韦是指韦睿,吕是指吕僧虔,萧是指临川王萧宏。

804、马燧

【原文】

马燧既败田悦,会救至,悦复振。悦壁洹水,淄青军其左,恒冀军其右。燧进屯邺,请益兵。诏河李芃以兵会,次于漳。悦遣将王光进以兵守漳之长桥,筑月垒以扼军路。燧于下流以铁锁维车数百绝河,载土囊遏水而渡。悦知燧食乏,坚壁不战。燧令士赍十日粮,进营仓口,与悦夹洹而军,造三桥,逾洹日挑战。悦不出,伏万人,欲以掩燧。[边批:亦通。]燧令诸军夜半食,鸡鸣时鸣鼓角,而潜师并洹。[边批:攻其所必救。]趋魏州,下令曰:“须贼至,止为阵。”留百骑持火匿桥旁,待悦众尽渡,乃焚桥。燧行十余里,悦果率众逾桥。乘风纵火,鼓噪而前。燧令兵士无动,除蓁莽广百步,勇士五千人先为阵以待悦。[边批:以逸待劳。]比悦至,火止,气少衰。燧将兵奋击,大败之。悦还走,而三桥已焚矣。悦众赴水死者不可胜计。

【译文】

唐朝时马燧(字洵美)虽打败田悦(田承嗣的侄儿),但因有敌援开到,所以田悦势力死灰复燃。马燧随之将部队推进到邺城,并报请朝廷增兵支援。朝廷诏令河守李芃率兵驰援,与马燧会师于漳水。田悦派部将王光进分兵守漳水边的长桥,修筑半月型的土墙,以扼制官军的进路。马燧派出数百兵卒,牵引铁链连接河中,沿着铁链装载土袋,截断河水,让兵士可以涉水渡河。

田悦知道马燧缺粮,就挖濠沟,坚守营地不出战。马燧让士兵携带十天口粮,进兵驻屯仓口,与田悦的部队在洹水两岸对峙,另外派兵搭建三座桥道,天天渡越洹水,到田悦营前挑战。田悦不出战,却暗中埋伏一万人想突袭马燧。

马燧半夜里下令士兵起床 吃饭,天刚破晓,鼓角齐鸣,佯作进攻,却偷偷地将主力渡越洹水移师魏州,下令说:“贼兵到后,停止行军,立即布阵!”同时留下一百名骑兵,拿着火把藏匿在桥旁,等田悦的兵士全部渡河后,烧毁了桥道。

马燧率军走了大约十里路,田悦果然率众渡河追来,乘着风势纵火,并且高声叫嚣着前进。马燧按兵不动,先清除阵前百步内的草丛,命勇士五千人为先锋,设阵待敌。等田悦的部众到跟前时,因火势已熄,所以士气也跟着衰竭。

马燧这时发兵攻击,田悦大败后退,但因三桥被毁,田悦军队大乱,因逃命跳水淹死的,难以计数。

805、郑子元 李晟

【原文】

桓王怒郑不朝,以诸侯伐之。王为中军,虢公林父将右军,蔡人、卫人属焉;周公黑肩将左军,陈人属焉。郑子元请为左拒,以当蔡人、卫人,为右拒,以当陈人,曰:“陈乱,民莫有斗心,若先犯之,必奔。王卒顾之,必乱。蔡、卫不支,固将先奔,既而萃于王卒,可以集事。”从之,曼伯为右拒,祭仲为左拒,原繁、高渠弥以中军奉郑伯,为鱼丽之阵,先偏后伍,[二十五乘为偏,五人为伍。]伍乘弥缝。战于繻葛,命二拒曰:“[旝大将之麾]动而鼓!”蔡、卫、陈皆奔,王卒乱,郑师合以攻之,王卒大败。

吐蕃尚结赞兵逾陇岐,李晟选兵三千,使王佖伏汧旁,诫之曰:“蕃军过城下,勿击首尾,首尾纵败,中军力全,但候其前军已过,见五方旗、武豹衣,则其中军也,突其不意,可建奇功。”佖如晟节度,遇结赞,即出奋击,贼皆披靡。佖军不识结赞,故结赞仅而免。

[述评]

犯王不祥,而三国非郑敌,故先动其左右以摇之;尚结赞劲而狡,小挫未可得志,故专力于中军,出不意以突之。

若鄢陵之战,苗贲皇言于晋侯曰:“楚之良,在于中军王族,请分良以击其左右,而以三军萃于王卒,必大败之。”此又因晋、楚力敌而然。故曰:“知彼知己,兵法何常之有?”

【译文】

春秋时周桓王因郑国不朝拜天子,率诸侯各军征讨郑国。周桓王亲自指挥中军,虢公林父指挥右军,蔡、卫两军也归由他统一指挥,周公黑肩率领左军,陈军也在他的指挥下。

郑子元请求组成左军,以便抵挡蔡、卫两军,另再组右军抵抗陈军。他说:“陈国刚刚发生内乱,百姓都因厌战而缺乏斗志,假如先发兵攻打陈军,他们一定不战而狠狈奔逃;周王所率的中军看到这种情形,一定会引起动;而蔡、卫军也不能抵挡我军,当然溃逃。这时我们就可集中兵力攻打周王的中军,一定大获全胜。”

郑庄公采纳郑子元的建议,派大夫曼伯率领右军,祭仲率领左军,原繁,高渠弥率领中军,排成鱼丽之阵护卫郑庄公。所谓“鱼丽阵式”就是先锋排列二十五辆战车,其次是每排五人的五排步兵,列阵在两车之间,组成敌人无法切断的坚强阵势。

两军在繻葛(今河南省长葛县北十二里)展开激战。郑庄公下令左右两军说:“看到对方大将的军旗移动时,就击鼓前进。”

结果蔡、卫、陈三军纷纷溃散奔逃,周桓王所率领的中军也阵势大乱,郑军全力攻击,周军于是大败。

唐朝时,吐蕃尚结赞(唐时吐蕃丞相,曾助唐灭朱泚,德宗毁约食言,于是率兵入寇,为李晟讨平)入侵陇、歧,李晟派大将王佖(李晟的外甥)率领骁勇善战的士卒三千人埋伏在汧城旁,并告诫他说:“敌兵过境,不要去攻击他们的前锋或殿后部队,即使打败了他们的前锋或殿后部队,中间的主力部队实力仍毫无损伤,你们就无力抵抗了。不如等他们的前锋部队过去,看到五方旗,穿着虎豹图案战服的士卒,那就是他们的主力部队。你们出其不意的截击,一定能建奇功。”

王佖照着李晟的告诫去做,果然把尚结赞打得大败逃走。可惜由于士卒不认识尚结赞的长相,因而让他逃脱。

[述评译文]

与天子军队为敌,固然理亏,但蔡、卫、陈三个都不是郑国的对手,所以郑子元先动摇左、右两军的士气,瓦解他们的斗志;尚结赞悍劲狡诈,小败不能挫他威勇,所以要出其不意的全力攻击他的主力。

晋楚鄢陵之战时,苗贲皇(春秋楚人,后投奔晋国)曾对晋侯说:“楚国的兵都在中军,请王派少部分兵攻击左右两军,加以牵制,再集中用全力攻击楚国中军,这样一定能获胜。”所以说:“重要的是知己知彼,兵法并没有固定不变的规则。”

806、刘錡

【原文】

刘錡[字叔信。]赴官东京。至涡口,方食,忽暴风拔坐帐。錡曰:“此贼兆也,主暴兵。”即下令兼程而进。闻金人败盟南下,已陷东京,錡与将佐舍舟陆行,急趋至顺昌。知府陈规见錡问计。錡询知城中有米万斛,乃议敛兵入城,为守御计。诸将谓金不可敌,请以锐遮老稚顺流还 南。錡曰:“东京虽失,幸全军至此,有城可守,奈何弃之?敢言去者,斩!”置家寺中,积薪于门,戒守者曰:“脱有不利,即焚吾家!”[边批:李光弼纳刀于鞲中,相似。]乃分命诸将守诸门,明斥堠,募土人为间谍。于是军士皆奋。时守备一无可恃。錡督取车轮辕埋城上,又撤民户扉,周匝蔽之。凡六日,粗毕,而金兵已至城下矣。初錡傅城筑羊马垣,穴垣为门,至是蔽垣为阵,金人纵矢,皆自垣端轶著于城,或止中垣上。錡用破敌弓,翼以神臂、强,自城上或垣门射敌,无不中者。敌稍却,即以步兵邀击,溺河水死者无算。金兵移砦二十里。錡遣阎充募壮士五百人夜斫其营。是夕,天欲雨,电光四起,见辫发者辄歼之。金兵复退十五里。錡复募百人以往,命折竹为器,如市井儿以为戏者,人持一以为号,直犯金营,电一闪则奋击,电止则匿不动。敌众大乱,百人者闻吹声而聚。[边批:用百人如一人,又如千人万人。]兵至此神矣,金人益不能测。终夜自战,积盈野,兀术在汴闻之,即索靴上马,帅十万众来援。诸将谓:“宜乘方胜之势,具舟全军而归。” 錡曰:“敌营甚迩,而兀术又来,吾军一动,彼蹑其后,则前功俱废矣!”錡募得曹成等二人,谕之曰:“遣汝作间,事捷重赏,第如吾言,敌必不杀汝,今置汝绰路骑中,汝遇敌,则佯坠马,为敌所得。敌帅问我何如人,则曰:‘平边帅子,喜声妓,朝廷以两国讲好,使守东京,图逸乐耳。’已而二人果如其言,兀术大喜,[边批:兀术之败,只为太自恃轻敌故。]即置鹅车炮具不用。翌日,錡登城,望见二人来,缒而上之,乃敌械成等来归,以文书一卷系于械上,錡惧惑军,立焚之。[边批:有主意。]兀术至城下,谴责诸将,诸将皆曰:“南朝用兵非昔比,元帅临城自见。”适錡遣耿训请战,兀术怒曰:“刘錡何敢与吾战?以吾力破尔城,直用靴尖趯倒耳!”训曰:“太尉非但请与太子战,且谓太子必不敢济河,愿献浮桥五所,济而大战。”[边批:怒而致之。]迟明,錡果为五浮桥于河上,敌用以济。錡遣人毒颍上流及草中,戒军士虽渴死,毋饮于河,饮者夷其族。时大暑,敌远来,昼夜不解甲,錡军番休更食羊马垣下,而敌人马饥渴,饮食水草者辄病。方晨气清凉,錡按兵不动。逮未申间,敌气已索,忽遣数百人,出西门接战。俄以数千人出南门,戒令勿喊,但以锐斧犯之。敌大败,兀术遂拔营北去。是役也,錡兵不盈二万,出战仅五千人;金兵数十万,营西北,亘十五里,每暮,鼓声震山谷,营中喧哗,终夜有声;而我城中肃然不闻鸡犬,唯能以逸待劳,是以大胜。

[朱晦庵曰]

顺昌之役,正值暑天。刘錡分部下兵五千为五队,先备暑药,饮酒食肉。以一副兜牟与甲,晒之日下,时令人以手摸,看热如火不可着手,乃换一队。军至,令吃酒饭;少定,与暑药。遂各授兵出西门战,少顷,又换一队,出南门,如此数队,分门迭出送入,虏遂大败。缘虏众多,其立无缝,仅能操戈,更转动不得;而我兵执斧直入人丛,掀其马甲以断其足,一骑才倒,即压数骑,杀伤甚众。虏人至是方有怯中国之意,遂从和议耳。

【译文】

宋朝刘錡赶赴开封任官,中途行经涡口正要吃饭时,突然刮起一阵暴风,把帐蓬都吹倒了。他认为这是贼兵兴乱的凶兆,于是下令加紧赶路。不久,果然接到金人背盟南侵的消息,已经攻陷东京(开封)。不得已和副将弃船走陆路,连夜急行赶到顺昌城。知府陈规见到刘錡,就急问该如何御敌,刘錡得知城中尚有存粮万斛,于是决定率兵入城,再计议如何集中兵力全力防守的事宜。诸将都说金兵难以抵御,请求先派兵护送城内的老弱妇孺前往 南。刘錡说:“东京虽已失陷,但幸亏仍有完整的军队据守此地,为什么要弃城逃逸,谁再敢说弃城,军法处斩!”

于是以庙为家,在庙门堆放许多柴草,交代守卫:“万一情势危急,就点火烧毁我家。”另外分别派将领把守各城门,严格检查往来行人,并且由当地人士中招募密探,派出斥堠,如此军心大为振奋。

当时顺昌府毫无防御工事,刘錡命人取来车轮排列在城墙上,又拆去民家的大门,围在城墙的四周,花费了约六天的时间,大致部署完毕,这时金兵也来到城下。最初,刘錡即在守城周围修筑“羊马垣”(城外加筑的小隔城工事,暂为安泊羊马之用),再在垣上挖洞为门,此时,结合了许多羊马垣,加上遮盖做为防御阵地。

金人以箭阵进攻,所射出的箭若非越过垣端射到城墙,就只射到垣壁,丝毫发挥不了杀敌的作用。刘錡挑选神箭手,以强在城上或垣门反击,百发百中,伤敌无数,敌人稍一退兵,刘錡就出动步兵追击,金兵逃命落水而死的不计其数。

金兵退后二十里扎营,刘錡派阎充召募五百壮士,乘夜杀入金营,这夜雷电 加,宋军见到绑辫子的即予扑杀。金人再退败十五里,刘錡命一百名勇士组成敢死队,以竹子为武器,就象一副市井百姓嬉戏追逐的样子,每人拿一根竹子为暗号进攻金兵的营地,天空雷光一闪,每人就奋勇前冲,雷光止就潜伏不动,敌营大乱。而一百名敢死队员闻号角声,便齐聚进攻,金人更觉草木皆兵,兵心惶恐。竟整夜自相混战,堆盈野。

金兀术(完颜宗弼)在汴京接到战败的消息,率十万人军救援。诸将认为:“趁着金人退败,应赶紧备船,全军而退,不要与金兀术正面 手。”刘錡说:“敌营离我军很近,而金兀述的援军将到,如果我军一退,金兵一定出兵紧随追击,所有的战果都将前功尽弃。”

于是又召募曹成等二人,对他们说:“现在我派你们当密探,事成之后必有重赏,只要你们照着我的话去做,金人就绝对不会杀你们。现在你们骑马去闲逛,看到金兵就故意坠马,金人俘虏你们后,一定会侦讯你们想知道我是怎样一个人。这时你们就答说:‘他身在太平盛世,平日他最欢听歌玩妓,朝廷希望两国修好,所以派他镇守东京,好安享逸乐。’”当曹成等二人照刘錡之计行事后,金兀术非常高兴,就放弃鹅车(攻城车)、大炮等攻城器械。第二天,刘錡登城,看见曹成二人回来,立刻用绳索吊他们上来,发现两人都上了刑具,还附了一封信,刘錡深恐动摇军心,立刻把信件烧毁。

金兀术来到城下后,先责备金将为什么没有攻下顺昌。诸将异口同声回答说:“南朝用兵已非昔日可比,不信,元帅亲自攻城就知道了。”正巧,刘錡派耿训请战,金兀术听了勃然大怒说:“刘錡是什么人,竟敢向本帅挑战?凭本帅十万兵力,攻下你刘錡一个小小顺昌城,就好比用脚踩平狗窝!”耿训说:“太尉(刘錡)非但请与太子(宋人称金兀术为四太子)决战,并且认为太子一定不敢渡河前来,所以太尉特别献上五座浮桥,供你军渡河用。等太子平安渡河后,再决一死战。”

第二天天亮,刘錡果然在河上架起五座浮桥,好让金兵能渡河而来,但却在河的上游和草中都撒上毒药,因此特别警告士卒说:“渴死也不许喝河水,敢违抗军令者,一律问斩。”这时正是大热天,金兵长途跋涉而来,日夜都不敢解下盔甲睡觉。反之,刘錡的军队都能轮流休息,并且在羊马垣下进食,金兵人马又饥又渴,有许多兵马因饮食水草而中毒生病。

在清晨较凉爽时,刘錡一直按兵不动,好让士兵充分休息,直到下午三点左右,见金兵已稍渐松懈,才突然派几百人从西门冲出杀敌,接着又有几千人从南门向金兵猛攻,刘錡命兵士不准出声,只能用大斧挥砍攻击,结果金兵大败,金兀术只好拔营北归。

总计这场战役,刘錡的兵力不到两万人,实际参加战斗的只有五千人;反之,金兵有几十万兵,军营由西到北绵长十五里。每晚战鼓之声 震撼大地,营中通宵嘈嚷;而宋军戍守的顺昌城,城内一片寂静,连鸡狗都不叫。以“以逸待劳”战术,终于大败金兵。

[朱熹评译文]

顺昌之战正当热天,刘錡把五千人分成五个队,先准备好避暑药和饮酒食肉,在烈日下放一副兜牟与甲,不时让人去摸,一直晒到手不能触摸铁甲的热度,才换一队。军队来了,便让吃酒饭,停一会儿又给避暑药。于是从西门出兵突袭,接着再派一队由南门出击,只见全军从各城门出出入入,结果金兵大败而逃。再说金兵因人数过多,拥挤在一堆,几乎无立锥之地,仅仅只能手持矛槍站立,完全动弹不得,反之宋军却手持大斧冲入敌阵,杀金兵,砍马脚,一骑倒,数骑也随之倾倒,结果敌人伤亡惨重,由于顺昌一战,金人才知宋人战力不可忽视,生起怯意,于是同意与宋议和。

807、韩世忠

【原文】

世忠驻镇 ,金人与刘豫合兵分道入侵。帝手札命世忠饬守备,图进取,辞旨恳切。世忠遂自镇 渡师,俾统制解元守高邮,候金步卒;亲提骑兵驻大仪,当敌骑。伐木为栅,自断归路,会遣魏良臣使金,世忠撤炊爨,给良臣:“有诏移屯守 。”[边批:灵变。]良臣疾驰去,世忠度良臣已出境,而上马令军中曰:“视吾鞭所向。”于是引军至大仪,勒五阵,设伏二十余所,约闻鼓即起击。良臣至金军,金人问王师动息,具以所见对。聂儿孛堇闻世忠退,喜甚。引兵至 口,距大仪五里,别将挞孛也引千骑过五阵东,世忠传小麾,鸣鼓,伏兵四起,旗色与金人旗杂出。金军乱,我军迭进,背嵬军各持长斧,上揕人胸,下斫马足。敌披重甲,陷泥淖,世忠麾劲骑四面蹂躏 ,人马俱毙,遂擒挞孛也等。

【译文】

南宋名将韩世忠(字良臣,卒谥忠武)镇守镇 时,金人与刘豫(字彦游,高宗南渡后,金人册立刘豫为皇帝,国号齐)相互勾结,分头入侵宋境。宋高宗亲笔下诏,饬命韩世忠严加守备外,并希望韩世忠能进而有更大的作为。诏书言辞恳切感人,因此,韩世忠由镇 亲自率军渡河,除了命统制官解元(字善长,以屡建战功任命为保信军节度使)防守高邮,抗御金人步兵外,自己则亲率骑兵驻守大仪,抵挡金人骑兵。

韩世忠命人伐木作成栅栏,阻断自军的退路,增加士兵奋勇杀敌的决心。

正遇到魏良臣(字道弼,官至参知政事)奉命出使金国,并即刻命令撤去炊爨,移军 边屯驻,给魏良臣调动部署的印象。于是,魏良臣策马疾驰而去,韩世忠估计魏良臣已出边境后,就上马对全军士兵说:“注意看我马鞭所指的方向。”于是引领全军到大仪地区排列成五个军阵,并在二十多处险地埋伏士卒,约定以鼓声为出击信号。

魏良臣到达金人营地后,金人询问魏良臣有关宋军部署的情形,魏良臣都一一据实相告。聂儿孛堇听说韩世忠退兵守 ,非常高兴,率兵来到 口,距大仪大约有五里路。这时副将挞孛也率领一千名骑兵,正经过宋军五阵的东面。

韩世忠传令小兵击鼓,埋伏的士兵蜂拥而出,宋军的旗帜与金人的旗帜混杂一起,金兵顿时大乱,宋军乘胜猛攻,韩世忠更督令背嵬兵每人各持长斧一把,上刺人胸,下砍马脚,金兵穿着笨重的盔甲,陷在泥地里,根本无法挥刀抵抗,这时韩世忠再命锐骑兵由四方冲杀陷在泥地的金兵,人马均亡,于是擒获挞孛也等人。

808、曹玮

【原文】

曹玮知渭州,时年十九。尝出战小捷,虏引去,玮侦虏去已远,乃缓驱所掠牛马辎重而还。虏闻玮逐利行迟,师又不整,遽还兵来袭,将至,玮使谕之曰:“军远来,必甚疲,我不乘人之急,请休憩士马,少选决战。”虏方甚疲,欣然解严,歇良久,玮又使谕之:“歇定,可相驰矣!”于是鼓军而进,大破之。因谓其下曰:“吾知虏已疲,故为贪利以诱之,比其复来,几行百里矣。若乘锐以战,犹有胜负,远行之人,小憩则足痹,不能立,人气亦阑,吾以此取之。”玮在军,得人死力,平居甚暇,及用师,出入若神。一日,张乐饮僚吏,中坐失玮所在,明日徐出视事,则贼首已掷庭下矣。贾同造玮,欲按边,邀与俱,同问:“从兵安在?”曰:“已具。”既出就骑,见甲士三千环列,初不闻人马声。

[评]

只看城中肃然不闻鸡犬,便知刘錡必能胜敌;只看甲士三千环列,初不闻人马声,便知敌必不能犯曹玮。

【译文】

北宋人曹玮奉命戍守渭州时才十九岁,有一次与金人 战小胜后,金人即率兵退走,曹玮侦知金人走远后,就意态从容的驱赶所掠得金人的牛马、辎重返回营地。金人听说曹玮竟会为贪得战利品而拖延行军的速度,再听说军队的纪律也不严整,于是突然调转军队想突袭曹玮。

两军相距不远时,曹玮派人告诉金兵说:“你们大军远来,一定非常疲惫,本帅不愿趁人之急,请大军稍事休息,再决一死战。”金兵确实感到非常疲困,就欣然答应。休息一段时间后,曹玮又派人对金兵说:“休息够了,两军可以 战了。”于是击鼓进军,大破金兵。

胜利后,曹玮对属下说:“金人远道入侵,其实已露疲态,但我却故意让他们以为我贪小利,而诱使他们再调转大军来攻,这一来一回就将近一百里的路程,但若双方立即 战,胜负仍难断定。走远路的人,在休息一段时间后,双脚反而更为酸麻,不能站立。士气也变得懒散不振,我就趁这时机击溃金人。”

曹玮带兵甚得人心,军卒均乐于为之效死,平日处事意态悠闲,但却能用兵如神。

有一次宴饮僚属,酒宴进行一半时,曹玮突然离座,第二天只见曹玮仍如平日般巡视各部队,众人却赫然发现贼首已掷在庭下。

另有一次,贾同前来拜访曹玮,想视察边防,邀曹玮一起巡视,贾同问曹玮,士兵们在哪儿,曹玮回答士兵们都已列队准备好了,贾同出了营帐准备上马时,赫然见三千名士兵环列帐外,而事先竟听不到一点人马声。

[评译文]

仅只见顺昌城中一片寂静,甚至听不到鸡鸣犬吠声,就知道刘錡军纪严整,必能败敌;光看三千装备齐全的战士环列帐前,没有发出任何声响,就知道敌人打不败曹玮。

809、狄青

【原文】

狄青[字汉臣,汾州人。]在泾原,常以寡当众。密令军中闻钲一声则止,再声则严阵而却,声止即大呼驰突。士卒皆如教,才遇敌,未接,遽声钲,士卒皆止,再声再却。虏大笑曰:“孰谓狄天使勇?”钲声止,忽前突之,虏兵大乱,相蹂多死。追奔数里,前临深涧,虏忽壅遏山隅,青遽鸣钲而止。虏得引去,时将佐悔不追击,青曰:“奔命之际,忽止而拒我,安知非谋,军已大胜,残寇不足贪也。”

侬智高反邕州,诏以青为宣抚使击之,或言:“贼标牌不可当。”青曰:“标牌,步兵也,遇骑兵必不能施,愿得西边蕃落民自从。”或又言:“南方非骑兵所宜。”青曰:“蕃部善射,耐艰苦,上下山如平地,当瘴未发时,疾驰破之,必胜之道也。”及行,日不过一驿,所至州,辄休士一日。[边批:未战养力。]至潭州,遂立行伍,明约束,军人有夺逆旅菜一把者,立斩以徇,于是一军肃然。时智高还守邕州,青惧昆仑关险阨为所据,乃按兵不动,下令宾州具五日粮,休士卒。值上元节,令大张灯烛,首夜宴将佐,次夜宴从军官,三夜飨军校。首夜乐饮彻晓,次夜大风雨,二鼓时,青忽称病,暂起如内,久之,使人谕孙沔,令暂主席行酒,少服药乃出,数使劝劳座客,至晓,客未敢退。忽有驰报者,云:“夜时三鼓,元帅已夺昆仑关矣。”[边批:自营中且不知,况敌人乎?]青既渡,喜曰:“贼不知守此,无能为也。”已近邕州,贼方觉,逆战于归仁铺,青登高望之,贼据坡上,我军薄之,青使步卒居前,匿骑兵于后。蛮使骁勇者当前,尽执长槍。前锋孙节战不利,死。将士畏青,莫敢退。[边批:畏主将,必不畏敌矣。]青登高山,执五色旗,麾骑兵为左右翼,出其后,断蛮军为三,旋而击之。左者右,右者左,已而右者复左,左者复右,贼不知所为。贼之标牌军,为马军所冲突,皆不能驻,槍立如束,我军又纵马上铁连枷击之,遂皆披靡。智高焚城遁去。

[按]

是役,谏官韩绛言:“青武人,不足专任,请以侍从文臣为之副。”[边批:顾其人何如,岂在文武!]时庞籍独为相,[边批:确有此人。]对曰:“属者王师屡败,皆由大将轻,偏裨自用,不能制也。今青起于行伍,若以侍从之臣副之,号令复不得行。青昔在鄜延,居臣麾下,沉勇有智略,若专以智高事委之,必能办贼。”[边批:兵法,将能而君不御者胜。]于是诏岭南用兵,皆受节制。[边批:成功在此。]青临行,上言:“古之俘馘奏凯,割耳鼻则有之,不闻以获首者,秦、汉以来,获一首,赐爵一级,因谓之‘首级’。故军士争首级,以致相杀。又其间多以首级为货,售于无功不战之人,[边批:此从来大弊。]愿一切皆罢之。”二条皆名言,可为命将成功之法。

又青行时,有因贵近求从行者。青谓之曰:“君欲从行甚善,然智高小寇,至遣青行,可以知事急矣。从青之士,击贼有功,当有厚赏;不然,军中法重,青不能私,君自思之,愿行则即奏取君矣。”于是无复敢言求从行者,即此一节,知青能持法,必能成功。

又青既入邕州,敛积内有衣金龙之衣者,又得金龙楯于其旁,或言“智高已死,當亟奏!”靑曰:“安知非詐,寧失智高,敢欺朝廷耶?”

合觀二事,不唯不敢使人冒功,即己亦不敢冒不可知之功。

【译文】

北宋名将狄青(汾州人,字汉臣,卒谥武襄)戌守泾原时,常能以寡击众,使敌不测。他密令全军士卒在听到第一声钲音时全军肃立,两声钲音就故意退却而实际是严阵待敌,钲声停止,则立即大喊向前奔驰突击。全军士卒都能遵守狄青的教令。

有一次与敌虏相遇,双方尚未 手,士卒们突然听见一声钲音,就全军止步不前,两声钲音响起,只见士卒们往后退,敌虏大笑说:“谁说狄青勇威,双方还没 手,就下令部队退兵。”话才说完,只听钲音停止,宋兵突然冲向敌阵,敌人阵势大乱,竟相互践踏,死伤惨重。宋兵乘胜追击,敌虏奔逃数里后,在一山涧前突然止步不再奔逃,狄青立即鸣钲而止,全军不再追击,敌虏得以逃脱。事后,副将们却后悔当时没有继续追击落败的敌虏,狄青说:“亡命奔逃的敌人,突然止步而有心与我军对抗,怎知这其中没有别的诈谋?反正我军已大获全胜,这些残兵败寇也不必再贪功计较了。”

又有一次,侬智高(曾建南天国)在邕州谋叛,仁宗命狄青为宣抚使出兵征讨。有人认为侬智高的“标牌兵”锐不可当,狄青说:“标牌是侬智高的步兵,步兵碰到骑兵就无法充份发挥战力,我将征调西边的蕃民编为部伍。”

又有人说:“南方的地形不适宜骑兵作战。”狄青说:“蕃人善于射箭,能吃苦耐劳,上高山下险坡,一如行走平地,只要趁着当地瘴气未起时,快马驰冲,一定能破敌。”

等大军出发征讨,每天行军的路程不超过一个驿站,每到一州,狄青就下令士卒休假一天,未战养力。

来到潭州后,狄青重新整编部伍,明定军纪。有一士兵抢了百姓一把青菜,狄青当场下令处斩,于是全军无人敢违抗军令。

当时侬智高据守邕州,狄青因昆仑关位居险要,害怕被侬智高所占据,于是先按兵不动,一面命宾州准备全军五日的军粮,并让士卒们就地休养。

这时正逢上元节,狄青命人张灯结彩,第一晚宴请副将,第二晚宴请各营军官,第三晚宴请各营军吏。宴请副将的那晚,宾主欢饮直至天明破晓,第二晚正碰上大风雨,大约二鼓时分,狄青突然向大家说微感不舒服,暂时离座入内室。过了一阵子,命人告诉孙沔,请他暂代主人招待宾客,等服过药休息一会儿就出来。席中,更数次派人劝客饮酒,一直到天亮,客人都不敢离席告辞。这时忽然有人骑着马前来禀报说:“昨夜三更时分,元帅已攻占昆仑关了。”自营中且不知,何况敌人?

狄青既已成功的夺取昆仑关,很高兴的说:“昆仑险要,贼人不知据守,日后想必也没有多大作为了。”

狄青率军近邕州时,贼人才有所惊觉,两军 战于归仁铺,狄青站在高地观看两方 战的情形。贼人据守土坡,宋军进,狄青命步兵为前锋,骑兵隐藏在后。贼人派出善战者在阵前手执长槍抵御,前锋孙节不幸捐躯,将士们畏于狄青的军纪严明,不敢退却。狄青站在高地上,手执五色旗,指挥骑兵分别从左、右、后三方将贼人队伍截成三段,轮番攻击,右军攻左,左军攻右,不久又 替攻击,贼人根本弄不清楚宋军从哪个方向进攻,而标牌军也被宋军骑兵冲散,根本无法发挥战力。贼人的长槍排列如林,宋军在马匹上加装铁连枷冲击,于是贼兵溃散,侬智高只有焚城逃逸。

[按译文]

当初出征前,谏官韩绛曾上言:“狄青是个武人,不能单独担任大任,请任命文臣作为他的副手。”当时宰相庞籍反驳说:“还好有这个人。以往宋军屡战屡败,都是由于轻视武将,文臣不懂兵法又固执己见,根本无法指挥军队。而狄青出身军旅,若是派文臣为副帅,军令又无法贯彻。从前狄青在鄜州曾任我的部属,为人沉稳勇敢有谋略,若能将征讨侬智高的大任 付给他,他一定能不辱使命,平定乱贼。”

于是仁宗下诏,此次征伐岭南的兵事,全都受狄青指挥。狄青出发前,也曾上奏说:“古时将帅率兵作战,为激励士气,曾有以割敌人耳朵、鼻子用来计数战功,却不曾有砍敌人首级之事。秦汉以来,取敌人一颗头颅,就赐爵位一级,所以称为‘首级’。现在演变到军士争夺敌人首级,打架斗殴、自相残杀的都有,甚至把敌军的脑袋当成货物,卖给那些没有尽力作战的人。希望能废除这种赏功的制度。”

另外,狄青出发前,有权贵人士请求同行。狄青告诉他们说:“先生想要随军出征令人佩服,但侬智高只是小毛贼,至于派我狄青征讨只因事情紧急。再者凡是随我出征者,若是尽力杀贼,必有重赏;否则一律按军法论处,不能循私。请先生再三思,若还是愿意随军出征,狄青立即请奏皇上准先生同行。”于是再没有人敢随便要求同行,仅就这一件事,就知道狄青能严守法纪,日后必能成功。

另有一件事,狄青破邕州后,搜查州府时,有人发现有个身穿金龙衣的人,身旁还有一副刻有金龙图案的盾牌,于是猜测侬智高死了,想立刻禀奏皇帝请功,狄青阻止说:“这一切怎知不是贼人故意安排的诈谋,宁可误认侬智高还活着,怎可不加查证而贸然欺骗朝廷?”

综观这两件事,就知道狄青不但不敢让人冒功求赏,即使自己也不敢冒不能确定之功。

8!”0、王越

【原文】

王越抚大同。一日大雪,方坐地炉,使诸妓抱琵琶捧觞侍,而一千户詗虏还,即召入,与谈虏事甚析,大喜,曰:“寒矣!”手金卮饮之。复谈则益喜,命弦琵琶而侑酒,即并金卮与之。[边批:高。]已又谈,则又喜,指妓中最姝丽者曰:“欲之乎?以乞汝。”[边批:更高。]自是千户所至为效死力,积功至指挥。其夜袭虏帐,将至,风暴起,尘翳目,众惑欲归,一老卒前曰:“天赞我也!去而风,使虏不觉。归而卒遇虏人掠者还,而我据上游。皆是风也!”越不觉下马拜。功成,推卒功以为千户。[边批:今人谁肯?]

[评]

平蔡乘雪,夺昆关乘雨,破大同虏乘风,而皆以夜,所谓出其不意也。威宁恩结千户,是大手段,至推功小卒,即淮北面左车,意何以加此!文臣中哪得此等快士!其雄略又出韩襄毅、杨文襄上矣,百陈钺何敢望之!而阿丑以“两钺”为戏,老、韩同传,非公论也!

【译文】

明朝时王越(字世昌,封威宁伯)出任大同巡抚。

一天,天下大雪,王越刚坐在地炉边,命歌妓们弹奏琵琶侍候饮酒时,正巧有一千户(官名,掌兵千名)由虏地侦察敌情回来,王越立即召他入府,仔细的询问他有关虏地的情势,心情愉快的说:“好冷的天呀!”手持金酒杯边喝边谈,又命歌妓弹奏琵琶佐酒。

两人愈谈愈高兴,王越就顺手把金杯送给千户,接着两人又天南地北的话家常,气氛愉快,王越指着歌妓中最美艳的一位对千户说:“喜欢吗?送给你。”从此千户对王越竭尽忠诚的效命,后来累官至指挥官。

某夜,王越命人突袭敌人营地,快到达时,突然刮起风暴,让人眼睛都睁不开,众人都觉得时机不对想回营。有一名老兵上前说:“这是天助我军也!我们来到敌营,天刮大风让敌军守卫无法察觉我们侵入,等到我们完成任务归营,正好遇上入城掠夺的敌军,而我们位于上风处,顺风而行,敌人却逆风而行,这是风助我军也。”

王越一听立即下马拜谢,得胜后,立刻升小兵为千户。

[评译文]

李愬平蔡州是利用下雪,狄青夺昆仑关是借天雨,而王越破大同则是趁暴风,这三次战役都是利用夜晚突袭成功。正是所谓“出其不意”啊!威宁伯施恩千户,是非常高明的手腕,而且能够把功劳归于小卒的气度,比之当年韩信拜服李左车也毫不逊色。在一般文臣之中,哪能多见这等豪爽人物?他的雄才大略与魄力,远超出韩雍(谥襄毅)和杨一清(谥文襄)。即使一百个陈钺这样的人物也赶不上。

而像阿丑(明朝皇宫中一位善于说笑的宦官别名)在戏曲中把“两钺”(指王越和陈钺。陈钺曾任辽东巡抚,因附权宦汪直,为时论攻击;王越亦附汪直,所以有此附会)并称,这和《史记》中把老子与韩非子列为一传一样,都是不公平的。

8!”!”、尔朱荣

【原文】

葛荣举兵向京师,众百万。相州刺史李神隽闭门自守。尔朱荣率骑七千,马皆有副,倍道兼行,东出滏口。葛荣列阵数十里,箕张而进。荣潜军山谷为奇兵,分督将以上三人为一处,处有数百骑,令所在扬尘鼓噪,使贼不测多少,又以人马战,刀不如棒,密勒军士,马上各赍袖棒一枚,至战时,虑废腾逐,不听斩级,[边批:斩级大误事。]使以棒棒之而已。号令严明,将士同奋,荣身自陷阵,出于敌后,表里合击,大破之,擒葛荣,余众率降。荣以贼徒既众,若即分辖,恐其疑惧,乃普令各从所乐,亲属相随,任所居止。于是群情喜悦,数十万众,一朝散尽。待出百里之外,乃始分道押领,随便安置,咸得其宜。擢其渠帅,量才授用,新附者咸安。时人服其处分机速。

【译文】

魏晋南北朝时葛荣聚众百万,朝京师进兵。相州刺史李神隽(后魏人,孝庄帝时,任吏部尚书)紧闭城门坚守不战。

尔朱荣(字天宝)率锐骑兵七千人,带着备用的马匹,日夜赶路东出滏口赴援。葛荣的军阵绵长数十里,由两冀围成箕形前进。尔朱荣暗中在山谷埋伏袭兵,另外以每三名督将为一任务编组,负责指挥数百骑兵,命他们在各自的守备位置,策马驰骋,扬起尘土、大声喊叫,让贼人弄不清楚己方到底有多少兵力。

为了争取主动,尔朱荣调动人马进行接近战,又为了顾虑人在马上对步兵作战,刀剑不如棍棒便捷,并可避免大家争功,抢斩首级,尔朱荣暗中下令,每名骑兵配备袖棒一支,于双方 战时,无须砍下脑袋,用棒棒打。

号令既已严整,将士气势如虹,一声令下,尔朱荣更亲自冲入敌阵,由敌阵的后面与官军前后夹杀,终于大破贼人,擒获葛荣。葛荣的部众也纷纷放下武器投降。

尔朱荣见葛荣部众人数太多,若是立即下令分别管辖,怕贼人心生疑惧再生变,于是下令众人可自行选择部伍,或与亲友相聚,不限制行动,命令公布后,人人欢欣不已,数十万人在一天之内都整编完毕。等大军行到百里外后,才又再重新照个人才能,条件组编,而贼人的将领也都量才任用,使得归顺的贼人都能安心。

当时人人称赞尔朱荣处理事情明快果决。

8!”2、刘

【原文】

建文三年七月,平安自真定率兵攻北平,营于平村,离城五十里,扰其耕牧。世子督众固守。上闻北平被围,召刘 [宿迁人]问策。 慷慨请行,遂与上约曰:“臣至北平,以炮响为号,一次炮响,则决围;二次则进城。若不闻第三次炮响,则臣战死矣。臣若得入城,守城者闻救至,勇气自倍,宜令军士人带十炮,俟三次炮响后,为殿者放炮常不绝声,则远近皆谓大军继至,平安必骇散矣。” 遂进兵,与安战,悉如其策,大败之。

永乐十七年, 为左都督,镇守辽东,巡视诸岛,相度地形,以金州卫金线岛西北之望海埚,地高可望,诸岛寇所必由,实滨海襟喉之地,请筑城堡,立烟燉了望。一日,了者言“东南夜举火有光”, 计寇将至,亟遣马步官军赴埚上小堡备之,令犒师秣马,略不为意;以都指挥徐刚伏兵于山下,百户姜隆帅壮士潜烧贼船,截其归路,乃与之约曰:“旗举炮鸣,伏兵奋击。不用命者,斩!”

翌日倭贼二千余人,乘海鰌直埚下登岸,鱼贯而行,如入无人之境, 被发举旗鸣炮,伏兵尽起,为两翼而进,贼大败,横草莽,余众奔樱桃园空堡中。官兵环而攻之,将士欲入堡剿杀, 不许,故开西壁以纵之,俾两翼夹击,生擒数百,斩首千余级,有遁入鰌者,悉为隆所缚,无一人得免。师还,诸将请曰:“明公见敌,意思安闲。及临阵披铠而战,追贼入堡,不杀而纵之,何也?”

曰:“寇远来必饥且劳,我以逸待劳,以饱待饥,固兵家治力之法耳。贼始鱼贯而来,成长蛇阵,故作真武阵以镇服之。贼既入堡,有死之心,我师攻之,宁无伤乎?故纵之出路而后掩击,即围城必缺之意耳。此皆在兵法,诸君未察乎?”

【译文】

明惠帝建文三年七月,平安(小名保儿,为明太祖养子)从真定率兵进攻北平,大军驻扎在平村,平村离北平只有五十里路,平安的部众常常侵扰当地百姓的耕牧。世子率众人坚守防卫。惠帝听说北平被包皮围,召刘 (初名 ,后改为荣,击倭人有功,封广宁伯)入宫询问对策。

请求惠帝答应他率兵救援,并且与惠帝约定:“臣到北平后,以炮声为信号,第一声炮响表示臣已破围,第二声炮响表示臣正率兵入城,若是听不到第三声炮响,就表示臣已经战死。若是臣能顺利入城,守城的兵卒听到援兵来,自然勇气百倍,这时就命军士携带十枚炮弹,等第三次炮声响过后,令殿后的部队,一枚接一枚发炮,让远近都认为援军源源不断的开到,如此一来,平安一定恐惧害怕而溃散。”

于是率兵进攻,一切照他与惠帝所约定的,果真大败平安。

明成祖永乐十七年,刘 官左都督,镇守辽东,曾巡视附近各岛,侦察地形,发现金州卫的金线岛西北的望海埚,地势高,视野辽阔,且是往来各岛间海寇必经之地,位置险要,于是请求修筑城堡设立瞭望台。

一天,瞭望员报告说:“东南方在夜晚有火光出现。”刘 猜测这是倭寇进兵的先兆,立即派遣兵马增援城堡戒备,一面犒赏士兵,表现出一副没把倭寇放在眼里的姿态;另一面命都指挥史徐刚率兵在山下埋伏,并命百户长姜隆带领勇士暗中烧毁倭船,阻断倭寇的退路。刘 与各军约定,以旗举发炮为信号,所有埋伏的士兵,同时现身攻击,有谁敢不奋勇作战的,一律按军法论斩。

第二天,倭寇二千多人,乘坐海鳅(战船名)直望海埚。上岸后倭兵鱼贯而行,就像进入无人之境。刘 出其不意地举旗鸣炮,埋伏的士兵尽出,由两翼包皮夹倭寇,倭兵大败,横山野,残余的倭寇溃逃入堡中樱桃园。全军的士兵包皮围城堡攻击,将士们想冲入堡中剿灭倭兵,刘 却不答应,故意撤去西边的围兵,好让倭兵突围逃逸。这时才命官军,由两冀包皮夹,生擒数百倭寇,另外杀死数千人,也有倭寇想登战船逃走,也都被姜隆擒获,无一人能幸免。

得胜回来后,诸将问刘 说:“元帅听说倭兵来犯,表现出一副意态安闲的样子,但对敌应战时,元帅又表现得勇猛威武,等到倭兵溃逃遁入城堡,元帅却不但不许我军入堡追杀,反而网开一面任其逃逸,这是什么原因?”

说:“倭寇远道而来,士卒一定又饿又累,我军以逸待劳,以饱待饥,这是兵家必胜之道。倭兵刚登岸入山时,排成一列,鱼贯而行,所以我下令全力攻击,威镇敌兵。等倭兵逃进城堡,已有拚死一战的决心,我军如果攻堡,难保没有伤亡,所以撤去西边围兵,好引诱倭兵突围,而后再追击,这就是‘围城必缺’了,在兵法书上都有,诸位没有看过吗?”

8!”3、马隆

【原文】

晋泰始中,凉州刺吏杨欣失羌戎之和,马隆陈其必败。俄而欣败后,河西断绝。帝每有西顾之忧,临朝叹曰:“谁能为我讨此虏,通凉州者。”隆进曰:“陛下若能任臣,臣能平之。”帝曰:“必能灭贼,何为不任,顾卿方略何如耳?”隆曰:“陛下任臣,当听臣自任,[边批:名言。]臣请募勇士三千人,无问所从来。率之鼓行而西,禀陛下威德,丑虏不足灭也。”乃以隆为武威太守。公卿佥谓不宜横设赏募,帝不听,隆募限要引三十六钧、弓四钧,立标简试,自旦至申,得三千五百人,隆曰:“足矣。”因请自至武库选仗,并给三年军资,[边批,要紧。]隆随西渡 水,虏树机能等众万许,乘险遏隆,或设伏以绝隆后。隆依“八阵图”作偏箱车,地广则为鹿角车营,路狭则为木屋施于车上,且战且前,弓矢所及,应弦而倒。奇谋间发,出敌不意,转战千里,河西遂通。

【译文】

晋武帝太始年间,凉州刺史杨欣与羌戎发生冲突,马隆预测杨欣一定会失败。不久,果然传来杨欣战死的消息,羌戎因此阻断了通往河西的通路。

武帝为此忧虑不已,有一次在早朝时曾叹息说:“有谁能为朕征讨羌戎,打通与凉州之间的通路啊?”马隆启奏说:“陛下若是能信任微臣, 付讨蛮重任,微臣一定能讨平羌戎。”武帝说:“如果贤卿有把握一定能平蛮,朕为什么不能将重任托付给贤卿?希望能听听贤卿有何对策。”马隆说:“陛下既将重责托付微臣,一切当听臣安排。臣请招募三千名勇士,不问出身来历,只要能为陛下竭忠尽力,微臣就带领他们往西征戎。蛮戎又有什么可怕!”武帝答应马隆的请求,任命他为武威太守。朝中卿大夫们都认为不妥,不应该格外以重赏招募士卒,武帝不听。

马隆规定应募的勇士要能拉开三十六钧(钧为重量名,一钧三十斤,四钧为一石)的弓,及发射重达四钧的箭,马隆设置靶标测试,从早到晚一共募得勇士三千五百人。马隆说:“人数够了。”接着请求能自行到军械库挑选合用的武器,并要求发给够三年用的后勤物资。

马隆随即率兵西渡 水,羌戎率众万人扼守险要,迎战马隆,甚而埋伏袭兵想阻断马隆的补给。马隆依照八阵图(此指诸葛亮所作,有洞当阵,中黄阵,龙腾阵,鸟翔阵,连衡阵,握机阵,虎翼阵,折冲阵等),作偏箱车(战车名,每车可载衣粮器械,配有槍炮弓刀牌甲士共十人),在宽广的地形就用鹿角车(兵车名),碰到狭窄的路面就在车上架设木屋,一边与羌人作战,一边向河西推进,敌人纷纷应弦而倒。马隆还常常出敌不意的发动奇兵攻击羌戎,就这样转战千里,终于打通晋与河西间的通路。

8!”4、陶鲁

【原文】

天顺初,韩襄毅公征广东峒贼,忧其险阻难下,方食踌躇,适新会丞陶鲁直膳在侧,公顾之,问曰:“丞揣我何意?”鲁曰:“得非谋贼耶?”雍曰:“然,丞能为我击贼否?”曰:“匪直能,且易耳。”[边批:韩公异人,非大言不足以动之。]公怒曰:“吾部下文武百千人,熟视无可当吾寄者,[边批:真无当。]若妄言,合笞!”鲁不拜,抗言曰:“夫贼难攻者,非贼难也,我难其攻贼者也。公特未悉我能耳。”公异之,改容问曰:“若所将几何而办?”曰:“三百人足矣。”公曰:“何少也?”曰:“兵在不在多。”公曰:“唯汝择。”鲁乃标式曰:“孰能力举百钧,矢射二百步者。”军士凡十五万,其比于式者,才二百五十人,曰:“未也。”复下令募数日,始足,鲁乃为别将,日操练阵法,劳以牛酒,甘苦共之。士乐为死,率以先登,大破贼,斩首无算,所得贼穴中金帛,悉分给三百人,己无与者。[边批:要紧。]贼闻陶家军至,不遁即降,无敢抗。语有之:“一夫决,万夫避。”况三百人乎?

[述评]

今塞下征兵,动数十万,其中岂无三百人哉!谁为鲁者?即有鲁,谁为用鲁者?噫!王弇州云:“鲁机明内运,而神观不足,县事多不治。或从令、尉列见上官,时时昏睡,虽督榜不恤也。韩公威严拟王者,三司长吏见,长跪白事,慑悚失措。鲁事之,若不为意,诚异人哉!”使在今日,先以不治事、不敬上官罢去久矣,孰知此丞之有用如是乎?

【译文】

明英宗天顺初年,韩雍出兵征讨广东峒贼(中国西南蛮夷,即峒徭),因峒蛮据守险要,一时难以攻克。

有一天,正在吃饭时,韩雍想到无法突破目前困境烦恼不已。正巧,县丞陶鲁(字自强,有智谋,善于安抚士卒,屡建奇功)也在一旁用饭,韩雍转头问他:“县丞可知本帅在想什么吗?”陶鲁说:“无非是破蛮败峒的对策。”韩雍说:“对,县丞能为本帅击败峒蛮吗?”陶鲁答:“小丞不但能为元帅平蛮,而且轻而易举。”韩雍生气的说:“本帅辖有文武部属不下千百人,也曾仔细观察,找不到一个可以托付重任的人。你若 言乱语,就接受鞭打的处分。”

陶鲁一听,并没有下跪谢罪,反而申辩说:“难克敌,并不是敌人难克,而是难在我们找不出克敌的人,元帅只是不明白我的本领,不是我故意 言乱语。”韩雍听了陶鲁的解释大感惊异,于是神情严肃的问道:“县丞平蛮需要多少兵马?”陶鲁答:“三百人足够了。”韩雍说:“为什么兵力这么少?”陶鲁答:“兵在良不在人多。”韩雍说:“任凭县丞挑选。”

于是陶鲁公告比试录取的两个标准:能徒手举重百钧,射箭能远达二百步。韩雍部众有十五万人,经过比试合格者才二百五十人。陶鲁说:“人数不够。”于是再下令招募,经过几天,才募足所需的人数。

陶鲁另立副将,日夜操练阵法,每天以酒肉慰劳受训的士兵,与他们同甘共苦,士卒都甘心为他效命。攻城时陶鲁的勇士一举先登,大破夷蛮,其死伤无法计数,所卤获的金银,丝帛全部分给三百勇士,自己丝毫不取。

尔后蛮夷一听陶家军至,无须 手就自动投降,无人敢与陶家军对抗,正是所谓“一人抱必死之心,万夫都纷纷走避”,更何况是三百人都抱必死之心呢?

[述评译文]

今天(明朝)讨伐蛮夷,动辄出兵数十万,难道其中找不出三百名抱定必死一战的勇士?只是谁能像陶鲁那般带兵呢?即使有像陶鲁这样的人才,又有谁会重用他呢?唉!王弇州说:“陶鲁足智多谋,但外表却看不出来,治理县政常荒废政务,与众官列队晋见长官时,常打瞌睡,即使提醒他,他也毫不在意。韩雍治军号令严明,本人更是具有王者威仪,一般官员见了他,总是跪着向他报告,一副手足失措的样子。但陶鲁却仍漫不经心,实在是怪人!假使陶鲁生在今天,早就因为荒废政务、不敬长官而被免职了,谁会知道这样的县丞有如此的才干?

8!”5、韩雍

【原文】

天顺初,两广乱,韩公雍往讨。师次大藤峡,道隘,旁夹水田。有儒生、里老数百人,跪持香曰:“我辈苦贼久矣,今幸天兵至,得为良民,愿先三军锋。”公遽叱曰:“是皆贼也,为我缚斩之。”左右初亦疑。既缚而袂中利刃出,乃悉断颈,截手足,刳肠胃,分挂箐棘中,累累相属,贼大惊沮。

公尝出兵,令五鼓战,将领闻贼已觉,恐迟失事,二更即发,大破之。公赏其功,而问以违令之罪,以军令当斩,乃具闻请释,曰:“万一不用命而败,奈何?”人谓公得将将之体。

[评]

街亭马谡、好水川任福之败,皆以违令致之。必不贪功,而后功成于万全,公之虑远矣。

【译文】

明英宗天顺初年,两广境内有盗匪作乱,韩雍率兵平乱。大军来到大藤峡时,前面路面狭窄,路两旁尽是水田,只见有数百名书生打扮的百姓和耆老,手持案香跪在路旁,见了韩雍说:“我们受匪盗侵扰,生活困苦已经有一段很长的时日了,今天总算老天有眼,派天兵来解救我们,又再能回到往日平静的生活,因此我们愿意为大军领路消灭匪盗,为大军前锋。”韩雍大声怒叱说:“你们这些贼人,统统给我拿下斩首。”左右起初对韩雍的命令还有些迟疑,等到从他们手袖中抽出兵器后才深信不疑,于是砍下贼人的脑袋,四肢,挖出他们的肝肺,分别挂在树枝上,贼人见了,大为惊惧沮丧。

有一次韩雍下令士兵五更出击,而将领们听说贼人已有警觉,唯恐夜长梦多,延误时机,所以二更时分就发兵,大破贼兵。事后,韩雍按功行赏,然而问到违抗军令的罪责时,韩雍却下令将违令者斩首,将领请求解释原因,希望能予以赦免。韩雍说:“这次若不是因为军士能奋勇应战,失败了该怎么说?”有人说,韩雍深得带将之道。

[评译文]

马谡(三国蜀汉人,字幼常,与魏将张郃战于街亭,因违抗诸葛亮军令而大败。退守汉中,下狱而死)街亭之役,任福(宋人,字祐之)好水川之役,都是因违抗军令而失败的。身为将帅能不贪功才能立于不败之地,韩雍治军可说是思虑深远。

8!”6、李继隆

【原文】

淳化中,李继捧为定难军节度使,与弟继迁谋叛。朝廷遣李继隆率兵讨之。继隆夜入绥州,欲径袭夏州。或谓夏州贼帅所在,我兵少,恐不能克,不若先据石堡以观贼势。继隆曰:“不然,我兵既少,若径入夏州,出其不意,彼亦未能料我众寡;若先据石堡,众寡一露,岂能复进?”乃引兵驰入抚宁县,继捧犹未觉。遂进攻夏州,继捧狼狈出迎,擒之以归。

【译文】

北宋太宗淳化年间,李继捧(西夏人,太平兴国年间率族人入朝称臣,宋太宗授节度使,赐姓名赵保忠)授命为定难军节度使,暗中却与弟弟李继迁(李继捧族弟。继捧归顺宋朝后,继迁遁逃,辽人册立为夏国王,宋命继捧征讨无功,于是招降,赐姓名赵保吉)勾结图谋反叛。

朝廷命李继隆(字霸图,屡建战功)率兵平乱。李继隆抵达绥州时已是夜晚,想直接袭击夏州。有些将领认为,夏州是叛贼的大本营,我军兵力薄弱,恐怕难以取胜,不如先占领石堡,了解敌我形势后再进兵。

李继隆却说:“不然,正因我军兵力少,若现在直接进攻夏州,叛贼一定料想不到,而叛贼也无法估计我军的兵力;若是先占领石堡,敌众我寡,情势分明,哪能再进攻呢?”于是率兵急奔入抚宁县,李继捧还毫无警觉,等李继隆军队进攻夏州时,李继捧才仓皇应战,终于擒获李继捧,胜利回朝。

8!”7、吴成器

【原文】

休宁吴成器由吏员为余姚主簿时, 梅林用兵之际,闻倭至绍兴,欲择能事者往探。县令已遣丞,丞惧,不欲行。吴大言曰:“探一信便畏缩,况 锋耶?”丞以告令,令壮其言,荐于院, 公召见,问:“吴簿能探贼乎?”曰:“能。”公曰:“若果能往,当以某部二千人畀汝,听汝指挥。”吴曰:“不须如许,但容某自选择,乃可从之。”吴于教场立格,选得五百人,帅之往。见所过山村俱束装谋遁,吴谕之:“无畏,大兵随后至矣。但尔曹须从我戒。”众唯唯听命。吴指山间草积,谓曰:“尔若遁,此皆非汝有,今与汝约,以炮声为号,为我举火焚之,我为尔杀贼。”众许诺,夜半行至陶家畈,探知倭船十三只泊河下,群倭掳掠既饱,聚饮村中,搂妇人而卧。乃分遣五百人歼其守船者,徙其舟,连举大炮,山民如约,皆举火,倭于梦中闻炮声,惊起,则火光烛天,疑大兵至,争窜至河下,已失舟,方彷徨寻觅,吴率众呼噪而至,斩获数百级,倭自此绝不敢犯绍兴。 公上其功,随升绍兴府判,后升佥事。

[评]

如此吏员,恐科甲中亦不易得也。

【译文】

明朝人休宁县的吴成器本是小小吏员,后升至余姚县主簿。当时 梅林正想出兵平定倭乱,听说倭人侵扰绍兴,就想派一名能干机灵的人,到绍兴打探情势。县令派县丞前去,但县丞却满心不愿意,吴成器见县丞百般推辞,就大声说:“只是前去打探消息就畏缩害怕,如果是要你冲锋陷阵,那怎么办呢?”县丞把这番话转述县令,县令非常欣赏吴成器的豪迈,于是把他推荐给 梅林。

梅林召见他,并且问道:“你能为我到倭贼营地打探消息吗?” 吴成器说:“能。” 梅林说:“如果你果真愿意前去,我拨两千人给你,任你指挥。”吴成器答:“不需要这么多人,只希望能让在下自行挑选。” 梅林依他所要求,吴成器在校场贴出公告,经过比试后选出五百人,一起前往绍兴。

沿途经过山村,村民见了他们,都收拾细软想遁逃,吴成器面告村民说:“不要害怕,官军随后就到了,平定倭乱后,大家都能过太平日子。但现在你们必须要听命于我。”众人点头答应。吴成器指着山上的积草说:“你们若逃走,这些草堆都不再属于你们的了。现在我和各位约定,以炮声为信号,听到炮声,你们就为我放火烧,我为各位杀寇平乱。”众人点头答应。

半夜时,吴成器率军来到陶家河畔,探知有十三艘倭船停泊在下游。倭寇在大肆抢掠后,正在村中欢饮庆功,喝醉了就搂着女人睡觉。吴成器先派人杀了船上守卫,解开缆绳让船顺水飘流,接着连连发炮,村民一听到炮声,都照所约定的放火烧山,倭人在昏睡中惊醒,只见满天火光,以为明朝派大军围剿,争相窜逃到河边,但船已流失,正慌张寻找时,吴成器已率兵喊杀而来,斩杀数百倭兵。

倭人从此不敢再侵扰绍兴。

事后, 梅林奏报吴成器的战功,晋升为绍兴府判官,后累官至佥事。

[评译]

像吴成器这样有军事才略的吏员,即使科举选出的人里也难求得到。

8!”8、王守仁

【原文】

明以勘事过丰城,闻逆濠之变,兵力未具,亟欲溯流趋吉安。舟人闻濠发千余人来劫公,畏不敢发,公拔剑馘其耳,遂行。薄暮,度不可前,潜觅渔舟,以微服行,留麾下一人,服己冠服,居舟中。濠兵果犯舟,得伪者,知公去远,乃罢。公至中途,恐濠速出,乃为间谍,假奉朝廷密旨,行令两广。湖襄都御史及南京兵部,各命将出师,暗伏要害地方,以俟宁府兵至袭杀。复取优人数辈,各将公文置夹衣絮中,将发间,又捕捉伪太师家属至舟尾,令其觇知,公即佯怒,牵之上岸处斩,已而故纵之,令其奔报。濠获优,果于衣中搜得公文,遂迟疑不发。公至吉安,调度兵粮粗备,始传檄征兵,暴濠罪恶,濠知为公所卖,愤然欲出。公谓:“急犯其锋,非计也。宜示以自守不出之形,必俟其出,然后尾而图之。先复省城,以倾其巢。彼闻,必回兵来援,我则出兵邀而击之,此全胜之策。”濠果使人探公不出,乃留兵万余守省城,而自引兵东下,公闻濠已出,遂急促各府兵,刻期会于丰城,时濠兵已围安庆,众议宜急往救,公谓:“九 、南康皆已为贼所据,而南昌城中悍万余,食货重积,我兵若抵安庆,贼必回军死斗,安庆之兵仅足自守,必不能出而夹攻。贼令南昌兵绝我粮道,九 、南康合势挠摄,而四方之援又不可望,事其危矣!今我师骤集,先声所加,城中必恐,并力急攻,其势必下,此孙子救韩趋魏之计也!”侦者言:“新、旧厂伏兵万余,以备犄角。”公遣兵从间道袭破之,溃卒入城,城中知王师雨集,皆大骇,遂一鼓下之,濠闻我兵至丰城,即欲回舟,李士实谏,以为,必须径往南京,既登大宝,则 西自服。”濠不听,遂解安庆之围,移兵泊阮子 ,为归援计。公闻濠兵且至,召众议之,众云:“宜敛兵入城,坚壁待援。”公曰:“不然,彼闻巢破,胆已丧矣,先出锐卒,要其惰归,一挫其锐,将不战而溃,所谓‘先声有夺人之气’也。”乃指授伍文定等方略,先以游兵诱之,复佯北以致之,俟其争前趋利,然后四面合击,伏兵并起,又虑城中宗室或内应为变,亲慰谕之,出给告示,凡胁从者不问,虽尝受贼官职,能逃归者,皆免死,能斩贼徒归降者,皆给赏,使内外居民及乡导人等四路传布。又分兵攻九 、南康,以绝其援。于是群力并举,逆首就擒。

[按]

陈眉公《见闻录》,谓宸濠之败,虽结于 西,而实溃于安庆。虽收功于王明,而实得力于李梧山。李讳充嗣,四川内 人,正德十四年巡抚南畿,闻宸濠请增护卫,叹曰:“虎而翼,祸将作矣。”遂力陈反状,廷议难之。公乃旦夕设方略,饬武备,以御贼为念。谓安庆畿辅,适当贼冲,非得人莫守。当诸将庭参,于众中独揖指挥使杨锐而进之曰:“皖城保障,委之于子。毋负我!”十五年,贼兵陷九 ,公自将万人,屯采石,以塞上游之路。飞檄皖城,谕以忠义。锐感激思奋,相机应敌,发无不捷。

节发间谍火牌云:“为紧急军情事,该钦差太监总兵等官,统领边官军十万余,一半将到南京,一半径趋安庆。并调两广狼兵,湖广土兵,即日水陆并进,俱赴安庆会集,刻期进攻 西叛贼。今将火牌飞报前路官司,一体同心防守,预备粮草,听候应用等因。”

宸濠舟至李河,遇火牌,览之惊骇,由是散亡居半,继又发水卒千人,盛其标帜,乘飞舰百余艘,鼓噪而进,声为安庆应援,城中望见,士气百倍,锐即开门出敌,水陆夹攻,贼遂大溃。

时宸濠营于黄石矶,闻败将遁,公自将兵逐北,宸濠奔入鄱湖,适遇巡抚王公明引兵至湖,遂成擒焉。后论功竟不及公, 御史洁目击其事,特为论列,不报,故今人盛称明,而不及梧山,亦有幸有不幸欤?

[又按]

宸濠兵起,声言直取南京,道经安庆,太守张文锦与守备杨锐等合谋,令军士鼓噪登城大骂,激怒逆濠,使顿兵挫锐于坚城之下。而明得成其功,虽天夺其魄,而张、杨诸公之智,亦足述矣。

【译文】

明(即王守仁,字伯安,世称明先生)抚南赣时,路经丰城,听说朱宸濠(明宗室,武宗时占领南昌起兵,欲进占南京,帝派王守仁巡抚南赣,后兵败被擒,诛于通州)发兵叛乱,由于王守仁兵力不足,因此想尽快溯 赶往吉安征调兵力)。船家听说朱宸濠派出一千多人,想要截杀王守仁,都害怕得不敢搭载他,王守仁拔剑割下船家一只耳,船家才不得不发船。

傍晚时分,王守仁估量自己无法再搭乘大船继续往前行,于是暗中雇了一条小渔船,换上普通百姓的衣服,留下一名属下,穿上自己的朝服,继续留在大船上。朱宸濠果然派人拦阻搜捕,抓到那名假扮的王守仁,才知道真的王守仁早已走远,这才作罢。

王守仁在往吉安途中,怕朱宸濠在短时间内会挥兵进攻南京,于是想出一个反间计,假装身奉朝廷密旨,被任命为两广湖襄都御史,统领两京兵部,一面命各将率众埋伏在各出入要道,见到宁王府朱宸濠的兵卒就袭击格杀。王守仁又召来乐工,暗中在他们所带的行李,夹衣中,放置公文,这一幕故意让朱宸濠的太师家属看见,然后王守仁故意生气要斩杀他们,等他们被绑缚法场准备行刑时,却又故意制造机会,好让他们乘隙逃走,奔至朱宸濠处将所见报告朱宸濠。朱宸濠捕获乐工,果然在他们行李中搜到公文,于是犹疑不敢贸然进兵南京。

王守仁到了吉安后,急忙征调兵马粮草,这才揭发朱宸濠罪行,昭告天下,共同讨平叛贼。朱宸濠才明白被王守仁蒙骗了,立即发兵,想剿灭王守仁。王守仁知道此时与朱宸濠硬碰硬并非上策,应该摆出坚守不战的姿态,等朱宸濠率军往他地时,再尾随其后,创造良机。王守仁认为,首要之务应先光复南昌,攻击朱宸濠的老巢,朱宸濠一定回兵来救,这时再出击迎战,如此才是必胜的上策。

朱宸濠果然派人侦察王守仁的动向,知道王守仁坚守不战,于是留下一万名的部众防卫南昌,而自己却率大军东下。王守仁听说朱宸濠已率兵东下,就急忙下令各府兵马,立即在丰城会师,当时朱宸濠的大军已包皮围安庆,诸将都认为应该救援安庆。王守仁说:“九 、南康都已被朱宸濠攻陷,而南昌城中有一万名兵,粮食充足,我军若是前往安庆救援,叛贼一定拚死迎战,而安庆的兵力仅能自保,不能出城与我军配合夹击叛贼。如果叛贼命南昌派兵断绝我军粮道,再联合九 、南康的兵力夹击我军,我军若得不到外地援军,情势就非常不利。现在我军会师丰城,声势夺人,南昌贼兵必心生恐惧,我军合力进攻,必能一举破城,这是《孙子兵法》中围魏救赵的计谋。”

这时探员报告,新旧厂附近,各有伏兵共计万人,互为犄角之势。于是王守仁下令由小路袭击,贼兵溃败,退入城中,王守仁再率兵攻城,城中人在听说各路官军大会师时,已人心动摇,再见王守仁率兵攻城,也就一攻而破。朱宸濠听说官军会师丰城,就想搭船回城,李士实(官至右都御史,善作诗画,因归附朱宸濠被诛)谏阻说:“下官认为不如直接进攻南京,夺得天子之位, 西自然归服。”但朱宸濠不听,从安庆撤军,先驻扎阮子 边,策划救援南昌。

王守仁听说朱宸濠班师救援,就召集诸将商议,诸将说:“我们不如退兵入城,坚守不战,等待援军前来。”王守仁说:“不可,贼兵听说老巢已破,已经丧胆,先让他们所派出的兵无功而退,挫他们的锐气,接着贼兵就会不战而败,这就是所谓‘先发制人’,能够夺人气势。”于是指示伍文定等诸将应战的方略,先以游击兵诱敌,然后假装不敌败走,等贼兵为抢功追击时,埋伏的士卒再群起围攻。王守仁又顾虑城中的皇室宗亲,或许仍是朱宸濠的内应,于是亲自一一的拜访他们,并且出示公文告示,凡过去曾受朱宸濠胁迫而为内应者,一律不予追究;虽曾接受朱宸濠任命的官职,现在能投诚反正者,也一律免去死罪;而能杀叛贼者,都论功行赏。王守仁命人将此告示四处张贴散布,另一方面又派兵分攻九 、南康,以断绝两地的救援,终于群策合力擒获朱宸濠。

[按译文]

陈眉公(陈继儒)《见闻录》记载,

朱宸濠兵败虽结束于 西,实际上却是在安庆种下败因,虽然战功首推王守仁,实际上却应归功李梧山。李梧山又名充嗣,四川内 人。正德十四年,巡抚南畿时,听说朱宸濠请求增加护卫,叹息说:“猛虎添翼,恐怕有兵祸要发生了。”于是上书极力反对。但大臣们却不赞同。

李梧山日夜加紧防备,整饰军伍,时时刻刻不忘御贼。他认为安庆位置正当要冲,一定要选择适当的将领防守。当满朝武将齐集参拜时,独独向皇帝推荐杨锐(字进之,守备安庆。朱宸濠反,东下至安庆。杨锐日夜抵御,知朱宸濠率兵十万,战船相连六十余里,召募勇士暗劫贼营,朱宸濠大惊解围而去。),说:“我把保卫皖城的重任托付给你,你不要辜负我的期望。”

正德十五年,朱宸濠攻陷九 。李梧山一面派一万名士兵在上游堆积石块,以堵塞上游之路,一面派人紧急通知皖城戒备,并以忠孝节义勉励杨锐。杨锐在感激之余,更加惕励奋发,相机应变,战无不胜。另外伪造火牌令说:“因军情紧急,特命钦差太监为总兵,统领官军十余万人,一半派赴南京,一半派赴安庆。并征调两广狼兵,湖广士兵,即日起分由水、陆同时出发,在安庆会师。限期进攻 西、剿灭叛贼。今日以火牌飞报,前路各将领需同心一体防守戒备,屯积粮草,准备应战。”朱宸濠的战船行至李河,截下火牌,一看之下,大为惊慌,贼兵散亡一半。

李梧山又派一千水兵,搭乘百艘船舰,在船上升起军旗,命船上军士大声叫喊,为安庆声援,城中守兵看到之后,士气大振。杨锐立即打开城门率兵迎敌,水陆两路夹攻,贼兵大溃而

逃,当时朱宸濠在黄石矶扎营,听说士兵溃逃,就趁夜遁逸,李梧山又亲自率兵追击,朱宸濠逃至鄱湖,正巧碰上王守仁率兵到鄱湖,于是被擒。

后世论功竟不提及李梧山,御史 洁曾目睹整个事件发生的经过,还特别论述,但并没有奏禀朝廷。以一般人只大大称赞王守仁,却遗忘李梧山的功迹。唉,人幸运与否的差异真大啊!

[又按译文]

冬朱宸濠兵变之初,曾表明要直攻南京。路经安庆时,太守张文锦与守备杨锐等人商议,下令军士大声叫喊,并且登上城楼辱骂朱宸濠,使得朱宸濠因愤怒转而攻城,因此朱宸濠大军受挫于杨锐死守的安庆城下,最后王守仁能一举擒获朱宸濠,朱宸濠之败虽是天意,但张文锦,杨锐等人的智谋,也值得称道。

8!”9、杨锐

【原文】

杨锐守备九 、安庆诸郡,既获 贼,监司喜,公曰:“ 贼何足忧,所虞者豫章耳!”意指宸濠也。又谓九 为鄱上流,不可恃,湖最要害,当以九 中左所一旅,置戍于湖口县之高岭,可以远望,有警即可达。乃绘图呈南部及各台,又请造战舰若干艘, 水战于 上。城中治兵食,多浚井。闻宁濠变作,先引军设钩距于 侧,禁勿泄,比寇至,船二百余艘抵岸,为钩距所破。寇攻城后败去,濠泊船南岸,闻不克,大怒,率众分攻五门,各首举木为蔽,甚急,公裂帛布覆纸裹火药千数,散投所蔽木上,火发,尽弃走,火光周匝不绝,寇无所遁。寇复于北濠结木为栈,与城接,挟兵而进。城中大惊,公曰:“事急矣!”乃诡以“大将军”火铳实石被绯,金鼓迎置城上,寇兵望见,惊惧未进。潜使一卒从间道出,烧栈绝。寇众解结,且溽暑,力惫,夜鼾睡去。公募善泅者数人,于船中闻鼾声即斩首,绝其缆,放之中流;又遣一二强卒,突入岸上营,举火炮,城上应之,乘胜捕杀。声震数里,濠浩叹出涕,举帆顺风而返。

[注]

安庆不守,则明之功不成,故以杨锐附明之后。

【译文】

杨锐镇守九 、安庆等城,在缉捕水盗后,监司(官名,监察州郡之官)很高兴。杨锐说:“水盗不值得烦恼,我顾虑的只有朱宸濠。”又说九 镇位居鄱湖上游,不足以凭恃,反倒是鄱湖位置险要,所以建议在九 守备军中,拨出一旅的兵马,戍守湖口县的高地,可以监视整个湖面,万一有不寻常或紧急的状况,也能立即掌握情况。杨锐将守备的计划呈报朝廷及各府台,另外又请求建造多艘战舰,在 上训练士兵熟悉水战。而在城中也令百姓屯积粮食,开凿深井,随时准备应战。

在听说朱宸濠起兵叛变后,杨锐先率兵在 边秘密设置铁钩,等叛贼的二百艘战船靠岸时,船只都被铁钩破坏,接着,叛贼攻城又告失败。朱宸濠的座船停靠在河的另一岸边,听到攻城失利非常生气,于是命众贼分攻五个城门,举木蔽顶,全力攻击,一时情势危急。杨锐命人将棉布撕裂包皮裹火药,再覆以纸张,做成数千枚火药包皮,引火散投在蔽木上,一时火光四起,叛贼失去蔽护,死伤惨重。

接着,叛贼又在北面的城沟以木架筑栈道,想连接城内,由栈道攻城。一时城中人心惶惶,杨锐认为事情紧急,于是心生一计,假装把大火铳填满石块,并排列在城墙上,欺瞒贼兵。叛贼望见巨铳如林,果然不敢强攻。杨锐又暗派一名士卒由小道偷溜出城,焚毁栈道,断绝叛贼由栈道攻城的意图。

这期间正是大热暑天,人容易疲倦,一躺下便鼾声四起,杨锐召募善于游泳的士兵,趁夜溜上贼船,听见鼾声就割下人头,再割断缆绳,让贼船顺水飘流。杨锐又派一两名体型壮硕的士兵,潜入岸边贼营,四处发放火炮,城中闻声,也放炮应之,乘胜捕杀贼兵,杀声远震数里。

朱宸濠浩叹地流下眼泪,升帆顺风退走。

[注译文]

如果杨锐不能坚守安庆城,那么王守仁就无法顺利擒贼,成就大功,所以将杨锐的事迹附在王守仁之后。

820、沈希仪

【原文】

沈都督希仪,初为右 参将。右 城外五里即贼巢,贼詗者耳目遍官府,即闺闼中稍动色,贼在溪沿数百里外辄知。希仪至,顾令熟瑶恣出入,嬉游城中,而求得与瑶通商贩者数十人,厚抚之,使为詗。[边批:军中用詗,是第一义。]于是贼动静声息,顾往往为我所先得。

每出剿,即肘腋亲近不得闻。至期鸣号,则诸兵立集听令,[边批:曹玮后身。]令曰:“出某门。”旗头即引诸军贸贸行。问旗头,旗头自不知,顷之扎营,贼众至,战方合而伏又左右起,贼大败去。已贼寇他所,官军又已先在,虽绝远村聚,贼度官军所不至者,寇之,军又未尝不在,贼惊以为神。即官军亦不知希仪何自得之也。所剿必其剧巢,缚管绳为记,无妄杀。得妇女牛畜,果邻巢者,悉还之。唯助贼者,还军立剿,曰:“若奈何助贼战?”或刀而门瞷者,曰:“罚若牛五,若奈何刀瞷我师?”于是贼惊服。无敢助贼及门瞷者。

常欲剿一巢,乃佯卧病,所部入问病,谢不见。明日入问,希仪起曰:“吾病,思鸟兽肉,若辈能从我猎乎?”[边批:裴行俭袭都支。]即起出猎,出贼一二里而止营,军中乃知非猎也。最后计擒其尤黠猾善战者,支解之,四悬城门,见者股栗。

常以悲风凄雨,天色冥冥夜,察诸贼所止宿,散遣人赍火若炮,衣毳帽,与草色同,潜贼巢中,夜炮举,贼大骇曰:“老沈来矣!”挈妻子逃至山顶,儿啼女咷,往往寒冻死,或触崖石死,妻子相怨:“汝作贼何利至此?”

明詗之,则寂无人,已相闻,愈益惊;詗之,则老沈固在参府不出也。[边批:的是鬼神不测。]自此贼胆落。

或易面为熟瑶,而柳城旁一童子牵牛行深山,无敢詗者矣。后熟瑶既闻公威信,征调他巢,虽惧仇,不敢不往,甚而大雨,瑶惧失期,泅溪水以应。论者以为自广西为将,韩观、山云之伦,能使瑶不为贼,希仪则使瑶人攻贼,前此未有也。

【译文】

明朝名将沈希仪(字唐佐,官拜都督)最初任官右 参将。那时右 城外五里处即是贼巢,贼人的密探把官府的一举一动全探听得清清楚楚,甚至连官员家中的芝麻小事,住在数百里外山洞里的盗匪也一清二楚。

沈希仪到任以后,首先准许熟徭(汉化的徭族)自由 出入城内,接着招抚与徭人 易的数十名商人,给予他们优厚的报偿,让他们充当间谍。从此盗贼的一举一动,官府也都能了如指掌,得占先机。

沈希仪每次出兵剿贼,事先连最亲信的部属也不知道,临时鸣号通知全军将士集合听令,令曰:“由某个城门出城。”队伍由掌旗官带领,至于目的地是哪里,却连掌旗官也不知道。到了时候命令扎营,大批盗匪开到时,沈希仪才快速部署,完成埋伏,再突然从左右发兵,让盗匪措手不及,大败而逃。然后当贼兵移军他处,袭击某个村落时,却发觉官军早已先一步在村落守候了,即便是最偏远的村落,贼兵有十足的把握官军不会前来围剿,可是却往往又陷入官军的陷阱,使贼兵不由惊呼神军。就连官军自己也不明白,沈希仪为什么料事如神。

沈希仪在剿灭贼巢之前,必先打探清楚贼巢所在,用管绳作记号,以避免杀错,掳获了妇女和牲畜,如果查明确属邻村的,立即予以遣还,只有暗中勾通、协助贼人的百姓,立刻加以剿灭,并责备他们:“为什么去帮助贼匪攻击善良百姓呢?”或发现有人在门后拿着刀剑,弓箭偷偷地窥伺,想伺机偷袭的通敌者,立刻加逮捕,并告诫道:“你为什么要拿着武器随时窥伺我们呢,罚你出五头牛犒军。”于是贼匪惊服,再也没人敢私下通敌和窥伺而动了。

沈希仪一旦决定了歼灭贼巢的计划,便装病躺在床 上休息,部下前来探视,他都推辞不见。第二天,又有部属前来探病,他才起身说:“我生病,胃口不好,想吃点野味开胃,你们愿不愿意跟我出去打猎?”于是率领部下出猎,当晚就在离贼营一、二里处扎营,这时将士才明白沈希仪根本不是真的要打猎,最后终于用计擒服贼营中最狡猾善战的贼兵,把他们的首肢解后,悬在城门示众,看见的人都为之心惊胆战。

沈希仪经常在大风雨的夜晚,偷偷侦查贼人宿营的地方,然后派遣军士携带火炮,穿戴上与草同色的衣帽,潜入贼营,到午夜时就点火发炮,贼兵莫不惊慌失措,一边高喊,老沈来了!”一边拚命往山顶上跑,一时之间,孩子哭,老婆叫,再加上正是天寒地冻的季节,很多贼人都被活活冻死,也有的被落石砸死,因此不少贼人的妻子,都埋怨丈夫:“你加入贼 究竟有什么好处?”第二天天亮,贼兵派人回巢查探,发现老巢中竟空无一人,惊讶究竟昨夜是谁偷袭。再派人到城中打探,老沈仍高坐参将府衙,根本不曾外出。

从此贼人更为丧胆,纷纷出山归顺,或易服为熟徭,即使是柳城旁的一个孩童牵牛入山,都不会再有徭贼扰。

后来,熟徭人知道沈公的威信,每当听到沈希仪征调他们攻击其他徭贼时,虽然担忧与他徭结仇,但不敢不往,有时候碰到天雨山路难行,他们怕误了集合时间,常冒险渡急湍跑步前往报到。

后人曾评论,曾任广西边将的韩观、山云(山青之子)等人,虽能使徭人不与汉人为敌,但唯有沈希仪能使徭贼自相攻杀,这种事过去从未发生。

82!”、赵臣

【原文】

岑璋者,归顺州土官也,多智略,善养士。田州岑猛,其婿也。猛不法,督抚上反状,诏诸土官能擒馘猛者,赐秩一级,畀半地; 助者并诛。都御史姚镆将举兵,而虑璋合谋,咨于都指挥沈希仪,沈知部下千户赵臣与璋善,召臣问计,曰:“微闻璋女失 ,璋颇恨猛,吾欲役璋破猛,如何?”臣对曰:“璋多智而持疑,直语之,必不信,可以计遣,难以力役也。”沈曰:“计将安出?”臣曰:“镇安、归顺,世仇也。公使人归顺,则镇安疑;使人镇安,则归顺疑。公若遣臣征兵镇安,璋必邀臣询故,而端倪可动也。”沈如计遣臣,臣枉道诣璋所,坐而叹息。璋叩之,不言,明日,璋置酒款臣,固叩之:“军门督过我耶?璋受侮邻仇,将逮勘耶?”臣皆曰:“否,否。”璋愈疑,乃挽臣卧内,跪叩之,臣潸然泣下,璋亦泣,曰:“嗟乎赵君!璋今日死即死耳,君何忍秘厄我?”臣曰:“与君异口骈心,有急不敢不告,今日非君死,即我死矣!”璋曰:“何故?”臣曰:“军门奉旨征田州,谓君以妇翁 猛,将檄镇安兵袭君。我不言,君必死矣;我言之,而君骤发,败机事,我必死,是以泣耳。”璋大惊,顿息曰:“今日非赵君,我族矣!”遂强臣称病,留传舍,而亟遣人驰军门,备陈猛反状。恐波及,愿自效。沈许之,遂以白镆,镆始专意攻猛。

猛子邦彦守王尧隘,璋遣千人助之,使为内应,皆以寸帛缀裾为识,而潜以告沈。时田州兵死守隘,众莫敢前,沈独往,战三合,沈以奇兵千余骑间道绕隘侧,旗帜闪闪,归顺兵呼曰:“天兵从间道入矣。”[边批:朱序间秦兵类此。]田州兵惊溃,沈乘之,斩首数千,邦彦死。猛闻败,欲自经,璋诱之,使走归顺,奉以别馆。[边批:多事。]而别将 尧元等嫉沈功,[边批:可恨。]欲以万人擣归顺。璋先觉之,遣人持百牛千酝,迎军三十里,谓尧元曰:“昨猛败,将越归顺走 南,璋邀击之,猛目集流矢南去,不知所往,急之,恐纠虏为变,幸缓五日,当搜致。”尧元许之。璋复构茅舍千间,[边批:有用之才。]一夕而讫。诸军安之,无进志,璋还诡猛曰:“天兵退矣,然非陈奏不白。”猛曰:“然,顾安得属草者?”璋即令人为猛具草,促猛出印封之,既知猛印所在,乃置酒贺猛,鼓乐殷作,酒半,璋持鸩饮猛曰:“天兵索君甚急,不能相庇。”猛大呼曰:“堕老奸矣。”遂饮药死。璋斩其首,并印从间道驰诣军门。而斩他囚贯猛,诣掷诸军,诸军嚣争,击杀十余人,飚驰军门,则猛首已枭一日矣。诸将大恚恨,遂浸毁璋,而布政某等复害镆,倡言猛实不死,死者道士钱一真也。御史石金遂劾镆落职,[边批:好御史。]而希仪等功俱不叙。璋怏怏,遂黄冠学道。[见田汝成《留青日札》]

[述]

田汝成曰:“岑猛之伏诛也,岑璋掎之,赵臣启之,沈希仪王之,而功皆不录,其何以劝后?两广威令浸不行于土官,类此。书生无远略,琐琐戚戚,兴逸参也,宁惜军国重轻哉!”

王弇州一代史才,其叙岑猛事,亦云猛实不死,岂惑于石侍御之言耶?李福达之狱,朝是暮非,迄无确见。不知异日又何以定真伪也!

【译文】

岑璋是明朝归顺州的土官,聪明多谋略,深懂带兵之道。田州的岑猛是他的女婿。岑猛触犯律令,督抚奏告岑猛罪行,皇帝下诏谕各州土官若能擒获岑猛首级,加爵一级,另赐岑猛一半的田地,若与岑猛勾结,则一律格杀。

都御史姚镆(字英之)准备出兵征讨岑猛,想与岑璋合作,于是与都指挥沈希仪商议。沈希仪知道部属中有个千户长叫赵臣的,一向和岑璋 情不错,于是召来赵臣商议,说:“我听说岑璋的女儿婚后似乎并不幸福,为了女儿的事,岑璋对岑猛很不谅解,我想借岑璋助我俘获岑猛,你看如何?”

赵臣说:“岑璋为人聪明但生性多疑,若是直说,他一定不相信,所以只能用计劝服,不能强行命令。”

沈希仪说:“该怎么办呢?”

赵臣说:“镇安、归顺两州是世仇,大人派人前往归顺州,那么镇安一定起疑;派人到镇安,那么归顺又会疑心。所以若大人派我到镇安征兵,岑璋一定会问我去镇安做什么,我就可见机行事了。”

沈希仪就照计行事,赵臣故意绕道拜访岑璋,但见了岑璋却只是不断叹气,却不说话,岑璋问他,他也不回答。第二天,岑璋准备了酒菜款待赵臣,问赵臣:“我得罪了沈都指挥史吗,还是我犯了罪您要逮捕我?”

赵臣只连连说:“不是,不是,都不是。”

于是岑璋愈是疑心,挽着赵臣进入内室后,跪在赵臣面前,赵臣流着眼泪,岑璋也哭着说:“先生,今日就是要我岑璋死,那我也认了,何苦要瞒我呢。”

赵臣说:“与您虽非一家人,但也相 甚深,今天有紧急事不敢不告诉你,恐怕不是你死就是我亡了。”

岑璋说:“到底发生什么事。”

赵臣说:“元帅奉旨出征田州,有人说先生是岑猛岳父,一定是岑猛同 ,现在发公文到镇安,征兵攻先生,我不告诉你,你一定死;我现在告诉你,万一先生突然发兵叛变,泄露军机,我也一定按军法处死,所以才难过流泪。”

岑璋惊讶得顿脚叹息说:“今天要不是先生,我全族的人都完了。”于是强要赵臣称病留宿家中,一面急忙派人前往都指挥史所,列举岑猛的罪状,说明不愿受岑猛连累,愿意投效官军。沈希仪接受岑璋的请求,将此事告诉都御史姚镆,于是姚镆全力攻伐岑猛。

岑猛的儿子名叫邦彦,率众防守隘道,岑璋表面派一千人相助,实际是做官军内应,以在衣摆缝上一寸的帛布为识别标帜,暗中向沈希仪通风报信。当时田州兵死守隘道,官军不敢贸然进攻,沈希仪带着一千名骑兵,由小道绕路从隘道侧边进攻,看到飘动的军旗,再听到归顺兵大声叫道:“天兵从小路攻入隘道了!”田州兵不由得震惊而溃散,沈希仪乘胜追杀,死伤数千人,岑邦彦也难逃一死。

岑猛听说战败,想自杀,岑璋却说服他先到归顺,住在别馆中,而副将 尧元等人嫉妒沈希仪的战功,想带兵一万直捣归顺。岑璋察觉后,立即派人带着百头牛及千醰好酒,在三十里外迎接 尧元等人,对 尧元说:“昨天岑猛大败,他打算率残众,经由归顺往 南方向走,我出兵攻击,他眼睛中箭后,现在不知逃往哪个方向,官军若是急急追捕,我怕又生乱事,能否给我五天的时间,我一定将他擒下送给将军。” 尧元点头答应。

岑璋急命人在一天之内搭盖千间茅舍,供官军住宿。而后岑璋回到别馆,骗岑猛说:“官军暂时撤退了,但若是不上书奏报,不能表明你的清白。”岑猛说:“有道理,能否为我准备文具?”岑璋立即命人为岑猛准备纸笔,并且一直催促岑猛盖上印鉴封口,因而知道岑猛藏放印鉴的地方,接着命人准备酒菜向岑猛道贺,一面命人弹奏乐曲助兴,酒宴进行一半时,岑璋手拿毒酒说:“官军全面紧急搜捕你,我实在护不了你。”岑猛大叫说:“我上了你这老狐狸的当了!”于是喝下毒酒而死。

岑璋砍下岑猛脑袋,连同印信一并由小路快马送 沈希仪,却将岑猛的体与他人调包皮,丢到 尧元的军前,众人为争功竟自相残杀,击杀十余人,好不容易取得体,快马来到军门,却发现岑猛的首级早已悬挂在城门上一天了。诸将把岑璋恨得牙痒痒的,发誓要杀岑璋。另有一布政使也暗中陷害姚镆,散布岑猛其实并没有死的谣言,死的是一名叫钱一真的道士。御史石金竟以此弹劾姚镆,免去他的官职,而沈希仪等人的战功也未表彰,岑璋也就抑郁上山学道了。

[述译文]

田汝成说:“岑猛伏法被诛,岑璋、赵臣、沈希仪各有其功,但都略而不提,日后要如何劝勉后人呢?大明书生没有远大抱负,只知听信谗言,嫉妒他人功劳,不知国事轻重。

王弇州是一代史家,在叙述岑猛一事时,竟也认为岑猛并没有死,难道是被御史石金的一番话所迷惑了吗?今人李福达的刑狱,至现在还没有一个定案,日后真不知要如何辨明事实真假了。

822、王式

【原文】

浙东贼裘甫作乱,以王式为观察使讨平之。诸将诣于式曰:“公始至,军食方急,而遽散之,何也?”式曰:“贼聚谷以诱饥人。吾给之食,则彼不为盗。且诸县无守兵,贼至,则仓谷适足资之耳。”“不置烽燧,何也?”式曰:“烽燧所以趋救兵也,今兵尽行,徒惊士民耳。”“使懦卒为候骑,而少给兵,何也?”式曰:“彼勇卒操利,遇敌则不量力而斗,斗死则贼至不知矣。”皆拜曰:“非所及也。”

【译文】

明朝时浙东乱匪裘甫作乱,观察使王式(后因平乱有功,官封左金吾大将军)派兵讨平。得胜后,诸将向王式讨教说:“大军一入城,正急需军粮时,元帅为什么却将仓库中存放的粮米,散发给城中百姓?”

王式说:“匪盗以稻谷引诱饥民投靠他们,我将粮米分赠百姓,那么百姓就不会沦为盗匪。再说浙东各县城都没有守兵,在敌人进城之后,不是正好资助了盗匪吗?”

诸将又问:“元帅不设烽火台是什么原因呢?”

王式说:“设烽火台是为了召救兵,现在已知没有援军,设烽火台只是徒增恐惧不安的情绪罢了。”

又问:“元帅派懦弱胆小的士兵为斥堠,也不多给人员,又是什么原因呢?”

王式说:“勇猛的士兵平日经过严格训练,遇到敌人就会不考量本身兵力与敌作战,如果战死了,就不会有人通知我们贼人来袭了。”

诸将听了王式的解释,都佩服说:“元帅的智谋,非我等所能及。”

二十三 兵不厌诈

【原文】

道取其平,兵不厌诡。实虚虚实,疑神疑鬼。彼暗我明,我生彼死。出奇无穷,莫知所以。集“诡道”。

【译文】

走路要走平直的康庄大路,作战却不能专行正道。虚中有实,实中有虚,才能让敌人疑神疑鬼,防不胜防。智者能使敌暗我明,因此才我生敌死。出奇制胜,变化无穷,使人完全无法掌握。

823、郑公子突

【原文】

北戎侵郑,郑伯御之,患戎师,曰:“彼徒我车,惧其侵轶我也。”公子突曰:“使勇而无刚者,尝寇而速去之。君为三覆以待之。戎轻而不整,贪而无亲,胜不相让,败不相救。先者见获,必务进;进而遇覆,必速奔。后者不救,则无继矣,乃可以逞。”从之,戎人之前遇覆者奔,祝聃逐之,衷戎师,前后击之,尽殪,戎师大奔。

[茅元仪曰]

“千古御戎,不出数语,今则反是,戎安得不逞?”

【译文】

春秋时北戎侵略郑国,郑庄公亲自率兵抵御。他对北戎的武力极为忧心,对大臣说:“北戎以步兵为主,我军使用战车,笨重而不灵活,寡人担心他们会偷袭我军。”公子突说:“我们可先派一批勇敢但不盲目好战的士兵为先锋引诱戎军,当戎军入侵后就迅速撤退,这时大王可埋伏三批伏兵,以逸待劳,等候戎军深入。由于戎人性情浮躁,军纪又不严整,对财物的贪婪心极强,在利益关头六亲不认,战胜时为求战功互不相让,战败时为求活命又互不相救。假使戎军见到我先锋军败北,一定会拚命往前猛攻,假如发觉我有伏兵,也一定会仓皇奔逃,而后面的戎军又不肯救援,等于没有援军,我军就可一战而大获全胜。”

郑庄公采纳公子突的战术,戎人的前锋遇到伏兵果然狼狈而逃,郑大夫祝聃率兵随后追击,把戎军从中间截成两段,再前后夹袭,终于把戎人全部消灭。残余的戎军也都抱头鼠窜。

[茅评译文]

千古以来,抵御戎人的战术都不过是简单的几句话。而现在人对夏、辽等夷狄作战,战术洋洋洒洒一大篇,戎人怎会不得逞呢?

824、夫概王

【原文】

吴败楚师于柏举,追及清发,将击之。阖闾之弟夫概王曰:“困兽犹斗,况人乎?若知不免而致死,必败我。若使先济者知免,后者慕之,蔑有斗心矣,半济而后可击也。”从之,大败楚人,五战及郢。

【译文】

吴王阖闾在柏举大败楚军,追到清发时,本想一举歼灭残余的楚军,吴王的弟弟夫概王却阻止说:“被猎人围杀的野兽,为了想活命,尚且要拚死突围,何况是人呢?若是楚军知道自己没有活命的希望,反而会激起他们奋勇迎战的士气,说不定我军还会遭到败绩。不如让他们渡河,先渡河到对岸的,知道活了下来,未渡河的一定十分羡慕,再也没有奋身一搏的勇气。如此,等到他们渡河渡到一半时,我军再攻击,就一定能大获全胜。”吴王依计而行,果然大败楚军,经过五次战役,一直打到楚国首都。

825、斗伯比 季梁

【原文】

楚武王侵随,使求成焉,而军瑕以待之。随人使少师董成。斗伯比曰:“我之不得志于汉东也,我则使然:我张吾三军,以武临之,彼则惧而协以谋我,故难图也。汉东之国,随为大,随张,必弃小国,小国离,楚之利也。少师 ,请羸师以张之。”少师归,请追楚师。季梁谏曰:“楚之羸,其诱我也!”乃止。

[述评]

当时微季梁,几堕楚计。楚子反有言:“围者,柑马而秣之,使肥者应客。”故凡示弱者皆诱也。

汉兵乘胜追匈。高帝闻冒顿居上谷,使人觇之。冒顿匿其壮士肥牛马,见老弱羸畜,使者十辈来,皆言匈可击。上复使刘敬往,敬还报曰:“两国相击,此宜矜夸见所长,今臣往,徒见羸瘠老弱,此必欲见短,伏奇兵以争利,愚以为匈不可击。”上不听,果围于白登。

天后中,契丹李尽忠、孙万荣之破营府也,以地牢囚汉俘数百人,闻麻仁节等诸军将至,乃令守者绐之曰:“家口饥寒,不能存活,待国家兵到即降耳。”一日引出诸囚,与之粥,慰曰:“吾等乏食养汝,又不忍杀汝,纵放归,若何?”众皆拜伏乞命,乃纵去。至幽州,具言其故。兵士闻之,争欲先入,至黄銮峪,贼又令老者投官军,送遗老牛瘦马于道侧。仁节等弃步卒,将马先入。贼设伏,横截将军,生擒仁节等。全军皆没。

二事皆类比。

【译文】

春秋时代,楚武王想发兵攻打随国,一面派使者去随国求和,自己却率军驻扎在边境等候消息。随国派少师(官名,三孤之一。周朝称少师、少傅、少保为三孤)全权处理议和的事务。

楚大夫斗伯比对楚武王说:“楚国不能在汉水以东得势,完全是由于我国对外政策不当的关系。我国扩张军备,以武力去威各国,各国在恐惧之余,就会联合起来对抗我国,所以不容易离间他们。汉东诸国以随国最为强大,如果随国能扩张自己的实力,一定就会背弃其他与随结盟的小国,随国若是背离其他的小国,这对楚国相当有利。随国少师骄 狂妄,所以我们不如故意部署疲弱的兵卒给他看,让少师有轻敌之心。”

随少师回到随国后,果然请求随侯出兵追击楚军,但随国大臣季梁阻止说:“楚国示弱是出于诱敌的谋。”于是停止出兵,楚军无功而返。

[述评译文]

当时随国若是没有贤臣季梁识破楚人的奸计,随人可真是要上大当了!楚子反说:“兵临敌人城下,无不是以展示壮盛的军容来威震敌人,因此,若是部队军纪不整,故意示弱,这都是诱敌之计。”

汉高帝听说匈单于冒顿盘据代谷,派人侦察匈情势。冒顿把匈善战的能士,肥壮的牛马都藏起来,只能看到老弱残兵及瘦弱的牲畜。汉朝前后派出十个密探,都报告说可以进攻匈

高祖再派刘敬(齐人,本姓娄,高祖赐姓刘,号奉春君,又封关内侯)前往匈,刘敬回来后向高祖报告:“两国 战时,照常理应该会各自夸耀自己的武力,表现出自己军队的优点,现在臣到匈去,只看到瘦弱的牲畜,年老体弱的战士,故意暴露本身的缺点,这分明想引诱我们进攻,好用事先埋伏的奇兵突击。愚臣认为在这种情况下,不宜贸然进兵匈。”高祖不听,果然被冒顿围困在白登。

武则天时,契丹人李尽忠、孙万荣起兵造反,攻陷荣州,俘获好几百名汉兵,把他们关在地牢,听说麻仁节的部队快来了,要看守地牢的官吏骗囚犯说:“我们的家人正因遭逢饥荒而难以保命,等朝廷大军一到,只有投降一条路了。”又故章释放囚犯,给他们喝米粥,对他们说:“我们正面临缺粮,无法提供食物,又不忍心杀你们,只好放你们回去。”被释放的唐兵回到幽州,将所听到的话一五一十报告将领,士兵听说契丹缺粮,都想进攻好建战功。

到了黄銮峪,契丹又派老弱的士卒来投降,并且故意留下几头老牛瘦马在路边,麻仁节等人就留下步兵,只率领少数的骑兵进攻。契丹由两侧埋伏攻击,生擒麻仁节等人,全军覆没。

这两件事,都是敌人故示残弱来引诱对方进攻。

826、蒍贾 师叔

【原文】

楚大饥,庸人率群蛮叛楚。麇人帅百濮聚于选,将伐楚。于是申息之北门不启。楚人谋徙于阪高。[边批:无策。]蒍贾曰:“不可,我能往,寇亦能往。不如伐庸。夫麇与百濮谓我饥不能师,故伐我也。若我出师,必惧而归。百濮离居,将各走其邑,谁暇谋人?”及出师侵庸,及庸方城。庸人逐之,囚子扬窗。三宿而逸,曰:“庸师众,群蛮聚焉,不如复大师,且起王卒,合而后进。”[边批:庸策。]师叔曰:“不可,姑又与之遇以骄之,彼骄我怒,而后可克。先君蚡冒所以服陉隰也。”又与之遇,七遇皆北。庸人曰:“楚不足与战矣!”遂不设备。楚子乘馹,会师于临品,分为二队以伐庸,群蛮从楚子盟,遂灭庸。

[评议]

楚以不徙而存,宋以南渡而削。我朝土木之变,徐武功倡言南迁,赖肃愍诸公不惑其言。不然,事未可知矣!

【译文】

春秋时,楚国发生大饥荒,庸人乘机率领群蛮背叛楚国。此外,麇人(周朝国名,春秋时被楚所灭)更率领百濮(在今湖北省首县以南,一直到湖南省常德等地,均为百濮人散居的地方)齐集在选地(楚地名,在今湖北省枝 县南),准备组织联军攻打楚国。以致申、息两城(在今河南南、信一带,为楚国北方屏障)不敢开北门,楚国人也有迁都到阪高的念头。

蒍贾(字伯赢)说:“不能迁都!其原因就在于,是因为我们能去,敌人也能去。不如发兵攻打庸国。庸国和百濮都认为我国发生饥荒,一定无法出兵抗敌,所以才派兵攻打我国,如果我国能出兵攻庸国,他们一定会心生恐惧而退兵。百濮本就散居各地,更会分别逃回自己的城邑,以后没有人会再来攻打我们了。”

于是楚国出兵攻庸。

当楚人攻打庸国方城(在湖北省竹山县东南四十里有方城山,山南有城长十多里,名叫方城)时,将领不幸被庸人俘虏,但只关了三天三夜就逃回来了,说:“庸军兵力强大,所有蛮族都聚集在一起,不如再多派军队,甚至派遣锐的王师,会集后再进攻。”

楚大夫师叔说:“不能这么做,不妨暂时再和敌人周旋几天,故意示之以弱,好让敌人有骄傲的心理。他们心存骄傲,我军战志激昂,这时就能一战而攻陷敌城,这就是先王蚡冒(楚武王的父亲)攻占陉、隰两地所用的战略。”

于是楚军继续和庸军缠斗,一连打了七场败仗。庸人说:“楚军实在不堪一击。”从此轻视楚军而不设防。

楚庄王随即坐着驿车前往临品(地名,约在今湖北省均县境内)会师,分兵两路攻打庸国,并且和各蛮族订立军事同盟,终于灭了庸国。

[评议译文]

楚人打消迁都的念头,上下齐心,终于灭庸国;南宋渡 迁都临安,国势却日渐衰弱,终至灭亡。我朝(指明朝)土木之变后,徐武功大言鼓吹迁都,幸赖肃愍等诸公,不为其言所惑。否则,实在无法想像今天国家的情势会演变成什么样的状况!

827、田单

【原文】

燕昭王卒,惠王立,与乐毅有隙,[边批:肉先腐而虫生。]田单闻之,乃纵反间于燕,宣言曰:“齐王已死,城之不拔者二耳。乐毅畏诛不敢归,以伐齐为名,实欲连兵南面而王齐。齐人未附,故且缓攻即墨,以待其事。齐人所惧,唯恐他将来,即墨残矣。”燕王以为然,使骑劫代毅。毅归赵,燕军共忿。而田单乃令城中,食必祭其先祖于庭,飞鸟悉翔舞下食,燕人怪之,田单因宣言曰:“神来下教我。”乃令城中曰:“当有神人为我师。”有一卒曰:“臣可以为师乎?”[边批:此事通窍。]因反走,田单乃起,引还,东向坐,师事之,卒曰:“臣欺君,实无能也。”单曰:“子勿言。”因师之,每出约束,必称神师,乃宣言曰:“君唯惧燕军之劓所得齐卒,置之前行与我战,即墨败矣。”燕人闻之,如其言。城中人见齐诸降者悉劓,皆坚守,唯恐见得。单又宣言:“君惧燕人掘吾城外冢墓,戮先人,可为寒心。”燕军尽掘垄墓、烧死人。[边批:骑劫一至墨即此。]即墨人从城上望见,皆涕泣,俱欲出战,怒自十倍。田单知士卒之可用,乃身操版锸,与士卒分功,妻妾编于行伍之间,尽散饮食飨士,令甲卒皆伏,使老弱女子乘城,遣使约降于燕。燕皆呼“万岁”,田单乃收民金,得千镒,令即墨富豪遗燕将,曰:“即墨即降,愿无掳掠吾族家妻妾。”燕将大喜,许之,燕军由此益懈。单乃收城中,得千余牛,为绛缯衣,画以五采龙文,束兵刃于其角,而灌脂束苇于尾,烧其端,凿城数十穴,夜纵牛,壮士五千人随其后,牛尾热,怒而奔,燕军夜大惊,牛尾炬火光炫耀,燕军视之,皆龙文,[边批:应神师。]所触尽死伤,五千人因衔枚击之,城中鼓噪从之,老弱皆击铜器为声,声动天地。燕军大骇,败走,遂杀骑劫。

[述评]

胜、广假妖以威众。陈胜与吴广谋举事,欲先威众,乃丹书帛曰:“陈胜王”。置人所罾鱼腹中。卒买鱼,烹食,得腹中书,怪之。又令广于旁近丛祠中,夜篝火作狐鸣,呼曰:“大楚兴,陈胜王。”于是卒皆夜惊,旦相率语,往往指目胜。

世充托梦以誓师。王世充欲击李密,恐众心不一,乃假托鬼神,言梦见周公,乃立祀于洛水之上,遣巫言“周公欲令仆射急讨李密,当有大功,不则兵皆疫死。”世充兵皆楚人,信巫,故以惑之,众皆请战。遂破密,皆神师之遣教也。

王德征秀州贼邵青,谍言将用火牛,德曰:“此古法也,可一不可再,彼不知变,只成擒耳。”

先命合军持满,阵始 ,万矢齐发,牛皆反奔,我师乘之,遂残贼众,此可为徒读父书者之戒。陈涛斜之车战亦犹是。

伯比羸师以张之,贾则累北以诱之。至于田单,直请降矣,其诈弥深,其毒弥甚。勾践以降吴治吴,伯约以降会谋会。真降且不可信,况诈乎?汉王之诳楚,黄盖之破曹,皆以降诱也!岑彭、费祎,皆死于降人之手。噫,降可以不察哉?必也,谅己之威信可以致其降者何在?而参之以人情,揆之以兵势,断之以事理,度彼不得不降,降而必无变计也。——斯万全之策矣!

【译文】

战国时燕昭王去世,他的儿子惠王即位,曾和乐毅(魏人,为燕将军,曾伐齐,攻齐七十多城,封昌国君)发生不愉快的事。田单听说此事,就施行反间计,在燕国散布谣言,说:“齐王已经去世,攻不下的城池只有莒和即墨两城罢了。乐毅和新君有嫌隙,怕被杀而不敢回国,借着攻打齐国的名义,实际上是想自立为齐王。只是因为齐人不肯归附,所以暂时慢慢攻打即墨,等待时机的成熟。现在齐国人最怕换其他将军来攻打,那么即墨就保不住了。”燕王本就疑心乐毅,又中了齐国的反间计,就派骑劫代替乐毅为将军,召回乐毅。乐毅怕昭王对他不怀好意,于是投奔赵国,燕国的将士惋惜不已,群情愤恨。

这时田单命城中百姓吃饭时,要在庭院中祭拜祖先,于是飞鸟都聚集飞旋在两城的上空,燕人觉得很奇怪。田单散布谣言说:“有神师降临城中,教导齐国百姓。”

有一名士兵开玩笑的说:“我可以当神师吗?”说完不好意思的转身走开,田单立即起身叫他回来,请他坐在神师的坐位,以神师之礼对待他。士兵说:“刚才我是随口胡说骗将军的,我真的什么也不懂。”田单说:“你什么也不要说。”仍以神师礼待他,每次出去巡察时,必称他为神师。

接着,田单又散布谣言说:“我们只怕燕国军队把所俘虏的齐兵割掉鼻子,要他们排列在燕军的阵前,那么即墨必会攻破。”燕人听说此事,果真按着去做,城中人见投降的人都被割掉鼻子,更坚定守城的决心,惟恐被燕军擒获。

田单又派人散布谣言说:“我们怕燕国人挖掘齐人城外的祖坟,侮辱我们的祖先,看见先人受到侮辱会使我们心惊胆寒。”结果燕军又中计,挖开坟墓,烧毁骨。齐国人在城上看见燕军的所为,没有不伤心悲泣,急于城与燕军决一死战。

田单知道时机成熟,士兵可以上阵作战了,就亲自拿着工具和士兵一同工作,妻妾也编在工作队伍中,把好吃的食物都拿出来与士兵分享。田单命令武装的士兵都埋伏起来,改派老弱妇女登城守卫,并且派使者在燕国商议投降。燕军兵士高呼万岁。田单又募集民家的捐款,筹集到千镒黄金,请即墨城的富豪赠送给燕国将军,说:“齐人马上就要投降了,希望你们不要虏掠我们的妻妾。”燕将十分高兴,答应他们的请求,从此燕军防备松懈,毫无斗志。

田单在城中征集一千多头牛,为牛缝制绛色丝衣,画上五彩龙纹,在牛角上绑上锋利的刀刃,另在牛尾上扎上苇草,灌上油脂,然后在城墙上挖掘几十个洞穴,趁着夜晚,把牛群赶往洞口,这时点燃牛尾上的苇草,牛只受不了火烧的疼痛,发怒向前狂奔,直冲燕军营地,五千士兵跟在牛后奋勇杀出。燕军大吃一惊,看见牛只都是龙纹,凡是碰触到的立即死亡,伤亦五千余人。城中百姓喊杀震天,不断敲击铜器,发出震耳的声响,燕军深受惊吓,溃散奔逃,齐军乘胜杀了骑劫,一雪耻恨。

828、康茂才

【原文】

陈友谅既陷太平,据上流,遣人约张士诚同侵建康。或劝上自将击之,上曰:“敌知我出,以偏师缀我,而大军顺流,直趋建康,半日可达,吾步骑急回,百里趋战,兵法所忌。”乃召康茂才,谓曰:“二寇相合,为患必深,若先破友谅,则东寇胆落矣,汝能速之使来乎?”茂才曰:“家有老阍者,旧尝事友谅,今往必信。”遂令阍者赍书,乘小舸径至伪汉军中,许以内应。友谅果信之,甚喜,问康公,曰:“今何在?”曰:“见守 东桥。”又问:“桥何如?”曰:“木桥也。”赐食遣还,嘱曰:“吾即至,至则呼老康为号。”阍者还告,上曰:“虏落吾觳中矣。”乃使人撤木桥,易以铁石,一宵而成。冯胜、常遇春率三万人,伏于石灰山侧,徐达等军于南门外,杨璟驻兵大胜港,张德胜、朱虎率舟师出龙 关外,上总大军于卢龙山,令持帜者偃黄帜于山之右,偃赤帜于山之左,戒曰:“寇至则举赤帜,闻鼓声则举黄帜,伏兵皆起。”是日,友谅果引舟师东下,至大胜港,水路狭,遇杨璟兵,即退出大 ,径以舟冲 东桥,见桥皆铁石,乃惊疑,连呼“老康”。莫应,始觉其诈,即分舟师千余向龙 ,先遣万人登岸立栅,势甚锐。时酷暑,上度天必雨,令诸军且就食,时天无云,忽风起西北,雨大至,赤帜举,诸军竞前拔栅,友谅麾军来争,战方合,适雨止,命发鼓,鼓声震,黄帜举,伏发,徐达兵亦至,舟师并集,内外合击,友谅军大败,乘胜逐之,遂复太平。

【译文】

元朝末年,陈友谅(初为小吏,元顺帝时,徐寿辉起兵,陈友谅投效麾下,后杀徐寿辉自立为帝,国号汉。与张士诚合谋攻取建康,败于明太祖朱元璋,中箭而死)攻陷太平后,占领整个长 上游,于是派人邀约张士诚(小字九四,初自称诚王,国号大周,又改称吴王)后被明朝大将徐达,常遇春所擒,自缢而死)一同攻打建康,即今南京。

有人建议明太祖亲自率兵迎战,太祖说:“敌人知道我率兵迎战,如果只用一部分兵力来牵制我,而主力部队顺着长 而下,只需半天的时间,就可抵达建康。我若是率兵急急赶回建康,让士兵奔波百里再与敌人 手,这是犯了兵家大忌。”于是召见康茂才(字寿卿,元末曾举兵抗元,后追随明太祖,谥武毅),对他说:“陈友谅与张士诚如果真的联合起来对付我,对我军情势将会相当不利;如果能先击败陈友谅,那么张士诚就会闻风丧胆。你可有办法能引诱陈友谅先进攻此地吗?”

康茂才说:“我府里有个老门房,他以前曾跟随过陈友谅,派他去作反间,陈友谅一定不会起疑。”于是命老门房担任信差,乘小船来到伪汉的营地送信给陈友谅,老门房见了陈友谅,告诉他康茂才愿做内应的事,陈友谅果然大喜过望,深信不疑。陈友谅问门房:“康公如今在哪里?”门房回答:“镇守 东桥。”又问:“ 东桥结构如何?”门房说:“是座木造的桥。”于是陈友谅命人准备丰盛的酒食招待老门房,再送他回去,临行前叮嘱说:“我的大军随后就到,届时我们以‘老康’为暗号。”门房返回之后,把经过情形一一详报,明太祖说:“陈友谅已落入我的圈套了。”

立即命人拆除木造的 东桥,在一夜 之间赶搭一座铁石造的 东桥,冯胜(勇敢多智谋,封宋国公)、常遇春率三万人埋伏在石灰山侧,徐达(字天德,初为郭子兴部将,后投效明太祖,官至中书右丞相,封魏国公)等人镇守南门,杨璟(官至偏将军,卒谥武信)率军驻守大胜港,张德胜(字仁辅,在与陈友谅 战时阵亡,追封蔡国公,谥忠毅)、朱虎率军搭战舰巡防龙 关。太祖亲自坐镇卢龙山指挥三军,并且命手持黄旗者埋伏在山的右侧,持红旗者埋伏在山的左侧,告诫三军:“敌军来犯时就挥动红旗,听到战鼓声就高举黄旗,这时所有埋伏的军队全面出击。”

这天,陈友谅率军舰顺 东下,进入大胜港后,因 面狭窄,与杨璟军队接触后,立即退出港口,想直接用船舰撞击 东桥,等发觉 东桥并非是想像中的木造桥而是铁石桥时,不由心惊起疑,再连喊“老康”没有回应,才知上当了。陈友谅立刻兵分两路,一路率千艘战舰直驶龙 ,一路带领一万士兵上岸构筑栅栏,气势仍锐不可当。

这时正值暑天,酷热难耐,太祖预测将有大雨,下令士兵先吃饭,这期间,天空万里无雨,丝毫没有下雨的迹象。没想到突然刮起一阵西北风,顷刻间大雨滂沱,太祖立刻下令挥动红旗,军士拔取陈友谅营前的栅栏,陈友谅的军队奔来抢夺。两军相遇,血战正酣,大雨忽然停止,太祖立刻命人击鼓,刹时间鼓声震天,黄旗高举,伏兵全面出击,徐达也率军前来会合,于是水陆联合,内外夹击,大败陈友谅,太祖乘胜追击,收复了太平。

829、张良

【原文】

沛公欲以兵二万人击秦峣下军,张良说曰:“秦兵尚强,未可轻。臣闻其将屠者子,贾竖易动以利,愿公且留壁,使人先行,为五万人具食,益张旗帜诸山上,为疑兵;令郦食其持重宝啖秦将。”秦将果叛,欲连和俱西袭咸。沛公欲听之,良曰:“此独其将欲叛耳,恐士卒不从,不如因其懈而击之。”沛公乃引兵,击破秦军。

[述评]

郦生既说下齐,而韩信袭击,遂至临淄。

颉利兵败求和,太宗遣鸿胪卿唐俭等慰抚之。颉利外为卑顺,内实犹豫,李靖谋曰:“颉利虽败,其众尚十余万,若走度碛北,则难图矣,今诏使至彼,虏必自宽,若选万骑袭之,不战可擒也,唐俭辈何足惜。”遂勒兵夜发,大破之。二事俱同此。

【译文】

沛公(刘邦)想用两万人的兵力进攻秦国的峣关,张良说:“秦军还很强大,不可轻敌。臣听说秦国将领贪财重利,容易收买,请主公固守原地,另派人每餐准备五万人的膳食,在山上增设军旗,以张声势,而要郦食其拿着珍宝器物去游说秦将。”秦将果然受到利诱,想休战订盟,联手袭击咸

沛公正想答应,张良说:“这只是秦军将领的想法,恐怕士兵不听从,不如趁他们斗志松懈的时候,挥兵进攻。”沛公率军进攻,果然大败秦军。

[述评译文]

韩信带兵东进准备攻齐时,齐王曾接纳郦食其的劝告,派人与汉讲和,结果韩信仍破齐军,到达临淄,齐王以为郦食其出卖自己,烹杀郦食其。

颉利(唐时突厥可汗)在山被李靖打败,于是派使者入朝谒见唐太宗谢罪,请求归附。太宗派唐俭(字茂系,谥襄)安抚他,颉利表面言行谦卑,内心仍犹豫不服,李靖说:“颉利虽然失败,但余众仍有十多万人,若是逃往漠北,路远难追,不如请钦差使者前往颉利营地,让他们放松戒备,一面再选一万骑兵伺机突袭,那么不费吹灰之力就可生擒颉利了,这是韩信打败齐国的做法,至于唐俭可能有杀身之祸,但也顾不了了。”

这两件事与张良的谋略,都是同一个模式。

830、李广 王越

【原文】

广与百余骑独出,望匈数千骑,见广,以为诱骑,皆惊,上山陈。广之百骑皆大恐,欲驰还走,广曰:“吾去大军数十里,今如此以百骑走,匈追射,我立尽。今我留,匈必以我为大军之诱,必不敢击。”乃令诸骑曰:“前。”未到匈阵二里所,止,令曰:“皆下马解鞍。”其骑曰:“虏多且近,即有急,奈何?”广曰:“彼虏以我为走,今皆解鞍以示不走。”于是 骑遂不敢击。有白马将出护其兵,广上马,与十余骑奔射杀 白马将,而复还至其骑中,解鞍,令士皆纵马卧,会暮, 兵终怪之,不敢击。夜半,疑汉伏军欲夜取之,皆引去。平旦,广乃归大军。

威宁伯王越与保国公朱永帅千人巡边。虏猝至,主客不当,永欲走,越止之,为阵列自固,虏疑未敢前。薄暮,令骑皆下马衔枚,鱼贯行,毋反顾,自率骁勇殿,从山后走五十里,抵城,虏不觉,明日乃谓永曰:“我一动,虏蹑击,无噍类矣!结阵,示暇形以惑之也,次第而行,且下马,无军声,故虏不觉也。”

【译文】

汉朝名将李广(曾与匈大小七十余战,封宋国公)有一次只带了百多兵骑兵出外巡行,半路上遇到好几千名的匈骑兵。匈兵见了李广,以为是汉军的诱敌之计,非常惊慌,立即驱马上山布阵,而李广的骑兵也心虚害怕,想骑马逃走。

李广镇定地说:“我们离开营地有好几十里路,现在如果急着骑马逃逸,匈一定会追杀我们,那我们一个也别想活命。但如果我们留在原地,匈一定认为我们是诱敌之兵,而不敢轻易攻击。”于是下令所有骑兵前进,到距离匈兵阵地前两里处,李广再下令停止前进,所有士兵下马,解下马鞍。骑兵说:“敌兵不但人数多,而且离我们那么近,万一他们发动攻击,我们怎么办?”李广说:“匈兵都认定我们会离开,现在见我们卸下马鞍表示不走,他们更会相信我们是故意诱敌来攻。”

兵果真不敢出击。

有一位骑白马的匈将军,在远处监视李广军队。李广跳上马背,带着十多名骑兵,快奔射杀了白马将军,再回到营地卸下马鞍。这时已近黄昏,李广命士兵放马吃草,席地休息,匈兵始终感到奇怪,但也一直不敢攻击。午夜时,匈兵认为埋伏在附近的汉军会利用夜晚攻击,所以就率众离去。

天亮后,李广等人安然返营。

明朝时威宁伯王越与保国公朱永率领一千部众巡察边境,突然遇到 兵,由于兵力悬殊,朱永想逃走,王越却加以阻止,一面命兵士列阵守卫, 兵见势疑惧,不敢贸然攻击。

近黄昏时,王越下令所有士兵排成一列,禁止出声,不准回头地向前走,而自己亲自带领勇敢善战的士兵殿后押阵,由后山步行五十里路,回到城内,而 人却一直没有惊觉。

第二天王越才对朱永说:“当时只要我军一跑, 兵就会下令追击,那么没有人能活命, 兵见我军排列阵式,表现出悠闲的神态,反而迷惑,这时再利用夜晚视线不明时,命士兵下马禁声步行,所以 人根本不知道我们趁夜而走。”

拼音版对照

  di ba bu   bing zhi

bing zhi bu  zong xu

【 yuan wen】

feng zi yue: zhong wu lun bing yue:“ ren, zhi, xin, yong, yan, que yi bu ke。” yu yi wei“ zhi” you shen yan。 zhi zhe, zhi ye。 zhi zhe, zhi ren、 zhi xin、 zhi yong、 zhi yan ye。 wei jiang zhe, huan bu zhi er。 cheng zhi, cha zhi bao gu, bu ru jian zhi wen gu; chu zhi keng jiang, bu ru jin zhi shi yuan; yan zhi qian yan, bu ru dang zhi zhan bi; ji zhi fu zai, bu ru meng zhi fen zhou。 sui yu bu ren、 bu xin、 bu yan、 bu yong, er bu ke de ye。 you kuang fu hong shui zhi xiang bai yu ren, yan ling zhi gong bai yu xin, lang zhong zhi fei bai yu yan,? he zhi? bai yu yong。 yue gong wei qian ren yi chang di, ma fu xu hou ling yi ji gong, li guang ba diao dou zhi jing, huai yi? yi ren kua xia zhi xiu。 yi ren、 xin、 yong、 yan er ruo bi, yi bu ren、 bu xin、 bu yan、 bu yong er ruo ci。 qi gu he zai? zhi yu bu zhi zhi yi er! yu yu zhi, zhi sheng; zhi yu you zhi, you zhi sheng。 gu huo bu zhan er sheng, huo bai zhan bai sheng, huo zheng sheng, huo jue sheng, huo chu xin yi er sheng, huo fang gu bing fa er sheng。 tian yi shi, di yi li, di yi qing, wo yi yi shi。 yong shi zhe, yin zhi yi qu sheng yan。 wang zhi zhi lun bing zhe bei yi, qi cheng bai lie zai jian bian, de de ke ju。 wu yu qi cheng er wu bai zhe, ze zhu yu pian, shou“ bu zhan”, ci“ zhi sheng”, ci“ gui dao”, ci“ wu an”。 yue zhong wu yue:“ yun yong zhi miao, zai hu yi xin”。 wu an ze yun yong zhi ji ye。 ru zhe bu yan bing, ran ru zhe zheng bu ke yu yan bing。 ru zhe zhi yan bing e zha; zhi zhe zhi yan bing zheng kong bu neng zha。 fu wei neng zha zhe neng zhan; neng zhan zhe, si neng wei bu zhan zhe hu!

【 yi wen】

yue zhong wu de bing fa shuo:“ ren zhi xin yong yan, wei jiang yong bing zhe que yi bu ke。” wo ge ren yi wei, zui zhong yao de hai shi“ zhi”—— zhi hui。

zhi hui shi yi zhong ming che wu bi de li jie, you ci ke sheng fa chu dui ren、 xin、 yong、 yan de shen ke li jie。 dai bing zuo zhan neng yi zhi hui wei ben, ze xiang yao bu ren bu xin bu yong bu yan ye bu ke neng。

li shi shang de zhan zheng, you bu zhan ji sheng de, you bai zhan bai sheng de; you zheng da guang ming de huo sheng, ye you yi zha qu sheng de; you yi mei you qian li de zhan fa huo sheng, geng you fang xiao gu ren bing fa er huo sheng de。 tian shi bu tong, di li bu tong, di qing bu tong, yin ci dui di zuo zhan de fang shi ye bu tong。 zhe zhong zhong ying di huo sheng de fang fa ru he xuan ze, bian kao zhi hui。

li shi shang de bing shu bu fa, qi cheng bai de shi ye dou you ming que de ji zai, wo zhe li zhi shi lu li shi shang yi xie yong bing bu bai de gu shi, fen wei“ bu zhan”、“ zhi sheng”、“ gui dao”、“ wu an” si juan。 yue zhong wu shuo:“ yun yong zhi miao, zai hu yi xin”。 zhe xie gu shi bian shi qiao miao yun yong de zhen shi li zi, huo ke gong zuo yin zheng qi fa zhi yong。

ru zhe bu xie tan jun shi, zhe zheng shi ru zhe mei neng li tan lun bing fa de yuan gu。 ru zhe zong shuo yong bing bu ke zha sheng, dan zhen zheng you yong bing zhi hui de ren, zheng wei kong bu neng xiang chu ge zhong gui zha de zuo zhan fang fa lai。 zhi you neng xing zha de ren cai neng zuo zhan, er yi wei you neng zhan de ren, cai neng xiao mi tian xia de bing zai zhan huo。

er shi yi  wei zhan xian sheng

【 yuan wen】

xing xun sheng, ce chu li; sheng yu miao tang, bu yu jiang chang; sheng yu jiang chang, bu yu shi shi。 shu ke fang xing tian xia er wu di, ji“ bu zhan”。

【 yi wen】

you xing de wu li bu ru wu xing de ying xiang li, ce mou ye yuan bi man li geng you yong; neng zai miao tang shang zhe chong qu sheng, jiu bu bi yao fu zhan chang dui jue; zai zhan chang shang de jiang shuai neng shan mou shen duan, jiu bu bi rang bing zu qin mao shi shi。 ru ci, cai neng xing bian tian xia wu di shou。

776、 xun ying  wu yuan

【 yuan wen】

lu xiang shi, jin、 chu zheng zheng。 xiang gong jiu nian, jin dao gong shuai zhu hou zhi shi wei zheng, zheng ren kong, nai xing cheng。 xun yan yue:“ sui wei zhi, yi dai chu ren zhi jiu ye, er yu zhi zhan。 bu ran, wu cheng。”[ bian pi: yi shi。] zhi dang yue:“ xu zhi meng er hai shi yi bi chu: wu san fen si jun, yu zhu hou zhi rui, yi ni lai zhe, yu wo wei bing, chu bu neng yi。 you yu yu zhan, bao gu yi cheng, bu ke yi zheng。 da lao wei ai。 jun zi lao xin, xiao ren lao li, xian wang zhi zhi ye。” nai xu zheng cheng, hou san jia zheng, er chu zu dao bi, bu neng zheng, jin zhong de zheng。

wu he lv ji li, wen yu wu yuan yue:“ chu er yan fa chu, yu zhi qi ke ye。 er kong qi shi yu wang ye, you e ren zhi you yu zhi gong ye。 jin yu jiang zi ji you zhi yi, fa chu he ru?” dui yue:“ chu zhi zheng zhong er guai, mo shi ren huan。 ruo wei san shi yi yi yan, yi shi zhi, bi bi jie chu; bi chu ze gui, bi gui ze chu, chu bi dao bi。 ji yi yi ba zhi, duo fang yi wu zhi。 ji ba, er hou yi san jun ji zhi, bi da ke zhi。” he lv cong zhi, chu yu shi hu shi bing。

[ ping yi]

jin、 wu bi chu, ruo chu yi zhe。 ran wu neng po chu, er jin bu neng zhe, zhong shao bai ju zhi yi zhan ye。 song ru nai yi cheng pu zhi zhan jiu jin wen fei wang zhe zhi shi。 yi! you ci yi lun, suo yi yang cheng nan song wei bu zhan zhi tian xia, er jing yan yan yi wang。 bei fu!

an: wu? zhi jin, yi yong ci shu。 lu xing ren nai jian jiu, ling ku er xia bi si, mei zhan fei lei ri bu jue。 yu shi xuan ju xing bian, chu rui zu, geng die nao zhi, yu zhi wei wu qiong, shi bu de xiu xia, yi ju qi jian ren zhi qi, qi qi shao dai, chu qi sheng zhi。

【 yi wen】

chun qiu shi dai lu xiang gong shi, jin chu zheng duo zheng guo。 xiang gong jiu nian, jin dao gong lian he qi ta zhu hou de jun dui wei gong zheng guo, zheng ren kong ju zhi yu, qian shi qiu he。 xun yan( jin ren, zi bo you, zu shi xian) shuo:“ ji xu wei gong zheng guo, deng chu jiu zheng shi, jiu ke yi ying zhan chu jun; ru guo yu zheng yi he, jiu de bu dao shi ji de li yi。”

xun ying( jin da fu, zu shi wu zi) que shuo:“ bu ke yi, ying gai yu zheng jie meng yin bing er gui, ru ci chu guo jiu hui chu bing tao zheng。 wo men yao xian shi chu jun pi bei bu kan, ban fa shi ba jun dui fen cheng san lu, lian he qi ta zhu hou jun dui fen lu ying zhan chu jun。 na me wo jun zai wei pi bei qian, chu jun zao yi pi lei de bu neng zuo zhan le, yuan bi xian zai jiu gen chu guo yi jiao yi zhan yao hao de duo。 jia ru xian zai jiu gen chu guo yi jiao yi zhan, bi ran shang wang can zhong, suo yi ying yi bu zhan wei shang ce。 suo wei cong ming de ren yi zhi hui qu sheng, yu ben de ren yi man li ke di, zhe zheng shi xian wang ke di zhi sheng zhi dao。”

qun chen dou biao shi zan cheng, yu shi jie shou zheng guo de qiu he。 hou lai chu guo guo ran san du chu bing tao zheng, dan shi you yu chang tu xing jun er yi jing yi pi li jie, gen ben wu fa zuo zhan。 zui hou jin guo zhong yu qu de zheng guo。

wu wang he lv( yi zuo he lu) ji wei hou, zeng wen wu yuan( zi zi xu), shuo:“ xian qing zeng jian yi fa chu, gua ren ye you fa chu zhi xin, gua ren xiang qin zi lv jun fa chu, xian qing yi wei ru he?”

wu yuan da:“ chu guo zheng zhi fen luan, mei you zhen zheng de zhi zheng zhe, jia ru da wang dong yuan san jun, tu ran lao min shang cai, suo yi bu ru xian fa yi jun, you chu chu bing ying zhan。 chu guo chu bing, da wang li ji tui bing; chu guo tui bing, da wang zai chu bing。 chu jun wang lai ba she, bi hui pi yu ben ming, er xiang fang qi yi jiao yi zhan de nian tou。 zhe shi da wang zai yun yong ge zhong shou duan, shi chu guo de jun shi zheng zhi geng hun luan, che di wa jie chu ren de dou zhi, ran hou da wang zai dong yuan san jun, yi ding neng che di cui hui chu guo。”

he lv xin ran cai na wu yuan de jian yi, cong ci chu jun jiu xian ru pi yu ben ming de ku jing。

[ ping yi yi wen]

jin yu wu xue ruo chu guo shi li, yong de dou shi tong yi shou fa, dan shi wu neng zai bai ju da po chu jun, er jin que bu neng zai cheng pu mie chu。 song ru zai pi ping chu jin、 cheng pu zhi zhan shi, jing ran ze nan jin wen gong bing fei wang zhe zhi shi, bu neng fa chu。 ai! zheng yin song ru you zhe zhong si xiang, cai shi nan song chu xian bu zhan er he de tuo xie lun tiao, zhong yu shi nan song zhu jian you shuai er wang, zhen shi ke bei!

an, song jiang wu? dui fu jin bing, ye yong zhe zhong fang fa。 jin bing de ge xing ren nai jian jiu, ming ling yan ku, yi dan ling xia, bi shi si zhi xing ren wu, yin ci mei ci jue zhan, fei de da shang hao ji tian, jiu chan bu qing。 wu? yu shi xuan ze you li di xing, pai chu yi jing yi rui bing zu, lun fan yi? yi rao, shi jin bing qiong yu ying fu, bu de xiu xi, lai mo shi ta men jian ren de shi qi, deng dao jin bing shao you duo dai de jian xi, li ke yi qi bing xi ji, da sheng er hui。

777、 gao?

【 yuan wen】

kai huang chu, di chang wen gao? yi qu chen zhi ce。? yue:“ yi jiang yi bei di han, tian shou cha wan; yi jiang yi nan tu re, shui tian zao shu。 liang bi shou huo zhi ji, wei zheng shi ma, sheng yan yan ji, bi bi tun bing yu shou, bian ke fei qi nong shi; ji bi ju bing, wo hai jie jia, zai san ruo ci。 zei yi wei chang, hou geng ji bing, bi bi bu xin, you yu zhi qing, wo hu ji shi, chu qi bu yi, po zei bi yi! you yi jiang yi nan tu bo, she duo zhu mao, suo you chu ji, jie fei di jiao, mi qian xing ren, yin feng zong huo。 dai bi xiu li, geng fu shao zhi。 bu chu shu nian, zi ke ling bi cai li ju kun。” di yong qi ce, zu yi bi chen。

【 yi wen】

sui wen di kai huang chu nian, wen di zeng wen gao?( zi zhao xuan) jin gong chen guo de ce lve。 gao? shuo:“ yi jiang yi bei di han han, shou cheng wan; yi jiang yi nan qi yi wen yi gao, shui tian shou cheng zao。 wo men chen chen guo ren mang zhe shou cheng de shi hou, qiao qiao de zheng tiao shao shu bing ma zai bian jing ji jie, chen guo bi ding hui tun bing fang shou, ru ci yi lai jiu hui ying xiang chen guo de shou cheng; ta men jie ji fang bei, wo men jiu tui bing。 fan fu duo ci hou, chen guo shi bing zai kan dao wo jun ji jie, yi ding hui yi xi yi yi wei chang, bu zai xiang xin wo jun hui zhen de jin gong。 jiu zai chen guo song xie zhi shi, wo jun chu qi bu yi de fa bing jin gong, yi ding neng po chen guo。 ling wai, yi jiang yi nan tu ceng bo, min she duo ban shi yong zhu mao da jian, er zhu zang gu wu de cang ku ye bu xi guan yong di jiao, wo guo ke an zhong pai qian jian xi, shun zhe feng shi zong huo shao cang。 deng chen guo ren ba gu cang zheng jian hao le, fang huo zai shao。 bu chu ji nian, chen guo zi ran ren li、 cai yong dou pi bi bu kan。”

wen di yong gao? de ji ce, zhong yu shi chen guo zou shang min sheng diao bi、 cai yong kun nan de jiong jing。

778、 zhou de wei

【 yuan wen】

jin wang cun xu da bai liang bing, liang bing yi tui。 zhou de wei yan yu jin wang yue:“ zei shi shen sheng, yi an bing yi dai qi shuai。” wang yue:“ wu gu jun yuan lai, jiu ren zhi ji, san zhen wu he, li yu su zhan。 gong nai yu an bing chi zhong, he ye?” de wei yue:“ zhen、 ding zhi bing, chang yu shou cheng, duan yu ye zhan; wu suo shi zhe qi bing, li yu ping yuan kuang ye, ke yi chi tu。 jin ya cheng lei men, qi wu suo zhan qi zu; qie zhong gua bu di, shi bi zhi wu xu shi, ze shi wei yi。” wang bu yue, tui wo zhang zhong, zhu jiang mo gan yan。 de wei wang jian zhang cheng ye, yue:“ da wang zhou sheng er qing di, bu liang li er wu su zhan, jin qu zei zhi chi, suo xian zhe yi shui er, bi ruo zao qiao yi bo wo, wo zhong li jin yi, bu ruo tui jun gao yi, you zei li ying, bi chu ze gui, bi gui ze chu, bie yi qing qi, lve qi kui xiang, bu guo yu yue, po zhi bi yi!” cheng ye ru, qian zhang fu wang yue:“ ci qi wang an qin shi xie? zhou de wei lao jiang zhi bing, yan bu ke hu ye。” wang jue ran er xing, yue:“ yu fang si zhi。” shi liang wang bi lei bu chu, you jiang zhe, jie zhi, yue:“ jing ren fang duo zao fu qiao。” wang wei de wei yue:“ guo ru gong yan。”

【 yi wen】

wu dai shi guo shi, jin wang li cun xu da bai liang bing hou, liang zan shi tui bing。 zhou de wei( zi zhen yuan, yong lve duo zhi) zhi dao jin wang xiang cheng sheng zhui ji, yu shi dui jin wang shuo:“ di ren qi shi sheng, wo jun ying gai xian an bing bu dong, deng liang bing pi bi hou zai jin gong。”

jin wang shuo:“ wo lv jun yuan zheng, ji ru jiu ren, zai shuo wo jun shi cang cu cheng jun, shi he su zhan, xian zai jiang jun que jian yi gu wang an bing bu dong, zhe shi shen me yuan yin?”

zhou de wei shuo:“ liang bing shan yu shou cheng, bu shan yu ye di zuo zhan; wo jun zhang shi de shi qi bing, dui qi bing er yan, ping yuan kuang ye shi zui you li de di xing, ke yi chi cheng tu xi, dan xian zai mian dui cheng men bao lei, qi bing gen ben wu fa shi zhan, zai shuo di zhong wo gua, jia shi rang di ren mo qing le wo jun de bing li, dui wo jun shi zai da da bu li。”

jin wang ting le zhou de wei de jie shi reng bu man yi, jiu zi hui zhang xiu xi, qi ta jiang jun jian jin wang yi lian de bu gao xing, ye dou bu gan zai duo shuo shen me。

zhou de wei zhi dao jin wang shang wei gai bian xin yi, jiu qu jian zhang cheng ye( zi ji yuan, huan guan) shuo:“ da wang ji bai liang bing zhi hou, you qing di zhi xin, bu kao lv zi shen de bing li, yi xin zhi xiang su zhan。 xian zai di wo jin yi shui zhi ge, di ren ruo zao fu qiao tou xi wo jun, wo jun yi ding fu mei。 bu ru tui shou gao yi, zai chu bing yin you liang bing li ying。 liang bing li ying wo jun jiu hui gao yi, liang bing hui ying, wo jun zai chu, ling wai pai yi zhi qi bing dui zhuan men qiang duo liang bing de jun xiang liang shi。 bu chu yi ge yue, yi ding neng po liang。”

zhang cheng ye yu shi lai dao jin wang de ying zhang, xian qi lian zhang shuo:“ zhe na shi nin ping ri an qin de shi jian ne? zhou de wei shi lao jiang, shen dong yong bing zhi dao, ta de hua ke bu neng hu shi。”

jin wang tu ran cong chuang shang tiao qi lai da sheng shuo:“ wo zheng zai xiang zhe jian shi。”

zhe qi jian liang wang sui zai jun lei que bi men bu chu, hou lai jin bing zhen xun yi ge tou jiang de liang bing, ta gong shuo:“ liang wang zheng ming ren jian zao duo zuo fu qiao, zhun bei gong jin。”

jin wang dui zhou de wei shuo:“ guo ran bu chu jiang jun suo liao。”

779、 zhu ge ke

【 yuan wen】

zhu ge ke you cai ming, wu zhu yu shi yi shi, ling shou jie du。 jie du zhang qian gu, wen shu fan wei, fei qi hao ye。 wu hou wen zhi, yi lu xun shu, lu gong yi bai wu zhu, ji zhuan ke ling bing。 ke qi wu zhu yue:“ dan yi? yi shan xian, min duo guo jin, sui qian fa bing, tu de wai xian ping min er yi, qi yu shen yuan, mo neng qin jin。 ke qing wang wei qi shou, san nian ke de jia shi si wan。” chao yi jie yi wei, dan yi? yi di shi xian zu, zhou xuan shu qian li, shan gu wan zhong, qi you sui min ren, wei chang ru cheng yi、 dui chang li, jie fu bing ye yi, bai shou yu lin mang; bu wang xiu e, xian gong tao cuan, zhu shan wei jia bing; su hao wu yi xi yi zhan, gao qi shang li, qi sheng shan fu xian, di tu cong lin, ruo yu zhi zou yuan, yuan??? yu ju bo huang bei huan mian ding? xin? nai liC kong lu? rouィ? ba qi bu wu? jie pi xuan li? mo you yi sao? yun ba lao yue chu? huang moΧ? ken bingc」 tao yun xun ji jin? an da ting〉?u> yi? yi tai shou。 ke zhi fu, nai yi shu si jun shu cheng chang li, ling ge bao qi jiang jie, ming li bu wu, qi cong hua ping min, xi ling tun ju, nai fen nei zhu jiang luo bing you zu, dan shan fan li, bu yu yi jiao yi feng, hou qi gu shu, zhe yin bing shan yi, shi wu yi zhong, jiu gu ji jin, xin tian bu shou, ping min tun ju, lve wu suo de, yu shi shan min ji qiong, jian chu jiang shou。 ke nai fu chi xia yue:“ shan min qu e cong hua, jie dang fu wei, xi chu wai xian, bu de xian yi, you suo zhi ju。” chang li yi hu yi kang huo jiang min zhou yi。 yi, jiu e min, kun po zan chu, nei tu pan ni。 kang zhi song yu ke, ke yi kang wei jiao, sui zhan yi xun, min wen kang zuo lu, zhi guan wei yu chu zhi er yi, yu shi lao you xiang xie er chu, sui qi, ren shu jie ru ben gui。

【 yi wen】

san guo shi dai de zhu ge ke yi you cai gan chu ming。 sun quan xiang shi shi ta de cai gan, jiu wei ren ta chu shi wen guan, zhang guan qian gu。 dan chu li wen shu bu shi zhu ge ke de zhuan chang, ping ri wen shu gong wen zuo ye fan suo, ling zhu ge ke da you huai cai bu yu de gan jiao。 wu hou( guan ming, zhang xun fang zhi bu) ting shuo zhu ge ke de fan nao, jiu shang shu lu xun( zi bo yan, shan jun lve), bing gao sun quan, sun quan gai pai zhu ge ke wei wu jiang。

zhu ge ke shuo:“ dan yi? yi di fang shan shi xian zu, shan min piao han, yi qian sui ye pai bing zheng tao, dan suo ping ding de bu guo shi dan yi? yi xian wai wei de ping min er yi, zhi yu shen ju nei di de shan min, que si hao nai he bu le ta men。” zhu ge ke yin ci qing qiu wei dan yi? yi shou ling, bing bao zheng san nian nei ke zhao fu si wan shan min。

chao zhong guan yuan dou ren wei, dan yi? yi di shi xian zu, shan chuan you gu mian chang shu qian li, shan min cong bu jin ru xian cheng yu guan bing zheng mian wei di, zhi shi zai ye wai mai fu, deng guan bing chu cheng zhui bu, ta men you cuan tao hui shan qu。 shan min men yi shan wei ping zhang, min feng hao zhan, chong shang yong li, pan shan she shui jiu xiang yu、 yuan yi ban, dang guan bing fang bei song xie shi jiu xia shan qiang duo, mei ci guan bing wei jiao ta men suo zang ni de dong xue, ruo shi guan bing ren shao, ta men jiu feng yong wei gong, ruo guan bing ren duo, ta men jiu si chu cuan tao, suo yi cong qian chao dao xian zai, yi zhi wu fa shi shan min zhen zheng de gui shun。

zhu ge ke que bao zheng yi ding neng ping fu dan yi? yi, sun quan yu shi zheng shi ren ming zhu ge ke wei dan yi? yi tai shou。 zhu ge ke shang ren hou li ji xia ling, zheng bian jun wu, yan mi fang shou。 dui yi gui shun de shan min, yao ta men ji zhong geng zuo, ji ti sheng huo, you ming shu xia xiu jian wei li, bu ke yu shan min chong tu, deng dao dao gu kuai cheng shu shi, jiu ming shi bing qiang xian shou ge, bu liu yi li gu liang, shan min men zai ji liang chi jin you wu liang ke qiang de qing xing xia, zhi you xia shan tou jiang yi tu。

zhu ge ke you xia ling:“ fan shan min zi yuan gui hua wo chao zhe, dou ying tuo shan zhao gu, jin ru xian cheng bu ke yin huai yi ta men yi tu, er sui yi kou ya dai bu。”

zhi hou, chang li yi hu yi kang zhua le yi ge jiao zhou yi de shan min, zhou yi zeng jing shi ling guan fu tou teng de ren wu, xian zai yin que liang er tou jiang, dan nei xin que reng ran xiang si ji zuo luan。 yi hu yi kang ba zhou yi zhua dao zhu ge ke de mian qian, yi wei li le yi gong, zhu ge ke que yi yi hu yi kang wei kang jun ling er xia ling zhan shou。

shan min ting shuo yi hu yi kang yin chu fa er zhan tou, zhi dao zhu ge ke zhi xi wang ta men neng xia shan tou jiang er yi, yu shi fu lao xie you fen fen chu shan, yi nian hou, zhao jiang de ren shu zheng ru zhu ge ke suo bao zheng de。

780、 yang kan

【 yuan wen】

wei yong zhou ci shi xiao bao yin fan, gong feng yi, shang shu pu she chang sun zhi tao zhi。 zuo cheng yang kan wei zhi yue:“ xi wei wu yu han sui、 ma chao ju tong guan xiang ju。 sui、 chao zhi cai, fei wei wu di, ran er sheng fu jiu bu jue zhe, e qi xian yao gu ye。 jin zei shou yu yi gu, bu ru bei qu pu ban, du he er xi, ru qi fu xin, zhi bing si di, ze hua zhou zhi wei bu zhan zi jie, chang an ke zuo qu ye。” zhi yue:“ zi zhi ji ze shan yi。 ran jin xue xiu yi wei he dong, xue feng xian ju an yi, zong zheng zhen sun shou yu ban, bing bu de jin, ru he?” yue:“ zhen sun xing zhen yi fu, yin yuan wei jiang, ke wei ren shi, an neng shi ren? he dong zhi zai bo ban, xi yi bi yi he?_, feng jiang duo zai jun dong。 xiu yi qu zu shi min, xi wei jun cheng, qi fu mu qi zi, jie liu jiu cun。 yi dan wen guan jun zhi, jie you nei gu zhi xin, shi bi wang feng zi kui yi。” zhi nai shi qi zi zi yan yu kan shuai qi bing, zi heng nong bei du, ju shi zhui bi。 kan sheng yan:“ ting ci yi dai bu bing, qie yi wang min qing xiang bei。 er jin song jiang ming zhe, ge zi hai cun, qi tai ju san feng, ji ju feng xiang ying。 qi wu ying feng zhe, nai zei yi dang yi ye, dang jin ji tu zhi, yi suo huo shang jun shi。” yu shi cun min zhuan xiang gao yu, sui shi wei jiang zhe, yi zha ju feng, yi xiu zhi jian, huo guang bian shu bai li。 zei wei cheng zhe bu ce, ge zi san gui。 xiu yi yi tao hai, yu feng xian ju qing jiang。 zhi ke tong guan, sui ru he dong, bao yin chu ben。

【 yi wen】

bei wei yong zhou ci shi xiao bao yin( qi ming di di liu zi, zi zhi liang) xing bing pan luan gong da feng yi jun。 dang shang shu pu she chang sun zhi( zi cheng ye, xiao wen di yin ta liu sui shi xi ji jue wei, gu ci ming zhi) qian wang zheng tao shi, zuo cheng yang kan( zi shi ye) jian yi shuo:“ yi qian wei wu di cao cao zeng duo ci yu ju shou tong guan de han sui( hou han jin cheng ren, bei cao cao suo mie)、 ma chao( zi meng qi, han mo jiang jun) yi jiao yi zhan。 han sui、 ma chao de cai zhi bi bu shang cao cao, dan cao cao shi zhong bu neng yi ju ji bai ta men, yuan yin jiu shi han sui ju shou yao sai de yuan gu。 ru jin zei bing shou bei jian qiang, bu ru xian you bei fang de pu ban du he er xi, jin gong di ren de fu di, ruo shi bing men ren ren bao zhi si di er hou sheng de yi nian, bu jin ke jie hua zhou zhi wei, you ke zuo qu chang an。”

chang sun zhi shuo:“ ni de ce lve hen hao, dan xian zai xue xiu yi( ji xue xun yi, zi gong rang) bao yi pi wei he dong, xue feng xian ju shou an yi, er zong zheng zhen sun ze zhen shou yu ban, wo jun wu fa jin bing, zhe gai zen me ban ne?”

yang kan shuo:“ zai zong zheng zhen sun de jun ying zhong, you yi ge shi ping ge ren guan xi、 bei jing er bei ren ming wei jiang jun de。 zhe zhong ren zhi neng shou ren qu shi, zen neng zhi hui bu dui ne? he dong de zhong xin zai pu ban, lin jin huang he an, er zhong yao de cheng shi ye dou ji zhong zai jun dong。 xue xiu yi chu bing bao yi pi wei xi bu, shi bing de fu mu qi zi dou liu zai gu xiang, yi dan ta men zhi dao guan jun lai dao jun dong, yi ding hui dan xin gu xiang de jia ren, ying xiang shi qi, jie guo jiu hui xiang qiu feng sao luo ye ban bu zhan er kui。”

yu shi chang sun zhi jiu pai zi ji de er zi yu yang kan yi tong lv ling qi bing, cong heng nong bei du huang he, ju shou you zhui bi。 yang kan xia ling:“ jun dui xian zhu zha ci di, zai deng bu bing qian lai hui he de qi jian, ke xian guan cha min xin de xiang bei。 fan shi zi dong qian lai tou jiang de di bing, yi lv qian fan hui xiang; yuan yi tou jiang de di bing, ke yi zai jian dao gao tai shang ran qi san ba feng huo shi, ye ju feng huo hui ying。 ru guo jian dao feng huo er bu hui ying, jiu biao shi shi di yi dang yi , na me wo jun jiu ge sha wu lun, suo huo de de zhan li pin, dou jiang zuo wei jiang shi de jiang shang。”

cun min de dao xiao xi hou zheng xiang zou gao, sui mei you ming bai biao shi yao tou jiang, dan que dou you ju feng huo biao ming zi ji fei di ren de nian tou, yin ci yi ye jian huo guang zhao tian, ji bai li nei yi pian huo hai。 wei cheng de pan yi dang yi hai bu zhi dao jiu jing fa sheng shen me shi, shou xia de shi bing jiu yi ge zi kui san hui xiang, shen zhi lian xue xiu yi ye tao hui jia, yu xue feng xian yi qi qing jiang。

chang sun zhi gong zhan tong guan hou, jiu cheng sheng jin gong he dong, pan jiang xiao bao yin zhi hao lang bei er tao。

78!”、 gao ren hou

【 yuan wen】

dao zhou ya jiang qian neng pan, qin rao shu jing, dou zhao tao gao ren hou shuai bing tao zhi。 wei fa qian yi ri, you yu mian zhe dao ying zhong, luo zhe yi, zhi er xun zhi, guo qian neng zhi die ye。 ren hou ming shi fu, wen zhi,[ bian pi: shan yong jian zhe, yin di jian er yong zhi。] dui yue:“ mou cun min, qian neng qiu qi fu mu qi zi yu yu, yun ru? shi gui, de shi ze mian ru jia, bu ran jin si, mou fei yuan er ye。” ren hou yue:“ cheng zhi ru ru shi, wo he ren sha ru? jin zong ru gui, jiu ru fu mu qi zi, dan yu qian neng yun:‘ gao shang shu lai ri fa, suo jiang zhi wu bai ren, wu duo bing ye。’ ran wo huo ru yi jia, ru dang wei wo qian yu zhai zhong ren, yun:‘ pu she min ru cao jie liang ren, wei zei suo zhi, qing fei de yi。 shang shu yu zheng jiu jian xi ru cao, shang shu lai, ru cao ge tou bing ying jiang, shang shu dang yi‘ gui shun’ er zi shu ru bei, qian ru hai fu jiu ye。 suo yu zhu zhe, qian neng、 luo hun qing、 gou yi hu yi seng、 luo fu zi、 han qiu wu ren er, bi bu shi heng ji bai xing ye。’ ” die yue:“ ci jie bai xing xin shang shi, shang shu jin zhi er she zhi, qi shui bu wu yue ting ming!” sui qian zhi。

ming ri ren hou bing fa, zhi shuang liu, ba jie shi bai wen xian chu ying。 ren hou zhou shi qian zha, nu yue:“ qian neng yi fu, qi zhong jie geng min er, jie yi fu zhi bing, sui yu bu neng qin, jin guan qian zha, zhong fu lao mi ru ci, yi qi ke yi an mian bao shi, yang kou yao gong ye!” ming yin chu zhan zhi, jian jun li jiu, nai mian。 ming xi ping qian zha, liu wu bai bing shou zhi, yu bing xi yi zi sui。 you zhao zhu zhai bing, xiang ji jie ji。 qian neng wen ren hou jiang zhi, qian hun qing li wu zhai yu shuang liu zhi xi, fu bing qian ren yu ye qiao qing, yi yao guan jun, ren hou? zhi, qian ren shi rong fu, ru zei zhong gao yu ru zuo suo yi yu die zhe。 zei da xi hu zao, zheng qi jia lai jiang, ren hou yin fu yu, shu qi bei, shi gui yu zhai zhong wei jiang zhe。 zhai zhong yu zhong zheng chu, hun qing lang bei yu qian zou, qi zhong zhi yi yi ren hou, ren hou xie song fu, xi ming fen wu zhai ji qi jia bing, wei liu qi zhi。

ming dan, ren hou wei jiang zhe yue:“ shi yu ji qian ru gui, er qian tu zhu zhai bai xing wei zhi wu xin, jie ru cao wei wo qian xing, guo chuan kou, xin jin zhai xia, shi yi bei zi, gao yu zhi, bi zhi yan gong, ke gui yi。” nai qu hun qing qi dao xi zhi, mei wu shi wei dui, shou yi yi qi, shi qian yang qi ji hu yue:“ luo hun qing yi sheng qin, song shi fu, da jun qie zhi, ru zhai zhong su ru wo chu jiang, li de wei liang ren, wu shi yi。” zhi chuan kou, gou yi hu yi seng zhi shi yi zhai, zhai zhong ren zheng chu jiang。 yi hu yi seng da jing, ba jian e zhi, zhong tou wa shi ji zhi, gong qin yi xian ren hou, qi zhong wu qian ren jie jiang。 ming dan you fen zhai, shi jiang zhe you zhi qi xian qu, dao xin jin, han qiu zhi shi san zhai, jie ying jiang。 qiu zi tou shen qian si, jiang shi yu fen zhai。 ren hou zhi zhi, yue:“ jiang ren jie wei shi, xian yun chu zi liang, ran hou fen zhi。” xin jiang zhe jing chui cuan, yu xian jiang lai gao zhe gong shi zhi, yu xiao ge chui, zhong ye bu jue。 ming ri, ren hou hou shuang liu、 chuan kou jiang zhe xian gui, shi xin jin jiang zhe zhi qi qian qu, qie yue:“ ru dao zhou jing, yi ke san gui yi。” luo fu zi zhi jiu zhai yu yan gong, qi zhong qian xi wang xin jin huo guang, yi dai jiang bu mian yi。 ji xin jin ren zhi, luo fu zi tuo shen qi zhai ben qian neng。 ming ri, luo fu zi、 qian neng mou xi zhong jue zhan, ji wei ding, ri xiang mu, yan gong jiang zhe zhi, qian neng zou ma xun sai, yu chu bing, zhong jie bu ying, ming dan da jun jiang jin, hu zao zheng chu, zhi qian neng、 luo fu zi, qi bai ma shou。 chu jun fan liu ri, wu zei jie ping。

[ ping]

zhi yong bi die yi ren, er zei yi zheng jiang yi; zhi yong jiang zu shu dui, er er shi si zhai yi wang feng ying kuan yi, bi yu fu guo wei gong zhe, he zai?

【 yi wen】

tang chao shi, zhen shou dao zhou de fu jiang qian neng fan pan, qin rao si chuan xian jing, dou zhao tao shi gao ren hou( xi zong shi yin tao han xiu sheng you gong ren jian nan dong chuan jie du shi) lv jun zheng tao。 zai fa bing de qian yi tian, ying di zhong lai le ge mai mian ju de xiao fan, shou wei de shi bing jiao de xiao fan xing ji ke yi, yi jing pan zha, guo zhen shi qian neng pai lai de jian die。

gao ren hou ming ren wei ta song bang, bing qie wen ta wei shen me hui zuo jian die。 na ren shuo:“ wo ben shi ge an fen shou ji de xiao cun min, qian neng qiu jin le wo de fu mu qi xiao, wei xie wo dang jian die, ru guo suo tan de de qing bao zheng que, jiu shi fang wo de jia ren, fou ze sha wo quan jia, wo shi bei po de。”

gao ren hou shuo:“ wo fei chang le jie ni de ku zhong, ni fang xin, wo bu hui hen xin sha ni de, xian zai wo fang ni hui qu, rang ni neng jiu ni de jia ren, ni hui qu dui qian neng shuo:‘ gao yuan shuai bu jiu jiang fa bing, dan shi bing ren shu bu duo, zhi you wu bai ming zuo you。’ dan wo jiu ni quan jia xing ming, ni qian wo yi fen ren qing。 ni hui qu hou, an zhong dui ying zhai li de ren shuo:‘ gao yuan shuai ti xu ni men dou shi shan liang bai xing, zhi yin bei qian neng xie po, qing fei de yi。 yuan shuai xiang jie jiu ni men de kun jing, deng yuan shuai fa bing zheng tao qian neng shi, ni men zhi yao sha qian neng de bing shi tou jiang yuan shi, yuan shuai jiu hui pai ren zai ni men de bei shang xie shang‘ gui shun’ er zi, li ke qian song ni men fu gui jiu ye。 yuan shuai xiang sha de, zhi shi qian neng、 luo hun qing、 gou yi hu yi seng、 luo fu zi、 han qiu zhe wu ge ren er yi, bing bu xiang yang ji wu gu de bai xing。’”

jian die shuo:“ hui gu xiang shi da huo er de xin yuan, yuan shuai neng le jie wo men de ku zhong, bu zhui jiu wo men de zui guo, da huo er zen hui bu huan xin que yue de ting yuan shuai fen fu ne?” yu shi gao ren hou qian song na ren hui qian neng ying di。

gao ren hou yi ri fa bing, xing jun dao shuang liu( di ming), ba jie shi( jian zha zhan chang guan) bai wen xian qin zi ying jie。 gao ren hou huan gu jun ying si zhou de zha lan qian dao, hen sheng qi de ma dao:“ qian neng bu guo shi ge bi jian de mang fu, shou xia de shi bing ye duo ban shi geng tian de nong ren, jin tian ni lv ling quan fu de bing shi, yi nian duo lai que wu fa qin fu qian neng。 kan dao ni ying di zhong zhong de zha lan, nan dao ni ren wei zhe yang jiu neng shui de zhe、 chi de xia, zuo shi zei kou zhuang da, er reng ke hou zhe lian pi xiang chao ting yao gong ma?” yu shi xia ling jiang bai wen xian zhan shou, hou jing qi ta jiang ling yi zai qiu qing, gao ren hou cai shou hui cheng ming。 zhi hou, gao ren hou ming ren chai qu suo you zha lan, liu wu bai shi bing shou wei, qi yu shi bing dou bian ru zi ji bu dui。 you zhao ji qi ta ying zhai de bu dui, yi tong chu fa zheng tao qian neng。

qian neng ting shuo gao ren hou fa bing, jiu pai qian luo hun qing zai shuang liu di qu she li wu ge jun zhai, ling zai ye qiao jing mai fu qian ren ying zhan guan jun。

gao ren hou de zhi qian neng de ji mou, jiu ming ren huan shang bian fu, tou tou hun ru di ying, an zhong san bu na tian gao ren hou zeng dui jian mou suo shuo de na fan hua。 di ren de shi bing ting shuo ke yi hui jia, gao xing de da sheng huan hu, fen fen fang xia wu qi tou jiang, gao ren hou dui tou jiang zhe dou qin qie de wei wen, ming ren zai ta men bei shang xie zi, hao rang ta men zai qu zhao jiang pang ren。

luo hun qing jian da shi yi qu, zhi hao you cheng gou zhong tao zou, que bei zhong ren qin zhu, ya dao gao ren hou mian qian。 gao ren hou jiang ta ya song du fu chu zhi, ran hou xia ling:“ wu jun zhai chu qi zhi liu xia wai, qi yu yi lv fen hui。”

ci ri shang wu, gao ren hou you dui jiang bing shuo:“ ben shuai ben xiang li ke qian song ni men fan xiang, dan qian lu jun zhai de shi bing bing bu le jie ben shuai de xin yi。 ben shuai xiang qing ge wei wei xian feng, deng da jun dao chuan kou、 xin jin liang chu ying zhai shi, jiang ge wei bei shang de zi rang dang di shou jun kan dao, deng dao da bei bian de yan gong, ge wei jiu ke yi hui jia le。”

yu shi yi wu shi ren bian wei yi dui, mei dui dou fa gei luo hun qing de jun qi yi mian, dui qian de zhang qi guan yi mian bu duan hui wu dao gua de jun qi, yi mian da sheng jiao dao:“ luo hun qing yi bei huo zhuo, xian yi ya song du fu ding zui, guan jun bu jiu jiu hui gong zhan ci di, ni men hai bu xiang wo men yi yang, gan kuai tou jiang, jiu ke hui fu liang min de shen fen, ping an wu shi。”

xing zhi chuan kou, gou yi hu yi seng zai ci she li le shi yi ge jun zhai, zhai zhong shi bing zheng xiang tou jiang, gou yi hu yi seng da wei zhen jing, ba jian xiang zu zhi zhong ren tou jiang, mei xiang dao zhong zei bing fan yi shi kuai diu zhi ta, bing qie he li qin xia ta song yi jiao yi gao ren hou, qi yu wu qian zei bing ye quan bu tou jiang。

di er tian, gao ren hou xia ling fen hui jun zhai, you ming jiang bing ju qi wei xian feng, lai dao xin jin, han qiu zai ci suo she zhi de shi san ge ying zhai quan bu tou jiang, han qiu ye tou gou zi yi sha shen wang。 jun shi ben xiang hui zhai, gao ren hou zu zhi shuo:“ jiang bing hai mei you chi dong xi, xian ba zhai zhong cun liang yun chu hou zai fen zhai。”

xin jiang de zei bing, jing ran zi yuan zuo fan yu qian lai zhao jiang de jiang bing tong zhuo gong shi, ge sheng xiao yu chu chu ke wen, che ye bu jue。 gao ren hou ming zai shuang liu, chuan kou deng jun zhai tou jiang de zei bing xian xing fan xiang, er yi xin jin de jiang bing zhang qi wei qian dao, dui ta men shuo:“ deng jin ru dao zhou xian jing, ni men ye jiu ke yi ge zi hui jia le。”

luo fu zi zai yan gong she zhi le jiu ge jun zhai, zai guan jun di da yan gong de qian yi wan, luo fu zi zhai zhong de zei bing, zai kan jian xin jin jiang bing de ying huo shi, jiu xing fen de zheng ye shui bu zhe, zhun bei tou jiang le, deng xin jin jiang bing dao le zhi hou, luo fu zi zhi you qi zhai tou ben qian neng。

luo fu zi tou ben qian neng hou, liang ren xiang jin quan bu bing li yu gao ren hou jue yi si zhan, ran er ji yi yi shi wei ding。 bang wan shi, yan gong jiang bing lai dao qian neng ying di qian, qian neng zheng qi zai ma shang xun shi jun zhai, jian yan gong jiang bing, xiang lv bing gong ji, na zhi shi bing quan bu ting qian neng zhi hui。 di er tian, guan jun dao da ying di shi, zhong ren ba wu hua da bang de qian neng, luo fu zi ya dao gao ren hou ma qian, yi shi jian jun shi men huan sheng lei dong。

gao ren hou yi gong zhi hua le liu tian de shi jian, jiu ba qian neng deng wu ren quan bu jian mie。

[ ping yi wen]

gao ren hou zhi bu guo shi li yong yi ming jian die san bu xiao xi, jiu shi de zei bing zheng xiang tou jiang; zhi bu guo shi li yong le ji dui jiang bing, er er shi si ge zei zhai jiu yi shen chang bo zi deng dai gao ren hou de dao lai, zhun bei tou jiang le。 zhe yang de zhan gong, na li shi zhi hui yi can ku shou duan dui fu di ren, yi qiu gong shang de ren suo neng bi de ne?

782、 yue zhong wu

【 yuan wen】

yang yao wei kou。 yue fei suo bu jie xi bei ren, bu yi xi yi shui zhan。 fei yue:“ bing he chang, gu yong zhi he ru er!” xian qian shi zhao yu zhi, zei yi dang yi huang zuo yue:“ yue jie shi hao ling ru shan, ruo yu zhi di, wan wu sheng li, bu ru wang jiang, bi shan yu wo。” sui jiang。 fei dan qi an qi bu, fu zuo bei yue:“ zi zhi ni shun zhe, guo neng li gong, feng hou qi zu dao, yu fu qian zi zhi hu zhong, shi qi ke cheng zhe qin zhi, ke quan zhe zhao zhi, ru he?” zuo gan qi, shi yi si bao。 shi zhang jun yi dou du jun shi zhi tan, can zheng xi yi yu jun yu, yi fei wan kou,[ bian pi: yong cai he zhi da ji? yu yi wen。] jun yue:“ yue hou zhong xiao ren ye。 bing you shen ji, he ke yi yan?” yi can er zhi。 huang zuo xi zhou lun zhai, sha lun, qin qi tong zhi chen gui deng。 hui zhao jun hai fang qiu。 fei xiu xiao tu shi jun, jun yu dai lai nian yi zhi。 fei yue:“ wang si xiang yi wang shi gong shui kou, ze nan; fei yi shui kou gong shui kou, ze yi。 shui zhan, wo duan bi chang, yi suo duan gong suo chang, suo yi nan; ruo yin di jiang yong di bing, duo qi shou zu zhi zhu, li qi fu xin zhi tuo, shi gu li, er hou yi wang shi cheng zhi, ba ri zhi nei, dang fu zhu qiu。” jun xu zhi。 fei sui ru ding zhou。 huang zuo zhao yang qin lai jiang, fei xi yue:“ yang qin xiao han, ji jiang, zei fu xin kui yi!”

biao shou qin wu yi da fu, li yu shen hou, nai fu qian gui hu zhong。 liang ri, qin shuo quan cong、 liu rui deng jiang, fei gui ma yue:“ zei bu jin jiang, he lai ye?” zhang zhi, fu ling ru hu。 shi ye yan di ying, jiang qi zhong shu wan。 yao fu gu bu fu, fang fu zhou hu zhong, yi lun ji shui, qi xing ru fei; pang zhi zhuang gan, guan zhou ying zhi, zhe sui。 fei fa jun shan mu wei ju fa, sai zhu gang cha, you yi fu mu luan cao, fu shang liu er xia。 ze shui qian chu, qian shan ma zhe tiao zhi, qie xing qie ma。 zei nu lai zhui, ze cao yong ji, zhou lun ai bu xing, fei ji qian bing ji zhi, zei ben gang zhong, wei fa suo ju, guan jun cheng fa, zhang niu ge yi bi shi shi, ju ju mu zhuang qi zhou, jin huai, yao tou shui zhong, niu gao qin zhan。 fei ru zei lei, yu qiu jing yue:“ he shen ye?” ju jiang, fei qin xing zhu zhai wei fu zhi, zong lao ruo gui ji, shao zhuang wei jun, guo ba ri er zei ping。 jun tan yue:“ yue hou shen suan ye!”

[ an]

yang yao ju dong ting, lu geng shui zhan, lou chuan shi yu zhang, guan jun tu yang shi, bu de jin。 yue fei mou yi yu zao da zhou, hu nan yun pan xue bi wei yue yue:“ ruo shi, fei sui yue bu sheng。 qie bi zhi suo chang,[ bian pi: ming yan ke yi chu lei。] ke bi er bu ke dou ye。 jin da han, he shui luo hong, ruo zhong gou zhou shou, wu yu zhan, sui fa duan yi jiang yi lu。 gao qi shang liu, shi bi zhi chang zuo fei。 er yi jing yi qi zhi dao qi lei, ze bi huai zai mu qian yi。” yue cong zhi, sui ping yao。 ren zhi yue hou shen suan, ping yao yu ba ri zhi jian, er bu zhi ji chu xue bi。 cong lai ming jiang ming xiang, wei you bu zi ren yi cheng gong zhe。

yue zhong wu shan yi shao ji zhong, chang yi ba bai ren po qun dao wang shan deng wu shi wan zhong yu nan xun men; yi ba qian ren po cao cheng shi wan zhong yu gui ling; qi zhan wu shu yu ying chang, ze yi bei wei ba bai, yu zhu xian zhen ze yi wu bai, jie po qi zhong shi yu wan。 fan you suo ju, jin zhao zhu tong zhi yu mou, mou ding er hou zhan。 gu you zhan wu bai, cu yu di, bu dong, di ren wei zhi yu yue:“ han shan yi, han yue jia jun nan!”

qi yu jun yan er you en, zu you qu min ma yi lv yi shu chu zhe, li zhan yi xun。 zu ye xiu, min kai men yuan na, wu gan ru zhe。 jun sui dong si bu chai wu, e si bu lu lve。 zu you ji, ze qin wei tiao yao; zhu jiang yuan shu, ze qian qi wen lao qi jia; si shi zhe, ku zhi er yu qi gu, huo yi zi hun qi nv; fan you ban shang, fen gei jun li, qiu hao bu si; mei you gong, bi gui zhi jiang shi。 xu! ci ze qi zhi sheng zhi ben ye。 jin ri jiang guan shi shi yu zhong wu fan, yu gong cheng, de hu?

【 yi wen】

nan song shi yang yao( yuan ming tai, yin chu zuo luan shi nian ji you shao, chu ren cheng nian you wei yao, gu cheng ta wei yang yao) pan ju dong ting hu wei luan, shan chang shui zhan。 yue fei( zi peng ju, zeng da bai jin bing yu zhu xian zhen, hou yi mo xu you zui ming bei qin hui xia yu si, nian san shi jiu, shi zhong wu) suo shu de bu dui duo ban shi xi bei ren, bu xi guan shui zhan。

yue fei yu shi pai ren zhao jiang yang yao shou xia da jiang huang zuo, shuo:“ ying xiong bu lun chu shen, zhi yao ni yuan yi gui jiang, ben shuai yuan yi zhong yong ni。”

huang zuo an xiang:“ yue shuai hao ling ru shan, ruo shi yu yue shuai wei di, zui hou yi ding ming sang yue jun, bu ru tou xiao yue shuai, ta bi hui shan dai zhong yong wo。” yu shi da ying gui jiang。

yue fei dan shen qi ma lai dao huang zuo ying di tan shi huang zuo, bing qie qing fu huang zuo de jian pang shuo:“ ni neng shi shi wu bi neng li da gong, ri hou he zhi shi feng hou bai jue er yi, ben shuai xiang pai ni zai hui dong ting hu, suo you na xie zei zhong tou mu, ru guo you ji ke cheng jiu huo zhuo, huo zhe quan ta gui jiang, ru he?” huang zuo bei yue fei de xin ren yu zhong yong gan dong de liu lei, fa shi yao yi si bao da yue fei。

zhe shi zhang jun yi dou du jun shi lai dao ci di, can zheng xi yi dui zhang jun biao shi huai yi yue fei you qing di zhi xin。 zhang jun shuo:“ yue shuai wei ren zhong xin cheng zheng, zai shuo jun shi ji mi, qi neng qing yi xie lu?” xi yi ting le, bu jin wei zi ji de lu mang gan dao can kui。

ling yi fang mian, huang zuo xi ji zei kou zhou lun, qin huo tong jun chen gui deng ren。 zhe shi, huang di zhao zhang jun hui chao shang yi fang qiu( song shi tu jue、 qi dan chang zai qiu tian ru kou, gu chao ting zai ci shi tiao bing shu shou bian jing, wei zhi“ fang qiu”)。 lin xing qian, yue fei qu chu xiu zhong de zhan lve tu gei zhang jun kan, xiang shang yi tao ping yang yao de ji hua。 zhang jun ren wei bu fang deng ming nian zai tao zei, yue fei shuo:“ wang si xiang yong zheng gui jun da shui kou, dang ran nan da; mo jiang yong shui kou da shui kou, zhe zhang jiu rong yi duo le。 da shui zhang bu shi wo jun de zhuan chang, yi wo jun bu shan chang de shui zhan yu shui kou dui da, dang ran rong yi shi bai; ruo shi xian zhao jiang yang yao shen bian de da jiang, shi yang yao gu li, zai jie zei jiang lv zei bing gong da ta men zi jia xiong di hou, ji zhi yi guan bing wei jiao, ba tian zhi nei yi ding neng qin fu yang yao。” zhang jun yu shi tong yi yue fei chu bing。

yue fei dao ding zhou hou, huang zuo yi shuo fu yang qin gui jiang。 yue fei gao xing de shuo:“ yang qin shi yang yao shen bian de han jiang, xian zai tou shun wo jun, yang yao yi zhong pan qin li le。” yu shi shang biao qing qiu shou yang qin wu yi da fu de guan zhi, fei chang li yu ta。 tong yang you rang yang qin hui dong ting hu wei fan jian。

liang tian hou, yang qin shuo fu quan cong、 liu rui deng ren gui jiang。 yue fei jian le ta men, gu yi ma dao:“ zei ren mei you quan bu tou jiang, ni men lai ci di zuo shen me?” ming ren bian da ta men, you ming ta men fu hui dong ting hu。 zhe wan yue fei lv bing tou xi zei ying, lu huo hao ji wan ming zei bing。

yang yao bai de bu fu qi, cheng chuan cong hu shang tao yi。 you yu yang yao suo da cheng de zhan chuan zhuang you zhuan lun, suo yi chuan xing de su du hao xiang fei yi ban; you yin chuan bian zhuang zhi zhuang gan, guan chuan yi kao jin, jiu bei zhuang gan ji de fen sui。 yue fei ming ren kan fa ju mu zuo cheng mu fa du zai gang kou; you ming ren cong shang you pao zhi da liang de fu mu za cao, rang qi shun liu er xia; you tiao xuan shan yu ma zhen de bing shi, zai yang yao chuan xing jin dao shui qian de hang dao shi, jiu bian zou bian ma, rang yang yao zai sheng nu xia, gu bu de shui qian er xia ling chuan zhi zhui ji。 

yang yao guo ran zhong ji, jie guo chuan zhi zao dao shang you liu fang de za cao zu ai, dong dan bu de, yue fei li ke xia ling guan bing gong ji, zei bing fen fen cuan tao ru gang, you zao gang kou de mu fa suo zu; guan bing zai mu fa shang jia qi niu pi, fang zhi zei ren yong jian shi gong ji, yi mian yong da mu zhuang zhuang ji zei chuan, yang yao jian da shi yi qu, tou shui shi bei niu gao qin huo zhan shou。

yue fei jin ru zei ying, can yu de zei bing ren wei yue fei shi shen ren, quan bu tou jiang, yue fei qin zi dao ge ying zhai an fu zhong ren, shi fang lao ruo de zei bing hui jia, er nian qing li zhuang de zei bing ze bian ru zheng shi bu dui, guo ran ru ta suo shuo, ba tian nei ping fu zei ren, zhang jun tan fu de shuo:“ yue hou zhen shi shen suan。”

[ feng ping yi wen]

yang yao pan ju dong ting hu, zai lu shang geng zhong, shui shang zuo zhan, lou chuan gao da shi duo zhang, guan jun yan zheng zheng de kan zhe yang yao heng xing, que wu ji ke shi。 yue fei ben xiang zao da chuan zheng tao yang yao, dan hu nan yun pan xue bi( zi zhi lao, shi zhong jian) que quan zu yue fei shuo:“ ruo yao zao da chuan, fei yao hao shi yi nian ban zai bu ke; ji shi zao hao le chuan, shui zhan reng shi yang yao suo shan chang de。 yin ci, wo jun zhi neng bi mian shui zhan er yu yang yao dou zhi, cai shi zhi sheng zhi dao。 xian zai zheng shi tian han shui ku, zu duan yi jiang yi mian, bu yao yu zei ren zheng mian chong tu, zai cong shang you liu fang da liang za cao kun zhu chuan zhi, shi zei ren wu fa fa hui shui zhan de you shi, yi mian pai yi jing yi rui qi bing zhi gong zei ying, zei ren bi bai。” yue fei ting cong xue bi de jian yi, guo ran ping ding le yang yao, yi ban ren dou ren wei yue fei liao shi ru shen, neng zai ba tian zhi nei ping ding yang yao, que bu zhi shi chu zi xue bi de ji mou。 cong lai ming jiang ming xiang, mei you bu jie zhu ta ren er cheng gong de。

yue fei shan chang yi gua ji zhong。 zeng yi ba bai ren po zei ren wang shan wu shi wan ren yu nan xun men, ye zeng yi ba qian shi bing zai gui ling da po cao cheng de shi wan da jun。 yi shang suo shuo de zhan yi, shi qian yue fei dou zeng yu tong bing de jiang ling shang yi, jing guo xi mi de ji hua cai yu zei ren yi jiao yi zhan, suo yi zhan wu bu sheng, ji shi zao dao zei ren tu ji, ye bu hui zi luan zhen jiao。 di ren zeng tan fu shuo:“ han shan yi, han yue jia jun nan。”

yue fei dai bing sui jun ling sen yan, que neng yi cheng dai bing。 you yi ming shi bing zeng yin tou qu min jia yi shu ma, er bei jun ling chu si, zhi hou ye wan xing jun, sui min jia kai da men yao jun shi ru wu zhu xiu, ye mei you shi bing gan jie shou min jia zhao dai。 ning ke dong si, ye bu qiang zhan min zhai, ning ke e si, ye bu qiang duo min liang。 shi bing sheng bing, yue fei dou qin zi zhao liao, ru guo shu shou yuan di, yue fei yi ding yao qi zi fen bie dao ge shi bing jia, wei wen ta men jia ren de sheng huo qi ju, fan shi zuo zhan xi sheng zhe, yue fei bu dan shang xin liu lei, bing fu yu ta men de gu er, huo zhe dai zi qiu hun, mei jian zhan gong, dou gui gong suo you jiang shi。 ai, zhe jiu shi yue fei suo yi zhi sheng de yuan yin。

xian zai de jiang guan, suo yan suo xing dou yu yue fei bei dao er xing, hai xiang cheng gong ma?

783、 li??/p>

【 yuan wen】

xian zong tao wu yuan ji。 tang yi deng yi jie du shi gao xia yu ji bai, yuan zi dai jiang, fu wu gong。 li? er chi yun yu? hu? yan?u> yi deng yi jie du shi。? qun yue? tuo sou mo? ke? ci cou? shun huang? zhi chai ke luo; qi xing zai lu? wei hu?ldquo; zei fang an yuan gong zhi kuan, wo bu yu shi zhen er bei wo。” nai ling yu jun zhong yue:“ tian zi zhi? jiong xian tan sao? shi? yuanа?? jiao qiao yi luan bing# yan yin? hao du? ju? huang peng# tie yao sou? wu? man?? zi??/p>

? gui liu hai? qian pie xi? jun? qin chun dan??? xun bei? rui gai gan du luan cong ji lu?? kuang? bu geng? tuo? hu?ldquo; er yi wang ren ye, wu qi qin qi。” zhong yuan wei? hou kui? shi jiangㄏ zhao zhu? qu qiang hu bao? yue shan??? yan yin? hao cang yu kong xiao? huang huai huang ji jian# xi ying dong cou?? kao shao mang? si yuan mengΑS xue qiao shen? yang??ヂ gang ba jianO lun?0 wei lan suぃ? jie?? shan, yi qu lu ye cheng, ping qing ling cheng。 qin biao jiang ding shi liang, yi qi cai, bu sha。 shu zhuo sheng jiang, shi liang ce yue:“ wu xiu lin yi shu qian bing bu ke po zhe, chen guang qia wei zhi mou ye, wo neng wei gong qu zhi。” nai qin yi xian, yu shi xiu lin ju wen cheng zha jiang。 sui yi qi zhong gong wu fang, can wai yuan, shi chu gong。 li yue:“ wang wang ri, fa dang bi。”? wei hu?ldquo; bi wei wo bu lai, ci ke ji ye。” zhong jue si zhan, zei nai zou。 huo quan sui qu wu fang,? wei hu?ldquo; bu ke, wu fang ba, ze zei li zhuan, bu ruo liu zhi, yi fen qi li。”

chu, xiu lin jiang,? miテ jian zhongは lve zhen zheng? zi tou jun? liu yun??P lin zhang? bao hui hu?ldquo; bi po zei, fei li? wu yi cheng gong zhe。”?, zei jian jiang ye, shou xing qiao zha, qi zhan chang yi guan jun。? qian mengv hu huo yu ye, qian shi yong cheng yi zhuang shi san bai fu qi pang, jian lei zu ruo jiang fan ju zhe,? guo qing chu, yong cheng qin er hai。 zhu jiang su ku?, qing sha zhi,[ bian pi: neng ku zhu jiang, ding shi you yong zhi ren。]? bao huang?? yun? tu?? jian liv ji li zhong yi, ping ren yu zhi ye ai。 zhong yi yi zei jiang, jun zhong duo jian ci er ren bu ke jin。? dang? jing chiD si ji lang ke??? huan?? yue tao??/p>

hui yu, zi wu yue zhi qi yue bu zhi, jun zhong yi wei bu sha? zhi fa,[ bian pi: bu tong。] jiang li za ran bu jie,? zouΣ huang du lao zengv, nai chi yi qi, yue:“ tian bu yu ping zei hu? he jian duo zhe zhong ye?” ze xie er song zhi chao, biao yan:“ bi sha?, wu yu gong mou cai zhe。”

zhao shi yi hai? dan? jiong si ga qian3 wu zhi shi long? yu? han? xing geng?v feng xi wu yan。 zhu jiang nai bu gan yan, you shi shi ding xi cai zhi mou yi。

[ shu ping]

bu xie song?, ze bang zhe bu xi。 ci yu si ma yi qi shan qing zhan feng zhao er zhi tong yi ji zhou, jie cheng yan xian ru, du qi bi bu wu er hou xing zhi zhe ye。 xin pi chi jie er shu shi lao, li? hai mu er wu kou ping, sui jiang zhi shan, jun yi yu yan。

yue hou ping yang yao, li? jian sou? mang? tuan huai hui shen pang jie xiao? ying shang? pan yi zhong? tong gu xue zhi shi bing: jian si? huangе?? shen huan lv xiong? huang ying♂? dui⒎ xunt wang qi shen, ju wei jiang ren ci sha, cao man、 fu jian wang qi shi, chi bi zhi yi, cao xin huang gai zhi jiang yi qu bai; fei shui zhi zhan, jiang jiang zhu xu mou gui jin, yi? yi dao jin bai qin, bi jie lao yu bing shi zhe, er you ru ci, ke bu shen yu?

li? lv??? tao bo? shan gang yi jia? yi sui? jian? song rui? huang xieе?? shi? le congб yun liang? qun changぴ tiao qi dai?/p>

[ shu ping]

neng yong die, bu fang she die。 ran bi xian zhi die, fang neng yong die; bi neng shi min bu yin die, fang neng zhi die; bi en wei you yi fu min, fang neng shi min bu yin die。 wu hu, nan yan yi。

jin you yi zai, ji yu mi dao, wei zhu dao wang wang huo zi ji jia, bi qu ji chu jing, nai qing dao sou。 fu ji jia guo sou dao, zheng yi liu zhi, yi wei bu yi er mu zhi jing。 ruo sou zhi jing wai, yu sou zhi jing nei yong yu? jia ling dao sou min jia, yi jiang jin min er qu zhi hu? bu shen yan bu yi zhi du, er qiu dao wu sou, si wu ce zhi shen zhe ye。

shi li guang yan zhan shu sheng, yuan ji lv rui shi tun hui qu yi kang guang yan。? lv? mian du sha shua? sou gu eΓ?v yi tu jiang san qian wei qian feng, li zhong yi fu zhi,? ya shou xin??В? de? xian yun lu? rui? xin mou qinぃ? qian hu?ldquo; yin er dong。” liu shi li zhi, xi zhang chai, jian qi shu, chi shi shao xiu, yi zhi an kai, fa ren gou shi。 hui da yu xue, tian hui, lin feng yan qi lie fu, ma jie suo li, shi bao ge dong si yu dao shi yi er。 zhang chai zhi dong, bei ze zu ao, zhong wei chang dao ye, jie wei tou bu ce, shi fa。 li qing suo xiang,? wei hu?ldquo; ru cai zhou qu wu yuan ji。”[ bian pi: dou ran。] shi shi se, jian jun shi zhe qi yue:“ guo luo? ji。” ran ye cong? dan? si shun huan yi yun? pi# yan yin? he keng xie si le? nang yin#? chen zhi ba? xian nuo kui? yue??? kui hui zhong yuan?? shan jiang kuiP xin ling? zheng? gong mao? lie?? qian?┥ zuo3 qiao yue yuan fu tong wu? zou yan mao?? yue yi??T ba huo jun⒗ shan jiao? tang huang niu? lu?v deng kan yong xian deng, zhong cong zhi, sha men zhe kai guan, liu chi tuo, chuan ye zi ru。 li ming xue zhi,? jia guangぴ? meng tuo?? tang chong? hu?ldquo; cheng xian yi!” yuan ji shang bu xin, yue:“ shi hui qu zi di lai suo chu yi er。” ji wen hao ling, yue:“ chang shi chuan yu。” shi jing, yue:“ he chang shi de zhi ci。” lv zuo you deng ya cheng。 tian jin cheng jin bing bo zhi,? liao pu? men yi? reng hui? li sheng? shuo men mei yi kan cang?? gua yi kui? yun qin jiu li sheng? li shi yuanテ e zi lu dai=? xia wu sha niu?? men guang zheng? di? long? liang tu┦Α?/p>

【 yi wen】

tang xian zong ming tang yi deng yi jie du shi gao xia yu( shu zhi《 chun qiu》 ji bing fa) tao fa wu yuan ji( zeng yu dong zhong zhi gong piao guan dong, hou bei li? yi jiaoǎ┦О xiong xi? zhi?? tan? you jia⑽? hui ren gu zhong deng?? yun jiao tun xunΑ@? danㄗ zhong? bao? xin beng yu┳ zai gai chiノ xiang deng? xue qiao long chen wen????u> yi deng yi jie du shi。

li? jia xian? zhuo? mo jia xiang?u> yi jiao yi zhan shi bai hou, shi qi shang wei hui fu, yu shi xia ling zan shi ting zhi chi hou chu ren wu。 you ren dui ci ti chu yi yi, li? hou dan?ldquo; zei ren yi xi guan yuan da ren yi kuan ren dai bing de zuo feng er song xie fang bei, wo bu xiang da cao jing she。”

jie zhe you zhao gao quan jun:“ huang shang zhi wo neng yin ren, suo yi zhi wei pai wo an fu jun shi de qing xu, zhi yu zuo zhan da zhang, zhe bu shi wo de zhi ze。” zei ren ye yin li? mi na? nuo⒉ huang qiang li?? xing yao you? mo?/p>

qi shi li? li? shun liao qu? kou yuan xi? shuS nian xing suo si chun dan?? you ji weng? qie mo? xiong?u> yi you zou dong, cong bu yu yi jian shi huo xian zhi; yu you jiang zhe de qin you si zai gu xiang de, jiu zhi zeng jin bo mi liang, yao ta men hui xiang ben sang, bing shuo:“ ni men ye shi tian zi de chen min, bu ke yi qi qin ren。” zhong ren bei li? mi mou xian jin? xie?? jia gan nang?? xiao? lan??? za xie gua suo shuo mu? fei ba can? mu gui wei⒈?Σ jia mang?? you ji si san gang pi?/p>

ban nian hou, li? liao?? ke ke? dai hai? yin ba dao fen xing wu?? lang bei? shang yu? tu you?サ xiaoO qunヂ gang ba jian? pin lan suぃ? jie?? shan, qu lu yan cheng, ping qing ling cheng, qin huo han jiang ding shi liang。 li? zou??? qiang? niu? hui xing bi?6∈ ke ji xieぶ? bo? zhun pu dan?ldquo; wu xiu lin sui zhi you shu qian bing li, dan guan jun lv gong bu xia, wan quan shi yin you chen guang qia wei ta chu zhu yi, wo yuan yi wei li gong qin xia chen guang qia。” guo ran, zai ding shi liang qin fu chen guang qia hou, wu xiu lin zai wen cheng zha qi xie tou jiang。

yu shi li? kui mi zhong?ノ huo junㄏ bei??? rao pie qiang peng pang xi yuan chou? wo ta? song bi xing si ao? dan?ldquo; kun zhan zhi bing, bu ke qiong zhui。” li? hou dan?ldquo; zheng yin zei ren yi wei wo bu hui jin zhui, cai shi wo jin gong de zui jia shi ji。” zhong jun shi ye yuan yi yu zei ren yi jue si zhan, jiang shi yong ming zhi xia, zei bing si chu kui tao。 you ren jian yi gan cui jiang wu fang yi ping, yi du jue zei ren zai du ju ji。 li? hou dan?ldquo; bu ke。 yi ping wu fang, zei ren de bing li jiu hui ji zhong, bu ru bao liu wu fang, fen san zei ren bing li。”

dang chu, wu xiu lin zi fu tou jiang shi, li? lv huang fa chui jiao mou qinは long? zhuo xie bi can jun?⑶ zong yun?? sha xi? wen???? lianN wu lin zhao can zhun pu dan?ldquo; yao xiang po wu yuan ji, fei qin huo li? bu ke。” li? shi wu yuan ji shou xia da jiang, fu ze fang shou xing qiao zha, mei ci zhan yi dou po shi guan jun wu gong er fan, bu de bu ling xing pai bing jin jiao。 li? wu??? mao xia shi yang??u> yi jing yi bing zai li? de ying di fu jin de jiao ye mai fu, ling pai yi xie lao bing, jia zuo yao gong ji fen shao li? de ying di, li? guo ran zhong ji chu bing, bei yong cheng suo fu。 guan jun zeng duo ci chi guo li? de ku tou, qing qiu li? jing beng song???? wu huai liaoΓ? chui? yao tu?? yi? wanv, shen zhi ping tui pang ren, dan du yu li?、 li zhong yi liang ren tan dao ban ye, li zhong yi ye shi zei jiang。 jun guan men fen fen quan shuo li? dan? huan shao ke shuo? cao??? yong??? jia chui chui? you yu ji ti tiao? shu?/p>

ling wai, li? qun cai ji? lv ke?? song? huan yang?? zong yuan jiang jia dao er?/p>

zheng qiao zhe qi jian, da yu bu zhi, you wu yue yi zhi xia dao qi yue。 guan jun men chuan chu“ tian yu bu zhi shi shang tian wei ze fa li? bao huang beng wanv” de yao yan。 you yu guan jun men bu neng liang jie li? jian ti sun wanv deng ren de zuo fa, yin ci shi qi di luo, er sha di ping zei you bu neng zhi kao li? qun huang shu@? li li ping shang┫ long? hui xin? shui ya wanv guan qi lai, ku zhe shuo:“ nan dao shi tian yi bu rang wo ping zei ma? wei shen me da jia dou fan dui wo de zuo fa ne?” shuo wan, jiang li? song yi jiao yi chao ting chu zhi, bing qie shang biao zou qing:“ yi ding yao sha li?, fou ze wu fa yu zhong jun shi gong tong xi mie wu yuan ji。”

xian zong que xia zhao shi hui li?, bing ming li? fu zuo li? wu yao xiang dian@? wu? wanv tong ling liu yuan bing ma( tang chao shan nan dao yi jing yi bing, mei tian pei zhe jian chu ru zhang xia yi shi)。 li? shou peng gong wen, bu jin gan dong de liu lei, qi ta guan jun ye bu gan zai you fan dui yi jian。 yu shi shang xia yi xin, gong tong shang yi xi ji wu zei de ji hua。

[ shu ping yi wen]

bu ba li? shang xing ju song wang jing cheng, hui bang de hua jiang bu hui zhi xi, zhe he dang nian si ma yi qi shan qing zhan, deng feng dao huang di zhao ling ji zhi, suo yong de ji lve shi yi yang de, dou shi xian ba yi qie li hai guan xi ji suan qing chu, yu gu“ ji” zhi ke xing, yi ding neng de dao shou ken, cai fang shou yi bo。 jiu ru xin pi chuan da sheng zhi zhi hou, shu guo de jun dui jiu bu kan zuo zhan le。

li? zhong hui li? mi nao shi long? meng yuan tui jiao? shua? yin tang huang qiao??? na pu mo mao???? song po wei nan tu?? cai qian shang lu nao? jieT lan yi jiao xuan di⒗? wu yao xiang? mang? wei ji qiang xia cao?ピ tang zhu? cai qie zhi??П jiu mang ze xing??? qian? chen shua hui jiao hui sao yan pu zhang qi pi? pai yun shuo xiong lvぁH quan? jian shun huan chi kong yun zha jiΓ? huan mei lao????? xun2 huangО pengO pan? dui⒎ xunt dou shi bei jiang bing suo sha, cao cao mang xin huang gai zhi jiang, fu jian ye shi yin wei jiang jiang zhu xu mou jiang nan chao, yi? yi dao bai qin, fen bie bai yu chi bi zhi yi he fei shui zhi zhan。 ta men dou shi sha chang lao jiang, shu yu jun shi, shang qie ru ci, hou ren neng bu jin shen xiao xin ma?

li? chuan ji gan? da tao fu bao? man reng??ldquo; wo zang jian die huo zhi die bu bao zhe yi bing chu si” de lv ling, li? gui fei? shan rui? huan sha hui zhi fang junC nai? gou xieは long? chui??u> yi gong jun qing gei li? dan? gu?? you gan pu zhan xing shuo mu? can qi dai?/p>

[ shu ping yi wen]

yao neng yun yong jian die, bu fang rang ren wo zang jian die, dan bi xu xian zha ming jian die de suo zai, cai neng yun yong ta men。 zhi you neng rang bai xing bu wo zang jian die, cai neng zha jiao chu ta men de cun zai; zhi you dui bai xing en wei bing ji, cai neng shi bai xing bu yin zang jian die。 zhe qi zhong de xue wen ke da le!

you yi xian ling xiang su qing jing nei de dao fei, ren wei ji ran yi wang zeng duo ci zai ji guan bu huo dao fei, bu ru jiang ji yi nv gan chu xian jing, na me dao fei ye jiu zi ran hui xiao sheng ni ji le。 ru guo dao fei chang liu lian ji guan, bu shi zheng hao gei yu bu yi ji bu dao fei de xian suo, yu qi rang dao fei ju ji xian wai, bu ru rang ta men liu zai xian nei, hao jiu jin jian shi zhang wo。 ru guo zhao na ge luo ji, ru guo ta men pan ju min jia, shi fou ye yao jiang quan xian de bai xing qu zhu chu jing ne? shen wei xian ling, bu du ze ya yi jin li ju bu dao fei, fan er zhi xi wang dao fei mei you luo jiao de di fang, zhen shi mei you tou nao dao ji dian le。

zao xian li guang yan( zi guang yuan, shi zhong) yi lian da le ji ci sheng zhang, wu yuan ji lv ling yi jing yi bing zhu zha hui qu, dui kang li guang yan。 li? lv? lao xie? sha shua? tuo qu gua gou⒈??? wanv lv san qian tu ji bing dan ren qian feng, yi li zhong yi wei fu jiang xie zhu zhi, zi ji qin lv zhong jun tian jin cheng suo shu san qian ren ya zhen、 zhi ying。

chu le wen cheng zha hou, li? qiu lu juan? qian hu?ldquo; xiang dong zhuan, ting jin liu shi li。” li ji xi ji zhang chai zhai, che di jian mie le fang shou de di jun, ran hou rang bu dui shao zuo xiu xi, zheng li ma an, kui jia, mo li dao ren, zhun bei hao gong shi, dai ming chu ji。

zhe shi tian jiang da xue, tian se hui an, han feng lin lie, xu duo shi bing dou shou bu le yan han de qi hou, pi fu dong lie, lian ma ye wei suo bu qian, shi bing dong si zai lu shang de ye you shi zhi yi er。 zhang chai zhai zhi dong, ni ze nan xing, mei ren zou guo zhe tiao lu, da jia dou ren wei qian tu nan ce。

bu dui gang yu bei chu zhang mu, jun li qian lai qing shi mu de di, li? hou dan?ldquo; ru cai zhou gong wu yuan ji。” jun shi men yi ting, ren ren wei zhi shi se, jian jun ye ku zhe shuo:“ yuan shuai guo zhen zhong le li? de quan tao。” dan hua sui ru ci, shi bing men reng bao zhe zhui sui li? gui zan? dong lai mu fang mo@? ze sha fang〔 kang you ping deng nuo kui? xia??? nai si fa? zhi sha? xie xia shi jiao jiang lan xi? tao? qiu ba ping? ling? zheng? gua gu beng chui jiao?? qiaU xiu bei gou┓ zhui sang? qiao yuan ji qiao qie? lian㈡ lu mou ye li?? wu? si? o lian㈡ se? mi zi yi? fu?? li di nao zhong? liao niu? zuo@ wanv deng ren shou xian lv zhong deng cheng, sha cheng men shou wei hou, da kai cheng men, dan reng ru ping chang ban da geng bao shi。

di er tian tian liang, da xue ting le。 li? qian? jia xiang? meng tong? nai xie qian? luo ban pa? zhi mu qu xiao?ldquo; cheng yi shi xian le。” wu yuan ji hai bu xiang xin de shuo:“ ye xu shi hui qu de zi di bing qian lai ling qu mian yi ba。” deng dao ting le chuan ling bing shuo:“ chang shi you ling。” cai jing ju de wen:“ na wei chang shi dao ci?” ji mang lv ling qin xin deng shang ya cheng。 ci shi tian jin cheng yi ling bing ba ta men yi tuan yi yi tuan yi wei zhu。

li? ze xie xi? xiang? mi huan? nai?? li shengㄐ yuan fen long? pu mao?┏ xian? reng?? xue qiao zong yuan jiao? yi jiao meng? mu yi shua? can ke? qian hui?? niu?⑶ zong yun chuo sou huan tuo xin deng luo6? li shi chuo song ou xi? xue┌ zi long?テ gu chun dai?/p>

tian jin cheng yu shi huo shao nan men。 wu yuan ji jian da shi yi qu, xia cheng ti qing jiang, bei guan ru lao che, ya song jing shi。

784、 zhao chong guo

【 yuan wen】

xian ling、 han kai jie xi qiang zhong, ge you hao, shu xiang gong ji, cheng chou。 xiong yi nu yi lian he zhu qiang, shi jie chou zuo yue。 chong guo liao qi dao qiu bian bi qi, yi qian shi xing bian yu wei bei。 yu shi liang fu bai qian yi qu an guo xing shi zhu bian, fen bie shan e。 an guo zhi, zhao xian ling zhu hao san shi yu ren, yi you jie xia, jie zhan zhi, zong bing ji zhan qian yu ji, zhu jiang qiang xi pan, gong cheng yi, sha chang li。 shang wen:“ shui ke jiang zhe。” chong guo dui yue:“ wu yu yu lao chen zhe yi。” chong guo shi nian qi shi yu。 shang wen:“ jiang jun du qiang lu he ru? dang yong ji ren?” chong guo yue:“ bai wen bu ru yi jian, bing nan? du。 chen yuan chi zhi jin cheng, tu shang fang lve。” chong guo zhi jin cheng, xu bing man wan qi, fang du he, kong wei lu suo zhe, ji ye qian san xiao xian mei xian du, du zhe ying zhen。 ji ming, yi ci jin du。 lu shu shi bai qi lai, chu ru jun pang。 chong guo yi ci xiao qi nan zhi, qie kong wei you, jie jun wu ji, yue:“ wu shi ma xin juan, bu ke chi zhu, ji lu yi tian mie wei qi, xiao li bu zu tan ye。” qian qi hou si wang? zhong( di ming), wang lu。 ye yin bing zhi luo dou, wei zhu xiao si ma yue:“ wu zhi qiang wu neng wei yi。 shi fa shu qian ren shou du si wang、? zhong, wu qi de ru zai!” sui xi zhi xi bu dou wei fu, ri xiang jun shi, shi jie yu wei yong。 lu shu tiao zhan, chong guo jian shou。[ bian pi: jie jie chi zhong。] chu han kai hao mi dang er shi di diao ku lai gao dou wei yue:“ xian ling jiang fan。” hou shu ri, guo fan。 diao ku zhong ren po zai xian ling zhong, dou wei ji liu diao ku wei zhi。 chong guo yi wei wang zui, qian gui gao zhong hao:“ da bing zhu you zui, wu qu bing mie, neng xiang bu zhan zhe, chu zui: zhan da hao you zui zhe yi ren, ci qian si shi wan, zhong hao shi wu wan, xia hao er wan, da nan san qian, nv zi ji lao xiao qian qian。 you yi suo bu qi zi cai wu yu zhi。” yu yi wei xin zhao jiang han kai ji jie lve zhe, jie san lu mou。 jiu quan tai shou xin wu xian shang yan:“ jin lu chao xi wei kou, tu di han ku, han ma bu neng dong, ke yi ma shi, yi qi yue shang xun ji san shi ri liang, fen bing bing chu zhang ye、 jiu quan, he ji han kai。” tian zi xia qi yi, chong guo yi wei:“ tuo fu san shi ri shi, you you yi zhuang bing qi, nan yi zhui zhu。 ju qian xian, shou hou?, yi jue liang dao, bi you shang wei zhi huan。 qie xian ling shou wei pan ni, yi juan han kai an mei zhi guo, xian zhu xian ling yi zhen dong zhi。” chao yi wei:” xian ling bing sheng er fu han kai zhi zhu, bu xian po han kai, ze xian ling wei ke tu。”[ bian pi: si shi er fei。] tian zi sui chi chong guo jin bing。 chong guo shang shu xie zui, yin chen li hai yue:“ chen wen bing fa:‘ gong bu zu zhe shou you yu。’‘ shan zhan zhe zhi ren, bu zhi yu ren。’ ji han qiang yu wei kou, yi jian lian yi qi qi zhi, yi yi dai lao, bi sheng zhi dao ye。 jin shi zhi lu zhi shu, er cong wei lu suo zhi zhi dao, yu yi wei bu bian。 xian ling qiang yu wei bei pan。 gu yu han kai jie chou jie yue。 ran qi si xin, yi kong han bing zhi er han kai bei zhi。 qi ji chang yu xian fu han、 kai zhi ji, yi jian qi yue。 xian ji han qiang, xian ling bi zhu zhi。 jin lu ma fei、 shi zu, ji zhi wei jian li, shi shi xian ling de shi de yu han qiang yi jian qi yue。 yi dang yi jian shi sheng, fu zhe qin duo, chen kong guo jia zhi you bu er san sui er yi。 yu chen zhi ji, xian zhu xian ling, ze han kai bu fan bing er fu; ru qi bu fu, xu zheng yue ji zhi wei wan。” shang cong chong guo yi, chong guo yin bing zhi xian ling, lu jiu tun ju, jie chi, wang jian da jun, qi che zhong, yu du huang shui, dao? xia, chong guo xu xing qu zhi。[ bian pi: you chi zhong。] huo yue:“ zhu li yi ji。” chong guo yue:“ ci qiong kou, bu ke po ye, huan zhi ze zou bu gu, ji zhi ze hai zhi si。” zhu xiao jie yue:“ shan。” lu fu shui ni si shu bai, jiang ji zhan shou wu bai yu ren。 bing zhi han di, ling jun wu fan ju luo chu mu tian zhong。 han qiang wen zhi, xi yue:“ han guo bu ji wo yi。” hao mi wang lai zi gui, chong guo ci yin shi, qian hai yu zhong ren, shi qiang jiang zhe wan yu ren。 chong guo du qiang bi huai, qing ba qi bing, liu wan ren tun tian, yi dai qi bi。

【 yi wen】

han chao shi, xian ling、 han kai dou shi xi qiang zhong zu, ge you qiu chang, yin bi ci hu xiang gong ji er cheng chou jia。 hou lai xiong yi nu yi lian he qi ta qiang zu, hu ding meng yue, jie chu chou hen。

zhao chong guo ren wei dao qiu tian ma fei de shi hou, yi ding hui fa sheng qiang bian, jian yi xian pai shi zhe qu xun shi bian jing de shou wei bu dui, yao ta men yu zuo fang bei, bing jian shi qiang zu de xing dong, yu shi cheng xiang he yu shi liang fu jiu si xia pai qian yi qu an guo( zhao di shi guan guang lu da fu) qu xun shi qiang ren dong yi tai , le jie ta men ni shun de qing xing。

yi qu an guo dao le qiang di, bian zhao ji xian ling de ge qiu chang gong san shi duo ren, jiang qi zhong te bie ao man, bu shun cong de dou sha le, hai ren you jun dui qu gong ji xian ling ren, zhan sha hao ji qian qiang ren, ge bu zu de qiang ren dou qi er fan kang, sha si chang li, bing duo qu han jun de wu qi zhuang bei。

yi qu an guo hui chao zou bing zhao di, zhao di shuo:“ xian zai qing shi hun luan, you shui ke yi ren ming wei jiang jun dai bing ping luan ne?”

zhao chong guo hui da shuo:“ zai mei you bi lao chen geng hao de ren xuan le。” chong guo shi nian qi shi yu。

zhao di shuo:“ jiang jun neng fou yu ce mu qian qiang ren de shi li、 da suan dai duo shao bing ma qu?”

zhao chong guo shuo:“ bai wen bu ru yi jian, da zhang de shi hen nan ping kong she xiang。 lao chen xiang xian dao jin cheng, zai ji hua gong tao de fang lve。”

zhao chong guo dao le jin cheng, zheng tiao yi wan ming shi bing xiang du he, you pa zao dao qiang ren jie ji, bian chen ye pai san ge ying shi bing xian qiao qiao du he, du le he hou, li ke zha ying fang bei qiang ren lai fan。 dao le tian liang, jun shi men yi yi ci quan bu an ran du he, qiang ren fa jiao hou, pai le shu bai qi bing, zai han jun zuo you chu mei yi? yi rao。 zhao chong guo xiang qiang qi yi xiang xiao yong shan zhan, nan yi zhi yi fu , zai shuo zhe ye ke neng shi qiang ren you di zhi ji, yu shi xia ling:“ wo jun bing ma gang du he, yi lve you juan yi, bu bi zhui ji qiang qi, gong ji qiang ren yao yi xiao mie ta men wei mu biao, qu qu jin bai qiang qi, bu bi zhe yi tan qiu。”

zhao chong guo yi mian pai qi bing qu zhen cha si wang he? zhong zhe liang ge di fang, fa xian qi zhong bing wu qiang ren chu mei。 yu shi chen ye yin bing dao luo dou, zhao ji ge bu jiang ling shuo:“ wo jiu zhi dao qiang ren bu shan yong bing, ru guo ta men tiao pai ji qian ren fang shou si wang he? zhong, wo jun na neng xiang qian tui jin ne?” yu shi xiang xi tui jin dao xi bu dou wei fu, ri ri xiang yan jun shi, shi zu dou xi wang wei ta xiao li li gong, qiang ren hao ji ci qian lai tiao xin, zhao chong guo dou xia ling jian shou。

qi chu, han kai de qiu chang mi dang er pai ta de di di diao ku lai gao su dou wei shuo:“ xian ling ren xiang zao fan。” guo le ji tian, xian ling ren guo ran pan bian。 dan diao ku de zu ren you xu duo ye zai xian ling de bu dui li, dou wei bian liu xia diao ku zuo ren zhi。 zhao chong guo ren wei diao ku wu zui, bian fang le ta, yao ta hui qu gao su ge qiu chang:“ han chao da jun shi lai zhu tao you zui de ren, bing bu shi yao dui suo you de qiang ren gan jin sha jue, fan fa de ren ru guo neng dai zui li gong, qu zhan sha qi ta fan zui de ren, bu dan ke yi mian zui, ling wai hai ke yi gong lao da xiao huo shang: sha da tou mu zhe ci qian si shi wan, zhong tou mu shi wu wan, xiao tou mu san wan, nan ren san qian, nv zi ji lao ruo ge shang yi qian, tong shi lu huo de nv zi ji cai wu ye dou wan quan gui qi suo you。”

zhao chong guo xiang ping jie wei xin qu zhao jiang qiang ren ji na xie bei jie chi er fan pan de ren, lai wa jie qiang ren de yi? yi mou。

jiu quan tai shou xin wu xian shang zou shuo:“ xian zai qiang ren zao wan dou lai yi? yi rao bian jing。 qiang di ku han, han ma wu fa shi ying bei di yan ku de qi hou。 bu ru zai qi yue shang xun, xie dai san shi tian de liang shi, fen bie cong zhang ye、 jiu quan, he gong han kai。” zhao di ba zou zhang yi jiao yi gei zhao chong guo ji yi。 zhao chong guo ren wei, ma pi bei fu san shi tian de liang shi, zai jia shang yi fu, wu qi deng zhuang bei, xing jun de su du yi ding zhui gan bu shang qiang ren, ru guo qiang ren zai qian ju xian yao, hou shou e sai, duan jue guan bing liang dao, qing shi dui guan jun hui fei chang bu li, yi ding hui you shang wang wei xian de gu lv。 zai shuo shou xian mou fan de shi xian ling ren, qi ta qiang zu zhi shi shou dao xian ling de xie po cai zuo luan, suo yi zhao chong guo ren wei ying gai ba han kai fu he xian ling fan pan de yu mei guo shi, fang zai yi bian bu zhui jiu, xian dui xian ling jin xing zhu tao, yi wei fu qi ta qiang ren。

ran er qun chen que ren wei xian ling bing li qiang da, you yi shi han kai de bang zhu, ru guo bu xian ji mie han kai, hen nan ping fu xian ling。

yu shi zhao di xia ling zhao chong guo jin gong han kai。 zhao chong guo shang shu qing zui, pou chen li hai, shuo:“ chen ting shuo《 sun zi bing fa》 shang shuo guo,‘ bing li bu zu yi jin gong zhe jiu fang shou’, you shuo,‘ shan yu zuo zhan de ren, neng zhang wo di ren, que bu hui bei di ren suo zhang wo’。 xian zai qiang ren ru kou, wo men bian ying gai zheng chi bing ma, xun lian zhan shi, yi yi dai lao, cai shi zhi sheng zhi dao; ru jin fang qi zhi di xian ji, luo ru di ren de zhan shu, yu chen yi wei qian wan bu ke。 xian ling xiang yao fan pan da han, suo yi cai he han kai hua jie guo qu de chou hen, ding li meng yue; dan shi ta men xin li ye dan xin han bing yi lai, han kai huo xu hui bei pan ta men, suo yi xian ling xi wang han jun xian gong da han kai, ta men hao chu bing jiu zhu han kai, biao shi jian shou bi ci de meng yue。 xian zai qiang ma fei zhuang, liang shi chong zu, wo men chu bing gong ji, kong pa tao bu dao hao chu, zhi shi zheng hao rang xian ling you ji hui you en yu han kai, geng jian ding ta men zhi jian de meng yue, xian ling de shi li jiu hui ri jian zhuang da, gui fu de qiang ren ye hui ri jian zeng duo。 lao chen dan xin na shi hou, xian ling hui cheng wei wo chao de da huan, jiang bu zhi shi er、 san nian de wai huan er yi。 yi lao chen zhi jian, ru guo neng xian zhu mie xian ling, ji shi bu tao fa han kai, han kai ye zi ran hui gui shun; wan yi xian ling yi bei zhu mie, er han kai reng ran bu fu, na me, dao zheng yue shi zai jin gong ye bu chi。” zhao di jie na le zhao chong guo de yi jian。

zhao chong guo yu shi lv bing jin gong xian ling, xian ling yin ju an ri jiu, yi song xie fang bei, wang jian han chao da jun, fen fen diu xia zhuang bei, xiang du huang shui tao ming, you yu dao lu xia ai, zhao chong guo zhi jin nie kui bing zhi hou, xu xu qu gan, bing bu ji zhe zhui gan, you chi zhong。 you ren shuo:“ zhui ji xian ling tao bing, zhe zheng shi jian gong de da hao ji hui。” zhao chong guo shuo:“ zhe xie dou shi zou tou wu lu de qiong kou, bu ke yi guo fen yi bi yi po ta men。 man man de zhui gan ta men, ta men bian hui mei ming de tao zou; dan shi ru guo yi bi yi ji de hua, ta men huo xu hui hui guo tou lai pin ming de。” zhu jiang dou shuo you li。

jie guo qiang ren bei shui yan si de you hao ji bai ren, tou jiang huo bei kan tou de you wu bai duo ren。 dang han jun lai dao han kai ren ju zhu de di fang, zhao chong guo xia ling: bu de shao hui ta men de bu luo, ye bu ke yi dao ta men tian li shou ge nong zuo wu huo fang mu ma pi。 han qiang ting shuo ci shi, dou hen gao xing de shuo:“ han jun guo ran bu shi lai mie jue wo men de a。”

qiang qiu mi wang yu shi zi dong qian lai gui shun, zhao chong guo ci ta shi wu hou, reng fang ta hui qu quan xiao qi ta de zu ren。 yi shi zhi jian, you yi wan duo ming qiang ren qing jiang, zhao chong guo yu liao qiang ren hui zi xing wa jie, suo yi qian hui quan bu qi bing, bing qing zhun yu liu xia yi wan ming bing shi zai dang di tun tian, jing dai qi bian。

785、 xi gong

【 yuan wen】

jin、 chu yu yu rao jiao, luan wu zi shu bu yu zhan。 xi gong yue:“ chu shi qing tiao, yi zhen dang ye。 ruo duo gu jun sheng, yi ye jun zhi, chu shi bi dun。” jin ren cong zhi, chu shi xiao dun。

【 yi wen】

chun qiu shi, jin、 chu liang jun zai rao jiao xiang yu。 luan wu zi( luan shu) bu xiang yu chu jun zheng mian chong tu。 xi gong shuo:“ chu jun ren xin fu dong, ji lv song chi, hen rong yi shou wai jie de shan dong。 zhi yao wo jun zheng ye jun gu sheng bu duan, hao xiang sui shi yao chu bing gong di, chu jun yi ding shou bu le zhi wen gu sheng, bu jian di bing de xin li ya li er kui tao。” jing guo yi ye de jun gu sheng, chu ren guo zhen tui bing。

786、 wang de yong

【 yuan wen】

wang de yong wei ding zhou lu zong guan, ri xun lian shi zu, jiu zhi, shi shu ke yong。 hui qi dan you die zhe lai chan, huo qing bu sha zhi。 de yong yue:“ di she zhi。 wu zheng yu qi yi shi hai gao, bai zhan bai sheng, bu ru yi bu zhan sheng ye。” ming ri gu da yue, shi jie yong yue si fen, nai yi? yi xia ling:“ ju qiu liang, ting wu qi gu suo wen。” chan zhe gui gao, wei:“ han bing qie da ru。” sui lai yi he。

【 yi wen】

song chao ren wang de yong( zi yuan fu, shi wu gong) chu ren ding zhou lu zong guan shi, mei tian xun lian shi zu, yi duan shi ri hou, shi zu dou cheng wei ke yong zhi bing。

zheng qiao zhe shi fa jiao you qi dan jian die qian ren, you ren jian yi bu sha zhe xie jian die。 wang de yong que shuo:“ xian bu ji。 wo you miao ji, ke yi shi zhe xie jian die hui qu hou, ba wo men de shi qing bao gao gei qi dan wang, suo wei bai zhan bai sheng, bu ru bu zhan er sheng。”

di er tian, wang de yong xia ling ju xing yue bing da dian, shi zu men ge ge long teng hu yue, da shi zhun bei ma cao jun liang, quan ti jun shi dou zhao zhe qi gu suo zhi de fang xiang, bai chu yi fu xing jiang chu bing dui wai yuan zheng de zi tai。

qi dan jian die gan jin hui qu fu ming, shuo song jun jiu yao da ju gong da qi dan, yu shi qi dan wang li ke qian shi xiang song chao qiu he。

787、 han shi zhong

【 yuan wen】

guang xi zei cao cheng yong zhong zai chen、 shao, shi zhong ji ping min kou, xuan shi yong jia, ruo jiang jiu xiu xi zhe。 hu you chu xin jing zhi yu zhang, lian ying yi jiang yi bin shu shi li, qun zei bu yu qi zhi, da jing, shi zhong qian ren zhao zhi, cheng sui jiang, de zhan shi ba wan。

【 yi wen】

nan song shi guang xi zei fei cao cheng zai chen、 shao yi dai ju zhong zuo luan, han shi zhong zai tao ping fu jian dao kou hou, li ji ban shi hui yong jia, hao xiang bu zai you ji xu jiao fei de ji hua。

you yi tian, han shi zhong de da jun tu ran you chu xin( di ming) chao xiao lu dao yu zhang, zai yi jiang yi bian zha ying, yuan yuan wang qu mian chang shu shi li, dou shi han shi zhong da jun de ying zhai。 zei ren mei xiang dao han shi zhong de jun dui hui ban lu zhe fan, da gan jing kong, dang han shi zhong pai ren zhao jiang shi, cao cheng li ji tou jiang, han jun huo de le ba wan zhan shi。

788、 cheng yu

【 yuan wen】

cheng yu shou juan cheng, bing jin qi bai ren。 cao wen yuan shao zai li yi? yi jiang nan du, yu yi bing san qian yi zhi, yu bu ken, yue:“ yuan shao yong shi wan zhong, zi yi suo xiang wu qian, jin jian yu bing shao, bi bu lai gong。 ruo yi yi bing, ze bi gong, gong ze bi ke。” shao guo yi yu bing shao, bu ken gong, cao wei jia xu yue:“ cheng yu zhi dan, guo yu ben、 yu。”

[ ping]

qi bai yu san qian, jun fei shi wan di ye; er yi bing zhi ming, zu yi zhao kou。 yu zhi jian sheng yu cao gong yuan yi!

【 yi wen】

cheng yu( san guo wei ren, zi zhong de) xu shou zhen cheng, shou xia zhi you qi bai shi bing。 cao cao ting shuo yuan shao you cong li yi? yi du he wang nan tui jin de ji hua, xiang zai zeng tiao san qian ren shou zhen cheng。 cheng yu shuo:“ yuan shao you shi wan bing li, zi ren bing duo jiang yong wu di shou, xian zai jian wo bing li, yi ding bu xie gong zhen cheng, ruo zeng jia bing li, yuan shao bi hui chu bing, zhi yao yuan shao gong zhen cheng, yi ding shou bu zhu。” hou lai, yuan shao guo zhen yin zhen cheng bing shao er zuo ba。

shi hou, cao cao dui jia xu shuo:“ cheng yu de dan shi, bi qi meng ben、 xia yu( jie gu dai yong shi0 you guo zhi er wu bu ji。

[ ping yi wen]

qi bai yu san qian qi shi dou bu shi shi wan da jun de dui shou, dan zeng bing de ju dong que zu yi zhao huo, you ci kan lai, cheng yu de si lv yao bi cao cao shen yuan duo le。

789、 lu xun

【 yuan wen】

jia he san nian, sun quan bei zheng, shi lu xun yu zhu ge jin gong xiang yi? yi。 xun qian qin ren han bian ji biao feng bao, hai yu di yu mian zhong, chao luo de bian。 jin wen zhi shen ju, shu yu xun yun:“ da jia yi xuan, zei de han bian, ju zhi wo kuo xia, qie shui gan, yi dang ji qu。” xun wei da, fang cui ren zhong feng dou, yu zhu jiang yi qi she xi ru chang, jin yue:“ bo yan duo zhi lve, qi dang you yi。” zi lai jian xun, xun yue:“ zei zhi da jia yi xuan, wu suo fu cu, de zhuan li yu wu, you yi shou yao hai zhi chu, bing jiang yi dong, qie dang zi ding yi an zhi, shi she bian shu, ran hou chu er。 jin bian shi tui, zei dang wei wu bu, reng lai xiang cu, bi bai zhi shi!” nai mi yu jin li ji, ling jin du zhou chuan。 xun xi shang bing ma, yi xiang xiang yi? yi cheng, di su dan xun, ju hai fu cheng, jin bian yin zhou chu, xun xu zheng bu wu, zhang tuo sheng shi, zou qu chuan。 di bu gan gan, quan jun er tui。

【 yi wen】

jia he wu nian, sun quan bei zheng, ming lu xun yu zhu ge jin gong xiang yi? yi。 lu xun pai qin xin han bian zhuan cheng chi biao zhang zou bao sun quan, zai hui ying tu zhong yu di bei fu。 xiao xi chuan lai, zhu ge jin hai pa han bian xie lu jun qing, yu shi zai xie gei lu xun de xin shang shuo:“ wu zhu yi ban shi, zei ren fu huo han bian, yi zhi wo jun xu shi, xian zai you feng tian han shui ku, qing shi dui wo jun bu li, ying su tui bing。” lu xun de xin hou, bing bu hui xin, yi mian cui ren zhong man jing cai, yi mian ru ping ri ban yu zhu jiang xia qi、 she jian。

zhu ge jin shuo:“ bo yan wei ren cong ming duo zhi mou, ta yi ding you ban fa jie jue kun jing, wo zhe jiu qu jian ta。” lu xun shuo:“ zei ren yi zhi wu wang ban shi, bu hui dan xin wu wang lai gong, xian zai zhi xu zhuan xin dui fu wo men。 jia shang ta men ju shou xian yao, wo jun shi bing jun xin yi jian dong yao, xian zai zhi you li chi zhen jing, cai neng wen ding jun xin, zai ji hua tu wei; ru guo xian zai zhou ran xia ling tui bing, zei ren jiu hui zhi dao wo men hai pa er jia jin jin gong, na me wo jun yi ding kui bai。” yu shi yu zhu ge jin mi shang da ji, zhu ge jin lv jun zou shui lu, lu xun lv jun zou lu lu, tong shi chao xiang yi? yi fang xiang tui jin。

di ren yi xiang zhen fu lu xun de wei ming, jian lu xun jun chao xiang yi? yi fang xiang lai, li ji yan shou xiang yi? yi, zhu ge jin lv chuan dui you shui lu chu fa, lu xun man man lv jun yi mian xu zhang sheng shi, yi mian xiang chuan dui kao jin, yi yi deng chuan, di ren bu gan jin yi bi yi, yu shi quan jun an ran er fan。

790、 gao ren hou

【 yuan wen】

gao ren hou gong dong chuan yang shi li。 ye er gu, zei yi dang yi zheng jun xiong deng chu jin bing yan ji cheng bei fu shi zhai。 yang mao yan bu neng yu, shuai zhong qi zhai zou; qi pang zhai jian fu zou, yi zou。 zei zhi bo zhong jun, ren hou ling da kai zhai men, she ju huo zhao zhi, zi shuai shi zu wei liang yi, fu dao zuo you。 zei jian men kai, bu gan ru, hai qu, ren hou fa fu ji zhi。 zei da bai。

ren hou nian zhu qi zhai zhe suo dang zhu sha shen zhong, nai mi zhao kong mu guan zhang shao, yu zhi yue:“ er su qian bu tan zi jiang shu shi ren, fen dao zhui zou zhe, zi yi er yi yu zhi yue:“ pu she xing bu chu zhai, jie bu zhi, ru cao su gui, lai dan, ya can ru chang, wu you ye。”[ bian pi: bu wei sheng shi, qie ji de。] shao su chang zhe, zhong xin zhi,[ bian pi: ze er shi zhi。] zhi si gu, jie hai zhai, wei yang mao yan zou zhi zhang ba, nai zhui ji zhi。 ren hou wen zhu zhai lou gu ru chu, xi yue:“ xi gui yi。” jie dan, zhu jiang ya ji, yi wei ren hou cheng bu zhi ye, zuo liang jiu, wei mao yan yue:“ zuo ye wen fu shi shen xian shi zu, zou zhi zhang ba, you zhu?” dui yue:“ wen zei gong zhong jun, zuo you yan pu she yi qu, sui ce ma can sui, ji er shen qi xu, nai fu hai er。” yue:“ ren hou yu fu shi ju shou ming tian zi, jiang bing tao zei, ruo ren hou xian zou, fu shi dang chi xia ma, xing jun fa, dai zong jun shi, ran hou zou wen,[ bian pi: jin ri liao yi? yi zhi yi, zhi xian zhe ruo shi ci yi kan, he zhi shen ming ju sang?] jin fu shi ji xian zou, you wei qi wang, li dang he ru?” mao yan gong shou yue:“ dang si。” ren hou yue:“ ran。” ming zuo you fu xia zhan zhi。 zhu jiang gu li, ren hou nai zhao zuo ye suo huo fu lu shu shi ren, shi fu zong gui。 qun xiong wen zhi ju, yue:“ bi jun fa yan zheng ru shi, you ke fan hu?” zi shi bing bu fu chu。 hou jun xiong zhan shi li, chu jiang。

[ ping yi]

sun wu lu yi chong yi ji yi xun zhen, rang ju zhan xing chen( qi jing xing chen zhuang jia) yi li fa。 fa xing ze jiang zun, jiang zun ze shi zhi si。 shi you bi si zhi qi, ze di you bi bai zhi xing yi。 ren hou yong fa gu shan, you miao zai qian zhang shao yi shi, bu jin sha zhi, wei sheng yu jin sha, geng qu er yong zhi, bu huan tao zu bu jin wei si shi ye!

sun wu zi qi ren, yi bing fa jian yu wu wang he lu, he lu yue:“ zi zhi shi san pian, wu jin guan zhi yi, ke yi xiao shi le bing hu?” dui yue:“ ke。” he lu yue:“ ke shi yi fu ren hu?” yue:“ ke。” yu shi chu gong zhong mei yi nv , de bai ba shi ren, sun zi fen wei er dui, yi wang zhi yi chong yi ji er ren ge wei dui chang, jie ling chi ji。 ling zhi yue:“ ru zhi er xin yu zuo you shou、 bei hu?” fu ren yue:“ zhi zhi。” sun zi yue:“ qian ze shi xin, zuo shi zuo shou, you shi you shou, hou ji shi bei。” fu ren yue:“ nuo。” yue shu ji bu, nai she fu yue, ji san ling wu shen zhi, yu shi gu zhi you, fu ren yi da xiao。 sun zi yue:“ yue shu bu ming, shen ling bu shu, jiang zhi zui ye。” fu san ling wu shen, er gu zhi zuo, fu ren fu da xiao。 sun zi yue:“ yue shu bu ming, shen ling bu shu, jiang zhi zui ye, ji yi ming, er bu ru fa zhe, li shi zhi zui ye。” nai yu zhan zuo you dui chang, wu wang cong tai shang guan, jian qie zhan ai ji, da hai, qu shi shi xia ling yue:“ gua ren zhi jiang jun neng yong bing yi, gua ren fei ci er ji, shi bu gan wei, yuan wu zhan ye。” sun zi yue:“ chen ji yi shou ming wei jiang, jiang zai jun, jun ming you suo bu shou。” sui zhan dui chang er ren yi xun, yong qi ci wei dui chang, yu shi fu gu zhi, fu ren zuo you qian hou gui qi jie zhong gui ju sheng mo, wu gan chu sheng。 yu shi sun zi shi shi bao wang yue:“ bing ji zheng qi, wang ke shi xia guan zhi, wei wang suo yu yong, sui fu shui huo you ke ye。” wu wang yue:“ jiang jun ba xiu jiu she, gua ren bu yuan xia guan。” sun zi yue:“ wang tu hao qi yan, bu neng yong qi shi。” yu shi he lu zhi sun zi neng yong bing, zu yi wei jiang, xi po qiang chu, ru ying, bei wei qi、 jin, xian ming zhu hou, sun zi yu you li yan。

qi jing gong shi, shi bai yu yan、 jin, yan ying jian si ma rang ju, gong yi wei jiang jun。 rang ju yue:“ chen su bei jian, ren wei quan qing,[ bian pi: shi hua。] yuan de jun zhi yi chong yi chen yi jian jun。”[ bian pi: shao bu de xia ci yi zhe。] gong shi zhuang jia wang。 ju yu jia yue, ri zhong hui yu jun men, ju xian chi zhi jun, li biao xia lou dai jia, xi shi jia shi zhi, ju yue:“ he hou qi?” jia yue:“ qin qi song zhi, gu liu。” ju yue:“ jiang shou ming zhi ri, ze wang qi jia; lin jun yue shu, ze wang qi qin; yuan?⒐ nao? bao?t wang qi shen。 he xiang song hu?” zhao? zheng?? yue:“? fa qi er hou zhi,? he?”?υ hu?ldquo;?? chu?rdquo;? shi? zheng? gu sunY? fou ang? fou quN chun an dan?? jingZ yi xun san?。 jiu zhi, gong qian shi zhe chi? she?,? ru? zhong, rang ju yue:“?⒃ jue?, jun ming you suo bu shou。”??? zheng yue:“? zhong bu?。 jin shi zhe?,? he?”?υ hu?ldquo;?? chu?rdquo; ju yue:“ jun zhi shi bu ke? chu?rdquo; nai? ze?W,? zhi zuo?,? zhi zuo?, yi xun san?。 nai? shi zu, ci she jing?? shi,?? ji??, shen zi? zi???と?④? zhi??? shi zu, er zui bi qi lei ruo zhe, san ri er hou le bing, yu shi bing zhe jie qiu xing,?? chu fu? se???x??。

【 yi wen】

gao ren hou gong da dong chuan yang shi li。 ye wan er geng shi fen, di jiang zheng jun xiong deng chu dong yi jing yi bing tu ji, cheng bei fu shi yang mao yan jian di shi tai sheng wu fa di yu, yu shi qi cheng tao yi, qi ta ying zhai jian fu shi tao zou, ye fen fen diu xia wu qi tao ming。 zei ren zhi gong zhong jun。 gao ren hou ming ren yi da kai zhai men, bing qie dian ran huo ju, qin zi ling jun mai fu liang ce, zei ren jian zhai men da kai, fan er bu gan ru zhai, zheng zhun bei li qu shi, gao ren hou li ji ming mai fu de shi bing wei gong, zei ren yi da bai。

zei tui hou, gao ren hou gu nian ru guo an lv chu zhi qi cheng tao zou de jun shi, shi bi zhu sha tai duo, yu shi mi zhao zhang zhao, dui ta shuo:“ ni gan kuai pai tan zi shu shi ren, fen tou zhui gan tao zou de shi bing。” jiu yong ni de hua shuo:“ yuan shuai na wan bu zai ying zhai, suo yi gen ben bu zhi dao ni men kui tao de shi, ni men gan jin hui ying, ming tian zhao chang shou wei, bu yao dan xin。” zhang zhao yi xiang shi kuan hou chang zhe, zhong ren dou xiang xin ta de hua, ren wei yuan shuai zhen de li ying wai chu, yu shi si geng shi fen, kui tao de shi bing dou yi hui ying, zhi you yang mao yan yi zhi zhui dao zhang ba zhe di fang cai lan xia ta。

gao ren hou ting dao ge ying zhai de geng gu sheng ru ping chang, hen gao xing de shuo:“ ta men dou hui lai le。”

di er tian, ge jiang ling qi ji jun shu, yi wei gao ren hou wan quan bu zhi zuo ye de shi。 xu jiu zhi hou, gao ren hou dui yang mao yan shuo:“ ting shuo zuo wan fu shi shen xian shi zu, tao dao zhang ba, ke you ci shi?” yang mao yan da:“ ting shuo zei ren gong da zhong jun, zuo you shuo yuan shuai li ying, yu shi mo jiang cai qi ma zhui gan bao hu yuan shuai。 bu jiu, fa jiao chuan wen cuo wu, jiu li ke hui ying。” gao ren hou shuo:“ ren hou yu fu shi dou shou huang ming lv bing tao zei, ruo ben shuai li ying, fu shi gai chi ze li ji ming ren hou xia ma, yi jun fa lun chu, ran hou dai xing ben shuai tong jun zhi zhi, bing jiang shi jian jing guo cheng bao chao ting。 xian zai fu shi tao zou zai xian, you shuo huang qi pian zai hou, gai dang he zui?” yang mao yan gong shou shuo:“ gai si。” gao ren hou shuo:“ hao。” ming zuo you tuo xia zhan shou, qi ta jiang ling bu you xin jing rou tiao, bu gan yan yu。

gao ren hou zhao lai qian ye suo fu huo de shu shi zei bing, ming ren song bang, fang ta men hui qu。 zei ren ting shuo gao ren hou zui zhan fu shi de shi hou shuo:“ gao shuai jun ji ru ci yan ming, zen neng sui yi gong da?” cong ci bu zai chu bing。 bu jiu, zheng jun xiong zhan yang shi li hou gui jiang。

[ shu ping yi wen]

sun wu sha wu wang yi chong yi ji shu li jun ji, rang ju( ji si ma rang ju, chun qiu qi ren, xing tian, zeng wei da si ma, gu cheng si ma rang ju) sha qi jing xing chen( zhi zhuang jia) que li fa ji。 zhi fa yi yan, jiang shuai cai neng shu li wei xin, shou ren zun jing; jiang zun, cai you ken xiao si ming de shi zu; shi zu you bao si yi zhan de jue xin, bu yong yi jiao yi zhan, di ren ye yi chu yu kui bai de kun jing le。 gao ren hou zhan fu shi ming jun ji, dan zui gao ming de di fang shi li yong zhang zhao chuan hua, bu jin sha tao bing, er wei xin geng sheng yu jin sha; ri hou zai ming tao bing ren shi, bu pa ta men bu jin li xiao si ming。

sun wu chu shen qi guo, jing tong bing fa, yin er wu wang he lu( he lv) te bie zhao jian ta shuo:“ xian sheng suo zhu de bing fa shi san pian, gua ren yi quan bu du guo yi bian le, xian sheng neng bu neng zhao bing fa zhong suo shuo de wei gua ren lian bing lai yan shi yi ci kan kan?” sun wu shuo:“ ke yi。” wu wang shuo:“ ke yi yong fu nv ma?” shuo:“ ke yi。” yu shi wu wang tiao xuan guan zhong mei yi nv yi bai ba shi ren。 sun wu shou xian ba gong nv fen cheng liang dui, fen bie ren ming wu wang de liang wei yi chong yi fei wei dui chang, ming mei wei gong nv shou chi mao??, shuo:“ ni men dou zhi dao xiong bu、 zuo shou、 you shou、 hou bei ba?” gong nv shuo:“ zhi dao。” sun wu shuo:“ na me dang wo han‘ qian’ shi, ni men jiu kan xiong bu, han‘ zuo’ shi ni men jiu kan zuo shou, han‘ you’ shi ni men jiu kan you shou, han‘ hou’ shi ni men jiu hui tou kan, dou ting dong le ma?” gong nv shuo:“ ting dong le。”

sun wu xiang gong nv jie shi wan le zhi hou, jiu na chu xing ju, sui hou zai san ling wu shen de gao jie, yu shi sun wu ji gu han‘ you’, gong nv men jing ha ha da xiao qi lai。 sun wu shuo:“ ni men bu ming bai wo de hao ling, zhe shi wo de cuo。” yu shi sun wu zai du jie shi hao ling yu dong zuo, ke shi dang ta di er ci ji gu han‘ zuo’ shi, gong nv men reng zhan zai yuan di ha ha da xiao。 sun wu shuo:“ gang cai ni men bu ming bai dong zuo、 hao ling, ke neng shi yin wo jie shi de bu gou ming bai, zhe ci ni men yi wan quan ming bai hao ling, reng bu an zhao hao ling qu zuo, zhe jiu shi dui chang de ze ren。” yu shi xia ling zhan zuo you dui chang。

wu wang zai yue bing tai shang guan kan, yi jian zi ji yi chong yi fei yao bei chu zhan, jiu li ji pai ren zu zhi sun wu shuo:“ gua ren yi jing zhi dao xian sheng shi wei lian bing de ren cai, qing xian sheng qian wan bu yao chu si gua ren de liang wei yi chong yi fei, gua ren mei you zhe liang wei yi chong yi fei, hui qin bu an mian, shi bu gan wei。”

sun wu shuo:“ chen ji shou jun ming wei jiang ling, jiang zai jun zhong ke yi bu jie shou jun zhu de ming ling。” shuo wan ming ren ba zuo you dui chang chu zhan, ling li liang ming gong nv wei dui chang。 jie zhe zai da gu fa hao ling, zhe shi zai ye mei you gong nv gan fa chu xiao sheng, zuo、 you、 qian、 hou、 qu xi、 wo dao dou he hu hao ling yao qiu, fei chang zheng qi。 yu shi sun wu dui wu wang shuo:“ bing yi lian hao, qing da wang xiao yue, zhi yao da wang yi sheng ling xia, ta men fu tang dao huo ye wu suo wei ju。” wu wang shuo:“ bu bi zai xiao yue le, xian sheng xin ku le, qing xian hui gong xiu xi ba。” sun wu shuo:“ kan lai da wang zhi shi xi huan chen bing fa de li lun, que bu ken cai yong zhe li lun suo biao xian de shi shi。” wu wang ting le, zhi dao sun wu que shi shi wei jie chu de jun shi jia, ren ming ta wei da jiang, hou lai wu guo xi po qiang chu, jin bing chu guo dou cheng ying、 bei fu qi、 jin, wei zhen zhu hou, quan de li yu sun wu de jun shi tian cai。

qi jing gong shi, jin yan liang guo da bai qi jun。 zai xiang yan ying xiang jing gong tui jian rang ju, jing gong ming ta wei da jiang。 rang ju shuo:“ wei

chen chu shen bei jian, zai yi chao zhi jian bai wei da jiang, shen kong jiang shi xin you bu fu, er wu shi quan zhi hui shi bing。 qing da wang ling pai yi chong yi chen dan ren jian jun, jie yi chong yi chen quan wei, ru ci chen cai neng zhi hui zi ru。 qi jing gong pai zhuang jia wei jian jun。 rang ju he zhuang jia yue ding:“ ming tian zhong wu zai jun ying hui mian。”

di er tian, rang ju xian qi ma lai dao jun ying, kan zhe ri gui he shui lou, deng zhuang jia lai, zhi dao bang wan cai jian zhuang jia qi ma gan lai, rang ju shuo:“ wei shen me zhe me wan cai lai?” zhuang jia shuo:“ qin you wei wo she jiu yan jian xing, suo yi chi dao le。” rang ju shuo:“ shen wei ling bing da jiang, jie dao jun ling jiu yao wang jia, dao da jun ying xia da jun ling jiu yao wang qin, ting dao jin gong de zhan gu jiu yao wang shen, zen neng can jia jian bie jiu yan ne?” yu shi zhao jun fa guan wen shuo:“ an jun fa gui ding, yin bu shou shi yi wu jun ji, gai dang he zui?” da shuo:“ dang zhan。” ci yu yi chu, zhuang jia cai xia de quan shen fa dou, li ke pai ren xiang jing gong qiu jiu。 shi zhe hai mei hui lai, rang ju yi jiang zhuang jia zhan shou。 bu jiu, qi jing gong pai shi zhe ling rang ju shi fang zhuang jia, rang ju shuo:“ jiang zai jun zhong, ke yi bu jie shou jun wang de ming ling。” shuo wan you zhao lai jun fa guan wen shuo:“ jun ying zhong you bu neng cheng zuo ma che de gui ding, xian zai da wang shi zhe cheng zuo ma che zai jun ying ben chi, an jun fa gai dang he zui?” jun fa guan shuo:“ chu zhan。” rang ju shuo:“ da wang de shi chen bu neng sha。” yu shi xia ling kan duan zuo fu( che fu suo chi zhi mu), ba che fu yi ji zuo bian de fu ma dou chu zhan, yi wei hu jun ji。 jie zhe xiao yue da jun zhun bei chu zheng。

fan you guan shi bing de zhu xiu he yin shi dou qin zi zhao liao, you qi dui shang bing geng shi te bie zhu yi yi liao, ba zi ji de jun liang、 xin xiang, quan bu na chu lai kao shang shi bing, er zi ji ping ri de huo shi, que bi zhao jun zhong zui shou ruo、 fan liang zui xiao de shi bing lai ji suan。 ru ci jing guo san tian, dang rang ju zai xiao yue jun dui shi, jiu lian shang bing ye dou zi dong qing qiu chu zhan, gan xin wei ta xiao ming sha chang, yu shi da bai jin jun。

79!”、 li guang bi

【 yuan wen】

shi si ming tun bing yu he qing, yu jue guang bi liang dao。 guang bi jun yu ye shui du yi bei zhi。 ji xi, hai he yi? yi, liu bing qian ren, shi jiang yong xi hao shou qi zha, yue:“ zei jiang gao ting hui、 li ri yue, jie wan ren di ye, zhi wu yu zhan, jiang ze ju lai。” zhu jiang mo yu qi yi, jie qie xiao zhi。 ji er si ming guo wei ri yue yue:“ li guang bi chang yu ping cheng, jin chu zai ye, ru yi tie qi xiao ji, wei wo qu zhi, bu de, ze wu fan。” ri yue jiang wu bai qi, chen zhi zha xia, wen yue:“ si kong zai hu?” xi hao yue:“ ye qu yi。” ri yue yue:“ shi guang bi er de xi hao, wu si bi yi!” sui qing jiang, xi hao yu zhi ju jian guang bi。 guang bi hou dai zhi, ren yi xin fu。 gao ting hui wen zhi, yi jiang。 huo wen guang bi:“ jiang er jiang he yi ye?” guang bi yue:“ si ming chang hen bu de ye zhan, wen wo zai wai, yi wei ke bi qu。 ri yue bu huo wo, shi bu gan gui; ting hui cai guo yu ri yue, wen ri yue bei yi chong yi ren, bi si duo zhi yi。”

[ ping]

《 chuan》 yun:“ zuo shi wei ke qi ai, sui xiao bi ji!” ran guo wei yi fu fen shi, shi si ming shi ye。

【 yi wen】

tang chao shi shi si ming zai he qing tun bing, xiang zu duan guan jun li guang bi de liang shi gong yi ying。 li guang bi de xi di qing, chen bing ye shui du, yi bei ying bian。

ye wan, li guang bi hui dao he yi? yi, zhi ming yong xi hao lv ling yi qian duo ming shi bing fang shou ye shui du, jiao dai ta men shuo:“ zei jiang gao ting hui、 li ri yue sui dou shi li di wan ren de yong jiang, yi ding jian shou ying zhai, bu yao tong ta men zuo zhan; dan ruo ta men lai tou jiang, ke yi yi qi lai jian wo。” zhong jiang guan bu li jie li guang bi de yi si, an zi qie xiao。

bu jiu, shi si ming guo zhen dui li ri yue shuo:“ li guang bi shan yu cheng shi fang shou zuo zhan, jin tian ta yi shi jiao ye, zheng shi sheng qin ta de da hao ji hui。 ni dai wu bai qi bing, ti wo ba ta zhua lai, zhua bu dao bu zhun hui lai jian wo。”

di er tian, li ri yue dai le wu bai qi bing lai dao ye shui du, da jiao shuo:“ si kong zai ma?”

yong xi hao shuo:“ yuan shuai zuo wan yi li ying hui cheng qu le。”

li ri yue an xiang:“ yong yong xi hao dai li guang bi, hui qu shi si ming yi ding hui sha le wo, wo hai shi tou jiang suan le。”

yu shi yu yong xi hao yi tong qu jian li guang bi, li guang bi dai ta ru xin fu, fei chang li yu ta。 gao ting hui ting shuo li ri yue shou dao li guang bi de zhong yong zhi hou, ye zhu dong tou jiang。

you ren wen li guang bi, yong shen me fang fa, zhe me rong yi jiu rang liang ming zei jiang tou jiang, li guang bi shuo:“ shi si ming chang mai yuan mei you yu wo ye zhan de ji hui, ting shuo wo yi shi jiao ye, xin xiang zhong yu deng dao ke yi sheng qin wo de ji hui, li ri yue zhua bu dao wo, jiu yi ding bu gan hui ying jian shi si ming, zhi you tou jiang; gao ting hui de cai lve sheng guo li ri yue, ting shuo li ri yue tou jiang hou reng shou dao zhong yong, yi ding xin you wei gan, xiang qu dai li ri yue, suo yi ye yi ding hui tou jiang。”

er shi er  zhi sheng you dao

【 yuan wen】

wei shi wu heng, fang sui bing she。 zao huo sheng han, jing huo sheng re。 dong yu jiu tian, ru yu jiu yuan。 feng yu zai shou, bai zhan wu qian。 ji“ zhi sheng”。

【 yi wen】

bing shi bian hua wu chang, you ru yi sheng wei bing ren kai chu fang shi, bi xu yi ju bu tong de bing qing, yi zao zhi han, yi jing ke re; bing jia lun zhan ye yi yang, bi xu gen ju xian chang ji ju bian hua de zhan kuang, ni ding zui you li de zhan lve。

792、 sun bin

【 yuan wen】

sun zi tong qi shi zhi qi, ke tian ji suo。 ji shu yu qi zhu gong zi zhu she, sun zi jian qi ma zu bu shen xiang yuan, ma you shang、 zhong、 xia, nai wei ji yue:“ jun di zhong she, chen neng ling jun sheng。” ji ran zhi, yu wang ji zhu gong zi zhu she qian jin。 ji lin zhi, sun zi yue:“ jin yi jun zhi xia si yu bi shang si, qu jun shang si yu bi zhong si, qu jun zhong si yu bi xia si。” ji chi san bei bi, er tian ji yi bu sheng er zai sheng, zu de wu qian jin。

[ shu ping]

tang tai zong chang yan:“ zi shao jing lve si fang, po zhi yong bing zhi yao, mei guan di zhen, ze zhi qi qiang ruo。 chang yi wu ruo dang qi qiang, qiang dang qi ruo。 bi cheng wu ruo, ben zhu bu guo shu bai bu; wu cheng qi ruo, bi chu qi zhen hou, fan er ji zhi, wu bu kui bai。”  gai yong sun zi zhi shu ye。

song gao zong wen wu? yi sheng di zhi shu。? yue:“ ruo zhe chu? se?? zhe? zhi。” gao zong yi yue:“ ci?O??? zhi fa。”

wei fa zhao, zhao ji qing jiu yu qi。 qi wei wang yu jiang sun bin, bin yi xing yu ci, nai jiang tian ji, er sun zi wei shi, ju zi che zhong, zuo wei ji mou。 tian ji yu yin bing jiu zhao, sun zi yue:“ fu jie fen zhe bu kong juan, jiu dou zhe bu bo? wu huang? han fei liang? wei qia ping?? shen yun? chuan?= yu hai⒄ yun huiィ? ba? da xun nai∮ yu guo? xian hai zhao yu zhong?? huang zi?? cang ji xia hai? yi zhuo jiao liang? yan yin? he lv shu# tu shun jue tuo yuan? yue qu? qiao yi huan pai tuo zai?В?? zhan zi xuan he bing?rdquo; ji cong zhi, wei guo qu han dan, yu qi zhan yu gui ling,[ bian pi: zhi yu ren。] da po liang jun。

【 yi wen】

sun bin( zhan guo qi ren, yu pang juan yi qi zai gui gu zi men xia xue bing fa) yu qi guo shi chen yi qi hui dao qi guo, cheng wei qi guo da jiang tian ji( zhan guo qi jiang, zeng da bai wei jun yu ma ling, sha wei jiang pang juan) men xia de bin ke。 tian ji sheng xing hao du, jing chang he qi guo gong zi men du sai yi ma 。

sun bin fa jiao shuang fang chu sai de ma pi fen shang、 zhong、 xia san ji, er tong ji de ma pi bi ci jian cha bie bu da。 yu shi dui tian ji shuo:“ jiang jun zai sai yi chang, wo you jue dui de ba wo neng shi jiang jun huo sheng。” tian ji yi ting zhe hua fei chang gao xing, yin ci bu jin yu zhu gong zi dui du, ye yao qing qi wang xia yi zhu, du jin gao da qian jin zhi duo。

zheng shi bi sai na tian, sun bin dui tian ji shuo:“ jiang jun yong xia deng de ma, gen dui fang zui hao de ma pei cheng yi zu bi sai, ran hou zai yong pao de zui kuai de ma he dui fang zhong deng ma bi sai, er jiang jun zhong deng ma gen dui fang xia deng ma bi sai, zhe yang yi lai, jiang jun jiu neng yi er bi yi huo sheng。”

guo ran, san chang bi sai zhong, tian ji shu le yi chang, sheng le liang chang, huo de jiang jin wu qian jin。

[ shu ping yi wen]

tang tai zong zeng shuo:“ wei le bao jia wei guo、 tuo zhang jiang tu, shi zhen po zhi yong bing zhi dao, mei ci cha kan di jun zhen shi, jiu zhi dao dui fang bing li de qiang ruo。 wo jing chang xian yi ruo bing yu qiang, zai yi qiang bing gong ruo, di ren chen wo bing ruo zhui ji, bu guo zhi neng xiang qian tui jin shu bai bu, er wo yi qiang bing gong di zhi ruo shi, wang wang chu xian zai di jun zhen shi zhi hou, tu xi di jun, suo yi di jun mei you bu kui san de。” zhe jiu shi yun yong sun bin de zhan lve。

song gao zong ye zeng xun wen da jiang wu? zhi sheng de zhan shu, wu? shuo:“ wo xian yi ruo bing you di, deng di jun pi bei qi shuai, zai yi qiang bing gong di。” zhe ye shi yun yong sun bin de zhan shu。

wei guo da ju gong zhao, zhao guo ji mang pai shi zhe xiang qi guo jin ji qiu yuan。 qi wang ben da suan pai sun bin wei zhu jiang, ke shi sun bin que yi“ xing yu zhi shen” wei you xie jue, yu shi qi wang gai pai tian ji wei zhu jiang, ren ming sun bin wei jun shi, rang ta zuo zai che zhong mou hua zhi hui。

tian ji ben xiang li ji lv bing jiu zhao, sun bin jian zu shuo:“ yong bing you ru jie luan ma, bu ke yi hu yi che ying la, yuan bing jiu zhao you ru quan jia, bu ke lu mang chi ji yu ren bo dou, zhi yao gong ji di ren yao hai, zi ran hui chu xian you li wo jun de xing shi。 xian zai wei、 zhao liang guo hu xiang gong fa, qiang bing jin zu bi ding qing guo er chu, liu zai guo nei de zhi shi yi xie lao ruo can bing, jiang jun bu ru fa dong da jun gong ji wei guo shou dou da liang。 dao qi kong xu, wei jun yi ding hui ting zhi gong da zhao guo, ban shi hui guo jiu yuan, zhe yang wo men ke yi yi ju jie chu zhao guo de wei kun, you ke zuo shou wei guo bing pi li jie de li yi。”

tian ji cai na sun bin de yi jian, bu jiu wei jun guo ran zi han zhan tui bing, zai cang huang zhong hui guo jiu yuan wei dou, he qi jun zai gui ling fa sheng ji zhan。 wei jun da bai。

793、 zhao she

【 yuan wen】

qin fa han, jun yu e yu。 zhao wang wen lian po:“ han ke jiu fou?” dui yue:“ dao yuan xian xia, nan jiu。” you wen le cheng, ru po yan。 ji wen zhao she, she dui yue:“ dao yuan xian xia, pi zhi liang shu dou yu xue zhong, jiang yong zhe sheng。” nai qian she jiang er wang, qu han dan san shi li, er ling jun zhong yue:“ you yi jun shi jian zhe, si。”[ bian pi: zhu yi yi ding, bu yu huo luan jun xin ye。] qin jun jun wu an xi, gu zao le bing, wu wa jie zhen。 jun zhong hou you yi ren yan ji jiu wu an, she li zhan zhi, jian bi liu er shi ba ri, bu xing, fu yi zeng lei。[ bian pi: jian qin ren zhi xin。] qin jian lai ru, she shan shi er qian zhi, jian yi bao qin jiang, qin jiang da xi yue:“ fu qu guo san shi li er jun bu xing, nai zeng lei, e yu fei zhao di ye!” she ji qian qin jian, nai juan jia er qu zhi, yi ri yi ye zhi。[ bian pi: chu qi bu yi。] ling shan she zhe qu e yu wu shi li er jun, jun lei cheng, qin ren wen zhi, xi jia er zhi。 jun shi xu li qing yi jun shi jian, she yue:“ nei zhi。” xu li yue:“ qin ren bu yi zhao shi zhi, ci qi lai qi sheng, jiang jun bi hou ji qi zhen yi dai zhi, bu ran bi bai。” she xu nuo, xu li qing jiu zhu, she yue:“ xu hou ling。” zhi yu zhan, li fu qing jian, yue:“ xian ju bei shan shang zhe sheng, hou zhi zhe bai。” she xu nuo, ji fa wan ren qu zhi, qin bing hou zhi, zheng shan bu de shang, she zong bing ji zhi, da po qin jun, sui jie e yu zhi wei。

[ ping]

sun zi yue:“ fan jian zhe, yin di jian er yong zhi。” you yue:“ wo de yi li, bi de yi li, wei zheng di。” e yu zhi jie shi ye。 xu li zhi shi, bu wen fu yi zhan gong xian, he zai? yu han guang wu jun yi ran。

【 yi wen】

qin guo wei gong da han guo, xian jin zhan zhao guo de e yu。 zhao wang shou xian zhao jian lian po, wen:“ gua ren xiang pai bing jiu yuan e yu, yi xian qing kan neng fou jiu de le?” lian po hui da:“ lu tu yao yuan zai jia shang dao lu jian xian shan ai, nan yi jiu yuan。” zhao wang you wen da chen le cheng, ta de yi jian ye he lian po xiang tong。 zui hou zhao wang zai wen zhao she( zhan guo zhao ren, yin po qin jun, ci hao ma fu jun), zhao she hui da shuo:“ e yu que shi li guo dou hen yuan, di shi ye que shi jian xian xia ai, pai yuan jun yu qin jun yi jiao yi zhan, jiu hao xiang shi liang zhi lao shu zai dong xue li da dou, bu guo da wang ru neng pai yi yuan yong jiang, reng jiu neng ji kui qin jun huo de sheng li。” yu shi zhao wang ming zhao she lv bing ying jiu e yu。

zhao she lv jun xing jin dao ju han dan san shi li de di fang shi, tu ran xia ling:“ fan gan yi jun shi jin jian zhe, bu lun guan jie gao di, yi lv chu si。” dang shi qin jun zhu zha zai wu an de xi fang, zhan gu xiang che yun xiao, shi bing han sha de sheng yin, ji hu ba wu an cheng nei de wu wa dou zhen luo xia lai。 you yi ming chi hou jian yi zhao she:“ qing jiang jun fa bing jiu wu an。” zhao she li ke jiang ta chu si。 xia ling quan jun jia qiang fang yu zhi shi, yi lian er shi ba tian an bing bu dong, zhi shi yi wei jia qiang zheng chi fang bei。

qin jun pai jian die hun ru zhao ying, zhao she zhao dai ta chi he hou, you song ta hui qu, jian die hui dao qin jun hou ju shi yi gao, qin jiang shi fen gao xing de shuo:“ zhao jun gang li kai guo jing san shi li, jiu wei ju bu gan qian jin, zhi shi zhu lei wa gou, kan lai zhao guo shi yao ba e yu gong shou song gei wo guo le。”

zhao she zai song zou qin jun jian die hou, que tu ran xia ling shi bing zheng zhuang ji su xiang e yu tui jin, jin yi tian yi ye , da jun jiu zai ju li e yu wu shi li chu zha ying, bu shu zhen shi。 qin jun jie dao qing bao, xia ling quan jun jin gong。 jun shi xu li qing qiu fa biao yi jian, zhao she da ying ta de qing qiu。 xu li shuo:“ qin ren jue dui liao xiang bu dao wo jun bing ma hui zai zhe me duan de shi jian nei dao da ci di, ta men ci ci de gong ji yi ding lai shi xiong meng, jiang jun yi ding yao yan zhen yi dai。 fou ze, zhe yi zhang bi bai。” zhao she shuo:“ ni zhe hua hen you dao li。” xu li qing chu yi si xing, yi ming wei ling jin jian zhi zui。” zhao she shuo:“ ting hou ming ling ji ke。”

dao kuai yao kai zhang qian, xu li you shuo:“ liang guo jun dui shui neng xian zhan ling bei shan tou, shui jiu sheng li, shui chi yi bu shui jiu shi bai。” zhao she ren wei xu li de jian jie hen gao ming, jiu pai yi wan shi bing zhan ling bei shan tou, qin jun ye xiang gong zhan, que chi le yi bu。 zhe shi zhao she xia ling quan mian gong ji, qin jun da bai, cheng gong de jie chu le e yu zhi wei。

[ ping yi wen]

sun zi shuo:“ fan jian de yi yi, shi zai shan yu li yong di ren pai qian de jian die。” you shuo:“ suo wei bing jia bi zheng zhi di, jiu shi wo jun zhan ju dui wo you li, di jun zhan ju dui di you li de di fang。” e yu da jie, jiu shi ti xian shang mian liang ju jun shi yuan ze de shi li。

xu li shi yi wei zhi mou zhi shi, hou lai zai mei you li gong de xiao xi, zhe shi shen me yuan gu ne? han dai de li zuo che( guang wu jun) de zao yu ye yi yang。

794、 li mu

【 yuan wen】

li mu, zhao bei bian liang jiang ye。 chang ju yan men bei xiong yi nu yi, yi bian yi zhi li, shi zu jie shu ru mu fu, wei shi zu fei。 ri ji niu xiang shi, yi xi yi qi she、 jin feng huo、 duo jian die、 hou yu zhan shi, wei yue yue:“ xiong yi nu yi ji ru dao, ji ru shou bao, you gan bu lu zhe, zhan。” ru ci shu sui, xiong yi nu yi yi mu wei qie, sui zhao bian bing yi yi wei wu jiang qie。 zhao wang rang li mu, mu ru gu; zhao wang nu, zhao zhi, shi ta ren dai jiang。 sui yu, xiong yi nu yi mei lai, chu zhan shu bu li, shi wang duo, bian bu de tian chu。 nai fu qing li mu。 mu gu cheng ji, zhao wang qiang qi zhi, mu yue:“ bi yong chen, chen ru qian, nai ke feng ling。” wang xu zhi, li mu ru gu yue。 xiong yi nu yi zhong sui wu suo de, ran zhong yi wei qie。 bian shi ri de shang ci er bu yong, jie yuan yi zhan。 yu shi nai ju xuan che, de qian san bai cheng, xuan qi de wan san qian pi, bai jin zhi shi wu wan ren, gou zhe shi wan ren, xi le yi xi yi zhan。 da zong chu mu, ren min man ye。 xiong yi nu yi xiao ru, yang bei, yi shu qian wei zhi, dan yu wen zhi, da lv zhong lai ru, mu duo wei qi zhen, zhang zuo you yi ji zhi, da po, sha xiong yi nu yi shi yu wan qi, dan yu ben zou, qi hou shi yu sui, bu gan jin bian。

[ ping]

hou qi yu, gu qi bao zhong; xu qi qi, gu qi fa meng。 gu ming jiang yong si shi zhi li, wang wang yi shi er bu zai、 yi yi shi er bu bi zai ye! jin zhi suo wei bing zhe, chu yi er jia ding wai, lv gai er jia,? dou?⒄ dao?N gao deng? dui bo?ひ bo? zhi qin liang zha?/p>

【 yi wen】

li mu( zhan guo zhao ren, yi gong feng wu an jun) shi zhao guo xu shou bei fang bian jing de da jiang。

ta zeng jing zhu shou yan men, fang yu xiong yi nu yi。 ta you quan yi xian shi de qing kuang she zhi guan li, zu shui dou jiao ru mu fu, zuo wei kao shang shi bing de fei yong。 mei tian zai sha niu zhi wei shi bing jia cai、 you jia qiang xun lian shi bing qi ma she jian de ji qiao, liu xin di ren dong xiang, chang pai jian die ci tan jun qing, bing yu shi bing yue fa:“ xiong yi nu yi ji jiang ru qin, yao jia jin bao hu sheng chu, dan bu ke yu xiong yi nu yi ren zheng mian chong tu, wei zhe zhan shou。” yin ci mei dang xiong yi nu yi ren qin rao bian jing, li mu de bing shi jiu qu gan sheng chu hui ying, bu ken zuo zhan。 ru ci guo le ji nian, xiong yi nu yi ren dou ren wei li mu dan zi xiao, bu gan yu xiong yi nu yi ren yi jiao yi zhan, shen zhi lian zhao guo ben shen zhen shou bian jing de shi bing ye zhe me kan。

zhao wang xia ling ze bei ta, li mu reng yi ru wang xi, zhao wang zhong yu sheng qi, pai qi ta de jiang ling qu dai ta。 jing guo yi nian duo, mei ci chu zhan dou shi li, sun shang zhong duo, bian jing duo shi, gen ben wu fa geng zhong、 fang mu, bu de yi zhao wang zhi you zai du ren ming li mu。 li mu cheng bing tui ci, zhao wang zai san de qing tuo, li mu shuo:“ ru guo da wang yi ding yao yong chen, bi xian qing da wang zhun xu chen ru xi ri yi yang de zuo fa, chen cai gan shou ming。” zhao wang da ying ta。

li mu lai dao bian jing, you ru yi wang ban he shi bing yue ding bu ke yu xiong yi nu yi chong tu, xiong yi nu yi sui ji nian jian dou yi wu suo huo, dan shi zhong ren wei li mu dan qie, bian jing de shi bing mei tian dou de dao li mu de shang ci, que mei you li gong bao da de ji hui, dou xi wang neng shang zhan chang zuo zhan。

li mu jian shi ji cheng shu, jiu tiao xuan jian gu de zhan che yi qian san bai liang, liang ma yi wan san qian pi, neng qin di sha jiang de yong shi wu wan ren, shen jian shou shi wan ren, yao qiu ta men jia qiang xun lian。 yi mian you ren yi fang mu sheng chu, yao bai xing si san yu jiao wai, dang qian lai qin rao de xiong yi nu yi ren shao shi, jiu zhuang tui bai rang shu qian ren bei qin, dan yu ting dao xiao xi, yi wei liang ji ke chen, sui lv ling da jun ru qin, li mu pai lie xu duo qi zhen, zhi hui zuo、 you er jun jia gong, da po xiong yi nu yi shi duo wan da jun, dan yu ben tao er qu, wang hou shi duo nian jian, bu gan zai qin fan zhao guo bian jing。

[ ping yi wen]

dui dai bu shu yu shi ren hou you ru zi jia ren, bu shu bao da zhi xin ye yu shi shen qie, neng ning ju shi bing fen yong zuo zhan de shi qi, cai neng yi fa er qi shi wei meng。 gu dai ming jiang wang wang zhi xu yi ci de zhan yi jiu neng ding sheng fu le, bu bi yi zhan zai zhan。 fan guan jin tian suo wei dai bing de jiang ling, chu le yong you yi liang ming qin xin bu shu wai, qi yu de shi bing dou shi dai ren bu dai xin, you ru wai jie zhi bing。 ai, bing duo you you shen me yong ne?

795、 zhou ya fu

【 yuan wen】

wu、 chu fan, jing di bai zhou ya fu tai wei ji zhi。 ji fa, zhi ba shang, zhao she zhe shuo zhi yue:“ wu wang huai ji si shi jiu yi, ci zhi jiang jun qie xing, bi zhi ren yu xiao、 mian? e zhi jian。 qie bing shi shang shen mi, jiang jun he bu cong ci you qu, zou lan tian, chu wu guan, di luo yi? yi, jian bu guo cha yi er ri, zhi ru wu ku, ji ming gu, zhu hou wen zhi, yi wei jiang jun cong tian er xia ye。” tai wei ru qi ji, zhi luo yi? yi, shi sou xiao, mian jian, guo de fu bing。

tai wei hui bing ying yi? yi, jian bi bu chu。 wu fang gong liang ji, liang qing jiu, tai wei shou bian yi, yu yi liang wei wu, bu ken wang。 liang wang shang shu zi yan, di shi shi zhao jiu liang, tai wei yi bu feng zhao, er shi qing qi bing jue wu、 chu hou, wu bing qiu zhan bu de, e er zou, tai wei chu yi jing yi bing ji po zhi。

[ shu ping]

wu wang zhi chu fa ye, qi da jiang tian lu bo yue:“ bing tun ju er xi, wu ta qi dao, nan yi li gong, chen yuan de wu wan ren, bie xun yi jiang yi 、 huai er shang, shou huai nan、 chang sha, ru wu guan, yu da wang hui, ci yi yi qi ye。”[ bian pi: wei yan zi wu gu zhi ji xiang si。] wu tai zi jian yue:“ wang yi fan wei ming, ruo jie ren bing, yi qie fan wang。”[ bian pi: he bu jian ta wu fan。] yu shi wu wang bu xu。 shao jiang huan jiang jun shuo wang yue:“ wu duo bu bing, li xian; han duo che qi, li ping di。 yuan da wang suo guo cheng bu xia, zhi qu ji xi, ju xian yi? yi wu ku, shi ao cang su, zu shan he zhi xian, yi ling zhu hou, sui wu ru guan, tian xia gu yi ding yi, da wang xu xing, liu xia cheng yi, han jun che qi zhi, chi ru liang、 chu zhi jiao, shi bai yi。” wu lao jiang jie yan:” ci shao nian cui feng ke er, an zhi da lv。” wu wang yu shi yi bu xu。 jia ling er ji de xing, ya fu wei ju de zhi ye。

ya fu zhi gong, she yu wu wang fen ban, er hou shi di gong ya fu, jing wu li tian、 huan er jiang jun zhi yan zhe, bei fu!

li mu、 zhou ya fu, jie bu wan quan bu zhan zhe, gu yi zhan er gong cheng; zhao kuo yi qing zhan er bai, fu cha yi lei zhan er bai。 jun zhi bu ke zhan er bu jin zhi, zi yu zhi bai shi ye; jiang zhi bu ke zhan er po shi zhi, yang wu di zhi bai shi ye。

【 yi wen】

han jing di shi, wu、 chu deng guo mou fan, jing di pai tai wei zhou ya fu( zhou bo de er zi, ping qi guo zhi luan hou, guan zhi cheng xiang, hou yin jing di ting xin chan yan, jue shi wu ri, tu xue er si) dai bing ping luan。

da jun lai dao ba shang, zhao she( zhou ya fu gong wu, chu, ren ming zhao she wei hu jun) an zhong you shuo zhou ya fu shuo:“ wu wang yi xiang yi huai rou de fang shi zhao fu gan si zhi shi, zhe ci ta zhi dao jiang jun lv bing er lai, yi ding hui zai?ァ? nuo ren lian? na jiang lan du qiong? ya ao⒆ kun jian? yang tan cai shan nai qian qiong ru hui guo???? cai chuang hui sha shuo yao? yi?ⅲ?? duan sha⑽ cen di jiao?u> yi? yi, qi jian bu guo xiang cha yi liang tian de lu cheng, jiang jun zhi jie lv jun ru jun xie ku。 zhu hou men ting dao jiang jun bu dui suo fa chu de jun gu sheng, hui yi wei jiang jun shi cong tian er jiang ne。”

zhou ya fu jie na zhao she de jian yi, deng dao le luo yi? yi hou, pai ren dao?ァ? nuo ren jiang lang muλ xun liang?? huai? dou jiao zhuan xi mu???/p>

tai wei zai ying yi? yi hui bing, zheng peng shang wu guo gong ji liang guo, qing shi wei ji。 liang guo hao ji ci pai shi zhe xiang zhou ya fu qiu jiu, zhou ya fu que jian shou ying lei bu chu bing。 liang guo you pai shi zhe xiang jing di qiu jiu, jing di ming zhou ya fu chu bing jiu yuan, zhou ya fu que bu jie shou zhao ming, zhi pai ren lv ling qing jian de qi bing, ba wu、 chu deng jun de hou lu jue duan le, zu duan wu、 chu yun liang de liang dao。 wu jun liang shi yi bei duan jue, shi zu ji e, hao ji ci xiang zhou ya fu tiao zhan, zhou ya fu dou bu chu bing ying zhan, wu chu de shi zu zhong you xu duo ren yin ji e er si, bu de yi wu wang zhi hao tui bing, zhe shi zhou ya fu cai chu dong yi jing yi bing zhui ji, da po wu、 chu jun。

[ shu ping yi wen]

wu wang zai gang kai shi fa bing shi, ta de da jiang jun tian lu bo jian yi:“ tun ju da jun yi qi xiang xi tui jin, ruo shi mei you qi miao de zhan lve, shi bu rong yi zhan sheng cheng gong de。 chen yuan yi lv ling wu wan shi zu, ling wai yan zhe yi jiang yi 、 huai shang you qian jin, shou fu huai nan、 chang sha, jin ru wu guan, zai he da wang jun dui hui he, zhe ye suan shi yi zhi qi bing ne。” wu tai zi quan zu shuo:“ fu wang chu bing yi you mou fan de zui ming, zai zhe qing xing xia bu neng qing yi de ba jun dui yi jiao yi you ta ren, yin wei bie ren ye you mou fan fu wang de ke neng, na shi zen me ban?” yu shi wu wang mei you da ying tian lu bo de yao qiu。

wu shao jiang wang jiang jun you shuo wu wang shuo:“ wu guo duo bu bing, bu bing shan chang zai xian di zuo zhan; han duo qi bing, qi bing shan chang zai ping di zuo zhan。 xi wang da wang bu yao gong zhan yan tu suo jing guo de cheng shi, zhi jie xiang xi gong zhan luo yi? yi de jun xie ku, duo qu ao cang de liang shi, ping shi shan he de xian zu hao ling zhu hou, ru ci ze sui hai mei you ru guan, dan yi neng wan quan zhang wo tian xia de xing shi le。 dan ru guo da wang yin gong zhan cheng shi er yan tu dou liu, han jun de qi bing yi dao, kuai ma jin ru liang、 chu de jiao ye, na da shi jiu bu miao le。”

wu wang zheng xun lao jiang men de yi jian, lao jiang men dou shuo:“ zhe zhi shi nian qing ren wei qiu biao xian er sui kou shuo shuo, zen zhi dao ru he kao lv da ju ne?” yu shi wu wang ye mei you cai na shao jiang de yi jian。

jia shi dang chu wu wang neng jie shou tian lu bo yi ji shao jiang suo ti de kan fa, huo xu zhou ya fu ye bu neng shun li de ping ding luan shi le。 zhou ya fu ping luan de shi gong, yan ge shuo qi lai, zhao she yu wu wang yao zhan yi ban de gong lao, dan hou shi jin zhi tui chong zhou ya fu, que yi lou tian lu bo、 wang jiang jun de jian yan, ling ren jiao de yi han, ke bei!

li mu yu zhou ya fu dou shi mei you shi zu zhi sheng de ba wo, bu qing yan chu zhan de ren, suo yi mei zhan dou neng cheng gong。 zhao kuo qing di er bai, zhan guo shi dai wu wang fu cha yin chang qi zheng zhan er wang。 jun wang ming ming zhi dao bu neng de sheng de zhan zheng, que yi ding yao da, zhe shi dang nian chu guo da jiang zi yu shi bai de qi yin; wei jiang zhe, ming zhi bu ke yi zhan, qiang xing chu zheng, yang wu di de shi bai, jiu shi yi ge huo sheng sheng、 xue lin lin de li zi。

796、 zhou fang

【 yuan wen】

zei shuai du zeng lv bai guan jun, wei zhen yi jiang yi 、 mian, yuan di ming zhou fang ji zhi。 fang you zhong ba qian, jin zhi mian yi? yi, zeng deng rui qi shen sheng。 fang yue:“ xian ru you duo ren zhi xin, jun zhi shan mou ye。” shi jiang jun li chang du zuo zhen, xu chao du you zhen, fang zi ling zhong jun, gao zhang qi zhi。 zeng guo wei fang, xian gong zuo you zhen。 zeng yong guan san jun, fang shen e zhi, zi yu zhen hou she zhi, yi an zhong xin, ling qi zhong yue:“ yi zhen bai, ming san gu, liang zhen bai, ming liu gu。” zhao yin bing shu zuo zhen, li zhan, bai er fu he, yin chi ma gao fang, fang nu chi, ling geng jin, yin hao ku fu zhan, zi dan zhi shen, liang zhen jie bai, fang wen gu yin, xuan yi jing yi rui ba bai ren, zi xing jiu yin zhi, chi bu de wang dong, wen gu xiang nai jin, zei wei zhi san shi bu, fang qin ming gu, jiang shi jie teng yue ben fu,[ bian pi: chu qi bu yi。] zeng sui da kui, sha qian yu ren。 fang ye zhui zhi, zhu jiang qing dai ming ri, fang yue:“ zeng xiao yong shan zhan, xiang zhi bai ye, bi lao wo yi, shi yi ke zhi, yi ji qi shuai, cheng zhi ke mie。” gu xing er jin, sui ding han、 mian。 zeng deng zou gu wu dang, fang chu bu yi, you ji po zhi, huo zeng。

[ ping]

xian wei zhi yi liang zhen, yi bi qi li, yi jiao qi qi。 zu ran cheng zhi, nai ke zou gong。 ran bing fei su you jie zhi, liang zhen xian bu wei jin li yi。

【 yi wen】

jin chao shi zei shuai du zeng( chu wei zhen nan can jun, yong jia zhi luan sha yi hu yi kang, jian bing yi hu yi kang bu zhong zuo luan, hou bei zhou fang ping ding) lv ci da bai guan bing, wei ming zhen jing yi jiang yi 、 mian deng di。 jin yuan di pai zhou fang( zi shi da, shi zhuang) chu bing qing jiao。

zhou fang you ba qian bu zhong, jin jun dao da mian yi? yi。 du zeng jun dui shi qi shi fen wang sheng, zhou fang shuo:“ shan mou zhe de di yi bu, shi xian yi bu gu wu qi bu dui bi sheng de yi zhi li he jue xin。”

zhou fang ming jiang jun li heng zhi hui zuo jun, xu chao zhi hui you jun, zhou fang zi ji qin zi lv ling zhong jun, gao ju qi zhi, du zeng guo ran wei ju zhou fang de sheng shi, xian gong da zuo, you liang jun, rui bu ke dang, zhou fang jian du zei qi shi yong meng, qin zi zai zhen hou she jian lai an ding guan jun de xin li, xia ling shuo:“ yi jun bai, ji gu san ci; liang jun bai, ji gu liu ci。”

zhao si ju yu zuo jun, fen li zuo zhan, zhen shi bei zei ren chong san le, you li ji hui he zai yi qi ji xu fen zhan。 zhao si qi ma chi gao zhou fang zhan kuang, zhou fang sheng qi di da sheng ming ling ta zai jin bing, zhao si ku jiao zhe ying zhan。 zhan shi cong zao dao wan wei zeng ting xie, zuo you liang jun dou zhan bai le。

zhou fang ting dao gu sheng, tiao xuan yi jing yi bing ba bai ren, qin zi dao jiu qing ta men he, yan ge yao qiu bu ke qing ju wang dong, zhi you zai ting dao gu sheng hou cai neng qian jin, zei ren jin yi bi yi dao san shi bu ju li wai shi, zhou fang qin zi ji gu, jiang shi dou fen yong sha di, yu shi du zeng da bai, si le yi qian duo zei bing。

zhou fang xia ling chen ye zhui ji, qi ta jiang ling que qing qiu deng dao tian liang zai zhui。 zhou fang shuo:“ du zeng yong gan shan zhan, gang cai ta men zhan bai, shi yin wo jun yi yi dai lao, suo yi cai neng zhan sheng。 xian zai geng shi ji bu ke shi, ying gai chen zhe ta men shi qi shuai wei de shi hou, yi ju xiao mie ta men。” yu shi ji gu qian jin, ping ding le han mian di qu。 du zeng wang wu dang, zhou fang chu qi bu yi you gong wu dang, qin huo du zeng。

[ ping yi wen]

zhou fang xian yi zuo、 you liang jun xiao hao du zeng de zhan li, shi du zeng yin sheng er jiao, zai chu qi bu yi de yi yi jing yi bing ying zhan, yu shi jian gong。 dan ruo bu shi jun shi men ping ri xun lian you su, zuo you liang jun zen neng fen zhan dao di, xiao hao di ren zhan li ne?

797、 lu xun  lu kang

【 yuan wen】

zhao lie lv zhong fa wu, zi wu xia zhi yi ling, lian ying qi bai yu li, er xian qian wu ban jiang shu qian ren, ping di li ying yi tiao zhan。 wu zhu jiang jie yu ji zhi, lu xun bu xu, yue:“ ci bi you jue。” jian bi liang jiu, zhao lie zhi ji bu xing, nai yin fu bing cong gu zhong chu, fan ba qian ren, xun wei zhu jiang yue:“ suo yi bu ting ji ban zhe, zheng wei ci ye。 jin er hou wu zhi suo yi po zhi yi!” nai chi yu mu ye, ren ge chi mao yi ba, mei jian yi ying, zhe gong yi ying, tong shi huo ju, shou wei bu neng xiang jiu, yu shi si shi yu ying, yi zhan ju po。

[ shu ping]

wei wen di wen zhao lie shu zha lian ying zhuang, wei qun chen yue:“ bei bu zhi bing, bi po yi。 qi you qi bai li lian ying, er ke yi ju di zhe hu? bao yi pi yuan xi xian zu yi ying jun zhe, bi wei di qin, ci bing ji ye!” hou qi ri, er sun quan jie shu zhi, yi zhao lie zhi lao yu xing jian, er shi bu ji cao pi, he ye? qi suo wei“ lao jiang zhi er mao ji zhi” hu?

zhao lie zhi fa wu, fu jian zhi kou jin, jie qing guo zhi bing ye。 ran zhao lie zhi mou jiao, gu yi jing yi dai zhi; fu jian zhi qi jiao, gu yi ji yi cuo zhi。 jiao mou qiong ze di kun, jiao qi cuo bai di shuai, suo yi sui zhong wu suo yong zhi ye。

an: fei shui zhi yi, fu rong gong xia shi, jian liu da jun yu xiang cheng, zi yin qing qi ba qian jiu zhi。 zhu xu si yu xie shi yue:“ ruo qin bing jin zhi, cheng nan yu wei di, jin cheng zhu jun wei ji, yi su ji zhi, ruo bai qi qian feng, ze bi yi duo qi, ke sui po ye。” shi cong zhi。

xi ling du bu chan yi cheng jiang jin。 kang wen, ri ye du bing fu xi ling, bie zhu yan wei, shi nei ke wei chan, wai ke yu kou, er bu gong cheng。 zhu jiang xian jian yue:“ ji bing zhi rui, yi ji gong chan。 bi jin jiu zhi, chan bi ba yi。 he shi yu gu, er yi bi shi min zhi li?” kang yue:“ ci cheng shen gu, er liang you zu, qi shan xiu bei yu ju jie kang suo qin gui, gong zhi ji wei neng ke, er jiu qie zhi。 jiu zhi er wu bei, biao li shou di, he yi yu zhi?” zhu jiang you bu wei ran。 kang yu fu zhong, nai ting ling yi gong, guo bu li, yu shi wei bei shi li。 wei ji, jin yang zhao shuai bing lai jiu, shi wo jun dou du yu zan hu wang yi zhao。 kang yue:“ zan, jun zhong jiu li ye, zhi wu xu shi, wu chang lv yi bing su bu jian lian, ruo di lai gong, bi xian ci chu。” shi ye yi yi bing, er xi yi jiu jiang tong zhi。 ming ri, zhao guo gong gu yi bing chu, kang ji zhi, shi shi yu xia。 zhao ye dun, kang bu zhui, er dan ling ming gu fa han, ruo jiang gong zhe。 zhao da kui, yin qu。 sui fu xi ling, zhu chan。

[ ping]

lu xun、 lu kang, shi fu shi zi!

【 yi wen】

san guo shi dai han zhu liu bei lv jun fa wu, zi wu xia dao yi ling ying di chang da qi bai duo li。 ling you pai qian wu ban lv ji qian ren zai ping di zha ying, si chu tiao xin。 wu guo jiang shuai kan dao zhe zhong qing xing, dou zhu zhang xia ling gong ji, lu xun shuo:“ zhe qi zhong bi ding you zha, zan shi an bing bu dong, xian guan cha yi zhen zai shuo。”

liu bei kan jian you di bu cheng, zhi hao rang mai fu zai gu di de ba qian fu bing chu gu gong ji, lu xun shuo:“ zhe jiu shi bu rang ge wei mao ran gong ji wu ban de yuan yin。 xian zai wo yi jing zhi dao di ren de zhan shu le, yi ding neng po di。” yu shi xia ling quan jun yu ru ye zhi hou, mei ren ge chi yi ba mao cao, mei jian ge yi ge di ying, fa dong gong ji, tong shi ju huo, zao cheng sheng shi, rang di jun ge ying zhai jian xian ru jing huang, bu neng xiang hu jiu yuan, yu shi yi ju gong po si shi duo zhai。

[ shu ping yi wen]

dang chu wei wen di cao pi ting shuo han jun she li ying zhai da qi bai duo li, dui qun chen shuo:“ liu bei bu dong bing fa, yi ding hui bei da bai! na li you jiang shuai hui she li qi bai li de ying di lai di yu di jun de ne? bao yi pi yuan ping di, wu xian ke shou, she li ying di yi ding hui di suo po, zhe shi bing jia da ji ya!”

zhe hua shuo wan hou de qi tian, guo ran jie dao wu jun da bai han jun de jie bao。 yi liu bei shen jing bai zhan yu jun shi, jing bu ru cao pi you yuan shi。 zhe shi shen me yuan yin, nan dao zhen shi suo wei nian ji da le, hun kui hu tu le ma?

liu bei fa wu, fu jian gong jin, dou shi qing jin quan guo de bing li。 ran er, liu bei yong ji jiao zha, suo yi ying gai yi jing guan qing shi de bian hua dai zhi; fu jian xin fu qi jiao, suo yi yao ji gong yi cuo qi ao qi。 jiao ji wu fa shi zhan, zi ran zi xian kun jing, jiao qi dun cuo zi ran shi qi di luo, suo yi ji shi bing li zhong duo, you you shen me yong ne?

an: fei shui zhi yi, fu rong chu bing gong ji shan shi, fu jian liu da jun yu xiang cheng, zi ji lv ling qing qi ba qian sui zhi。 zhu xu nai si xia xiang xie shi shuo:“ ruo qin bing jin zhi, cheng nan yu wei di, jin zhu jun wei ji, yi su ji zhi, ruo bai qi qian feng, ze bi yi duo qi, ke sui po。” xie shi jie shou zhu xu de jian yi。

wu guo lu kang( zi you jie, lu xun de er zi) ting shuo xi ling du bu chan pan wu jiang jin, ji mang ming ling bu dui ri ye kai fu xi ling, bing ling xing jian zhu jian gu de cheng qiang, ba bu chan wei kun zai nei, you ke di yu jin jun de gong ji, que bu xia ling gong da bu chan。 jiang ling men quan jian shuo:“ ying gai chen zhe bing yi jing yi qi rui gong da bu chan, ruo shi jin guo yuan jun yi dao, bu chan bi ran huo jiu, he bi xin ku di jian zhu cheng qiang, lai hao sun ben shen de qi li ne。”

lu kang shuo:“ zhe zuo cheng fei chang jian gu, cheng nei liang shi you chong zu, fan shi shou wei fang yu de yi qie cuo shi he wu qi, dou shi wo qin zi gui hua de。 xian zai cang cu jin gong, yi ding nan yi ke di, deng jin jun yi dao, wo men you wu fa fang bei, nei wai shou di, zen me yue shu quan jun ne。”

jiang ling men ting le lu kang de hua, que reng bu yi wei ran, lu kang ye xiang rang zhong ren xin fu, jiu ren you jun shi chu ji bu chan, guo ran shi li, yu shi quan jun cai jin li zhu cheng fang shou。

bu duo jiu, jin guo yang zhao lv bing yuan zhu bu chan, zheng qiao wu jun dou du yu zan ye tou xiao yang zhao, lu kang shuo:“ yu zan shi jun zhong de lao jun guan, zhi dao wo jun de xu shi, wo chang dan you wo men jie ji de yi ren bu dui xun lian bu yi jing yi liang, ru guo di ren lai gong, yi ding xian da ci di。”

dang ye, lu kang jiu ba bu dui zhong de yi ren bu dui quan bu tiao li, dai yi yi jing yi liang de bu dui fang shou, di er tian, yang zhao guo ran gong da yi qian yi ren fang shou de di fang, lu kang li ke xia ling fan ji, jian shi ru tong yu xia, yang zhao chen ye tao zou, lu kang zhi qiao ji zhan gu, zuo chu zhui ji de zi tai, bing mei you zhen de zhui gan。 yang zhao jun dui da bai kui tao, lu kang yu shi guang fu xi ling, sha le bu chan。

[ ping yi wen]

lu xun、 lu kang, yi ge shi fu qin, yi ge shi er zi, zhen shi you qi fu bi you qi zi a!

798、 yi deng yi ai

【 yuan wen】

yi deng yi ai yu guo huai he bing yi ju jiang wei, wei tui, huai yin xi ji qiang。 ai yue:“ zei qu wei yuan, huo neng fu hai, yi fen zhu jun yi bei bu yu。” yu shi liu ai tun bai shui bei。 san ri, wei qian liao hua zi shui nan xiang ai jie ying。 ai wei zhu jiang yue:“ wei jin zu hai, wu jun shao, fa dang lai du, er bu zuo qiao,[ bian pi: qi feng dui shou。] ci wei shi hua chi wu, jin wu bu de dong; wei bi zi dong xi qu tao cheng yi。” tao cheng zai shui bei, qu ai tun liu shi li。 ai ji ye qian jun, jing dao tao cheng, wei guo lai du, er ai xian zhi ju cheng, de yi bu po。

【 yi wen】

san guo shi, wei jiang yi deng yi ai( zi shi zai, zeng fu zuo si ma yi kang ju shu guo) yu guo huai( zi bo ji, zu shi zhen) he li fang yu jiang wei( san guo shu han ren, zi bo yue)。 dang jiang wei che bing zhi hou, guo huai zhun bei jin bing gong da xi qiang。 yi deng yi ai shuo:“ di ren sui ran che tui, dan shi bing mei you zou yuan, huo xu hai hui hui tou lai gong, suo yi ying gai fen jun shou wei, yi fang yi wai。” yu shi yi deng yi ai liu xia zhu shou bai shui zhi bei。

guo le san tian, bu chu suo liao, jiang wei pai liao hua zai bai shui nan bian zha ying, dui yi deng yi ai jiao zhen。 yi deng yi ai dui zhu jiang shuo:“ jiang wei guo ran juan tu zhong lai, wo jun bing li bo ruo, ta men li dang du he lai gong, er bi ding bu hui zao qiao zhi jie du he。 yi liao hua de bu dui qian zhi, shi wo bu de dong dan, er you jiang wei yin jun xiang dong xi qu tao cheng。” tao cheng zai bai shui bei bian, ju yi deng yi ai fang di liu shi li。

yu shi, yi deng yi ai gan jin chen ye xing jun, qiao qiao kai wang tao cheng, jiang wei guo ran du he er lai, dan shi yi deng yi ai yi jing xian zhan ling tao cheng, suo yi de yi bao quan tao cheng。

799、 tang tai zong

【 yuan wen】

tang bing wei luo yi? yi, xia zhu dou jian de xi zhong lai yuan, zhu jiang qing bi qi feng。 guo xiao ke yue:“ shi chong qiong cu, chui jiang mian fu, jian de yuan lai zhu zhi, ci tian yi yu liang wang zhi ye。 yi ju wu lao zhi xian yi ju zhi, si jian er dong, po zhi bi yi。” ji shi xue shou yue:“ shi chong fu ku chong shi, suo jiang jie yi jiang yi huai yi jing yi rui, dan fa liang shi, gu wei wo chi; jian de zi jiang yuan lai, yi dang cuo qi yi jing yi rui,[ bian pi: yi shi zhu xu po fu qin zhi ce。] ruo zong zhi zhi ci, liang kou he cong, zhuan he bei zhi su yi kui luo yi? yi, ze zhan zheng fang shi, hun yi wu qi。 jin yi fen bing shou luo yi? yi, shen gou gao lei, wu yu zhan; da wang qin shuai xiao rui, xian ju cheng gao, yi yi dai lao, jue ke ke ye。 jian de ji po, shi chong zi xia, bu guo er xun, liang zhu jiu fu yi。” shi min cong zhi。 you shi xia zhu po yu wu lao, bu de xing。

[ an]

shi shi, ling jing yan yu jian de yue:“ da wang yi xi bing ji he, gong qu huai zhou、 he yi? yi, shi zhong jiang shou zhi, sui jian qi gu, yu tai xing, ru shang yi dang yi , xun fen jin, qu bo jin, dao wu ren zhi jing, tuo di shou bing, ze guan zhong zhen ju, er zheng wei zi jie yi。” qi cao shi yi yue:“ ji jiu zhi yan shi ye。” fu ci te sun zi jiu ce, fu ren you zhi zhi, er jian de bu neng yong, yi zhi bai si。 he zai?

die gao:“ xia zhu si tang mu ma yu he bei, jiang xi wu lao。” shi min nai bei ji he, nan lin guang wu er hai, gu liu ma qian yu pi, mu yu he zhu yi yi zhi。 jian de guo xi zhong chu niu kou, zhi zhen gen er shi li, gu xing er jin。 zhu jiang jie ju, shi min sheng gao wang zhi, wei zhu jiang yue:“ zei qi shan dong, wei chang jian da di, jin du xian er xiao, shi wu ji lv, yi bi yi cheng er zhen, you qing wo xin, wo an bing bu chu, bi yong qi zi shuai, zhen jiu zu ji, shi jiang zi tui, zhui er ji zhi, wu bu ke yi。” jian de lie zhen, zi chen zhi wu, shi zu ji juan, jie zuo lie, you zheng yin shui。 shi min ming yu wen shi ji jiang san bai qi, jing jian de zhen xi, chi er nan shang, jian de zhen dong, shi min yue:“ ke ji yi。” shuai qing qi xian jin, da jun ji zhi, zhi bo qi zhen。 fang zhan, shi min you lv shi da nai deng juan pei er ru, chu yu zhen hou, zhang tang qi zhi。 xia bing jian zhi, jing kui。

qin wang shi min zhi gao?~, xue ren gao shi zong luo ri hou jiang bing ju zhi, shi min jian bi bu chu, zhu jiang qing zhan, shi min yue:“ wo jun xin bai, shi qi ju sang, zei shi sheng er jiao, you qing wo xin, yi bi lei yi dai zhi, bi jiao wo fen, ke yi zhan er ke ye。” nai ling jun zhong yue:“ gan yan zhan zhe, zhan。” xiang chi liu shi yu ri, ren gao liang jin, suo bu duo jiang, shi min nai ming liang?? ying yu qian shui yuan yi you zhi。 luo ri hou da xi, jin rui gong zhi。 shu ri, shi min du qi yi pi, wei zhu jiang yue:“ ke yi zhan yi。” shi pang yu zhen yu yuan nan, luo ri hou bing bing ji zhi, yu ji bu neng zhi, shi min nai yin da jun zi yuan bei chu qi bu yi, zi shuai xiao qi xian zhen, luo ri hou jun kui, shi min shuai qi zhui zhi, dou gui kou ma ku jian, shi min yue:“ po zhu zhi shi, bu ke shi ye。” sui jin wei zhi, ren gao jiang shi duo pan, ji qiong chu jiang, de qi yi jing yi bing wan ren。 zhu jiang jie he, yin wen yue:“ da wang yi zhan er sheng, ju she bu bing, you wu gong ju, zhi zao cheng xia, zhong jie yi wei bu ke, er zu qu zhi, he ye?” shi min yue:“ luo ri hou suo jiang, jie long wai xiao jiang han zu, wu te chu qi bu yi po zhi, zhan huo bu duo; ruo huan zhi, ze jie ru cheng, ren gao fu er yong zhi, wei yi ke ye。 ji zhi ze san gui long wai, zhe ri hou xu ruo, ren gao po dan, bu xia wei mou, ci wu suo yi ke ye。” zhong jie yue fu。

【 yi wen】

tang chao da jun bao yi pi wei luo yi? yi, dou jian de( sui ren, da ye mo nian bei ren wu xian tong zei, yu shi zhan ju rao yi? yi zi cheng chang le wang, yu wen hua ji sha sui yang di, dou jian de chu bing zheng tao, yue wang dong feng wei xia wang) fa bing yuan jiu luo yi? yi。 li shi min zhao ji zhu jiang shang yi, zhu jiang qing qiu xian bi kai dou jian de jun dui de rui feng。

guo xiao ke que shuo:“ wang shi chong chu jing kun dun, hen kuai jiu yao bei po tou jiang, dou jian de lao yuan gan lai jiu yuan, zhe shi tian yi yao mie wang ta men, wu lao di shi xian yao, suo yi wo ren wei wo jun ying gai jian shou wai, zai deng ji hui chu bing, yi ding neng da bai ta men。”

ji shi( guan ming, zhang shu ji zhi guan) xue shou( zi bo bao) shuo:“ wang shi chong ju shou dong dou, fu ku chong shi, lv ling de jun dui, dou shi yi jiang yi 、 zhun de yi jing yi rui, mu qian zhi yin liang shi bu gei bu ji, cai zan shi shou kun yu wo jun; dou jian de qin lv da jun, yuan lai jiu yuan, wo jun ying cai su gong, cuo qi rui qi。 ruo shi rang dou jian de shun li dao da ci di, liang jun lian he, zhuan yun he bei de liang shi, bu gei luo yi? yi, na me zhan zheng jie shu de ri qi, jiu shui ye bu zhi dao le。 xian zai yi xia guan kan, bu ru yi mian zai luo yi? yi wa shen gou, zhu gao lei, bu yu wang shi chong yi jiao yi zhan; yi mian da wang qin lv yi jing yi bing, zhan ju cheng gao, yi yi dai lao, deng dou jian de da jun dao。 zhi yao dou jian de bing bai, wang shi chong ye zi ran bu gong er po, wo gu ji bu chu er shi tian, jiu neng qin huo liang zei。” li shi min ting cong zhe jian yi, yu shi dou jian de da jun bei wei kun zai wu lao, bu de dong dan。

[ an yu yi wen]

dang chu, ling jing( tang lu jing ling yi ming zi) zeng dui dou jian de shuo:“ da wang ying lv jun du he, gong qu huai zhou、 he yi? yi, pai da jiang fang shou, ming zhan gu, shu jing qi, fan yue tai xing shan, jin ru shang yi dang yi , you fen、 jin jin yi bi yi pu jin, ru ci you san li: yi ze ru ta wu ren zhi di, qu sheng ke yi wan quan, er ce kai tuo tu di, shou qu shi zhong, xing shi geng qiang, san ze guan zhong zhen jing, wei cheng zi ran bu gong er jie。” dou jian de de qi zi cao shi ye shuo:“ ji jiu( ling jing wei dou jian de guo zi ji jiu) de hua bu ke bu ting。” dan dou jian de hai shi bu yu jie na。

ai, zhe qi shi shi《 sun wu bing fa》 zhong de jiu ji, lian fu ren dou ming bai, er dou jian de que bu neng cai na, yi zhi bai wang。 neng guai shui ne!

jian die bao gao shuo:“ dou jian de tan zhi tang jun mu cao yi jin, zai he bei mu ma, da suan tou xi wu lao。” li shi min yi de zhi zhe ge qing bao, jiu you bei du he, dao guang wu zhen cha di jun xing shi hou, gu yi liu xia qian yu pi mu ma you di, er zai ye wan fan hui wu lao。

dou jian de guo ran quan jun er lai, you niu kou bu zhen mian yan er shi li, ji gu jin jun, li shi min de jiang ling bu jin xin sheng kong ju。 li shi min deng gao tiao wang, dui zhu jiang shuo:“ zei ren qi yu shan dong, bu zeng yu guo qiang di; jin tian jun xing xian di er jun shi xuan hua, shi wu ji lv de biao xian。 lin jin dou cheng bu zhen, shi you qing di zhi xin。 wo jun an bing bu dong, ta men qi shi zi ran shuai jie。 chang shi jian de lie zhen dai di, shi bing men yi ding kou gan fu ji。 zui hou zi ran tui bing, na shi wo jun zai zhui ji, yi ding neng sheng!”

dou jian de de shi bing pai lie zhen shi, zi zao chen qi shi zhi dao zhong wu shi er shi, shi bing ji e pi juan, dou fen fen zuo zai di shang, you zheng xiang yin shui, dui wu ling luo bu zheng。 ci shi, li shi min ming yu wen shi ji lv san bai qi bing jing guo dou jian de dui wu de xi mian, shi tan yi xia, li ji ji chi nan shang。 dou jian de de bu dui yin ci bei qian dong, luan le zhen jiao。

li shi min shuo:“ ke yi gong ji le!” yu shi lv ling qing qi xian xing fa dong gong shi, da jun ji jin, zhi yi bi yi di zhen, shuang fang yi jiao yi zhan shi, li shi min you lv shi da nai deng ren juan zhe da qi chong jin di zhen de hou fang, yang qi tang jun de qi zhi。 dou jian de de shi bing jian le tang qi, da wei chi jing, kui san er tao。

you yi ci, qin wang li shi min ling jun lai dao gao gao。 xue ren gao( xue ju er zi, shan qi she, wai hao wan ren di) pai zong luo ri hou ling bing kang yu, li shi min jian shou bu chu zhan。

zhu jiang dou qing li shi min xia ling gong ji, li shi min shuo:“ wo jun gang bai, shi qi ju sang, zei ren shi sheng jiao ao, you qing di xin li, zhe shi ying gai jian shou bu zhan, deng dai ji hui。 yi dan ta men jiao ao qing di, wo jun fen li bei zhan, jiu ke ke di zhi sheng。”

yu shi xia ling:“ zai you ren gan shuo chu zhan, li ke zhan shou!”

liang jun xiang chi liu shi duo tian, xue ren gao liang shi yong jin, shou xia bu jiang ye dou lv bing lai jiang, li shi min yu shi ming liang shi lv ling suo bu, zai qian shui yuan zha ying yin you di bing, zong luo ri hou kan le hen gao xing, yi wei you ji ke cheng, pai chu suo you de yi jing yi bing jin gong, ji tian hou, li shi min yu ji di bing yi jing pi bei, dui zhu jiang shuo:“ ke yi chu zhan le。”

yu shi pai jiang jun pang yu zai qian shui yuan nan bian bu zhen, zong luo ri hou jie he bing li gong ta, pang yu ying zhan, ji hu di dang bu zhu di jun de gong shi, li shi min qin zi lv ling da jun, chu qi bu yi di zi qian shui yuan bei bian tu xi, zong luo ri hou de shi bing da bai, li shi min lv qi bing cheng sheng zhui sha。

dou gui( zi shi ze) lan ma quan zu, li shi min shuo:“ xian zai qing shi you ru po zhu, ji bu ke shi。” yu shi jin bing wei zhi。 xue ren gao de jiang ling duo ban pan xue jiang li, xue ren gao yi wu ji ke shi, li shi min lu huo xue ren gao yi jing yi bing yi wan duo ren。 zhu jiang men fen fen xiang li shi min dao he, chen ji wen shuo:“ da wang yi zhan er sheng, bu yong bu bing, you mei you gong cheng zhuang bei, qing qi zhi yi bi yi cheng xia, da jia dou ren wei yi ding hui shi bai, jing ran duo cheng cheng gong, zhe shi shen me yuan yin ne?”

li shi min shuo:“ zong luo ri hou suo lv ling de shi bing duo shi long xi ren, jiang ling xiao yong bing zu xiong han, wo xian qian chu qi bu yi de da bai ta, zhan sha fu huo de bing shi bing bu duo, ci shi ruo shi wo fang man gong shi, na me di bing dou hui tao ru cheng zhong, zhi yao xue ren gao jia yi an fu zhong yong, ri hou jiu nan yi dui fu, li ji jin nie qi hou, cheng sheng zhui sha, shi zu jiu hui kui tao hui long xi, gao cheng de fang bei geng xing xu ruo, xue ren gao xin xu hai pa, jiu geng wu fa leng jing si kao ying di zhi ji, zhe jiu shi wo zhan sheng de yuan yin。”

800、 li jing

【 yuan wen】

xiao xi ju yi jiang yi ling, zhao li jing tong he jian wang xiao gong an ji, yue bing kui zhou。 shi qiu liao, tao lai zhang e。 xi yi jing wei neng xia, bu she bei。 zhu jiang yi qing yi jiang yi ping nai jin, jing yue:“ bing shi yi su wei shen。 jin shi shi ji, xi bu ji zhi, ruo cheng shui fu lei, shi zhen lei bu ji sai er, cang zu zhao bing, wu yi yu wo, ci bi qin ye。” xiao gong cong zhi, shuai zhan jian er qian yu sou dong xia, ba qi jing men、 yi dou er zhen, jin zhi yi ling。

xiao xi zhi ba bing ying nong ye, cai liu xiu wei shu qian ren。 wen tang bing zhi, da ju, cang zu zheng bing, jie zai yi jiang yi ling zhi wai, dao tu zu yuan, bu neng ju ji。 nai xi jian bing chu ju zhan, xiao gong jiang ji zhi, li jing zhi zhi yue:“ bi jiu bai zhi shi, ce fei su li, shi bu neng jiu, bu ruo qie zhu nan an, huan zhi yi ri, bi bi fen qi bing, huo liu ju wo, huo gui zi shou, bing fen shi ruo, wo cheng qi xie er ji zhi, mie bu sheng yi! jin ruo ji zhi, bi ze bing li si zhan, chu bing piao rui, wei yi dang ye。” xiao gong bu cong, liu jing shou ying, zi shuai rui shi chu zhan, guo bai zou, qu nan an。 xi zhong wei zhou, shou lve jun zi, ren jie fu zhong。 jing jian qi zhong luan, zong bing fen ji, da po zhi。 cheng sheng zhi di yi jiang yi ling, ru qi wai guo, da huo zhou jian。 li jing shi xiao gong jin san zhi yi jiang yi zhong, zhu jiang jie yue:“ po di suo huo, dang jie qi yong, nai he qi yi zi di?” jing yue:“ xiao xi zhi di, nan chu ling biao, dong ju dong ting, wu xuan jun shen ru, ruo gong cheng wei ba, yuan bing si ji, wu biao li shou di, jin tui bu huo, sui you zhou ji, jiang an yong zhi? jin qi zhou jian, shi sai yi jiang yi er xia, yuan bing jian zhi, bi wei yi jiang yi ling yi po, wei gan qing jin, wang lai kui si, dong yan xun yue, wu qu zhi bi yi。” xi yuan bing jian zhou jian, guo yi bu jin。

【 yi wen】

tang chao shi xiao xi( hou liang xuan di zeng sun) zhan ju yi jiang yi ling, huang di zhao ming li jing( zi yao shi, shi jing wu) tong he jian wang li xiao gong( tang zong shi, feng yong an wang) gong tong chu bing gong ji xiao xi。 li xiao gong you kui zhou chu fa, zhe shi zheng dang yi jiang yi shui gao zhang, xiao xi ren ding li jing bu hui lai gong, yin ci fang bei song xie, er tang jun de jiang ling ye dou qing qiu deng shui chao tui hou zai jin。 li jing shuo:“ yong bing jiang qiu de shi shen su nan ce, xian zai wo jun gang ji he, xiao xi hai wei huo de qing bao, ruo shi zou chen zhe yi jiang yi zhang tu xi jin gong, zheng shi xun lei bu ji yan er, ta men cang cu zhi jian yi ding wu fa ji he jun dui hai ji, wo jun bi neng qin huo zei ren。”

li xiao gong yi ji er xing, qin zi lv ling zhan jian er qian duo sou dong xia, guo ran gong xia jing men、 yi dou er zhen, jin bing yi ling。 xiao xi tun bing geng zhong, cai liu xia ji qian ren shou wei, ting shuo tang bing dao lai, da wei kong ju, cang huang jian zheng bing, bing shi que dou zai yi jiang yi nan、 ling nan zhi wai, lu tu yao yuan, bu neng li ji hui he, zhi hao jin xian you bing li chu bing fan pu。

li xiao gong xiang ji xu jin yi bi yi, li jing zu zhi shuo:“ ta men shi wei jiu yuan er lai, bing bu da suan jian shou kang ju, bu nai jiu zhan, wo jun bu ru zan shi zai nan an zhu zha, huan ta yi ri, di jun bi hui fen bing bu shu。 you de liu xia di ju, you de hui ying zi shou。 bing li yi fen san, zi ran shi li shuai ruo, wo jun chen di jun shi ruo song xie shi jia yi gong ji, na you bu sheng zhi li? ru guo qiong zhui jin yi bi yi, di bing yi ding pin si yi zhan。 chu bing sheng xing piao han, bu yi di dang。”

li xiao gong bu ting, liu xia li jing shou ying, zi lv yi jing yi rui chu ji, guo ran zhan bai, tui shou nan an。 xiao xi de bu zhong que qi qu zhou chuan, qiang duo jun xu yong pin, ren ren bei fu zhong wu。 li jing jian di bing zhen shi fen luan, li ji xia ling gong ji, da bai di bing, cheng sheng tui jin yi jiang yi ling, lai dao wai cheng, de qiang duo di bing zhou chuan。

li jing yao li xiao gong jiang zhou chuan san zhi yi jiang yi zhong, zhu jiang dou shuo:“ lu huo di ren de zhou chuan dang shan jia li yong, wei he yao bai bai qi zhi, fan er zi zhu di ren ne?” li jing shuo:“ xiao xi de di pan, nan chu ling nan, dong dao dong ting hu。 wo men gu jun shen ru di jing, ruo gong cheng bu xia, ta men yuan jun cong si fang ji he, wo jun li wai shou di, jin tui liang nan, ji shi you zhou chuan you you shen me yong? jin tian qi zhi zhou chuan, shi ta man yi jiang yi man he shun liu er xia, di ren yuan jun kan jian, yi wei yi jiang yi ling yi po, bi ding bu gan mao ran jin bing, zai san pai qian jian die kui tan jun qing, zhe yi tuo yan ke neng jiu shi shi duo tian。 zhe qi jian wo jun yi ding ke yi gong xia di cheng le。”

xiao xi de yuan bing kan jian san zhi yi jiang yi mian de zhou chuan, guo ran xin sheng huai yi, bu gan jin bing。

80!”、 zhu juan

【 yuan wen】

huang jin zei yi dang yi han zhong, yi shi wan ren ju wan, zhao zhu juan yi ba qian ren tao zhi。 juan zhang yu jie lei, qi tu shan yi lin cheng nei, ming gu gong qi xi nan。 zei xi zhong fu xi nan, juan zi jiang yi jing yi bing wu qian yan qi dong bei, cheng cheng er ru。 zhong nai tui bao zi cheng, huang ju qi jiang。 shi si ma zhang chao deng yi ting zhi, juan yue:“ bu ke! jin hai nei yi tong, du huang jin zao ni, na jiang tu chang ni meng, fei chang ji!” ji gong zhi, bu ke。 juan nai deng tu shan wang zhi, gu wei zhang chao yue:“ wu zhi zhi yi, zei wai wei zhou gu, qi jiang bu shou, yu chu bu de, suo yi si zhan。 bu ru che wei, bing bing ru cheng, zhong jian wei jie, shi bi zi chu, chu ze yi san, yi po zhi dao ye。” ji jie wei, zhong guo chu, yin ji, da po zhi。

【 yi wen】

dong han mo nian shi, huang jin zei jiang han zhong ju zhong shi wan ren pan ju yuan cheng, han ling di xia ling zhu juan( zi gong wei) lv ba qian ren ping luan。 zhu juan xiu bao zhu cheng, dui qi neng fu kan cheng nei de tu shan zhi hou, jiu ji gu zhi hui da jun gong yuan cheng xi nan, zei ren quan li fang shou xi nan shi, bu liao zhu juan que qin zi lv wu qian yi jing yi bing cong dong bei tou xi, cheng ji gong ru cheng li。 han zhong cang huang tui ru nei cheng, pai ren qing jiang。

dang shi si ma zhang chao( zhang liang hou dai, zi zi bing) deng ren zhu zhang jie shou han zhong de qing jiang, zhu juan que fan dui, ta shuo:“ tong shi tou jiang, dan shi qing shi bu tong, chu li fang shi ye jiu bu neng yi gai er lun, qin chao mo nian xiang yu zheng ba shi, tian xia wu zhu, suo yi yong jiang shang gu li gui shun tou cheng de ren。 xian zai tian xia yi tong, wei du huang jin jie yi dang yi zuo luan, ru guo jin tian jie shou zei yi dang yi qing jiang, wu yi gu li ri hou zei fei zuo luan mou fan, bing fei jiu an zhi ji。”

han zhong qing jiang bu cheng, dan zhu juan yi shi jian que ye wu fa po cheng jian mie han zhong。 yi tian, zhu juan deng shang tu shan tiao wang, hui tou dui zhang chao shuo:“ wo ming bai le, wo jun yi wei zhu zei yi dang yi , zei ren qing jiang bu cheng, you wu fa tu wei er chu, zhi hao pin si shou cheng。 suo yi wo jun bu ru che bing, han zhong jian wei bing che tui, yi ding lv zei chu cheng, zei ren yi chu, pin si yi zhan de shi qi wa jie, jiu rong yi ji kui zei ren。”

yu shi xia ling che bing, han zhong guo ran chu cheng, yu shi zhu juan xia ling chu ji, guo ran da po han zhong。

802、 geng?m

【 yuan wen】

zhang bu di lan, jiang yi jing yi bing er wan shou xi an, er zhu jun he wan ren shou lin zi, xiang ju si shi li。 geng?m jin jun er cheng zhi jian, shi xi an cheng xiao er jian, lin zi sui da shi yi qu, nai xia ling, hou wu ri gong xi an。 lan wen, ri ye jing bei。 zhi qi, ye ban,?m chi zhu jiang jie ru shi, ji dan, jing qu lin zi。 ban ri ba qi cheng, lan ju, qi cheng zou。 zhu jiang yue:“ chi gong xi an er nai xian lin zi, jing bing xia zhi, he ye?”?m yue:“ xi an wen wu gong, bi yan shou ju; lin zi chu bu yi er zhi, bi zi jing rao, gong zhi bi li ba; ba lin zi ze xi an gu, ci ji yi er de er ye! ruo xian gong xi an, dun bing jian cheng, si shang bi duo, ji ba zhi, wu shen ru qi di, hou fa zhuan shu, xun yue jian bu zi kun hu?” zhu jiang jie fu。

【 yi wen】

han guang wu di shi, zhang bu( lang ya ren, zi wen gong) de di di zhang lan lv yi jing yi bing er wan ren ju shou xi an, er qi ta ge jun xian ze ji jie yi wan ren fang shou lin zi, liang cheng zhi jian xiang ju si shi li。 han jiang geng?m( geng kuang zhi zi, zi bo zhao, shi min) lv jun lai dao liang cheng zhi jian, fa jiao xi an cheng sui xiao, dan shou bei jian qiang; lin zi sui shi da cheng, dan fang shou song xie, rong yi gong zhan。 yu shi xia ling, wu tian hou jin gong xi an。

zhang lan ting shuo geng?m jiang yao lv bing gong cheng, ri ye jia jin yan mi de jie bei。 dao le di si tian de ban ye, geng?m xia ling quan ti shi bing xie dai ru xi jun liang chao xiao lu ji xing jun, kuai tian liang shi, lai dao lin zi cheng, zhi yong ban tian de shi jian jiu gong zhan le lin zi。 zhang lan jing kong zhi xia, jing qi shou xi an cheng tao yi。

shi hou zhu jiang wen geng?m:“ yuan shuai xian qian xia ling jin gong xi an, que fa bing da lin zi, jie guo liang cheng yi bing gong zhan, zhe shi shen me yuan yin?”

geng?m shuo:“ xi an cheng ting shuo wo jun jiang yao jin gong, bi ding geng jia qiang jie bei, wo jun chu qi bu yi jin gong lin zi, lin zi shou bing yi ding yin liao xiang bu dao er jing huang hai pa, suo yi neng li ke po cheng。 lin zi yi po, xi an cheng jiu gu li wu yuan, zhe jiu shi wei shen me zhi gong yi cheng er de liang cheng de yuan yin。 ru guo xian da xi an, xi an cheng jian bing qiang, shuang fang yi jiao yi zhan, si shang bi ran can zhong, ji shi huo sheng, wo jun shen ru di jing, hou fang bu gei bu yi, shi tian ban ge yue zhi hou, nan bao bu zi xian kun jing。” zhu jiang ting hou, da wei pei fu。

803、 wei rui

【 yuan wen】

liang tian jian si nian, wang shi bei fa, ming wei rui du jun, gong xiao xian cheng。 ji zhi, cheng zhong hu chu shu bai ren, zhen yu men wai, rui yue:“ cheng zhong er qian yu ren, bi men jian shou, zu yi zi wan, er wu gu chu ren yu wai, ci bi qi xiao jin zhe ye, xian cuo qi jin, cheng yi gu ke ba。” zhu jiang yi bu qian, rui zhi qi jie yue:“ chao ting shou ci, fei yi wei shi, fa bu ke fan ye!” bing sui jin, shu si zhan, wei bing da kui, ji gong zhi, cheng sui ba。

rui jin gong he fei, xian an xing shan chuan, yue:“ wu wen zhi:‘ fen shui ke guan ping yi? yi, jiang shui ke guan an yi。’ ” nai wei zhi yan fei shui, yan cheng, er wei yuan bing da zhi。 zhu jiang ju, qing biao yi bing。 rui xiao yue:“ zei yi zhi er qing bing, sui bian zhi chang, neng ji ma fu hu?” chu zhan bu li, zhu jiang yi tui chao hu, you yi zou bao san cha, rui nu yue:“ jiang jun si sui, you qian wu que, wang dong zhe zhan!” nai qu san shan hui zhuang shu di xia, shi wu dong yi, er geng zhu lei yu di yi zi gu。 jiu zhi, yan shui man, wei jiu bing wu suo yong, cheng jing kui。

wei zhong shan wang yuan ying, yi bai wan zhong kou bei xu zhou, wei ci shi chang yi zhi yu zhong li。 di qian cao jing zong jiang da bing wang jiu, chi rui shuai suo bu wang hui zhi。 rui zi he fei jing jin, shi wei bing sheng shi shen sheng, zhu jiang ju, qing huan xing。 rui yue:“ zhong li wang jiu shen ji, che chi zu ben, you kong qi hou, er ke huan hu? wei bing shen ru, yi duo wu fu zhong, wu you ye。” bu xun ri, zhi, sui yu jing zong ying qian er shi li, yi ye jue chang qian, shu lu jiao, jie tu wei cheng, bi xiao er ying li, yuan ying jing yi wei shen。 ying xian yu shao yi? yi zhou liang an wei liang qiao, shu zha shu bai bu, kua huai tong dao。 rui nai zhuang da sou, cheng huai shui bao zhang, jing fa yi lin qi lei, er ling xiao chuan zai wei gao, guan zhi gao you, cheng feng zong huo, yan yan zhang tian, shu hu zhi jian, qiao zha jin huai, wo jun cheng shi fen yong, hu sheng dong tian di, wu bu yi dang bai。 wei bing da kui, yuan ying jin yi shen mian。 chang yi zhi de bao, bu xia yu, dan zhi jiao yue:“ geng sheng! geng sheng!”

[ shu]

shi wei ren ge yue:“ bu wei xiao yi niang yi yu lv lao, dan wei he fei you wei hu!” wei ji rui, lv, lv seng zhen, xiao zhe, lin chuan wang hong ye。

【 yi wen】

nan bei chao shi, hou liang tian jian si nian, yu zhou ci shi wei rui feng ming lv jun gong ji wei jun xiao xian cheng。 lai dao cheng wai shi, wei jun pai chu shu bai ren zai cheng wai lie zhen, wei rui shuo:“ cheng zhong sui zhi you er qian duo ren, dan zhi yao bi men jian shou, you zu gou de li liang zi bao, xian zai wu gu pai ren chu cheng, zhe yi ding shi ta men zui yong gan shan zhan de jun shi, ru guo neng da bai ta men, na xiao xian cheng ye jiu bu gong zi po le。” zhu jiang que you yu bu qian, wei rui zhi zhe fu jie shuo:“ chao ting ban ci fu jie, bu shi yong lai dang zhuang shi pin de, wo wei rui de ming ling bu ke wei kang!” yu shi xia ling gong ji, shi bing dou pin si zuo zhan, wei bing da bai, wei rui cheng sheng gong zhan cheng chi。

you yi ci wei rui jin bing he fei, dao da zhi hou, xian guan cha shan chuan di shi, shuo:“ wo ting shuo fen shui ke guan ping yi? yi, jiang shui ke yan an yi。 yu shi lv bu zhong zhu di, du zhu he shui, zhun bei shui yan he fei。 zhe shi wei guo da pi yuan bing kai dao, zhu jiang shen gan kong ju, pa wu fa zhan sheng wei jun, xiang shang shu zou qing zeng pai yuan bing。 wei rui xiao zhe shuo:“ di ren yi jing bing lin cheng xia, cai yao qiu qing yuan, zen me lai de ji ne, bian zi zai chang ye bu ji ma du a( yuan shui nan jiu jin huo)!” yi kai shi zhan kuang bu li, zhu jiang xiang yao tui shou chao hu, you xiang hui shou san cha, wei rui sheng qi de shuo:“ jun ren yu di zuo zhan, zhi you qian jin mei you hou tui, wei ling zhe zhan!” yu shi ming ren na lai san shan ji hui zhuang, xiang zheng wei quan de yi zhang, shu li zai di yan xia, biao shi jue bu hou tui de jue xin。 yi mian zai di shang xiu zhu ying lei gong gu fang yu。 bu jiu, ji chu zhi shui man yi, kun zhu le cheng chi, wei jun de yuan bing jing wu fa fa hui zuo yong。 wei rui fan gong, po cheng er ru。

bei wei zhong shan wang yuan ying( tuo ba zhen zhi zi, zi hu er, shi xian wu) lv bu zhong bai wan ren rou yi lin xu zhou bei fang yi dai, zai zhong li cheng bao yi pi wei ci shi chang yi zhi( nan chao liang ren, zu shi lie)。 huang di pai qian cao jing zong lv da jun zeng yuan, bing ming wei rui qian wang hui he。 wei rui zhi jie cong he fei gan dao zhong li, yi lu shang, jun shi wei ju wei bing ren duo shi zhong, duo quan wei rui fang man xing jun su du。 wei rui shuo:“ zhong li cheng qing shi wei ji, ji shi che chi zu ben, huo su qian wang jiu yuan, dou hai xian tai chi, man man zou zen me lai de ji? wei bing gu jun shen ru, wo zi you ban fa ying fu, ni men bu yong dan xin。” bu dao shi tian, yi yu cao jing zong hui he, wei rui chen ye zai cao jing zong de ying qian er shi li chu jue le yi tiao chang gou, shu li lu jiao, lei tu cheng cheng, tian liang shi, ying zhai yi zhu hao, yuan ying yi wei shi shen ren。 xian qian yuan ying zeng pai ren zai shao yi? yi zhou de liang an jia she bian qiao, shu li wei zha shu bai bu, guan zhi qiao shang tong dao。 wei rui cheng zhe huai shui bao zhang, deng shang zhan jian gong ji shui zhou shang de wei jun, ling wai li yong xiao chuan zai zhe gan cao, guan shang you zhi, shun zhe feng shi fang huo, yi shi yan chen mi man, sha na jian bian qiao wei zha dou hua wei hui jin。 wei rui de jun dui cheng shi fen yong sha di, han sheng zhen tian, ge ge yi yi dang bai。 wei bing da bai, yuan ying yi ge ren jiao xing tao zou。 chang yi zhi de dao wei jun da bai de bao gao, gao xing de zhi shuo:“ de jiu le! de jiu le!”

[ shu yi wen]

dang shi wei jun zeng bian yi shou ge chuan chang:“ bu wei xiao yi niang yi yu lv lao, dan wei he fei you wei hu。” wei shi zhi wei rui, lv shi zhi lv seng qian, xiao shi zhi lin chuan wang xiao hong。

804、 ma sui

【 yuan wen】

ma sui ji bai tian yue, hui jiu zhi, yue fu zhen。 yue bi huan shui, zi qing jun qi zuo, heng ji jun qi you。 sui jin tun ye, qing yi bing。 zhao he yi? yi li? yi bing hui, ci yu zhang。 yue qian jiang wang guang jin yi bing shou zhang zhi chang qiao, zhu yue lei yi e jun lu。 sui yu xia liu yi tie suo wei che shu bai jue he, zai tu nang e shui er du。 yue zhi sui shi fa, jian bi bu zhan。 sui ling shi ji shi ri liang, jin ying cang kou, yu yue jia huan er jun, zao san qiao, yu huan ri tiao zhan。 yue bu chu, yi? yi fu wan ren, yu yi yan sui。[ bian pi: yi tong。] sui ling zhu jun ye ban shi, ji ming shi ming gu jiao, er qian shi bing huan。[ bian pi: gong qi suo bi jiu。] qu wei zhou, xia ling yue:“ xu zei zhi, zhi wei zhen。” liu bai qi chi huo ni qiao pang, dai yue zhong jin du, nai fen qiao。 sui xing shi yu li, yue guo lv zhong yu qiao。 cheng feng zong huo, gu zao er qian。 sui ling bing shi wu dong, chu zhen mang guang bai bu, yong shi wu qian ren xian wei zhen yi dai yue。[ bian pi: yi yi dai lao。] bi yue zhi, huo zhi, qi shao shuai。 sui jiang bing fen ji, da bai zhi。 yue hai zou, er san qiao yi fen yi。 yue zhong fu shui si zhe bu ke sheng ji。

【 yi wen】

tang chao shi ma sui( zi xun mei) sui da bai tian yue( tian cheng si de zhi er), dan yin you di yuan kai dao, suo yi tian yue shi li si hui fu ran。 ma sui sui zhi jiang bu dui tui jin dao ye cheng, bing bao qing chao ting zeng bing zhi yuan。 chao ting zhao ling he yi? yi shou li? lv bing chi yuan, yu ma sui hui shi yu zhang shui。 tian yue pai bu jiang wang guang jin fen bing shou zhang shui bian de chang qiao, xiu zhu ban yue xing de tu qiang, yi e zhi guan jun de jin lu。 ma sui pai chu shu bai bing zu, qian yin tie lian lian jie he zhong, yan zhe tie lian zhuang zai tu dai, jie duan he shui, rang bing shi ke yi she shui du he。

tian yue zhi dao ma sui que liang, jiu wa hao gou, jian shou ying di bu chu zhan。 ma sui rang shi bing xie dai shi tian kou liang, jin bing zhu tun cang kou, yu tian yue de bu dui zai huan shui liang an dui zhi, ling wai pai bing da jian san zuo qiao dao, tian tian du yue huan shui, dao tian yue ying qian tiao zhan。 tian yue bu chu zhan, que an zhong mai fu yi wan ren xiang tu xi ma sui。

ma sui ban ye li xia ling shi bing qi chuang chi fan, tian gang po xiao, gu jiao qi ming, yang zuo jin gong, que tou tou di jiang zhu li du yue huan shui yi shi wei zhou, xia ling shuo:“ zei bing dao hou, ting zhi xing jun, li ji bu zhen!” tong shi liu xia yi bai ming qi bing, na zhe huo ba zang ni zai qiao pang, deng tian yue de bing shi quan bu du he hou, shao hui le qiao dao。

ma sui lv jun zou le da yue shi li lu, tian yue guo ran lv zhong du he zhui lai, cheng zhe feng shi zong huo, bing qie gao sheng jiao xiao zhe qian jin。 ma sui an bing bu dong, xian qing chu zhen qian bai bu nei de cao cong, ming yong shi wu qian ren wei xian feng, she zhen dai di。 deng tian yue de bu zhong dao gen qian shi, yin huo shi yi xi, suo yi shi qi ye gen zhe shuai jie。

ma sui zhe shi fa bing gong ji, tian yue da bai hou tui, dan yin san qiao bei hui, tian yue jun dui da luan, yin tao ming tiao shui yan si de, nan yi ji shu。

805、 zheng zi yuan  li sheng

【 yuan wen】

huan wang nu zheng bu chao, yi zhu hou fa zhi。 wang wei zhong jun, guo gong lin fu jiang you jun, cai ren、 wei ren shu yan; zhou gong hei jian jiang zuo jun, chen ren shu yan。 zheng zi yuan qing wei zuo ju, yi dang cai ren、 wei ren, wei you ju, yi dang chen ren, yue:“ chen luan, min mo you dou xin, ruo xian fan zhi, bi ben。 wang zu gu zhi, bi luan。 cai、 wei bu zhi, gu jiang xian ben, ji er cui yu wang zu, ke yi ji shi。” cong zhi, man bo wei you ju, ji zhong wei zuo ju, yuan fan、 gao qu mi yi zhong jun feng zheng bo, wei yu li zhi zhen, xian pian hou wu,[ er shi wu cheng wei pian, wu ren wei wu。] wu cheng mi feng。 zhan yu? ge, ming er ju yue:“[? man qu?? guo di?? mo?rdquo; cai、 wei、 chen jie ben, wang zu luan, zheng shi he yi gong zhi, wang zu da bai。

tu bo shang jie zan bing yu long qi, li sheng xuan bing san qian, shi wang? yin?F yi? yi pang, jie zhi yue:“ bo jun guo cheng xia, wu ji shou wei, shou wei zong bai, zhong jun li quan, dan hou qi qian jun yi guo, jian wu fang qi、 wu bao yi, ze qi zhong jun ye, tu qi bu yi, ke jian qi gong。”? cuo po shan hui qu? yuan song xu? chuang zi qi ta? cao yun? yao? nai? huang du song xu? shi song huo tiao? jun?/p>

[ shu ping]

fan wang bu xiang, er san guo fei zheng di, gu xian dong qi zuo you yi yao zhi; shang jie zan jin er jiao, xiao cuo wei ke de zhi, gu zhuan li yu zhong jun, chu bu yi yi tu zhi。

ruo yan ling zhi zhan, miao ben huang yan yu jin hou yue:“ chu zhi liang, zai yu zhong jun wang zu, qing fen liang yi ji qi zuo you, er yi san jun cui yu wang zu, bi da bai zhi。” ci you yin jin、 chu li di er ran。 gu yue:“ zhi bi zhi ji, bing fa he chang zhi you?”

【 yi wen】

chun qiu shi zhou huan wang yin zheng guo bu chao bai tian zi, lv zhu hou ge jun zheng tao zheng guo。 zhou huan wang qin zi zhi hui zhong jun, guo gong lin fu zhi hui you jun, cai、 wei liang jun ye gui you ta tong yi zhi hui, zhou gong hei jian lv ling zuo jun, chen jun ye zai ta de zhi hui xia。

zheng zi yuan qing qiu zu cheng zuo jun, yi bian di dang cai、 wei liang jun, ling zai zu you jun di kang chen jun。 ta shuo:“ chen guo gang gang fa sheng nei luan, bai xing dou yin yan zhan er que fa dou zhi, jia ru xian fa bing gong da chen jun, ta men yi ding bu zhan er hen bei ben tao; zhou wang suo lv de zhong jun kan dao zhe zhong qing xing, yi ding hui yin qi yi? yi dong; er cai、 wei jun ye bu neng di dang wo jun, dang ran kui tao。 zhe shi wo men jiu ke ji zhong bing li gong da zhou wang de zhong jun, yi ding da huo quan sheng。”

zheng zhuang gong cai na zheng zi yuan de jian yi, pai da fu man bo lv ling you jun, ji zhong lv ling zuo jun, yuan fan, gao qu mi lv ling zhong jun, pai cheng yu li zhi zhen hu wei zheng zhuang gong。 suo wei“ yu li zhen shi” jiu shi xian feng pai lie er shi wu liang zhan che, qi ci shi mei pai wu ren de wu pai bu bing, lie zhen zai liang che zhi jian, zu cheng di ren wu fa qie duan de jian qiang zhen shi。

liang jun zai? ge( jin he nan sheng chang ge xian bei shi er li) zhan kai ji zhan。 zheng zhuang gong xia ling zuo you liang jun shuo:“ kan dao dui fang da jiang de jun qi yi dong shi, jiu ji gu qian jin。”

jie guo cai、 wei、 chen san jun fen fen kui san ben tao, zhou huan wang suo lv ling de zhong jun ye zhen shi da luan, zheng jun quan li gong ji, zhou jun yu shi da bai。

tang chao shi, tu bo shang jie zan( tang shi tu bo cheng xiang, zeng zhu tang mie zhu??, de zong hui yue shi yan, yu shi lv bing ru kou, wei li sheng tao ping) ru qin long、 qi, li sheng pai da jiang wang? wuɡ ni sha nai mo?┞ shi hu xie lv pu jiang nai kong cong?? si qiong??F yi? yi cheng pang, bing gao jie ta shuo:“ di bing guo jing, bu yao qu gong ji ta men de qian feng huo dian hou bu dui, ji shi da bai le ta men de qian feng huo dian hou bu dui, zhong jian de zhu li bu dui shi li reng hao wu sun shang, ni men jiu wu li di kang le。 bu ru deng ta men de qian feng bu dui guo qu, kan dao wu fang qi, chuan zhe hu bao tu an zhan fu de shi zu, na jiu shi ta men de zhu li bu dui。 ni men chu qi bu yi de jie ji, yi ding neng jian qi gong。”

wang? you zhao pa ni sha mu chang yaoプ zhi?? hua yan xin song sou meng me shuai wu you zhe? shangв shao xue kong ru huang xian du xin song bi mouは bo? fu? meng? you xuan?/p>

[ shu ping yi wen]

yu tian zi jun dui wei di, gu ran li kui, dan cai、 wei、 chen san ge dou bu shi zheng guo de dui shou, suo yi zheng zi yuan xian dong yao zuo、 you liang jun de shi qi, wa jie ta men de dou zhi; shang jie zan han jin jiao zha, xiao bai bu neng cuo ta wei yong, suo yi yao chu qi bu yi de quan li gong ji ta de zhu li。

jin chu yan ling zhi zhan shi, miao ben huang( chun qiu chu ren, hou tou ben jin guo) zeng dui jin hou shuo:“ chu guo de yi jing yi bing dou zai zhong jun, qing wang pai shao bu fen yi jing yi bing gong ji zuo you liang jun, jia yi qian zhi, zai ji zhong yong quan li gong ji chu guo zhong jun, zhe yang yi ding neng huo sheng。” suo yi shuo:“ zhong yao de shi zhi ji zhi bi, bing fa bing mei you gu ding bu bian de gui ze。”

806、 liu?

【 yuan wen】

liu?[ zi shu xin。] fu guan dong jing。 zhi wo kou, fang shi, hu bao feng ba zuo zhang。? yue:“ ci zei zhao ye, zhu bao bing。” ji xia ling jian cheng er jin。 wen jin ren bai meng nan xia, yi xian dong jing,? yu jiang zuo she zhou lu xing, ji qu zhi shun chang。 zhi fu chen gui jian? wen ji。? xun zhi cheng zhong you mi wan hu, nai yi lian bing ru cheng, wei shou yu ji。 zhu jiang wei jin bu ke di, qing yi yi jing yi rui zhe lao zhi shun liu hai yi jiang yi nan。? yue:“ dong jing sui shi, xing quan jun zhi ci, you cheng ke shou, nai he qi zhi? gan yan qu zhe, zhan!” zhi jia si zhong, ji xin yu men, jie shou zhe yue:“ tuo you bu li, ji fen wu jia!”[ bian pi: li guang bi na dao yu gou zhong, xiang si。] nai fen ming zhu jiang shou zhu men, ming chi hou, mu tu ren wei jian die。 yu shi jun shi jie fen。 shi shou bei yi wu ke shi。? du qu che lun yuan mai cheng shang, you che min hu fei, zhou za bi zhi。 fan liu ri, cu bi, er jin bing yi zhi cheng xia yi。 chu? fu cheng zhu yang ma yuan, xue yuan wei men, zhi shi bi yuan wei zhen, jin ren zong shi, jie zi yuan duan yi zhu yu cheng, huo zhi zhong yuan shang。? yong po di gong, yi yi shen bi、 qiang yi nu yi, zi cheng shang huo yuan men she di, wu bu zhong zhe。 di shao que, ji yi bu bing yao ji, ni he shui si zhe wu suan。 jin bing yi zhai er shi li。? qian yan chong mu zhuang shi wu bai ren ye zhuo qi ying。 shi xi, tian yu yu, dian guang si qi, jian bian fa zhe zhe jian zhi。 jin bing fu tui shi wu li。? fu mu bai ren yi wang, ming zhe zhu wei qi, ru shi jing er yi wei xi zhe, ren chi yi yi wei hao, zhi fan jin ying, dian yi shan ze fen ji, dian zhi ze ni bu dong。 di zhong da luan, bai ren zhe wen chui sheng er ju。[ bian pi: yong bai ren ru yi ren, you ru qian ren wan ren。] bing zhi ci shen yi, jin ren yi bu neng ce。 zhong ye zi zhan, ji yi shi yi ying ye, wu shu zai bian wen zhi, ji suo xue shang ma, shuai shi wan zhong lai yuan。 zhu jiang wei:“ yi cheng fang sheng zhi shi, ju zhou quan jun er gui。” ? yue:“ di ying shen er, er wu shu you lai, wu jun yi dong, bi nie qi hou, ze qian gong ju fei yi!”? mu de cao cheng deng er ren, yu zhi yue:“ qian ru zuo jian, shi jie zhong shang, di ru wu yan, di bi bu sha ru, jin zhi ru chuo lu qi zhong, ru yu di, ze yang zhui ma, wei di suo de。 di shuai wen wo he ru ren, ze yue:‘ ping bian shuai zi, xi sheng ji, chao ting yi liang guo jiang hao, shi shou dong jing, tu yi le er。’ yi er er ren guo ru qi yan, wu shu da xi,[ bian pi: wu shu zhi bai, zhi wei tai zi shi qing di gu。] ji zhi e che pao ju bu yong。 yi ri,? deng cheng, wang jian er ren lai, zhui er shang zhi, nai di xie cheng deng lai gui, yi wen shu yi juan xi yu xie shang,? ju huo jun, li fen zhi。[ bian pi: you zhu yi。] wu shu zhi cheng xia, qian ze zhu jiang, zhu jiang jie yue:“ nan chao yong bing fei xi bi, yuan shuai lin cheng zi jian。” shi? qian geng xun qing zhan, wu shu nu yue:“ liu? he gan yu wu zhan? yi wu li po er cheng, zhi yong xue jian? dao er!” xun yue:“ tai wei fei dan qing yu tai zi zhan, qie wei tai zi bi bu gan ji he, yuan xian fu qiao wu suo, ji er da zhan。”[ bian pi: nu er zhi zhi。] chi ming,? guo wei wu fu qiao yu he shang, di yong yi ji。? qian ren du ying shang liu ji cao zhong, jie jun shi sui ke si, wu yin yu he, yin zhe yi qi zu。 shi da shu, di yuan lai, zhou ye bu jie jia,? jun fan xiu geng shi yang ma yuan xia, er di ren ma ji ke, yin shi shui cao zhe zhe bing。 fang chen qi qing liang,? an bing bu dong。 dai wei shen jian, di qi yi suo, hu qian shu bai ren, chu xi men jie zhan。 e yi shu qian ren chu nan men, jie ling wu han, dan yi rui fu fan zhi。 di da bai, wu shu sui ba ying bei qu。 shi yi ye,? bing bu ying er wan, chu zhan jin wu qian ren; jin bing shu shi wan, ying xi bei, gen shi wu li, mei mu, gu sheng zhen shan gu, ying zhong xuan hua, zhong ye you sheng; er wo cheng zhong su ran bu wen ji quan, wei neng yi yi dai lao, shi yi da sheng。

[ zhu hui an yue]

shun chang zhi yi, zheng zhi shu tian。 liu? fen bu xia bing wu qian wei wu dui, xian bei shu yao, yin jiu shi rou。 yi yi fu dou mou yu jia, shai zhi ri xia, shi ling ren yi shou mo, kan re ru huo bu ke zhe shou, nai huan yi dui。 jun zhi, ling chi jiu fan; shao ding, yu shu yao。 sui ge shou bing chu xi men zhan, shao qing, you huan yi dui, chu nan men, ru ci shu dui, fen men die chu song ru, lu sui da bai。 yuan lu zhong duo, qi li wu feng, jin neng cao ge, geng zhuan dong bu de; er wo bing zhi fu zhi ru ren cong, xian qi ma jia yi duan qi zu, yi qi cai dao, ji ya shu qi, sha shang shen zhong。 lu ren zhi shi fang you qie zhong guo zhi yi, sui cong he yi er。

【 yi wen】

song chao liu? gan fu kai feng ren guan, zhong tu xing jing wo kou zheng yao chi fan shi, tu ran gua qi yi zhen bao feng, ba zhang peng dou chui dao le。 ta ren wei zhe shi zei bing xing luan de xiong zhao, yu shi xia ling jia jin gan lu。 bu jiu, guo ran jie dao jin ren bei meng nan qin de xiao xi, yi jing gong xian dong jing( kai feng)。 bu de yi he fu jiang qi chuan zou lu lu, lian ye ji xing gan dao shun chang cheng。 zhi fu chen gui jian dao liu?, jiu ji wen gai ru he yu di, liu? de zhi cheng zhong shang you cun liang wan hu, yu shi jue ding lv bing ru cheng, zai ji yi ru he ji zhong bing li quan li fang shou de shi yi。 zhu jiang dou shuo jin bing nan yi di yu, qing qiu xian pai bing hu song cheng nei de lao ruo fu ru qian wang yi jiang yi nan。 liu? shuo:“ dong jing sui yi shi xian, dan xing kui reng you wan zheng de jun dui ju shou ci di, wei shen me yao qi cheng tao yi, shui zai gan shuo qi cheng, jun fa chu zhan!”

yu shi yi miao wei jia, zai miao men dui fang xu duo chai cao, jiao dai shou wei:“ wan yi qing shi wei ji, jiu dian huo shao hui wo jia。” ling wai fen bie pai jiang ling ba shou ge cheng men, yan ge jian zha wang lai xing ren, bing qie you dang di ren shi zhong zhao mu mi tan, pai chu chi hou, ru ci jun xin da wei zhen fen。

dang shi shun chang fu hao wu fang yu gong shi, liu? ming ren qu lai che lun pai lie zai cheng qiang shang, you chai qu min jia de da men, wei zai cheng qiang de si zhou, hua fei le yue liu tian de shi jian, da zhi bu shu wan bi, zhe shi jin bing ye lai dao cheng xia。 zui chu, liu? ji zai shou cheng zhou wei xiu zhu“ yang ma yuan”( cheng wai jia zhu de xiao ge cheng gong shi, zan wei an bo yang ma zhi yong), zai zai yuan shang wa dong wei men, ci shi, jie he le xu duo yang ma yuan, jia shang zhe gai zuo wei fang yu zhen di。

jin ren yi jian zhen jin gong, suo she chu de jian ruo fei yue guo yuan duan she dao cheng qiang, jiu zhi she dao yuan bi, si hao fa hui bu le sha di de zuo yong。 liu? tiao xuan shen jian shou, yi qiang yi nu yi zai cheng shang huo yuan men fan ji, bai fa bai zhong, shang di wu shu, di ren shao yi tui bing, liu? jiu chu dong bu bing zhui ji, jin bing tao ming luo shui er si de bu ji qi shu。

jin bing tui hou er shi li zha ying, liu? pai yan chong zhao mu wu bai zhuang shi, cheng ye sha ru jin ying, zhe ye lei dian yi jiao yi jia, song jun jian dao bang bian zi de ji yu pu sha。 jin ren zai tui bai shi wu li, liu? ming yi bai ming yong shi zu cheng gan si dui, yi zhu zi wei wu qi, jiu xiang yi fu shi jing bai xing xi xi zhui zhu de yang zi, mei ren na yi gen zhu zi wei an hao jin gong jin bing de ying di, tian kong lei guang yi shan, mei ren jiu fen yong qian chong, lei guang zhi jiu qian fu bu dong, di ying da luan。 er yi bai ming gan si dui yuan wen hao jiao sheng, bian qi ju jin gong, jin ren geng jiao cao mu jie bing, bing xin huang kong。 jing zheng ye zi xiang hun zhan, dui yi shi yi ying ye。

jin wu shu( wan yan zong bi) zai bian jing jie dao zhan bai de xiao xi, lv shi wan ren jun jiu yuan。 zhu jiang ren wei:“ chen zhe jin ren tui bai, ying gan jin bei chuan, quan jun er tui, bu yao yu jin wu shu zheng mian yi jiao yi shou。” liu? shuo:“ di ying li wo jun hen jin, er jin wu shu de yuan jun jiang dao, ru guo wo jun yi tui, jin bing yi ding chu bing jin sui zhui ji, suo you de zhan guo dou jiang qian gong jin qi。”

yu shi you zhao mu cao cheng deng er ren, dui ta men shuo:“ xian zai wo pai ni men dang mi tan, shi cheng zhi hou bi you zhong shang, zhi yao ni men zhao zhe wo de hua qu zuo, jin ren jiu jue dui bu hui sha ni men。 xian zai ni men qi ma qu xian guang, kan dao jin bing jiu gu yi zhui ma, jin ren fu lu ni men hou, yi ding hui zhen xun ni men xiang zhi dao wo shi zen yang yi ge ren。 zhe shi ni men jiu da shuo:‘ ta shen zai tai ping sheng shi, ping ri ta zui huan ting ge wan ji, chao ting xi wang liang guo xiu hao, suo yi pai ta zhen shou dong jing, hao an xiang yi le。’” dang cao cheng deng er ren zhao liu? zhi ji xing shi hou, jin wu shu fei chang gao xing, jiu fang qi e che( gong cheng che)、 da pao deng gong cheng qi xie。 di er tian, liu? deng cheng, kan jian cao cheng er ren hui lai, li ke yong sheng suo diao ta men shang lai, fa xian liang ren dou shang le xing ju, hai fu le yi feng xin, liu? shen kong dong yao jun xin, li ke ba xin jian shao hui。

jin wu shu lai dao cheng xia hou, xian ze bei jin jiang wei shen me mei you gong xia shun chang。 zhu jiang yi kou tong sheng hui da shuo:“ nan chao yong bing yi fei xi ri ke bi, bu xin, yuan shuai qin zi gong cheng jiu zhi dao le。” zheng qiao, liu? pai geng xun qing zhan, jin wu shu ting le bo ran da nu shuo:“ liu? shi shen me ren, jing gan xiang ben shuai tiao zhan? ping ben shuai shi wan bing li, gong xia ni liu? yi ge xiao xiao shun chang cheng, jiu hao bi yong jiao cai ping gou wo!” geng xun shuo:“ tai wei( liu?) fei dan qing yu tai zi( song ren cheng jin wu shu wei si tai zi) jue zhan, bing qie ren wei tai zi yi ding bu gan du he qian lai, suo yi tai wei te bie xian shang wu zuo fu qiao, gong ni jun du he yong。 deng tai zi ping an du he hou, zai jue yi si zhan。”

di er tian tian liang, liu? guo ran zai he shang jia qi wu zuo fu qiao, hao rang jin bing neng du he er lai, dan que zai he de shang you he cao zhong dou sa shang du yi yao, yin ci te bie jing gao shi zu shuo:“ ke si ye bu xu he he shui, gan wei kang jun ling zhe, yi lv wen zhan。” zhe shi zheng shi da re tian, jin bing chang tu ba she er lai, ri ye dou bu gan jie xia kui jia shui jiao。 fan zhi, liu? de jun dui dou neng lun liu xiu xi, bing qie zai yang ma yuan xia jin shi, jin bing ren ma you ji you ke, you xu duo bing ma yin yin shi shui cao er zhong du sheng bing。

zai qing chen jiao liang shuang shi, liu? yi zhi an bing bu dong, hao rang shi bing chong fen xiu xi, zhi dao xia wu san dian zuo you, jian jin bing yi shao jian song xie, cai tu ran pai ji bai ren cong xi men chong chu sha di, jie zhe you you ji qian ren cong nan men xiang jin bing meng gong, liu? ming bing shi bu zhun chu sheng, zhi neng yong da fu hui kan gong ji, jie guo jin bing da bai, jin wu shu zhi hao ba ying bei gui。

zong ji zhe chang zhan yi, liu? de bing li bu dao liang wan ren, shi ji can jia zhan dou de zhi you wu qian ren; fan zhi, jin bing you ji shi wan bing, jun ying you xi dao bei mian chang shi wu li。 mei wan zhan gu zhi yi sheng zhen han da di, ying zhong tong xiao cao rang; er song jun shu shou de shun chang cheng, cheng nei yi pian ji jing, lian ji gou dou bu jiao。 yi“ yi yi dai lao” zhan shu, zhong yu da bai jin bing。

[ zhu xi ping yi wen]

shun chang zhi zhan zheng dang re tian, liu? ba wu qian ren fen cheng wu ge dui, xian zhun bei hao bi shu yao he yin jiu shi rou, zai lie ri xia fang yi fu dou mou yu jia, bu shi rang ren qu mo, yi zhi shai dao shou bu neng chu mo tie jia de re du, cai huan yi dui。 jun dui lai le, bian rang chi jiu fan, ting yi hui er you gei bi shu yao。 yu shi cong xi men chu bing tu xi, jie zhe zai pai yi dui you nan men chu ji, zhi jian quan jun cong ge cheng men chu chu ru ru, jie guo jin bing da bai er tao。 zai shuo jin bing yin ren shu guo duo, yong ji zai yi dui, ji hu wu li zhui zhi di, jin jin zhi neng shou chi mao?? zhan li, wan quan dong dan bu de, fan zhi song jun que shou chi da fu chong ru di zhen, sha jin bing, kan ma jiao, yi qi dao, shu qi ye sui zhi qing dao, jie guo di ren shang wang can zhong, you yu shun chang yi zhan, jin ren cai zhi song ren zhan li bu ke hu shi, sheng qi qie yi, yu shi tong yi yu song yi he。

807、 han shi zhong

【 yuan wen】

shi zhong zhu zhen yi jiang yi , jin ren yu liu yu he bing fen dao ru qin。 di shou zha ming shi zhong chi shou bei, tu jin qu, ci zhi ken qie。 shi zhong sui zi zhen yi jiang yi du shi, bi tong zhi jie yuan shou gao you, hou jin bu zu; qin ti qi bing zhu da yi, dang di qi。 fa mu wei zha, zi duan gui lu, hui qian wei liang chen shi jin, shi zhong che chui cuan, gei liang chen:“ you zhao yi tun shou yi jiang yi 。”[ bian pi: ling bian。] liang chen ji chi qu, shi zhong du liang chen yi chu jing, er shang ma ling jun zhong yue:“ shi wu bian suo xiang。” yu shi yin jun zhi da yi, le wu zhen, she fu er shi yu suo, yue wen gu ji qi ji。 liang chen zhi jin jun, jin ren wen wang shi dong xi, ju yi suo jian dui。 nie er bei jin wen shi zhong tui, xi shen。 yin bing zhi yi jiang yi kou, ju da yi wu li, bie jiang ta bei ye yin qian qi guo wu zhen dong, shi zhong chuan xiao hui, ming gu, fu bing si qi, qi se yu jin ren qi za chu。 jin jun luan, wo jun die jin, bei wei jun ge chi chang fu, shang?L ren xiong, xia zhuo ma zu。 di pi zhong jia, xian ni nao, shi zhong hui jin qi si mian rou yi lin , ren ma ju bi, sui qin ta bei ye deng。

【 yi wen】

nan song ming jiang han shi zhong( zi liang chen, zu shi zhong wu) zhen shou zhen yi jiang yi shi, jin ren yu liu yu( zi yan you, gao zong nan du hou, jin ren ce li liu yu wei huang di, guo hao qi) xiang hu gou jie, fen tou ru qin song jing。 song gao zong qin bi xia zhao, chi ming han shi zhong yan jia shou bei wai, bing xi wang han shi zhong neng jin er you geng da de zuo wei。 zhao shu yan ci ken qie gan ren, yin ci, han shi zhong you zhen yi jiang yi qin zi lv jun du he, chu le ming tong zhi guan jie yuan( zi shan chang, yi lv jian zhan gong ren ming wei bao xin jun jie du shi) fang shou gao you, kang yu jin ren bu bing wai, zi ji ze qin lv qi bing zhu shou da yi, di dang jin ren qi bing。

han shi zhong ming ren fa mu zuo cheng zha lan, zu duan zi jun de tui lu, zeng jia shi bing fen yong sha di de jue xin。

zheng yu dao wei liang chen( zi dao bi, guan zhi can zhi zheng shi) feng ming chu shi jin guo, bing ji ke ming ling che qu chui cuan, yi jun yi jiang yi bian tun zhu, gei wei liang chen tiao dong bu shu de yin xiang。 yu shi, wei liang chen ce ma ji chi er qu, han shi zhong gu ji wei liang chen yi chu bian jing hou, jiu shang ma dui quan jun shi bing shuo:“ zhu yi kan wo ma bian suo zhi de fang xiang。” yu shi yin ling quan jun dao da yi di qu pai lie cheng wu ge jun zhen, bing zai er shi duo chu xian di mai fu shi zu, yue ding yi gu sheng wei chu ji xin hao。

wei liang chen dao da jin ren ying di hou, jin ren xun wen wei liang chen you guan song jun bu shu de qing xing, wei liang chen dou yi yi ju shi xiang gao。 nie er bei jin ting shuo han shi zhong tui bing shou yi jiang yi , fei chang gao xing, lv bing lai dao yi jiang yi kou, ju da yi da yue you wu li lu。 zhe shi fu jiang ta bei ye lv ling yi qian ming qi bing, zheng jing guo song jun wu zhen de dong mian。

han shi zhong chuan ling xiao bing ji gu, mai fu de shi bing feng yong er chu, song jun de qi zhi yu jin ren de qi zhi hun za yi qi, jin bing dun shi da luan, song jun cheng sheng meng gong, han shi zhong geng du ling bei wei bing mei ren ge chi chang fu yi ba, shang ci ren xiong, xia kan ma jiao, jin bing chuan zhe ben zhong de kui jia, xian zai ni di li, gen ben wu fa hui dao di kang, zhe shi han shi zhong zai ming yi jing yi rui qi bing you si fang chong sha xian zai ni di de jin bing, ren ma jun wang, yu shi qin huo ta bei ye deng ren。

808、 cao wei

【 yuan wen】

cao wei zhi wei zhou, shi nian shi jiu。 chang chu zhan xiao jie, lu yin qu, wei zhen lu qu yi yuan, nai huan qu suo lve niu ma zi zhong er hai。 lu wen wei zhu li xing chi, shi you bu zheng, ju hai bing lai xi, jiang zhi, wei shi yu zhi yue:“ jun yuan lai, bi shen pi, wo bu cheng ren zhi ji, qing xiu qi shi ma, shao xuan jue zhan。” lu fang shen pi, xin ran jie yan, xie liang jiu, wei you shi yu zhi:“ xie ding, ke xiang chi yi!” yu shi gu jun er jin, da po zhi。 yin wei qi xia yue:“ wu zhi lu yi pi, gu wei tan li yi you zhi, bi qi fu lai, ji xing bai li yi。 ruo cheng rui yi zhan, you you sheng fu, yuan xing zhi ren, xiao qi ze zu bi, bu neng li, ren qi yi lan, wu yi ci qu zhi。” wei zai jun, de ren si li, ping ju shen xia, ji yong shi, chu ru ruo shen。 yi ri, zhang le yin liao li, zhong zuo shi wei suo zai, ming ri xu chu shi shi, ze zei shou yi zhi ting xia yi。 jia tong zao wei, yu an bian, yao yu ju, tong wen:“ cong bing an zai?” yue:“ yi ju。” ji chu jiu qi, jian jia shi san qian huan lie, chu bu wen ren ma sheng。

[ ping]

zhi kan cheng zhong su ran bu wen ji quan, bian zhi liu? bi neng sheng di; zhi kan jia shi san qian huan lie, chu bu wen ren ma sheng, bian zhi di bi bu neng fan cao wei。

【 yi wen】

bei song ren cao wei feng ming shu shou wei zhou shi cai shi jiu sui, you yi ci yu jin ren yi jiao yi zhan xiao sheng hou, jin ren ji lv bing tui zou, cao wei zhen zhi jin ren zou yuan hou, jiu yi tai cong rong de qu gan suo lve de jin ren de niu ma、 zi zhong fan hui ying di。 jin ren ting shuo cao wei jing hui wei tan de zhan li pin er tuo yan xing jun de su du, zai ting shuo jun dui de ji lv ye bu yan zheng, yu shi tu ran tiao zhuan jun dui xiang tu xi cao wei。

liang jun xiang ju bu yuan shi, cao wei pai ren gao su jin bing shuo:“ ni men da jun yuan lai, yi ding fei chang pi bei, ben shuai bu yuan chen ren zhi ji, qing da jun shao shi xiu xi, zai jue yi si zhan。” jin bing que shi gan dao fei chang pi kun, jiu xin ran da ying。 xiu xi yi duan shi jian hou, cao wei you pai ren dui jin bing shuo:“ xiu xi gou le, liang jun ke yi yi jiao yi zhan le。” yu shi ji gu jin jun, da po jin bing。

sheng li hou, cao wei dui shu xia shuo:“ jin ren yuan dao ru qin, qi shi yi lu pi tai, dan wo que gu yi rang ta men yi wei wo tan xiao li, er you shi ta men zai tiao zhuan da jun lai gong, zhe yi lai yi hui jiu jiang jin yi bai li de lu cheng, dan ruo shuang fang li ji yi jiao yi zhan, sheng fu reng nan duan ding。 zou yuan lu de ren, zai xiu xi yi duan shi jian hou, shuang jiao fan er geng wei suan ma, bu neng zhan li。 shi qi ye bian de lan san bu zhen, wo jiu chen zhe shi ji ji kui jin ren。”

cao wei dai bing shen de ren xin, jun zu jun le yu wei zhi xiao si, ping ri chu shi yi tai you xian, dan que neng yong bing ru shen。

you yi ci yan yin liao shu, jiu yan jin xing yi ban shi, cao wei tu ran li zuo, di er tian zhi jian cao wei reng ru ping ri ban xun shi ge bu dui, zhong ren que he ran fa xian zei shou yi zhi zai ting xia。

ling you yi ci, jia tong qian lai bai fang cao wei, xiang shi cha bian fang, yao cao wei yi qi xun shi, jia tong wen cao wei, shi bing men zai na er, cao wei hui da shi bing men dou yi lie dui zhun bei hao le, jia tong chu le ying zhang zhun bei shang ma shi, he ran jian san qian ming shi bing huan lie zhang wai, er shi xian jing ting bu dao yi dian ren ma sheng。

[ ping yi wen]

jin zhi jian shun chang cheng zhong yi pian ji jing, shen zhi ting bu dao ji ming quan fei sheng, jiu zhi dao liu? jun ji yan zheng, bi neng bai di; guang kan san qian zhuang bei qi quan de zhan shi huan lie zhang qian, mei you fa chu ren he sheng xiang, jiu zhi dao di ren da bu bai cao wei。

809、 di qing

【 yuan wen】

di qing[ zi han chen, fen zhou ren。] zai jing yuan, chang yi gua dang zhong。 mi ling jun zhong wen zheng yi sheng ze zhi, zai sheng ze yan zhen er yi? yi que, sheng zhi ji da hu chi tu。 shi zu jie ru jiao, cai yu di, wei jie, ju sheng zheng, shi zu jie zhi, zai sheng zai que。 lu da xiao yue:“ shu wei di tian shi yong?” zheng sheng zhi, hu qian tu zhi, lu bing da luan, xiang rou duo si。 zhui ben shu li, qian lin shen jian, lu hu yong e shan yu, qing ju ming zheng er zhi。 lu de yin qu, shi jiang zuo hui bu zhui ji, qing yue:“ ben ming zhi ji, hu zhi er ju wo, an zhi fei mou, jun yi da sheng, can kou bu zu tan ye。”

nong zhi gao fan yong zhou, zhao yi qing wei xuan fu shi ji zhi, huo yan:“ zei biao pai bu ke dang。” qing yue:“ biao pai, bu bing ye, yu qi bing bi bu neng shi, yuan de xi bian bo luo min zi cong。” huo you yan:“ nan fang fei qi bing suo yi。” qing yue:“ bo bu shan she, nai jian ku, shang xia shan ru ping di, dang zhang wei fa shi, ji chi po zhi, bi sheng zhi dao ye。” ji xing, ri bu guo yi yi, suo zhi zhou, zhe xiu shi yi ri。[ bian pi: wei zhan yang li。] zhi tan zhou, sui li xing wu, ming yue shu, jun ren you duo ni lv cai yi ba zhe, li zhan yi xun, yu shi yi jun su ran。 shi zhi gao hai shou yong zhou, qing ju kun lun guan xian? wei suo ju, nai an bing bu dong, xia ling bin zhou ju wu ri liang, xiu shi zu。 zhi shang yuan jie, ling da zhang deng zhu, shou ye yan jiang zuo, ci ye yan cong jun guan, san ye xiang jun xiao。 shou ye le yin che xiao, ci ye da feng yu, er gu shi, qing hu cheng bing, zan qi ru nei, jiu zhi, shi ren yu sun mian, ling zan zhu xi xing jiu, shao fu yao nai chu, shu shi quan lao zuo ke, zhi xiao, ke wei gan tui。 hu you chi bao zhe, yun:“ ye shi san gu, yuan shuai yi duo kun lun guan yi。”[ bian pi: zi ying zhong qie bu zhi, kuang di ren hu?] qing ji du, xi yue:“ zei bu zhi shou ci, wu neng wei ye。” yi jin yong zhou, zei fang jiao, ni zhan yu gui ren pu, qing deng gao wang zhi, zei ju po shang, wo jun bo zhi, qing shi bu zu ju qian, ni qi bing yu hou。 man shi xiao yong zhe dang qian, jin zhi chang??。 qian feng sun jie zhan bu li, si。 jiang shi wei qing, mo gan tui。[ bian pi: wei zhu jiang, bi bu wei di yi。] qing deng gao shan, zhi wu se qi, hui qi bing wei zuo you yi, chu qi hou, duan man jun wei san, xuan er ji zhi。 zuo zhe you, you zhe zuo, yi er you zhe fu zuo, zuo zhe fu you, zei bu zhi suo wei。 zei zhi biao pai jun, wei ma jun suo chong tu, jie bu neng zhu,?? li ru shu, wo jun you zong ma shang tie lian jia ji zhi, sui jie pi mi。 zhi gao fen cheng dun qu。

[ an]

shi yi, jian guan han jiang yan:“ qing wu ren, bu zu zhuan ren, qing yi shi cong wen chen wei zhi fu。”[ bian pi: gu qi ren he ru, qi zai wen wu!] shi pang ji du wei xiang,[ bian pi: que you ci ren。] dui yue:“ shu zhe wang shi lv bai, jie you da jiang qing, pian bi zi yong, bu neng zhi ye。 jin qing qi yu xing wu, ruo yi shi cong zhi chen fu zhi, hao ling fu bu de xing。 qing xi zai? yan, ju chen hui xia, chen yong you zhi lve, ruo zhuan yi zhi gao shi wei zhi, bi neng ban zei。”[ bian pi: bing fa, jiang neng er jun bu yu zhe sheng。] yu shi zhao ling nan yong bing, jie shou jie zhi。[ bian pi: cheng gong zai ci。] qing lin xing, shang yan:“ gu zhi fu guo zou kai, ge er bi ze you zhi, bu wen yi huo shou zhe, qin、 han yi lai, huo yi shou, ci jue yi ji, yin wei zhi‘ shou ji’。 gu jun shi zheng shou ji, yi zhi xiang sha。 you qi jian duo yi shou ji wei huo, shou yu wu gong bu zhan zhi ren,[ bian pi: ci cong lai da bi。] yuan yi qie jie ba zhi。” er tiao jie ming yan, ke wei ming jiang cheng gong zhi fa。

you qing xing shi, you yin gui jin qiu cong xing zhe。 qing wei zhi yue:“ jun yu cong xing shen shan, ran zhi gao xiao kou, zhi qian qing xing, ke yi zhi shi ji yi。 cong qing zhi shi, ji zei you gong, dang you hou shang; bu ran, jun zhong fa zhong, qing bu neng si, jun zi si zhi, yuan xing ze ji zou qu jun yi。” yu shi wu fu gan yan qiu cong xing zhe, ji ci yi jie, zhi qing neng chi fa, bi neng cheng gong。

you qing ji ru yong zhou, lian ji yi shi yi nei you yi jin long zhi yi zhe, you de jin long?J yu qi pang, huo yan“ zhi gao yi si,? ji zou!”? yue:“ an zhi fei?,?? shi zhi gao, gan qi chao ting ye?”

he? er shi, bu wei bu gan shi ren mao gong, ji ji yi bu gan mao bu ke zhi zhi gong。

【 yi wen】

bei song ming jiang di qing( fen zhou ren, zi han chen, zu shi wu xiang) xu shou jing yuan shi, chang neng yi gua ji zhong, shi di bu ce。 ta mi ling quan jun shi zu zai ting dao di yi sheng zheng yin shi quan jun su li, liang sheng zheng yin jiu gu yi tui que er shi ji shi yan zhen dai di, zheng sheng ting zhi, ze li ji da han xiang qian ben chi tu ji。 quan jun shi zu dou neng zun shou di qing de jiao ling。

you yi ci yu di lu xiang yu, shuang fang shang wei yi jiao yi shou, shi zu men tu ran ting jian yi sheng zheng yin, jiu quan jun zhi bu bu qian, liang sheng zheng yin xiang qi, zhi jian shi zu men wang hou tui, di lu da xiao shuo:“ shui shuo di qing yong wei, shuang fang hai mei yi jiao yi shou, jiu xia ling bu dui tui bing。” hua cai shuo wan, zhi ting zheng yin ting zhi, song bing tu ran chong xiang di zhen, di ren zhen shi da luan, jing xiang hu jian ta, si shang can zhong。 song bing cheng sheng zhui ji, di lu ben tao shu li hou, zai yi shan jian qian tu ran zhi bu bu zai ben tao, di qing li ji ming zheng er zhi, quan jun bu zai zhui ji, di lu de yi tao tuo。 shi hou, fu jiang men que hou hui dang shi mei you ji xu zhui ji luo bai de di lu, di qing shuo:“ wang ming ben tao de di ren, tu ran zhi bu er you xin yu wo jun dui kang, zen zhi zhe qi zhong mei you bie de zha mou? fan zheng wo jun yi da huo quan sheng, zhe xie can bing bai kou ye bu bi zai tan gong ji jiao le。”

you you yi ci, nong zhi gao( zeng jian nan tian guo) zai yong zhou mou pan, ren zong ming di qing wei xuan fu shi chu bing zheng tao。 you ren ren wei nong zhi gao de“ biao pai bing” rui bu ke dang, di qing shuo:“ biao pai shi nong zhi gao de bu bing, bu bing peng dao qi bing jiu wu fa chong fen fa hui zhan li, wo jiang zheng tiao xi bian de bo min bian wei bu wu。”

you you ren shuo:“ nan fang de di xing bu shi yi qi bing zuo zhan。” di qing shuo:“ bo ren shan yu she jian, neng chi ku nai lao, shang gao shan xia xian po, yi ru xing zou ping di, zhi yao chen zhe dang di zhang qi wei qi shi, kuai ma chi chong, yi ding neng po di。”

deng da jun chu fa zheng tao, mei tian xing jun de lu cheng bu chao guo yi ge yi zhan, mei dao yi zhou, di qing jiu xia ling shi zu xiu jia yi tian, wei zhan yang li。

lai dao tan zhou hou, di qing zhong xin zheng bian bu wu, ming ding jun ji。 you yi shi bing qiang le bai xing yi ba qing cai, di qing dang chang xia ling chu zhan, yu shi quan jun wu ren gan wei kang jun ling。

dang shi nong zhi gao ju shou yong zhou, di qing yin kun lun guan wei ju xian yao, hai pa bei nong zhi gao suo zhan ju, yu shi xian an bing bu dong, yi mian ming bin zhou zhun bei quan jun wu ri de jun liang, bing rang shi zu men jiu di xiu yang。

zhe shi zheng feng shang yuan jie, di qing ming ren zhang deng jie cai, di yi wan yan qing fu jiang, di er wan yan qing ge ying jun guan, di san wan yan qing ge ying jun li。 yan qing fu jiang de na wan, bin zhu huan yin zhi zhi tian ming po xiao, di er wan zheng peng shang da feng yu, da yue er gu shi fen, di qing tu ran xiang da jia shuo wei gan bu shu fu, zan shi li zuo ru nei shi。 guo le yi zhen zi, ming ren gao su sun mian, qing ta zan dai zhu ren zhao dai bin ke, deng fu guo yao xiu xi yi hui er jiu chu lai。 xi zhong, geng shu ci pai ren quan ke yin jiu, yi zhi dao tian liang, ke ren dou bu gan li xi gao ci。 zhe shi hu ran you ren qi zhe ma qian lai bing bao shuo:“ zuo ye san geng shi fen, yuan shuai yi gong zhan kun lun guan le。” zi ying zhong qie bu zhi, he kuang di ren?

di qing ji yi cheng gong de duo qu kun lun guan, hen gao xing de shuo:“ kun lun xian yao, zei ren bu zhi ju shou, ri hou xiang bi ye mei you duo da zuo wei le。”

di qing lv jun yi bi yi jin yong zhou shi, zei ren cai you suo jing jiao, liang jun yi jiao yi zhan yu gui ren pu, di qing zhan zai gao di guan kan liang fang yi jiao yi zhan de qing xing。 zei ren ju shou tu po, song jun jin yi bi yi, di qing ming bu bing wei qian feng, qi bing yin zang zai hou。 zei ren pai chu shan zhan zhe zai zhen qian shou zhi chang?? di yu, qian feng sun jie bu xing juan qu, jiang shi men wei yu di qing de jun ji yan ming, bu gan tui que。 di qing zhan zai gao di shang, shou zhi wu se qi, zhi hui qi bing fen bie cong zuo、 you、 hou san fang jiang zei ren dui wu jie cheng san duan, lun fan gong ji, you jun gong zuo, zuo jun gong you, bu jiu you yi jiao yi ti gong ji, zei ren gen ben nong bu qing chu song jun cong na ge fang xiang jin gong, er biao pai jun ye bei song jun qi bing chong san, gen ben wu fa fa hui zhan li。 zei ren de chang?? pai lie ru lin, song jun zai ma pi shang jia zhuang tie lian jia chong ji, yu shi zei bing kui san, nong zhi gao zhi you fen cheng tao yi。

[ an yi wen]

dang chu chu zheng qian, jian guan han jiang zeng shang yan:“ di qing shi ge wu ren, bu neng dan du dan ren da ren, qing ren ming wen chen zuo wei ta de fu shou。” dang shi zai xiang pang ji fan bo shuo:“ hai hao you zhe ge ren。 yi wang song jun lv zhan lv bai, dou shi you yu qing shi wu jiang, wen chen bu dong bing fa you gu zhi ji jian, gen ben wu fa zhi hui jun dui。 er di qing chu shen jun lv, ruo shi pai wen chen wei fu shuai, jun ling you wu fa guan che。 cong qian di qing zai? zhou zeng ren wo de bu shu, wei ren chen wen yong gan you mou lve, ruo neng jiang zheng tao nong zhi gao de da ren yi jiao yi fu gei ta, ta yi ding neng bu ru shi ming, ping ding luan zei。”

yu shi ren zong xia zhao, ci ci zheng fa ling nan de bing shi, quan dou shou di qing zhi hui。 di qing chu fa qian, ye zeng shang zou shuo:“ gu shi jiang shuai lv bing zuo zhan, wei ji li shi qi, zeng you yi ge di ren er duo、 bi zi yong lai ji shu zhan gong, que bu zeng you kan di ren shou ji zhi shi。 qin han yi lai, qu di ren yi ke tou lu, jiu ci jue wei yi ji, suo yi cheng wei‘ shou ji’。 xian zai yan bian dao jun shi zheng duo di ren shou ji, da jia dou ou、 zi xiang can sha de dou you, shen zhi ba di jun de nao dai dang cheng huo wu, mai gei na xie mei you jin li zuo zhan de ren。 xi wang neng fei chu zhe zhong shang gong de zhi du。”

ling wai, di qing chu fa qian, you quan gui ren shi qing qiu tong xing。 di qing gao su ta men shuo:“ xian sheng xiang yao sui jun chu zheng ling ren pei fu, dan nong zhi gao zhi shi xiao mao zei, zhi yu pai wo di qing zheng tao zhi yin shi qing jin ji。 zai zhe fan shi sui wo chu zheng zhe, ruo shi jin li sha zei, bi you zhong shang; fou ze yi lv an jun fa lun chu, bu neng xun si。 qing xian sheng zai san si, ruo hai shi yuan yi sui jun chu zheng, di qing li ji qing zou huang shang zhun xian sheng tong xing。” yu shi zai mei you ren gan sui bian yao qiu tong xing, jin jiu zhe yi jian shi, jiu zhi dao di qing neng yan shou fa ji, ri hou bi neng cheng gong。

ling you yi jian shi, di qing po yong zhou hou, sou zha zhou fu shi, you ren fa xian you ge shen chuan jin long yi de ren, shen pang hai you yi fu ke you jin long tu an de dun pai, yu shi cai ce nong zhi gao si le, xiang li ke bing zou huang di qing gong, di qing zu zhi shuo:“ zhe yi qie zen zhi bu shi zei ren gu yi an pai de zha mou, ning ke wu ren nong zhi gao hai huo zhe, zen ke bu jia zha zheng er mao ran qi pian chao ting?”

zong guan zhe liang jian shi, jiu zhi dao di qing bu dan bu gan rang ren mao gong qiu shang, ji shi zi ji ye bu gan mao bu neng que ding zhi gong。

8!”0、 wang yue

【 yuan wen】

wang yue fu da tong。 yi ri da xue, fang zuo di lu, shi zhu ji bao pi pa peng shang shi, er yi qian hu? lu hai, ji zhao ru, yu tan lu shi shen xi, da xi, yue:“ han yi!” shou jin zhi yin zhi。 fu tan ze yi xi, ming xian pi pa er you jiu, ji bing jin zhi yu zhi。[ bian pi: gao。] yi you tan, ze you xi, zhi ji zhong zui shu li zhe yue:“ yu zhi hu? yi qi ru。”[ bian pi: geng gao。] zi shi qian hu suo zhi wei xiao si li, ji gong zhi zhi hui。 qi ye xi lu zhang, jiang zhi, feng bao qi, chen yi mu, zhong huo yu gui, yi lao zu qian yue:“ tian zan wo ye! qu er feng, shi lu bu jiao。 gui er zu yu lu ren lve zhe hai, er wo ju shang you。 jie shi feng ye!” yue bu jiao xia ma bai。 gong cheng, tui zu gong yi wei qian hu。[ bian pi: jin ren shui ken?]

[ ping]

ping cai cheng xue, duo kun guan cheng yu, po da tong lu cheng feng, er jie yi ye, suo wei chu qi bu yi ye。 wei ning en jie qian hu, shi da shou duan, zhi tui gong xiao zu, ji huai yi? yi bei mian zuo che, yi he yi jia ci! wen chen zhong na de ci deng kuai shi! qi xiong lve you chu han xiang yi、 yang wen xiang shang yi, bai chen yue he gan wang zhi! er e chou yi“ liang yue” wei xi, lao、 han tong chuan, fei gong lun ye!

【 yi wen】

ming chao shi wang yue( zi shi chang, feng wei ning bo) chu ren da tong xun fu。

yi tian, tian xia da xue, wang yue gang zuo zai di lu bian, ming ge ji men dan zou pi pa shi hou yin jiu shi, zheng qiao you yi qian hu( guan ming, zhang bing qian ming) you lu di zhen cha di qing hui lai, wang yue li ji zhao ta ru fu, zai xi de xun wen ta you guan lu di de qing shi, xin qing yu kuai de shuo:“ hao leng de tian ya!” shou chi jin jiu bei bian he bian tan, you ming ge ji dan zou pi pa zuo jiu。

liang ren yu tan yu gao xing, wang yue jiu shun shou ba jin bei song gei qian hu, jie zhe liang ren you tian nan di bei de hua jia chang, qi fen yu kuai, wang yue zhi zhe ge ji zhong zui mei yan de yi wei dui qian hu shuo:“ xi huan ma? song gei ni。” cong ci qian hu dui wang yue jie jin zhong cheng de xiao ming, hou lai lei guan zhi zhi hui guan。

mou ye, wang yue ming ren tu xi di ren ying di, kuai dao da shi, tu ran gua qi feng bao, rang ren yan jing dou zheng bu kai, zhong ren dou jiao de shi ji bu dui xiang hui ying。 you yi ming lao bing shang qian shuo:“ zhe shi tian zhu wo jun ye! wo men lai dao di ying, tian gua da feng rang di jun shou wei wu fa cha jiao wo men qin ru, deng dao wo men wan cheng ren wu gui ying, zheng hao yu shang ru cheng lve duo de di jun, er wo men wei yu shang feng chu, shun feng er xing, di ren que ni feng er xing, zhe shi feng zhu wo jun ye。”

wang yue yi ting li ji xia ma bai xie, de sheng hou, li ke sheng xiao bing wei qian hu。

[ ping yi wen]

li? yi jiang tao fu qiang? meng luan?? yi lou laoヂ yu jue qiang zhu xuan cou?? liang jiao pin po? you qian mao┓ shu? sou? wo jie po ji qiang? mi gu qiao huang? shaiΑU? qiao??ldquo; chu qi bu yi” a! wei ning bo shi en qian hu, shi fei chang gao ming de shou wan, er qie neng gou ba gong lao gui yu xiao zu de qi du, bi zhi dang nian han xin bai fu li zuo che ye hao bu xun se。 zai yi ban wen chen zhi zhong, na neng duo jian zhe deng hao shuang ren wu? ta de xiong cai da lve yu po li, yuan chao chu han yong( shi xiang yi) he yang yi qing( shi wen xiang)。 ji shi yi bai ge chen yue zhe yang de ren wu ye gan bu shang。

er xiang e chou( ming chao huang gong zhong yi wei shan yu shuo xiao de huan guan bie ming) zai xi qu zhong ba“ liang yue”( zhi wang yue he chen yue。 chen yue zeng ren liao dong xun fu, yin fu quan huan wang zhi, wei shi lun gong ji; wang yue yi fu wang zhi, suo yi you ci fu hui) bing cheng, zhe he《 shi ji》 zhong ba lao zi yu han fei zi lie wei yi chuan yi yang, dou shi bu gong ping de。

8!”!”、 er zhu rong

【 yuan wen】

ge rong ju bing xiang jing shi, zhong bai wan。 xiang zhou ci shi li shen juan bi men zi shou。 er zhu rong lv yi jing yi qi qi qian, ma jie you fu, bei dao jian xing, dong chu fu kou。 ge rong lie zhen shu shi li, ji zhang er jin。 rong qian jun shan gu wei qi bing, fen du jiang yi shang san ren wei yi chu, chu you shu bai qi, ling suo zai yang chen gu zao, shi zei bu ce duo shao, you yi ren ma yi bi yi zhan, dao bu ru bang, mi le jun shi, ma shang ge ji xiu bang yi mei, zhi zhan shi, lv fei teng zhu, bu ting zhan ji,[ bian pi: zhan ji da wu shi。] shi yi bang bang zhi er yi。 hao ling yan ming, jiang shi tong fen, rong shen zi xian zhen, chu yu di hou, biao li he ji, da po zhi, qin ge rong, yu zhong lv jiang。 rong yi zei tu ji zhong, ruo ji fen xia, kong qi yi ju, nai pu ling ge cong suo le, qin shu xiang sui, ren suo ju zhi。 yu shi qun qing xi yue, shu shi wan zhong, yi chao san jin。 dai chu bai li zhi wai, nai shi fen dao ya ling, sui bian an zhi, xian de qi yi。 zhuo qi qu shuai, liang cai shou yong, xin fu zhe xian an。 shi ren fu qi chu fen ji su。

【 yi wen】

wei jin nan bei chao shi ge rong ju zhong bai wan, chao jing shi jin bing。 xiang zhou ci shi li shen juan( hou wei ren, xiao zhuang di shi, ren li bu shang shu) jin bi cheng men jian shou bu zhan。

er zhu rong( zi tian bao) lv yi jing yi rui qi bing qi qian ren, dai zhe bei yong de ma pi, ri ye gan lu dong chu fu kou fu yuan。 ge rong de jun zhen mian chang shu shi li, you liang ji wei cheng ji xing qian jin。 er zhu rong an zhong zai shan gu mai fu xi bing, ling wai yi mei san ming du jiang wei yi ren wu bian zu, fu ze zhi hui shu bai qi bing, ming ta men zai ge zi de shou bei wei zhi, ce ma chi cheng, yang qi chen tu、 da sheng han jiao, rang zei ren nong bu qing chu ji fang dao di you duo shao bing li。

wei le zheng qu zhu dong, er zhu rong tiao dong ren ma jin xing jie jin zhan, you wei le gu lv ren zai ma shang dui bu bing zuo zhan, dao jian bu ru gun bang bian jie, bing ke bi mian da jia zheng gong, qiang zhan shou ji, er zhu rong an zhong xia ling, mei ming qi bing pei bei xiu bang yi zhi, yu shuang fang yi jiao yi zhan shi, wu xu kan xia nao dai, yong bang bang da。

hao ling ji yi yan zheng, jiang shi qi shi ru hong, yi sheng ling xia, er zhu rong geng qin zi chong ru di zhen, you di zhen de hou mian yu guan jun qian hou jia sha, zhong yu da po zei ren, qin huo ge rong。 ge rong de bu zhong ye fen fen fang xia wu qi tou jiang。

er zhu rong jian ge rong bu zhong ren shu tai duo, ruo shi li ji xia ling fen bie guan xia, pa zei ren xin sheng yi ju zai sheng bian, yu shi xia ling zhong ren ke zi xing xuan ze bu wu, huo yu qin you xiang ju, bu xian zhi xing dong, ming ling gong bu hou, ren ren huan xin bu yi, shu shi wan ren zai yi tian zhi nei dou zheng bian wan bi。 deng da jun xing dao bai li wai hou, cai you zai zhong xin zhao ge ren cai neng, tiao jian zu bian, er zei ren de jiang ling ye dou liang cai ren yong, shi de gui shun de zei ren dou neng an xin。

dang shi ren ren cheng zan er zhu rong chu li shi qing ming kuai guo jue。

8!”2、 liu yi jiang yi

【 yuan wen】

jian wen san nian qi yue, ping an zi zhen ding lv bing gong bei ping, ying yu ping cun, li cheng wu shi li, rao qi geng mu。 shi zi du zhong gu shou。 shang wen bei ping bei wei, zhao liu yi jiang yi [ xiu qian ren] wen ce。 yi jiang yi kang kai qing xing, sui yu shang yue yue:“ chen zhi bei ping, yi pao xiang wei hao, yi ci pao xiang, ze jue wei; er ci ze jin cheng。 ruo bu wen di san ci pao xiang, ze chen zhan si yi。 chen ruo de ru cheng, shou cheng zhe wen jiu zhi, yong qi zi bei, yi ling jun shi ren dai shi pao, qi san ci pao xiang hou, wei dian zhe fang pao chang bu jue sheng, ze yuan jin jie wei da jun ji zhi, ping an bi hai san yi。” yi jiang yi sui jin bing, yu an zhan, xi ru qi ce, da bai zhi。

yong le shi qi nian, yi jiang yi wei zuo dou du, zhen shou liao dong, xun shi zhu dao, xiang du di xing, yi jin zhou wei jin xian dao xi bei zhi wang hai guo, di gao ke wang, zhu dao kou suo bi you, shi bin hai jin hou zhi di, qing zhu cheng bao, li yan? ta song?R huang zha? su kuang?ldquo; dong nan ye ju huo you guang”, yi jiang yi ji kou jiang zhi, ji qian ma bu guan jun fu guo shang xiao bao bei zhi, ling kao shi mo ma, lve bu wei yi; yi dou zhi hui xu gang fu bing yu shan xia, bai hu jiang long shuai zhuang shi qian shao zei chuan, jie qi gui lu, nai yu zhi yue yue:“ qi ju pao ming, fu bing fen ji。 bu yong ming zhe, zhan!”

yi ri wo zei er qian yu ren, cheng hai? zhi yi bi yi guo xia deng an, yu guan er xing, ru ru wu ren zhi jing, yi jiang yi bei fa ju qi ming pao, fu bing jin qi, wei liang yi er jin, zei da bai, heng yi shi yi cao mang, yu zhong ben ying tao yuan kong bao zhong。 guan bing huan er gong zhi, jiang shi yu ru bao jiao sha, yi jiang yi bu xu, gu kai xi bi yi zong zhi, bi liang yi jia ji, sheng qin shu bai, zhan shou qian yu ji, you dun ru? zhe, xi wei long suo fu, wu yi ren de mian。 shi hai, zhu jiang qing yue:“ ming gong jian di, yi si an xian。 ji lin zhen pi kai er zhan, zhui zei ru bao, bu sha er zong zhi, he ye?”

yi jiang yi yue:“ kou yuan lai bi ji qie lao, wo yi yi dai lao, yi bao dai ji, gu bing jia zhi li zhi fa er。 zei shi yu guan er lai, cheng chang she zhen, gu zuo zhen wu zhen yi zhen fu zhi。 zei ji ru bao, you si zhi xin, wo shi gong zhi, ning wu shang hu? gu zong zhi chu lu er hou yan ji, ji wei cheng bi que zhi yi er。 ci jie zai bing fa, zhu jun wei cha hu?”

【 yi wen】

ming hui di jian wen san nian qi yue, ping an( xiao ming bao er, wei ming tai zu yang zi) cong zhen ding lv bing jin gong bei ping, da jun zhu zha zai ping cun, ping cun li bei ping zhi you wu shi li lu, ping an de bu zhong chang chang qin rao dang di bai xing de geng mu。 shi zi lv zhong ren jian shou fang wei。 hui di ting shuo bei ping bei bao yi pi wei, zhao liu yi jiang yi ( chu ming yi jiang yi , hou gai wei rong, ji wo ren you gong, feng guang ning bo) ru gong xun wen dui ce。

liu yi jiang yi qing qiu hui di da ying ta lv bing jiu yuan, bing qie yu hui di yue ding:“ chen dao bei ping hou, yi pao sheng wei xin hao, di yi sheng pao xiang biao shi chen yi po wei, di er sheng pao xiang biao shi chen zheng lv bing ru cheng, ruo shi ting bu dao di san sheng pao xiang, jiu biao shi chen yi jing zhan si。 ruo shi chen neng shun li ru cheng, shou cheng de bing zu ting dao yuan bing lai, zi ran yong qi bai bei, zhe shi jiu ming jun shi xie dai shi mei pao dan, deng di san ci pao sheng xiang guo hou, ling dian hou de bu dui, yi mei jie yi mei fa pao, rang yuan jin dou ren wei yuan jun yuan yuan bu duan de kai dao, ru ci yi lai, ping an yi ding kong ju hai pa er kui san。”

liu yi jiang yi yu shi lv bing jin gong, yi qie zhao ta yu hui di suo yue ding de, guo zhen da bai ping an。

ming cheng zu yong le shi qi nian, liu yi jiang yi guan zuo dou du, zhen shou liao dong, zeng xun shi fu jin ge dao, zhen cha di xing, fa xian jin zhou wei de jin xian dao xi bei de wang hai guo, di shi gao, shi ye liao kuo, qie shi wang lai ge dao jian hai kou bi jing zhi di, wei zhi xian yao, yu shi qing qiu xiu zhu cheng bao she li? wang tai。

yi tian,? wang yuan bao gao shuo:“ dong nan fang zai ye wan you huo guang chu xian。” liu yi jiang yi cai ce zhe shi wo kou jin bing de xian zhao, li ji pai qian bing ma zeng yuan cheng bao jie bei, yi mian kao shang shi bing, biao xian chu yi fu mei ba wo kou fang zai yan li de zi tai; ling yi mian ming dou zhi hui shi xu gang lv bing zai shan xia mai fu, bing ming bai hu chang jiang long dai ling yong shi an zhong shao hui wo chuan, zu duan wo kou de tui lu。 liu yi jiang yi yu ge jun yue ding, yi qi ju fa pao wei xin hao, suo you mai fu de shi bing, tong shi xian shen gong ji, you shui gan bu fen yong zuo zhan de, yi lv an jun fa lun zhan。

di er tian, wo kou er qian duo ren, cheng zuo hai qiu( zhan chuan ming) zhi yi bi yi wang hai guo。 shang an hou wo bing yu guan er xing, jiu xiang jin ru wu ren zhi jing。 liu yi jiang yi chu qi bu yi di ju qi ming pao, mai fu de shi bing jin chu, you liang yi bao yi pi jia wo kou, wo bing da bai, heng yi shi yi shan ye, can yu de wo kou kui tao ru bao zhong ying tao yuan。 quan jun de shi bing bao yi pi wei cheng bao gong ji, jiang shi men xiang chong ru bao zhong jiao mie wo bing, liu yi jiang yi que bu da ying, gu yi che qu xi bian de wei bing, hao rang wo bing tu wei tao yi。 zhe shi cai ming guan jun, you liang ji bao yi pi jia, sheng qin shu bai wo kou, ling wai sha si shu qian ren, ye you wo kou xiang deng zhan chuan tao zou, ye dou bei jiang long qin huo, wu yi ren neng xing mian。

de sheng hui lai hou, zhu jiang wen liu yi jiang yi shuo:“ yuan shuai ting shuo wo bing lai fan, biao xian chu yi fu yi tai an xian de yang zi, dan dui di ying zhan shi, yuan shuai you biao xian de yong meng wei wu, deng dao wo bing kui tao dun ru cheng bao, yuan shuai que bu dan bu xu wo jun ru bao zhui sha, fan er wang kai yi mian ren qi tao yi, zhe shi shen me yuan yin?”

liu yi jiang yi shuo:“ wo kou yuan dao er lai, shi zu yi ding you e you lei, wo jun yi yi dai lao, yi bao dai ji, zhe shi bing jia bi sheng zhi dao。 wo bing gang deng an ru shan shi, pai cheng yi lie, yu guan er xing, suo yi wo xia ling quan li gong ji, wei zhen di bing。 deng wo bing tao jin cheng bao, yi you pin si yi zhan de jue xin, wo jun ru guo gong bao, nan bao mei you shang wang, suo yi che qu xi bian wei bing, hao yin you wo bing tu wei, er hou zai zhui ji, zhe jiu shi‘ wei cheng bi que’ le, zai bing fa shu shang dou you, zhu wei mei you kan guo ma?”

8!”3、 ma long

【 yuan wen】

jin tai shi zhong, liang zhou ci li yang xin shi qiang rong zhi he, ma long chen qi bi bai。 e er xin bai hou, he xi duan jue。 di mei you xi gu zhi you, lin chao tan yue:“ shui neng wei wo tao ci lu, tong liang zhou zhe。” long jin yue:“ bi xia ruo neng ren chen, chen neng ping zhi。” di yue:“ bi neng mie zei, he wei bu ren, gu qing fang lve he ru er?” long yue:“ bi xia ren chen, dang ting chen zi ren,[ bian pi: ming yan。] chen qing mu yong shi san qian ren, wu wen suo cong lai。 lv zhi gu xing er xi, bing bi xia wei de, chou lu bu zu mie ye。” nai yi long wei wu wei tai shou。 gong qing qian wei bu yi heng she shang mu, di bu ting, long mu xian yao yin yi nu yi san shi liu jun、 gong si jun, li biao jian shi, zi dan zhi shen, de san qian wu bai ren, long yue:“ zu yi。” yin qing zi zhi wu ku xuan zhang, bing gei san nian jun zi,[ bian pi, yao jin。] long sui xi du yi wen yi shui, lu shu ji neng deng zhong wan xu, cheng xian e long, huo she fu yi jue long hou。 long yi“ ba zhen tu” zuo pian xiang che, di guang ze wei lu jiao che ying, lu xia ze wei mu wu shi yu che shang, qie zhan qie qian, gong shi suo ji, ying xian er dao。 qi mou jian fa, chu di bu yi, zhuan zhan qian li, he xi sui tong。

【 yi wen】

jin wu di tai shi nian jian, liang zhou ci shi yang xin yu qiang rong fa sheng chong tu, ma long yu ce yang xin yi ding hui shi bai。 bu jiu, guo ran chuan lai yang xin zhan si de xiao xi, qiang rong yin ci zu duan le tong wang he xi de tong lu。

wu di wei ci you lv bu yi, you yi ci zai zao chao shi zeng tan xi shuo:“ you shui neng wei zhen zheng tao qiang rong, da tong yu liang zhou zhi jian de tong lu a?” ma long qi zou shuo:“ bi xia ruo shi neng xin ren wei chen, yi jiao yi fu tao man zhong ren, wei chen yi ding neng tao ping qiang rong。” wu di shuo:“ ru guo xian qing you ba wo yi ding neng ping man, zhen wei shen me bu neng jiang zhong ren tuo fu gei xian qing? xi wang neng ting ting xian qing you he dui ce。” ma long shuo:“ bi xia ji jiang zhong ze tuo fu wei chen, yi qie dang ting chen an pai。 chen qing zhao mu san qian ming yong shi, bu wen chu shen lai li, zhi yao neng wei bi xia jie zhong jin li, wei chen jiu dai ling ta men wang xi zheng rong。 man rong you you shen me ke pa!” wu di da ying ma long de qing qiu, ren ming ta wei wu wei tai shou。 chao zhong qing da fu men dou ren wei bu tuo, bu ying gai ge wai yi zhong shang zhao mu shi zu, wu di bu ting。

ma long gui ding ying mu de yong shi yao neng la kai san shi liu jun( jun wei zhong liang ming, yi jun san shi jin, si jun wei yi shi) de gong, ji fa she zhong da si jun de jian, ma long she zhi ba biao ce shi, cong zao dao wan yi gong mu de yong shi san qian wu bai ren。 ma long shuo:“ ren shu gou le。” jie zhe qing qiu neng zi xing dao jun xie ku tiao xuan he yong de wu qi, bing yao qiu fa gei gou san nian yong de hou qin wu zi。

ma long sui ji lv bing xi du yi wen yi shui, qiang rong lv zhong wan ren e shou xian yao, ying zhan ma long, shen er mai fu xi bing xiang zu duan ma long de bu gei。 ma long yi zhao ba zhen tu( ci zhi zhu ge liang suo zuo, you dong dang zhen, zhong huang zhen, long teng zhen, niao xiang zhen, lian heng zhen, wo ji zhen, hu yi zhen, zhe chong zhen deng), zuo pian xiang che( zhan che ming, mei che ke zai yi liang qi xie, pei you?? pao gong yi nu yi dao pai jia shi gong shi ren), zai kuan guang de di xing jiu yong lu jiao che( bing che ming), peng dao xia zhai de lu mian jiu zai che shang jia she mu wu, yi bian yu qiang ren zuo zhan, yi bian xiang he xi tui jin, di ren fen fen ying xian er dao。 ma long hai chang chang chu di bu yi de fa dong qi bing gong ji qiang rong, jiu zhe yang zhuan zhan qian li, zhong yu da tong jin yu he xi jian de tong lu。

8!”4、 tao lu

【 yuan wen】

tian shun chu, han xiang yi gong zheng guang dong dong zei, you qi xian zu nan xia, fang shi chou chu, shi xin hui cheng tao lu zhi shan zai ce, gong gu zhi, wen yue:“ cheng chuai wo he yi?” lu yue:“ de fei mou zei ye?” yong yue:“ ran, cheng neng wei wo ji zei fou?” yue:“ fei zhi neng, qie yi er。”[ bian pi: han gong yi ren, fei da yan bu zu yi dong zhi。] gong nu yue:“ wu bu xia wen wu bai qian ren, shu shi wu ke dang wu ji zhe,[ bian pi: zhen wu dang。] ruo wang yan, he chi!” lu bu bai, kang yan yue:“ fu zei nan gong zhe, fei zei nan ye, wo nan qi gong zei zhe ye。 gong te wei xi wo neng er。” gong yi zhi, gai rong wen yue:“ ruo suo jiang ji he er ban?” yue:“ san bai ren zu yi。” gong yue:“ he shao ye?” yue:“ bing zai yi jing yi bu zai duo。” gong yue:“ wei ru ze。” lu nai biao shi yue:“ shu neng li ju bai jun, shi she er bai bu zhe。” jun shi fan shi wu wan, qi bi yu shi zhe, cai er bai wu shi ren, yue:“ wei ye。” fu xia ling mu shu ri, shi zu, lu nai wei bie jiang, ri cao lian zhen fa, lao yi niu jiu, gan ku gong zhi。 shi le wei si, lv yi xian deng, da po zei, zhan shou wu suan, suo de zei xue zhong jin bo, xi fen gei san bai ren, ji wu yu zhe。[ bian pi: yao jin。] zei wen tao jia jun zhi, bu dun ji jiang, wu gan kang。 yu you zhi:“ yi fu jue, wan fu bi。” kuang san bai ren hu?

[ shu ping]

jin sai xia zheng bing, dong shu shi wan, qi zhong qi wu san bai ren zai! shui wei lu zhe? ji you lu, shui wei yong lu zhe? yi! wang?m zhou yun:“ lu ji ming nei yun, er shen guan bu zu, xian shi duo bu zhi。 huo cong ling、 wei lie jian shang guan, shi shi hun shui, sui du bang bu xu ye。 han gong wei yan ni wang zhe, san si chang li jian, chang gui bai shi, she song shi cuo。 lu shi zhi, ruo bu wei yi, cheng yi ren zai!” shi zai jin ri, xian yi bu zhi shi、 bu jing shang guan ba qu jiu yi, shu zhi ci cheng zhi you yong ru shi hu?

【 yi wen】

ming ying zong tian shun chu nian, han yong chu bing zheng tao guang dong dong zei( zhong guo xi nan man yi, ji dong yao), yin dong man ju shou xian yao, yi shi nan yi gong ke。

you yi tian, zheng zai chi fan shi, han yong xiang dao wu fa tu po mu qian kun jing fan nao bu yi。 zheng qiao, xian cheng tao lu( zi zi qiang, you zhi mou, shan yu an fu shi zu, lv jian qi gong) ye zai yi pang yong fan, han yong zhuan tou wen ta:“ xian cheng ke zhi ben shuai zai xiang shen me ma?” tao lu shuo:“ wu fei shi po man bai dong de dui ce。” han yong shuo:“ dui, xian cheng neng wei ben shuai ji bai dong man ma?” tao lu da:“ xiao cheng bu dan neng wei yuan shuai ping man, er qie qing er yi ju。” han yong sheng qi de shuo:“ ben shuai xia you wen wu bu shu bu xia qian bai ren, ye zeng zai xi guan cha, zhao bu dao yi ge ke yi tuo fu zhong ren de ren。 ni ruo yi hu yi yan luan yu, jiu jie shou bian da de chu fen。”

tao lu yi ting, bing mei you xia gui xie zui, fan er shen bian shuo:“ nan ke di, bing bu shi di ren nan ke, er shi nan zai wo men zhao bu chu ke di de ren, yuan shuai zhi shi bu ming bai wo de ben ling, bu shi wo gu yi yi hu yi yan luan yu。” han yong ting le tao lu de jie shi da gan jing yi, yu shi shen qing yan su de wen dao:“ xian cheng ping man xu yao duo shao bing ma?” tao lu da:“ san bai ren zu gou le。” han yong shuo:“ wei shen me bing li zhe me shao?” tao lu da:“ bing zai yi jing yi liang bu zai ren duo。” han yong shuo:“ ren ping xian cheng tiao xuan。”

yu shi tao lu gong gao bi shi lu qu de liang ge biao zhun: neng tu shou ju zhong bai jun, she jian neng yuan da er bai bu。 han yong bu zhong you shi wu wan ren, jing guo bi shi he ge zhe cai er bai wu shi ren。 tao lu shuo:“ ren shu bu gou。” yu shi zai xia ling zhao mu, jing guo ji tian, cai mu zu suo xu de ren shu。

tao lu ling li fu jiang, ri ye cao lian zhen fa, mei tian yi jiu rou wei lao shou xun de shi bing, yu ta men tong gan gong ku, shi zu dou gan xin wei ta xiao ming。 gong cheng shi tao lu de yong shi yi ju xian deng, da po yi man, qi si shang wu fa ji shu, suo lu huo de jin yin, si bo quan bu fen gei san bai yong shi, zi ji si hao bu qu。

er hou man yi yi ting tao jia jun zhi, wu xu yi jiao yi shou jiu zi dong tou jiang, wu ren gan yu tao jia jun dui kang, zheng shi suo wei“ yi ren bao bi si zhi xin, wan fu dou fen fen zou bi”, geng he kuang shi san bai ren dou bao bi si zhi xin ne?

[ shu ping yi wen]

jin tian( ming chao) tao fa man yi, dong zhe chu bing shu shi wan, nan dao qi zhong zhao bu chu san bai ming bao ding bi si yi zhan de yong shi? zhi shi shui neng xiang tao lu na ban dai bing ne? ji shi you xiang tao lu zhe yang de ren cai, you you shui hui zhong yong ta ne? ai! wang?m zhou shuo:“ tao lu zu zhi duo mou, dan wai biao que kan bu chu lai, zhi li xian zheng chang huang fei zheng wu, yu zhong guan lie dui jin jian chang guan shi, chang da ke shui, ji shi ti xing ta, ta ye hao bu zai yi。 han yong zhi jun hao ling yan ming, ben ren geng shi ju you wang zhe wei yi, yi ban guan yuan jian le ta, zong shi gui zhe xiang ta bao gao, yi fu shou zu shi cuo de yang zi。 dan tao lu que reng man bu jing xin, shi zai shi guai ren! jia shi tao lu sheng zai jin tian, zao jiu yin wei huang fei zheng wu、 bu jing chang guan er bei mian zhi le, shui hui zhi dao zhe yang de xian cheng you ru ci de cai gan?

8!”5、 han yong

【 yuan wen】

tian shun chu, liang guang luan, han gong yong wang tao。 shi ci da teng xia, dao ai, pang jia shui tian。 you ru sheng、 li lao shu bai ren, gui chi xiang yue:“ wo bei ku zei jiu yi, jin xing tian bing zhi, de wei liang min, yuan xian san jun feng。” gong ju chi yue:“ shi jie zei ye, wei wo fu zhan zhi。” zuo you chu yi yi。 ji fu er mei zhong li ren chu, nai xi duan jing, jie shou zu, ku chang wei, fen gua qing ji zhong, lei lei xiang shu, zei da jing ju。

gong chang chu bing, ling wu gu zhan, jiang ling wen zei yi jiao, kong chi shi shi, er geng ji fa, da po zhi。 gong shang qi gong, er wen yi wei ling zhi zui, yi jun ling dang zhan, nai ju wen qing shi, yue:“ wan yi bu yong ming er bai, nai he?” ren wei gong de jiang jiang zhi ti。

[ ping]

jie ting ma su、 hao shui chuan ren fu zhi bai, jie yi wei ling zhi zhi。 bi bu tan gong, er hou gong cheng yu wan quan, gong zhi lv yuan yi。

【 yi wen】

ming ying zong tian shun chu nian, liang guang jing nei you dao fei zuo luan, han yong lv bing ping luan。 da jun lai dao da teng xia shi, qian mian lu mian xia zhai, lu liang pang jin shi shui tian, zhi jian you shu bai ming shu sheng da ban de bai xing he qi lao, shou chi an xiang gui zai lu pang, jian le han yong shuo:“ wo men shou fei dao qin rao, sheng huo kun ku yi jing you yi duan hen chang de shi ri le, jin tian zong suan lao tian you yan, pai tian bing lai jie jiu wo men, you zai neng hui dao wang ri ping jing de sheng huo, yin ci wo men yuan yi wei da jun ling lu xiao mie fei dao, wei da jun qian feng。” han yong da sheng nu chi shuo:“ ni men zhe xie zei ren, tong tong gei wo na xia zhan shou。” zuo you qi chu dui han yong de ming ling hai you xie chi yi, deng dao cong ta men shou xiu zhong chou chu bing qi hou cai shen xin bu yi, yu shi kan xia zei ren de nao dai, si zhi, wa chu ta men de gan fei, fen bie gua zai shu zhi shang, zei ren jian le, da wei jing ju ju sang。

you yi ci han yong xia ling shi bing wu geng chu ji, er jiang ling men ting shuo zei ren yi you jing jiao, wei kong ye chang meng duo, yan wu shi ji, suo yi er geng shi fen jiu fa bing, da po zei bing。 shi hou, han yong an gong xing shang, ran er wen dao wei kang jun ling de zui ze shi, han yong que xia ling jiang wei ling zhe zhan shou, jiang ling qing qiu jie shi yuan yin, xi wang neng yu yi she mian。 han yong shuo:“ zhe ci ruo bu shi yin wei jun shi neng fen yong ying zhan, shi bai le gai zen me shuo?” you ren shuo, han yong shen de dai jiang zhi dao。

[ ping yi wen]

ma su( san guo shu han ren, zi you chang, yu wei jiang zhang? zhan yu jie ting, yin wei kang zhu ge liang jun ling er da bai。 tui shou han zhong, xia yu er si) jie ting zhi yi, ren fu( song ren, zi? zhi) hao shui chuan zhi yi, dou shi yin wei kang jun ling er shi bai de。 shen wei jiang shuai neng bu tan gong cai neng li yu bu bai zhi di, han yong zhi jun ke shuo shi si lv shen yuan。

8!”6、 li ji long

【 yuan wen】

chun hua zhong, li ji peng wei ding nan jun jie du shi, yi? yi yu di ji qian mou pan。 chao ting qian li ji long lv bing tao zhi。 ji long ye ru sui zhou, yu jing xi xia zhou。 huo wei xia zhou zei shuai suo zai, wo bing shao, kong bu neng ke, bu ruo xian ju shi bao yi guan zei shi。 ji long yue:“ bu ran, wo bing ji shao, ruo jing ru xia zhou, chu qi bu yi, bi yi wei neng liao wo zhong gua; ruo xian ju shi bao, zhong gua yi lu, qi neng fu jin?” nai yin bing chi ru fu ning xian, ji peng you wei jiao。 sui jin gong xia zhou, ji peng lang bei chu ying, qin zhi yi gui。

【 yi wen】

bei song tai zong chun hua nian jian, li ji peng( xi xia ren, tai ping xing guo nian jian lv zu ren ru chao cheng chen, song tai zong shou jie du shi, ci xing ming zhao bao zhong) shou ming wei ding nan jun jie du shi, an zhong que yu di di li ji qian( li ji peng zu di。 ji peng gui shun song chao hou, ji qian dun tao, liao ren ce li wei xia guo wang, song ming ji peng zheng tao wu gong, yu shi zhao jiang, ci xing ming zhao bao ji) gou jie tu mou fan pan。

chao ting ming li ji long( zi ba tu, lv jian zhan gong) lv bing ping luan。 li ji long di da sui zhou shi yi shi ye wan, xiang zhi jie xi ji xia zhou。 you xie jiang ling ren wei, xia zhou shi pan zei de da ben ying, wo jun bing li bo ruo, kong pa nan yi qu sheng, bu ru xian zhan ling shi bao, le jie di wo xing shi hou zai jin bing。

li ji long que shuo:“ bu ran, zheng yin wo jun bing li shao, ruo xian zai zhi jie jin gong xia zhou, pan zei yi ding liao xiang bu dao, er pan zei ye wu fa gu ji wo jun de bing li; ruo shi xian zhan ling shi bao, di zhong wo gua, qing shi fen ming, na neng zai jin gong ne?” yu shi lv bing ji ben ru fu ning xian, li ji peng hai hao wu jing jiao, deng li ji long jun dui jin gong xia zhou shi, li ji peng cai cang huang ying zhan, zhong yu qin huo li ji peng, sheng li hui chao。

8!”7、 wu cheng qi

【 yuan wen】

xiu ning wu cheng qi you li yuan wei yu yao zhu bu shi, yi hu yi mei lin yong bing zhi ji, wen wo zhi shao xing, yu ze neng shi zhe wang tan。 xian ling yi qian cheng, cheng ju, bu yu xing。 wu da yan yue:“ tan yi xin bian wei suo, kuang yi jiao yi feng ye?” cheng yi gao ling, ling zhuang qi yan, jian yu yuan, yi hu yi gong zhao jian, wen:“ wu bu neng tan zei hu?” yue:“ neng。” gong yue:“ ruo guo neng wang, dang yi mou bu er qian ren bi ru, ting ru zhi hui。” wu yue:“ bu xu ru xu, dan rong mou zi xuan ze, nai ke cong zhi。” wu yu jiao chang li ge, xuan de wu bai ren, shuai zhi wang。 jian suo guo shan cun ju shu zhuang mou dun, wu yu zhi:“ wu wei, da bing sui hou zhi yi。 dan er cao xu cong wo jie。” zhong wei wei ting ming。 wu zhi shan jian cao ji, wei yue:“ er ruo dun, ci jie fei ru you, jin yu ru yue, yi pao sheng wei hao, wei wo ju huo fen zhi, wo wei er sha zei。” zhong xu nuo, ye ban xing zhi tao jia fan, tan zhi wo chuan shi san zhi bo he xia, qun wo lu lve ji bao, ju yin cun zhong, lou fu ren er wo。 nai fen qian wu bai ren jian qi shou chuan zhe, xi qi zhou, lian ju da pao, shan min ru yue, jie ju huo, wo yu meng zhong wen pao sheng, jing qi, ze huo guang zhu tian, yi da bing zhi, zheng cuan zhi he xia, yi shi zhou, fang pang huang xun mi, wu lv zhong hu zao er zhi, zhan huo shu bai ji, wo zi ci jue bu gan fan shao xing。 yi hu yi gong shang qi gong, sui sheng shao xing fu pan, hou sheng qian shi。

[ ping]

ru ci li yuan, kong ke jia zhong yi bu yi de ye。

【 yi wen】

ming chao ren xiu ning xian de wu cheng qi ben shi xiao xiao li yuan, hou sheng zhi yu yao xian zhu bu。 dang shi yi hu yi mei lin zheng xiang chu bing ping ding wo luan, ting shuo wo ren qin rao shao xing, jiu xiang pai yi ming neng gan ji ling de ren, dao shao xing da tan qing shi。 xian ling pai xian cheng qian qu, dan xian cheng que man xin bu yuan yi, wu cheng qi jian xian cheng bai ban tui ci, jiu da sheng shuo:“ zhi shi qian qu da tan xiao xi jiu wei suo hai pa, ru guo shi yao ni chong feng xian zhen, na zen me ban ne?” xian cheng ba zhe fan hua zhuan shu xian ling, xian ling fei chang xin shang wu cheng qi de hao mai, yu shi ba ta tui jian gei yi hu yi mei lin。

yi hu yi mei lin zhao jian ta, bing qie wen dao:“ ni neng wei wo dao wo zei ying di da tan xiao xi ma?” wu cheng qi shuo:“ neng。” yi hu yi mei lin shuo:“ ru guo ni guo zhen yuan yi qian qu, wo bo liang qian ren gei ni, ren ni zhi hui。” wu cheng qi da:“ bu xu yao zhe me duo ren, zhi xi wang neng rang zai xia zi xing tiao xuan。” yi hu yi mei lin yi ta suo yao qiu, wu cheng qi zai xiao chang tie chu gong gao, jing guo bi shi hou xuan chu wu bai ren, yi qi qian wang shao xing。

yan tu jing guo shan cun, cun min jian le ta men, dou shou shi xi ruan xiang dun tao, wu cheng qi mian gao cun min shuo:“ bu yao hai pa, guan jun sui hou jiu dao le, ping ding wo luan hou, da jia dou neng guo tai ping ri zi。 dan xian zai ni men bi xu yao ting ming yu wo。” zhong ren dian tou da ying。 wu cheng qi zhi zhe shan shang de ji cao shuo:“ ni men ruo tao zou, zhe xie cao dui dou bu zai shu yu ni men de le。 xian zai wo he ge wei yue ding, yi pao sheng wei xin hao, ting dao pao sheng, ni men jiu wei wo fang huo shao, wo wei ge wei sha kou ping luan。” zhong ren dian tou da ying。

ban ye shi, wu cheng qi lv jun lai dao tao jia he pan, tan zhi you shi san sou wo chuan ting bo zai xia you。 wo kou zai da si qiang lve hou, zheng zai cun zhong huan yin qing gong, he zui le jiu lou zhe nv ren shui jiao。 wu cheng qi xian pai ren sha le chuan shang shou wei, jie kai lan sheng rang chuan shun shui piao liu, jie zhe lian lian fa pao, cun min yi ting dao pao sheng, dou zhao suo yue ding de fang huo shao shan, wo ren zai hun shui zhong jing xing, zhi jian man tian huo guang, yi wei ming chao pai da jun wei jiao, zheng xiang cuan tao dao he bian, dan chuan yi liu shi, zheng huang zhang xun zhao shi, wu cheng qi yi lv bing han sha er lai, zhan sha shu bai wo bing。

wo ren cong ci bu gan zai qin rao shao xing。

shi hou, yi hu yi mei lin zou bao wu cheng qi de zhan gong, jin sheng wei shao xing fu pan guan, hou lei guan zhi qian shi。

[ ping yi]

xiang wu cheng qi zhe yang you jun shi cai lve de li yuan, ji shi ke ju xuan chu de ren li ye nan qiu de dao。

8!”8、 wang shou ren

【 yuan wen】

wang yi? yi ming yi kan shi guo feng cheng, wen ni hao zhi bian, bing li wei ju, ji yu su liu qu ji an。 zhou ren wen hao fa qian yu ren lai jie gong, wei bu gan fa, gong ba jian guo qi er, sui xing。 bo mu, du bu ke qian, qian mi yu zhou, yi wei fu xing, liu hui xia yi ren, fu ji guan fu, ju zhou zhong。 hao bing guo fan zhou, de wei zhe, zhi gong qu yuan, nai ba。 gong zhi zhong tu, kong hao su chu, nai wei jian die, jia feng chao ting mi zhi, xing ling liang guang。 hu xiang dou yu shi ji nan jing bing bu, ge ming jiang chu shi, an fu yao hai di fang, yi qi ning fu bing zhi xi sha。 fu qu you ren shu bei, ge jiang gong wen zhi jia yi xu zhong, jiang fa jian, you bu zhuo wei tai shi jia shu zhi zhou wei, ling qi chan zhi, gong ji yang nu, qian zhi shang an chu zhan, yi er gu zong zhi, ling qi ben bao。 hao huo you, guo yu yi zhong sou de gong wen, sui chi yi bu fa。 gong zhi ji an, tiao du bing liang cu bei, shi chuan xi zheng bing, bao hao zui e, hao zhi wei gong suo mai, fen ran yu chu。 gong wei:“ ji fan qi feng, fei ji ye。 yi shi yi zi shou bu chu zhi xing, bi qi qi chu, ran hou wei er tu zhi。 xian fu sheng cheng, yi qing qi chao。 bi wen, bi hui bing lai yuan, wo ze chu bing yao er ji zhi, ci quan sheng zhi ce。” hao guo shi ren tan gong bu chu, nai liu bing wan yu shou sheng cheng, er zi yin bing dong xia, gong wen hao yi chu, sui ji cu ge fu bing, ke qi hui yu feng cheng, shi hao bing yi wei an qing, zhong yi yi ji wang jiu, gong wei:“ jiu yi jiang yi 、 nan kang jie yi wei zei suo ju, er nan chang cheng zhong yi jing yi han wan yu, shi huo zhong ji, wo bing ruo di an qing, zei bi hui jun si dou, an qing zhi bing jin zu zi shou, bi bu neng chu er jia gong。 zei ling nan chang bing jue wo liang dao, jiu yi jiang yi 、 nan kang he shi nao she, er si fang zhi yuan you bu ke wang, shi qi wei yi! jin wo shi zhou ji, xian sheng suo jia, cheng zhong bi kong, bing li ji gong, qi shi bi xia, ci sun zi jiu han qu wei zhi ji ye!” zhen zhe yan:“ xin、 jiu chang fu bing wan yu, yi bei ji jiao。” gong qian bing cong jian dao xi po zhi, kui zu ru cheng, cheng zhong zhi wang shi yu ji, jie da hai, sui yi gu xia zhi, hao wen wo bing zhi feng cheng, ji yu hui zhou, li shi shi jian, yi wei, bi xu jing wang nan jing, ji deng da bao, ze yi jiang yi xi zi fu。” hao bu ting, sui jie an qing zhi wei, yi bing bo ruan zi yi jiang yi , wei gui yuan ji。 gong wen hao bing qie zhi, zhao zhong yi zhi, zhong yun:“ yi lian bing ru cheng, jian bi dai yuan。” gong yue:“ bu ran, bi wen chao po, dan yi sang yi, xian chu rui zu, yao qi duo gui, yi cuo qi rui, jiang bu zhan er kui, suo wei‘ xian sheng you duo ren zhi qi’ ye。” nai zhi shou wu wen ding deng fang lve, xian yi you bing you zhi, fu yang bei yi zhi zhi, qi qi zheng qian qu li, ran hou si mian he ji, fu bing bing qi, you lv cheng zhong zong shi huo nei ying wei bian, qin wei yu zhi, chu gei gao shi, fan xie cong zhe bu wen, sui chang shou zei guan zhi, neng tao gui zhe, jie mian si, neng zhan zei tu gui jiang zhe, jie gei shang, shi nei wai ju min ji xiang dao ren deng si lu chuan bu。 you fen bing gong jiu yi jiang yi 、 nan kang, yi jue qi yuan。 yu shi qun li bing ju, ni shou jiu qin。

[ an]

chen mei gong《 jian wen lu》, wei chen hao zhi bai, sui jie yu yi jiang yi xi, er shi kui yu an qing。 sui shou gong yu wang yi? yi ming, er shi de li yu li wu shan。 li hui chong si, si chuan nei yi jiang yi ren, zheng de shi si nian xun fu nan ji, wen chen hao qing zeng hu wei, tan yue:“ hu er yi, huo jiang zuo yi。” sui li chen fan zhuang, ting yi nan zhi。 gong nai dan xi she fang lve, chi wu bei, yi yu zei wei nian。 wei an qing ji fu, shi dang zei chong, fei de ren mo shou。 dang zhu jiang ting can, yu zhong zhong du yi zhi hui shi yang rui er jin zhi yue:“ wan cheng bao zhang, wei zhi yu zi。 wu fu wo!” shi wu nian, zei bing xian jiu yi jiang yi , gong zi jiang wan ren, tun cai shi, yi sai shang you zhi lu。 fei xi wan cheng, yu yi zhong yi。 rui gan ji si fen, xiang ji ying di, fa wu bu jie。

jie fa jian die huo pai yun:“ wei jin ji jun qing shi, gai qin cha tai jian zong bing deng guan, tong ling bian guan jun shi wan yu, yi ban jiang dao nan jing, yi ban jing qu an qing。 bing tiao liang guang lang bing, hu guang tu bing, ji ri shui lu bing jin, ju fu an qing hui ji, ke qi jin gong yi jiang yi xi pan zei。 jin jiang huo pai fei bao qian lu guan si, yi ti tong xin fang shou, yu bei liang cao, ting hou ying yong deng yin。”

chen hao zhou zhi li yi? yi he, yu huo pai, lan zhi jing hai, you shi san wang ju ban, ji you fa shui zu qian ren, sheng qi biao zhi, cheng fei jian bai yu sou, gu zao er jin, sheng wei an qing ying yuan, cheng zhong wang jian, shi qi bai bei, rui ji kai men chu di, shui lu jia gong, zei sui da kui。

shi chen hao ying yu huang shi ji, wen bai jiang dun, gong zi jiang bing zhu bei, chen hao ben ru po yi? yi hu, shi yu xun fu wang gong yi? yi ming yin bing zhi hu, sui cheng qin yan。 hou lun gong jing bu ji gong, yi hu yi yu shi jie mu ji qi shi, te wei lun lie, bu bao, gu jin ren sheng cheng yi? yi ming, er bu ji wu shan, yi you xing you bu xing yu?

[ you an]

chen hao bing qi, sheng yan zhi qu nan jing, dao jing an qing, tai shou zhang wen jin yu shou bei yang rui deng he mou, ling jun shi gu zao deng cheng da ma, ji nu ni hao, shi dun bing cuo rui yu jian cheng zhi xia。 er yi? yi ming de cheng qi gong, sui tian duo qi po, er zhang、 yang zhu gong zhi zhi, yi zu shu yi。

【 yi wen】

wang yi? yi ming( ji wang shou ren, zi bo an, shi cheng yi? yi ming xian sheng) fu nan gan shi, lu jing feng cheng, ting shuo zhu chen hao( ming zong shi, wu zong shi zhan ling nan chang qi bing, yu jin zhan nan jing, di pai wang shou ren xun fu nan gan, hou bing bai bei qin, zhu yu tong zhou) fa bing pan luan, you yu wang shou ren bing li bu zu, yin ci xiang jin kuai su yi jiang yi gan wang ji an zheng tiao bing li)。 chuan jia ting shuo zhu chen hao pai chu yi qian duo ren, xiang yao jie sha wang shou ren, dou hai pa de bu gan da zai ta, wang shou ren ba jian ge xia chuan jia yi zhi er, chuan jia cai bu de bu fa chuan。

bang wan shi fen, wang shou ren gu liang zi ji wu fa zai da cheng da chuan ji xu wang qian xing, yu shi an zhong gu le yi tiao xiao yu chuan, huan shang pu tong bai xing de yi fu, liu xia yi ming shu xia, chuan shang zi ji de chao fu, ji xu liu zai da chuan shang。 zhu chen hao guo ran pai ren lan zu sou bu, zhua dao na ming jia ban de wang shou ren, cai zhi dao zhen de wang shou ren zao yi zou yuan, zhe cai zuo ba。

wang shou ren zai wang ji an tu zhong, pa zhu chen hao zai duan shi jian nei hui hui bing jin gong nan jing, yu shi xiang chu yi ge fan jian ji, jia zhuang shen feng chao ting mi zhi, bei ren ming wei liang guang hu xiang dou yu shi, tong ling liang jing bing bu, yi mian ming ge jiang lv zhong mai fu zai ge chu ru yao dao, jian dao ning wang fu zhu chen hao de bing zu jiu xi ji ge sha。 wang shou ren you zhao lai le gong, an zhong zai ta men suo dai de xing li, jia yi zhong, fang zhi gong wen, zhe yi mu gu yi rang zhu chen hao de tai shi jia shu kan jian, ran hou wang shou ren gu yi sheng qi yao zhan sha ta men, deng ta men bei bang fu fa chang zhun bei xing xing shi, que you gu yi zhi zao ji hui, hao rang ta men cheng xi tao zou, ben zhi zhu chen hao chu jiang suo jian bao gao zhu chen hao。 zhu chen hao bu huo le gong, guo ran zai ta men xing li zhong sou dao gong wen, yu shi you yi bu gan mao ran jin bing nan jing。

wang shou ren dao le ji an hou, ji mang zheng tiao bing ma liang cao, zhe cai jie fa zhu chen hao zui xing, zhao gao tian xia, gong tong tao ping pan zei。 zhu chen hao cai ming bai bei wang shou ren meng pian le, li ji fa bing, xiang jiao mie wang shou ren。 wang shou ren zhi dao ci shi yu zhu chen hao ying peng ying bing fei shang ce, ying gai bai chu jian shou bu zhan de zi tai, deng zhu chen hao lv jun wang ta di shi, zai wei sui qi hou, chuang zao liang ji。 wang shou ren ren wei, shou yao zhi wu ying xian guang fu nan chang, gong ji zhu chen hao de lao chao, zhu chen hao yi ding hui bing lai jiu, zhe shi zai chu ji ying zhan, ru ci cai shi bi sheng de shang ce。

zhu chen hao guo ran pai ren zhen cha wang shou ren de dong xiang, zhi dao wang shou ren jian shou bu zhan, yu shi liu xia yi wan ming de bu zhong fang wei nan chang, er zi ji que lv da jun dong xia。 wang shou ren ting shuo zhu chen hao yi lv bing dong xia, jiu ji mang xia ling ge fu bing ma, li ji zai feng cheng hui shi, dang shi zhu chen hao de da jun yi bao yi pi wei an qing, zhu jiang dou ren wei ying gai jiu yuan an qing。 wang shou ren shuo:“ jiu yi jiang yi 、 nan kang dou yi bei zhu chen hao gong xian, er nan chang cheng zhong you yi wan ming yi jing yi bing, liang shi chong zu, wo jun ruo shi qian wang an qing jiu yuan, pan zei yi ding pin si ying zhan, er an qing de bing li jin neng zi bao, bu neng chu cheng yu wo jun pei he jia ji pan zei。 ru guo pan zei ming nan chang pai bing duan jue wo jun liang dao, zai lian he jiu yi jiang yi 、 nan kang de bing li jia ji wo jun, wo jun ruo de bu dao wai di yuan jun, qing shi jiu fei chang bu li。 xian zai wo jun hui shi feng cheng, sheng shi duo ren, nan chang zei bing bi xin sheng kong ju, wo jun he li jin gong, bi neng yi ju po cheng, zhe shi《 sun zi bing fa》 zhong wei wei jiu zhao de ji mou。”

zhe shi tan yuan bao gao, xin jiu chang fu jin, ge you fu bing gong ji wan ren, hu wei ji jiao zhi shi。 yu shi wang shou ren xia ling you xiao lu xi ji, zei bing kui bai, tui ru cheng zhong, wang shou ren zai lv bing gong cheng, cheng zhong ren zai ting shuo ge lu guan jun da hui shi shi, yi ren xin dong yao, zai jian wang shou ren lv bing gong cheng, ye jiu yi gong er po。 zhu chen hao ting shuo guan jun hui shi feng cheng, jiu xiang da chuan hui cheng, li shi shi( guan zhi you dou yu shi, shan zuo shi hua, yin gui fu zhu chen hao bei zhu) jian zu shuo:“ xia guan ren wei bu ru zhi jie jin gong nan jing, duo de tian zi zhi wei, yi jiang yi xi zi ran gui fu。” dan zhu chen hao bu ting, cong an qing che jun, xian zhu zha ruan zi yi jiang yi bian, ce hua jiu yuan nan chang。

wang shou ren ting shuo zhu chen hao ban shi jiu yuan, jiu zhao ji zhu jiang shang yi, zhu jiang shuo:“ wo men bu ru tui bing ru cheng, jian shou bu zhan, deng dai yuan jun qian lai。” wang shou ren shuo:“ bu ke, zei bing ting shuo lao chao yi po, yi jing sang dan, xian rang ta men suo pai chu de yi jing yi bing wu gong er tui, cuo ta men de rui qi, jie zhe zei bing jiu hui bu zhan er bai, zhe jiu shi suo wei‘ xian fa zhi ren’, neng gou duo ren qi shi。” yu shi zhi shi wu wen ding deng zhu jiang ying zhan de fang lve, xian yi you ji bing you di, ran hou jia zhuang bu di bai zou, deng zei bing wei qiang gong zhui ji shi, mai fu de shi zu zai qun qi wei gong。 wang shou ren you gu lv cheng zhong de huang shi zong qin, huo xu reng shi zhu chen hao de nei ying, yu shi qin zi yi yi de bai fang ta men, bing qie chu shi gong wen gao shi, fan guo qu zeng shou zhu chen hao xie po er wei nei ying zhe, yi lv bu yu zhui jiu; sui zeng jie shou zhu chen hao ren ming de guan zhi, xian zai neng tou cheng fan zheng zhe, ye yi lv mian qu si zui; er neng sha pan zei zhe, dou lun gong xing shang。 wang shou ren ming ren jiang ci gao shi si chu zhang tie san bu, ling yi fang mian you pai bing fen gong jiu yi jiang yi 、 nan kang, yi duan jue liang di de jiu yuan, zhong yu qun ce he li qin huo zhu chen hao。

[ an yi wen]

chen mei gong( chen ji ru)《 jian wen lu》 ji zai,

zhu chen hao bing bai sui jie shu yu yi jiang yi xi, shi ji shang que shi zai an qing zhong xia bai yin, sui ran zhan gong shou tui wang shou ren, shi ji shang que ying gui gong li wu shan。 li wu shan you ming chong si, si chuan nei yi jiang yi ren。 zheng de shi si nian, xun fu nan ji shi, ting shuo zhu chen hao qing qiu zeng jia hu wei, tan xi shuo:“ meng hu tian yi, kong pa you bing huo yao fa sheng le。” yu shi shang shu ji li fan dui。 dan da chen men que bu zan tong。

li wu shan ri ye jia jin fang bei, zheng shi jun wu, shi shi ke ke bu wang yu zei。 ta ren wei an qing wei zhi zheng dang yao chong, yi ding yao xuan ze shi dang de jiang ling fang shou。 dang man chao wu jiang qi ji can bai shi, du du xiang huang di tui jian yang rui( zi jin zhi, shou bei an qing。 zhu chen hao fan, dong xia zhi an qing。 yang rui ri ye di yu, zhi zhu chen hao lv bing shi wan, zhan chuan xiang lian liu shi yu li, zhao mu yong shi an jie zei ying, zhu chen hao da jing jie wei er qu。), shuo:“ wo ba bao wei wan cheng de zhong ren tuo fu gei ni, ni bu yao gu fu wo de qi wang。”

zheng de shi wu nian, zhu chen hao gong xian jiu yi jiang yi 。 li wu shan yi mian pai yi wan ming shi bing zai shang you dui ji shi kuai, yi du sai shang you zhi lu, yi mian pai ren jin ji tong zhi wan cheng jie bei, bing yi zhong xiao jie yi mian li yang rui。 yang rui zai gan ji zhi yu, geng jia ti li fen fa, xiang ji ying bian, zhan wu bu sheng。 ling wai wei zao huo pai ling shuo:“ yin jun qing jin ji, te ming qin cha tai jian wei zong bing, tong ling guan jun shi yu wan ren, yi ban pai fu nan jing, yi ban pai fu an qing。 bing zheng tiao liang guang lang bing, hu guang shi bing, ji ri qi fen you shui、 lu tong shi chu fa, zai an qing hui shi。 xian qi jin gong yi jiang yi xi、 jiao mie pan zei。 jin ri yi huo pai fei bao, qian lu ge jiang ling xu tong xin yi ti fang shou jie bei, tun ji liang cao, zhun bei ying zhan。” zhu chen hao de zhan chuan xing zhi li yi? yi he, jie xia huo pai, yi kan zhi xia, da wei jing huang, zei bing san wang yi ban。

li wu shan you pai yi qian shui bing, da cheng bai sou chuan jian, zai chuan shang sheng qi jun qi, ming chuan shang jun shi da sheng jiao han, wei an qing sheng yuan, cheng zhong shou bing kan dao zhi hou, shi qi da zhen。 yang rui li ji da kai cheng men lv bing ying di, shui lu liang lu jia gong, zei bing da kui er

tao, dang shi zhu chen hao zai huang shi ji zha ying, ting shuo shi bing kui tao, jiu chen ye dun yi, li wu shan you qin zi lv bing zhui ji, zhu chen hao tao zhi po yi? yi hu, zheng qiao peng shang wang shou ren lv bing dao po yi? yi hu, yu shi bei qin。

hou shi lun gong jing bu ti ji li wu shan, yu shi yi hu yi jie zeng mu du zheng ge shi jian fa sheng de jing guo, hai te bie lun shu, dan bing mei you zou bing chao ting。 yi yi ban ren zhi da da cheng zan wang shou ren, que yi wang li wu shan de gong ji。 ai, ren xing yun yu fou de cha yi zhen da a!

[ you an yi wen]

dong zhu chen hao bing bian zhi chu, zeng biao ming yao zhi gong nan jing。 lu jing an qing shi, tai shou zhang wen jin yu shou bei yang rui deng ren shang yi, xia ling jun shi da sheng jiao han, bing qie deng shang cheng lou ru ma zhu chen hao, shi de zhu chen hao yin fen nu zhuan er gong cheng, yin ci zhu chen hao da jun shou cuo yu yang rui si shou de an qing cheng xia, zui hou wang shou ren neng yi ju qin huo zhu chen hao, zhu chen hao zhi bai sui shi tian yi, dan zhang wen jin, yang rui deng ren de zhi mou, ye zhi de cheng dao。

8!”9、 yang rui

【 yuan wen】

yang rui shou bei jiu yi jiang yi 、 an qing zhu jun, ji huo yi jiang yi zei, jian si xi, gong yue:“ yi jiang yi zei he zu you, suo yu zhe yu zhang er!” yi zhi chen hao ye。 you wei jiu yi jiang yi wei po yi? yi shang liu, bu ke shi, hu zui yao hai, dang yi jiu yi jiang yi zhong zuo suo yi lv, zhi shu yu hu kou xian zhi gao ling, ke yi yuan wang, you jing ji ke da。 nai hui tu cheng nan bu ji ge tai, you qing zao zhan jian ruo gan sou, yi xi yi shui zhan yu yi jiang yi shang。 cheng zhong zhi bing shi, duo jun jing。 wen ning hao bian zuo, xian yin jun she gou ju yu yi jiang yi ce, jin wu xie, bi kou zhi, chuan er bai yu sou di an, wei gou ju suo po。 kou gong cheng hou bai qu, hao bo chuan nan an, wen bu ke, da nu, lv zhong fen gong wu men, ge shou ju mu wei bi, shen ji, gong lie bo bu fu zhi guo huo yao qian shu, san tou suo bi mu shang, huo fa, jin qi zou, huo guang zhou za bu jue, kou wu suo dun。 kou fu yu bei hao jie mu wei zhan, yu cheng jie, xie bing er jin。 cheng zhong da jing, gong yue:“ shi ji yi!” nai gui yi“ da jiang jun” huo chong shi shi bei fei, jin gu ying zhi cheng shang, kou bing wang jian, jing ju wei jin。 qian shi yi zu cong jian dao chu, shao zhan jue。 kou zhong jie jie, qie ru shu, li bei, ye han shui qu。 gong mu shan qiu zhe shu ren, yu chuan zhong wen han sheng ji zhan shou, jue qi lan, fang zhi zhong liu; you qian yi er qiang zu, tu ru an shang ying, ju huo pao, cheng shang ying zhi, cheng sheng bu sha。 sheng zhen shu li, hao hao tan chu ti, ju fan shun feng er fan。

[ zhu]

an qing bu shou, ze yi? yi ming zhi gong bu cheng, gu yi yang rui fu yi? yi ming zhi hou。

【 yi wen】

yang rui zhen shou jiu yi jiang yi 、 an qing deng cheng, zai ji bu shui dao hou, jian si( guan ming, jian cha zhou jun zhi guan) hen gao xing。 yang rui shuo:“ shui dao bu zhi de fan nao, wo gu lv de zhi you zhu chen hao。” you shuo jiu yi jiang yi zhen wei ju po yi? yi hu shang you, bu zu yi ping shi, fan dao shi po yi? yi hu wei zhi xian yao, suo yi jian yi zai jiu yi jiang yi shou bei jun zhong, bo chu yi lv de bing ma, shu shou hu kou xian de gao di, ke yi jian shi zheng ge hu mian, wan yi you bu xun chang huo jin ji de zhuang kuang, ye neng li ji zhang wo qing kuang。 yang rui jiang shou bei de ji hua cheng bao chao ting ji ge fu tai, ling wai you qing qiu jian zao duo sou zhan jian, zai yi jiang yi shang xun lian shi bing shu xi shui zhan。 er zai cheng zhong ye ling bai xing tun ji liang shi, kai zao shen jing, sui shi zhun bei ying zhan。

zai ting shuo zhu chen hao qi bing pan bian hou, yang rui xian lv bing zai yi jiang yi bian mi mi she zhi tie gou, deng pan zei de er bai sou zhan chuan kao an shi, chuan zhi dou bei tie gou po huai, jie zhe, pan zei gong cheng you gao shi bai。 zhu chen hao de zuo chuan ting kao zai he de ling yi an bian, ting dao gong cheng shi li fei chang sheng qi, yu shi ming zhong zei fen gong wu ge cheng men, ju mu bi ding, quan li gong ji, yi shi qing shi wei ji。 yang rui ming ren jiang mian bu si lie bao yi pi guo huo yao, zai fu yi zhi zhang, zuo cheng shu qian mei huo yao bao yi pi, yin huo san tou zai bi mu shang, yi shi huo guang si qi, pan zei shi qu bi hu, si shang can zhong。

jie zhe, pan zei you zai bei mian de cheng gou yi mu jia zhu zhan dao, xiang lian jie cheng nei, you zhan dao gong cheng。 yi shi cheng zhong ren xin huang huang, yang rui ren wei shi qing jin ji, yu shi xin sheng yi ji, jia zhuang ba da huo chong tian man shi kuai, bing pai lie zai cheng qiang shang, qi man zei bing。 pan zei wang jian ju chong ru lin, guo ran bu gan qiang gong。 yang rui you an pai yi ming shi zu you xiao dao tou liu chu cheng, fen hui zhan dao, duan jue pan zei you zhan dao gong cheng de yi tu。

zhe qi jian zheng shi da re shu tian, ren rong yi pi juan, yi tang xia bian han sheng si qi, yang rui zhao mu shan yu you yong de shi bing, chen ye liu shang zei chuan, ting jian han sheng jiu ge xia ren tou, zai ge duan lan sheng, rang zei chuan shun shui piao liu。 yang rui you pai yi liang ming ti xing zhuang shuo de shi bing, qian ru an bian zei ying, si chu fa fang huo pao, cheng zhong wen sheng, ye fang pao ying zhi, cheng sheng bu sha zei bing, sha sheng yuan zhen shu li。

zhu chen hao hao tan di liu xia yan lei, sheng fan shun feng tui zou。

[ zhu yi wen]

ru guo yang rui bu neng jian shou an qing cheng, na me wang shou ren jiu wu fa shun li qin zei, cheng jiu da gong, suo yi jiang yang rui de shi ji fu zai wang shou ren zhi hou。

820、 shen xi yi

【 yuan wen】

shen dou du xi yi, chu wei you yi jiang yi can jiang。 you yi jiang yi cheng wai wu li ji zei chao, zei? zhe er mu bian guan fu, ji gui ta zhong shao dong se, zei zai xi yan shu bai li wai zhe zhi。 xi yi zhi, gu ling shu yao zi chu ru, xi you cheng zhong, er qiu de yu yao tong shang fan zhe shu shi ren, hou fu zhi, shi wei?。[ bian pi: jun zhong yong?, shi di yi yi。] yu shi zei dong jing sheng xi, gu wang wang wei wo suo xian de。

mei chu jiao, ji zhou ye qin jin bu de wen。 zhi qi ming hao, ze zhu bing li ji ting ling,[ bian pi: cao wei hou shen。] ling yue:“ chu mou men。” qi tou ji yin zhu jun mao mao xing。 wen qi tou, qi tou zi bu zhi, qing zhi zha ying, zei zhong zhi, zhan fang he er fu you zuo you qi, zei da bai qu。 yi zei kou ta suo, guan jun you yi xian zai, sui jue yuan cun ju, zei du guan jun suo bu zhi zhe, kou zhi, jun you wei chang bu zai, zei jing yi wei shen。 ji guan jun yi bu zhi xi yi he zi de zhi ye。 suo jiao bi qi ju chao, fu guan sheng wei ji, wu wang sha。 de fu nv niu chu, guo lin chao zhe, xi hai zhi。 wei yi? yi zhu zei zhe, hai jun li jiao, yue:“ ruo nai he yi? yi zhu zei zhan?” huo dao yi nu yi er men? zhe, yue:“ fa ruo niu wu, ruo nai he dao yi nu yi? wo shi?” yu shi zei jing fu。 wu gan yi? yi zhu zei ji men? zhe。

chang yu jiao yi chao, nai yang wo bing, suo bu ru wen bing, xie bu jian。 ming ri ru wen, xi yi qi yue:“ wu bing, si niao shou rou, ruo bei neng cong wo lie hu?”[ bian pi: pei xing jian xi dou zhi。] ji qi chu lie, chu zei yi er li er zhi ying, jun zhong nai zhi fei lie ye。 zui hou ji qin qi you xia hua shan zhan zhe, zhi jie zhi, si xuan cheng men, jian zhe gu li。

chang yi bei feng qi yu, tian se ming ming ye, cha zhu zei suo zhi xiu, san qian ren ji huo ruo pao, yi cui mao, yu cao se tong, qian zei chao zhong, ye pao ju, zei da hai yue:“ lao shen lai yi!” qie qi zi tao zhi shan ding, er ti nv?G, wang wang han dong si, huo chu ya shi si, qi zi xiang yuan:“ ru zuo zei he li zhi ci?”

ming? zhi, ze ji wu ren, yi xiang wen, yu yi jing; yi? yi? zhi, ze lao shen gu zai can fu bu chu ye。[ bian pi: de shi gui shen bu ce。] zi ci zei dan luo。

huo yi mian wei shu yao, er liu cheng pang yi tong zi qian niu xing shen shan, wu gan? zhe yi。 hou shu yao ji wen gong wei xin, zheng tiao ta chao, sui ju chou, bu gan bu wang, shen er da yu, yao ju shi qi, qiu xi shui yi ying。 lun zhe yi wei zi guang xi wei jiang, han guan、 shan yun zhi lun, neng shi yao bu wei zei, xi yi ze shi yao ren gong zei, qian ci wei you ye。

【 yi wen】

ming chao ming jiang shen xi yi( zi tang zuo, guan bai dou du) zui chu ren guan you yi jiang yi can jiang。 na shi you yi jiang yi cheng wai wu li chu ji shi zei chao, zei ren de mi tan ba guan fu de yi ju yi dong quan tan ting de qing qing chu chu, shen zhi lian guan yuan jia zhong de zhi ma xiao shi, zhu zai shu bai li wai shan dong li de dao fei ye yi qing er chu。

shen xi yi dao ren yi hou, shou xian zhun xu shu yao( han hua de yao zu) zi yi you chu ru cheng nei, jie zhe zhao fu yu yao ren yi jiao yi yi de shu shi ming shang ren, gei yu ta men you hou de bao chang, rang ta men chong dang jian die。 cong ci dao zei de yi ju yi dong, guan fu ye dou neng le ru zhi zhang, de zhan xian ji。

shen xi yi mei ci chu bing jiao zei, shi xian lian zui qin xin de bu shu ye bu zhi dao, lin shi ming hao tong zhi quan jun jiang shi ji he ting ling, ling yue:“ you mou ge cheng men chu cheng。” dui wu you zhang qi guan dai ling, zhi yu mu de di shi na li, que lian zhang qi guan ye bu zhi dao。 dao le shi hou ming ling zha ying, da pi dao fei kai dao shi, shen xi yi cai kuai su bu shu, wan cheng mai fu, zai tu ran cong zuo you fa bing, rang dao fei cuo shou bu ji, da bai er tao。 ran hou dang zei bing yi jun ta chu, xi ji mou ge cun luo shi, que fa jiao guan jun zao yi xian yi bu zai cun luo shou hou le, ji bian shi zui pian yuan de cun luo, zei bing you shi zu de ba wo guan jun bu hui qian lai wei jiao, ke shi que wang wang you xian ru guan jun de xian jing, shi zei bing bu you jing hu shen jun。 jiu lian guan jun zi ji ye bu ming bai, shen xi yi wei shen me liao shi ru shen。

shen xi yi zai jiao mie zei chao zhi qian, bi xian da tan qing chu zei chao suo zai, yong guan sheng zuo ji hao, yi bi mian sha cuo, lu huo le fu nv he sheng chu, ru guo zha ming que shu lin cun de, li ji yu yi qian hai, zhi you an zhong gou tong、 xie zhu zei ren de bai xing, li ke jia yi jiao mie, bing ze bei ta men:“ wei shen me qu bang zhu zei fei gong ji shan liang bai xing ne?” huo fa xian you ren zai men hou na zhe dao jian, gong jian tou tou di kui si, xiang si ji tou xi de tong di zhe, li ke jia dai bu, bing gao jie dao:“ ni wei shen me yao na zhe wu qi sui shi kui si wo men ne, fa ni chu wu tou niu kao jun。” yu shi zei fei jing fu, zai ye mei ren gan si xia tong di he kui si er dong le。

shen xi yi yi dan jue ding le jian mie zei chao de ji hua, bian zhuang bing tang zai chuang shang xiu xi, bu xia qian lai tan shi, ta dou tui ci bu jian。 di er tian, you you bu shu qian lai tan bing, ta cai qi shen shuo:“ wo sheng bing, wei kou bu hao, xiang chi dian ye wei kai wei, ni men yuan bu yuan yi gen wo chu qu da lie?” yu shi lv ling bu xia chu lie, dang wan jiu zai li zei ying yi、 er li chu zha ying, zhe shi jiang shi cai ming bai shen xi yi gen ben bu shi zhen de yao da lie, zui hou zhong yu yong ji qin fu zei ying zhong zui jiao hua shan zhan de zei bing, ba ta men de yi shi yi shou zhi jie hou, xuan zai cheng men shi zhong, kan jian de ren dou wei zhi xin jing dan zhan。

shen xi yi jing chang zai da feng yu de ye wan, tou tou zhen zha zei ren xiu ying de di fang, ran hou pai qian jun shi xie dai huo pao, chuan dai shang yu cao tong se de yi mao, qian ru zei ying, dao wu ye shi jiu dian huo fa pao, zei bing mo bu jing huang shi cuo, yi bian gao han, lao shen lai le!” yi bian pin ming wang shan ding shang pao, yi shi zhi jian, hai zi ku, lao po jiao, zai jia shang zheng shi tian han di dong de ji jie, hen duo zei ren dou bei huo huo dong si, ye you de bei luo shi za si, yin ci bu shao zei ren de qi zi, dou mai yuan zhang fu:“ ni jia ru zei yi dang yi jiu jing you shen me hao chu?” di er tian tian liang, zei bing pai ren hui chao zha tan, fa xian lao chao zhong jing kong wu yi ren, jing ya jiu jing zuo ye shi shui tou xi。 zai pai ren dao cheng zhong da tan, lao shen reng gao zuo can jiang fu ya, gen ben bu zeng wai chu。

cong ci zei ren geng wei sang dan, fen fen chu shan gui shun, huo yi fu wei shu yao, ji shi shi liu cheng pang de yi ge hai tong qian niu ru shan, dou bu hui zai you yao zei yi? yi rao。

hou lai, shu yao ren zhi dao shen gong de wei xin, mei dang ting dao shen xi yi zheng tiao ta men gong ji qi ta yao zei shi, sui ran dan you yu ta yao jie chou, dan bu gan bu wang, you shi hou peng dao tian yu shan lu nan xing, ta men pa wu le ji he shi jian, chang mao xian du ji tuan pao bu qian wang bao dao。

hou ren zeng ping lun, zeng ren guang xi bian jiang de han guan、 shan yun( shan qing zhi zi) deng ren, sui neng shi yao ren bu yu han ren wei di, dan wei you shen xi yi neng shi yao zei zi xiang gong sha, zhe zhong shi guo qu cong wei fa sheng。

82!”、 zhao chen

【 yuan wen】

cen zhang zhe, gui shun zhou tu guan ye, duo zhi lve, shan yang shi。 tian zhou cen meng, qi xu ye。 meng bu fa, du fu shang fan zhuang, zhao zhu tu guan neng qin guo meng zhe, ci zhi yi ji, bi ban di; yi dang yi zhu zhe bing zhu。 dou yu shi yao mo jiang ju bing, er lv zhang he mou, zi yu dou zhi hui shen xi yi, shen zhi bu xia qian hu zhao chen yu zhang shan, zhao chen wen ji, yue:“ wei wen zhang nv shi yi chong yi , zhang po hen meng, wu yu yi zhang po meng, ru he?” chen dui yue:“ zhang duo zhi er chi yi, zhi yu zhi, bi bu xin, ke yi ji qian, nan yi li yi ye。” shen yue:“ ji jiang an chu?” chen yue:“ zhen an、 gui shun, shi chou ye。 gong shi ren gui shun, ze zhen an yi; shi ren zhen an, ze gui shun yi。 gong ruo qian chen zheng bing zhen an, zhang bi yao chen xun gu, er duan ni ke dong ye。” shen ru ji qian chen, chen wang dao yi zhang suo, zuo er tan xi。 zhang kou zhi, bu yan, ming ri, zhang zhi jiu kuan chen, gu kou zhi:“ jun men du guo wo ye? zhang shou wu lin chou, jiang dai kan ye?” chen jie yue:“ fou, fou。” zhang yu yi, nai wan chen wo nei, gui kou zhi, chen shan ran qi xia, zhang yi qi, yue:“ jie hu zhao jun! zhang jin ri si ji si er, jun he ren mi e wo?” chen yue:“ yu jun yi kou pian xin, you ji bu gan bu gao, jin ri fei jun si, ji wo si yi!” zhang yue:“ he gu?” chen yue:“ jun men feng zhi zheng tian zhou, wei jun yi fu weng yi dang yi meng, jiang xi zhen an bing xi jun。 wo bu yan, jun bi si yi; wo yan zhi, er jun zhou fa, bai ji shi, wo bi si, shi yi qi er。” zhang da jing, dun xi yue:“ jin ri fei zhao jun, wo zu yi!” sui qiang chen cheng bing, liu chuan she, er ji qian ren chi jun men, bei chen meng fan zhuang。 kong bo ji, yuan zi xiao。 shen xu zhi, sui yi bai mo, mo shi zhuan yi gong meng。

meng zi bang yan shou wang yao ai, zhang yi? yi qian qian ren zhu zhi, shi wei nei ying, jie yi cun bo zhui ju wei shi, er qian yi gao shen。 shi tian zhou bing si shou ai, zhong mo gan qian, shen du wang, zhan san he, shen yi qi bing qian yu qi jian dao rao ai ce, qi zhi shan shan, gui shun bing hu yue:“ tian bing cong jian dao ru yi。”[ bian pi: zhu xu jian qin bing lei ci。] tian zhou bing jing kui, shen cheng zhi, zhan shou shu qian, bang yan si。 meng wen bai, yu zi jing, zhang you zhi, shi zou gui shun, feng yi bie guan。[ bian pi: duo shi。] er bie jiang yi hu yi yao yuan deng ji shen gong,[ bian pi: ke hen。] yu yi wan ren?F gui shun。 zhang xian jiao zhi, qian ren chi bai niu qian yun, ying jun san shi li, wei yao yuan yue:“ zuo meng bai, jiang yue gui shun zou yi jiao yi nan, zhang yao ji zhi, meng mu ji liu shi nan qu, bu zhi suo wang, ji zhi, kong jiu lu wei bian, xing huan wu ri, dang sou zhi。” yao yuan xu zhi。 zhang fu gou mao she qian jian,[ bian pi: you yong zhi cai。] yi xi er qi。 zhu jun an zhi, wu jin zhi, zhang hai gui meng yue:“ tian bing tui yi, ran fei chen zou bu bai。” meng yue:“ ran, gu an de shu cao zhe?” zhang ji ling ren wei meng ju cao, cu meng chu yin feng zhi, ji zhi meng yin suo zai, nai zhi jiu he meng, gu le yin zuo, jiu ban, zhang chi zhen yin meng yue:“ tian bing suo jun shen ji, bu neng xiang bi。” meng da hu yue:“ duo lao jian yi。” sui yin yao si。 zhang zhan qi shou, bing yin cong jian dao chi yi jun men。 er zhan ta qiu guan meng yi shi yi, yi zhi zhu jun, zhu jun xiao zheng, ji sha shi yu ren, biao chi jun men, ze meng shou yi xiao yi ri yi。 zhu jiang da hui hen, sui jin yi?H yi hui zhang, er bu zheng mou deng fu yi? yi hai mo, chang yan meng shi bu si, si zhe dao shi qian yi zhen ye。 yu shi shi jin sui he mo luo zhi,[ bian pi: hao yu shi。] er xi yi deng gong ju bu xu。 zhang yang yang, sui huang guan xue dao。[ jian tian ru cheng《 liu qing ri zha》]

[ shu]

tian ru cheng yue:“ cen meng zhi fu zhu ye, cen zhang ji zhi, zhao chen qi zhi, shen xi yi wang zhi, er gong jie bu lu, qi he yi quan hou? liang guang wei ling jin bu xing yu tu guan, lei ci。 shu sheng wu yuan lve, suo suo qi qi, xing yi can ye, ning xi jun guo zhong qing zai!”

wang?m zhou yi dai shi cai, qi xu cen meng shi, yi yun meng shi bu si, qi huo yu shi shi yu zhi yan ye? li fu da zhi yu, chao shi mu fei, qi wu que jian。 bu zhi yi ri you he yi ding zhen wei ye!

【 yi wen】

cen zhang shi ming chao gui shun zhou de tu guan, cong ming duo mou lve, shen dong dai bing zhi dao。 tian zhou de cen meng shi ta de nv xu。 cen meng chu fan lv ling, du fu zou gao cen meng zui xing, huang di xia zhao yu ge zhou tu guan ruo neng qin huo cen meng shou ji, jia jue yi ji, ling ci cen meng yi ban de tian di, ruo yu cen meng gou jie, ze yi lv ge sha。

dou yu shi yao mo( zi ying zhi) zhun bei chu bing zheng tao cen meng, xiang yu cen zhang he zuo, yu shi yu dou zhi hui shen xi yi shang yi。 shen xi yi zhi dao bu shu zhong you ge qian hu chang jiao zhao chen de, yi xiang he cen zhang yi jiao yi qing bu cuo, yu shi zhao lai zhao chen shang yi, shuo:“ wo ting shuo cen zhang de nv er hun hou si hu bing bu xing fu, wei le nv er de shi, cen zhang dui cen meng hen bu liang jie, wo xiang jie cen zhang zhu wo fu huo cen meng, ni kan ru he?”

zhao chen shuo:“ cen zhang wei ren cong ming dan sheng xing duo yi, ruo shi zhi shuo, ta yi ding bu xiang xin, suo yi zhi neng yong ji quan fu, bu neng qiang xing ming ling。”

shen xi yi shuo:“ gai zen me ban ne?”

zhao chen shuo:“ zhen an、 gui shun liang zhou shi shi chou, da ren pai ren qian wang gui shun zhou, na me zhen an yi ding qi yi; pai ren dao zhen an, na me gui shun you hui yi xin。 suo yi ruo da ren pai wo dao zhen an zheng bing, cen zhang yi ding hui wen wo qu zhen an zuo shen me, wo jiu ke jian ji xing shi le。”

shen xi yi jiu zhao ji xing shi, zhao chen gu yi rao dao bai fang cen zhang, dan jian le cen zhang que zhi shi bu duan tan qi, que bu shuo hua, cen zhang wen ta, ta ye bu hui da。 di er tian, cen zhang zhun bei le jiu cai kuan dai zhao chen, wen zhao chen:“ wo de zui le shen dou zhi hui shi ma, hai shi wo fan le zui nin yao dai bu wo?”

zhao chen zhi lian lian shuo:“ bu shi, bu shi, dou bu shi。”

yu shi cen zhang yu shi yi xin, wan zhe zhao chen jin ru nei shi hou, gui zai zhao chen mian qian, zhao chen liu zhe yan lei, cen zhang ye ku zhe shuo:“ xian sheng, jin ri jiu shi yao wo cen zhang si, na wo ye ren le, he ku yao man wo ne。”

zhao chen shuo:“ yu nin sui fei yi jia ren, dan ye xiang yi jiao yi shen shen, jin tian you jin ji shi bu gan bu gao su ni, kong pa bu shi ni si jiu shi wo wang le。”

cen zhang shuo:“ dao di fa sheng shen me shi。”

zhao chen shuo:“ yuan shuai feng zhi chu zheng tian zhou, you ren shuo xian sheng shi cen meng yue fu, yi ding shi cen meng tong yi dang yi , xian zai fa gong wen dao zhen an, zheng bing gong xian sheng, wo bu gao su ni, ni yi ding si; wo xian zai gao su ni, wan yi xian sheng tu ran fa bing pan bian, xie lu jun ji, wo ye yi ding an jun fa chu si, suo yi cai nan guo liu lei。”

cen zhang jing ya de dun jiao tan xi shuo:“ jin tian yao bu shi xian sheng, wo quan zu de ren dou wan le。” yu shi qiang yao zhao chen cheng bing liu xiu jia zhong, yi mian ji mang pai ren qian wang dou zhi hui shi suo, lie ju cen meng de zui zhuang, shuo ming bu yuan shou cen meng lian lei, yuan yi tou xiao guan jun。 shen xi yi jie shou cen zhang de qing qiu, jiang ci shi gao su dou yu shi yao mo, yu shi yao mo quan li gong fa cen meng。

cen meng de er zi ming jiao bang yan, lv zhong fang shou ai dao, cen zhang biao mian pai yi qian ren xiang zhu, shi ji shi zuo guan jun nei ying, yi zai yi bai feng shang yi cun de bo bu wei shi bie biao zhi, an zhong xiang shen xi yi tong feng bao xin。 dang shi tian zhou bing si shou ai dao, guan jun bu gan mao ran jin gong, shen xi yi dai zhe yi qian ming qi bing, you xiao dao rao lu cong ai dao ce bian jin gong, kan dao piao dong de jun qi, zai ting dao gui shun bing da sheng jiao dao:“ tian bing cong xiao lu gong ru ai dao le!” tian zhou bing bu you de zhen jing er kui san, shen xi yi cheng sheng zhui sha, si shang shu qian ren, cen bang yan ye nan tao yi si。

cen meng ting shuo zhan bai, xiang zi yi sha, cen zhang que shuo fu ta xian dao gui shun, zhu zai bie guan zhong, er fu jiang yi hu yi yao yuan deng ren ji du shen xi yi de zhan gong, xiang dai bing yi wan zhi dao gui shun。 cen zhang cha jiao hou, li ji pai ren dai zhe bai tou niu ji qian? hao jiu, zai san shi li wai ying jie yi hu yi yao yuan deng ren, dui yi hu yi yao yuan shuo:“ zuo tian cen meng da bai, ta da suan lv can zhong, jing you gui shun wang yi jiao yi nan fang xiang zou, wo chu bing gong ji, ta yan jing zhong jian hou, xian zai bu zhi tao wang na ge fang xiang, guan jun ruo shi ji ji zhui bu, wo pa you sheng luan shi, neng fou gei wo wu tian de shi jian, wo yi ding jiang ta qin xia song gei jiang jun。” yi hu yi yao yuan dian tou da ying。

cen zhang ji ming ren zai yi tian zhi nei da gai qian jian mao she, gong guan jun zhu xiu。 er hou cen zhang hui dao bie guan, pian cen meng shuo:“ guan jun zan shi che tui le, dan ruo shi bu shang shu zou bao, bu neng biao ming ni de qing bai。” cen meng shuo:“ you dao li, neng fou wei wo zhun bei wen ju?” cen zhang li ji ming ren wei cen meng zhun bei zhi bi, bing qie yi zhi cui cu cen meng gai shang yin jian feng kou, yin er zhi dao cen meng zang fang yin jian de di fang, jie zhe ming ren zhun bei jiu cai xiang cen meng dao he, yi mian ming ren dan zou le qu zhu xing, jiu yan jin xing yi ban shi, cen zhang shou na du jiu shuo:“ guan jun quan mian jin ji sou bu ni, wo shi zai hu bu le ni。” cen meng da jiao shuo:“ wo shang le ni zhe lao hu li de dang le!” yu shi he xia du jiu er si。

cen zhang kan xia cen meng nao dai, lian tong yin xin yi bing you xiao lu kuai ma song yi jiao yi shen xi yi, que jiang cen meng de yi shi yi ti yu ta ren tiao bao yi pi, diu dao yi hu yi yao yuan de jun qian, zhong ren wei zheng gong jing zi xiang can sha, ji sha shi yu ren, hao bu rong yi qu de yi shi yi ti, kuai ma lai dao jun men, que fa xian cen meng de shou ji zao yi xuan gua zai cheng men shang yi tian le。 zhu jiang ba cen zhang hen de ya yang yang de, fa shi yao sha cen zhang。 ling you yi bu zheng shi ye an zhong xian hai yao mo, san bu cen meng qi shi bing mei you si de yao yan, si de shi yi ming jiao qian yi zhen de dao shi。 yu shi shi jin jing yi ci dan he yao mo, mian qu ta de guan zhi, er shen xi yi deng ren de zhan gong ye wei biao zhang, cen zhang ye jiu yi yu shang shan xue dao le。

[ shu yi wen]

tian ru cheng shuo:“ cen meng fu fa bei zhu, cen zhang、 zhao chen、 shen xi yi ge you qi gong, dan dou lve er bu ti, ri hou yao ru he quan mian hou ren ne? da ming shu sheng mei you yuan da bao fu, zhi zhi ting xin chan yan, ji du ta ren gong lao, bu zhi guo shi qing zhong。

wang?m zhou shi yi dai shi jia, zai xu shu cen meng yi shi shi, jing ye ren wei cen meng bing mei you si, nan dao shi bei yu shi shi jin de yi fan hua suo mi huo le ma? jin ren li fu da de xing yu, zhi xian zai hai mei you yi ge ding an, ri hou zhen bu zhi yao ru he bian ming shi shi zhen jia le。

822、 wang shi

【 yuan wen】

zhe dong zei qiu fu zuo luan, yi wang shi wei guan cha shi tao ping zhi。 zhu jiang yi yu shi yue:“ gong shi zhi, jun shi fang ji, er ju san zhi, he ye?” shi yue:“ zei ju gu yi you ji ren。 wu gei zhi shi, ze bi bu wei dao。 qie zhu xian wu shou bing, zei zhi, ze cang gu shi zu zi zhi er。”“ bu zhi feng sui, he ye?” shi yue:“ feng sui suo yi qu jiu bing ye, jin bing jin xing, tu jing shi min er。”“ shi nuo zu wei hou qi, er shao gei bing, he ye?” shi yue:“ bi yong zu cao li, yu di ze bu liang li er dou, dou si ze zei zhi bu zhi yi。” jie bai yue:“ fei suo ji ye。”

【 yi wen】

ming chao shi zhe dong luan fei qiu fu zuo luan, guan cha shi wang shi( hou yin ping luan you gong, guan feng zuo jin wu da jiang jun) pai bing tao ping。 de sheng hou, zhu jiang xiang wang shi tao jiao shuo:“ da jun yi ru cheng, zheng ji xu jun liang shi, yuan shuai wei shen me que jiang cang ku zhong cun fang de liang mi, san fa gei cheng zhong bai xing?”

wang shi shuo:“ fei dao yi dao gu yin you ji min tou kao ta men, wo jiang liang mi fen zeng bai xing, na me bai xing jiu bu hui lun wei dao fei。 zai shuo zhe dong ge xian cheng dou mei you shou bing, zai di ren jin cheng zhi hou, bu shi zheng hao zi zhu le dao fei ma?”

zhu jiang you wen:“ yuan shuai bu she feng huo tai shi shen me yuan yin ne?”

wang shi shuo:“ she feng huo tai shi wei le zhao jiu bing, xian zai yi zhi mei you yuan jun, she feng huo tai zhi shi tu zeng kong ju bu an de qing xu ba le。”

you wen:“ yuan shuai pai nuo ruo dan xiao de shi bing wei chi hou, ye bu duo gei ren yuan, you shi shen me yuan yin ne?”

wang shi shuo:“ yong meng de shi bing ping ri jing guo yan ge xun lian, yu dao di ren jiu hui bu kao liang ben shen bing li yu di zuo zhan, ru guo zhan si le, jiu bu hui you ren tong zhi wo men zei ren lai xi le。”

zhu jiang ting le wang shi de jie shi, dou pei fu shuo:“ yuan shuai de zhi mou, fei wo deng suo neng ji。”

er shi san  bing bu yan zha

【 yuan wen】

dao qu qi ping, bing bu yan gui。 shi xu xu shi, yi shen yi gui。 bi an wo ming, wo sheng bi si。 chu qi wu qiong, mo zhi suo yi。 ji“ gui dao”。

【 yi wen】

zou lu yao zou ping zhi de kang zhuang da lu, zuo zhan que bu neng zhuan xing zheng dao。 xu zhong you shi, shi zhong you xu, cai neng rang di ren yi shen yi gui, fang bu sheng fang。 zhi zhe neng shi di an wo ming, yin ci cai wo sheng di si。 chu qi zhi sheng, bian hua wu qiong, shi ren wan quan wu fa zhang wo。

823、 zheng gong zi tu

【 yuan wen】

bei rong qin zheng, zheng bo yu zhi, huan rong shi, yue:“ bi tu wo che, ju qi qin yi wo ye。” gong zi tu yue:“ shi yong er wu gang zhe, chang kou er su qu zhi。 jun wei san fu yi dai zhi。 rong qing er bu zheng, tan er wu qin, sheng bu xiang rang, bai bu xiang jiu。 xian zhe jian huo, bi wu jin; jin er yu fu, bi su ben。 hou zhe bu jiu, ze wu ji yi, nai ke yi cheng。” cong zhi, rong ren zhi qian yu fu zhe ben, zhu dan zhu zhi, zhong rong shi, qian hou ji zhi, jin yi, rong shi da ben。

[ mao yuan yi yue]

“ qian gu yu rong, bu chu shu yu, jin ze fan shi, rong an de bu cheng?”

【 yi wen】

chun qiu shi bei rong qin lve zheng guo, zheng zhuang gong qin zi lv bing di yu。 ta dui bei rong de wu li ji wei you xin, dui da chen shuo:“ bei rong yi bu bing wei zhu, wo jun shi yong zhan che, ben zhong er bu ling huo, gua ren dan xin ta men hui tou xi wo jun。” gong zi tu shuo:“ wo men ke xian pai yi pi yong gan dan bu mang mu hao zhan de shi bing wei xian feng yin you rong jun, dang rong jun ru qin hou jiu xun su che tui, zhe shi da wang ke mai fu san pi fu bing, yi yi dai lao, deng hou rong jun shen ru。 you yu rong ren xing qing fu zao, jun ji you bu yan zheng, dui cai wu de tan lan xin ji qiang, zai li yi guan tou liu qin bu ren, zhan sheng shi wei qiu zhan gong hu bu xiang rang, zhan bai shi wei qiu huo ming you hu bu xiang jiu。 jia shi rong jun jian dao wo xian feng jun bai bei, yi ding hui pin ming wang qian meng gong, jia ru fa jiao wo you fu bing, ye yi ding hui cang huang ben tao, er hou mian de rong jun you bu ken jiu yuan, deng yu mei you yuan jun, wo jun jiu ke yi zhan er da huo quan sheng。”

zheng zhuang gong cai na gong zi tu de zhan shu, rong ren de qian feng yu dao fu bing guo ran lang bei er tao, zheng da fu zhu dan lv bing sui hou zhui ji, ba rong jun cong zhong jian jie cheng liang duan, zai qian hou jia xi, zhong yu ba rong ren quan bu xiao mie。 can yu de rong jun ye dou bao tou shu cuan。

[ mao ping yi wen]

qian gu yi lai, di yu rong ren de zhan shu dou bu guo shi jian dan de ji ju hua。 er xian zai ren dui xia、 liao deng yi di zuo zhan, zhan shu yang yang sa sa yi da pian, rong ren zen hui bu de cheng ne?

824、 fu gai wang

【 yuan wen】

wu bai chu shi yu bai ju, zhui ji qing fa, jiang ji zhi。 he lv zhi di fu gai wang yue:“ kun shou you dou, kuang ren hu? ruo zhi bu mian er zhi si, bi bai wo。 ruo shi xian ji zhe zhi mian, hou zhe mu zhi, mie you dou xin yi, ban ji er hou ke ji ye。” cong zhi, da bai chu ren, wu zhan ji ying。

【 yi wen】

wu wang he lv zai bai ju da bai chu jun, zhui dao qing fa shi, ben xiang yi ju jian mie can yu de chu jun, wu wang de di di fu gai wang que zu zhi shuo:“ bei lie ren wei sha de ye shou, wei le xiang huo ming, shang qie yao pin si tu wei, he kuang shi ren ne? ruo shi chu jun zhi dao zi ji mei you huo ming de xi wang, fan er hui ji qi ta men fen yong ying zhan de shi qi, shuo bu ding wo jun hai hui zao dao bai ji。 bu ru rang ta men du he, xian du he dao dui an de, zhi dao huo le xia lai, wei du he de yi ding shi fen xian mu, zai ye mei you fen shen yi bo de yong qi。 ru ci, deng dao ta men du he du dao yi ban shi, wo jun zai gong ji, jiu yi ding neng da huo quan sheng。” wu wang yi ji er xing, guo ran da bai chu jun, jing guo wu ci zhan yi, yi zhi da dao chu guo shou dou。

825、 dou bo bi  ji liang

【 yuan wen】

chu wu wang qin sui, shi qiu cheng yan, er jun xia yi dai zhi。 sui ren shi shao shi dong cheng。 dou bo bi yue:“ wo zhi bu de zhi yu han dong ye, wo ze shi ran: wo zhang wu san jun, yi wu lin zhi, bi ze ju er xie yi mou wo, gu nan tu ye。 han dong zhi guo, sui wei da, sui zhang, bi qi xiao guo, xiao guo li, chu zhi li ye。 shao shi yi chong yi , qing lei shi yi zhang zhi。” shao shi gui, qing zhui chu shi。 ji liang jian yue:“ chu zhi lei, qi you wo ye!” nai zhi。

[ shu ping]

dang shi wei ji liang, ji duo chu ji。 chu zi fan you yan:“ wei zhe, gan ma er mo zhi, shi fei zhe ying ke。” gu fan shi ruo zhe jie you ye。

han bing cheng sheng zhui xiong yi nu yi。 gao di wen mao dun ju shang gu, shi ren chan zhi。 mao dun ni qi zhuang shi fei niu ma, jian lao ruo lei chu, shi zhe shi bei lai, jie yan xiong yi nu yi ke ji。 shang fu shi liu jing wang, jing hai bao yue:“ liang guo xiang ji, ci yi jin kua jian suo chang, jin chen wang, tu jian lei ji lao ruo, ci bi yu jian duan, fu qi bing yi zheng li, yu yi wei xiong yi nu yi bu ke ji。” shang bu ting, guo wei yu bai deng。

tian hou zhong, qi dan li jin zhong、 sun wan rong zhi po ying fu ye, yi di lao qiu han fu shu bai ren, wen ma ren jie deng zhu jun jiang zhi, nai ling shou zhe dai zhi yue:“ jia kou ji han, bu neng cun huo, dai guo jia bing dao ji jiang er。” yi ri yin chu zhu qiu, yu zhi zhou, wei yue:“ wu deng fa shi yang ru, you bu ren sha ru, zong fang gui, ruo he?” zhong jie bai fu qi ming, nai zong qu。 zhi you zhou, ju yan qi gu。 bing shi wen zhi, zheng yu xian ru, zhi huang luan yu, zei you ling lao zhe tou guan jun, song yi lao niu shou ma yu dao ce。 ren jie deng qi bu zu, jiang ma xian ru。 zei she fu, heng jie jiang jun, sheng qin ren jie deng。 quan jun jie mei。

er shi jie lei bi。

【 yi wen】

chun qiu shi dai, chu wu wang xiang fa bing gong da sui guo, yi mian pai shi zhe qu sui guo qiu he, zi ji que lv jun zhu zha zai bian jing deng hou xiao xi。 sui guo pai shao shi( guan ming, san gu zhi yi。 zhou chao cheng shao shi、 shao fu、 shao bao wei san gu) quan quan chu li yi he de shi wu。

chu da fu dou bo bi dui chu wu wang shuo:“ chu guo bu neng zai han shui yi dong de shi, wan quan shi you yu wo guo dui wai zheng ce bu dang de guan xi。 wo guo kuo zhang jun bei, yi wu li qu wei yi bi yi ge guo, ge guo zai kong ju zhi yu, jiu hui lian he qi lai dui kang wo guo, suo yi bu rong yi li jian ta men。 han dong zhu guo yi sui guo zui wei qiang da, ru guo sui guo neng kuo zhang zi ji de shi li, yi ding jiu hui bei qi qi ta yu sui jie meng de xiao guo, sui guo ruo shi bei li qi ta de xiao guo, zhe dui chu guo xiang dang you li。 sui guo shao shi jiao yi chong yi kuang wang, suo yi wo men bu ru gu yi bu shu pi ruo de bing zu gei ta kan, rang shao shi you qing di zhi xin。”

sui shao shi hui dao sui guo hou, guo ran qing qiu sui hou chu bing zhui ji chu jun, dan sui guo da chen ji liang zu zhi shuo:“ chu guo shi ruo shi chu yu you di de yi? yi mou。” yu shi ting zhi chu bing, chu jun wu gong er fan。

[ shu ping yi wen]

dang shi sui guo ruo shi mei you xian chen ji liang shi po chu ren de jian ji, sui ren ke zhen shi yao shang da dang le! chu zi fan shuo:“ bing lin di ren cheng xia, wu bu shi yi zhan shi zhuang sheng de jun rong lai wei zhen di ren, yin ci, ruo shi bu dui jun ji bu zheng, gu yi shi ruo, zhe dou shi you di zhi ji。”

han gao di ting shuo xiong yi nu yi dan yu mao dun pan ju dai gu, pai ren zhen cha xiong yi nu yi qing shi。 mao dun ba xiong yi nu yi shan zhan de neng shi, fei zhuang de niu ma dou zang qi lai, zhi neng kan dao lao ruo can bing ji shou ruo de sheng chu。 han chao qian hou pai chu shi ge mi tan, dou bao gao shuo ke yi jin gong xiong yi nu yi

gao zu zai pai liu jing( qi ren, ben xing lou, gao zu ci xing liu, hao feng chun jun, you feng guan nei hou) qian wang xiong yi nu yi, liu jing hui lai hou xiang gao zu bao gao:“ liang guo yi jiao yi zhan shi, zhao chang li ying gai hui ge zi kua yao zi ji de wu li, biao xian chu zi ji jun dui de you dian, xian zai chen dao xiong yi nu yi qu, zhi kan dao shou ruo de sheng chu, nian lao ti ruo de zhan shi, gu yi bao lu ben shen de que dian, zhe fen ming xiang yin you wo men jin gong, hao yong shi xian mai fu de qi bing tu ji。 yu chen ren wei zai zhe zhong qing kuang xia, bu yi mao ran jin bing xiong yi nu yi。” gao zu bu ting, guo ran bei mao dun wei kun zai bai deng。

wu ze tian shi, qi dan ren li jin zhong、 sun wan rong qi bing zao fan, gong xian rong zhou, fu huo hao ji bai ming han bing, ba ta men guan zai di lao, ting shuo ma ren jie de bu dui kuai lai le, yao kan shou di lao de guan li pian qiu fan shuo:“ wo men de jia ren zheng yin zao feng ji huang er nan yi bao ming, deng chao ting da jun yi dao, zhi you tou jiang yi tiao lu le。” you gu zhang shi fang qiu fan, gei ta men he mi zhou, dui ta men shuo:“ wo men zheng mian lin que liang, wu fa ti yi gong shi wu, you bu ren xin sha ni men, zhi hao fang ni men hui qu。” bei shi fang de tang bing hui dao you zhou, jiang suo ting dao de hua yi wu yi shi bao gao jiang ling, shi bing ting shuo qi dan que liang, dou xiang jin gong hao jian zhan gong。

dao le huang luan yu, qi dan you pai lao ruo de shi zu lai tou jiang, bing qie gu yi liu xia ji tou lao niu shou ma zai lu bian, ma ren jie deng ren jiu liu xia bu bing, zhi lv ling shao shu de qi bing jin gong。 qi dan you liang ce mai fu gong ji, sheng qin ma ren jie deng ren, quan jun fu mei。

zhe liang jian shi, dou shi di ren gu shi can ruo lai yin you dui fang jin gong。

826、? jia  shi shu

【 yuan wen】

chu da ji, yong ren lv qun man pan chu。 jun ren shuai bai pu ju yu xuan, jiang fa chu。 yu shi shen xi zhi bei men bu qi。 chu ren mou xi yu ban gao。[ bian pi: wu ce。]? jia yue:“ bu ke, wo neng wang, kou yi neng wang。 bu ru fa yong。 fu jun yu bai pu wei wo ji bu neng shi, gu fa wo ye。 ruo wo chu shi, bi ju er gui。 bai pu li ju, jiang ge zou qi yi, shui xia mou ren?” ji chu shi qin yong, ji yong fang cheng。 yong ren zhu zhi, qiu zi yang chuang。 san xiu er yi, yue:“ yong shi zhong, qun man ju yan, bu ru fu da shi, qie qi wang zu, he er hou jin。”[ bian pi: yong ce。] shi shu yue:“ bu ke, gu you yu zhi yu yi jiao zhi, bi jiao wo nu, er hou ke ke。 xian jun? mao suo yi fu jing xi ye。” you yu zhi yu, qi yu jie bei。 yong ren yue:“ chu bu zu yu zhan yi!” sui bu she bei。 chu zi cheng?, hui shi yu lin pin, fen wei er dui yi fa yong, qun man cong chu zi meng, sui mie yong。

[ ping yi]

chu yi bu xi er cun, song yi nan du er xue。 wo chao tu mu zhi bian, xu wu gong chang yan nan qian, lai su min zhu gong bu huo qi yan。 bu ran, shi wei ke zhi yi!

【 yi wen】

chun qiu shi, chu guo fa sheng da ji huang, yong ren cheng ji lv ling qun man bei pan chu guo。 ci wai, jun ren( zhou chao guo ming, chun qiu shi bei chu suo mie) geng lv ling bai pu( zai jin hu bei sheng shou xian yi nan, yi zhi dao hu nan sheng chang de deng di, jun wei bai pu ren san ju de di fang) qi ji zai xuan di( chu di ming, zai jin hu bei sheng zhi yi jiang yi xian nan), zhun bei zu zhi lian jun gong da chu guo。 yi zhi shen、 xi liang cheng( zai jin he nan nan yi? yi、 xin yi? yi yi dai, wei chu guo bei fang ping zhang) bu gan kai bei men, chu guo ren ye you qian dou dao ban gao de nian tou。

? jia( zi bo ying) shuo:“ bu neng qian dou! qi yuan yin jiu zai yu, shi yin wei wo men neng qu, di ren ye neng qu。 bu ru fa bing gong da yong guo。 yong guo he bai pu dou ren wei wo guo fa sheng ji huang, yi ding wu fa chu bing kang di, suo yi cai pai bing gong da wo guo, ru guo wo guo neng chu bing gong yong guo, ta men yi ding hui xin sheng kong ju er tui bing。 bai pu ben jiu san ju ge di, geng hui fen bie tao hui zi ji de cheng yi, yi hou mei you ren hui zai lai gong da wo men le。”

yu shi chu guo chu bing gong yong。

dang chu ren gong da yong guo fang cheng( zai hu bei sheng zhu shan xian dong nan si shi li you fang cheng shan, shan nan you cheng chang shi duo li, ming jiao fang cheng) shi, jiang ling bu xing bei yong ren fu lu, dan zhi guan le san tian san ye jiu tao hui lai le, shuo:“ yong jun bing li qiang da, suo you man zu dou ju ji zai yi qi, bu ru zai duo pai jun dui, shen zhi pai qian yi jing yi rui de wang shi, hui ji hou zai jin gong。”

chu da fu shi shu shuo:“ bu neng zhe me zuo, bu fang zan shi zai he di ren zhou xuan ji tian, gu yi shi zhi yi ruo, hao rang di ren you jiao ao de xin li。 ta men xin cun jiao ao, wo jun zhan zhi ji ang, zhe shi jiu neng yi zhan er gong xian di cheng, zhe jiu shi xian wang? mao( chu wu wang de fu qin) gong zhan jing、 xi liang di suo yong de zhan lve。”

yu shi chu jun ji xu he yong jun chan dou, yi lian da le qi chang bai zhang。 yong ren shuo:“ chu jun shi zai bu kan yi ji。” cong ci qing shi chu jun er bu she fang。

chu zhuang wang sui ji zuo zhe yi che qian wang lin pin( di ming, yue zai jin hu bei sheng jun xian jing nei) hui shi, fen bing liang lu gong da yong guo, bing qie he ge man zu ding li jun shi tong meng, zhong yu mie le yong guo。

[ ping yi yi wen]

chu ren da xiao qian dou de nian tou, shang xia qi xin, zhong yu mie yong guo; nan song du yi jiang yi qian dou lin an, guo shi que ri jian shuai ruo, zhong zhi mie wang。 wo chao( zhi ming chao) tu mu zhi bian hou, xu wu gong da yan gu chui qian dou, xing lai su min deng zhu gong, bu wei qi yan suo huo。 fou ze, shi zai wu fa xiang xiang jin tian guo jia de qing shi hui yan bian cheng shen me yang de zhuang kuang!

827、 tian dan

【 yuan wen】

yan zhao wang zu, hui wang li, yu le yi you xi,[ bian pi: rou xian fu er chong sheng。] tian dan wen zhi, nai zong fan jian yu yan, xuan yan yue:“ qi wang yi si, cheng zhi bu ba zhe er er。 le yi wei zhu bu gan gui, yi fa qi wei ming, shi yu lian bing nan mian er wang qi。 qi ren wei fu, gu qie huan gong ji mo, yi dai qi shi。 qi ren suo ju, wei kong ta jiang lai, ji mo can yi。” yan wang yi wei ran, shi qi jie dai yi。 yi gui zhao, yan jun gong fen。 er tian dan nai ling cheng zhong, shi bi ji qi xian zu yu ting, fei niao xi xiang wu xia shi, yan ren guai zhi, tian dan yin xuan yan yue:“ shen lai xia jiao wo。” nai ling cheng zhong yue:“ dang you shen ren wei wo shi。” you yi zu yue:“ chen ke yi wei shi hu?”[ bian pi: ci shi tong qiao。] yin fan zou, tian dan nai qi, yin hai, dong xiang zuo, shi shi zhi, zu yue:“ chen qi jun, shi wu neng ye。” dan yue:“ zi wu yan。” yin shi zhi, mei chu yue shu, bi cheng shen shi, nai xuan yan yue:“ jun wei ju yan jun zhi yi suo de qi zu, zhi zhi qian xing yu wo zhan, ji mo bai yi。” yan ren wen zhi, ru qi yan。 cheng zhong ren jian qi zhu jiang zhe xi yi, jie jian shou, wei kong jian de。 dan you xuan yan:“ jun ju yan ren jue wu cheng wai zhong mu, lu xian ren, ke wei han xin。” yan jun jin jue long mu、 shao si ren。[ bian pi: qi jie yi zhi mo ji ci。] ji mo ren cong cheng shang wang jian, jie ti qi, ju yu chu zhan, nu zi shi bei。 tian dan zhi shi zu zhi ke yong, nai shen cao ban cha, yu shi zu fen gong, qi qie bian yu xing wu zhi jian, jin san yin shi xiang shi, ling jia zu jie fu, shi lao ruo nv zi cheng cheng, qian shi yue jiang yu yan。 yan jie hu“ wan sui”, tian dan nai shou min jin, de qian yi, ling ji mo fu hao yi yan jiang, yue:“ ji mo ji jiang, yuan wu lu lve wu zu jia qi qie。” yan jiang da xi, xu zhi, yan jun you ci yi xie。 dan nai shou cheng zhong, de qian yu niu, wei jiang zeng yi, hua yi wu cai long wen, shu bing ren yu qi jiao, er guan zhi shu wei yu wei, shao qi duan, zao cheng shu shi xue, ye zong niu, zhuang shi wu qian ren sui qi hou, niu wei re, nu er ben, yan jun ye da jing, niu wei ju huo guang xuan yao, yan jun shi zhi, jie long wen,[ bian pi: ying shen shi。] suo chu jin si shang, wu qian ren yin xian mei ji zhi, cheng zhong gu zao cong zhi, lao ruo jie ji tong qi wei sheng, sheng dong tian di。 yan jun da hai, bai zou, sui sha qi jie。

[ shu ping]

sheng、 guang jia yao yi wei zhong。 chen sheng yu wu guang mou ju shi, yu xian wei zhong, nai dan shu bo yue:“ chen sheng wang”。 zhi ren suo zeng yu fu zhong。 zu mai yu, peng shi, de fu zhong shu, guai zhi。 you ling guang yu pang jin cong ci zhong, ye gou huo zuo hu ming, hu yue:“ da chu xing, chen sheng wang。” yu shi zu jie ye jing, dan xiang lv yu, wang wang zhi mu sheng。

shi chong tuo meng yi shi shi。 wang shi chong yu ji li mi, kong zhong xin bu yi, nai jia tuo gui shen, yan meng jian zhou gong, nai li si yu luo shui zhi shang, qian wu yan“ zhou gong yu ling pu she ji tao li mi, dang you da gong, bu ze bing jie yi si。” shi chong bing jie chu ren, xin wu, gu yi huo zhi, zhong jie qing zhan。 sui po mi, jie shen shi zhi qian jiao ye。

wang de zheng xiu zhou zei shao qing, die yan jiang yong huo niu, de yue:“ ci gu fa ye, ke yi bu ke zai, bi bu zhi bian, zhi cheng qin er。”

xian ming he jun chi man, zhen shi yi jiao yi , wan shi qi fa, niu jie fan ben, wo shi cheng zhi, sui can zei zhong, ci ke wei tu du fu shu zhe zhi jie。 chen tao xie zhi che zhan yi you shi。

bo bi lei shi yi zhang zhi, jia ze lei bei yi you zhi。 zhi yu tian dan, zhi qing jiang yi, qi zha mi shen, qi du mi shen。 gou jian yi jiang wu zhi wu, bo yue yi jiang hui mou hui。 zhen jiang qie bu ke xin, kuang zha hu? han wang zhi kuang chu, huang gai zhi po cao, jie yi jiang you ye! cen peng、 fei?, jie si yu jiang ren zhi shou。 yi, jiang ke yi bu cha zai? bi ye, liang ji zhi wei xin ke yi zhi qi jiang zhe he zai? er can zhi yi ren qing, kui zhi yi bing shi, duan zhi yi shi li, du bi bu de bu jiang, jiang er bi wu bian ji ye。—— si wan quan zhi ce yi!

【 yi wen】

zhan guo shi yan zhao wang qu shi, ta de er zi hui wang ji wei, zeng he le yi( wei ren, wei yan jiang jun, zeng fa qi, gong qi qi shi duo cheng, feng chang guo jun) fa sheng bu yu kuai de shi。 tian dan ting shuo ci shi, jiu shi xing fan jian ji, zai yan guo san bu yao yan, shuo:“ qi wang yi jing qu shi, gong bu xia de cheng chi zhi you ju he ji mo liang cheng ba le。 le yi he xin jun you xian xi, pa bei sha er bu gan hui guo, jie zhe gong da qi guo de ming yi, shi ji shang shi xiang zi li wei qi wang。 zhi shi yin wei qi ren bu ken gui fu, suo yi zan shi man man gong da ji mo, deng dai shi ji de cheng shu。 xian zai qi guo ren zui pa huan qi ta jiang jun lai gong da, na me ji mo jiu bao bu zhu le。” yan wang ben jiu yi xin le yi, you zhong le qi guo de fan jian ji, jiu pai qi jie dai ti le yi wei jiang jun, zhao hui le yi。 le yi pa zhao wang dui ta bu huai hao yi, yu shi tou ben zhao guo, yan guo de jiang shi wan xi bu yi, qun qing fen hen。

zhe shi tian dan ming cheng zhong bai xing chi fan shi, yao zai ting yuan zhong ji bai zu xian, yu shi fei niao dou ju ji fei xuan zai liang cheng de shang kong, yan ren jiao de hen qi guai。 tian dan san bu yao yan shuo:“ you shen shi jiang lin cheng zhong, jiao dao qi guo bai xing。”

you yi ming shi bing kai wan xiao de shuo:“ wo ke yi dang shen shi ma?” shuo wan bu hao yi si de zhuan shen zou kai, tian dan li ji qi shen jiao ta hui lai, qing ta zuo zai shen shi de zuo wei, yi shen shi zhi li dui dai ta。 shi bing shuo:“ gang cai wo shi sui kou hu shuo pian jiang jun de, wo zhen de shen me ye bu dong。” tian dan shuo:“ ni shen me ye bu yao shuo。” reng yi shen shi li dai ta, mei ci chu qu xun cha shi, bi cheng ta wei shen shi。

jie zhe, tian dan you san bu yao yan shuo:“ wo men zhi pa yan guo jun dui ba suo fu lu de qi bing ge diao bi zi, yao ta men pai lie zai yan jun de zhen qian, na me ji mo bi hui gong po。” yan ren ting shuo ci shi, guo zhen an zhe qu zuo, cheng zhong ren jian tou jiang de ren dou bei ge diao bi zi, geng jian ding shou cheng de jue xin, wei kong bei yan jun qin huo。

tian dan you pai ren san bu yao yan shuo:“ wo men pa yan guo ren wa jue qi ren cheng wai de zu fen, wu ru wo men de zu xian, kan jian xian ren shou dao wu ru hui shi wo men xin jing dan han。” jie guo yan jun you zhong ji, wa kai fen mu, shao hui yi shi yi gu。 qi guo ren zai cheng shang kan jian yan jun de suo wei, mei you bu shang xin bei qi, ji yu cheng yu yan jun jue yi si zhan。

tian dan zhi dao shi ji cheng shu, shi bing ke yi shang zhen zuo zhan le, jiu qin zi na zhe gong ju he shi bing yi tong gong zuo, qi qie ye bian zai gong zuo dui wu zhong, ba hao chi de shi wu dou na chu lai yu shi bing fen xiang。 tian dan ming ling wu zhuang de shi bing dou mai fu qi lai, gai pai lao ruo fu nv deng cheng shou wei, bing qie pai shi zhe zai yan guo shang yi tou jiang。 yan jun bing shi gao hu wan sui。 tian dan you mu ji min jia de juan kuan, chou ji dao qian yi huang jin, qing ji mo cheng de fu hao zeng song gei yan guo jiang jun, shuo:“ qi ren ma shang jiu yao tou jiang le, xi wang ni men bu yao lu lve wo men de qi qie。” yan jiang shi fen gao xing, da ying ta men de qing qiu, cong ci yan jun fang bei song xie, hao wu dou zhi。

tian dan zai cheng zhong zheng ji yi qian duo tou niu, wei niu feng zhi jiang se si yi, hua shang wu cai long wen, zai niu jiao shang bang shang feng li de dao ren, ling zai niu wei shang zha shang wei cao, guan shang you zhi, ran hou zai cheng qiang shang wa jue ji shi ge dong xue, chen zhe ye wan, ba niu qun gan wang dong kou, zhe shi dian ran niu wei shang de wei cao, niu zhi shou bu le huo shao de teng tong, fa nu xiang qian kuang ben, zhi chong yan jun ying di, wu qian shi bing gen zai niu hou fen yong sha chu。 yan jun da chi yi jing, kan jian niu zhi dou shi long wen, fan shi peng chu dao de li ji si wang, shang yi wu qian yu ren。 cheng zhong bai xing han sha zhen tian, bu duan qiao ji tong qi, fa chu zhen er de sheng xiang, yan jun shen shou jing xia, kui san ben tao, qi jun cheng sheng sha le qi jie, yi xue chi hen。

828、 kang mao cai

【 yuan wen】

chen you liang ji xian tai ping, ju shang liu, qian ren yue zhang shi cheng tong qin jian kang。 huo quan shang zi jiang ji zhi, shang yue:“ di zhi wo chu, yi pian shi zhui wo, er da jun shun liu, zhi qu jian kang, ban ri ke da, wu bu qi ji hui, bai li qu zhan, bing fa suo ji。” nai zhao kang mao cai, wei yue:“ er kou xiang he, wei huan bi shen, ruo xian po you liang, ze dong kou dan luo yi, ru neng su zhi shi lai hu?” mao cai yue:“ jia you lao hun zhe, jiu chang shi you liang, jin wang bi xin。” sui ling hun zhe ji shu, cheng xiao ge jing zhi wei han jun zhong, xu yi nei ying。 you liang guo xin zhi, shen xi, wen kang gong, yue:“ jin he zai?” yue:“ jian shou yi jiang yi dong qiao。” you wen:“ qiao he ru?” yue:“ mu qiao ye。” ci shi qian hai, zhu yue:“ wu ji zhi, zhi ze hu lao kang wei hao。” hun zhe hai gao, shang yue:“ lu luo wu hu zhong yi。” nai shi ren che mu qiao, yi yi tie shi, yi xiao er cheng。 feng sheng、 chang yu chun lv san wan ren, fu yu shi hui shan ce, xu da deng jun yu nan men wai, yang? zhu bing da sheng gang, zhang de sheng、 zhu hu lv zhou shi chu long yi jiang yi guan wai, shang zong da jun yu lu long shan, ling chi zhi zhe yan huang zhi yu shan zhi you, yan chi zhi yu shan zhi zuo, jie yue:“ kou zhi ze ju chi zhi, wen gu sheng ze ju huang zhi, fu bing jie qi。” shi ri, you liang guo yin zhou shi dong xia, zhi da sheng gang, shui lu xia, yu yang? bing, ji tui chu da yi jiang yi , jing yi zhou chong yi jiang yi dong qiao, jian qiao jie tie shi, nai jing yi, lian hu“ lao kang”。 mo ying, shi jiao qi zha, ji fen zhou shi qian yu xiang long yi jiang yi , xian qian wan ren deng an li zha, shi shen rui。 shi ku shu, shang du tian bi yu, ling zhu jun qie jiu shi, shi tian wu yun, hu feng qi xi bei, yu da zhi, chi zhi ju, zhu jun jing qian ba zha, you liang hui jun lai zheng, zhan fang he, shi yu zhi, ming fa gu, gu sheng zhen, huang zhi ju, fu fa, xu da bing yi zhi, zhou shi bing ji, nei wai he ji, you liang jun da bai, cheng sheng zhu zhi, sui fu tai ping。

【 yi wen】

yuan chao mo nian, chen you liang( chu wei xiao li, yuan shun di shi, xu shou hui qi bing, chen you liang tou xiao hui xia, hou sha xu shou hui zi li wei di, guo hao han。 yu zhang shi cheng he mou gong qu jian kang, bai yu ming tai zu zhu yuan zhang, zhong jian er si) gong xian tai ping hou, zhan ling zheng ge chang yi jiang yi shang you, yu shi pai ren yao yue zhang shi cheng( xiao zi jiu si, chu zi cheng cheng wang, guo hao da zhou, you gai cheng wu wang) hou bei ming chao da jiang xu da, chang yu chun suo qin, zi yi er si) yi tong gong da jian kang, ji jin nan jing。

you ren jian yi ming tai zu qin zi lv bing ying zhan, tai zu shuo:“ di ren zhi dao wo lv bing ying zhan, ru guo zhi yong yi bu fen bing li lai qian zhi wo, er zhu li bu dui shun zhe chang yi jiang yi er xia, zhi xu ban tian de shi jian, jiu ke di da jian kang。 wo ruo shi lv bing ji ji gan hui jian kang, rang shi bing ben bo bai li zai yu di ren yi jiao yi shou, zhe shi fan le bing jia da ji。” yu shi zhao jian kang mao cai( zi shou qing, yuan mo zeng ju bing kang yuan, hou zhui sui ming tai zu, shi wu yi), dui ta shuo:“ chen you liang yu zhang shi cheng ru guo zhen de lian he qi lai dui fu wo, dui wo jun qing shi jiang hui xiang dang bu li; ru guo neng xian ji bai chen you liang, na me zhang shi cheng jiu hui wen feng sang dan。 ni ke you ban fa neng yin you chen you liang xian jin gong ci di ma?”

kang mao cai shuo:“ wo fu li you ge lao men fang, ta yi qian zeng gen sui guo chen you liang, pai ta qu zuo fan jian, chen you liang yi ding bu hui qi yi。” yu shi ming lao men fang dan ren xin cha, cheng xiao chuan lai dao wei han de ying di song xin gei chen you liang, lao men fang jian le chen you liang, gao su ta kang mao cai yuan zuo nei ying de shi, chen you liang guo ran da xi guo wang, shen xin bu yi。 chen you liang wen men fang:“ kang gong ru jin zai na li?” men fang hui da:“ zhen shou yi jiang yi dong qiao。” you wen:“ yi jiang yi dong qiao jie gou ru he?” men fang shuo:“ shi zuo mu zao de qiao。” yu shi chen you liang ming ren zhun bei feng sheng de jiu shi zhao dai lao men fang, zai song ta hui qu, lin xing qian ding zhu shuo:“ wo de da jun sui hou jiu dao, jie shi wo men yi‘ lao kang’ wei an hao。” men fang fan hui zhi hou, ba jing guo qing xing yi yi xiang bao, ming tai zu shuo:“ chen you liang yi luo ru wo de quan tao le。”

li ji ming ren chai chu mu zao de yi jiang yi dong qiao, zai yi ye zhi jian gan da yi zuo tie shi zao de yi jiang yi dong qiao, feng sheng( yong gan duo zhi mou, feng song guo gong)、 chang yu chun lv san wan ren mai fu zai shi hui shan ce, xu da( zi tian de, chu wei guo zi xing bu jiang, hou tou xiao ming tai zu, guan zhi zhong shu you cheng xiang, feng wei guo gong) deng ren zhen shou nan men, yang?( guan zhi pian jiang jun, zu shi wu xin) lv jun zhu shou da sheng gang, zhang de sheng( zi ren fu, zai yu chen you liang yi jiao yi zhan shi zhen wang, zhui feng cai guo gong, shi zhong yi)、 zhu hu lv jun da zhan jian xun fang long yi jiang yi guan。 tai zu qin zi zuo zhen lu long shan zhi hui san jun, bing qie ming shou chi huang qi zhe mai fu zai shan de you ce, chi hong qi zhe mai fu zai shan de zuo ce, gao jie san jun:“ di jun lai fan shi jiu hui dong hong qi, ting dao zhan gu sheng jiu gao ju huang qi, zhe shi suo you mai fu de jun dui quan mian chu ji。”

zhe tian, chen you liang lv jun jian shun yi jiang yi dong xia, jin ru da sheng gang hou, yin yi jiang yi mian xia zhai, yu yang? jun dui jie chu hou, li ji tui chu gang kou, xiang zhi jie yong chuan jian zhuang ji yi jiang yi dong qiao, deng fa jiao yi jiang yi dong qiao bing fei shi xiang xiang zhong de mu zao qiao er shi tie shi qiao shi, bu you xin jing qi yi, zai lian han“ lao kang” mei you hui ying, cai zhi shang dang le。 chen you liang li ke bing fen liang lu, yi lu lv qian sou zhan jian zhi shi long yi jiang yi , yi lu dai ling yi wan shi bing shang an gou zhu zha lan, qi shi reng rui bu ke dang。

zhe shi zheng zhi shu tian, ku re nan nai, tai zu yu ce jiang you da yu, xia ling shi bing xian chi fan, zhe qi jian, tian kong wan li wu yu, si hao mei you xia yu de ji xiang。 mei xiang dao tu ran gua qi yi zhen xi bei feng, qing ke jian da yu pang tuo, tai zu li ke xia ling hui dong hong qi, jun shi ba qu chen you liang ying qian de zha lan, chen you liang de jun dui ben lai qiang duo。 liang jun xiang yu, xue zhan zheng han, da yu hu ran ting zhi, tai zu li ke ming ren ji gu, sha shi jian gu sheng zhen tian, huang qi gao ju, fu bing quan mian chu ji, xu da ye lv jun qian lai hui he, yu shi shui lu lian he, nei wai jia ji, da bai chen you liang, tai zu cheng sheng zhui ji, shou fu le tai ping。

829、 zhang liang

【 yuan wen】

pei gong yu yi bing er wan ren ji qin?i xia jun, zhang liang shuo yue:“ qin bing shang qiang, wei ke qing。 chen wen qi jiang tu zhe zi, jia shu yi dong yi li, yuan gong qie liu bi, shi ren xian xing, wei wu wan ren ju shi, yi zhang qi zhi zhu shan shang, wei yi bing; ling li shi qi chi zhong bao dan qin jiang。” qin jiang guo pan, yu lian he ju xi xi xian yi? yi。 pei gong yu ting zhi, liang yue:“ ci du qi jiang yu pan er, kong shi zu bu cong, bu ru yin qi xie er ji zhi。” pei gong nai yin bing, ji po qin jun。

[ shu ping]

li sheng ji shuo xia qi, er han xin xi ji, sui zhi lin zi。

jie li bing bai qiu he, tai zong qian hong lu qing tang jian deng wei fu zhi。 jie li wai wei bei shun, nei shi you yu, li jing mou yue:“ jie li sui bai, qi zhong shang shi yu wan, ruo zou du qi bei, ze nan tu yi, jin zhao shi zhi bi, lu bi zi kuan, ruo xuan wan qi xi zhi, bu zhan ke qin ye, tang jian bei he zu xi。” sui le bing ye fa, da po zhi。 er shi ju tong ci。

【 yi wen】

pei gong( liu bang) xiang yong liang wan ren de bing li jin gong qin guo de?i guan, zhang liang shuo:“ qin jun hai hen qiang da, bu ke qing di。 chen ting shuo qin guo jiang ling tan cai zhong li, rong yi shou mai, qing zhu gong gu shou yuan di, ling pai ren mei can zhun bei wu wan ren de shan shi, zai shan shang zeng she jun qi, yi zhang sheng shi, er yao li shi qi na zhe zhen bao qi wu qu you shuo qin jiang。” qin jiang guo ran shou dao li you, xiang xiu zhan ding meng, lian shou xi ji xian yi? yi

pei gong zheng xiang da ying, zhang liang shuo:“ zhe zhi shi qin jun jiang ling de xiang fa, kong pa shi bing bu ting cong, bu ru chen ta men dou zhi song xie de shi hou, hui bing jin gong。” pei gong lv jun jin gong, guo ran da bai qin jun。

[ shu ping yi wen]

han xin dai bing dong jin zhun bei gong qi shi, qi wang zeng jie na li shi qi de quan gao, pai ren yu han jiang he, jie guo han xin reng po qi jun, dao da lin zi, qi wang yi wei li shi qi chu mai zi ji, peng sha li shi qi。

jie li( tang shi tu jue ke han) zai yi? yi shan bei li jing da bai, yu shi pai shi zhe ru chao ye jian tang tai zong xie zui, qing qiu gui fu。 tai zong pai tang jian( zi mao xi, shi xiang) an fu ta, jie li biao mian yan xing qian bei, nei xin reng you yu bu fu, li jing shuo:“ jie li sui ran shi bai, dan yu zhong reng you shi duo wan ren, ruo shi tao wang mo bei, lu yuan nan zhui, bu ru qing qin cha shi zhe qian wang jie li ying di, rang ta men fang song jie bei, yi mian zai yi jing yi xuan yi wan qi bing si ji tu xi, na me bu fei chui hui zhi li jiu ke sheng qin jie li le, zhe shi han xin da bai qi guo de zuo fa, zhi yu tang jian ke neng you sha shen zhi huo, dan ye gu bu le le。”

zhe liang jian shi yu zhang liang de mou lve, dou shi tong yi ge mo shi。

830、 li guang  wang yue

【 yuan wen】

guang yu bai yu qi du chu, wang xiong yi nu yi shu qian qi, jian guang, yi wei you qi, jie jing, shang shan chen。 guang zhi bai qi jie da kong, yu chi hai zou, guang yue:“ wu qu da jun shu shi li, jin ru ci yi bai qi zou, xiong yi nu yi zhui she, wo li jin。 jin wo liu, xiong yi nu yi bi yi wo wei da jun zhi you, bi bu gan ji。” nai ling zhu qi yue:“ qian。” wei dao xiong yi nu yi zhen er li suo, zhi, ling yue:“ jie xia ma jie an。” qi qi yue:“ lu duo qie jin, ji you ji, nai he?” guang yue:“ bi lu yi wo wei zou, jin jie jie an yi shi bu zou。” yu shi yi hu yi qi sui bu gan ji。 you bai ma jiang chu hu qi bing, guang shang ma, yu shi yu qi ben she sha yi hu yi bai ma jiang, er fu hai zhi qi qi zhong, jie an, ling shi jie zong ma wo, hui mu, yi hu yi bing zhong guai zhi, bu gan ji。 ye ban, yi han fu jun yu ye qu zhi, jie yin qu。 ping dan, guang nai gui da jun。

wei ning bo wang yue yu bao guo gong zhu yong shuai qian ren xun bian。 lu cu zhi, zhu ke bu dang, yong yu zou, yue zhi zhi, wei zhen lie zi gu, lu yi wei gan qian。 bo mu, ling qi jie xia ma xian mei, yu guan xing, wu fan gu, zi lv xiao yong dian, cong shan hou zou wu shi li, di cheng, lu bu jiao, ming ri nai wei yong yue:“ wo yi dong, lu nie ji, wu jiao lei yi! jie zhen, shi xia xing yi huo zhi ye, ci di er xing, qie xia ma, wu jun sheng, gu lu bu jiao ye。”

【 yi wen】

han chao ming jiang li guang( zeng yu xiong yi nu yi da xiao qi shi yu zhan, feng song guo gong) you yi ci zhi dai le bai duo bing qi bing chu wai xun xing, ban lu shang yu dao hao ji qian ming de xiong yi nu yi qi bing。 xiong yi nu yi bing jian le li guang, yi wei shi han jun de you di zhi ji, fei chang jing huang, li ji qu ma shang shan bu zhen, er li guang de qi bing ye xin xu hai pa, xiang qi ma tao zou。

li guang zhen ding di shuo:“ wo men li kai ying di you hao ji shi li lu, xian zai ru guo ji zhe qi ma tao yi, xiong yi nu yi yi ding hui zhui sha wo men, na wo men yi ge ye bie xiang huo ming。 dan ru guo wo men liu zai yuan di, xiong yi nu yi yi ding ren wei wo men shi you di zhi bing, er bu gan qing yi gong ji。” yu shi xia ling suo you qi bing qian jin, dao ju li xiong yi nu yi bing zhen di qian liang li chu, li guang zai xia ling ting zhi qian jin, suo you shi bing xia ma, jie xia ma an。 qi bing shuo:“ di bing bu dan ren shu duo, er qie li wo men na me jin, wan yi ta men fa dong gong ji, wo men zen me ban?” li guang shuo:“ xiong yi nu yi bing dou ren ding wo men hui li kai, xian zai jian wo men xie xia ma an biao shi bu zou, ta men geng hui xiang xin wo men shi gu yi you di lai gong。”

xiong yi nu yi bing guo zhen bu gan chu ji。

you yi wei qi bai ma de xiong yi nu yi jiang jun, zai yuan chu jian shi li guang jun dui。 li guang tiao shang ma bei, dai zhe shi duo ming qi bing, kuai ben she sha le bai ma jiang jun, zai hui dao ying di xie xia ma an。 zhe shi yi jin huang hun, li guang ming shi bing fang ma chi cao, xi di xiu xi, xiong yi nu yi bing shi zhong gan dao qi guai, dan ye yi zhi bu gan gong ji。 wu ye shi, xiong yi nu yi bing ren wei mai fu zai fu jin de han jun hui li yong ye wan gong ji, suo yi jiu lv zhong li qu。

tian liang hou, li guang deng ren an ran fan ying。

ming chao shi wei ning bo wang yue yu bao guo gong zhu yong lv ling yi qian bu zhong xun cha bian jing, tu ran yu dao yi hu yi bing, you yu bing li xuan shu, zhu yong xiang tao zou, wang yue que jia yi zu zhi, yi mian ming bing shi lie zhen shou wei, yi hu yi bing jian shi yi ju, bu gan mao ran gong ji。

jin huang hun shi, wang yue xia ling suo you shi bing pai cheng yi lie, jin zhi chu sheng, bu zhun hui tou di xiang qian zou, er zi ji qin zi dai ling yong gan shan zhan de shi bing dian hou ya zhen, you hou shan bu xing wu shi li lu, hui dao cheng nei, er yi hu yi ren que yi zhi mei you jing jiao。

di er tian wang yue cai dui zhu yong shuo:“ dang shi zhi yao wo jun yi pao, yi hu yi bing jiu hui xia ling zhui ji, na me mei you ren neng huo ming, yi hu yi bing jian wo jun pai lie zhen shi, biao xian chu you xian de shen tai, fan er mi huo, zhe shi zai li yong ye wan shi xian bu ming shi, ming shi bing xia ma jin sheng bu xing, suo yi yi hu yi ren gen ben bu zhi dao wo men chen ye er zou。”

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